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TAKE

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TAKE

forcible motive to a good life, because taken from this consideration of the most Lasting happiness .md misery. TilloUon.

27. To enter into possession of by hiring, renting, or leasing; as, to take a house; to take a pew or a box for the year; to take a farm. —28. To conduct; to lead; to convey; to transport; to carry; as, to take one home; he was taken to prison; to be taken by railway or steamer to London. 'Take the stranger to my house, and with you take the chain.' Sliak. 29. Not to refuse or balk at; to leap: to clear; as, that horse taken his fences or his ditches gallantly. 'Tocudgel you and make you take the hatch.' Shak.

30. To place one's self in; to occupy; to sit or stand in; as, take your places; take your seats; the president took the chair at eight.

31. To deal; to give; to strike; to deliver, as a cuff or blow. * I will take thee a box on the ear.' Shak,—Take, with the sense of do, -make, produce, obtain, u«<, &c., is often coupled with a noun, so that both are equivalent to a single verb; as, to take breath; to take effect; to take hold; to take leave; to take the liberty; to take notice; and the like. — To take aback, to surprise or astonish, especially in au abrupt, disappointing, and unpleasant way; to confound; as, his impudence took me fairly aback.To take advantage of, (a) to use any advantage offered by; to make opportune use of and profit or benefit by; as, to take advantage of the favouring breeze or of the fine weather. (6) To catch or seize by surprise or cunning; to make use of favourable circumstances to the prejudice of; as, to take the advantage of a person's good-nature, weakness, confidence, or the like. — To take adieu, to bid adieu or farewell; to take leave. 'We took our last adieu.' Tennyson.—To take aim, to direct the eye or weapon; to aim.

Clipid all arm'd; a certain aim he toot'

At a fair vestal throned by the west. Shak.

—To take air, to be divulged or made public; to become known; to he disclosed, as a secret.

The cabal, however, began to take air from the premature mutinous language of those concerned. Sir It'. Scott —To take the air, to take an airing, to walk, drive, or stay in the open air for the sake of the health— To take arm*, or take upanne, to commence war or hostilities. 'To take arms against a sea of troubles, and,by opposing, end them.' Shak. To take away, to remove; to set aside; to make an end of.

If we tike away consciousness of pleasure and pain it will be hard to know wherein to place personal identity. Locke. By your own law I take your life away. Dryden.

—To take a ball, in cricket, to strike ordrive a ball with the bat, as opposed to blocking, or stopping it, or the like.

He blocked the doubtful balls, missed the bad ones, took the good ones, and sent them flying to all parts of the field. Dickens.

—To take breath, to stop, as from labour or exertion, in order to breathe or rest; to rest, refresh, or recruit one's self after fatigue.

Before I proceed I would take some breath. Bacon.

—To take care, to be watchful, vigilant, or careful; to be wary; to be thoughtful or cautious; as, take care and be not deceived.—To take eare of, to have the eharge or care of; to superintend; to keep watch over; as, to take eare of one's health, property, or children.

Old Mr. Lowndes, the famous secretary of the Treasury in the reigns of King William. Queen Ann. and King George I., used to say. fti4r<7rrY<ythe pence and the pounds will take care ^themselves. Chesterfield.

To take chance, or one'a chance, to submit to hazard; to run the risk. 'You must take your chance.' Shak. 'Wilt take thy chance with me?" Shak,—To take down, (o) to bring or remove from a higher to a lower place or position; hence, to conquer; to humble; to abase. Take down their mettle, keep them lean and bare. Dryden. Lacquers were never so saucy and pragmatical as now, and he should be glad to sec them taken down. Addison.

(6) To swallow; as, to take down medicine, (c) To pull down; to pull to pieces: to reduce to separate parts; as, to take down a house, a clock, or the like, (d) To put in writing; to write down; to record; as, to take down a sermon in shorthand; to take down a visitor's addresB; to -take down a witness's statement—-To take earth, in foxhunting, to escape into its hole: said of the fox; hence..#7. to hide or conceal one's self.

Follow yonder fellow, and see where he takes earth. Sir It'. Scott.

To take effect, (a) to be efficacious: to have the intended or natural effect or influence; as, the poison took effect immediately, (b) To come into operation or action; as, the law will not take effect till next year.—To take farewell. Same as To take adieu or Totakeleave. Tennyson— To take the field, to commence the operations of a campaign; hence, fig. to occupy or step into a position of activity, as an opponent, rival, competitor, and the like. —To take fire, to become ignited or inflamed; to begin to burn or blaze; hence, fig. to become highly excited, as with anger, love, enthusiasm, or other strong feeling—To take from,(a) to remove from. (6) To subtract or deduct from; as, to take three from six.—To take heart, to become brave, courageous, or confident.

Footprints that perhaps another, . . .
Seeing, shall take heart again. Longfellow.

—To take to heart, to be keenly or deeply affected by; to feel sensibly; as, to take a reproach or disappointment to heart; he took the disgraceful exposure Bo much to heart that he left the country.—To take heed, to be careful or cautiouB. * Take heed lest passion sway thy judgment.' Milton. Take heed what doom against yourself you give. Dryden.

—To take heed to, to attend to with care.

I will take heed to my ways, tliat 1 sin not with my tongue. Fi, uzix. i.

—To take hold, to seize; to grasp; to obtain possession; to gain control or power over: followed by of before the object; sometimes formerly by on.

Fangs and sorrow shall take hold rf them. Is. xiii. 8. Judgment and justice take hold on thee.

Job xxxvi. 17. Horatio . . . will not let belief take hold ofhim. Shak. Not doth the general care take hold on me. Shak.

To take horse, to mount and ride ahorse or horses.

Then linger not, roy lord; away, take horse. Shak.

—To take in, (a) to receive, admit, or bring into one's house, company, or the like; to entertain.

I was a stranger, and ye too* me in. Mat.xxv.35.

(6) To inclose, fence, or reclaim, as land.

Upon the sea-coast are parcels of land that would pay well for the taking in. Mortimer.

(c) To encompass or embrace; to comprise; to include; to comprehend.

This love of our country takes in our families, friends, and acquaintance. Addison.

(d) To reduce or draw into a less compass; to make less in length or width; to contract; to brail or furl, as a sail.

Mrs. Stanhope had been obliged to have every one of her dresses taken in from the effect of her journey. Trollop*.

(e) To give admission to; to allow to enter or penetrate; as, a leaky ship takes in water. '_")To receive into the mind or understanding; to admit the truth of; as, we won't take that story in.

Some genius can take in a long train of propositions, fv'atts.

(f/)t To win or gain by conquest; to capture. 'To take in a town with gentle words.' Shak. 'Mused of taking kingdoms in.' Shak.

Should a great beauty resolve to take me in with the artillery of her eyes, it would be as vain as for a thief to set upon a new-robbed passenger.

Suckling.

(h) To circumvent; to cozen; to cheat; to deceive; as, he was completely taken in by a sharper. [Colloq.] (i) To receive regularly; to be a subscriber to, as a newspaper or periodical.

He was in the habit of taking- in two French provincial newspapers. //*. Collins.

—To take in hand, to undertake to manage; to attempt to execute.

