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Scream (skrem), v. [Comp. Icel. skramsa, to scream; probably imitative, like screech, skrick, &c.] 1. To cry out with a shrill voice; to utter a sudden, sharp outcry, as in a fright or in extreme pain; to utter a shrill, harsh cry; to shriek. I beard the owl scream and the crickets cry.
Shak. So sweetly screams if it (a mouse) comes near her, She ravishes all hearts to hear her.
Swift. 2. To give out a shrill sound; as, the railway whistle screamed. Scream (skrēm), n. 1. A shriek, or sharp shrill ery uttered suddenly, as in terror or in pain. "Screams of horror rend the af. frighted skies. Pope.-2. A sharp, harsh sound. The scream of a madden'd beach drary'd down by the wave.' Tennyson. Screamer(skrēm'er), n. 1. One that screams. 2 A name given to two species of South American grallatorial birds, the Palamedea cornuta and Chauna chavaria. They are remarkable for their harsh and discordant voices, and for the sharp hard spurs with which the wings are armed. See PALAMEDR4-3 Something very great; a whacker; a bouncing fellow or girl. (Slang.) Screaming (skrēm'ing), p. and a. 1. Crying or sounding shrilly. -2 Causing a scream; as a screaming farce, one calculated to make the audience scream with laughter. Scree (skrē), n (Comp. Icel. skritha, a lana. slip on a hill-side.) A small stone or pebble; in the pl. debris of rocks; shingle; a talus; accumulations of loose stones and fragments at the base of a cliff or precipice. Grey cairns and screes of granite.' Kingsley.
Before I had got half way up the screes, which gare way and rattled beneath me at every step.
Southey. Screech (skréch), v. i. (A softened form of steak (which see), Icel. skrækja, skrækta, to screech, skroekt, a screech, Sw. skrika, Dan. skrige, to screech: an imitative word; comp. Sc. ergich, Gael sgreach, W. yegrechiau, to screech) To cry out with a sharp, shrill voice; to scream; to shriek. “The screechowl screeching loud.' Shak.
These birds of night ... screeched and clapped their wings for a while.
Bolingbroke. Screech (skréch), n. 1. A sharp, shrill cry, such as is uttered in acute pain or in a sudden fright: & harsh scream. The birds obscene... with hollow screeches.' Pope.
A screech or shriek is the cry of terror or passion; perhaps it may be called sharper and harsher than a scream; but, in human beings especially, scarcely to be distinguished from it.
C. Richardson. 2 A sharp, shrill noise; as, the screech of a railway whistle. Screech-owl (skrich'oul). n. An owl that utters a harsh, disagreeable cry at night, formerly supposed to be ominous of evil; an Owl, as the barn - owl, that screeches, in opposition to one that hoots.
The owl at Freedom's window scream'd,
The screech-owl, prophet dire. Churchill. Screechy (skrēch'i), a. Shrill and harsh;
like a screech. Cockburn. Screed (skred), n. (Prov. E. screed, a shred,
Sax screâde, a shred. See next entry.) In plastering, (a) a strip of mortar of about 6 or 8 inches wide, by which any surface about to
be plastered is divided into bays or compartments. The screeds are 4, 5, or 6 feet apart, according to circumstances, and are accurately formed in the same plane by the plumbrule and straight-edge. They thus form gauges for the rest of the work, the interspaces being latterly filled out flush with them. (6) A strip of wood similarly used. Screed (skrēd), n. (A form of shred; a Scotch word. See above. 1. The act of rending or tearing; a rent; a tear. Burns.-2. That which is rent or torn off; as, a screed of cloth. 3. A piece of poetry or prose; a harangue; a long tirade upon any subject. -A screed o' drink, a drinking bout. Sir W. Scott. Screed (skrēd), v. t. (Sc. See the noun.] 1. To rend; to tear. -2. To repeat glibly; to dash off with spirit. Burns. Screeket (skrēk), v.i. Same as Screak. Screen (skrēn), n. (O.Fr. escren, escrein, escran, Fr, écran, a screen, perhaps from 0.H.G. skranna, a bench, a table.) 1. An appliance or article that shelters from the sun, rain, cold, &c., or from sight; a kind of movable framework or partition, often hinged so that it may be opened out more or less as required, or be folded up to occupy less space, used in a room for excluding cold, or intercepting the heat of a fire. Your leafy screens.' Shak.
Our fathers knew the value of a screen
Cowper. 2. That which shelters or protects from danger; that which hides or conceals, or which prevents inconvenience.
Some ambitious men seem as screens to princes in matters of danger and envy.
Bacon. 3. A kind of riddle or sieve; more especially, (a) a sieve used by farmers for sifting earth or seeds. (6) A kind of wire sieve for sifting
as to shut out an aisle from the choir, a private chapel from a transept, the nave from the choir, the high altar from the east end of the building, or an altar tomb from a public passage of the church. See PARCLOSE. (6) In medieval halls, a partition extending across the lower end, forming a lobby within the main entrance doors, and having often a gallery above. (c) An architecturally decorated wall, inclosing a courtyard in front of a building.-5. Naut. the name given to a piece of canvas hung round a berth for warmth and privacy. Screen (skrēn), v.t. (From the noun.] 1. To shelter or protect from inconvenience, injury, or danger; to cover; to conceal; as, our houses and garments screen us from cold; an umbrella screens us from rain and the sun's rays; to screen a man from punishment.
