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Tambourine (tam-bu-ren'), n. [Fr. tarnbourin, from tambour, a tabor. See Tabor.] 1. A musical instrument of the drum species. It is much used among the Biscayans, and hence is also known by the name of tambour de Basque. It is formed of a hoop, like one end of a drum, over which parchment is stretched. Small pieces of metal called jingles are inserted in the hoop, to which jilso small bells are sometimes attached. It is sounded by sliding the Angers along the parchment, or by striking it with the hack of the hand or with the fist or the elbow; a timbrel—2. A lively French dance, formerly in vogue in operas. It was accompanied with a ped»l bass in imitation of the drone caused by nibbing the thumb over the skin of a tambourine.

Tambour-work (tam'bdr-werk), n. A kind of embroidery. See Tambouk, 3.

Tambreet (tam-bref), n. The name given by the natives of New South Wales to the duckbill or Ornithorhynchus.

Tamburln, t Tamburinet <tam-bu-rei.'), n. Same as Tambourine. Spenser,

Tamburone (tam-bu-ro'na), n. [It] The Italian name for the military bass-drum.

Tame (tarn), a. [A. Sax. tain, tame, gentle, mild; D. Dan. Sw. and Goth, tain, Icel. tamr, O. HO. 2am. Moil. O. zahm\ tame. The root is the same as in L. donw, to tame. suhdue, conquer, dominus, a lord; Or. damad, to subdue; Skr. dam, to subdue, to tame]

1. Having lost its native wildness and shyness; accustomed to man; domesticated; domestic: as, a tame deer; a tame bird.—

2. Wanting in spirit; submissive; subdued; depressed; spiritless. 'You, tame slaves of the laborious plough.' Roscommon.

lie's no swaggerer, hostess; a farntcheater, V faith. SAaJt.

3 Unanimated; without spirit; insipid; dull; wanting in interest; flat; as, a tame poem; his anecdotes are very tame; the scenery was quite tame.—4. Without earnest feeling or fervour; listless; cold.

He that is colli and tame in his prayers hath not tatted of the dcliciousneis of religion ami the goodness of God. Jer. Taylor.

6. Accommodated to one's habits; grown into a custom; wonted; accustomed. [Rare.]

Sequestering from me all
That time, acquaintance, custom ami condition
Made tame and most familiar to my nature. Shak.

6 Harmless; ineffectual; impotent.

Hi* remedies are tame V the present pence. Shak.

Tame (tain), v.t pret. A pp. tamed; ppr. taming. [A. Sax. torn tan, from the adjective] 1. To reclaim; to reduce from a wild to a domestic state; to make gentle and familiar; as. to tame a wild beast.—2. To subdue; to crush; to conquer; to depress; as, to tame the pride or passions of youth.

I'll tame you; 111 bring you in subjection Shak. Nay—yet it chafes me that I could not bend

One will: nor fame and tutor with mine eye That dull cold-blooded Catsar. Tennyson.

Tamet (tarn), v.t. [Fr. entamer, to cut into, to make the first cut upon, to begin upon.] To begin upon by taking a part of; to hroach or taste, as liquor; to deal out; to divide; to distribute.

In the time of the famine he is the Joseph of the country, and keeps the poor from starving. Then lie tameth his stacks of corn, which not his covetousnt'ss. but providence, hath reserved fur time of need. Fuller.

TameabUlty (tam-a-bil'i-ti). n. Capability of being tamed; tameableness. Sydney Smith.

Tameable (tam'a-bl), a. Tamable.

G;inzas are supposed to be great fowls, of a strong flight, and easily tameable, divers of which may be so brought upas to join together in carrying the weight of a man. Bfi. IVilkOts.

Tameless (tamles), a. Incapable of being tamed; untamable.

The tameless steed could well his waggon wield.
Bfi. Hall.

Tamelessness (tamles nes). n. The state or quality of being tameless; untamableness. Byron.

Tamely (tam'H), adv. In a tame manner; with unresisting submission; meanly; servilely: without manifesting spirit; as, to submit tamely to oppression; to bear reproach tamely. 'When you can tamely suffer to be abused.' Stci/t.

Tameness (tam'nes), n. 1. The quality of Iteing tame or gentle; a state of domestication.—2. Unresisting submission; meanness in bearing insults or injuries; want of spirit.

3. The state of being without interest, beauty, or animation; as, the lameness of a narrative; the tamencs* of the scenery.

Tamer (tam'er), n. One who tames or subdues; one that reclaims from wildness.

Daughter of Jove, relentless power.

Thou turner of tlie human breast. Gray.

Tamlas (ta'mi-as), n. [Gr., a steward, a Btore-keeper, from the cheek-pouches in which these animals can carry a quantity of food or from their laying up large stores in their hides] A genus of rodent mammals, allied to the true squirrels, but distinguished from them by the possession of cheek-pouches, and their habit of retreating into underground holes. They are of small size, and all of them marked with stripes on the back and Bides. Lister's ground-squirrel (T. Listeri) is very common in the I'm ted States, where it is popularly known as hackee, chipmunk, or chipmuck. The striped ground-squirrel (T. striatum) is a very small species, inhabiting the vicinity of the Rocky Mountains, and an allied species is said to be very common in Siberia, See Ground-squirrel.

Tamil (tam'il), ». 1. One of a race of men inhabiting South India and Ceylon, and belonging to the Dravidian stock. The Tamils form by far the most civilized and energetic of the Dra vidian peoples. —2. The language spoken in the south-east of the Madras Presidency, and in the northern parts of Ceylon. It is a member of the Dravidian or Tamilian family. See Dravidian.

Tamilian (ta-mil'i-an), a. Of or pertaining to the Tamils or their language. See above.

Tamine, Tamlny (tam'in, tam'i-ni), «. [Fr. itamine. See Stamix. ) l. A strainer or bolter of hair or cloth —2. A thin woollen or worsted stuff, highly glazed. Written also Tammin.

Tamls (tam'i), n. [Fr., from D. terns, E. temse. a sieve.] A sieve; a scarce. Written also Tammy.

Tamls-bird (ta'mU-berd), n. A guineafowl.

They are by some called the Barbary-hen; by others the Tamis-bird, and by others the bird of Numidia. Goldsmith.

Tamkln (tana/kin), n. [For tampkin.) The stopper of a cannon. See Tampion.

Tammany-ring (tam'ma-ni-ring). n. [From Tammany.Kn American Indian chief, who for his reputed virtues was in the latter years of the Revolution facetiously chosen patron saint of the new republic, his name being adopted by several secret societies.] A New York political combination which, by extensive bribery and intrigue, secured the control of tin* elections in that city and the management of the municipal revenues, which were unscrupulously plundered; any combination for similar purposes.

Tammin (tam'in),»». See Tamine.

Tammuz (tam'muz), n. A word occurring once in the Bible, and probably designating the Phoenician Adonis. His feast began with mourning for his loss.

And behold there sat women weeping for Tammus. lizck. viii. 14.

Tammy (tam'i), n. See Tamis.

