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SELFLESS

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SELF-SUFFICIENT

Selfless (self'les), a. Having no regard to Self-pity (self'pit-i), . Pity on one's self. will; not controlled by external force or self; unselfish.

And sweet self-pity, or the fancy of it,

authority. Lo, now, what hearts have men! they never mount

Made his eye moist.

Tennysor

Power, self-restrained, the people best obey. As high as woman in her selfless mood. Tennyson. Self-pleached (self-plēch'ed), a. Pleached

Dryden, Selflessness (self'les-nes), n. Freedom from or interwoven by natural growth; inter

Self-restraint (self-rê-stránt),n. Restraint selfishness. twined: intertwisted.

or control imposed on one's self; self-comSelf-life (self'lif), n. Life in one's self; a Round thee blow sell.pleached deep,

mand, self-control. living solely for one's own gratification or

Bramble-roses, faint and pale,

Self-reverence (self-rev'er-ens), n. Reveradvantage.

And long purples of the dale. Tennyson. ence or due respect for one's own character, Self-liket (selflik), a. Exactly similar; cor- Self-pleasing (self-plëz'ing), a. Pleasing dignity, or the like. responding

one's self; gratifying one's own wishes. Sell-reverence, self-knowledge, self-control, Till Strephon's plaining voice him nearer drew,

These three alone lead life to sovereign power. Bacon.

Tennyson, Where, by his words, his self-like case he knew, Self-pollution (self-pol-lū’shon), n. Same

Sir P. Sidney.
as Self-abuse, 2

| Self-reverent (self-rev'er-ent), a. Having Self-limited (sell' lim-it-ed), a. In pathol.

reverence or due respect for one's self. | Self-possessed (self'poz-zest), a. Composed; a term applied to a disease which appears

*Self-reverent each, and reverencing each.' not disturbed. Neither self-possess'd nor to run a definite course, but is little modi. startled.'

Tennyson.

Tennyson. fied by treatment, as small-pox. Self-possession (self-poz-zesh'on), n. The

Self-righteous (self-rīt'yus), a. Righteous Self-love (sell'luv), n. The love of one's

in one's own esteem. possession of one's powers; presence of own person or happiness; an instinctive

Self-righteousness (self-rit'yus-nes), n. mind; calmness; self-command. principle in the human mind which impels Self-praise (seli' práz), n. The praise of

Reliance on one's own supposed righteousevery rational creature to preserve his life,

ness; righteousness, the merits of which a one's self; self-applause; as, self-praise is and promote his own happiness.

person attributes to himself: false or pharino commendation. And while self-love each jealous writer rules,

saical righteousness.

Self-praise is sometimes no fault. W. Broome. Contending wits become the sport of fools. Pope.

Self-rolled (self'rold), a. Coiled on itself. Not only is the phrase self-love used as synonymous

Self-preference (self-pref'er-ens). n. Pre In labyrinth of many a round self-rolled.' with the desire of happiness, but it is often con ference of one's self to others.

Milton. founded with the word selfishness, which certainly, Self-preservation (self'prez-er-vā"shon), n. Self-ruined (self-rö'ind), a. Ruined by one's in strict propriety, denotes a very different disposi

The preservation of one's self from destruc own conduct. tion of mind.

D. Stewart.

tion or injury. So long as self-love does not degenerate into selfish.

Self-sacrifice (self-sak'ri-fis), n. Sacrifice of ness it is quite compatible with true benevolence.

The desire of existence is a natural affection of the

one's self or of self-interest Fleming. soul; it is self-preservation in the highest and truest

Give unto me, made lowly wise, As to difference between self-love and sel. meaning

Benticy.

The spirit of self-sacrifice. D'ordsworth. fishness see also SELFISHNESS. Self-preserving (self-pré-zerv'ing), a. Pre

Self-sacrificing (self - sak'ri - fīs-ing), a. Self-loving (self'lur-ing), a. Loving one's serving one's seif.

Yielding up one's own interest, feelings, self. Iz. Walton. Self-pride (self'prid), n. Pride in one's own

&c.; sacrificing one's self. Self-luminous (self-lū'min-us), a. Lumin character, abilities, or reputation; self

Self-same (self' sám), a. [Self here is the ous of itself; possessing in itself the pro esteem. Colton.

adjective, same, very.) The very same; perty of emitting light; thus, the sun, fixed Self-profit (self'pro-fit), n. One's own profit,

identical. stars, flames of all kinds, bodies which shine gain, or advantage; self-interest. Un

And his servant was healed in the self-same hour. by being heated or rubbed, are self-luminous. biassed by self-profit." Tennyson.

Mat. viii, 13 Self-made (self' mãd), a. Made by one's Self-propagating (self-prop'a-gat-ing

The self-same moment I could pray. Coleridge. self: specifically, having risen in the world Propagating by one's self or itself.

Self-satisfied (self-sat’is-fid), a. Satisfied by one's own exertions; as, a self-made man. Self-registering (self - rej' is-tér-ing), a.

with one's self. Self-mastery (self-mas'tér-i), n. Mastery Registering automatically; an epithet apof one's self; self-command; self-control. plied to any instrument so contrived as to

No caverned hermit rests self-satisfied. Pope. Self-mate (self'mát), n. A mate for one's record its own indications of phenomena, Self-satisfying (self-sat'is-fi-ing), a. Giving selt. Shak

whether continuously or at stated times, or satisfaction to one's self. Milton. Self-mettlet (self'met-1), n. One's own fiery | at the maxima or minima of variations; as, Self-scorn (sell'skorn), n. Scorn of one's temper or mettle; inherent courage.

a self-registering barometer, thermometer, selt.
Anger is like
or the like.

Deep dread and loathing of her solitude
A full hot horse, who, being allow'd his way, Self-regulated (self-reg'u-lat-ed), a. Regu-

Fell on her, from which mood was born Self-mettk tires him.

Shak.
lated by one's self or itself.

Scorn of herself; again from out that mood
Laughter at her self-scorn.

Tennyson. Self-motion (self-mo'shon),n. Motion given Self-regulative (self-reg'ü-lat-iv), a. Tendby inherent powers, without external im ing or serving to regulate one's self or itself. Self-seeker (self'sēk-ér), n. One who seeks pulse; spontaneous motion. Whewell.

only his own interest. "All great self-seekers Matter is not endued with self-motion. Cheyne. Self-reliance (self-rē-li'ans), n. Reliance trampling on the right.' Tennyson. on one's own powers.

Self-seeking (self'sēk-ing), a. Seeking one's Self-moved (self-mövd'). a. Moved by in

Self-reliant (self-rê-li'ant), a. Relying on own interest or happiness; selfish. A herent power without the aid of external impulse.

tradesman; a self-seeking wretch.' Arbuthone's self; trusting to one's own powers. 'Self-moved with weary wings.' Self-relying (self-rē-li'ing), a. Depending

not. Pope. on one's self.

Self-seeking (sell'sēk-ing), n. Undue atSelf-movent (self-möv'ent), a. Same as

tention to one's own interest. Self-renunciation (self'ré-nun-si-a"shon), Self-moving.

9. The act of renouncing one's own rights Self-slain (self'slán), a. Slain or killed by Body cannot be self-existent, because it is not self. or claims; self-abnegation.

one's self; a suicide. movent.

V. Graw.

Self-repellency (self-re-pel'en-si), n. The For that the church all sacred rites to the self stain Self-moving (self-möv'ing), a. Moving by inherent power of repulsion in a body.

denies.