Back'd with a ridge of hills, That screen'd the fruits of th' earth. Milton. 2. To sift or riddle by passing through a screen; as, to screen coal. Screening-machine (skrēn'ing-ma-shēn). n. An apparatus, having a rotary motion, used for screening or sifting coal, stamped ores, and the like. Screenings (skrēn'ingz), n. pl. The refuse matter left after sifting coal, &c. Screigh-of-day (skrhēc-ov-dá), n. (Comp. D. krieken van den dag, peep of day; krieken, to peep, to chirp.) The first dawn. (Scotch.) Screw (skro), n. (Same word as Dan. skrue, Sw. skruf, Icel. skrúfa, D. schroef, 0.D. schroeve, L. G. schruwe, G. schraube, a screw. Or perhaps from 0. Fr. escrowe, the hole in which a screw turns, Mod. Fr. écrou, which Littré regards as from one or other of the above words, but Diez, rather improbably, derives from L. scrobs, scrobis, a trench. The word does not appear very early in English. Shakspere uses the verb, and no doubt the noun was familiar before this.] 1. A cylinder of wood or metal having a spiral ridge (the thread) winding round it in a uniform manner, so that the successive turns are all exactly the same distance from each other, and a corresponding spiral groove is produced. The screw forms one of the six mechanical powers, and is simply a modifi. cation of the inclined plane, as may be shown by cutting a piece of paper in the form of a right-angled triangle, so as to represent an inclined plane, and applying it to a cylinder with the perpendicular side of the triangle, or altitude of the plane, parallel to the axis of the cylinder. If the triangle be then rolled about the cylinder, the hypotenuse which represents the length of the plane will trace upon the surface of the cylinder a spiral line, which, if we suppose it to have thickness, and to protrude from the surface of the cylinder, will form the thread of the screw. The energy of the power applied to the screw thus formed is transmitted by means of a hollow cylinder of equal diameter with the solid or convex one, and having a spiral channel cut on its inner surface so as to correspond exactly to the thread raised upon the solid cylinder. Hence the one will work within the other, and by turning the convex cylinder, while
sand, lime, gravel, &c. It consists of a rectangular wooden frame with wires traversing it longitudinally at regular intervals. It is propped up in nearly a vertical position, and the materials to be sifted or screened are thrown against it, when the finer particles pass through and the coarser remain. A similar apparatus is used for separating lump coal from the small coal and dross, and also for sorting crushed ores, &c. - 4. In arch. (a) a partition of wood. stone, or metal, usually so placed in a church
the other remains fixed, the former will pass through the latter, and will advance every revolution through a space equal to the distance between two contiguous turns of the thread. The convex screw is called the external or male, and the concave or hollow screw the internal or female screw, or they are frequently termed simply the screw and nut respectively. As the screw is a modification of the inclined plane it is not difficult to estimate the mechanical ad. vantage obtained by it. If we suppose the power to be applied to the circumference of the screw, and to act in a direction at right angles to the radius of the cylinder, and parallel to the base of the inclined plane by which the screw is supposed to be formed; then the power will be to the resistance as the distance between two contiguous threads to the circumference of the cylinder. But as in practice the screw is combined with the lever, and the power applied to the extremity of the lever, the law becomes: The power is to the resistance as the distance between two contiguous threads to the cir. cumference described by the power. Hence the mechanical effect of the screw is increased by lessening the distance between the threads, or making them finer, or by lengthening the lever to which the power is applied. The law, however, is greatly modified by the friction, which is very great. The uses of the screw are various. It is an invaluable mechanism for fine adjustments such as are required in good telescopes, microscopes, micrometers, &c. It is used for the application of great pressure, as in the screw.jack and screw-press; as a borer, in the gimlet; and in the ordinary screw nail we have it employed for fastening separate pieces of material together. -Archimedean screw. See ARCHIMEDEAN. - Endless screw or perpetual screw. See under ENDLESS. -Right and left screw, a screw of which the threads upon the opposite ends run in different directions.-Hunter's screw consists of a combination of two screws of unequal fineness, one of which works within the other, the external one being also made to play in a nut. In this case the power does not depend upon the interval between the threads of either screw, but on the difference between the intervals in the two screws. See HUNTER'S SCREW, and Differential screw under DIFFERENTIAL.-Screw propeller, an apparatus which, being fitted to ships and driven by steam, propels them through the water, and which, in all its various forms, is a modification of the common screw. Originally the thread had the form of a broad spiral plate, making one convolution
screw. tatal screw
skin-flint.-3. An unsound or broken-down for various purposes. Screw-pines are re-
His small private box was full of peg.tops...
-A screw loose, something defective or
My uncle was confirmed in his original impression
Screw-pine (Pandanus odoratissimus).
Shak. serve to support the plant.
Screw-plate (skrö'plăt), n. A thin plate of
steel having a series of holes of varying 3. To raise extortionately; to rack. The
sizes with internal screws, used in forming
small external screws. rents of land in Ireland, since they have
Screw-post (skrö'post), n. Naut. the inner been so enormously raised and screwed up.'
stern - post through which the shaft of a Srift.-4. To oppress by exactions; to use
screw propeller passes. violent means towards. Screwing and rack
Screw-press (skrö'pres), n. A machine for ing their tenants.' Swift.
communicating pressure by means of a In the presence of that board he was provoked to
screw or screws.
Screw-propeller (skrö'pro-pel-er), n. See
SCREW. 5. To deform by contortions: to distort.