Tamp (tamp), v.t. (Fr. tamponner, taper, Pr. tampir. See TAMPION] 1. In blasting, when the hole is drilled and charged with powder to ram it tight, with dry sand, tough clay, or some other substance, to prevent the explosion taking effect by way of the hole. The term is similarly used in some other casea See Tamping — 2. To force in or down by frequent, somewhat light, strokes; as, to tamp mud so as to make a smooth place.

Tampan (tam'pan), n. A South African tick, remarkable for the venom of its bite. Dr. Livingstone.

Tamper (tam'per), v.i. [Probably a form of temper. ] 1. To meddle; to be busy; to try little experiments; to have to do with anything without fitness or necessity; as, to tamper with a disease.

'Tis dangerous tamf'ring with a muse.

Roscommon. The Tudnrs, far from considering the law of succession as ,1 divine and unchangeable instiiution.were constantly tampering with it. Macaulay.

2. To meddle with, especially so as to alter by corruption or adulteration; to make to be not genuine; as, the text has been tampered with.—3. To practise secretly, as by bribery or other unfair underhand means; to influence towards a certain course by secret and unfair means; as. the witness has been tampered with. Tamjter is generally followed by with in all the senses. In the following extract, however, it is used independently.

Others tampered
For Fleetwood, Desborough, and l.-itnbert.

Tamper (tamp'er), n, 1. One »ho tamps, or prepares for blasting, by stopping the hole in which the charge is placed.—t An instrument used in tamping; a tatnping-bar or tamping-iron.

Tamperer (tam'per-er), n. One who tampers; one who uses unfair, underhand means in dealing with a persou to bring him over to his ends.

He himself was not tortured, but was surrounded in the Tower by f.imferers and traitors, and 10 made unfairly to convict himself out of hi* own mouth. Household li 'oris.

Tamping (tamp'ing), n. [See Tamp J 1. In blasting, the act or operation of Ailing up a blast-hole above the charge, so as to direct the force of the explosion laterally and rend the rock.—2. In miiit. mining, the operation of packing with earth, sand, Ac, that part of a mine nearest to the charge, to increase Its effectiveness in a given direction.— 8. In smelting, the operation of stopping with clay the issues of a blast-furnace.—i. The material used for the above purposes.

Tamplng-bar, Tamping-iron (Umryingbar,tamp'ing-i-ern),/i. Abarofcopper.brass, or wood used in packing tamping upon 1 charge.

Tampion (tarn'pi-on), n. [Fr tampan, 1 nasalized form from tapon, tape, A bung. from the German or Dutch word equivalent to E. tap, a plug or stopper. See Tap] 1. The stopper of a cannon or other piece of ordnance, consisting of a cylinder of wood placed in Its muzzle to prevent the admission of water or dust; aiso, the wooden bottom for a charge of grape-shot—2. A plurj for stopping closely the upper end of an organ-pipe. Written also Tainpoon, Tampion.

Tampon (tam'pon), «. (See Tampion] Id surg. a plug inserted to stop hemorrhage,

Tampoont (tam'pun), n. 1. A tampion. 2 The bung of a vessel.

Tam-tam (tam'tam), n, [Hind., from sound of drum. J 1. A kind of native drum used in the East Indies and in Western Africa The tam-tam is of various shapes, hut generally it is made of a hollow cylinder formed

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Various forms of Indian Tam-tams.

of fibrous wood, such as palm-tree, or of earthenware, each end covered with skin. It Is beat upon with the fingers, and also with the open hand, and produces a hollo» monotonous sound. Public notices, when

Cclaimed in the bazaar or public parts of tern towns, are generally accompanied by the tam-tam. Written also Tom-tom.2. A Chinese gong.

Tamulian (ta-mu'11-an), o. Same as la inUian.

Tamus (ta'mus), n. [L. tamnvi, laraf*. » kind of wild climbing plant.] A genus ol plants, nat. order DiOBCoreacere. The T. communis, or black bryony, is a very common plant in hedges and thickets throughout Europe, and is very frequent in England It is a climbing herbaceous plant, having verj large tubers, shining heart-shaped poiiiteil leaves, and racemes of small greenish dioecious flowers, which are succeeded by shining red berries. The whole plant contains a bitter acrid principle, which renders it unwholesome.

Tan (tan), v.t. pret * pp. tanneii: rpr. to"' ning. (Fr. tanner, to tan, tan, oak lark for tanning; probably from Armor tann. oak, or from O. tanne. a fir. From Fr !"»• ner comes also taicny. ] 1. To convert into leather, ns animal skins, by steeping them in no infusion of oak or some other bark, t'jr which they are impregnated with tannin r tannic acid, an astringent substance which exists in several species of bark, and thus rendered firm, durable, and in some desmimpervious to water. -2. To make brown, to TAN



imbrown by exposure to the rayB of the sun; to make sunburnt

His face all tann'd with scorching sunny ray

As he had travcll'd many a sunny day

] hrougb broiling sands of Araby and Ind.


.It To deprive of the freshness of youth; to impair the freshness and beauty of.

Reckoning time, whose millionVI accidents, . . . .'.'■-. sacred beauty. Shak.

4. To beat; to flog; to thrash. [Colloq. or low. J

The master couldn't tan him for not doine it.

Mrs. H. H'ood.

Tan (tanX P.». 1- To get or become tanned; as. the leather tans easily.—2. To become tan-coloured or tawny; as, my face tans quickly with the sun.

Tan (tau), H. 1. The bark of the oak, willow, chestnut, larch, and other trees abounding iu tannin,bruised and broken bya mill,and used for tanning hides. Tan, after being used in tanning, is utilized in gardening for making hot-beds; and it is also made into rakes and used as fuel. Called in this form Tan-balls Ot Tan-turf.—SLA yellowish-brown colour, like that of tan.—3. An imbrowning of the akin by exposure to the sun, especially in tropical countries; as, hands covered with tan.

Tan (tan), a. Of the colour of tan; resembling tan; tawny.

Several black and tan spaniels of the breed of King Charles the Second, were reposing near him on velvet cushions. Disraeli.

Tanacetum (tan-a-se'tum). ft [See TANSY.] A genus of plants, nat. order Composite, containing al>out thirty species, natives of Europe, North Africa, North and Central Asia, and North America, They are tall annual or perennial herbs, with usually finely divided leaves and button-like heads of yellow flowers. T. vulgare, or common tansy, is a well-known plant, being abundant in Britain and throughout Europe on the borders of fields and roadsides. Every part of the plant is bitter, ami it is considered as tonic and anthelmintic, tansy-tea being an old popular medicine. It is now cultivated in gardens mainly for the young leaves, which are shredded down and employed to flavour puddings, cakes. &c.

Tanager (tan'a-j£r), n. A bird of the genus Tanagra (which see).