Nothing would prosper that they took in hand. Cttirendon,

—To take in vain, to use or utter unnecessarily, carelessly, or profanely, as an oath.

Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain. Ex. xx. 7.

—To take leave, (a) to bid farewell; to depart.

But haw to take last leave of all 1 loved?

Tennyson.

(o) To permit to one's self; to use a certain degree of license or liberty; as, I take leave to deny that—To take the liberty of, to take liberties with. See LIBERTY.—TV* take notice, (a) to regard or observe with attention; to watch carefully; to give some attention to. (6) To show by some act that

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observation is made; to make remark; to mention.

He took notice to his friends of the king's conduct. jfohnson.

—To take oath, to swear judicially or with solemnity. *W'e take all oath of secrecy.' Bacon.—To take oath 0/, to administer an oath to. 'She, first taking au oath of them for revenge.' Shak.— To take off, («) to remove or lift from the surface, outside or top; as, to take off the clothes; to take off one's hat or shoes. (6) To remove to a different place; to carry or transfer to another place; as, take o/the prisoner to jail; take yourself off. (c) To remove or put an end to so as to deprive one of. 'Your power and yourcommand is taken off.' Shak. 'Whose lif e she had toVnojT by poison.' Shak. (rf)To put to death; to Kill; to make away with. •Whose execution takes your enemy off.' Shak. (c) To invalidate; to lessen or weaken; to destroy.

This takes not off the force of our former evidence. Stillingleet.

(J) To deduct from; as, this sum is taken off his salary; to take a penny off the incometax.

The justices decreed to takeoff* halfpenny in n ■mart from the price of ale. Swift.

(a) To withdraw; to withhold; to call or draw away.

Keep foreign ideas from taking off out minds from its present pursuit. Locke.

(A) To swallow; to drink out 'The moment a man takes off his glass.' Locke. (») To make a copy of, to reproduce. 'Take off nil their models in wood.' Addison. 0") To mimic; to imitate, as in ridicule; to personate; to caricature; to make game of: as, the mimic takes off that proud strutting fellow to the life. (*) To purchase; to take in trade.

The Spaniards have no commodities that we will take off. Locke.

(f) To find place for; to dispose of.

More are bred scholars than preferments can take off- Bacon.

To take on, or upon, to undertake the charge, performance, responsibility, etc., of; to assume; to appropriate; to bear.

Ye take too much upon you. seeing all the congregation are holy. Num. xvi. 3. The office Becomes a woman best; I'll take't upon me.

Dryden. She loves me, ev'n to suffer for my sake; And on herself would my refusal take. Dryden.

—To take order,i to exercise authority; to take measures. — To take order with.i to check; to restrain. 'He was taken order with before it came to that' Bacon. —To take out, (a) to remove from within a place, or from a number of other things; as, to take an invalid out for a walk; to take one out of difficulties. (6) To remove by cleansing or the like; as, to take out a stain, a blot, or the like, (e) To put away; to cause to be no longer operative; to put an end to; as, to take the pride or nonsense out of a youngster; to take the fighting or the strength out of one; running takes the wind out of him.

(d) To obtain or accept as an equivalent; as, he took the amount of the debt out in goods.

(e) To procure for one's self; to get drawn up and issued for one's own use; as, to take out a patent, a summons, or the like. —To take it out of a person, to exact or compel satisfaction or an equivalent from him: as, he pays him well, but takes it out of him in hard work; he cheated me, but I took tt out of him in blows.— To take paitts, to use all one's skill, care, and the like.—To take part in, to slime; to partake of; as, take part in our rejoicing.— Take part with, to join or unite with.— To take one's part, to espouse ones cause; to defend one. — To take place, (a) to happen; to come to pass; as, the event took place a week ago; the performance takes place at seven o'clock. (.'/> To have effect; to prevail.

Where arms take place all other pleas are vain.
Dryden.

—To take root, (a) to form or strike a root,
as a plant 'Unwholesome weeds take root
with precious flowers." Sliak. (0) To be-
come firmly fixed or established. 'I have
seen the foolish taking root.' Job v. 3.—To
take stock. See STOCK. — To take time, (a)
to act without haste or hurry, and with due .
deliberation; hence, to be in no haste or
excitement; to be patient; to wait with
calmness; as, be cautious and take time.
(6) To require, demand, or necessitate a
portion or period of time; as. it will take
some time to learn that—To take tent, to

TAKE

take heed; to be careful or cautious. Sir W. Scott.—To take thouaht, to be solicitous or anxious * Take no thought for your life.' Mat. vi. 25. —To take up, (a) to lift; to raise. 'Take her up tenderly, lift her with care.' Hood. (6) To obtain on credit.

Men, for want of due payment, arc forced to take up the necessaries of life at almost double value.

StLtfl.

(c) To begin.

They shall take up a lamentation for thee.

ILcck. xxvl. 17.

(d) To bring or gather together; to fasten or bind; as, to take up the ravelled threads, (r) To begin where another left off; to keep up in continuous succession.

Soon as the evening shades prevail.
The moon lakes up the wondrous tale.

Addison, (/) To preoccupy; to occupy; to engross; to engage; to employ. 'Religion taken up his whole time.' Locke. 'The place is taken up before.' Dry den. 'The buildings about took up the whole space.' Sir W. Temple. 'Princes were taken up with wars.' Sir W. Temple. 'An artist now taken up with this invention.' Addison, (g) To seize; to catch; to arrest; as, to take up a thief or a vagabond. 'I was taken up for laying them down.' Shak. (A) To answer by reproof; to reprimand.

One of his relations took him ufi roundly for stooping so much below the dignity of his profession.

Sir B. L Estrange.

(1) To carry on or manage; to undertake; to charge one's self with; as, to take up a friend's cause or quarrel. (J) To arrange or settle; to bring to an end.

• Let him let the matter slip, and I'll give him my horse.' ... 'I have his horse to taken/ thequarrcl.' Shak.

(k) To believe; to admit 'The ancients took up experiments on credit.' Bacon. (I) To enter upon; to adopt 'Lewis Baboon had taken up the trade of clothier.' Arbuthnot. (m) To pay and receive; as, to take up a bill or note at the bank—To take up arm*. Same as To take arms.—To take upon. Same as To take on.—To take with,

(a) to accept or have as a companion; as, he took his brother with him on a journey or In a partnership, (b) To be clear and explicit, as with another person, so that he can follow aud understand. 'Sof11 take me with you.' Shak.

Take(tak), r.t. l.Tomoveordirect the course; to resort to or to attach one's self; to betake one's self; as, the fox being hard pressed, took to the hedge.

The defluxion taking to his breast, wasted his lungs. Bacon.

2. To gain reception; to please; as, the play will not take unless it is set off with proper scenes.

Each wit may praise it for his own dear sake.
And hint he writ it, if the thing should take.

.Addison.

3. To have the intended or natural effect.

In impressions from mind to mind, the impression t,i kef ft. Haion.

4. To catch; to fix or be fixed; as, he was inoculated, but the Infection did not take.

When name taktth and openeth, it givcth a noise.
Bacon.