Screw-rudder (skrő-rud'ér), n. An appli*Grotesque habits of swinging his limbs and
cation of the screw to purposes of steering,
instead of a rudder. The direction of its screwing his visage.' Sir W. Scott.
axis is changed, to give the required direcHe screw'd his face into a harden'd smile. Dryden.
tion to the ship, and its efficiency does not Screw (skrö), v. i. 1. To be oppressive or depend upon the motion of the ship, as with exacting; to use violent means in making a rudder. E. & Knight. exactions. "Whose screwing iron -handed Screw-shell (skrö'shel), n. _ The English administration of relief is the boast of the name for shells of the genus Turbo; wreathparish.' Howitt. - 2. To be propelled by shell. means of a screw. Screwing up against Screw-steamer (skrö'stēm-er), n. A steamthe very muddy boiling current. W. H. ship driven by a screw-propeller. See Russell
Screw propeller under SCREW. Screw-bolt (skrö'bölt), n. A square or Screw-stone (skro'ston). n. A familiar cylindrical piece of iron, with a knob or name for the casts of encrinites from their flat head at the one end and a screw at the screw-like shape. other. It is adapted to pass through holes Screw-tap (skro'tap), n. The cutter by made for its reception in two or more pieces which an internal screw is produced. of timber, &c., to fasten them together, by Screw-tree (skro'trē), n. Helicteres, a genus means of a nut screwed on the end that is of plants, of several species, natives of warm opposite to the knob.
climates. They are shrubby plants, with Screw-box (skrö'boks), n. A device for cut clustered flowers, which are succeeded by ting the threads on wooden screws, similar five carpels, which are usually twisted toin construction and operation to the screw. gether in a screw-like manner. See HELICplate.
TERES. Screw-cap (skrö'kap), n. A cover to protect Screw-valve (skrö'valv), n. A stop-cock or conceal the head of a screw, or a cap or furnished with a puppet-valve opened and cover fitted with a screw.
shut by a screw instead of by a spigot. Screw-clamp (skro'klamp), n. A clamp Screw-well (skro'wel), n. A hollow in the which acts by means of a screw.
stern of a ship into which a propeller is lifted Screw-coupling (skro-ku'pl.ing). n. A after being detached from the shaft, when device for joining the ends of two vertical the ship is to go under canvas alone. rods or chains and giving them any desired Screw-wheel (skrö'whēl), n. A wheel which degree of tension; a screw socket for uniting | gears with an endless screw. pipes or rods.
Screw-wrench (skrö'rensh), n. See under Screw-dock (skrö'dok), n. A kind of grav. SCREW. ing-dock furnished with large screws to Scribablet (skrib'a-bl), a. Capable of being assist in raising and lowering vessels.
written, or of being written upon. Screw-driver (skrö'driv-er), n. An instru Scribatious † (skri-bå'shus), a. Skilful in ment resembling a blunt chisel for driving or fond of writing. Barrow. in or drawing out screw-pails.
Scribbett (skrib'et), n. A painter's pencil. Screwed (skröd), a. Drunk. For she was Scribble (skrib'l), v.t. pret. & pp. scribbled;
only a little screwed.' Dickens. (Slang. ) ppr. scribbling. (A word that appears to be Screwer (skrö'ér), n. One who or that which based partly on scrabble, partly on L. scribo, screws.
to write; comp.0.H.G. skribeln, to scribble.) Screw-jack (skrö'jak), n. A portable ma 1. To write with haste, or without care or chine for raising great weights, as heavy regard to correctness or elegance; as, to carriages, &c., by the agency of a screw. scribble a letter or pamphlet. -2. To fill with See JACK.
careless or worthless writing. Every marScrew-key (skrö'ke). n. See under SCREW. gin scribbled, crost, and cramm'd.' TennyScrew-nail (skrö'näl), n. See under SCREW. son. Screw-pile (skro'pil), n. See under PILE. Scribble (skrib'l), v. To scrawl: to write Screw - pine (skro' pin), n. The common without care or beauty. If Mævius scribble name for trees of the genus Pandanus, which in Apollo's spite.' Pope. forms the type of the nat.order Pandanacea, Scribble (skrib'l), n. Hasty or careless writ(See PANDANUS.) The screw-pines are trees ing; a scrawl; as, a hasty scribble. 'Current which grow in the East Indies, the Isle of scribbles of the week.' Swift. Bourbon, Mauritius, New South Wales, and Scribble (skrib'l), v.t. (Sw, skrubbla, G. New Guinea. They have great beauty, and schrabbeln, to card, to scribble.) To card some of them an exquisite odour; and their or tease coarsely; to pass, as cotton or wool, roots, leaves, and fruit are all found useful through a scribbler.
round the spindle or shaft, but now it consists of several distinct blades. The usual position for the screw propeller is immediately before the stern - post, the shaft passing parallel to the keel, into the engine-room, where it is set in rapid motion by the steamengines. This rotatory motion in the surrounding fluid, which may be considered to be in a partially inert condition, produces, according to the well-known principle of the screw, an onward motion of the vessel more or less rapid, according to the velocity of the shaft, the obliquity of the arms, and the weight of the vessel. The annexed figure shows one of the recent forins of the screw propeller. -Screw nails and wood screws, a kind of screws very much used by car. penters and other mechanics for fastening two or more pieces of any material together. When they are small they are turned by means of an instrument called a screw-driver. - Screw wrench or key, a mechanical instrument employed to turn large screws or their nuts.--2. One who makes a sharp bargain; an extortioner; a miser; a
Scribblement (skribl-ment), n. A worth- Scrimp (skrimp), a. Scanty; narrow; defl Scripture (skrip'tūr), a. Relating to the less or careless writing; scribble. (Rare.) cient; contracted
Bible or the scriptures; scriptural; as, ScripSeribbler (skribler), n. 1. One who scribbles Scrimp (skrimp), n. A niggard; a pinching ture history. Locke. or writes carelessly, loosely, or badly; hence, miser (United States.)
