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TANGIBILITY

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TANNING

Madagascar. The poisonous quality resides Tangum (tan'gum), n. A variety of piebald
in the kernel, and one seed is said to be suffi- horse found in Thibet, of which it is a native.
cient to kill twenty persons. It has smooth It appears to be related to the Tartar horse.
alternate thickish leaves, and large terminal
cymes of pink flowers, which are succeeded
by large purplish fruits containing a hard
stone surrounded by a thick fibrous flesh.
The genus is now often united with Cerbera.
Tangibility (tan-ji-bil'i-ti), n. The quality
of being tangible or perceptible to the touch
or sense of feeling

Tangibility and impenetrability were elsewhere
made by him the very essence of body. Cudworth.
Tangible (tan'ji-bl), a. (Fr. tangible, L.
tangibilis, from tango, to touch. See TACT.)
1. Capable of being touched or grasped. -
2. Perceptible by the touch; tactile.

By this sense (touch). the tangible qualities of bodies are discerned, as hard, soft, smooth. Locke. 3. Capable of being possessed or realized : real; as, tangible security. Direct and tangible benefits to ourselves and others.'

Tangum or Thibet Horse. Southey.-4. Readily apprehensible by the mind; clear: evident; as, his actings afforded Tan-house (tan'hous), n. A building in tangible proof of his guilt.

which tanner's bark is stored. This is an inference resting on broad and tangible | Tanier (tan'i-er), n. Same as Tannier. proofs accessible to all the world.

Buckle. Tanist (tan'ist ), n. [Gael, tanaiste, a lord, Tangibleness (tan'ji-bl-nes), n. The state

the governor of a country; in Ireland, the or quality of being tangible; tangibility

heir-apparent of a prince; from tan, a region

or territory. In a tangible

One of a family from which Tangibly (tan'ji-bli), adv.

the chiefs of certain Celtic races were chosen manner; so as to be perceptible to the

by election : usually applied to the actual touch. Tangie (tang'i), n. (From tang, a sea-weed.)

holder of the lands and honours, and freA water-spirit of the Orkneys which appeared

quently to his chosen successor. See TAN

ISTRY sometimes as a little horse, at other times as a man covered with sea-weed. Keightley. It was not unusual to elect a tanist, or reversionary

successor, in the lifetime of the reigning chief. Tangierine (tan'jēr-in), n. Same as Tan

Hallam, gerine.

This family (the O'Hanlons) were tanists of a large Tangle (tang'gl), v. t. pret. & pp. tangled ; territory within the present county of Armagh ppr. tangling. (Allied to Icel. thöngull,

Lower. thang, Dan. and G. tang, tangle, sea-weed;

Tanistry (tan'ist-ri). n. (See TANÍST.) A nasalized forms corresponding to A. Sax.

mode of tenure that prevailed among vari. toegl, Goth. tagl, hair, a tail.] 1. To unite or

ous Celtic tribes, according to which the knit together confusedly; to ravel; to inter

tanist or holder of honours or lands held weave or interlace, as threads, so as to make

them only for life, and his successor was it difficult to unravel the knot.

fixed by election. According to this cus

tom the right of succession was not in the His speech was like a tangled chain. Shak.

individual, but in the family to which he 2. To insnare: to entrap; as, to be tangled belonged; that is, succession was hereditary in the folds of dire necessity. "Tangled in in the family, but elective in the individual. amorous nets.' Milton

The primitive intention seems to have been
The Dauphin..

that the inheritance should descend to the Stands with the snares of war to tangle thee. Shak.

oldest or most worthy of the blood and 3. To embroil; to embarrass; to confuse; to

name of the deceased. This was in reality

giving it to the strongest, and the practice involve; to complicate.

often occasioned bloody wars in families. When my simple weakness strays Tangled in forbidden ways. Crashan.

They were subject to the law of tanistry, of which Clear-headed friend, whose joyful scom,

the principle is defined to be, that the demesne lands

and dignity of chieftainship descended to the eldest Edged with sharp laughter, cuts atwain The knots that tangle human creeds.

and most worthy of the saine blood. Hallam.

Tennyson. Tank (tangk), n. (O. and Prov. E. and Sc. Tangle (tang'gl), v.i. To be entangled or stank, a tank, a pond, a wet ditch, from united confusedly.

0.Fr. estanc (Mod. Fr. étang), Sp. estanque, Tangle (tang'gl), n. (See the verb.] 1. A It. stagno, a pond, a pool, from L. stagnum, knot of threads or other things united con a pond or pool of standing water (hence also fusedly, or so interwoven as not to be easily stagnant). A cistern or vessel of large size disengaged; as, hair or yarn in tangles.

to contain liquids ; specifically, (a) that part Were it not better done as others use,

of a locomotive tender which contains the To sport with Amaryllis in the shade,

water. (6) The stationary reservoir from Or with the langles of Nevera's hair. Milton. which the tank of the tender is filled. (C) A 2. pl. A device used in dredging, for sweeping

cistern for storing water on board ship. the sea-bed in order to obtain delicate forms

(d) The cistern of a gas-holder, in which of marine life, too small or frangible to be

the lower edge of the inverted chamber is obtained by ordinary dredging. It consists

beneath the water-surface, forming & seal of a bar supported on runners, and serving

for the gas. (e) The term is also applied to to drag after it a series of masses of hemp,

any chamber or vessel in which oil, molasses, each of which is a sort of mop which en

&c., is stored for sale in measured quantitangles the more minute and delicate forms

ties or for occasional use. of marine life without injuring them.

Tank (tangk). n. 1. A small East Indian 3. Any perplexity or embarrassment.-4. A

dry measure of about 240 grains weight.name given to some species of sea-weed be

2. A weight for pearls in Bombay of 72 grains. longing to the genus Laminaria (which see).

Simmonds. Called also Tang.-5. A tall, lank person;

Tank (tangk), n. The end of a file, &c., any long dangling thing. (Scotch.]

which is inserted into the handle; the tang. Tanglingly (tang'gling-li), adv. In a tang

See TANG ling manner.

Tanka (tangʻka), n. 1. A kind of boat at Tangly (tang'gli), a. Knotted; intertwined;

Canton, Macao, &c., rowed by women. It intricate.

is about 25 feet long.-2. A woman who plies Tangly (tang'gli), a. Covered with sea-weed

in such a boat. Written also Tankia. or tangle.

Tankard (tang'kard), n (0.Fr. tanquart,

tanquard, 0.D. tanckaerd, a tankard, proProne, helpless, on the tangly beach he lay.

bably=tank with the suffix -ard.] A large

Falconer. Tangram (tan'gram), n. A Chinese toy used

vessel for liquors, most commonly a rather sometimes in primary schools as a means

large drinking vessel, with a cover, usually of instruction. It consists of a square of

made of pewter, though also of gold, silver, thin wood, or other material, cut into seven

&c. See PEG-TANKARD, also TANKARDpieces of various shapes, as triangle, square,

BEARER. parallelogram, which pieces are capable of Marius was the first who drank out of a silver tank being combined in various ways so as to

ard, after the manner of Bacchus. Arbuthnot. form a great number of different figures. Tankard (tang kärd ), a. Of or pertaining Tangs (tangz), n. pl. Tongs. Written also to a tankard; hence, convivial; festive; joTaings. (Scotch.)

vial. Milton.