6. To admit of being represented in a photograph; to admit of a picture being made; to have the quality of being capable of being

fihotographed; to have the quality of coning out; as, my face does not take welL—To take after, (a) to learn to follow; to copy; to imitate; as, he take* after a good pattern. (6) To resemble; as, the son takes after his father. — To take from, to derogate or detract from.

It takes not from you that you were born with principles of generosity. Drydtn.

—To take on, (a) to be violently affected; to grieve; to mourn; to fret; as, the child takes on at a great rate, (6) To assume a character; to act a part 'I take not 071 me here as physician.* Shak.—To take to, (a) to become fond of; to become attached to; as, to take to books; to take to evil practices.

If he does but take to you, . . . you will contract a great friendship with him. H. H'atfole.

(b) To resort to; to betake to.

Men of learning who take ta business, discharge It generally with greater honesty than men of I he world.

Addison. To take up, (a) to stop.

Sinners at last take up and settle in a contempt of all religion. Tiilotson.

(6)t To reform.

This rational thought wrought so effectually, that it made him take up, and from that time prove a good husband. Locke.

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To take up with, (a) to be contented to receive; to receive without opposition; to put up with; as, to take up with plain fare.

In affairs which may have an extensive influence on our future happiness, we should not take up with probabilities. II alts.

(b) To lodge with; to dwell with; to associate with.

Are dogs such desirable company to take up with I

South. —To take with, to please; to be favourably regarded by.

Our gracious master is a precedent to his own subjects, and seasonable mementos may be useful: and, being discreetly used, cannot but take well -with him. Baton.

Take (tak), n. 1. The quantity of anything taken or received; receipts; catch, especially the quantity of fish taken at one haul or catch or upon one cruise.

They (ladies holding stalls at a charity bazaar) make merchandise of their smiles, and drive a roaring trade in their cartes-de-vistte and autographs, with miserable little coat bouquets made up and fastened in by their own hands, and sold at prices more like the current rates of El Dorado than of London; so that their take soon swells beyond their neighbours' and rivals* Saturday Rev.

2. In printing, the quantity of copy taken in haud by a compositor at one time. Take-in (tak-inO, n. 1. A fraud; a cheating act; imposition. [Colloq.]

The correspondent, however, views the whole performance as a take-in. Saturday Rev.

2. The party cheating. [Colloq.]

TakeLt 11. [SeeTackle.] An arrow. Chaucer.

Taken (tak'n). pp. of take.

Take-off (tak'of), n. Au imitation of a person , especially by way of caricature. [Colloq ]

Taker (Uk'er), n. 1. One that takes or receives; one who catches or apprehends; one that sulHlues aud causes to surrender; as, the taker of captives or of a city. Specifically—2. One who takes a bet

(The reputation of the horse) made the betting j to i on him; but takers were not wanting, calculating on the horse'!> truly Satanic temper. Lawrence.

Taking (tak'ing), p. and a. 1. Alluring; attracting; engaging; pleasing. 'Subtile in making his temptations most taking.' Fuller.—2. Infectious; catching; as, the itch is very taking. [Colloq]

Come not near me.
For I am yet too taking for your company.

Beau. &■ FL

Taking (tak'ing), n. 1. The act of gaining possession; a seizing; seizure; apprehension. 2. Agitation; distress of mind.

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.'it Malignant influence.

Bless thee from whirlwinds, star-blasting, and taking. Shak.

Takingly (tak'ing-li), adv. In a taking or attractive manner. 'So I shall discourse in some sort takingly.' Beau. <fc Fl.

Takingness (tak'ing-nes), n. The quality of pleasing or of being engaging. 'Complaisance and takingness.' Jcr. Taylor.

Taky (tak'i), a. Capable of taking, captivating, or charming; designed to attract notice and please; taking; attractive. [Slang or colloq.]

He now proceeded to perform by one great effort those two difficult and delicate operations in art, technically described as putung in taky touches, and bringing in bits of effect. 14'. Col/ins.

Talapoln, Telapoin(tal'a-poin, tel'apoin),
n. l. The title, in Siam, of a priest of Fo;
a bonze. 'Oriental mullah, bonze, or tala-
poin.' Carlyle—2. A species of monkey,
the Cercopithecus tala-
poin.

Talaria (ta-la'ri-a). n. pi.
11.! The small wings
attached to the ankles of
Hermes or Mercury in
representations of this
deity. They sometimes
appear as growing from
the ankle, more com-
monly as attached to
sandals, one on each side
of each ankle.

Talbot (tal'bot), n. [Probably from the Talbot family, who bear the figure of a dog in their coat of arms ] A kind of hound, and probably the oldest of our slow-hounds. He had a broad mouth, very deep chops, very long and large pendulous ears, was fine coated and usually pure white. This was the hound formerly known as St Hubert's breed, and it is probably the origin of the bloodhound.

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Talaria.

TALE

Talbotype (tal'bo-tip), n. A photographic process invented by H. Fox Talbot, in which paper, prepared in a particular maimer, is used instead of the silvered plates of I>aguerre. Called also Calotyj e (which seel

Talc (talk), n. [Fr. talc; 8p. and Pg. talcn, from Ar. talq, talc] A magnesian mineral, consisting of broad, flat, smooth lamina? or

filates, unctuous to the touch, of a shining ustre, translucent and often transparent when in very thin plates. By the action of fire the laminsc open a little, the fragment swells, and the extremities are with difficulty fused into a white enamel. When rubbed with resin talc acquires positive electricity. Its prevailing colours are white, apple-green, and yellow. There are three principal varieties of talc, common, earthy, and indurated. Talc is a silicate of magnesium, with small quantities of potash, alumina, oxide of iron, and water. It hi used in many parts of India and China as a substitute for window - glass; indurated talc is used for tracing lines on wood, cloth, etc., instead of chalk. Talc is met with iu several parts of Scotland, chiefly in connection with serpentine, and on the Continent Several varieties are found in India and Ceylon. Oil of talc, a name given by old writers to an alchemical nostrum famous as a cosmetic, considered as a substitute for and superior to ceruse. It was given out to be prepared from talc by calcination and other processes, and it is probable that the unctuous feel of that mineral may have induced the belief that it contained an oilHe should have brought me some fresh oil eftalc. These ceruses are common. Massingrr.

Talclte (tal'sitX n. In mineral, same as Saerite (which seel.

TalCky, Talcy (talk'i), c. Same as Talcum.

Talcose, TalCOUS (talk'da, talk'us). a. Like talc; consisting of talc; containing talc.— Talcose granite. See PROTOOESE— Tateese rocks, rocks resembling the micaceous rocks, aud comprising chlorite-slate, talc-slate, and serpentine.

Talc-schist (talk'shist), n. In mineral a schistose metamorphic rock, consisting of quartz and talc, foliated and more or less crumpled, and having a greasy or sospy feel. It Is commonly associated with mica-schist serpentine, and steatite.

Talc-slate (talk'slat), n. A talcose rock, consisting of talc and quartz arranged iu 1 ami me.