Why are Scripture maxims put upon us, without à petty author; a writer of no reputation. Scrimply (skrimpʻl), adv. In a scrimp man taking notice of Scripture examples. Bp. Atterbury. Veral and licentious scribblers, with just sufficient ner; barely; hardly; scarcely. Burns.
Scripture-reader (skriptūr-red-ér), n. One taleat to clothe the thoughts of a pandar in the style Scrimpness (skrimp'nes), n. Scantiness;
employed to read the Bible in private of a bellman, were now the favourite writers of the small allowance. Sovereiga and of the public. Macaulay.
houses among the poor and ignorant. Scrimption (skrim'shon), n. A small por
Scripture-wort (skrip'tür-wert), n. A name 2 In a cotton or toollen manufactory, the tion; a pittance. Halliroell. [Local.]
applied to the species of Opegrapha or letter person who directs or has charge of the Scrinet skrin), n. 10. Fr. escrin, Mod. Fr.
lichen. operation of scribbling. or the machine écrin, It. scrigno, from L. scrinium, a box
Scripturian (skrip-tû'ri-an), n. Same as which performs the operation. or case for papers, from scribo, to write.) A
Scripturist. [Rare.) Scribbling (skribling).a. Fitted or adapted chest, bookcase, or other place where writ
Scripturientt (skrip-tū'ri-ent). a. (L.L. for being scribbled on; as, scribbling paper; ings or curiosities are deposited: a shrine.
scripturio, from scribo, to write.) Having seribbling diary.
Lay forth out of thine everlasting scrine
a desire or passion for writing; having a Scribbling (skrib'ling), n 1. The act of The antique rolles which there lie hidden still.
liking or itch for authorship. This grand writing hastily and carelessly.--2. In troollen
scripturient paper-spiller.' manuf. the first coarse teasing or carding
A. Wood. comp. creak, screak; cranch, scranch.) To of wool. preliminary to the final carding.
Scripturist (skrip'tür-ist), n. One well Scribblingly (skribling-li), adv. In a scribcringe.
versed in the Scriptures.
[Provincial English and United bling way. States.)
Scritch (skrich), n. A shrill cry; a screech.
Perhaps it is the owlet's scritch. Coleridge. Scribbling-machine (skribling-ma-shēn),
Scrip (skrip), n. (Icel. skreppa, Dan. skreppe, 1. A machine employed for the first coarse a bag, a wallet; L.G, schrap, Fris. skrap.s
Scrivello (skri-vello), n. An elephant's tusk carding of wool Called also Scribbler. A small bag; a wallet; a satchel. And in
under 20 lbs. weight. Scribe (skrib), n. (Fr. scribe, from L. scriba, requital ope his leathern scrip.' Milton.
Scrivener (skriv'nér), n. (O.Fr. escrivain, a clerk, a secretary, from scribo, to write.) Scrip (skrip). n. (For script, L. scriptum,
It. scrivano, from a L.L. scribanus, from L. 1. One who writes: a writer; & penman; something written, from scribo, to write.)
scribo, to write.) 1. Formerly, a writer; one especially, one skilled in penmanship. 1. A small writing; a certificate or schedule;
whose occupation was to draw contracts or a piece of paper containing a writing. He is no great scribe. Rather handling the pen
other writings. ike the pocket staff he carries about with him.
Bills of exchange cannot pay our debts abroad till
We'll pass this business privately and well: Dickens. scrips of paper can be made current coin. Locke.
Send for your daughter by your servant here: 2 An oficial or public writer: a secretary; 2. A slip of writing; a list, as of names; a My boy shall fetch the scrivener presently, Shak. an amanuensis; a notary; a copyist. -- catalogue.
2. One whose business it is to receive money 3. In Jaish and saered hist. originally a
Call them man by man, according to the scrip.. | to place it out at interest, and supply those kind of military officer whose principal
Shak. duties seem to have been the recruiting and 3. In com, a certificate of stock subscribed
who want to raise money on security; a
money-broker; a financial agent. organizing of troops, the levying of war. to a bank or other company, or of a subscription to a loan; an interim writing en
How happy in bis low degree taxes, and the like. At a later period, a
Who leads a quiet country life, writer and a doctor of the law; one skilled titling a party to a share or shares in any
And from the griping scrivener free. Dryden. in the law: one who read and explained the company, or to an allocation of stock in law to the people.
- Scrivener's palsy. See Writer's cramp general, which interim writing, or scrip, is Ezra vii.-4. In brick.
under WRITER. laying, a spike or large nail ground to a exchanged after registration for a formal
Scriven-like, t a. Like a scrivener. Chau. sharp point, to mark the bricks on the face certificate.
cer. and back by the tapering edges of a mould, Lucky rhymes to him were scrip and share.
Scrobiculate, Scrobiculated (skro-bik'üfor the purpose of cutting them and re
lát, skrő-bik'ü-lät-ed), a. Sarip-company (skripkumi-pa-ni), n. A ducing them to the proper taper for gauged
from scrobs, a furrow.) In bot. furrowed or arehes.
company having shares which pass by deScribe (skrib), v. t. pret. & pp. scribed; ppr.
livery, without the formalities of register or pitted; having small pits or ridges and furscribing.
transfer. To write or mark upon; in
Scrobiculus cordis (skro-bik'ü-lus kor'dis), koribe. Spenser.—2. In carp. (a) to mark by
Scrip-holder (skrip'höld-ér), n. One who
n. arule or compasses; to mark so as to fit one
(L.) In anat. the pit of the stomach. title to which is a written certificate or scrip.