Tankard-bearer (tangkárd-bär-ér), n. One who, when London was very imperfectly supplied with water, fetched water in large tankards holding two or three gallons from the conduits and pumps in the street.

To talk of your turn in this company, and to me alone, like a lankard-bearer at a conduit: Fie!

B. Monsen. Tankard-turnip (tang'kard-tér-nip). . A name given to such common field-turnips as are of an oblong shape, and the roots of which in general grow a good deal above the surface of the ground. There are several varieties. Tank-engine (tangk'en-jin), n. A locomotive which carries its own water and fuel, and so dispenses with a tender, being itself a combined engine and tender Tankia (tang ki-a), n. Same as Tanka. Tank - iron (tangk'i-érn ), n. Plate-iron, thicker than sheet or stove-pipe iron, but thinner than boiler-plate. Tankling + (tangkling), 12. A tinkling. Tank-worm (tangk'werm), n. A nematode worm abounding in the mud in tanks in India, and believed to be the young of the Filaria or Dracunculus medinensis, or guinea - worm, a troublesome parasite on man. See GUINEA-WORM. Tanling (tan'ling). n. [Tan and term. -ling.) One tanned or scorched by the heat of the sun. Hot summer's lanlings, and the shrinking slaves of winter.' Shak. Tan-mill (tan'mil), n. A mill for breaking up bark for tanning. Tanna (tan'na), n. In India, a police sta

tion; also, a military post.
Tannable (tan'a-bl), a. Capable of being
tanned.
Tannadar (tan'na-dår), n. In India, the
keeper or commandant of a tanna
Tannage (tan'āj), n. The act, operation, or
result of tanning; a tanning. Got his cheek
fresh tannage.' Browning.
Tannate (tan'āt). n. A salt of tannic acid:
as, the tannate of potash or of magnesia.
The tannates are characterized by striking
a deep bluish-black colour with the persalts
of iron.
Tanner (tan'èr). n. One whose occupation
is to tan hides, or convert them into leather
by the use of tan-Tanner's bark, the bark
of the oak, chestnut, willow, and other
trees, which abounds in tannic acid, and is
employed by tapners in the preparation of
leather. See TAN. - Tanner's waste, hide-
cuttings, &c.
Tanner (tan'èr), n (From Gypsy tano, little
-the sixpence being the little coin as com-
pared with a shilling) A sixpence. [Slang)
Tannery (tan'ér-i), n. 1. A place where the
operations of tanning are carried on.--2 The
art or process of tanning Miraculous in-
provements in tannery. Carlyle.
Tannic (tan'ik), a. Applied to a peculiar
acid which exists in every part of all species
of oak, especially in the bark, but is found
in greatest quantity in gall-nuts. Tannic
acid, when pure, is nearly white, and not at
all crystalline. It is very soluble in water,
and has a most astringent taste, without
bitterness. It combines with animal gela-
tine, forming an insoluble curdy precipitate
which has been called tannogelatine. Il
derives its name from its property of com-
bining with the skins of animals and con.
verting them into leather, or tanning them.
It is the active principle in almost all astrin-
gent vegetables. The name tannic acid is
generally applied to what is really a mix-
ture of several substances. Called also
Quercitannic.
Tannier (tan'ni-er). n. A plant of the ge-
nus Caladium (C. samittafolium). the leaves
of which are boiled and eaten in the West
Indies.
Tannin (tan'in), n. Same as Tannic Acid.

See TANNIC.
Tanning (tan'ing). n. 1. The practice, oper-
ation, and art of converting the raw hides
and skins of animals into leather by effect-
ing a chemical combination between the
gelatine of which they principally consist
and the astringent vegetable principle called
tannic acid or tannin. The object of the
tanning process is to produce such a cheml.
cal change in skins as may render them un-
alterable by those agents which tend to de:
compose them in their natural state, and
in connection with the subsequent opera-
tions of currying or dressing to bring theni
into a state of pliability and impermeability
to water which may adapt them for the
many useful purposes to which leather is

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cal change those areir natura

TANNOMETER

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TAP

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applied. The larger and heavier skins sub. jected to the tanning process, as those of buffaloes, bulls, oxen, and cows, are techni. cally called hidex; while those of smaller animals, as calves, sheep, and goats, are called skins. After being cleared of the hair, wool, and fleshy parts, by the aid of lime, scraping, and other means, the skins are usually steeped in an infusion of ground oak bark, which supplies the astringent or tanning principle, and thus converts them into leather Different tanners, however, vary much in the mode of conducting the process of tanning, and also the skins intended for different kinds of leather require to be treated differently. Various improvements have been made in the process of tanning, by which time and labour are much reduced; but it is found that the slow process followed by the old tanners produces leather far superior to that produced by quick processes.-2. Appearance or hue of #brown colour produced on the skin by the action of the sun.

Diseases and distempers, incident to our faces, are industriously to be cured without any thought or blame of pride; as flushings, redness, inflammation, pinuples, freckles, ruggedness, tanning, and the like.

Yer. Taylor, Tannometer (tan-om'et-ér), n. A hydrometer for determining the proportion of tannin in tanning liquor. Tan - pickle (tan'pik-1), n. The brine of a tan-pit.

The charge of the public was less than it had been when the vessels were unseaworthy, when the sailors were riotous, when the food was alive with verinin, when the drink tasted like lan-pickle, and when the clothes and hammocks were rotten. Macaulay. Tan-pit (tan'pit), . 1. A sunken vat in which hides are laid in tan.-2. A bark-bed. Tanrec (tan'rek), n. See TENREO. Tan - spud (tan'spud). n. An instrument for peeling the bark from oak and other trees. (Local.) Tan-stove (tan'stov), n. A hot-house with

a bark-stove; also, the stove itself. Tansy (tan'zi), n. (Fr. tanaisie, tansy: Sp. atanasia, costmary; said to be from Gr. athanasia, immortality, from the medicinal properties of some of the plants of this kind, or because the dried flowers retain their natural appearance. The generic name Tanacetum seems to be a latinized form of tansy.] 1. The popular name of a genus of plants. See TANACETUM. -- 2. A favourite dish of the seventeenth century, and even later, made of eggs, cream, rose-water, sugar, and the juice of herbs, as endive, spinage, sorrel, tansy, and baked with butter in a shallow pewter dish.

I had a pretty dinner for them; viz., a brace of stewed carps, six roasted chickens, and a jowl of saloon, hot, for the first course: a tansy, and two Deats tongues, and cheese, the second. Penys. Tant (tant), n. A small red spider. Called also Toint. Tantalise (tan'ta-liz), v.t. See TANTALIZE. Tantalism (tan'tal-izm),n. (See TANTALIZE.] A punishment like that of Tantalus; a teasing or tormenting by the hope or near approach of that which is desired, but which is not attainable; tantalization. Is not such a provision like tantalism to this people?

3. Quincy. Tantalite (tan'ta-lit), n. The ore of the metal tantalnm; an opaque mineral, with imperfect metallic lustre and iron - black colour, found in Sweden and other places. Tantalium (tan-ta'li-um),n. See TANTALUM. Tantalization (tan'ta-liz-a"shon), n. The act of tantalizing, or the state of being tantalized

Roznante's pains and tantalizations in this night's round, were more irksome to the beast than all his other outridings.