3. Baillie. inherent power, without extraneous influ

Self-repelling (self-ré-pel'ing), a. Repel-Self-slaughter (self-sla'tér), n. The slaughence. Martinus Scriblerus. ling by its own inherent power.

ter of one's self. Shak Self-murder (self-mèr'der), n. The murder

Self-repetition (self'rep-e-ti"shon), n. The Self-slaughtered (self-sla'tèrd), a. Slaughof one's self; suicide.

act of repeating one's own words or deeds; tered or killed by one's self. Shak. By all human laws, as well as divine, self-murder | the saying or doing of what one has already Self-styled (self'stild), a. Called or styled has ever been agreed on as the greatest crime.

said or done. Sir W. Temple.

by one's self: pretended; would-be. Those Self-murderer (self-mêr'dér-ér), n. One

Self-reproach (self-re-proch'), n. The act self-styled our lords.' Tennyson. who voluntarily destroys his own life; a

of reproaching or condemning one's self; Self-subdued (self-sub-düd), a. Subdned suicide. Paley.

the reproach or censure of one's own con by one's own power or means. Shak. Self-neglecting (self-ne-glekt'ing), n. A

science.

Self-substantial (self-sub-stan'shal). a. neglecting of one's self.

Self-reproached (self-re-pröcht), a. Re Composed of one's own substance. Feedest proached by one's own conscience.

thy life's flame with self-substantial fuel.' Self-love, my liege, is not so great a sin As self-reglecting.

Shak.

Self-reproaching (self-ré-proch'ing), a. Shak. (Rare. ]

Reproaching one's self. Self-offence (self'of-fens), n One's own

Self-subversive (self-sub-ver'siv), a. OverSell-reproachingly (self-re-proch'ing-li), turning or subverting itself. offence. Shak. adv. By reproaching one's self.

Self-sufficience (self-suf-fi'shens), n. Same Self-opinion (self-7-pin'yun). n. 1. One's

Self-reproof (self-ré-prof'), n. The reproof own opinion. -2. Exalted opinion of one's

as Self-sufficiency. of one's self: the reproof of conscience. self; overweening estimate of one's self;

Self-sufficiency (self-suf-fi'shen-si), n. The Self-reproved (self-rë-prövd'), a. Reproved state or quality of being self-sufficient: (a) self-conceit.

by consciousness or one's own sense of guilt. inherent fitness for all ends or purposes; Confidence as opposed to modesty, and distin. Self-reproving (self-ré-pröv'ing), a. Re independence of others; capability of workguished from decent assurance, proceeds from self opinion, occasioned by ignorance and flattery proving by consciousness.

ing out one's own ends. The self-suficiency Feremy Collier.

Self-reproving (self-re-pröv'ing), n. Re of the Godhead.' Bentley. (b) An overSelf-opinioned (self-ő-pin'yund),a Valuing proof of one's own conscience; self-reproach. weening opinion of one's own endowments one's own opinion highly. "A bold self Shak.

or worth; excessive confidence in one's own opinioned physician.' South.

Self-repugnant (self-ré-pug'nant), a. Re competence or sufficiency. Self-originating (self-7-rij'i-nät-ing), a. pugnant to itself; self-contradictory; incon

Self-sufficiency proceeds from inexperience. Originating in, produced by, beginning with, sistent. or springing from one's self or itself.

A single tyrant may be found to adopt as incon. | Self-sufficient (self-suf-fi'shent), a. 1. CapSelf-partiality (self-pär-shal'i-ti), n. That sistent and self-repugnant a set of principles, as able of effecting all one's own ends or fulpartiality by which a man overrates his own

twenty could agree upon.

Brougham, filling all one's own desires without the aid worth when compared with others. Lord Self-repulsive (self-ré-pul'siv), a. Repul of others. Kames. sive in or by one's self or itself.

Neglect of friends can never be proved rational Self-perplexed (self-per-plekst), a. Per. | Self-respect (self-rē-spekt), n. Respect for till we prove the person using it omnipotent and self plexed by one's own thoughts. one's self or one's own character.

sufficient, and such as can never need mortal assistSelf-restrained (self-rê-stränd'), a.

ance, Here he looked so self-merplexi,

Re

South That Katie laugh'd.

Tennyson. | strained by itself or by one's own power of 2. Having undue confidence in one's own SELF-SUSTAINED

SEMENCINE

strength, ability, or endowments; haughty; 2. To be sold; as, corn sells at a good price. similare, simulare, to make like, from simioverbearing.

Few writings sell which are not filled with great lis, like. Root same as that of E. same. This is not to be done in a rash and self-sufficient naines.

Addison. 1. Similarity; resemblance; hence, mere manner; but with an humble dependence on divine -To sell out, (a) to sell one's commission in show or make-believe. High words that grace.

Watts.
the army and retire from the service. (b) To

bore semblance of worth.' Milton.-2. ExSelf-sustained (self'sus-tånd), a. Sustained dispose of all one's shares in a company. terpal figure or appearance; exterior, show; by one's seli. Sell (sel), n. An imposition; a cheat; a

form. Sell-taught (self'tat), a. Taught by one's deception; a trick successfully played at Their semblance kind, and mild their gestures were. self, as, a self-taught genius. another's expense. [Slang)

Fairfax Self-thinking (seif' thingk-ing), a. Think

He made his Masque what it ought to be, essentially Sellanders, Sellenders (sellan-derz, selling for one's self, forming one's own opinions

lyrical, and dramatic only in semblance. Macaulay. len-dérz). n. (Fr. solandres. Comp. malanirrespective of others.

dere. À skin disease in a horse's hongh or 3. A form or figure representing something; Our sellinking inhabitants agreed in their ra. pastern owing to a want of cleanliness. likeness; image. tional estimate of the new family. Mrs. S. C. Hall. Sella Turcica (sel'la tur' si-ka), n. [So No more than wax shall be accounted evil

Wherein is stamp'd the semblance of a devil. Shak. Sell-tormenting (self-tor-ment'ing),a, Tor named from its supposed resemblance to a menting one's self or itselt. "Self-torment

Turkish saddle.] A cavity in the sphenoid Semblant + (sem blant), n. Show; figure; ing sin.' Crashau.

bone, containing the pituitary gland, and resemblance. Spenser. Seli-tormentor (self-tor-ment'ér), n. One surrounded by the four clinoid processes. Semblant (sem'blant), a. 1. Like; resemwho torments himself. Selle, n. A cell. Chaucer.

bling. Prior. -2Appearing; seeming rather Sell-torture (self-tor'tür). n. Pain or tor- Selle,t n. A sill; a door-sill or threshold. than real; specious. ture inflicted on one's self; as, the self-tor. Chaucer

Thou art not true; thou art not extant-only sem. ture of the heathen. Selle t (sel), n. (Written also Sell (which blant.

Carlyle. Self-trust (self'trust), n. Trust or faith in see).) 1. A seat; a settle; a throne.

Semblative + (sem'blā-tiv), a. Resembling; one's self; self-reliance. Shak.

Many a yeoman, bold and free,

seeming. Self-view (self'yú), n. 1. A view of one's

Reveli'd as merrily and well

And all is semblative a woman's part.

As those that sat in lordly selle. Sir W. Scott. self or of one's own actions and character.

Shak. 2 Regard or care for one's personal interests. 2. A saddle.

Semblaunt, t Semblant, t n. (Fr.semblant, ] Sell-violence (self-vi'ö-lens). 1. Violence | Seller (sel'er), 1. One who sells; a vender. Seeming; appearance. Chaucer. to one's sell. Young.