Scrod, Scrode (skrod, skrod), n. Same as piece to the edge of another or to a sur
Scrippaget (skrip'aj), n. That which is conface (6) To adjust, as one piece of wood
Escrod. tained in a scrip. Though not with bag and to another, so that the fibre of the one shall
Scrofula (skrof'u-la), n. (L. scrofula, a baggage, yet with scrip and scrippage.' Shak.
swelling of the glands of the neck, scrofula, be at right angles to that of the other. Script (skript), n. A scrip or small writ
from scrofa, a breeding sow, so called beScriber (skrib'er), n. A sharp-pointed tool
cause swine were supposed to be subject to ing. This sonnet, this loving script.' Beau. used by joiners for marking lines on wood; 1 scribing-iron. & Fl.-2. In printing, type resembling or in
a similar complaint.) A disease due to a
deposit of tubercle in the glandular and imitation of handwriting.-3. In law, the Scribing (skrib'ing), n. Writing; handwritoriginal or principal document.
bony tissues, and in reality a form of tubering Scriptorium (skrip-to'ri-um), n. (L., from
culosis or consumption. It generally shows The heading of a cask has been brought aboard, scriptor, a writer, scribo, to write.) In a
itself by hard indolent tumours of the glands brut the scriting upoa it is very indistinct
in various parts of the body, but particuCapt. Mr Clintock. monastery or abbey, the room set apart for Scribing-iron (skrib'ing-i-érn), n. An iron the writing or copying of manuscripts.
larly in the neck, behind the ears and under pointed instrument for marking casks or Scriptory (skrip'to-ri), a. (L. scriptorius,
the chin, which after a time suppurate and timber: a scriber. from scriptor, a writer, from scribo, to write.
degenerate into ulcers, from which, instead Scribism (skrib'izm), n. The character, See SCRIBE.) 1. Expressed in writing : not
of pus, a white curdled matter is discharged. manners and doctrines of the Jewish scribes. verbal ; written. Wills are nuncupatory
Scrofula is not contagious, but it is often a especially in the time of our Saviour. F. W. and scriptory.' Swift.-2. Used for writing.
hereditary disease; its first appearance is Robertson Rare.) Reeds, vallatory, sagittary, scriptory, and
most usually between the third and seventh Serid (skrid), n. [See SCREED.) A fragment; others.' Sir T. Browne. (Rare.)
year of the child's age, but it may arise bea shred; a screed. (Rare.) Scriptural (skrip'túr-al), a. Contained in
tween this and the age of puberty; after Scriene, n. A screen or entrance into a or according to the Scriptures; biblical; as,
which it seldom makes its first attack. It hall Spenser. a scriptural phrase; scriptural doctrine.
is promoted by everything that debilitates. Scrieve (skrêv). . i. To move or glide swiftly Scripturalism (skrip'túr-al-izm), n. The
but it may remain dormant through life and along; also, to rub or rasp along. Burns. quality of being scriptural; literal adherence
not show itself till the next generation. In (Seotch) to Scripture.
mild cases the glands, after having suppu. Scriggle (akrig'1), v.i. To writhe; to struggle Scripturalist (skrip tūr-al-ist), n. One who
rated, slowly heal; in others, the eyes and or twist about with more or less force. adheres literally to the Scriptures and makes
eyelids become inflamed, the joints become (Local] them the foundation of all philosophy.
affected, the disease gradually extending to Scrike, u.1. (See SCREAK.) To shriek. Scripturally (skrip'tur-al-li ), ado. In a
the ligaments and bones, and producing a Spenaer. scriptural manner.
hectic and debilitated state under which Scrimert (skri'mér), n. (Fr. escrimeur, from Scripturalness (skrip'tür-al-nes), 1. Qua
the patient sinks: or it ends in tuberculated exerimer, to fence.] A fencing-master; a lity of being scriptural.
lungs and pulmonary consumption. Called swordsman. Scripture (skriptūr), n. (L. scriptura, from
also Struma and King's-evil.
Scrofulous (skrof'ū-lus), a. 1. Pertaining He swore, had neither motion, guard, nor cye, writing; an inscription; a document; a
to scrofula or partaking of its nature; as, If you opposed them, manuscript; a book.
scrofulous tumours; a scrofulous habit of Scrimmage.Scrummage(skrim'äj, skrum'
It is not only remembered in many scriptures, but
body.--2. Diseased or affected with scrofula. i). 1. (Corruption of skirmish.] A skirmish; famous for the death and overthrow of Crassus.
Scrofulous persons can never be duly nourished. a confused row or contest; a tussle; specifi
Sir W. Raleigh,
Arbuthnot. cally, in football, a confused, close struggle
2. The books of the Old and New Testaments; | Scrofulously (skrof'ū-lus-li), adv. In a round the ball. Always in the front of the
the Bible: used by way of eminence and scrofulous manner. rush or the thick of the scrimmage.' Lau
distinction, and often in the plural preceded Scrofulousness (skrot'ü-lus-nes), n. State Tence.
by the definite article; as, we find it stated of being scrofulous. Ain't there just fine scrummages then? in Scripture or in the Scriptures.
Scrog (skrog). n. (Gael sgrogag, somePT. Hugher.
There is not any action that a man ought to do or thing shrivelled or stunted; sgrog, to shrivel, Serimp (skrimp). p. t. (Dan. skrumpe, Sw. forbear, but the Scriptures will give him a clear pre to compress; comp. scrag.) A stunted bush skrimpna, L.G. schrumpen, to shrink, to
cept or prohibition for it.
or shrub. In the plural it is generally used shrivel; A Sax scrimman, to dry, wither, 3. Anything contained in the Scriptures; a to designate thorns, briers, &c., and freslirivel, is an allied form.] To make too passage or quotation from the Scriptures; a quently small branches of trees broken off. small or short: to deal sparingly with in Bible text. Hanging by the twined thread Provincial English and Scotch.) regard to food, clothes, or money: to limit of one doubtful Scripture.' Milton.