Tale (till), n. [Two words closely akin in origin seem to be mixed up here, one meaning speech, talk, Ac. the other numWr, reckoning; A.Sax. talc, talu, speech, voice, talk, a tale, and tal, tal, reckoning, number; comp. led. tal, talk, conversation, a number, tola, a speech, a number, and as verb to speak, to talk; Dan. tal, number, fair, speech, talk, discourse, also to talk; D. tal, number, taal, language, Bpeech. 6. rahl. number; from the stem of talk, tell] 1. That which is told; as,(a) an oral relation; hence, anything disclosed; information.

Wc spend our years as a tale that is told. FLit.a Every tongue brings in a several tale. And every tale condemns me for a villain. Sh*:k. I can tell thee pretty tales of the duke. Shak.

(6) A narrative, oral or written, in prose or verse, of events that have really happened or are imagined to have happened; a short story, true or fictitious; aa, a winter's taU; a tale of woe.

Ay me! for aught that I could ever read.

Could ever hear by tale or history.

The course of true love never did run smooth.

Shak.

2. A number or quantity told, reckoned, estimated, or set down; especially,* reckoning by counting or numbering; an enumeration; a number reckoned or stated. 'The ignorant, who measure by taU, not weight. Hooker. 'She takes thetaJeof all the lamb*.' Dryden.

Money being the common scale

Uf things by measure, weight, and tale.

NudO-ras.

This is almost certainly the meaning in Milton's—

And every shepherd tells his tale

Under the hawthorn in the dale. L'AiUgro, ©?. e&

where the poet is speaking of the various sights and sounds characteristic of morning S-t In law, a count or declaration.— His tale is told. Jig. his race is run; it is all over with him; he is no more. W. H. Ainsieorth.— —Desperate tale. See extract

Much in the same way Henry discharged Wolsry s obligations, when he seized the cardinal's propert-*-. paying off the unfortunate debtors by 'desptrwmt TALE

tales;' that is.-by bonds due to the crown, but long since abandoned as hopeless—a method of paying piKxl debts by bad ones; a stroke of finance more to bt admired than imitated. Quart. Rev.

Talet (tal), v i To tell stories. Gower. Tale (tal), n Same as Tael (which Bee). Talebearer (tal'bar-er), n. A person who

officiously tells tales likely to breed mischief;

one who carries stories and makes mischief

in society by his officio usne&s.

Where there is no talebearer, the strife ceaseth.
Prov. xxvi. 20.

Talebearing (tal'baring), a. Olliciously
communicating Information.
Talebearing (tal'bar-ing), n. The act of
spreading tales officiously; communication
ut secrets maliciously.

Tuaothy was extremely officious about their mistress's person, endeavouring by flattery and taltbeartttg, to set her against the rest of the servants.

Arbuthnot.

Taled (tiled), n A sort of habit worn by the Jews, especially- when praying in the

Vvnagogue.
Taleful (tal'ful). a- Abounding with stories.

The cottage hind . . . taleful there
Recounts Ins simple frolic. Thomson.

Talegalla (tale-galla). n. [Native name.] Agenus of rasorial birds, the species of which are natives of Australia and New Guinea. The best known is the Brush-turkey (which see).

Tale-mastert (tal'mas-ter), n. The author or originator of a tale.

1 teli you my tale and my tale master. Fuller.

Talen,t pres. tense pi. of tale, v.i. Chaucer. Talent (tal'eut), «. [Fr. talent, L. talentum, from Gr. UUanton, a thing weighed, a balance, from obs. talad, to bear, kindred with Skr. ruM, a balance, from tul, to lift up, to raise up; a root which appears also in I. toUo, tub*, to lift up; Goth, thula, and O E. and Sc. thole, to bear, to suffer.] 1. The name of a weight and denomination of money among the ancient Greeks, and also applied by Greek writers and their translators to various standard weights and denominations of money of different nations; the weight and value differing In the various nations and at various times The Attic talent as a weight contained 60 Attic niinte, or 0000 Attic drachmae, equal to 50 lbs. 11 oz. English troy weight. As a denomination of silver money it was equal to £243.15*. The great talent of the Romans is computed to be equal to £99, 6s. Sd. sterling, and the little talent to £75 sterling. A Hebrew weight and denomination of money, equivalent to 3000 shekels, also receives this name. As a weight, therefore, it was equal to about 93] H*. avoirdupois; as a denomination of ailrer it has been variously estimated at from £340 to £390. the higher value being that given by the latest authorities.—2. A gift, endowment, or faculty; some peculiar faculty, ability, or qualification natural or acquired. 'Wit, knowledge, or any other talent whatsoever.' Addison.

He a chiefly to be considered in his three different tiltnts, as a critic, a satirist, and a writer of odes.

_ Drydeu.

The mow necessary talent, therefore, in a man of conversation, which is what we ordinarily intend by a iae gentleman, is a jjood judgment. Steele.

S. Mental endowments or capacities of a superior kind; general mental power: used in this sense either in singular or in plural: as, a man of talents; a man of great talent. This and the previous application of the word are probably borrowed from the Scriptural paraide of the talents. Mat xxv. 'The aristocracy of talent' Coleridge. 'All the real talent and resolution in England/ Hmkin. Like other men of talent, Fielding was unfortunate

„. Sir If. Scott.

His talents, his accomplishments, his graceful manners made him generally popular. Macaulay.

41 Quality; character; characteristic.

Lord Rake and Lord Foplinglon give you 'theii l*Uttt\n their bile. Jeremy Collier.

M Disposition; inclination.

Though the nation generally was without any ill talent to the church in doctrine or discipline, yet they »ere not without a jealousy that popery was not enough disco untenanted. Clarendon.

M Desire; affection;will. Chaucer.—Ability, Capacity, Talent. See Ability: Qenius, AbilitU*, Talents, Arc. See Genius. Talented (tal'ent-ed). a. Furnished with talents or great mental powers; possessing talents or endowments. [This word, aa shown by the first quotation below, was introduced long ago, but seems not to have heeu in common use till quite recent times.

301

Coleridge and others have strongly objected to it (the former calling it * a vile and barbarous vocable), but without any good reason. The chief objection to it has been that it Is a 'pseudo-participle,' a participle without a verb corresponding to it, but there are many words of exactly analogous formation in quite good usage; comp. gifted, lettered, turreted, booted, bearded, slippered, landed, Ac. Mr. Fitzedward Hall instances outtalented and untalented from Richardson.)

What a miserable and restless thing ambition is, when one talented but as a common person, yet, by the favour of his prince, hath gotten that interest, that in a sort all the keys of England hang at his ginlle. Abp. Abbot (1562-1633).

The way in which tatented and many of its fellows were once frequently used shows that these words, to the consciousness of our ancestors, began with being strictly participles. At present they have the function of participial adjectives: and. what between their distinctive termination and their history, they are, therefore, to be considered, on scientific principles, as developments from ideal verbs. The analogy on which they are formed is, further, so well established, that, whatever Coleridge dogmatized in his haste, * mere convenience' is quite ground enough to justify us in coining terms on the same model whenever they may be really required.

Fitzedward Nail

Tale-piet, Tale-pyet (tai'pi-etX n. [From Sc. piet, a magpie, because of its chattering.] A tell-tale; a tale-bearer. [Scotch.]

Never mind me. sir—I am no lalepyet; but there are mair een in the world than mine. Sir it'. Scott.