To things of sale a seller's praise belongs. Shak. Semble (sem'bl), v.i. (Fr. sembler, to Self-will (self' wil). n. One's own will;

imitate. See SEMBLANCE) 1. To imitate; Selters-water (selt'érz-wa-ter), n. A highlyobstinacy.

to represent or to make similar; to make a prized medicinal mineral water found at Io their anger they slew a man, and in their self-will Nieder-Selters in the valley of the Lahn,

likeness. Where sembling art may carve they digged down a wall. Gen. xlix. 6.

the fair effect.' Prior. 2. In law, used Nassau, Germany. It contains chloride of

impersonally, generally under the abbreviaSelf-willed (sell' wild), a. Governed by sodium, carbonates of magnesium, sodium,

tion sem. or semb. for it seems, and comone's own will; not yielding to the will or and calcium, and a large quantity of free

carbonic acid. Called less correctly Seltzer. wishes of others; not accommodating or

monly prefixed to a point

of law (not necessary to be compliant; obstinate. water.

decided in the case) which Presumptuous are they, self-willed. 2 Pet. ii. 10. Seltzogene (selt'zo-jén), n. Same as Gazo

has not been directly Self-worship (self-wer'ship), n. The idol. gene.

settled, but on which the izing of one's sell. Selvage (sel'vaj), n. See SELVEDGE.

court indicates its opinSelf-worshipper (self-wer'ship-ér), n. One Selvagee (sel-va-jē'), 1. Naut, a skein or

ion. hank of rope-yarn wound round with yarns who idolizes himself.

Semé (sem'ā), a. (Fr., or marline, used for stoppers, straps, &c. Sell-wrong (self'rong), n. Wrong done by

sown. In her, a term emSelvet (selv), a. Self; same; very. Chaucer. a person to himself.

ployed to describe a field Selvedge (selvej), n. (Self and edge; lit, an But lest myself be guilty of self-wrong edge formed of the stuff itself, in opposition

Seme of fleur-de-lis. or charge powdered or I stop mine ears against the mermaid's song. Shak.

strewed over with figures, to one sewed on. Comp. D. zelfkant, zelfegge, Selion (sel'i-on), n. L.L. selio, selionis: Fr.

as stars, billets, crosses, &c. It is also called zelfeinde, L. G. selfkant, selfende, G. selbende, sillon, a ridge, a furrow. A ridge of land lit self-edge, self-end.] 1. The edge of cloth

Powdered. rising between two furrows, of a breadth

Semecarpus (ső-mé - kår' pus), n. (Gr. where it is closed by complicating the sometimes greater, sometimes less.

sēmeion, a mark, and karpos, fruit) A threads; a woven border or border of close Sell + (sel), n. (Also selle, from Fr. selle, L.

small genus of Asiatic and Australian trees, work on a fabric; list. sella, a seat, a saddle.) 1. A saddle.

nat. order Anacardiacere, so named from the Meditation is like the selvedge, which keeps the cloth

remarkable property possessed by the juice What mighty warrior that mote be

from ravelling.

Echard, Who rode in golden sell with single speare. Spenser.

of the fruit, whence it is commonly called 2. Naut, same as Selvagee.-3. The edge-plate

marking nut. They have alternate, simple, Some commentators on Shakspere think of a lock through which the bolt shoots.

leathery leaves, and terminal or lateral pani. that the well-known passage in Macbeth, Selvedged, Selvaged (selvejd, sel'våjd), a. cles of small white flowers. S. Anacardium act i, scene 7, Having a selvedge.

has long been known for the corrosive reI have no spur To prick the sides of my intent, but only

Selves (selvz), pl. of self. Our past selves.' sinous juice contained in the nut. This juice Vaulting ambition which o'erleaps itself Locke.

is at first of a pale milk colour, but when the And fails on the other, Sely (sēli), a Same as Seely.

fruit is perfectly ripe it is of a pure black should read, · Vaulting ambition which o'er

Selyness (sē li-nes), n. (From sely or seely, colour, and very acrid. It is employed in leaps its sell.'-2. A throne; a seat. prosperous.) Happiness. Chaucer.

medicine by the natives of India and to mark Semaphore (sem'a-for), n. (Gr. ma, a A tyrant proad frowned from his lofty sell. Fairfax.

all kinds of cotton cloth. The bark is assign, and phero, to bear.) A kind of tele

tringent, and yields various shades of a brown Sell (sel), 0.t. pret. & pp. sold; ppr. selling. graph or apparatus for conveying informa

dye. A soft, tasteless, brownish-coloured (A. Sax. sellan, syllan, to give, to deliver up; tion by signals visible at a distance, such as

gum exudes from the bark. See MALACCA. LG sellen, Icel. selja, to sell, to deliver; oscillating arms or flags by daylight and lan

Semeiography (sē -mi-og'ra-fi), n. (Gr. Goth, xaljan, to offer, to sacrifice. The ori. terns at night. Many kinds of semaphores

semeion, a mark, a sign, and grapho, to ginal meaning would seem to have been to were in use before the invention of the elec

write.) The doctrine of signs; specifically, give or transfer in a solemn manner.] 1. To tric telegraph, and a simple form is still

in pathol. a description of the marks or transfer, as property, or the exclusive right employed on railways to regulate traffic. -

symptoms of diseases. of possession, to another for an equivalent; Semaphore plant, a name given to Desmo

Semeiological (sē'mi-o-loj''ik-al), a. Relatto give up for a consideration; to dispose of dium gyrans, from the peculiar movements

ing to semeiology or the doctrine of signs; for something else, especially for money. It of its leaves. See DESMODIUM. is correlative to buy, as one party buys what

specifically, pertaining to the symptoms of Semaphoric, Semaphorical (sem-a-forik,

diseases. the other sells, and is now usually distin

sem-a-forrik-al), a. Relating to a semaphore Semeiology (se-mi-ol'o-ji), n. (Gr. sé. guished from exchange or barter, in which or to semaphores; telegraphic.

meion, a mark, a sign, and logos, discourse.) one commodity is given for another: whereas

Semaphorically (sem - a - for'ik-al-li), The doctrine of signs, semeiotics. in selling the consideration is generally adv. By means of a semaphore.

Semeiotic (sē-mi-ot’ik), a. Relating to semoney or its representative in current Semaphorist (se-maf'or-ist), n. One who meiotics; pertaining to signs; specifically, notes has charge of a semaphore.

relating to the symptoms of diseases; sympIf thou wilt be perfect go and sell that thou hast, and Sematology (sē-ma-tol'o-ji), n. (Gr. sēma, tomatic. give to the poor

Mat. xix. 21. sématos, a sign, and logos, discourse.) The Semeiotics (sé-mi-ot’iks), n. [Gr. sēmeion, 2 To make a matter of bargain and sale of: doctrine of signs, particularly of verbal signs,

a mark, a sign.] 1. The doctrine or science to accept a price or reward for, as for a in the operations of thinking and reasoning; of signs; the language of signs.--2. In pathol. breach of duty. trust, or the like; to take a the science of language as expressed by signs. that branch which teaches how to judge of bribe for; to betray. Smart (Rare.]

all the symptoms in the human body, You would have sold your king to slaughter. Shak. Semblable 1 (sem'bla-bl), a. (Fr.) Like;

whether healthy or diseased; symptoma3. To impose upon; to cheat; to deceive; to similar; resembling.

tology; semeiology. belool. (Slang.)

It is a wonderful thing to see the semblable coher. Semeliche,t Semely,t a. Seemly; comely. We could not but laugh quietly at the complete suc

ence of his men's spirits and his.

Shak.

Chaucer. cess of the Rajah's scheme; we were, to use a vulgar Semblablet (sem'bla-bl),n. Likeness; repre Semelyhede,t n. Seemliness; comeliness. please, regularly sold'

W. H. Russell.

sentation; that which is like or represents. Romaunt of the Rose. -To sell one's life dearly, to cause great loss

His semblable is his mirror.

Shak.