Tanagra (tan'a-gra), n. [Braz. tangara, a


Tanager (Tanagra eyatiocefhala).

tanager.] A genua of passerine birds of the flnch family (Fringillida-), having a conical beak, triangular nt the base, the upper mandible notched towards the tip, and its ridge arched. There are several species, all rewmbling the finches proper in their habits. They are remarkable for their bright colours. They are chiefly inhabitants of the tmpical parts of America, Tanagrin3e(tan-a-gTi'ne),/i. pi. A sub-family "f passerine birds, family Fringillidas; the tanagera See TANAGRA. Tan-balls (tanbalz), n. pi. The spent bark of the tanner's yard pressed into balls or lumps, which harden on drying and serve for fuel Called also Tan-turf. Tan-bed (tan'bed), n. Iu hort. a bed made "f tan; a bark bed or stove. See Bahk-bed. Tandem (tan'dem), adv. [L, at length, that is, after a certain interval of tii.te. Its use in the English sens.e Is by a mere pun or )oke.) One haraea*ed behind the other; as, to drive tandem, that is, with two horses narnetted singly one before the other instead of abreast

Tandem (tan'dem), n. [See above.] A two•Uecled carriage drawn by two horses harat««d one before the other.

.'. and , _j tandem,

M"J his tUletlc. Disraeli.

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Tang (tang), ik ['A metaphor from a ringing sound. Twang and tang are both used for a loud ringing sound and a strong taste.' Wedgwood.} 1. A strong taste or flavour; particularly, a taste of something extraneous to the thing itself; aa, wine or cider has a tang of the cask. — 2. Specific flavour or quality; characteristic property; distinctive tinge, taint, or the like. 'A cant of philosophism and a tang of party politics.' Jeffrey. Such proceedings had a strong tang of tyranny. Ftdter.

3. Sound; tone; especially, a twang or sharp sound. 'She had a tongue with a tang.' Shak.

There is a pretty affectation in the Allcmam, which gives their speech a different tang from ours.


Tang (tang), v.t. To ring; to twang; to cause to sound loudly. 'Let thy tongue tang arguments of state.' Shak.—To tang been, to strike two pieces of metal together so as, by producing a loud sound, to induce a swarm of bees to settle. Tang (tang), n. [Probably a modification of tongue, O.E. tong, or allied to twigs.] A projecting part of an object which is inserted into and Bo secured to another; as, (a) the part of a knife, fork, chisel, file, and the like, which goes into the handle, (b) The projecting part of the breech of a musket which goes into the stock, (c) The part of a sword-blade to which the hilt is fastened. (d) The tongue of a buckle. Tang (tang), n. A kind of sea-weed; tangle. Tangalung (tan'ga-lung), n. [Native name.] An animal of the civet kind, Viverra Tangalunga, belonging to Sumatra. It is about 2£ feet long, the head measuring nearly 7 inches iu length, and the tail 11 inches. The body is furnished with a close downy covering of soft hairs next the skin. Tangence (tan'jens). n. A touching; tangeney.—The point of tangence is the point of contact of a tangent line. Tangency (tan'jen-si), n. State of being tangent; a contact or touching.—Problem of tangencies, among the old geometers, a branch of the geometrical analysis, the general object of which was to describe a circle passing through given points, and touching straight lines or circles given in position, the number of data being always limited to three. Tangent (tan'jent), n. [L. tangens, tangents, ppr. from L. tango, to touch. Akin tact,} In geom. a straight line which touches or meets a circle or curve in one point, and which being produced does not cut it, as A, B, c, D, E, F in flg. 1. Euclid has shown that the straight line drawn at right angles to the diameter of a circle, from the extremity of it. is a tangent to the circle. In trigon. the tangent of an arc or angle is a straight line touching the circle of which the arc is a part, at one extremity of the are, and meeting the diameter passing through the other extremity. Thus, in fig. 2, let A H be a straight line drawn touching the circle Ade at A, one extremity of the arc Ab, and F»e- =»- meeting the diameter

IB produced, which passes through the other extremity B in the point II; then Ah is the tangent of the arc A B, or of the angle Acb, of which Ab is the measure. The tangent of an arc or angle is also the tangent of its supplement Thus, A ii is the tangent of the supplement A I, or of the angle A c I; for it is easy to see that the definition above given applies equally to the arc A B and to the arc A I. The arc and its tangent have always a certain relation to each other; and when the one is given in parts of the radius, the other can always be computed by means of an infinite series. For trigonometrical purposes tangents for every arc from 0 degrees to 90 degrees, as well as sines, cosines, SO., have been calculated with reference to a radius of a certain length, and these or their logarithms formed into tables. In the higher geometry the word tangent is not limited to straight lines, but is also applied to curves in contact with other curves, and also to surfaces.— Metlwd of tangents,


the name given to the calculus in its early period, when the equation of a curve is given, and it is required to determine the tangent at any point, this is called the direct method of tangents; and when the subtangent to a curve, at any point, is given, and it is required to determine the equation of the curve, this is termed the mvene method of tangents. The above terms are synonymous with the differential and integral calculus. — Satural tangents, tangents expressed by natural numbers. —Artificial tangents, tangents expressed by logarithms.— To go or jly off at a tangent, to break off suddenly from one line of action, train of thought, or the like, and go on to something else.

From Dodson and Fojjg's his mind Jlev off at a tangent to the very centre of the history of the queer client. Dickens.

Tangent (tan'jent), a. Touching; in geom. touching at a single point; as. a tangent line; curves tangent to each other.—Tangent galvanometer. See under GalvanOmeter. Tangtnt plane, a plane which touches a curved surface, as a sphere, cylinder, Ac. — Ta agent sailing. Same as Middlelatitude Sailing. See under MIDDLE.—Tangent scale, a form of breech sight for cannon. Its base has a curvature corresponding to the circumference of the breech of the gun, and its face is cut into Bteps corresponding to angles of elevation. — Tangent screw, a screw which acts in the direction of a tangent to an arc or circle. Such screws are used for minute adjustments of instruments of precision, as a considerable amount of rotation in the screw gives but a small amount of rotation to the circle or wheel. See Worm-wheel.

Tangential (tan-jen'shal), a. Pertaining to a tangent; in the direction of a tangent — ran//eiif*tfZ/orcc,(a)the same as centrifugal force, (b) In mach. a force which acts upon a wheel in the direction of a tangent to the wheel is said to be tangential, and this is the direction in which motion is communicated between wheels and pinions, or from one wheel to another. —Tangential plane. The same as Tangent Plane. See under Tangent, a.

TangentlaUy (tan-jen'shal-li), adv. In a tangential mauner; in the direction of a tangent

Tangerine (tan'jer-in), n. [From Tangier*.] An esteemed small-fruited variety of orange.

Tang-flBh (tang'fish), n. [From tang, a kind of sea-weed.] A name given to the seal in Shetland.

Tanghin (tan'gin), n. [The native name in Madagascar. ] A deadly poison obtained from the seeds of Tanghinia renenifera. See Tanghinia.— Trial by tanghin, a kind of ordeal formerly practised in Madagascar to determine the guilt or innocence of an accused person, by taking the tanghin poison. The seed was pounded and a small piece swallowed by each person to be tried. If the accused retained the poison in the system death quickly resulted—a proof of guilt; if the stomach rejected the dose little harm supervened—and innocence was established. By the influence of Christianity its use has been discontinued. Spelled also Tanguin.