Tales(ta'lez), n. pi. [L. talis, pi. tales.] In law, persons of like reputation or standing; persons in the court from whom the sheriff or his clerk makes selections to supply the place of jurors who have been impannelled but are not in attendance. It is the first word of the Latin sentence (tales de circumstantibus) which provides for this contingency.—To pray a tales, to pray that the number of jurymen may be completed.

It was discovered that only ten special jurymen were present. Upon this, Mr, Sergeant Buzfuz frayed a tales: the gentleman in black then proceeded to press into the special jury two of the common jurymen. Pickens.

—Tales book, a book containing the names of such as are admitted of the tales.

Talesman (talez-man), n. In law, a person summoned to act as a juror from among the by-standers in open court.

Taleteller (tal'tel-er), n. One who tells tales oratories; specifically, one who tells malicious or officious tales; a talebearer.

Tale -wise (tal'wiz), a. Being in the manner of a tale.

Tale-Wise (tal'wiz), adv. In the manner of a tale or story.

Tallacotian (tall-a-k6"shi-an), a. Of, pertaining, or relating to Taliacotius or Tagliacozzi, professor of anatomy nnd surgery at Bologna towards the end of the sixteenth century.— Taliacotian operation. Same as Rhinoplastic Operation.

Taliatlont (tal-i-a'shon), n. [See Talion. I A return of like for like.

Taliera, TaUlera Palm (tal-i-e'ra, tal-i-e'ra pain), n. The Corypha Taliera, an elegant stately species of palm inhabiting Bengal, allied to the taliput. It has gigantic fanshaped leaves, which are used by the natives of India to write upon with their steel stiles, and for other purposes.

Tallng t (tal'ing). n. Story-telling. Chaucer.

Talion (tail-on), n. (Fr. talion, L. talio, from talis, such.] The law of retaliation, according to which the punishment inflicted is the same in kind and degree as the injury, as an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth, <fcc. This mode of punishment was established by the Mosaic law. Lev. xxiv. 20.

Crimes not capital were punished by fines, flagellation, and the law of talion, eye for eye.

Dr. A. Geddes.

Talipat (tall-pat), n. See Taliput. Talipes (tal'i-pes), n. [L. talus, an ankle, and pes, a foot] The disease called Clubfoot.

Taliput, Tallput-tree (tall-nut, tall-puttre), n. [Singhalese name] The great fanpalm (Corypha umbraculi/era), a native of India, Ceylon, Ac The straight cylindrical trunk, which rises sometimes to the height of 70 or even 100 feet, is crowned with a tuft of enormous fan-like leaves, usually about 18 feet long and 14 feet broad, composed of from 90 to 100 radiating segments plaited like a fan till near the extremity. Those leaves are used for covering houses, making umbrellas, fans, and frequently used as a substitute for writing-paper. At the age of thirty or forty years or more the tree

[merged small][graphic]

Taliput {Coryfha umbraculi/era).

Talisman (tails-man),». [Fr. and Sp. talisman; Ar. telsam, pi. telsanuin, a magical figure, a horoscope, from Byzantine Gr. telesina, incantation, Gr. tele6, to perform, to accomplish, from telos, an end ] 1. A charm consisting of a magical figure cut or engraved under certain superstitious observances of the configuration of the heavens; the seal, figure, character, or image of a heavenly sign, constellation, or planet engraven on a sympathetic stone, or on a metal corresponding to the star, in order to receive its influence. The word is also used in a wider sense and as equivalent to amulet The talisman is supposed to exercise extraordinary influences over the bearer, especially in averting evils, as disease, sudden death, and the like. Hence —2. Something that produces extraordinary effects; an amulet; a charm; as, a talisman to destroy diseases.

Talismanlc, Talismanical (taMs-manlk, tal-is-man'ik-al), a. Having the properties of a talisman, or preservative against evils by secret influence; magical.

The figure of a heart bleeding upon an altar, or held in the hand of a cupid, has always been looked upon as talismanic in dresses of this nature.

Addison.

Talismanist (tal'is-man-ist). n. One who uses a talisman or deals with talismans. Defoe.

Talk(tak), v.i. [A word related to tale, tell. in much the same way as stalk to steal, hark to hear, and icatk to G. wallen. See Tale, Tell. ] 1. To utter words; to speak; as. to talk in one's sleep; thechild can talk already What, canst thou talk) quoth she, hast thou a tongue? Sham,

2. More especially, to converse familiarly; to speak, as in familiar discourse, when two or more persons interchange thoughts; to hold converse.

I will buy with you, sell with you, talk with you, but I will not eat with you. Shak.

3. To speak incessantly or fmpertinently; to prate; to prattle; to babble.

A good old man, sir; he will be talking; Shak.

4. To confer; to reason.

Let me talk with thee of thy judgments. Jer. xii. 1. 6. To give an account; to mention; to tell; to communicate by writing, by signs, or by words not necessarily Bpoken.

The natural histories of Switzerland talk much of the fall of these rocks, and the great damage done. Addison.

—To talk to, to advise or exhort; to remonstrate with; to reprove gently; as, I will talk to my son respecting his conduct — To talk from the point, subject, Ac., to direct one's markB or speech from the matter under consideration; to wander from in speaking from the topic in discussion.

Talking from the point, he drew him in . . .
Until they closed a bargain. Tennyson.

—To talk to the point, subject, Ac, to confine one's remarks to the matter in hand; to keep to the required subject. — Speak, Talk. See Speak. Talk (tak), v.t. 1. To UBe as a meaus of conversation or communication; to speak; as. TALK

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TALLY

to talk French or German—2. To speak; to utter; as, to talk treason; to talk nonsense. - Vim that talked the trash that made me sick.' Tennyson. & To pass or spend in talking: with away; as, to talk aicay an evening. -4. To influence by talking; to have a certain effect on by talking: with words expressive of the effect. 'Talk thy tongue weary;' 'Talk us to silence;' 'Talk him out of patience;' "They would talk themselves mad.' Shak.— Hence the phrases, to talk one down = to silence one with incessant talk; to talk one out of = to dissuade one from, as a plan, project, Ac.; to talk one ooer=to gain one by persuasion; to talk one up to = to persuade one to undertake.—To talk over, to talk about; to deliberate upon; to discuss. * Sat and eat, and talked old matters over.' Tennyson. Talk (tak), n. 1. Familiar conversation; mutual discourse; that which is uttered by one person in familiar conversation, or the mutual converse of two or more.

Should a man full of talk be justified T Job xi. 2. In various talk th" instructive hours they past. Pope.

2. Report; rumour.

I hear a talk up and down of raising money. Locke.

3. Subject of discourse; as. this noble achievement is the talk of the whole town.

And what delipht to be by such extolled.
To live upon their tongues and be their talk 1
Milton.

4. A more or less formal or public discussion, held by a body of men, or by two opposing parties concerning matters of mutual interest; a negotiation; a conference; a palaver. Syn. Conversation, colloquy, discourse, chat, dialogue, conference, communication.

Talk t (talk), n. Talc.