Semen (sē'men), n. L., from root of sero, to those who take one's life; to do great inHis semblable, yea, himself Timon disdains. Shak.

to sow. 1. The seed or prolific fluid of male jury to the enemy before one is killed--TO

animals; the secretion of a testicle; sperm. all one up, to sell a debtor's goods to pay his Semblably + (sem'bla-bli), adv. In a similar

2. The seed of plants, or the matured ovule.-creditors manner; similarly,

Semen contra. See SEMENCINE. Sell (nel), . 1. To have commerce; to prac

A gallant knight he was, his name was Blunt ; Semencine (sė'men-sin), n. A strong arotise selling

Semblably furnish'd like the king himself. Shak.

matic, bitter drug. which has long been in I will bay with you, sell with you; but I will not eat | Semblance (sem'blans), n (Fr. semblance. ! much repute as an anthelmintic. It con

Shak from sembler, to seem, to appear, from L. sists of the dried flower-buds of a number

of Pure Dininko By is

SEMESE

SEMINARY

of species of Artemisia. Called also Satonici | Semicircular. A semicircled farthingale.' | Semi-flosculous, Semi-flosculose (sem-iSemen, Semen Contra, Wormseed, &c. Shak.

flos'kû-lus, sem-i-flos'kû-los), a. (Semi, and Semese (sem - ēs'), a. (L. semi, hall, and Semicircular (sem-i-sêr'kû-ler). a. Having L. flosculus, a little flower) In bot. having esus, eaten, from edo, esum, to eat.] Half the form of a half circle. -- Semicircular the corolla split and turned to one side, as eaten. (Rare.)

canals, in anat, the name given, from their in the ligule of composites. No; they're sons of gyps, and that kind of thing, who figure, to three canals belonging to the organ Semi-fluid (sem-i-flū’id), a. Imperfectly feed on the semese fragments of the high table. of hearing, situated in the petrous portion fluid.

Farrar. of the temporal bone, and opening into the semi-formed (sem'i-förmd),a. Half-formed; Semester (sē - mes'ter), n. L. semestris,

vestibule. half-yearly-ser, six, and mensis, month.) A

imperfectly formed; as, a semi-formed crysSemi-circumference (sem'i-sér-kum"Ter. tal. period or term of six months. ens), n. Half the circumference.

Semi-horal (sem-i-hö'ral), a. Half-hourly. Semi (sem'i). (L. semi, Gr. hemi.) A prefix

Semicirque (sem'i-serk), n. A semicircle; a Semi-ligneous (sem-i-lig'ně-us), a Half or signifying half; half of; in part; partially.

semicircular hollow. The semicirque of partially ligneous or woody. In bot, applied The compounds are generally of very obvious wooded hills.' Fraser's Mag.

to a stem which is woody at the base and meaning if the latter parts be known, and

herbaceous at the top, as the common rue, we give only a certain number of them be

Upon a semicirque of turf-clad ground,
The hidden nook discovered to our view

sage, and thyme. low

A mass of rock.

Wordsworth. Semi-liquid (sem-i-lik'wid), a. Hall-liquid; Semi-acid (sem'i-as-id), n, and a. Half-acid; Semicolon (sem'i-ko-lon), n. In gram, and

semi-fluid. sub-acid.

punctuation, the point (:), the mark of a Semi-liquidity (sem'i-lik-wid"'i-ti), n. Semi-amplexicaul (sem'i-am-plek"si-kal),

The pause to be observed in reading or speak. state of being semi-liquid: partial liquidity. a. (L. semi, half, amplector, amplexus, to

ing, of less duration than the colon, and Semilor (sem'i-lor), n. (Prefix semi, half, embrace, and caulis, stem.) Partially am

more than that of the comma. It is used and Fr, l'or, gold.) An alloy, consisting of plexicaul. In bot. embracing the stem half

to distinguish the conjunct members of a five parts of copper and one of zinc, used around, as a leaf.

for manufacturing cheap jewelry, &c. Semi-angle (sem'i-ang-gl), n. The half of a

sentence.

Semi-column (sem'i-kol-um), n. A half co Semilunar (sem-i-lü'ner), a. (Fr. sémiltigiven or measuring angle. lumn.

naire-L. semi, half, and luna, the moon) Semi-annual (sem-i-an'nü-al), a. Half

Semi-columnar (sem'i-ko-lum"ner),a. Like Resembling in form a half-moon. 'A semiyearly. a half column; flat on one side and round

lunar ridge.' N. Grew.- Semilunar cartiSemi-annular (sem-i-an'nü-lér), a. (L.

on the other: a botanical term, applied to lages, in anat. two fibro-cartilages which seini, hall, and annulus, a ring:) Having a stem, leaf, or petiole.

exist between the condyles of the os femoris the figure of half a ring; forming a semi

and the articulate surfaces of the tibia.circle.

Semi - conscious (sem-i-kon'shus), a. Im-
N. Grew.
perfectly conscious. De Quincey.

Semilunar ganglia, in anat. the ganglia Semi - Arian (sem -i -'ri-an), n. (See

Semicopet (sem'i-kop), n. An ancient cleri formed by the great sympathetic nerve on ARIAN.) In eccles. hist. a branch of the Arians, who in appearance condemned the cal garment, being a half or short cloak. its entrance into the abdomen, from which

nerves are sent to all the viscera. Semierrors of Arius but acquiesced in some of

Chaucer. his principles, disguising them under more

lunar notch, in anat. an indentation in the Semi-crystalline (sem-i-kris'tal-in),a. Half

form of a half-moon between the coracoid or imperfectly crystallized. moderate terms. They did not acknowledge

Semicubical (sem-i-kûb'ik-al), a. In conic the Son to be consubstantial with the Father,

process and the superior border of the

scapula. -- Semilunar valves, in anat. the sections, applied to a species of parabola that is, of the same substance, but admitted

defined by this property, that the cubes of three valves at the beginning of the pulhim to be of a like substance with the Father,

the ordinates are proportional to the squares monary artery and aorta : so named from not by nature, but by a peculiar privilege. of the corresponding abscissas. This curve

their half-moon shape. Semi-Arian (sem-i-a'ri-an), a. Pertaining to

is the evolute of the common parabola.

Semilunarv. Semilunate (sem-i-lü'na-ri). Semi-Arianism.

Semicubium, Semicupium (sem-i-kü'bi. sem-i-lü'nāt), a. Semilunar. 'A semilunary Semi-Arianism (sem-i-á'ri-an-izm), n. The doctrines or tenets of the Semi-Arians. um, sem-i-kü'pi-um), n.

form.' Sir T. Herbert.

(L.L., from semi, Semi-attached (sem'i-at-tacht"), a. Partially

half, and cupa, a tun, a cask. A half-bath. Semi-membranous (sem-i-mem'bra-nus), a. attached or united; partially bound by affec

Half or partially membranous. In anat. or one that covers only the lower extremities and hips. (Rare.)

applied to a muscle of the thigh, from the tion, interest, or special preference of any

long flat membrane-like tendon at its upper kind.

Semicylinder (sem-i-sil'in-der), n. Half a
cylinder.

part. It serves to bend the leg. We would have been semi-attached as it were. We

Semi-cylindric. Semi-cylindrical (sem'i. Semi-menstrual (sem-i-men'strö-al), a, (L. would have locked up that room in either heart where

si-lin"drik, sem'i-si-lin"drik-al ). a. the skeleton was, and said nothing about it.

semi, half, and menstrualis, monthly.) Half

Half-
Thackeray.

cylindrical. - Semi-cylindrical leaf, in bot. monthly: specifically, applied to an inequa--Semi-attached house, one of two houses one that is elongated, flat on one side, round

lity of the tide which goes throngh its joined together, but both standing apart on the other.

changes every half-month. from others. Semi - demi - semiquaver (sem'i-dem-i.