Scroggy. Scroggie (skrog'i), a. (A provinor straiten; to scant or make scanty.
The devil can cite Scripture for his purpose. Shak. cial word. See SCROG.) 1. Stunted; shrivelled.
scrubbing. (Sw. skrubba, Dan. skrubbe, D. We are often over-precise, scrupling to say or do schrobben, L.G. schrubben, to rub, to scrub;
those things which lawfully we may. Fuller. probably allied to scrape, scrabble, or it may
Men scruple at the lawfulness of a set form of be from rub, with initial sc, 8k, having an
South. intens. force.) To rub hard, either with the Scruple (skrö'pl), v. t. To have scruples about; hand or with a cloth or an instrument; to doubt; to hesitate to believe; to question; usually, to rub hard with a brush, or with as, to scruple the truth or accuracy of an something coarse or rough, for the purpose account or calculation. (Now rare.) of cleaning, scouring, or making bright; as, The chief officers 'behaved with all imaginable perto scrub a floor; to scrub a deck; to scrub
verseness and insolence' in the council of state, scru. vessels of brass or other metal.
pling the oath to be true to the commonwealth against
Charles Stuart or any other person. Hallam,
Scrupler (skro'pler), n. One who scruples;
a doubter; one who hesitates. Away with Scrub (skrub). v. i. To be diligent and penu
those nice scruplers.' Bp. Hall, rious; as, to scrub hard for a living.
Scrupulist (skro'pū - list). n. One who Scrub (skrub), n. (From the verb to scrub.] 1. A worn-out brush; a stunted broom.
doubts or scruples; a scrupler. Shaftes
Scrupulize (skrö'pū- līz), v.t. pret. & pp.
scrupulized; ppr. scrupulizing. To perplex We should go there in as proper a manner as pos. with scruples of conscience. Other articles sible, not altogether like the scrubs about us.
may be so scrupulized.' Montague. 3. Something small and mean.
Scrupulosity (skrö-pū-los'i-ti), n. (L. ecruScrub (skrub), a. Mean; niggardly; con pulositas. See SCRUPLE.) The quality or temptible; scrubby.
state of being scrupulous: hesitation or How dismal, how solitary, how scrub does this town
doubtfulness respecting some point or prolook!
ceeding from the difficulty of determining With a dozen large vessels my vault shall be stored,
how to act: caution or tenderness arising No little scrub joint shall come on my board. Swifi. from the fear of doing wrong or offending; Scrub (skrub), n. (Same word as shrub,
nice regard to exactness and propriety; preA. Sax. scrob, Dan. dial. skrub, a shrub.]
ciseness. Close, low, or stunted trees or brushwood;
The first sacrilege is looked upon with some horror;
but when they have once made the breach their scrue. low underwood.
pulosity soon retires.
Dr. H. More. He threw himself on the heathery scrub which met So careful, even to scrupulosity, were they to keep the shingle.
T. Hughes. their sabbath, that they must not only have a time to Scrubbed (skrub'ed), a. Same as Scrubby.
prepare them for that, but a further time also to preA little scrubbed boy, no higher than thy
pare them for their very preparations. South. self.' Shak.
Scrupulous (skrö'pů -lus), a. (L. scrumScrubber (skrub'er), n. 1. One who or that
losus, Fr. scrupuleux. See SCRUPLE.) 1. Full which scrubs; a hard broom or brush. - of scruples; inclined to scruple; hesitating 2. An apparatus for ridding coal-gas from
to determine or to act; cautious in decision tarry matter and ammonia.
from a fear of offending or doing wrong. Scrubby (skrub'i), a. Small and mean; vile; 'Abusing their liberty, to the offence of their worthless; insignificant; stunted in growth;
weak brethren which were scrupulous. as, a scrubby cur; a scrubby tree.
Hooker. - 2. Given to making objections; Scrubbyish (skrub'i-ish), a. Somewhat captious. Shak.-3.Nice; doubtful. scrubby.
The justice of that cause ought to be evident; not obI happen to be sheriff of the county; and, as all writs
scure, not scrupulons.
Bacon. are returnable to me, a scrubbyish fellow asked me to 4. Careful; cautious; vigilant; exact in resign one against you. Colman the Younger.
garding facts. Scrub-oak (skrub'ok), n. The popular name I have been the more scrupulousand wary in regard in the United States for several stunted spe. the inferences from these observations are of importcies of oak, such as Quercus ilicifolia, Q.agri.
Woodward. folia, &c.
5. Precise; exact; rigorous; punctilious; as, Scrub-race (skrub'rās), n. A race between a scrupulous abstinence from labour. low and contemptible animals got up for Scrupulously (skro'pü-lus-li), adv. In a amusement.
scrupulous manner; with a nice regard to Scrubstone (skrub'ston), n. A provincial minute particulars or to exact propriety.
term for a species of calciferous sandstone. The duty consists not scrupulously in minutes and Scruft (skruf), n. Scurf.
Jer. Taylor. Scruff (skruf), n. (For scuff (which see). ] | Henry was scrupulously careful not to ascribe the The hinder part of the neck.
success to himself.
state or quality of being scrupulous; as, (a) Scrumptious (skrump'shus), a. 1. Nice:
the state of having scruples; caution in departicular; fastidious; fine. (United States. ]
termining or in acting from a regard to 2 Delightful; first-rate; as, scrumptious
truth, propriety, or expediency. weather. (Slang. )
Others by their weakness, and fear, and scrupulous. Scrunch (skrunsh), v. t. To crush, as with
ness, cannot fully satisfy their own thoughts.