Gayton. Tantalize (tan'ta-liz), v.t. pret. & pp. tantalized; ppr. tantalizing. (From Tantalus, a mythical king of Lydia or Phrygia, who for divulging the secrets of his father Zeus was condemned to stand in a lake of water, which receded from him whenever he stooped to drink, while branches loaded with fruit, which always eluded his grasp, were hung over his head.) To tease or torment by presenting something desirable to the view, but continually frustrating the expectations by keeping it out of reach; to excite expectations or fears which will not be realized; to tease; to torment.

Thy vain desires, at strife
With a themselves, have tantali:'d thy life.

Dryden.
I chonid otherwise have felt exceedingly tantalived
wish krieg under the walls of so great a city, full of
Olajects of novelty, without being able to enter it.

Cook.

SYN. To tease, torment, excite, irritate, Tantrism (tau'trizm), n. The doctrines of provoke.

the tantras. Tantalizer (tan'ta-liz-ėr), n. One that tan Tantrum (tan'trum), n. (Prov. E. tantum, talizes.

from W. tant, tension, a sudden start or Tantalizing (tan'ta-liz-ing), p. and a. Teas impulse, a gust of passion, a whim ; from ing or tormenting by presenting to the view root tan, seen also in E. thin] A burst of something unattainable.

ill-humour; a display of temper; an ill-naThis was tempting news, but tantalizing too.

tured caprice: used chiefly in the plural; as,

Dickens. she is in her tantrums. Thackeray. (Colloq.] The major was going on in this tantalising way, Tan-turf (tan'tért), n. See TAN-BALLS. not proposing, and declining to fall in love.

Tan-vat (tan'vat), n. A vat in which hides

Thackeray.
Tantalizingly (tan'ta-līz-ing-li), adv. In a

are steeped in liquor with tan.
tantalizing manner; by tantalizing.

Tan-yard (tan'yard), n. An inclosure where Tantalum (tan'ta-lum), n. Sym. Ta. At. wt.

the tanning of leather is carried on. 182. A rare metallic element discovered in

Tanystome (tan'is-töm), n. (Gr. tanyö, to the Swedish minerals tantalite and yttro

stretch, and stoma, the mouth.] One of tantalite. It was long believed to be iden

those dipterous insects, which have a protical with Niobium, but their separate

jecting proboscis, with the last joint of the identity has been established. Written also

antennæ undivided, including the gadflies. Tantalium,

Tanzimat (tan'zi-mat), n. [Ar., pl. of tanTantalus (tan'ta-lus), n. (See TANTALIZE.

sim, a regulation] Lit. regulations. The The name was given because from their vora

name given to the organic laws, constituting city these birds seem never to have enough.]

the first contribution towards constitutional A genus of wading birds, family Ardeidæ

government in Turkey, published in 1844 or heron family. T. loculator is the wood

by Sultan Abdul-Medjid. ibis of America, which frequents extensive

Tap (tap), v.t. pret. & pp. tapped; ppr. tapswamps, where it feeds on serpents, young

ping. [Fr, taper, to tap, to rap, to strike, alligators, frogs, and other reptiles. The

tape, a tap, a slap, probably ultimately from African tantalus (T. ibis) was long regarded

the sound (comp. rap, rat-tat, pat), though as the ancient Egyptian ibis, but it is rare

the French verb is directly from the Teuin Egypt, belonging chiefly to Senegal, and

tonic; comp. Prov. G. tapp, tapps, a blow, is much larger than the true ibis. -Tanta.

G. tappen, to grope ; Icel. tapsa, tæpta, to lus cup, a philosophical toy,

tap or touch lightly.) 1. To strike with

something small, or to strike with a very consisting of a siphon 50 adapted to a cup that the

gentle blow; to pat gently; as, to tap one short leg being in the cup,

with the hand; to tap one on the shoulder the long leg may go dow

with a cane. through the bottom of it.

He had always joked and tapped their shoulders

when he went by. The siphon is concealed

Dickens. within the figure of a man,

2. To put a new sole or heel on, as on a boot whose chin is on a level

or shoe. (Local.) with the bend of the siphon.

Tap (tap), v.i. To strike a gentle blow; as, Hence, as soon as the water

he tapped at the door. rises up to the chin of the

Tap (tap), n. 1. A gentle blow; a slight blow image it begins to subside,

with a small thing. so that the figure, like Tan- Tantalus Cup.

She gives her right hand woman a tay on the talus in the fable (see

shoulder.

Addison. TANTALIZE), is unable to quench his thirst. 2. A piece of leather fastened upon the botTantamount (tan'ta-mount), a. [Fr. tant, tom of a boot or shoe in repairing or renewL. tantus, so much, and E. amount.] Equiva ing the sole or heel. lent, as in value, force, effect,or signification; Tap (tap), v.t. (A. Sax. tæppan, to tap, to as, silence is sometimes tantamount to con draw out liquor; L.G. and D. tappen, Icel. sent.

and Sw. tappa, G. zapfen; the lit meaning Put the questions into Latin, we are still never the is to draw out liquids by removing the tap nearer, they are plainly tantamount ; at least the or faucet. See the noun.] 1. To pierce so difference to me is undiscernible. Waterland.

as to let out a fluid; as, to tap a cask, a tree, Actions were brought against persons who had de.

a tumour, or anything that contains a pentfamed the Duke of York; and damages tantamount to a sentence of perpetual imprisonment were de.

up fluid. manded by the plaintiff and without difficulty ob Wait with patience till the tumour becomes trouble. tained.

Macaulay. some, and then up it with a lancet. Sharpe. Tantamount t (tan'ta-mount), v.i. To be 2. To treat in any analogous way for the tantamount or equivalent. That which in purpose of drawing something from; as, it God's estimate may tantamount to a direct was discovered that the telegraph wires undervaluing.' Jer. Taylor.

had been tapped. - To tap the admiral, to Tantity (tan'ti-ti), n. A term used

broach surreptitiously a cask of liquor: from James Mill. See under QUANTITY.

the story that when a certain admiral's body Tantiyy (tan-tiv'i), adv. [Said to be from was being conveyed to England in spirits, the note of a hunting horn.] Swiftly; speed the sailors tapped the cask containing it ily; rapidly.-To ride tantivy, to ride with and drank the liquor. --3. To cause to run great speed.

out by broaching the cask or vessel. Tantivy (tan-tiv'i), n. 1. A rapid. violent

He has been tapping his liquors, while I have been gallop. -2. A devoted adherent of the court spilling my blood.

Addison. in the time of Charles II.; a royalist. The

Tap (tap). n. (A. Sax. treppa (whence the nickname may be traceable to the fox

verb tæppan, to tap), L.G. tappe, D. and hunting habits of the country squires of the

Dan. tap, Icel. tappi, G. zapfen, a tap, a period.)

plag, a faucet; from same root as tip and Those who took the king's side were anti-Birming. top. Hence tapster, and from the German hams, abhorrers, and tantivies. These appellations

through the French tamp, tampion.] 1. A soon became obsolete.

Maarulay.

pipe or hole through which liquor is drawn Collier ... was a Tory of the highest sort, such

from a cask.-2. A plug or spile to stop a as in the court of his age was called a tantivy.