Tanghinia (tan-gin'i-a), n. [See above.] A

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Madagascar. The poisonous quality resides in the kernel, and one seed is said to be sufficient to kill twenty persons. It has smooth alternate thickish leaves, and large terminal cymes of pink flowers, which are succeeded by large purplish fruits containing a hard •tone surrounded by a thick fibrous flesh. The genus is now of ten united with Cerbera. Tangibility (tan-ji-bill ti). n The quality of being tangible or perceptible to the touch or sense of feeling.

Tangibility and impenetrability were elsewhere made by hiiu the very essence of body. Cudworth.

Tangible (tan'ji-bl), a, [yt. tangible, L taitfjibiiig, from tango, to touch. See TACT. ] 1.Capable of being tonched or grasped.—

2. Perceptible by the touch; tactile.

By this sense (touch), the tangible qualities of bodies are discerned, as hard, soft, smooth. Locke.

3. Capable of being possessed or realized; real; as, tang&le security. 'Direct and tamfible benefits to ourselves and others.' Southey.—A. Readily apprehensible by the mind; clear; evident; as, his actings afforded tangible proof of his guilt.

This is an inference resting on broad and tangible proofs accessible to all the world. Buckle.

Tanglbleness (tan'ji-bl-nes), n. The state or quality of being tangible; tangibility.

Tangibly (tan'ji-bli), adv. In a tangible manner; so as to be perceptible to the touch.

Tangio (tangT), n. [From tang, a sea-weed. ] A water-spirit of theOrkneys which appeared sometimes as a little horse, at other times as A man covered with seaweed. Keightley.

Tanglerlne (tan'jer-in), n. Same as Tangerine.

Tangle (tang'gl), ft t pret. «fc pp. tangled; ppr. tangling. [Allied to lcel. thongnll, thann, Dan. and G. tang, tangle, sea-weed; nasalized forms corresponding to A. Sax. ttrgl, Goth, tagl, hair, a tail.] 1, To unite or knit together confusedly; to ravel; to interweave or interlace, as threads, so as to make it difficult to unravel the knot

His speech was like a tangled chain. Shak.

2. To insnare; to entrap; as, to be tangled in the folds of dire necessity. 'Tangled in amorous nets.' Milton.

The Dauphin . . . Stands with the snares of war to tangle thee. Shak.

8. To embroil; to embarrass; to confuse; to Involve; to complicate.

When my simple weakness strays
Tangled in forbidden ways. Crashav.

Clear-headed friend, whose joyful scorn.
Edged with sharp laughter, cuts atwain
The knots that tangle human creeds.


Tangle (tang'gl). v.i. To be entangled or

united confusedly. Tangle (tang'gl), n. [See the verb.] 1. A knot of threads or other things united confusedly, or so interwoven ns not to be easily disengaged; as, hair or yarn in tangles. Were it not better done as others use. To sport with Amaryllis in the shade. Or with the tangles of Nexra's hair. Milton,

2. pJ.Adeviceused In dredging, for sweeping the sea-bed in order to obtain delicate forms of marine life, too small or frangible to lie obtained by ordinary dredging. It consists of a bar supported on runners, and serving to drag after it a series of masses of hemp, each of which is a sort of mop which entangles the more minute and delicate forms of marine life without injuring them. — S. Any perplexity or embarrassment—4. A name given to some species of sea-weed belonging to the genus Laminaria (which see). Called also Tang—-5. A tall, lank person; any long dangling thing. [Scotch.]

Tangllngly (tang'gling-li), ado. In a tangling manner.

Tangly (tang'gli), a. Knotted; intertwined; intricate.

Tangly (tang'gli), a. Covered with sea-weed or tangle.

Prone, helpless, on the tangly beach he lay.


Tangram (tan'gram). n. A Chinese toy used sometimes in primary schools as a means of instruction. It consists of a square of thin wood, or other material, cut into seven pieces of various shapes, as triangle, square, parallelogram, which pieces are capable of being combined in various ways Bo as to form a great number of different figures.

Tangs (tangz). n. pi. Tongs. Written also

Taings. [Scotch.]

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Tangum or Thibet Horse.

Tan-house (tan'hous), n. A building in which tanner's bark is stored. Tanler (tan'i-er), n. Same as Tannier. TanlBt (tan'ist), ft. [Gael, tanaitfe, a lord, the governor of a country; in Ireland, the heir-apparent of a prince; from tan, a region or territory.] One of a family from which the chiefs of certain Celtic races were chosen by election: usually applied to the actual holder of the lands and honours, and frequently to his chosen successor. See TANIST RT.

It wns not unusual to elect a tanitt. or reversionary successor, in the lifetime of the reigning chief

Hail am. This family (the O'Hanlons) wcte tamisft of a Urge territory within the present coumy of Armagh.


Tanlstry (tan'ist-ri), n. [See Tanist.] A mode of tenure that prevailed among various Celtic tribes, according to which the tanist or holder of honours or lands held them only for life, and his successor was fixed by election. According to this custom the right of succession was not in the individual, but in the family to which he belonged; that is, succession was hereditary in the family, but elective in the individual. The primitive intention seems to have been that the inheritance should descend to the oldest or most worthy of the blood and name of the deceased. This was in reality giving it to the strongest, and the practice often occasioned bloody wars in families.

They were subject to the law of tanistry, of which the principle is defined to be. that the demesne lauds and dignity of chieftainship descended to the eldest and most worthy of the same blood. Hallatn.

Tank (tangk), n. [O. and Prof. E and Sc. stank, a tank, a pond, a wet ditch, from O.Fr. estanc (Mod. Ft. t'tang), Sp. entanqvc. It. stagno, a pond, a pool, from L. stagntan, a pond or pool of standing water (hence also stagnant). ] A cistern or vessel of large size to contain liquids; specifically, (a) that port of a locomotive tender which contains the water, (b) The stationary reservoir from which the tank of the tender is filled, (r) A cistern for storing water on board ship. (d) The cistern of a gas-holder, in which the lower edge of the inverted chamber is beneath the water-surface, forming a seal for the gas. (e) The term is also applied to any chamber or vessel in which oil. molasses, Ac,, is stored for sale in measured quantities or for occasional use.

Tank (tangk). n. 1. A small East Indian dry measure of about 240 grains weight,— 2. A weight for pearls in Bombay of 72 grains. Simmonds.

Tank (tangk), n. The end of a file, Ac., which is inserted into the handle; the tang. See Tang.

Tanka (tang'ka), n. 1. A kind of boat at Canton, Macao, &c, rowed by women. It Ib about 25 feet long.—2. A woman who plies in such a boat. Written also Tankia.

Tankard (tang/kard), n. [O.Fr. tanguart, tannvard, O.D. tanckaerd, a tankard, probably = tank with the sulfix -ard.] A large vessel for liquors, most commonly a rather large drinking vessel. With a cover, usually made of pewter, though also of gold, silver, &c. See Peg.Tankard, also TankardBearer.