Talkative (tak'a-tiv), a. [This is a hybrid

word, English with a Latin termination. See

Starvation] Inclined to talk orconverse;

ready or apt to engage in conversation;

freely communicative; chatty.

If I have held you over Ion?, lay hardly the fault upon my old age, which io its disposition is talkative. Sir P. Sidney.

—Talkative, Loquacious, Garrulous. Talfr atioe is said of a person who is in the habit of speaking frequently, without, however, necessarily implying that much is said at once; thus, a lively child may be talkative. A loquacious person is one who has this inclination with a greater flow of words. Garrulous is the word applied to old age, and implies feeble, prosy, continuous talk, with needless repetitions and tiresome explanation of details. The subject of a garrulous person's talk is generally himself and his own affairs.

Talkatively 1.takVtiv-1 i), adv. In a talkative manner.

Talkativeness (tak'a-tiv-nes), n. The quality of being talkative; loquacity; garrulity.

Learned women have lost all credit by their impertinent talkativeness and conceit. Swift.

Talker (tak'er), «. 1. One who talks; also, a loquacious person; a prattler.

If it were desirable to have a child a mere brisk talker, ways might be found to make hiui so. Locke.

2. A boaster; a braggart.

The greatest talkers in the days of peace have been the most pusillanimous in the day of temptation. Jer. Taylor.

Talking (tak'ing), a. L Given to talking; garrulous; loquacious.

The hawthorn bush, with scats beneath the shade.
For talking age and whimpering lovers made.

Gctdsmith.

2. Having the power of speech or of uttering words; as, a talking parrot. Talky (talk'i), a. Talcky (which see).

The talky flakes in the strata were all formed before the subsidence, along with tile sand.

// 'oodivard.

Tall (tal), a. [Probably from W. tul, tall, towering, whence taldu, to make high, to grow tall, talaad, to elevate, to grow tall ]

1. High in stature; long and comparatively slender: applied to a person or to a standing tree, mast, pole, or other erect object of which the diameter is small in proportion to the height. Hence we speak of a tall man, a tall pine, a tall steeple, but not of a tall house, a tall mountain. •Cut down the tall cedar trees.* 2 Ki. xix. 23. 'Two of far nobler shape, erect and tall.' Milton. 'Some tall tower.' Young. 'His own children tall and beautiful.' Tennyson,

2. Having height, whether great or small, without reference to comparison or relation. 'Bring me word how tall Bhe is.' Shak.—

3. t Sturdy; lusty; bold; spirited; courageous. 'Good soldiers and tall fellows.' Shak.

No, by this hand, sir. We fought like honest and tall men. Beau, er Ft. Thy spirits are most tall. Beau. &■ Fl.

Shakspere speaks of a tall man of his hands, for which phrase see under Hand.—

4. As an American colloquialism, (a) great; excellent; tine; remarkable; as. a tall tight; tall walking; a tall spree. (6) Extravagant; bombastic; as. (all talk. The word was formerly used with somewhat similar meanings in England; thus Bentley has 'So tall a compliment to Cicero.'

Tallage, Talliage (tal'aj, taJ'i-aj),n. [Writ ten also tallage, taillage, from Fr. taUler, to cut off. See Retail.) A term formerly applied to subsidies or taxes of every kind, but denoting, in its more proper and restricted sense, those taxes to which, under the Anglo-Norman kings, the demesne lands of the crown and all the royal towns were subject. These taxes were more rigorous and arbitrary than those imposed on the gentry.

Impositions on merchandise at the ports could no more be levied by the royal prerogative after its enactment, than internal taxes upon landed or moveable property, known in that age by the appellations of aids and tallages. Hallasn.

Tallages, however arbitrary, were never paid by the barons or freeholders, nor by their tenants,

HaUam.

Tallage (tal'aj), v.t To lay an impost upon; to cause to pay tallage.

Tallagert (tal'aj-er), n. A tax or toll gatherer.

Tallet, Tallot (tal'et, tal'ot), n. [Said to be a corruption of prov. t hay-loft.] A hay-loft. Sat. Rev [Provincial English.] Written also Tallit, TaUat.

Tallicoonah - oil (tal-i-kb'na-oil), n. The oil procured from the seeds of the Carapa Touloucouna or C. guineensis, a tree growing in Sierra Leone. It is also known by the name of Kundah-oil, and is much esteemed as an anthelmintic.

Tallier (tallier), n. One who keeps a tally.

Tallit (tal'it), n. See Tallet.

Tallnesa (tal'nes), n. The state or quality of being tall; height of stature. 'A hideous giant, . . . that with his tallness seemed to threat the sky.' Spenser.

Tallow (tal'16), n. [A. Sax. talg, Dan. Sw. and G. talg, Icel. tolg, D talk, tallow; coinp. Goth tulgus, firm.] The harder and less fusible fats melted and separated from the fibrous or membranous matter which ia naturally mixed with them. These fats are mostly of animal origin, the most common being derived from sheep and oxen. When pure, animal tallow is white and nearly tasteless; hut the tallow of commerce usually has a yellow tinge. All the different kinds of tallow consist chiefly of stearin, palmitin, and olein. In commerce tallow is divided into various kinds according to its qualities, of which the best are used for the manufacture of candles, and the inferior for making soap, dressing leather, greasing machinery, and several other purposes. It is imported in large quantities from Russia,— Mineral tallow. The same as Hatchetine (which see). Vegetable tallow, a kind of fat resembling tallow obtained from various plants, as from the fruit of plants of the order Dipteraceo?.

Tallow (tal'16), v.t 1. To grease or smear with tallow.—2. To fatten; to cause to have a large quantity of tallow; as, to tallow sheep.

Tallow-candle (tallo-kan-dl), n. A candle made of tallow.

Tallow - catch (tanfi-kach), n. A tallowkeech. 'Thou whoreson, obscene, greasy tallow-catch.' Shak.

Tallow-chandler (tal'Id-chand-ler), n. [See Chandler.] One whose occupation is to make, or to make and sell tallow candles.

Tallow-chandlery (tana-chand-ler-ij, n, 1. The business or occupation of a tallowchandler.— 2. The place where a tallowchandler carries on his business.

Tallower (tal'ld-er), n. 1. A tallow-chandler. —2. An animal disposed to form tallow internally.

Tallow-face (taMd-faa), n. One of a sickly; pale complexion. Shak. Tallow-faced (tallo-fast), a. Having a sickly complexion: pale. Burton. Tallow-grease (tallo-gres). n. Tallow, especially candle-fat. [Familiar and local. J Tallowing (tallS-big), n. The act, practice, or art of causing animals to gather tallow,

or the property in animals of forming tallow internally.

Tallowifih (tarid-ish), a Having the properties or nature of tallow; resembling tallow.

TallOW-keech(tal'16-kecli),n. [See Keecii.] A mass of tallow rolled up into a lump for the tallow-chandler. Also called Tallowcatch.

Tallow-tree (taHo-tre), n. The name given in different parts of the world to trees of different kinds, which produce a thick oil or vegetable tallow, capable of being used for making candles. The tallow-tree of Malabar is Vatcria indica, nat. order Dipteracere, that of China, Stitlingia sebifera, nat. order Kuphorbiaceie, and that of .Sierra Leone, Pentadesina butyracea, nat order Guttifenc.