Macaulay. hole in a cask.-3. The liquor, especially in 3. A mixture of haste and violence; a rush; respect of quality, which is drawn through & torrent.

a tap. (Colloq.] Sir, I expected to hear from you in the language of Sending out a meagre servant to offer a glass of the lost groat, and the prodigal son, and not in such something' to the post-boy, who answered that he a tantity of language; but I perceive your commu. thanked the gentleman, but if it was the same far as nication is not always yea, yea. Cleaveland. he had tasted before, he had rather not. Dickens, Tantivy (tan-tiv'i), v.i. To hurry off; to go 4. A tap-house or tap-room.-5. An instruoff in a hurry. Miss Burney.

ment employed for cutting the threads of Tantlingt (tant'ling). n. (Based on tanta internal screws or nuts. It consists simlize.] One seized with the hope of pleasure ply of an external or male screw of the reunattainable; one exposed to be tantalized. quired size, formed of steel, and more or Tantra (tan'tra), n. [Skr., from tan, to be less tapered. portions of the threads being lieve.) A division, section, or chapter of filed away in order to present a series of certain Sanskrit sacred works of the wor cutting edges. This being screwed into the shippers of the female energy of Siva. Each nut in the manner of an ordinary bolt, tantra has the form of a dialogue between forms the thread required. - On tap, (a) Siva and his wife. The tantras are much ready to be drawn; as, we have Bass on tap more recent productions than the Vedas, (6) Broached or furnished with a tap; as, possibly posterior even to the Christian era, the barrel of Bass is on tap. although their believers regard them as a | Tap (tap). n. (Scotch.) A top; a head; a fifth Veda, of equal antiquity and higher crest or the like.-Tap of tow, (a) the quanauthority.

tity of flax that is made up into a conical

ication of language: Prodigal son, and lang

TAP-BOLT

308

TAPPICE

Fossil taping

teux." them is a hroughout

form to be put upon the distaff. (6) A very irritable person; a person easily inflamed, like a bundle of flax. Tap-bolt (tap'bolt), n. A bolt with a head on one end and a thread on the other end, to be screwed into some fixed part, instead of passing through the part and receiving a nut. Tap-cinder (tap'sin-dér), n. The slag produced in the process of puddling iron. Tape (tăp), n. [A. Sax. tæppe, a fillet, pro. bably like tapestry, tippet, from the Greek. ) 1. A narrow fillet or band; a narrow piece of woven work, used for strings and the like; as, curtains tied with tape. -2. In printing, one of the travelling bands which hold and conduct the sheet of paper in a steam-press; also, a similar band in a paperfolding machine. — 3. Spirituous or fermented drink. (Slang) Tape (tāp), v.t. To use sparingly; to make a little go a great way; often with out. Sir

W. Scott. [Scotch.) Tapeism (täp'izm), n. Same as Red-tapery. Tape - line, Tape-measure (tāp'lin, täpmezh’úr), n. A tape marked with inches, &c., and inclosed in a case, used in measuring, Tapen (täp'n), a. Made of tape. C. Reade. Taper (tá'pér), n. (A. Sax. tapor, taper; probably from the Celtic; comp. W. tampr, a taper, tampru, to burn like a torch; Ir. tapar, a taper; also Skr. tap, to burn.) 1. A small wax candle; a long wick coated with wax or other suitable material.--2. A small lighted wax candle, or a small light.

Get me a taper in my study, Lucius. Shak. 3. Tapering form ; gradual diminution of thickness in an elongated object; that which possesses a tapering form; as, the taper of a spire.

From the beaver the otter differs in his teeth, which are canine; and in his tail, which is feline, or a long ta per.

N. Grew. Taper (tā'per), a. (Supposed to be from the form of a taper.) Long and regularly be. coming slenderer toward the point; becoming small toward one end; as, taper fingers, Taper (tä'pér), v.i. 1. To become gradually slenderer; to grow gradually less in diameter; to diminish in one direction; as, a sugar - loaf tapers toward a point. - 2. To diminish; to grow gradually less.

We saw him tapering away till he appeared a mere speck, as he went down the mountain-side, and finally disappeared altogether.

W. H. Russell. Taper (tā'pér), v.t. To cause to taper; to make gradually smaller especially in diameter. Tapered (ta'pérd), p. and a. Provided with tapers; lighted with a taper or tapers.

The ta per'd choir, at the late hour of prayer,
Oft let me visit.

Warton, Tapering (tā'pér-ing), a. Becoming regularly smaller in diameter toward one end; gradually diminishing toward a point. Taperingly (tá'per-ing-li), adv. In a tapering manner. Taperness (tā'pér-nes), n. The state of being taper.

A Corinthian pillar has a relative beauty, depend. ent on its taperness and foliage. Shenstone, Tapestry (tap'es-tri), n. (O. E tapecery, tapecerye, from Fr. tapisserie, tapestry, car

ry: peting, from tapis, formerly tapestry, now a carpet, from L. tapes, tapete, from Gr. ta pës, tapētos, a carpet, a rug.) A kind of woven hangings of wool and silk, often enriched with gold and silver, representing figures of men, animals, landscapes, &c., and formerly much used for lining or covering the walls and furniture of apartments, churches, &c. Tapestry is made by a process intermediate between weaving and embroidery, being worked in a web with needles instead of a shuttle. Short lengths of thread of the special colours required for the design are worked in at the necessary places and fastened at the back of the texture. The term tapestry is also applied to a variety of woven fabrics having a multiplicity of colours in their design, which, however, have no other characteristic of true tapestry. See GOBELIN. --Tapestry carpet, the name given to a very elegant and cheap two-ply or ingrain carpet, the warp or weft being printed before weaving so as to produce the figure in the cloth. Tapestry (tap'es-tri), v.t. pret. & pp. tapestried; ppr. tapestrying. To adorn with tapestry or as if with tapestry.

The Trosachs wound, as nove, between gigantic walls of rock la pestried with broom and wild roses.

Macaulay.

Tapet 1 (tap'et), n. [L. tapete. See TAPES approximating somewhat to the palæotheTRY.] Worked or figured stuff ; tapestry. rium. The T. malayanus or indicus is found Spenser.

in the forests of Malacca and Sumatra It Tapeti (tap'e-ti), n. The Brazilian hare, the Lepus Brasiliensis, a rodent mammal inhabiting South America. Tapetless (tap'et-les), a. (Lit. not having a tap or head.] Heedless; foolish. Burns. (Scotch.) Tape-worm (tāp'wèrm), n (From their resemblance in shape to a tape.] The name common to certain internal parasites (Entozoa) constituting the order Cestoidea or Tæniada of the sub-kingdom Annuloida, found in the mature state in the alimentary canal of warm-blooded vertebrates. Tape-worms are composed of a number of flattened joints or segments, the anterior of which, or head (which is the true