Marius was the first who drank out of a silver laniard, after the manner of Bacchus. Artntthnet.

Tankard (tanglvard), a. Of or pertaining to a tankard; hence, convivial; festive; jovial. MUton.

Tankard-bearer (Ung'kard-bar-er),«. One who, when London was very imperfectl; supplied with water, fetched water in largr tankards holding two or three gallons from the conduits and pumps in the street.

To talk of your turn in this company, and torn* alone, like a tankard-lvartr at a conduit t Fie 1 B. Jmispn

Tankard-turnip (tangltard-ter-nip), n. A name given to such common flelu-turnif* as are of an oblong shape, and the roots of which in general grow a good deal shove the surface of the ground. There are several varieties.

Tank-engine (tangk'en-jin). n. A locomotive which carries its own water and fuel. and so dispenses with a tender, l>eitig itself a combined engine and tender.

Tankia (tang'ki-a). n. Same as TtmJca.

Tank-iron (taugk'i-ern), n. Plate-iron. thicker than sheet or stove-pipe iron, bu' thinner than boiler-plate.

Tanklingt (tangk'ling). n. A tinkling.

Tank-worm (tangk'we.rni), n. A nematode worm abounding in the mud in tanks tn India, and believed to be the young of the Filaria or Dracnnevlus medinenri*. or guinea-worm, a troublesome parasite on man. See Guinea-worm.

Tanllng (tan'ling), n. [Tan and term. -Una.) One tanned or scorched by the heat of the -ini. 'Hot summer's tanHnga. and Unshrinking Blaves of winter.* Shak.

Tan-mill (tan'mil), n, A mill for fanaktTsg up bark for tanning.

Tanna (tau'na), ». In India, a police station; also, a military post.

Tannable (tan'a-bl), a. Capable of being tanned.

Tannadar (tan'nn-dar), n. In India, the keeper or commandant of a tanna.

Tannage (tau'aj), n. The act, operation, or result of tanning; a tanning. "Got hiacheek fresh tannage.' Browning.

Tannate (tau'at). n. A salt of tannic acid; as, the tannate of potash or of magnesia The tannates are characterized by sinking a deep bluish-black colour with the persalb of iron.

Tanner (tan'er), n. One whose occupation is to tan hides, or convert them into leather by the use of tan.—Tanner's bark, the lark of the oak, chestnut, willow, and other trees, which abounds in tannic acid, and fo employed by tanners in the preparation of leather. See Tan.— Tanners watte, hidecuttings, Ac

Tanner (tan'er), n. [From Gypsy tano,little —the sixpence being the little coin as compared with a shilling.] A sixpence. [Slang]

Tannery (tan'er-i).n. 1. A plnce where the operations of tanning are carried on. -* The art or process of turning 'Miraculousimprovements in tannery/ Carlyle.

Tannic (tan'ik), a. Applied to a peculiar acid which exists in every j»art of all species of oak, especially In the bark, but is loan in greatest quantity in gall-nuU. Tannic acid, when pure, is nearly white, and not at all crystalline. It is very soluble in water, and has a most astringent taste, without bitterness. It combines with animal gelatine, forming an insoluble curdy precipitate which has been called tannogelatine. It derives its name from its property of combining with the skins of auimals anil converting them into leather, or tanning theroIt is the active principle in almost all astrirgent vegetables. The name tannic iddb generally applied to what is really a mixture of several substances. Called sw> Qtiercita7mie.

Tannier (tan'ni-cr). n. A plant of the genus Caladium (C mgittajvlium). the leaves of which are boiled and eaten in the west Indies.

Tannin (tan'in), «. Same as Tannic Acvt. See Tannic.

Tanning (tan'ing). n. 1. The practice, opcr atiou, and art of converting the raw hidfr> and skins of animals into leather by effecting a chemical combination between thr gelatine of which they principally consist and the astringent vegetable principle caliei' tannic acid or tannin. The object of the tanning process is to produce suchachenu cal change in skins as may render them unalterable- by those agents which tend to decompose them in their natural state, Uhi in connection with the subsequent operations of currying or dressing to bring them into a state of pliability and inipenneahi»t> to water which may adapt them for the many useful purposes to which leather i? TANNOMETEIi



applied. The larger and heavier skins subjected to the tanning process, as those of buffaloes, bulls, oxen, aud cows, are technically called kid?*; while those of smaller animals, as calves, sheep, ami goats, ore called skins. After being cleared of the hair, wool, and fleshy parts, by the aid of lime, scraping, and other means, the skins

ire usually steeped in an infusion of ground «>akbark. which supplies the astringent or taouiag principle, and thin converts them into leather Different tanners, however, vary much in the mode of couducting the process of tanning, and also the skins intended for different kinds of leather require to be treated differently. Various improvements have been made in the process of tanning, by which time and labour are much reduced; but it is found that the slow process followed by the old tanners produces leather far superior to that produced by quick processes.—2. Appearance or hue of a brown colour produced on the skin by the action of the sun.

Denies and distempers, incident to our faces, arc

imiuflhnnsly to be cured without any thought or

hkuwof pnde; as flushing, redness, inflammation,

pLBifles, freckles, ruggedness, tannine, and the like

Jcr. Taylor.

Tannometer (tan-om'et-er), n A hydrometer for determining the proportion of tannin m tannin? liquor.

Tan- pickle (tari'pik-1), n. The brine of a


The charge of the public was less than it had been when ths vessels were unsea worthy, when the sailors •ere riotous, when the food was alive with vermin. *hcn the dmik tasted like tan-pickle, and when the clothe? and hammocks were rotten. Maeaulay.

fta-ptt (Un'pit), w. 1. A sunken vat in which hides are laid in tan.—2. A bark-bed.

Taarec(tan'rek), n. See Tenbec.

Tan-spud (tan'spud). n. An instrument for peeling the bark from oak and other trees. (Local J

Tan-stove (tan'stov), n. A hot-house with a bark-stove; also, the stove itself.

Tansy (tau'ziX »- [Fr. tanaisie, tansy; Sp. atanatia. costmary; said to be from Gr. sthanatria, immortality, from the medicinal properties of some of the plauts of this kind, or because the dried flowers retain their natural appearance. The generic name Tanaeetu-m seems to he a latinized form of tang\i.) 1. The popular name of a genus of plants. See Tasacetcm. — 2. A favourite dish of the seventeenth century, and even later, madenfegffs, cream, rose-water, si israr. and the juice of herbs, as endive, spinage, rorrel. tansy, and baked with butter in a shallow pewter diah.

I had A pretty dinner for them; viz., a brace of Stewed carps, sti roasted chickens, and a jowl of salmon, hot, for the first conrse; a tansy, am! two nejii leagues, and cheese, the second. Pejys,

Twit (Unt), n, A small red spider. Called also Taint

Tantalise (tan'ta-Iiz), vt See Tantalize TantalisnKtan'tai-izmXn, [SeeTantalize.] \ punishment like that of Tantalus; a teasing or tormenting by the hope or near approach of that which is desired, but which hi not attainable; tantalization.