Tallowy (tallo-l), a. Greasy; having the qualities of tallow.

Tallwood (tal'wud), n. [Tall is from Fr. taille, a cut, a cutting.] Firewood cut in billets of a certain length. Calthrop.

Tally (tal'li), n. [Fr. taille. a tally, a cut, a cutting, from tattler, to cut See Retail.]

1. A piece of wood ou which notches or scores are cut, as the marks of number. In purchasing and selling it was customary for traders to have two sticks, or one stick cleft into two parts, and to mark with scores or notches on each the number or quantity of goods delivered, or what was due between debtor and creditor, the seller or creditor keeping one stick, and the purchaser or debtor the other. Before the use of writing, or before writing became general, this or something like it was the usual method of keeping accounts. In the exchequer tallies were formerly used, which answered the purpose of receipts as well as simple records of matters of account Hence the origin of exchequer bills. In former times of financial difficulty, from the period of the Norman conquest the practice had been to issue exchequer tallies. An exchequer tally was an account of a sum of money lent to the government, or of a sum for which the government would be responsible. The tally itself consisted of a squared rod of hazel or other wood, having on one side notches, indicating the sum for which the tally was an acknowledgment. Ou two other sides opposite to each other, the amount of the sum, the name of the payer, and the date of the transaction, were written by an officer called the writer of the tallies. This being done the rod was then cleft longitudinally in auch a manner that each piece retained one of the written sides, and one half of every notch cut in the tally. One of these parts, the counterstock, was kept in the exchequer, and the other, the stock, only issued. When the part issued was returned to the exchequer (usually in payment of taxes) the two parts were compared, as a check against fraudulent imitation. This ancient system was abolished by 25 Geo. III. lxxxii.; and by 4 and 5 Will. IV. xv. all the old tallies were ordered to be destroyed. The size of the notches made on the tallies varied with the amount The notch for £100 was the breadth of a thumb; for£l the breadth of a barleycorn. A penny was indicated by a slight slit—2. Anything made to suit or correspond to another.

So suited in their minds and persons.
That tlicy were (ratn'd the tallies for each other.
Dryden.

3. A label or ticket of wood or metal used in gardens, for the purpose of bearing either a number referring to a catalogue, or the name of the plant with which it is connected.—4. An abbreviation of Tally-shop. Tally (tal'li), v.t. pret <fe pp. tallied; ppr. tallying. [As to meaning 1 see the noun Tally.] 1. To score with correspondent notches; to fit; to suit; to make to correspond.

1' hey ace not so well taltiedXo the present juncture. Pope.

2. Naut to pull aft, as the sheets or lower comers of the main aud fore saiL

And while the lee clue-garnet's lower'd away,
Titut aft the sheet they tally, and belay. Falconer.

Tally (tal'li), v.t. To be fittod; to suit; to correspond; to conform; to match.

t found pieces of tiles that exactly tallied with the channel. Addison.

Your idea . . . tallies exactly with mine.

H. U'atpole.

Tallyt (tal'li), adv. [See Tall, 3.] Stoutly; with spirit

You, Lodowiclt.
That stand so tally on your reputation.
You shall be he shall speak it. Beau. 3- Fl.

TALLY HO

303

TAMBOUR

Tally HO (taTU ho"), interj. and n. The huntsman's cry to urge on his hounds.

Tallyman (taTli-raan).tt. L One who carries on a tally-trade; one who sells goods on credit, or on terms of payment by small weekly sums till the debt is paid.—2. One who keeps a tally or account

Tally-shop (tal'li-shop), n. A shop or store at which goods or articles are sold on the tally-system (which seeX

Tally-system, Tally-trade (tani-sis-tem, tal'li-trad). n. A system of dealing carried on in London and other large towns, by which shopkeepers furnish certain articles on credit to their customers, the latter agreeing to pay the stipulated price by certain weekly or monthly instalments Both seller and purchaser keep books in which the circumstances of the transaction and the payment of the several instalments are entered, and which serve as a tally and counter-tally. The goods thus furnished are usually of inferior quality, and the prices exorbitant.

Talma (tal'ma), n. [Probably after Talma; the French tragedian. ] A kind of large cape, or short, full cloak worn by ladies aud also by gentlemen.

Talmi-gold (tal'rae-gdldX n. A yellow alloy consisting of 90 per cent copper and -■ • zinc, covered with a very thin sheet of gold, used for trinkets. The gold varies from 003 to fully 1 per cent WeaU. Called also Abys

Sinian gold.

Talmud (taVmud), n. [Chal. talm&d, instruction; Heb. and Syr. talmUL, a disciple, from Idmad, to learn, to teach.] The body of the Hebrew civil and canonical laws, traditions, and explanations, or the book that contains them. The authority of the Talmud was long esteemed second only to that of the Bible, and according to its precepts almost the whole Jewish people have continued to order their religious life down almost to the present day. It contains the laws, and a compilation of expositions of duties imposed on the people, either in 8cripture, by tradition, or by authority of their doctors, or by custom. It consists of two parts, the Mishna and the Oemara, the former being the written law, and the latter a collection of traditions and comments of Jewish doctors.

There are two Talmudj, both havinp the same Mix/tun, or text . . . but each a different Gemara, or commentary. They are called the yerns<tlfm Talmud and the Babylonian Talmud. The latter is always preferred by the Jews to the former, but by Christians is less highly esteemed. Kitto.

Well rersed was he in Hebrew books,
Talmud and Targum, and the lore
Of K nhiis Ttnnyson.

Talmudlc, Talmudical (tal-mud'ik, talm u' l'ik -a 1), a. i'ertaining to the Talmud; contained in the Talmud; as, Talmudic fables.

Talmudist (tal'mud-ist), n. One versed in the Talmud.

Talmudistic (tal-mnd-istfik), a. Pertaining to the Talmud; resembling the Talmud; Talmudic.

Talon (tal'onX n. [Fr. and Sp., the heel, from L talus, the ankle, the heel J 1. The claw of a bird of prey.

Swfvrps
The Tultnre, beak and tnlon, at the heart
Made for alt noble motion. Tennyson.

% In arch, same as Ogee,— 3 In lock*, the shoulder on the bolt against which the key presses in shooting the bolt

TalOOlC, TalOOkah (ta-luk', ta-luk'a), n. A district or dependency in India, the revenues of which are under the management of a talookdar. Sitnmonds.

Talookdarda luk'darj.n. In India, a native acting as the head of a revenue department but under a superior, or zemindar, through whom he pays his rent; a petty zemindar.

Ta-lOU (ta-lu'X n. The Chinese name for a

frlass flux, consisting chiefly of silicate of ead with a little copper, used as an enamel colour on porcelain. Watts' Diet of Chem.

Talpa (tal'pa), n, [L., a mole.] 1. The mole, a genus of insectivorous mammals. The common mole (T. europea, Linn.) is well known from its subterranean habits, and its vexatious burrowings in cultivated grounds. See Mole.—2. In pathol. a tumour under the skin: also, an encysted tumour on the head: so called because it is vulgarly supposed to burrow like a mole.