Malay Tapir (7. malayantıs). animal), is furnished with a circlet of hooks and suckers, which enable it to maintain its

is larger than the American species, and is hold on the mucous membrane of the intes

a most conspicuous animal from the white tines of its host. The other segments, called

back, rump, and belly contrasting so proglottides, are simply generative organs

strongly with the deep sooty black of the budded off by the head, the oldest being

rest of the body as, at a little distance, to furthest removed from it, and each con

give it the aspect of being muftled up in a taining when mature male and female or white sheet. The tapirs are allied both to gans. The tape-worm has neither mouth the hog and to the rhinoceros, but they are nor digestive organs, nutrition being effected

much smaller than the latter. Fossil tapirs by absorption through the skin. The length

are scattered throughout Europe, and of the animal varies from a few inches to

among them is a gigantic species, T. gigan. several yards. The ova do not undergo de

teus, Cuv., which in size must have nearly velopment in the animal in which the adult equalled the elephant. exists. They require to be swallowed by | Tapirida (ti-piri-dé), n. pl. The tapir tribe some other warm-blooded vertebrate, the

of animals, which differ from the pig tribe ripe proglottides being expelled from the

in possessing only three toes on each hiud bowel of the host with all their contained foot, and in the better development of the ova fertilized. The segments or proglottides proboscis. decompose and liberate the ova, which are Tapiroid (tā'pir-oid), a. (Tapir, and Gr. covered with a capsule. After being swal cidos, resemblance. ] Allied to the tapir or lowed the capsule bursts and an embryo,

the tapir family. called a proscolex, is liberated. This em: Tapirotherium (tā'pir-o-thé"ri-um),th. (T&bryo, by means of spines, perforates the pir, and Gr. thérion, a wild beast.) A fossil tissues of some contiguous organ, or of a quadruped of the eocene period, having inblood vessel, in the latter case being carried

timate structural relations with the existby the blood to some solid part of the body,

ing tapirs. as the liver or brain, where it surrounds it Tapirus (tā'pir-us), n. A genus of pachy. self with a cyst, and develops a vesicle con

dermatous quadrupeds. See TAPIR taining a fluid. It is now called a scolex or

Tapis (tä-pė), n. [Fr. See TAPESTRY) Carhydatid, and formerly was known as the

peting; tapestry. Formerly tapestry was cystic worm. The scolex is incapable of

used to cover the table in a council chamfarther development till swallowed and re

ber; hence, to be on or upon the tapis, to be ceived a second time into the alimentary

under consideration, or on the table. canal of a warm-blooded vertebrate. Here

The house of lords sat till past five at night. Lord it becomes the head of the true tape-worm,

Churchill and Lord Godolphin went away, and gave from which proglottides are developed pos no votes in the matter which was upon the ta pus. teriorly by gemmation, and we have the

Horry Lord Clareness. adult animal with which the cycle begins. Tapist (tā'pis), v.t. To cover with figures Eight true tape-worms occur in man, Tania like tapestry. Holland. solium, the cystic form of which produces | Tapiser,t n. (See TAPESTRY.) An uphol. the measles of the pig, being the most com sterer; a maker of tapestry. Chaucer. mon. Another, T. mediocanellata, is de Tapish t (täp'ish), v. t. or i Prov. E tappis, veloped from the scolex, which causes to be close to the ground, from Fr. (8) tapir, measles in the ox. The tape-worm of the tapissant, to squat; of same origin as taper, dog. T. serrata, is the adult form of the to bung, to plug. See TAP.) To cover; to scolex which produces staggers in sheep. conceal; to hide; to lurk in a covert or hidT. Echinococcus of the dog produces hyda ing-place; to lie close to the ground, as par. tids in man, through the development in tridges and game. man of its immature young,

When the sly beast, tapisk'd in bush or brier, Tap-hole (tap'hõl), n. The hole in the pud. Nor art nor pains can rouse out of his place. dling-furnace through which the tap-cinder

Fairfar. is let out, and which during puddling is

Tapite, t v.t. To cover with tapestry. Chau. stopped up.

cer. Tap-house (tap'hous), n. A house where

Taplash (tap'lash), nr. [From tap, a spigot, liquors are retailed; a house where beer is

and lash, probably=lush.] 1. Poor beer. served from the tap. Shak.

Did ever any man run such tapiask as this at first Taphrenchyma (taf-ren'ki-ma), n. [Gr. broaching taphros, a pit, and enchyma, tissue-en, in, 2. The last running of small-beer; the dregs and cheo, to pour.) In bot. pitted, dotted,

or refuse of liquor. “The taplash of strong or porous tissue; bothrenchyma.

ale and wine.' Halliwell. Tapinage.t n. [Fr. tapinois, by stealth.) A Tapling (tap'ling), n. The strong double lurking or sknlking. Chaucer.

leather made fast to the end of each piece Tapioca (tap-i-oʻka), n. (Native American of a flail. name.] A farinaceous substance prepared | Tapnet (tap'net), n. A frail or basket made from cassava meal, which, while moist or of rushes, &c., in which figs are imported. damp, has been heated for the purpose of Tappe, n. A tap or spigot. Chaucer. drying it on hot plates. By this treatment | Tappet (tap'et). n. (A dim. from tap, to the starch-grains swell, many of them burst, | strike gently.] 1. A small lever connected and the whole agglomerates in small irregu with the valve of the cylinder of a steanilar masses or lumps. In boiling water it engine. -2. Any small cam, more particuswells up and forms a viscous jelly-like larly when it acts only during a small part mass. Ure. See CASSAVA.

of the revolution of the axis on which it is Tapir (ta'pir), n. (Fr. Sp. and Pg., from the fixed. Hence also the separate teeth of 8 native Brazilian name.) An ungulate or cam-wheel employed to lift a vertical bar hoofed animal of the genus Tapirus. The or stamper, are called tappets when small, nose resembles a small fleshy proboscis; and wipers when they are very large there are four toes to the fore-feet, and Tappet motion, the apparatus for working three to the hind ones. The South Ameri- | the steam-valve of a Cornish steam-engine, can tapir (T. americanus) is the size of a consisting of levers connected to the valves, small ass, with a brown skin, nearly naked. | moved at proper intervals by tappets of The flesh is eaten. Another American spel projecting pieces fixed on a rod connected cies has been discovered in the Cordilleras, to the beam. the back of which is covered with hair, and Tappioet (tap'pis), v.t. and i Same * the bones of the nose more elongated and Tapish, Sir W. Scott.

B7. t'arey.

TAP-PICKLE

309

TARENTISM

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Tap-pickle (tap'pik-l), n. The uppermost New Zealand before the settlement by the Tardigrade (tär'di-grād), a. (L tardigradus and most valuable grain in a stalk of oats; | British

-tardus, slow, and gradus, step.) 1. Slowhence, fig. one's most valuable possession; Tarandus (ta-ran'dus), n. (Altered from paced; moving or stepping slowly. George in the case of a woman, chastity. Burns. L. tarandrus, supposed to be the reindeer. ] Eliot. -- 2. Of or pertaining to the family (Scotch.)