Is sot s\Kh a provision like tantalism to this people* J. Qttincy.

TtstaUte (tan'ta-lit), n. The ore of the metal tantalum: an opaque mineral, with imperfect metallic lustre and iron-black colour, found in Sweden and other place*.

Tajitalinni(tan-ta'li-um),n. See Tantalum.

Tantalization (tan'ta-liz-a"shon), n, Tho act of tantalizing, or the state of being tantalued.

kxenanfe's pains and totalizations in this night's iwiriii. were mote irksome to the beast than all his «her witridings. Gay ton.

Tantalize (tan'ta-llz). v.t. pret & pp. tantali^rd; ppr. tantalizing. [From Tantalus, a mythical king of Lydla or Phrygia, who for divolging the secrets of his father Zeus was condemned to stand In a lake of water, ■bich receded from him whenever he stooped to drink, while branches loaded »fth fruit, which always eluded his grasp, were hung over his head.] To tease or torJjMt by presenting something desirable to the view, but continually frustrating the "peetationa by keeping it ont of reach; to «cite expectations or fears which will not he realized; to tease; to torment.

Thy vain desires, at strife ">taia themselves, have tantalised thy life, i i^, fh-yden.

I »hc*Jd otherwise have felt exceedingly tantalized ■«a hfTag under the walls of so greet a city, full of fc-'jecn of novelty, without being able to enter it. Cook.


Tantalus Cup,

Syn. To tease, torment, excite, Irritate, provoke.

Tantalizer (tan'ta-liz-er), n. One that tantalizes.

Tantalizing (tan'ta-liz-ing),p and a. Teasing or tormenting by presenting to the view something unattainable.

This was tempting news, but tantalizing too.

Dickens. The major was going on in this tantalising way, not proposing, and declining to fall in love.


Tantalizlngly (tan'ta-liz-ing-li),^dv. in a tantalizing manner; by tantalizing. Tantalum (tan'ta-lum), 7i. Sym.Ta. Atwt 182. A rare metallic element discovered in the Swedish minerals tantnlite and yttrotautalite. It was long believed to be identical with Hiobium, but their separate identity has been established. Written also Tantalium. Tantalus (tan'ta-lus). n. [See Tantalize. The name was given because from their voracity these birds seem never to have enough. ] A genus of wading birds, family Ardeidaj or heron family. T. locnlator is the woodibis of America, which frequents extensive swamps, where it feeds on serpents, young alligators, frogs, and other reptiles. The Africau tantalus (T. ibin) was long regarded as the ancient Egyptian ibis, but It is rare in Egypt, belonging chiefly to Senegal, and is much larger than the true ibis.—Tantalus cup, a philosophical toy, consisting of a siphon so adapted to a cup that the short leg being in the cup. the long leg may go down through the bottom of it. The siphon is concealed within the figure of a man, whose chin is on a level with the bend of the siphon. Hence, as soon as the water rises up to the chin of the image it begins to subside, so that the figure, like Tantalus in the fable (see Tantalize), is unable to quench his thirst Tantamount (tan'ta-mount), a. [Fr. tant, L. tantits, so much, and ~E. amount.] Equivalent, as in value, force, effect, or signification; as, silence is sometimes tantamount to consent.

Put the questions into Latin, we are still never the nearer, they are plainly tantamount; at least the difference to nie is undisccmible. Watcrland,

Actions were brought against persons who had defamed the Diik-.' of >ork; and damages tantamount to a sentence of perpetual imprisonment were demanded by the plaintiff and without difficulty obtained. Maeaulay.

Tantamountt (tan'ta-mount), v.i. To be tantamount or equivalent 'That which in God's estimate may tantamount to a direct undervaluing.' Jer. Taylor.

Tantlty (tan'ti-ti), n. A term UBed by Mr. James Mill. See under Quantity.

Tantivy (tan-tiv'i), adv. [Said to be from the note of a hunting horn.] Swiftly; speedily; rapidly.—To ride tantkry, to ride with great speed.

Tantivy (tan-tiv'i). n. 1. A rapid, violent gallop. —2. t A devoted adherent of the court in the time of Charles II.; a royalist. [The nickname may be traceable to the foxhunting habits of the country squires of the period.]

Those who toolt the king's side were anti-Birminghams, abhorrers, and tantivies. These appellations soon became obsolete. Alaeuuiay.

Collier . . . was a Tory of the highest sort, such as in the court of his age was called a tantivy.


3.f A mixture of haste and violence; a rush; a torrent.

Sir. I expected to hear from you in the language of the lost groat, and the prodigal son, and not in such a tantn-y of language; but I perceive your communication is not always yea, yea. Ueaveland,

Tantivy (tan-tiv'i), v.i. To hurry off; to go off in a hurry. Miss Burney.

Tantlingt (tanHing), n. [Based on tantalize.} One seized with the hope of pleasure unattainable; one exposed to be tantalized.

Tantra (tan'tra), n. [Skr., from tan, to believe. ] A division, section, or chapter of certain Sanskrit sacred works'of the worshippers of the female energy of Siva. Each tantra has the form of a dialogue between Siva and his wife. The tantras are much more recent productions than the Vedas, possibly posterior even to the Christian era, although their believers regard them as a fifth Veda, of equal antiquity and higher authority.

Tantrism (tau'trizm), n. The doctrines of the tantras.

Tantrum (tan'trum), n. [Prov. E. tantum, from W. tant, tension, a sudden Btart or Impulse, a gust of passion, a whim; from root tan, seen also in E. thin,] A burst of Ill-humour; a display of temper; an ill-natured caprice: UBed chiefly in the plural; as, sheisinherfanfruwi*. Thackeray. [Colloq]

Tan-turf (tan'terf), n. See Tan-balls.

Tan-vat (tan'vat), n. A vat in which hides are Bteeped in liquor with tan.

Tan-yard (taii'ynrd), n. An inclosure where the tanning of leather is carried on.

Tanystome (tan'is-tom), n. [Gr. tanyn, to stretch, and stoma, the mouth.] One of those dipterous insects, which have a projecting proboscis, with the last joint of the antenna? undivided, including the gadflies.

Tanzlmat (tan'zi-mat), n. [Ar., pL of tanaim, a regulation! tit regulations. The name given to the organic laws, constituting the first contribution towards constitutional government in Turkey, published in 1S44 by Sultan Abdul-Medjid.

Tap (tap), v.t. pret. & pp. tapped; ppr. tapping. [ft. taper, to tap, to rap, to strike, tape, a tap, a slap, probably ultimately from the sound (comp. rap. rat-tat. pat), though the French verb is directly from the Teutonic; comp. Itov. G. tapp, tappn, a blow, G. tappen, to grope; Icel taprn, taepta, to tap or touch lightly.) 1. To strike with something small, or to strike with a very gentle blow; to pat gently; as, to tap one with the hand; to tap one on the shoulder with a cane.