Dr. Puller. the teeth; to crunch; hence, to grind down.
(6) Exactness; preciseness. I have found out that you must either scrunch them scrutable (skrö'ta-bl), a. (See SCRUTINY. (servants) or let them scrunch you. Dickens. Capable of being submitted to scrutiny; disScruple (skrö'pl), n. (Fr. scrupule, a scruple, coverable by scrutiny, inquiry, or critical from L scrupulus, a little stone (dim. of examination. scrupus, a rough or sharp stone), the twenty Shall we think God so scrutable or ourselves so pene. fourth part of anything, hence, figuratively, trating that none of his secrets can escape us? a trifling matter, especially a trifling matter
Dr. H. More. causing doubt, difficulty, or anxiety; hence
Scrutation (skrö-ta'shon), n. (L. scrutadoubt, difficulty, uneasiness.] 1. A weight of
tio.) Search; scrutiny. (Rare.) 20 grains; the third part of a dram, or the
Scrutator (skrö-ta'ter), n. (L., from scrutor, twenty-fourth part of an ounce in the old
scrutatus, to explore.] One who scrutinapothecaries'measure. Hence-2. Any small
izes; a close examiner or inquirer; a scru
tineer. Ayliffe; Bailey.
Scrutineer (skró-ti-nēr'), n. One who scru-
tinizes; one who acts as an examiner of But, like a thrifty goddess, she determines
votes, as at an election, &c., to see if they Herself the glory of a creditor.
Shak. are valid. 3. In old astron. a digit.-4. Hesitation as to Scrutinize (skrö'tin-iz), v. t. pret. & pp. scruaction from the difficulty of determining tinized; ppr. scrutinizing. (From scrutiny. ] what is right or expedient; doubt, hesita To subject to scrutiny; to investigate closely; tion, or perplexity arising from motives of to examine or inquire into critically: to reconscience; backwardness to decide or act; gard narrowly; as, to scrutinize the meaa kind of repugnance to do a thing, the sures of administration; to scrutinize the conscience not being satisfied as to its right private conduct or motives of individuals. ness or propriety; nicety; delicacy; doubt.
To scrutinize their religious motives.' WarHe was made miserable by the contest between his
burton. taste and his scruples.
Macaulay. Scrutinize (skrö'tin-iz), v.i. To make scruScruple (skrö'pl), v.i. pret. & pp, scrupled;
tiny. Thinks it presumption to scrutinize ppr. scrupling. To have scruples; to be re
into its defects.' Goldsmith. luctant as regards action or decision; to
Hatton remained silent and watched him with a hesitate about doing a thing; to doubt:
D'Israeli. often followed by an infinitive.
Scrutinizer (skrö'tin-iz-er). n. One who He scrupled not to eat
scrutinizes; one who examines with critical Against his better knowledge,
wledge. - Milton. care.
Scrutinous (skrö'tin-us), a. Closely inquir- tages in the field, in an orderly way, rather than to Sculpture (skulp'tūr), n. (Fr., from L. sculping or examining; captious. scufle with an undisciplined rabble.
tura, from sculpo, sculptum (also scalpo), to
grave.] 1. The art of carving, cutting, or Hard to be pleased. Sur . Denham. also Dan.skuffe, to hoe.] 1. A struggle in which
hewing wood, stone, or other materials into Scrutinously (skró'tin-us-li), adv. By using
images of men, beasts, or other things. the combatants grapple closely; any conscrutiny: searchingiy.
Sculpture also includes the moulding or fused quarrel or contest in which the parties Scrutiny (skro'tin-i.n. (L scrutinium. struggle blindly or without direction; a tu.
modelling of figures in clay, to be cast in Fr. scrutin, from L scrutor, to search caremultuous struggle for victory or superiority;
bronze or other metal.-2. Carved work; any fully, to rummage, from scruta, trash, frip
work of sculpture, as a figure cut in stone, a fight. pery) 1 Close investigation or examina The dog leaps upon the serpent and tears it to
metal, or other solid substance, representtion: minute inquiry; critical examination. pieces; but in the scufite, the cradle happened to
ing or describing some real or imaginary Thenceforth I thought thee worth my nearer view
Sir R. L'Estrange object. Some sweet sculpture draped from Aad narrower scrutiny.
Nilton. 2. A child's pinafore or bib. (Provincial head to foot.' Tennyson. Somewhat may easily escape, even from a wary English. ) - 3. A garden hoe. (Provincial There too, in living sculpture, might be seen, pen, which will not bear the test of a severe scrutiny. English.]
The mad affection of the Cretan qucen. Dryden. Atterbury. Scufier (skufler), n. 1. One who scuffles. Sculpture (skulp'tür), v.t. pret. & pp. sculp. In the primitive church, an examination
2. In agri a kind of horse-hoe. Its use is of catechumens in the last week of Lent.
tured; ppr. sculpturing. To represent in to cut up weeds and to stir the soil. It rewho were to receive baptism on Easter-day.
sculpture; to carve; to form with the chisel sembles the scarifier, but is much lighter, This was performed with prayers, exorcisms,
or other tool on wood, stone, or metal. and is employed to work after it. See SCAand many other ceremonies. ---3. In the canon
Ivory vases sculptured high.' Pope. RIFIER. lav, a ticket or little paper billet on which
The rose that lives its little hour
Is prized beyond the sculptured flower. Bryant. competent authority of the votes given at Scruft. Mrs. Gaskell.