In some systems of zoology the specific Tardigrada. Tapping (tap'ing), n. In surg. paracente name of the reindeer (Cervus Tarandus); in Tardigrade (tär'di-grād), n. One of the sis, or the operation of removing fluid from others, a separate genus in which it is Tardigrada. any of the serous cavities of the body in classed under the name of Tarandus ran Tardigradoust (tär'di-grād-us), a. Moving. which it has collected in large quantity. gifer.

walking, or stepping slowly, slow-paced. Tappit-hen (tap'it-hen), n. (Scotch.) 1. A Taranis (tar'a-nis), n. [W. and Corn. taran, 'A slow and tardigradous animal.' Sir T. hen with a crest. - 2. A colloquial term de thunder.) A Celtic divinity, regarded as Browne. noting a kind of tankard containing 3 quarts, the evil principle, but confounded by the Tardily (tär'di-li), adv. In a tardy manner; op according to some 1 quart, so named Romans with Jupiter.

with slow pace or motion; slowly. Shak. from the knob on the lid as being supposed Tarannon-shale (ta-ran'on-shál). 12. In Tardiness (tär'di-nes), n. The state or quato resemble a crested hen.

geol. a pale-coloured shale constituting the lity of being tardy; as, (a) slowness, or the Their hostess appeared with a huge pewter mea upper member of the Llandovery formation slowness of motion or pace. (6) Unwillingsuring-pot, containing at least three English quarts, of Silurian rocks. It has few fossils.

ness; reluctance manifested by slowness. familiarly denominated a tappit-hen. Sir W. Scott. Tarantass (tar-an-tas'), n. A large covered (c) Lateness; as, the tardiness of witnesses Taproom (tap'röm), n. A room in which

travelling carriage without springs, but or jurors in attendance; the tardiness of beer is served from the tap.

balanced on long poles which serve the pur students in attending prayers or recitation. Tap-root (tap'röt), n. The main root of a

pose and without seats,much used in Russia. Tarditationt (tär-di-ta'shon), n. Slowness; plant which penetrates the earth directly

Tarantella (tar-an-tella ), n. [It., older tardity. To instruct them to avoid all downward to a considerable depth.

form tarantola, a spider. See TARANTULA.] snares of tarditation in the Lord's affairs."

A swift. whirling Italian dance in six-eight Herrick. Tap-rooted (tapʻröt-ed), a. Having a taproot

measure; also, the music suited for the Tardity (tär'di-ti), n. [L. tarditas, from Tapsalteerie (tap-sal-te'ri), adv. Topsy. dance.

tardus, slow.] Slowness; tardiness. turvy. Burns. (Scotch.)

Tarantism, Tarantismus (ta-ran'tizm, tar Our explication includes time in the notions of ve. Tapster (tap'stér), n. [Tap, and term.-ster.) an-tiz'mus), n. [It. tarantismo. See TA locity and tardity.

Sir K. Digby. A person employed in a tavern, &c., to tap RANTULA) 1. A fabulous disease, said to

Tardo (tär'do), a. (It.) In music, a term or draw ale or other liquor. have been endemic in the neighbourhood

signifying that the piece to which it is affixed Taptoo (tap-tó), n. A beat of drum. See of Tarentum, characterized by an excessive

is to be performed slowly. TATTOO. desire to dance to the sound of musical in

Tardy (tär'di), a. (Fr. tardif, tardy, slow, Tapu (ta-pu'), n. Same as Taboo. struments, and popularly supposed to be

backward, as if from a form tardivus, from Tapul (täpol),n. In milit. antiq. the sharp caused by the bite of the tarantula. Ac

L. tardus, slow (whence retard)) 1. Moving projecting ridge down the centre of some cording to others, the disease consisted in

with a slow pace or motion; slow. Check breastplates. a state of somnolency, which could not be

the tardy flight of time.' Sandy8.-2. Late; Taqua-Dut (tä'kwa-nut), n. The seed or overcome except by music and dancing.

dilatory; not being up to time. The tardy nut of the South American tree Phytelephas 2. A disease in its effects resembling St

plants in our cold orchards plac'd.' Waller. macrocarpa, introduced into this country

Vitus's dance and leaping ague.
Tarantula (ta-ran'tū-la), n. [It. tarantella,

You may freely censure him for being tardy in his under the name of vegetable ivory, and used

payments.

Arbuthnot. as ivory.

formerly tarantola; Fr, tarentule, from L. Tar (tär), n. [A. Sax. teru, tero, L.G. tär, Tarentum, now Taranto, in the south of 3. Characterized by or proceeding from re

luctance; unwilling to move or act; hangD. teer, Icel. tjara, G, theer, tar.

Italy, in whose

Origin unknown) 1. A thick, dark-coloured, viscid vicinity the ani

ing back. 'Tardy to vengeance, and with product obtained by the destructive distilmal is found.)

mercy brave.' Prior.-To take one tardy.t lation of organic substances and bituminous 1. A

to take or come upon one unprepared, un

kind of minerals, as wood, coal, peat, shale, &c. spider, the Ly

ready, or unaware. Wood-tar such as the Archangel, Stockholm, cosa tarantula,

But if thou think'st I took thee tardy, and American tars of commerce, is generfound in some

And darest presume to be so hardy,

To try thy fortune o'er afresh, of the warmer ally prepared by a very rude process. A

I'll wave iny title to thy flesh. Hudibras. conical cavity is dug in the ground, with a

parts of Italy. cast-iron pan at the bottom, from which When full

Tardyt (tär'di), v. t. pret. & pp. tardied; ppr. leads a funnelBillets of wood (such as grown it is

tardying. To delay; to make tardy; to hiupine or fir) are thrown into this cavity, and about the size

der. of a chestnut,

Which had been done, being covered with turf are slowly burned without flame. The tar which exudes during and

But that the good mind of Camillo tardied is of a

My swift command.

Shak. combustion is conducted off through the

brown colour. Tarantula (Lycosa tarantula). funnel. In this country wood-tar is chiefly

Its bite was at a, Arrangement of the eyes. Tare (tār), n. (Probably shortened from obtained as a by-product in the destructive one time sup

some of the provincial names such as tareposed to be dangerous, and to cause the dig. fitch, targrass, which seem to be from the distillation of wood for the manufacture of

ease called tarantism (which see); it is now provincial tare, brisk, eager; comp. quickwood-vinegar (pyroligneous acid) and woodspirit (methyl alcohol). It has an acid re

known not to be worse than the sting of a grass.] The common name of different action, and contains various liquid matters common wasp.

species of Vicia, a genus of leguminous of which the principal are methyl-acetate,

Such three weeks of swearing! Saw the sun ever

plants, known also by the name of vetch. acetone, hydrocarbons of the benzene series,

such a swearing people? Have they been bit by a There are numerous species and varieties swearing tarantula /

Carlyle. of tares or vetches, many of which have and a number of oxidized compounds, as carbolic acid, Paraffin, anthracene, naph.

2. A dance; also, the music to which it is been proposed to be introduced into genthalene, chrysene, &c., are found among its performed. See TARANTELLA.

eral cultivation, but that which is found solid products. It possesses valuable anti

Tarantulated (ta-ran'tű-lat-ed), p. and a. best adapted for agricultural purposes is septic properties, owing to the creasote it

Bitten by a tarantula; suffering from taran the common tare (Vicia sativa), of which contains, and is used extensively for coating tism.

there are two principal varieties, the sun

mer and winter tare. They afford excellent and preserving timber and iron in exposed Taraquira (tar-a-kē'ra), n. A species of

food for horses and cattle, and hence are situations, and for impregnating ships' ropes

American lizard.

Taraxacine (ta-rak'sa-sin), n. and cordage. Coal-tar is extensively ob

extensively cultivated throughout Europe.