He had always joked and tapped their shoulders when he went by. Dickens.

2. To put a new sole or heel on, as on a boot

or shoe. [Local.] Tap (tap), v.i. To strike a gentle blow; as,

he tapped at the door. Tap (tap), n. 1. A gentle blow; a slight blow

with a small thing.

She gives her right band woman a tap on the shoulder. Addison.

2. A piece of leather fastened upon the bottom of a boot or shoe in repairing or renewing the sole or heel.

Tap (tap), v.t. [A. Sax. tampon, to tap, to draw out liquor; L.G. and D. tappen, Icel. and Sw. tappa, G. zap/en; the lit. meaning is to draw out liquids by removing the tap or faucet See the noun.] 1. To pierce so as to let out a fluid; as, to tap a cask, a tree, a tumour, or anything that contains a pentup fluid.

Wait with patience till the tumour becomes troublesome, and then tap it with a lancet. Sharp*.

2. To treat in any analogous way for the purpose of drawing something from; as. it was discovered that the telegraph wires had been tapped.—To tap the admiral, t»> broach surreptitiously a cask of liquor: from the story that whena certain admiral's body was being conveyed to England in spirits, the sailors tapped the cask containing it and drank the liquor.—3. To cause to run out by broaching the cask or vessel.

He has been tapping- his liquors, while I have been spilling my blood. Addison.

Tap (tap), n. [A. Sax. tteppa (whence the verb toeppan, to tap), L.G. tappe, D. and Dan. tap, Icel. tappi, G. zap/en, a tap, a plug, a faucet; from same root as tip and top. Hence tapster, and from the German through the French tamp, tampion.] L A pipe or hole through which liquor is drawn from a cask.—2. A plug or spile to stop a hole in a cask.—3. The liquor, especially in respect of quality, which is drawn through a tap. [Colloq. ]

Sending out a meagre servant to offer a glass of 'something' to the post-boy, who answered that he thanked the gentleman, but if it was the same tap as he had tasted before, he had rather not. Dickens.

4. A tap-house or tap-room. —5. An instrument employed for cutting the threads of internal screws or nuts. It consists simply of an external or male screw of the required size, formed of steel, and more or less tapered, portions of the threads being filed away in order to present a series of cutting edges. This being screwed into the nut in the manner of an ordinary bolt, forms the thread required.— On tap, (a) ready to be drawn; as, we have Bass on tap (b) Broached or furnished with a tap; as. the barrel of Bass is on tap. Tap (tap), n. [Scotch.] A top; a head; a crest or the like.—Tap of tow, (a) the quantity of flax that is made up into a conical

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form to be put upon the distaff. (&) A very irritable person; a person easily inflamed, like a bundle of flax.

Tap-bolt (tap'bdlt), n A bolt with a head onoue end and a thread on the other end, to be screwed into some fixed part, instead of passing through the part and receiving a nut

Tap-cinder (tap'sin-der), n. The slag produced in the process of puddling iron.

Tape (tap), n. [A. Sax. tatppe, a fillet, probably like tapestry, tippet, from the Greek] 1. A narrow fillet or band; a narrow piece of woven work, used for strings and the like; as, curtains tied with tape. —2. In printing, one of the travelling bands which bold and conduct the sheet of paper in a steam-press; also, asimihirband in a paperfolding machine,—3. Spirituous or fermented drink. (Slang. ]

Tape (tap), v.t. To uBe sparingly; to make a little go a great way; ofteu with out. Sir W. Scott. [Scotch.]

Tapeism (tap'fzm), «. Same as Red-tapery,

Tape-line, Tape - measure (tap'Hn, tapmezh'ur), n. A tape marked with inches, &c, and inclosed in a case, used in measuring.

Tapen (tap'n), a. Made of tape. C. Reade.

Taper (ta'per), n. [A. Sax. tapor, taper; probably from the Celtic; comp. W. tampr, a taper, tamprn, to burn like a torch; Ir. tapar, a taper; also Skr. tap, to burn.] 1. A small wax candle; a long wick coated with wax or other suitable material. —2. A small lighted wax candle, or a small light.

Get me a taper in my study, Lucius. SMaM. 3. Tapering form; gradual diminution of thickness in an elongated object; that which possesses a tapering form; as, the taper of a spire.

From the beaver the otter differs in his teeth, which are canine; arid in his mil, which is feline.or a long Lifer. A*. Grew.

Taper (ta'per), a. [Supposed to be from the form of a taper.] Long and regularly becoming slenderer toward the point; becoming small toward one end; as, taper fingers.

Taper (ta'per), v. i. 1. To become gradually slenderer; to grow gradually less in diameter; to diminish in one direction; as; a sugar-loaf tapers toward a point. —2. To diminish; to grow gradually less.

We s;iw him t.iperinjr away ii'1 he appeared a mere speck, as he went down the mountain-side, and finally disappeared altogether. tV. H. Russell.

Taper (ta'per), v.t To cause to taper; to make gradually smaller especially in diameter.

Tapered (ta'perd), p. and a. Provided with tapers; lighted with a taper or tapers.

The tafier'd choir, at the late hour of prayer,
Oft let me visit. ll'.irton.

Tapering (ta'per-ing), a. Becoming regularly smaller in diameter toward one end; gradually diminishing toward a point.

Taperingly (ta'per-ing-li), adv. Ln a tapering manner.

Taperness (ta'per-ncs), n. The state of being tapor.

A Corinthian pillar has a relative beauty, dependent on its tafeme$s and foliage. Shtnstjne.

Tapestry (tap'es-tri), n. (OR tapecery, tapecerye, from Fr. tapUserie, tapestry, carpeting, from tapis, formerly tapestry, now a carpet, from L. tapes, tapete, from Gr. tapes, tapetos, a carpet, a rug.] A kind of woven hangings of wool and sjlk, often enriched with gold and silver, representing lliiures of men| animals, landscapes, &c , and formerly much used for lining or covering the walls and furniture of apartments, churches, Ac. Tapestry is made by a process intermediate between weaving and embroidery, being worked in a web with needles instead of a shuttle. Short lengtlis of thread of the special colours required for the design are worked in at the necessary places and fastened at the back of the texture. The term tapestry is also applied to a variety of woven fabrics having a multiplicity of colours in theirdesign, which, however, have no other characteristic of true tapestry. See Gobelin, - Tapestry carpet, the name given to a very elegant and cheap two-ply or ingrain carpet, the warp or weft being printed before weaving so as to produce the figure in the cloth.

Tapestry (tap'es-tri). v.t. pret. <fe pp. tapestried; ppr. tapestrying. To adorn with tapestry or as if with tapestry.

The Trosachs wound, as now, between gigantic walls of rock tapestried with broom and wild tu^es. Afacauiajf.

Tapet t (tap'et), n. [L. tapete. See TAPESTRY.] Worked or figured Btuff; tapestry. Spenser.

Tapetl (tap'e-ti), n. The Brazilian hare, the Lepus Bratilitnsis, a rodent mammal inhabiting South America.