Semi-metal (sem'i-met-al), n. In old chem. Semi-barbarian (sem'i-bär- bā" ri-an), a. sem"i-kwă-ver), n. In music, a note

a metal that is not malleable, as bismuth. Half savage; partially civilized, of half the duration of a demi-semi

arsenic, nickel, cobalt, antimony, mangaSemi-barbarian (sem'i-bär-bä"ri-an). n. quaver; the sixty-fourth part of a :

nese, &c. One who is but partially civilized. semibreve.

Semi-metallic (sem'i-me-tal"ik), a PerSemi-barbaric (sem'i-bår-bar'ik), a. Half Semi-detached (sēm'i-dē-tacht'), a. Partly taining to a semi-metal; partially metallic barbarous; partly civilized; as, semi-bar separated : applied to one of two houses

in character. baric display. which are detached from other buildings,

Semi-minim (sem'i-min-im), nn. In music, Semi-barbarism (sem-i-bår bär-izm). n. and joined together by a single party-wall;

a half minim or crotchet. The state or quality of being semi-bar as, a semi-detached villa

Semi-mute (sem'i-mût), a. Applied to a perbarous or half civilized. Semi-diameter (sem'i-di-am"et-ér), n. Half

son who, owing to losing the sense of hearSemi-barbarous (sem - i - bår' ba-rus). a diameter; a radius.

ing, has lost also to a great extent the Half civilized; semi-barbarian; semi-bar Semi-diapason (sem'i-di-a-pä"zon), n. In

faculty of speech, or who, owing to congenibaric. music, an imperfect octave, or an octave

tal deafness, has never perfectly acquired Semibreve (sem'i-brēv), n. In music, a note diminished by a lesser semitone.

that faculty. of half the duration or time of

Semi-dia pente (sem'i-di-a-pen"tē), n. In Semi - mute (sem'i-mût), n. A semi-mute the breve. The semibreve is

music, an imperfect or diminished fifth. person. the measure note by which all Semi-diaphaneity (sem'i-di-a-fa-nē"i-ti), n.

Seminal (sem'in-al), a. (L. seminalis, from others are now regulated. It Half or imperfect transparency. Boyle.

semen, seed. See SEMEN) 1. Pertaining to is equivalent in time to two Semibreve. Semi - diaphanous (sem'i-di-af'an-us), a. seed or semen, or to the elements of reprominims, or four crotchets, or Half or imperfectly transparent. “A semi

duction. - 2. Contained in seed; germinal : eight quavers, or sixteen semiquavers, or diaphanous grey.' Woodward.

rudimental; original. thirty-two demi-semiquavers.

Semi-diatessaron (sem'i-di-a-tes"sa-ron), n. These are very imperfect rudiments of Paradise Semibrieft (sem'i-brēs), n. Same as Semi In music, an imperfect or diminished fourth.

Lost;' but it is pleasant to see great works in their breve.

seminal state, pregnant with latent possibilities of Semi-ditone (sem'i-di-tön), n. In music, a

excellence.

Johnson. Semi-bull (sem'i bul), n. Eccles. a bull minor third issued by a pope between the time of his

-Seminal leaf, the same as Seed-leaf. Semi-diurnal (sem'i-di-er"nal), a. 1. Perelection and that of his coronation. A semi

Seminalt (sem'in-al), n. Seminal state. The taining to or accomplished in half a day or bull has only an impression on one side of twelve hours; continuing half a day.-2. Per

seminals of other iniquities.' Sir T. Browne. the seal. After the consecration the name of

Seminality (sem-i-nal'i-ti), n. The state of taining to or accomplished in six hours. the pope and date are stamped on the re Semi-diurnal arc, in astron. the arc de

being seminal, the power of being produced. verse, thus constituting a double bull

sir T. Browne. scribed by a heavenly body in half the time Semi-calcined (sem-i-kal'sind, a. Half between its rising and setting.

Seminarian, Seminarist (sem-i-na'ri-an, calcined; as, semi-calcined iron.

sem'in-a-rist), n. A member of a seminary; Semi-dome (sem'i-döm), n. Half a dome, Semi-castrate (sem-i-kas' trát), v.t.

specifically, an English Roman Catholic especially as formed by a vertical section. deprive of one testicle.

priest educated in a foreign seminary. Semi-double (sem-i-du'bl), n. An inferior Semi-castration (sem'i-kas-trā"shon), n. or secondary ecclesiastical festival, ranking

Seminarists now come from Rome to pervert souls. Half castration; deprivation of one tes next above a simple feast or bare commemo.

Sheldon, ticle. Sir T. Browne.

Seminary (sem'i-na-ri), n. (Fr. séminaire;

ration. Rev. F. G. Lee. Semi-chorus (sem-i-ko'rus). n. A chorus,

L. seminarium, from seinen, seminis, seed, Semi-double (sem-i-du'bl), a. In bot. having usually short, or part of a chorus, performed

from root of sero, satum, to sow.) 1. A the outermost stamens converted into petals by a few singers.

seed-plot; ground where seed is sown for while the inner ones remain perfect: said Semicircle (sem'i-sér-k]), n. 1. The half of

producing plants for transplantation; a of a flower. a circle; the part of a circle comprehended Semi-fable (sem'i-fa-bl), n. A mixture of

nursery; as, to transplant trees from a semibetween its diameter and half of its circum

nary. Mortimer. -2. The place or original truth and fable; a narrative partly fabulous ference. -2. An instrument for measuring

stock whence anything is brought and partly true. De Quincey. (Rare.] angles; a graphometer.-3. Any body in the Semi-flexed (sem'i-flekst), a Half-bent.

This stratum, ... being the seminary or prompform of a half circle.

tuary, that furnishes forth matter for the formation Semi-floscular (sem-i-flos kū-ler), a. Same

and increment of animal and vegetable bodies. Semicircled (sem'i-sér-kld), a. Same as as Semi-flosculous.

Woodward

SEMINARY

SEMPSTRESS

3. A place of education; any school, academy, Semi-Pelagian (sem'i-pe-la"ji-an), a. Per- Sabian idiom, a corrupted Syriac dialect. college, or university in which young per taining to the Semi-Pelagians or their tenets. (2) Canaanitish comprises the Phoenician sons are instructed in the several branches Semi - Pelagianism (sem'i-pé-lá"ji-an-izm). language, with its dialect the Punic or Car. of learning which may qualify them for n. The doctrines or tenets of the Semi thaginian, and the Hebrew with the Rabtheir future employments.-4. A seminary Pelagians.

binic dialect. (3) Arabic proper, from which priest; a Roman Catholic priest educated Semi-pellucid (sem'i-pel-lū"sid), a. Par. originated the Ethiopian or Abyssinian. in a seminary; a seminarist.

tially pellucid ; imperfectly transparent; Semitism (sem'it-izm), n. A Semitic idiom A while agone, they made me, yea me, to mistake as, a semi-pellucid gem.

or word; the adoption of what is peculiarly an lionest zealous pursuivant for a seminary.

Semi-plantigrade (sem-i-plan'ti-grad), a. Semitic.