Talpldaa (tal'pi-deX n. pi. [L. talpa. a mole, and Or. eidog, resemblance] The family of moles. See Mole.

Talus (ta'lus). », [L. tahts. the ankle ] 1. In anat. the astragalus, or that bone of the

foot which is articulated to the leg; the ankle.—2. In areh. the slope or inclination of any work, as of a wall inclined on its face, either by decreasing its thickness toward the summit, or by leaning itagainst a bank. 3. In /"ft. the slope of a work, as a bastion, rampart, or parapet. In this signification the word is also written Talut.—A. In geol. a sloping heap of broken rocks and stones at the foot of any cliff or rocky declivity.

The term sudafrial is intended to apply to those materials which are derived from atmospheric waste, but have not been assorted in water. The talus found at the foot of every cliff consists of debris which may be washed down in part by rain, but the quantity of water is not sufficient to five it a stratified character. The coarser materials are found at the bottom of the slope, which has the fan-shaped characteristic of all sediment allowed to spread without restraint from a single point. Prof. Young.

5. In mrg. a variety of club-foot, in which the heel rests on the ground and the toes are drawn towards the leg. Goodrich.

Talut (ta'lutX n. See Talus, 3.

Talvas (tal'vas), n. A kind of wooden buckler or shield, of an oblong form, bent on each side and rising in the middle. It was used in the fourteenth century.

Talwood (tal'wud), n. Same as Tallwood.

Tamabllity (tam-a-bil'i-ti), n The quality of being tamable; tamableness.

Tamable (tam'a-bl), a. Capable of being tamed or subdued; capable of being reclaimed from a wild or savage state.

Tamableness (tani'a-bl-nes), n. The quality of being tamable.

Tamandua (ta-man'du-a), n. The name given to a species of ant-enter, the Murinecophaaa tamandua or Tamandua tetradactyla, about the size of a full-grown cat. Called also Little Ant-bear. See ANTEATER.

Tamanolr(tam'an-war),n, Thenativename of the edentate mammal known ns the great ant-eater or ant-bear, the Myrmecophagajubata. See Ant-bear.

Tamanu (tam'a-nti), n. The nntive name of a green heavy resin from the Society Islands, obtained from CalophyUum Ino

jahuUuin, Called also Tacamahac

Tamarack: (tani'a-rak), n. The black or American larch (Larix ainericaiui). Called also Hackmatack.

Tamara-spice (tam'a-ra-spls), n, [An East Indian name.] A spice consisting of equal parts of cinnamon, cloves, and corianderseeds, with half the quantity of aniseed and fennel-seed, all powdered. It is a favourite condiment with Italians.

Tamaricaces (tam'a-ri-ka"se-e), n. pL [See Tamarisk.] A small nat. order of polypetalous exogens. The species are either shrubs or herbs, inhabiting chiefly the basin of the Mediterranean. They have minute alternate simple leaves and usually small white or pink flowers in terminal spikes. They are all more or less astringent, and their ashes after burning are remarkable for possessing a large quantity of sulphate of soda. See Tamarisk.

Tamarin (tam'a-rin), n. [Native name in Cayenne.] The common name for the species of the sub-genus Midaa of South American monkeys. The tamarins are active, restless, and Irritable little creatures, two of the smallest being the silky tamarin (Midft a rwalia) and the little lion monkey (M. leonina). the latter of which, though only a few i no Iks in length, presents a wonderful resemblance to the lion.

Taniariiidftam'a-rind), n. [It. and Sp. tamarindo. Ft. tamarin, from Ar. tamr - Hindi, from tamr,fruit, date, and hindi, Indian; akin Heb. tamar, a palm-tree, from tamar, to stand erect] A genus of plants (Tamarind us), nat order Leguminosrc. The name is also given to the fruit The tamarind-tree (T. indica) is the only species of the genus Tamarindus.but it has two varietiespcharacterized

[graphic]

Tamariod (Tunttnndus

indie a).

by the varying length of the pod. The East Indian variety hits long pods about t» inches iu length, witli six to twelve seeds, whereas the West Indian variety has much shorter pods, containing one to four seeds. Hie tree has an elegant appearance, from its graceful pinnated foliage and its racemes of sweet-smelling flowers, the calyx of which is yellow, the petals yellow streaked with red, the filaments purple, and the anthers brown. Both varieties are cultivated for the sake of their shade, and their cooling grateful acid fruit. The pulp is imported into European countries. In the East Indies it is dried either in the sun or artificially with salt added, which latter kind is sent to Europe. The West Indian tamarinds are put into jars with layers of sugar between them, or with boiling syrup poured over them, and are called prepared tamarinds; but the East Indian tamarinds arc most esteemed The pulp is frequently eni

fdoyed in medicine; it is cooling and gently axntive, and is peculiarly grateful in fevers and inflammatory diseases. Tamarind-flRh (tamWind-flsh), n. A preparation of a kind of East Indian ti-li with the acid pulp of the tamarind fruit, much esteemed as a breakfast relish in India. Tamarisk (tam'a-rlsk), n. (L. tamarisctts, tatnarix, said to be from the plants growing on the banks of the Tamarit,novt the Tatnbro, on the borders of the Pyrenees. ] The common name of plants of the genus Tamarix, the type of the nat. order Tamaricaceee. The species are shrubs or small trees, clothed with very small green leaves and long spikes of pink flowers. /'. galtica is a native of France and of the Med iter* ranean, and is naturalized on some parts of the southern English coast Its ashes contain a large quantity of sulphate of soda. T indica (the Indian tamarisk) produces galls which are used in dyeing and iu photography. (SeeMAHEK.) The largest and most elegant species is T. orievtalis, a native of Arabia, Persia, and the East Indies. The bark of T a/ricana is used in medicine as a tonic, and its ashes, like those of T. (tallica, yield a large quantity of sulphate of soda. Tamarix (tam'a-riks), n. A genus of plants. See Tamarisk.

Tambac (tam'bak), n. 1. Same as Tombac.
2. A gal loch um or aloes-wood.
Tambour (tam'bor), n. [Fr. tambour. See
Tabock] L A drum.

When I sound
The tambiur at Cod, ten cities hear
Its voice, and answer to the call in arms. Sonthry.

—Tambour de Basque, a tambourine. —2. In arch, (a) a term applied to the naked port of Corinthian and Composite capitals, which bear some resemblance to a drum. It is also called the vase, and campana, or the bell. (6) The wall of a circular temple surrounded with columns, (c) The circular vertical part both below and above a cupola, (d) A kind of lobby or vestibule of timber work with folding doors, and covered with a ceiling, as within the porches of churches, &c, to break the current of wind from without, (e) A cylindrical stone, such as one of the courses of the shaft of a column.—3. A circular frame on which silk or other stuff is stretched for the purpose of being embroidered: so called from its resemblance to a drum; also, the embroidery worked upon it. Machines have been constructed for tambour working, and continue to be used with success.—4. In fort, a kind of work formed of palisades, or pieces of wood 10 feet long planted closely together, and driven firmly into the ground, and intended to defend a road, gate, or other entrance.

Tambour ftamttor), r. t. and t. To embroider with a tambour; to work on a tambour frame.

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