A crystalliztained in Britain in the process of gas manu

able substance extracted from the Taraxa (See VETCH.) The name tare is also given facture. It is a very valuable substance,

cum officinale or dandelion, and on which to two British vetches which are sometimes in as much as the compounds obtained from the active diuretic and tonic properties of separated from Vicia under the name of

Ervum, E. hirsutum, or hairy tare, and E. the rootstock probably depend. it form the starting points in so many chemical manufactures. See COAL-TAR. — 2. A

Taraxacum (ta-rak'sa-kum), n. (From old tetraspermum, or smooth tare. Both are sailor: so called from his tarred clothes,

tarasacon, Ar, or Per. tarashaqün, taraxa annuals, and are found growing in fields and hands, &c. Hearts of oak are our ships,

cum or wild endive.) A genus of plants, hedges. The tare mentioned in Scripture jolly tara are our men.' Sea song.

(Mat. xiii. 36) is supposed to be the Lolium nat, order Compositæ. T. officinale is the dandelion (which see).

temulentum or darnel (which see). In Senates bold, and fierce in war

Taraxis (ta-rak'sis), n. (Gr., from tarassó, Tare (tär), n. (Fr. tare, Pr. It. and Sp. tara, A land commander, and a tar. Swift.

to confound.) A slight inflammation of the 10. Sp. atara, tare; from Ar. tarha, or, with Tar (tär), v. t. pret. & pp. tarred; ppr. tarring. | eye.

the article, at-tarha, waste, tare.) In com. To smear with tar; as, to tar ropes. To tar | Tarboggin (tär-bogʻin), n. The name in a deduction made from the gross weight of and feather a person, to pour heated tar Canada for a light sleigh or sledge. Also goods as equivalent to the real or approxiover him and then cover with feathers. called Toboggin.

mate weight of the cask, box, bag, or other This mode of punishment, according to Tarboosh, Tarbouche (tär'bösh), n. (Ar. package containing them. Tare is said to Rymer's Fadera, is as old at least as the name.) A red woollen skull - cap, usually be real when the true weight of the package crusades; it is a kind of mob vengeance still ornamented with a blue silk tassel, and worn is known and allowed for, average when it taken on extremely obnoxious personages by the Egyptians, Turks, and Arabs; a fez. is estimated from similar known cases, and in some parts of America. Tarcelt (tär'sel), n. See TERCEL.

customary when a uniform rate is deducted. Tart (Lir), v.t. (Also tarre, tart, and tarry, Tardationt (tär-da'shon), n. (From L. tardo, Tare (tar), v.t. pret. & pp. tared; ppr. taring. from A. Sax. tirian, tirigan, tyrgan, Sc. targe, tardatum, to make slow, from tardus, slov. To ascertain or mark the amount of tare. tairge, D. tergen, to irritate, provoke, vex. See TARDY.) The act of retarding or delay. Tare (tär), a pret. of tear, now obsolete or See also TARRY.) To incite; to hound; to ing: retardation. Bailey.

poetical. provoke. See TARRE. Tardigrada (tär'di-grå-da), n. pl. 1. Cuvier's

Dragons of the prime Tara (ta'ra), n. A kind of plant. See TARO. name for the first family of edentate mam

That tare each other in their slime. Tennyson. Tara-fern (ta'ra-férn), n. A species of fern mals or quadrupeds, comprising, of living Tarentella (tar-en-tella), n. Same as Ta(Pteris esculenta) from the root or rhizome genera, the sloth only. See SLOTH. - 2. A rantella. of which a flour was obtained which formed family of mites. Same as Macrobiotidæ Tarentism (ta-ren'tizm), a. Same as Taran4 staple article of food to the natives of (which see).

tism (which see).

TARENTULA

310

TARRY

at so ms, whose be founmak.

Tarentula (ta-ren'tū-la), n. Same as Ta- | together form a paraphrase of the whole of ably acute sense of smell. Their colour is rantula.

the Old Testament, except Nehemiah, Ezra, invariably tan or mouse, with black mane Targant, Torgant (tär gant, tor'gant), a. and Daniel

and tail. During the cold season their hair [A corruption for torquent, from L. torquens, Targumist (tär'gum-ist), n. The writer of torquentis, ppr. of iorqueo, to twist.] In a Targum; one versed in the language and her see TORQUED.

literature of the Targums. Milton. Targe (täri), n. A target or shield. See Tarhood (tär'hud), n. The state of being a TARGET, 1. (Now only poetical. ]

tar or sailor; sailors collectively. H. Walpole. Woe is my heart

Tarian (tari-an ). n. [W.] A kind of anThat the poor soldier that so richly fought,

cient British shield. Whose rags shamed gilded arms, whose naked breast Tariff (tar'if), n. (Fr. tarif, Sp. tarifa, from Stepp'd before targes of proof, cannot be found.

the Ar. tarif, explanation, information, a Ill fared it then with Roderick Dhu,

list of things, particularly of fees to be paid, That on the field his large he threw,

from 'arafa, to inform.] 1. A list or table Whose brazen studs and tough bull-hide

of goods with the duties or customs to be Had death so often dash'd aside. Sir W. Scott,

paid for the same, either on importation or Targe, Tairge (tärj, tărj), v.t. (A. Sax. tiri. exportation; a list or table of duties or gan, tyrgan, D. tergen, to vex, provoke, irri customs to be paid on goods imported or tate. See TAR, to incite.) (Scotch.) 1. To exported whether such duties are imposed beat; to strike. -2. To keep in order or by the government of a country or agreed under discipline.

on by the governments of two countries Callum Beg took this opportunity of discharging

holding commerce with each other. The an obligation, by mounting guard over the hereditary principle of a tariff depends upon the com

Tarpan of Northern Asia, tailor of Slioch nan Iyor; and, as he expressed him mercial policy of the state by which it is self, targed him tightly till the finishing of the job. framed, and the details are constantly fluc

is long and soft, lying so close as to feel like Sir W. Scott,

tuating with the change of interests and the a bear's fur, and then it is grizzled; in sum3. To rate or reprimand severely.-4. To exwants of the community, or in pursuance

mer it falls much away, leaving only a cerercise; to catechize or cross-examine severely. Burns.

of commercial treaties with other states. tain quantity on the back and loins. They Target (tär get), n. [Formerly written also 2. A table or scale of charges generally. are sometimes captured by the Tartars, but

are reduced with great difficulty to subjec3. In the United States, the term applied to targuet, a dim. form from 0. Fr. targue (also

tion. targe), a kind of targuet or shield almost

a law of congress fixing the import duties. square' (Cotgrave); targué, 'armed or cov

Tariff (tar'if), v.t. To make a list of duties Tarpaulin, Tarpauling (tär-pa'lin, tår-pa'on, as on imported goods.

ling), n. ered with a targuet' (Cotgrave); the French

Tar, and O. E. pauling, a covering being probably taken from O.H.G. zarga, Tarin (tar'in), n. (Fr.] The siskin.

for a cart or wagon, equivalent to palling Mod. G. zarge, a frame, border, brim, &c.

Tarlatan (tär la-tan), n. [Perhaps Milanese See PALL.] 1. Canvas well daubed with tar,

tariantanna, linsey-Woolsey.) A thin cotton The word in similar forms is widely spread,

and used to cover the hatchways, boats, &c, probably by borrowing. ] 1. A shield or

on shipboard, and also to protect agricul. stuff, resembling gauze, used in ladies' buckler of a small kind, circular in form, dresses.

tural produce, goods in transit, &c., from Tarn (tärn), n (Icel. tjörn, a tarn.] 1. A

the effects of the weather.-2. A sailor's hat small mountain lake or pool, especially one covered with painted or tarred cloth; a which has no visible feeders. Fled like a

painted or tarted canvas cover generally, glittering rivulet to the tarn.' Tennyson.