8. Fonson. In zool, applied to certain families of mam Semitone (sem'i-tón), n. In music, halt a Seminary (sem'i-na-ri), a. 1. Seminal; be mals, as the Viverridæ or civets, and the tone; an interval of sound, as between mi longing to seed. Seminary vessels.' Dr. Mustelidre or weasels, in which a portion and fa in the diatonic scale, which is only John Smith.-2. Trained or educated in a of the sole of the hind-feet at least is ap half the distance of the interval between foreign seminary: said of a Roman Catholic plied to the ground in walking.

ut (do) and re, or sol and la. A semitone, priest. All jesuits, seminary priests, and Semi - quadrate, Semi - quartile (sem'i- | strictly speaking, is not half a tone, as there other priests." Hallam,

kwod-rat, sem'i-kwar-til), n. (L. semi, and are three kinds of semitones-greater, lesser, Seminatet (sem'i-nat), v. t. pret. & pp. semi quadratus, quadrate, or quartus, fourth.) and natural. mated; ppr. seminating. (L. semino, semi In astrol, an aspect of two planets when Semitonic (semi-i-ton'ik), a Pertaining to natum, to sow. See SEMEN.) To sow; to distant from each other the half of a quad. a semitone; consisting of a semitone or of spread; to propagate. "Doctors, who first rant, or 45 degrees.

semitones. seminated learning.' Waterhouse.

Semiquaver (sem'i-kwā-vér), n. In music, Semi - transept (sem'i-tran-sept), n. The Semination (sem-i-ni'shon), n. (L. semina a note of half

half of a transept or cross aisle. tio, seminationis, from semino. See SEMEN.) the duration of

Semi-transparency (sem'i-trans-pa"ren-si), 1The act of sowing; the act of disseminat the quaver; the

n. Imperfect transparency; partial opaquepg. Evelyn.-2. In bot. the natural disper sixteenth of the

ness. sion of seeds; the process of seeding. The semibreve.

Semiquavers.

Semi-transparent (sem'i-trans-på'rent), a. seeds of plants are dispersed in various ways. | Semiquaver

Half or imperfectly transparent. Some are heavy enough to fall directly to (sem'i-kwa-vér), v. t. To sound or sing in, or | Semi-vitrification (sem-i-vitri-f1-kā"shon). the ground; others are furnished with a as in, semiquavers.

n. 1. The state of being imperfectly vitri. pappus or down, by means of which they With wire and catgut he concludes the day,

fied.-2. A substance imperfectly vitrifed. are dispersed by the wind; while others are

Quay'ring and semiquav'ring care away. Conper. Semi-vitrified (sem-i-vit'ri-fid), a. Halt or contained in elastic capsules, which, burst- Semi-Quietist (sem-i-kwi'et-ist), n. One of imperfectly vitrified; partially converted ing open with considerable force, scatter a sect of mystics who, while maintaining into glass. the seeds.

with the Quietists that the most perfect Semi - vocal (sem'i-vo-kal), a. Pertaining Semined i (sē'mind). a. Thick covered, as state of the soul is passive contemplation, to a semi-vowel; hall-vocal; imperfectly with seeds Her garments blue, and se yet maintains the incompatibility of this sounding. mined with stars.' B. Jonson,

state with any external sinful or sensual Semi-vowel (sem'i-vou-el), n. A half-vowel: Seminiferous (sem-i-nif'er-us), a. (L. semen, action.

a sound partaking of the nature of both a seminis, seed, and fero, to produce.) Seed Semiguintlle (sem'i-kwin-til), n. In astrol. vowel and a consonant; an articulation bearing: producing seed.

an aspect of two planets when distant from which is accompanied with an imperfect Seminific. Seminifcal (sem-i-nif'ik, sem-i. each other half of the quintile, or 36 degrees. sound, which may be continued at pleasure, nif'ik-al), a. (L. semen, seminis, seed, and Semi-recondite (sem-i-rek'on-dit), a. Half as the sounds of l, m, r. Also, the sign refacio, to make.) Forming or producing | hidden or concealed; specifically, in zool. presenting such a sound. seed or semen.

applied to the head of an insect half con Semmit (sem'mit), n. (Perhaps a contr. Seminification (sem'in-if-i-kå"shon), n. Pro cealed within the shield of the thorax.

of Fr. chemisette.) An undershirt, generally pagation from the seed or semipal parts. Semi-septate (sem-i-sep'tåt), a. In bot. half. woollen. (Scotch.) Sir M. Hale. (Rare.)

partitioned; having a dissepiment which | Semnopithecus (sem'no-pi-thēkus),n. (Gr. Seminole (sem'i-nõl), n. and a. (Amer. In does not project into the cavity to which it semnos, august, venerable, and pithékos, an dian, wild, reckless. One of, or belonging belongs sufficiently to cut it off into two ape.) A genus of catarhine or Old World to, a tribe of American Indians, originally separate cells.

apes, having long slender tails, well-devel. a vagrant offshoot from the Creeks. They Semi-sextile (sem'i-seks-til), n. In astrol. oped canine teeth, and tuberculate molars. kave great trouble to the settlers in Georgia an aspect of two planets when they are dis One of the most familiar species, S. Entellus, and Florida, and after a tedious war the tant from each other the half of a sextile, the sacred monkey of the Hindus, is of a remains of the tribe were removed to the or 30 degrees.

grayish or grayish-brown colour, with black Indian territory beyond the Mississippi. Semi-smile (sem'i-smil), n. A half laugh: hands, feet, and face. All the species are Semi-nude (sem'i-nûd), a. Partially nude; a forced grin. A doleful and doubtful seini natives of Asia and Asiatic islands. hall naked. smile of welcome.' Lord Lytton.

Semola, Semolella (sem'o-lä, sem-o-lellä). Semi-nymph (sem'i-nims), n. In entom. the Semisoun,t n. A half-sound; a low or broken n. Same as Semolina. Dymph of insects which undergo a slight tone. Chaucer.

Semolina (sem-o-li'na), n. [It. semolino.) change only in passing to a perfect state. Semi-spheric, Semi-spherical (sem-i-sfer'. A name given to the large hard grains reSemiography (se-mi-ogʻra-), n. Same asik, sem-i-sfer'ik-al), a. Having the figure of tained in the bolting-machine after the fine Semeiography. a half sphere.

flour has been passed through it. It is of Semiological (semi-o-loj"ik-al), a. Same Semi-spinal (sem'i-spi-nal), a. In anat. ap various degrees of fineness, and is often as Semeiological.

plied to two muscles connected with the made intentionally in considerable quanti. Semiology (se-mi-oľo-ji), n. (Gr. sēmeion, transverse and spinous processes of the ver ties, being a favourite food in France, and a sign, and logos, discourse.) Same as Se. tebræ.

to some extent used in Britain for making meiotica.

Semi-steel (sem'i-stel), n. A name given in puddings. See MANNA-CROUP. Semi-opacoust (sem'i-o-på'kus), a. Semi. the United States to puddled steel.

Semoule (sa-möl), n. (Fr.) Same as Semoopaque. Boyle.

Semi-tangent (sem'i-tan-jent), n. In math. lina. Semi - opal (sem-i-o'pal), n. A variety of the tangent of half an arc.

Sempervirent (sem-per-vi'rent), a. (L. semopal not possessing opalescence.

Semite (sem'it), n. A descendant of Shem; per, always, and virens, virentis, flourishSemi-opaque (sem'i-o-pák"), a. Half trans one of the Semitic race. See under SEMITIO. ing. Always fresh; evergreen. parent only; half opaque. Written also Shemite.