Tapetless (tap'et-les), a. [Lit. not having a tap or head.] Heedless; foolish. Burns. [Scotch.]

Tape-worm (tap'werm), n. [From their resemblance in shape to a tape.] The name common to certain internal parasites (Entozoa) constituting the order Cestoidea or Taeniada of the sub-kingdom Annuloida, found in the mature state in the alimentary canal of warm-blooded vertebrates. Tape-worms are composed of a number of flattened joints or segments, the anterior of which, or head (which is the true animal), is furnished with a circlet of hooks and suckers, which enable it to maintain its hold on the mucous membrane of the intestines of its host. The other segments, called proglottides, are simply generative organs budded off by the head, the oldest being furthest removed from it, and each containing when mature male and female organs. The tape-worm has neither mouth nordigestive organs, nutrition being effected by absorption through the skin. The length of the animal varies from a few inches to several yards. The ova do not undergo development in the animal in which the adult exists. They require to be swallowed by some other warm-blooded vertebrate, the ripe proglottides being expelled from the bowel of the host with all their contained ova fertilized. The segments or proglottides decompose and liberate the ova, which are covered with a capsule. After being swallowed the capsule bursts and an embryo, called a proscolex, is liberated. This embryo, by means of spiuea, perforates the tissues of some contiguous organ, or of a blood-vessel, in the latter case being carried by the blood to some solid part of the body, as the liver or brain, where it surrounds itself with a cyst, and develops a vesicle containing a fluid. It is now called a scolex or hydatid, and formerly was known as the cystic iron;). The scolex is incapable of farther development till swallowed and received a second time into the alimentary canal of a warm-blooded vertebrate. Here it becomes the head of the true tape-worm, from which proglottides are developed posteriorly by gemmation, and we have the adult animal with which the cycle begins. Eight true tape-worms occur in man, Tamia solium, the cyBtic form of which produces the measles of the pig, being the most common. Another, T. mediocanellata, is developed from the scolex, which causes measles in the ox. The tupe-worm of the dog, T. serrata, is the adult form of the scolex which produces staggers in sheep. T. Kchinococcu* of the dog produces hydatids in man, through the development in man of its immature young, Tap-hole (tap'hol), n. The hole tn the puddlmg-furuace through which the tap-cinder is let out, and which during puddling is stopped up. Tap-house (tapTion*), n. A house where liquors are retailed; a bouse where beer is served from the tap. Shak. Taphrenchyma (taf-rcn'kt-ma). n. [Gr. taphros, a pit, and enchytna, tissue—en, in, and cheo, to pour.] In bot. pitted, dotted, or porous tissue; bothrenchyma. Tapinageft n. [Fr. tapinois, by Btealth.] A lurking or sknlking. Chancer. Tapioca (tap-i-6'ka), n. [Native American name.] A farinaceous substance prepared from cassava meat, which, while moist or damp, has been heated for the purpose of drying it on hot plates. By this treatment the starch-grains swell, many of them burst, and the whole agglomerates in small irregular masses or lumps. In boiling-water it swells up and forms a viscous jelly-like mass. (Ire. See Cassava. Tapir (ta'pir), n. [Fr. Sp. and Pg., from the native Brazilian name.] An ungulate or hoofed animal of the genus Tapirus. The nose resembles a small fleshy proboscis; there are four toes to the fore-feet, and three to the hind ones. The South American tapir (T. awericaiius) is the size of a small ass, with a brown skin, nearly naked. The flesh is eaten. Another American species has been discovered in the Cordilleras, the back of which is covered with hair, and the bones of the nose more elongated and

[merged small][graphic]

Malay Tapir (7". tnalayttnus).

is larger than the American species, and is a most conspicuous animal from the white back, rump, and belly contrasting so strongly with the deep sooty black of the rest of the body as, at a little distance, to give it the aspect of being muffled up in a white sheet. The tapirs are allied both to the hog and to the rhinoceros, but they are much smaller than the latter. Fossil tapirs are scattered throughout Europe, and among them is a gigantic species. T. giganteus, Cuv., which in size must have nearly equalled the elephant.

Tapirld» (ta-pir'i-de), n. pi The tapir tribe of animals, which differ from the pig tube in possessing only three toes on each hiud foot, and in the better development of the proboscis.

Tapirold (ta'pir-oid), a. [Tapir, and Gr. eidos, resemblance. ] Allied to the tapir or the tapir family.

Taplrotherium (ta'pir-5-the"ri-um).n. [Tapir, and Gr. t her ion, a wild beast] A fossil quadruped of the eocene period, having intimate structural relations with the existing tapirs.

TaplTUS (ta'pir-us), n. A genus of pachydermatous quadrupeds. See Tai'ir.

Tapis (tape), n. [Fr. See Tapestry. 1 Carpeting; tapestry. Formerly tapestry was used to cover the table in a council chamber; hence, to be on or upon the tapis, to t* under consideration, or on the table.

The house of lords sal rill past five at niebt Lord Churchill and Lord Godolphin went away, and gave no votes in the matter which n--xs ufvn the tapis. Henry L?rd CUrt'ii:*

Taplst (tii'pis), v.t. To cover with figures like tapestry. Holland.

Taplser,t n. [See Tapestry.] An upholsterer; a maker of tapestry. Chaueer.

Tapisnt (tap'ish), v.t or t [Prov. E lappu. to be close to the ground, from Fr. («) tap*, tapissant, to squat; of same origin as taper. to bung, to plug. See Tap] To cover; fc. conceal; to hide; to lurk in a covert or hiding-place; to He close to the ground, as partridges and game.

When the sly beast, fapish'd in bash or brier,
Nor art nor pains can rouse out of his


Taplte.tPf. To cover with tapestry. (to»

cer. Taplash (taplash), n. [From tap, a spigot,

and lash, probably = lush.] 1. Poor beer. Did ever any man run such ta/iasft as this «t &*

broaching! *>- /'■"•*"

2. The last miming of small-beer; the ilrep or refuse of liquor. 'The taplash of »troag ale and wine.' HaUiaeU.

Tapllng (tap'ling), n. The strong donNtleather made fast to the end of each piect of a flail. ,

Tapnet (tap'net), n, A frail or basket mane of rushes, &c.( in which figs are imported.

Tappe,t n. A tap or Fpigot. Chawer.

Tappet (tap'et), ?». [A dim. from tap. t" strike gently.] 1. A small lever connected with the valve of the cylinder of a steamengine.—2. Any small cam. more partita larly when it acts only during a small part of the revolution of the axis on which rt w fixed Hence also the separate teeth of » cam-wheel employed to lift a verticil tar or stamper, are called tappets when small and wipers when they are very large Tappet motion, the apparatus for workms: the Btcam-valve of a Cornish steam-enpnie. consisting of levers connected to the Voitc. moved at proper intervals by tappets or projecting pieces fixed on a rod connected to the beam.

Tappioet (tap'pis). v.t. and i Same iTapish. Sir W. ScoU.

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