3. A sailor. (Colloq) And soon a score of fires I ween,

To a landsman, these larpaulins, as they were From height, and hill, and cliff were seen,...

called, seemed a strange and half-savage race. They gleamed on many a dusky tarn,

Vacauay Haunted by the lonely earn. Sir IP. Scott.

Written also Tarpawling.

Tarpeian (tär-pé'i-an), a. Epithet of a 2. A bog; a marsh; a fen. (Local.]

rock on the Capitoline hill at Rome over Tarnation (tär-nā'shon), n. A euphemistic

which persons convicted of treason to the substitute for Damnation: a softened oath

state were hurled. It was so named, acin use among Americans. Used also adjec

cording to tradition, from Tarpeia, a vestal tively and adverbially; as, it's tarnation

virgin of Rome, and daughter of the goverstrange. 'A tarnation long word.' Ld.

nor of the citadel on the Capitoline, who, Lytton.

covetous of the golden bracelets worn by Leather-covered Highland Target. Tarnish (tär'nish), v.t. [Fr. ternir, to make

the Sabine soldiery, opened the gate to them dim, ppr. ternissant, from 0.H.G. tarnjan, cut out of ox-hide, mounted on light but

on the promise of receiving what they wore to cover, to conceal; cog. A. Sax. dernan, Sc.

on their left arms. Disgusted with her strong wood, and strengthened by bosses, dern, to conceal, to hide; A. Sax, derne, se

treachery they overwhelmed and crushed spikes, &c., often covered externally with cretly.) 1. To soil by an alteration induced by

her to death with their shields, and she was a considerable amount of ornamental work. the air, or by dust, and the like; to diminish

buried at the base of the rock. These four came all a-front and mainly thrust at or destroy the lustre of; to sully; as, to tarnish me. I made me no more ado, but took all their

Bear him to the rock Tarpeian, and from thence a metal; to tarnish gilding; to tarnish the

Shas seven points in my larget, thus.

Into destruction cast him.
Shak.

brightness or beauty of colour.-2. To give, 2. The mark set up to be aimed at in as to gold or silver, a pale or dim cast with

Tarquinish (tär’kwin-ish), a. Like Tarquin, archery, musketry, or artillery practice and out either polishing or burnishing it.-3. To

a king of Rome; proud; haughty. the like. An archery target usually con diminish or destroy the purity of; to cast a

Tarrace, Tarrass (tar'as), . [G. tarrass, sists of leather or canvas stuffed with straw, stain upon; to sully; as, to tarnish reputa

trass, tarrace, probably of similar origin to and painted with concentric rings of various tion or honour.

Fr. terrasse, earthwork, from tere, L. terra, colours, the centre generally golden. The tar

earth.) A volcanic earth of the Eifel dis.

Let him pray for resolution, that he may discover gets used in rifle practice in Britain are gen nothing that may discredit the cause, tarnish the

trict of the Rhine used as a cement; also, a erally square or oblong metal plates, and are

glory, and weaken the example of the suffering. plaster or cement made in Holland from a divided into three or more sections, called

Jeremy Collier. soft rock near Collen. Written also Terrace

Tarnish (tär'nish), v.i. To lose lustre; to bull's-eye, inner (or centre), and outer, count

and Trass. See TRASS. become dull; as, polished substances or ing from the centre of the target to its

Tarragon (tar'a-gon). 22. 10. Fr. targon (Mod. gilding will tarnish in the course of time. edges; some targets have an additional di

Fr. estragon), Sp. taragona, It. targone, tarvision called a magpie, situated between the

If a fine object should tarnish by having a great ragon, from L.L. name draco, for the proper

many see it, or the music should run mostly into one outer and the inner. It is the marksman's

Latin name dracunculus, a dim. of draco, a man's ears, these satisfactions would be made inaim to put his shots as near the central closure.

dragon. A plant of the genus Artemisia,

Feremy Collier. point as possible, as if he hits the bull's-eye

4. Dracunculus, used for perfuming vinegar Tarnish (tärnish), n. A spot; a blot; soiled there are counted in his favour 5 points,

in France. state. the centre 4 points, the magpie 3 points, Tarnisher (tär'nish-ér), n. One who or that

Tarret (tår), v.t. To stimulate; to urge on; and the outer 2 points or some similar pro

to provoke. See TAR, to provoke. which tarnishes. portions. Taro (tä'ro), n. (Native name. ) A plant of

Like a dog that is compelled to fight, Targeted (tär' get-ed), a. Furnished or

Snatch at his master that doth tàrre him on the genus Colocasia, C. esculenta, C. mac

Saat armed with a target; having a defensive

rorhiza, and other species, nat. order Ar- Tarriance (tar'i-ans), 7. From tarry.) A covering like a target. Not rough and tar

aceae, cultivated in the Pacific Islands for tarrying: delay; lateness. [Obsolete of geted as the rhinoceros.' Bp. Gauden.

the sake of its esculent root, which, although poetical.] Targeteer, Targetier (tär-get-ēr'), n. One pungent and acrid in its natural state, be

So feared the king. armed with a target. comes mild and palatable by washing or And, after two days' tarriance there, return'd.

TONUSAN For horsemen and for targetiers none could with him boiling after being deprived of its rind. A compare.

A dog. See TERRIER. Chapman,

Tarrier (tar'i-er), n. pleasant flour is also made of the roots or Targum (tär'gum), n. [Chal. targûm, inter- tuber, and the leaves are used as spinach.

Tarrier (tar'i-ér), n. One who or that which pretation, from targem, to interpret.) A The name is also given to the allied Cala

tarries or delays. translation or paraphrase of the Hebrew dium esculenta, whose tuberous root and

Writs of error are the larriers that keep his client Scriptures in the Aramaic or Chaldee lan leaves are used in the same manner.

undoing somewhat the longer. Sir T. Ooerbury guage or dialect, which became necessary Taro (tä'ro), n. A Maltese money of account, Tarrock (tar'ok), n. [Greenland tatarrok, after the Babylonish captivity, when Hebrew worth about 13d. sterling.

tarrock.) A name given to the young of began to die out as the popular language. | Taroc (tar'ok), n. A game at cards played the Larus tridactylus, or kittiwake gull The Targum, long preserved by oral trans- with seventy-eight cards.

See KITTIWAKE. mission, does not seem to have been com Tarpan (tar' pan). n. The wild horse of Tarrow (tar'o), v. i. To delay: to hesitate; mitted to writing until the first centuries Tartary, belonging to one of those races to feel reluctance; to loathe : to reluse of the Christian era. The most ancient and which are by some authorities regarded as [Scotch.) valuable of the extant Targums are those original, and not descended from domestic | Tarry (tar'i), v.i. pret. & pp. tаrried; ppr. ascribed to or called after Onkelos and Jon animals. They are not larger than an ordi tarrying. This word seems to be due to athan Ben Uzziel. All the Targums takennary mule, are migratory, and have a toler the confusion of two others. ... These two

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