Sempervive (seni'per-viv), n. The houseSemi-orbicular (sem'i-or-bik"u-lér), a. Hav. Semite (sem'it), a. Of or belonging to Shem leek. Bacon. See SEMPERVIVUM. ing the shape of a half orb or sphere.

or his descendants. Written also Shemite. Sempervivum (sem-per-vi'vum),n. (L.,from Semi-ordinate (sem-i-ordin-át), n. In conic Semitendinose (sem-i-ten'din-öz), a. In semper, always, and vivus, living. ) A genus sections, see ORDINATE.

anat, applied to a muscle situated obliquely of plants which includes the house-leek. See Semiotic (se-mi-ot'ik), a. Same as Semeiotic. along the back part of the thigh. It assists HOUSE-LEEK. Semiotics (sē-mi-ot'iks), n. See SEMEIO in bending the leg, and at the same time Sempiternal (sem-pi-tér'nal), a. (Fr. semTICS draws it a little inwards.

piternel; L. sempiternus - semper, always, Semi - palmate, Semi - palmated (sem-i. Semitertian (sem-i-ter'shi-an), a. In med. and eternus, eternal.) 1. Eternal in futupalmat, sem-i-palmát-ed), a. In zool. hay. applied to a fever possessing both the char rity; everlasting; endless; having beginning, ing the feet webbed only partly down the acters of the tertian and quotidian inter but no end. toes. mittent. Dunglison.

Those, though they suppose the world not to be Semi - parabola (sem'i-pa-rab'ö-la), n. In Semitertian (sem-i-tér'shi-an), n. A semi eternal, ' a parte ante,' are not contented to suppose math a curve of such a nature that the tertian fever.

it to be sempiternal, or eternal, 'a parte post.' powers of its ordinates are to each other as

Sir M. Hale. Semitic (se-mit'ik), a. Relating to Shem or the next lower powers of its abscissas. his reputed descendants; pertaining to the

2. Eternal ; everlasting; without beginning Semiped (sem'i-ped), n. (Semi, and L pe Hebrew race or any of those kindred to it,

or end. pedis, a foot. In pros. a half-foot. as the Arabians, the ancient Phænicians,

Sempiternity (sem-pi-ter'ni-ti), n. [L. semSernipedal (sem-1-pē'dal), a. In pros. con and the Assyrians. - Semitic or Shemitic

piternitas. See SEMPITERNAL) Future taining a half-foot. languages, an important group or family of

duration without end. "The future eternity Semi - Pelagian (sem'i-pe-la"ji-an), n. In languages distinguished by triliteral verbal

or sempiternity of the world.' Sir M. Hale. Eccles. hist. a follower of John Cassianus, a roots and vowel inflection. It comprises three

Semple (sem'pl), a. Simple; low-born; of monk who, about the year 430, modified branches-Northern, Aramæan, Aramaic or

mean birth: opposed to gentle. (Scotch.) the doctrines of Pelagius, by maintaining Chaldean; Central or Canaanitish; and South

Sempre (sem'prā). (It.) In music, always that race was necessary to salvation, but ern or Arabic. These have been subdivided

or throughout. that, on the other hand, our natural facul as follows:-(1)Aramwan, including Eastern

Sempster (semp'stër), n. A seamster (which ties were sufficient for the commencement and Western Aramæan; the Eastern em

see). of repentance and amendment; that Christ braces the Assyrian, the Babylonian, from He supposed that Walton had given up his busidied for all men; that his grace was equally which several dialects originated, as the

ness as a linen-draper and sempster. Boswell. offered to all men; that man was born free, Chaldaic, the Syro-Chaldaic; and the Sa Sempstress (semp'stres), n. (A. Sax. seameand therefore capable of receiving its in maritan. The Western Aramæan includes stre, a sem pstress, with term. -e88.) A wofluences or resisting them.

the Syriac dialect, the Palmyrene, and the man who lives by needle-work. Swift.

SEMPSTRESSY

30

SENNA

Sempstressy (semp'stres-i), n. See SEAM 3. To impel; to propel; to throw; to cast;
STRESSY.

to hurl; as, this gun sends a ball 2000 yards.
Semuncia (se-mun'si-a), n. [L. semi, half, In his right hand he held a trembling dart
and uncia, the twelfth part of an as.) A Whose fellow he before had sent apart. Spenser.
small Roman coin of the weight of four 4. To commission, authorize, or direct to go
drachms, being the twenty-fourth part of and act.
the Roman pound

I have not sent these prophets, yet they ran. Sent (sen), adv. Since.

Jer. xxiii. 21. Senary (sen'a-ri), a. (L. senarius, from seni. 5. To cause to take place; to cause to come; six each, from sex, six) of six; belonging

to bestow; to inflict. to six; containing six.

He... sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust. Senate (sen'āt),n. (Fr. sénat, from L. senatus,

Mat. v. 45

The Lord shall send upon thee cursing, vexation, from senex, senis, old, aged: Gr. henos, Skr.

and rebuke.

Deut. xxviii, 20. sanas, old.) 1. An assembly or council of citizens invested with a share in the govern

6. To cause to be. "God send him well.'

Shak. ment of a state; as, (a) originally, in ancient

Send her victorious, Rome, a body of elderly citizens appointed

Happy and glorious. National Anthem. or elected from among the nobles of the

7. Before certain verbs of motion, to cause state, and having supreme legislative power,

to do the act indicated by the principal verb. The number of senators during the best

It always, however, implies impulsion or period of the Roman republic was 300. (b) The upper or less numerous branch of a legisla

propulsion; as, to send one packing. ture in various countries, as in France, in the

He flung him out into the open air with a violence

which sent him staggering several yards. Warren. United States, in most of the separate states

Shall we be at once split asunder into innurnerable of the Union, and in some Swiss cantons.

fragments, and sent drifting through indefinite Hence, (c) in general, a legislative body: a

space.

Warren. state council; the legislative department of The royal troops instantly fired such a volley of a government. The crown, the senate, and musketry as sent the rebel horse flying in all directhe bench.' A. Fonblanque. - 2. The gov. tions.

Macaulay. erning body of the University of Cambridge. -To send forth or out, (a) to produce; to It is divided into two houses, named regents put or bring forth; as, a tree sends forth and non-regents. The former consists of branches. (b) To emit; as, flowers send Masters of Arts of less than five years' stand forth their fragrance ing, and doctors of less than two, and is Send (send), v. i. 1. To despatch a message: called the upper house or white-hood house, | to despatch an agent or messenger for some from its members wearing hoods lined with purpose. white silk. All other masters and doctors who See ye how this son of a murderer hath sent to keep their names on the college books are

take away mine head?

2 Ki. vi. 32. non-regents, and compose the lower house 2. Naut, to pitch precipitately into the holor black-hood house, from its members wear low or interval between two waves: with ing black hoods.

sended as pret Senate - chamber (sen’at-chăm-ber), P. A She sended forward heavily and sickly on the long chamber or hall in which a senate assem swell. She never rose to the opposite heave of the bles.

sea again.

Mick. Scott. Senate-house (sen'ät-hous), n. A house in -To send for, to request or require by mes. which a senate meets, or a place of public sage to come or be brought; as, to send for council. Shak.

a physician; to send for a coach. Senator (sen'at-or), n. 1. A member of a Send (send), n. The motion of the waves, senate. In Scotland the lords of session or the impetus given by their motion. are called senators of the college of justice. Sendal (sen'dal), n. (O.Fr. and Sp. cendal, 2. In old English law, a member of the king's sendal, L. L. cendalum, usually derived from council; a king's councillor. Burrill.

Gr. sindön, a fine Indian cloth, from Sindhu, Senatorial (sen-a-to'ri-al).a. 1. Pertaining to the Sanskrit name of the river Indus, whence a senate; becoming a senator; as, senatorial the name India is derived.) A light thin robes; senatorial eloquence.

stuff of silk or thread. Go on, brave youths, till, in some future age,

Sails of silk and ropes of sendal, Whips shall become the senatorial badge

Such as gleam in ancient lore. Longfellow.

T. Wharton. Sender (send'ér), 1. One that sends. Shak. 2. In the United States, entitled to elect a

Senebiera (sen'e-bi-ē"ra), n. [In honour of senator; as, a senatorial district.

John de Senebier, of Geneva, a vegetable Senatorially (sen-a-to'ri-al-li), adv. In a

physiologist.) A genus of plants, nat, order senatorial manner; in a way becoming a

Crucifera; sometimes called Coronopus. S. senator; with dignity or solemnity.

Coronopus (common wart-cress) is a native The mother was cheerful; the father senatorially

of Europe and North America, and was forgrave.

A. Drummond.

merly eaten as a salad. S. didyma is a Senatorian (sen-a-to'ri-an), a. Same as

native of Great Britain, growing on waste Senatorial

ground near the sea. S. nilotica is eaten as Propose your schemes, ye senatorian band,

a salad in Egypt. They are insignificant Whose ways and means support the sinking land.

Fohnson.

weeds with prostrate diffuse stems, finely Senatorioust (sen-a-to'ri-us), a. senatorial. divided leaves, and small white flowers. Senatorship (sen'at-or-ship). n. The office Seneca (sen'ë-ka), n. See SENEGA.

or dignity of a senator. Richard Carew. Seneca-oil (sen'ē-ka-oil), n. A name for
Senatus (se-na'tus), 72. (L) A senate; a { petroleum or naphtha, from its having ori-
governing body in certain universities. ginally been collected and sold by the
Senatus academicus, one of the governing Seneca Indians.
bodies in Scotch universities, consisting of Seneca-root (sen'e-ka-röt), n. See SENEGA.
the principal and professors, and charged Senecio (se-pē'shi-o), n (From L. sener, an
with the superintendence and regulation of old man; the receptacle is naked and re-
discipline, the administration of the uni. sembles a bald head.) A genus of plants,
versity property and revenues, subject to the known by the common names of groundsel
control and review of the university court, and ragwort. See GROUNDSEL, RAGWORT.
and the conferring of degrees through the Senectitude (sē-nek'ti-tüd). n. (L. senectus,
chancellor or vice-chancellor.--Senatus con old age, from senex, old ] Old age. “Senec.
sultum, a decree of the ancient Roman titude, weary of its toils.' H. Miller. (Rare.)
senate, pronounced on some question or Senega, Seneka (sen'e-ga, sen'é-ka), n. A
point of law.

drug consisting of the root of a plant called Sencet (sens), n. Sense; feeling; sympathy. also senega, seneca, and rattlesnake-root, of Spenser.

the genus Polygala, the P. Senega, a native Send (send), v. t. pret. & pp. sent; ppr, send. of the United States. The drug is said to ing. [A. Sax. sendan, to send, pret ic sende, have been used as an antidote to the effects I gent: 0. Fris., Icel, senda, Dan. sende, D.

of the bite of the rattlesnake. It is now zenden, G. senden, Goth, sandjan, to send, almost exclusively used in cough mixtures, lit. to make to go; Goth. sinthan, to go,

being similar in its effects to squill. See from sinths, A. Sax. sith, a path; cog. Skr.

POLYGALA.
sadh, to go.] 1. To cause to go or pass from Senegal (sen'ê-gal). See GUM-SENEGAL
one place to another; to despatch.

Senescence (sé-nes' sens), n. [L. senesco,
God

from senex, old. The state of growing old; Thither will send his winged messengers

decay by time. On errands of supernal grace. Milton.

The earth and all things will continue in the state 2. To procure the going, carrying, transmis wherein they now are, without the least senescence or sion, &c., of; to cause to be conveyed or

decay.

Woodward, transmitted.

Senescent(sē-nes'sent),a. Beginning to grow (He) sent letters by posts on horseback,

old. Now as the night was senescent.' E. Est. viii. 10. A. Poe.

Seneschal (sen'es-shal), (Fr. sénéchal, 0.Fr. seneschal, LL. senescallus, senescal. cus, O. G. senescalh-sene, old=L. senex, and scale, scalh, a servant (seen also in mar shal). An officer in the houses of princes and dignitaries, who has the superintend ence of feasts and domestic ceremonies; a steward. In some instances the seneschal was an officer who had the dispensing of justice.

Seneschal is a word rarely used except by persons who affect a kind of refinement of style, which they think is attained by using words of exotic growth rather than words the natural growth of their own soil. In poetry and romance writing it is sometimes used for a principal officer in the household of distinguished persons, when it is thought that the word steward would be too familiar. Penny Cyclopedia. Seneschalship (sen'es-shal-ship), n. The

office of seneschal. Senget ut. To singe. Chaucer. Sengreen (sen' grēn), 7. [G. singrin, a plant, as periwinkle-sin, a root, signifying strength, force, duration, and grün, green.) A plant, the house-leek, of the genus Sempervivum. Senile (sē'nil), a. (L senilis, from senex, old. See SENATE.) Pertaining to old age; proceeding from age; especially pertaining to or proceeding from the weaknesses usually accompanying old age; as, senile garrulity; senile drivel. 'Senile maturity of judgment.' Boyle.

Loss of colour of the hair may be accidental, premature, or senile.

Copland. Senility (sē-nil'i-ti), n. The state of being

senile; old age. Boswell. Senior (sē'ni-er), a. [L. senior, compar, of senex, old.) 1. More advanced in age; older: elder: when following a personal name, as John Smith, senior (usually contracted senr. or sen.), it denotes the eldest of two persons in one family or community of that name. - 2. Higher or more advanced in rank, office, or the like; as, a senior pastor, officer, member of parliament, &c.Senior wrangler. See WRANGLER, Senior (se'ni-er), n. 1. A person who is older than another; one more advanced in life.

He (Pope) died in May, 1944. about a year and a half before his friend Swift, who, more than twenty years his senior, had naturally anticipated that he should be the first to depart.

Craik. 2. One that is older in office, or whose first entrance upon an office was anterior to that of another; one prior or superior in rank or office.-3. A student in the fourth year of the curriculum in American colleges; also, one in the third year in certain professional seminaries.-4. An aged person; one of the oldest inhabitants. A senior of the place replies.' Dryden. Seniority (sé-ni-or'i-ti), n. 1. State of being senior; superior age; priority of birth; as, he is the elder brother, and entitled to the place by seniority. -2. Priority or superiority in rank or office; as, the seniority of a pastor or an officer. - 3. An assembly or court consisting of the senior fellows of a college.

The dons were not slow to hear of what had happened, and they regarded the matter in so serious a light, that they summoned a seniority for its immediate investigation.

Farrar. Seniorizet (sēn'i-er-iz), v.i. To exercise lordly authority; to lord it; to rule. Fair. fax. Senioryt (sēn'yér-i), n. Same as Seniority.

If ancient sorrow be most reverent,

Give mine the benefit of seniory. Shak. Senna (sen'na), n. (Ar. send, senna.] The leaves of various species of Cassia, the best of which are natives of the East. The British Pharmacopeia recognizes two kinds of senna, the Alexandrian and the Tinnevelly. Alexandrian senna (Senna Alexandrina) consists of the lance-shaped leaflets of C. lanceolata and the obovate ones of C. obovata, carefully freed from the flowers. pods. and leaf-stalks. It is grown in Nubia and Upper Egypt, and imported in large bales from Alexandria. It is liable to be adulterated by an admixture of the leaves, flowers, and fruit of the argel (Solenostemma Argel). Tinnevelly or East Indian senna (Senna Indica) is a very fine kind, and consists of the large lance-shaped leaflets of C.elongata. The leaflets of C. obovata are from their shape called also blunt-leaved senna, and from their place of export Aleppo senna. The true senna leaves are distinctly ribbed and thin, and generally pointed, and are readily distinguished from the leaves of argel by their unequally oblique base and

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