Sculpturesque (skulp'tur-esk), a. Relatan election for the purpose of rejecting those
Scug (skug), v.t. [Dan, skygge, to shade; Sw.
ing to or possessing the character of sculpthat are bad, and thus correcting the poll. skugga, Icel. skuggi, a shadow, a shade.) To
ture; after the manner of sculpture; reScrutiny 1 (skro tin-i). .t. pret. & pp. scru- hide: to shelter." Scotch1
sembling sculpture. "Sculpturesque beauty.' turied; ppr. serutinying. To scrutinize. 18 Scug (skug). n. The declivity of a hill: &
Dr. Caird. Johnson place of shelter. (Old English and Scotch.)
Scum (skum), n. (Sw. and Dan. skum, G. Scrutoire (skry-twar), n. (See ESCRITOIRE.) Sculduddery (skul-dud'er-i), n. 1. Forni
schaum, D. schuim, O.H.G. 8cům, scum; cog. An escritoire. cation; adultery.-2. Grossness; obscenity.
L, spuma, foam. Fr. écume, O. Fr. escume is Scruzet (skryz), o t (A form of scrouge.) | Ramsay. “Sculduddery sangs.' Sir W.
from the German.] 1. The extraneous matter To crowd; to compress; to crush; to squeeze. Scott. (Scotch.)
or impurities which rise to the surface of Spencer.
liquors in boiling or fermentation, or which Scryi (skrī), t.t.
Sculk (skulk), v.i. Same as Skulk (which
form on the surface by other means; also, Scryt (skri), n. A flock of wild-fowl. HalliSculker (skulk'ér), n. Same as Skulker.
the scoria of molten metals.-2. The refuse; rech. Scull (skul), n. Same as Skul.
the recrement; that which is vile or worthScry+ (skri), n. A cry. Berners. Scull (skul). n. [Origin uncertain. Comp.
less. Scryne + (skrin), n. Same as Scrine.
Icel. skjóla, a pail, a bucket; Prov. E. and The great and the innocent are insulted by the Scud (skud), si pret. scudded; ppr. scudSc. skeel, a milk - pan; also Icel. skola,
scum and refuse of the people.
Addison. ding. (A. Sax. scudan, to run quickly, to
to wash.] 1. A boat; a cock-boat. See Scum (skum), v.t. pret. & pp. scummed; ppr. fee: 0.Sax scuddian, L G. and D. schudden,
SCULLER.-2. One who sculls a boat.- 3. A scumming. To take the scum from; to clear to set in rapid motion, to shake; Sw.skutta,
short oar, whose loom is only equal in length off the impure matter from the surface; to to run quickly; allied to shudder.] 1. To
to half the breadth of the boat to be rowed, skim. You that scum the molten lead.' run quickly; to be driven or to flee or fly
so that one man can manage two, one on Dryden. with haste; to run with precipitation.
each side. Also an oar when used to propel Scum (skum), v.i. To throw up scum; to be Sometimes he suds far oti, and there he stares. a boat by being placed over the stern, and covered with scum.
Skak. Foam takes send along the level sand. Tennyson. worked from side to side, the blade, which
Life and the interest of life have stagnated and is turned diagonally, being always in the 2 Fant to be driven with precipitation
A. K. H. Boyd. water. - 4. A large shallow basket without before a tempest with little or no sails
| Scumber (skum'bêr), n. (Contr. from disspread a bow handle, used for carrying fruit, po
cumber.] Dung; especially, the dung of the tatoes, fish, &c. (Scotch.) Scud (skud), n. 1. The act of scudding; a driv
fox. (Obsolete and Provincial.) Scullt (skul ), n. (A form of shoal. Se ing along; a running or rushing with speed
Scumber, Scummer (skum'ber, skum'ér), SHOAL.) A shoal or multitude of fish. or precipitation. - 2 Loose vapoury clouds Scull (skul), v.t. To impel or propel by
v.i. To dung. (Obsolete and Provincial. ) driven swiftly by the wind. And the dark sculls; to propel by moving and turning an
Scumble (skum'bl), v.t. pret. & pp. scumsoud in swift succession flies." Falconer.
bled; ppr. scumbling. (Freq. of scum.) To oar over the stern. Borne on the soud of the sea.' Longfellow.
cover lightly or spread thinly over, as an Scull-cap (skul kap). See SKULL-CAP. % A slight flying shower. [Provincial Eng
oil painting, drawing. or the like, with Sculler (skul'ér), n. 1. A boat rowed by one lish - A sinall number of larks, less than
opaque or semi-opaque colours to modify man with two sculls or short oars. -2. One a flock (Provincial English.)-5. In school
the effect who sculls or rows with sculls; one who slang, a swift runner: a scudder.
Scumble (skumbl), n. In painting, the impels a boat by an oar over the stern. I say,' said East, looking with much interest at
toning down of a picture by sad colours. Scullery (skul'ér-i), n. (O.Fr. escueillier, a Tot, you ain't a bad soud T. Hughes.
. Whether your drawing is to be brought place where bowls are kept, escuelle, a bowl, Scud (skud), et. To pass over quickly.
suddenly to a sharp edge or a scumble.' T. a platter, from L. scutella, dim. of scutra, a
dish; allied to scutum, a shield.] A place Ia snowy groups diffusive scud the vale. Shenstone.
Scummer (skum'er),n. He who or that which where dishes, kettles, and other culinary Scudder (skud'ér). n. One who scuds. utensils are cleaned and kept, and where
scums; specifically, an instrument used for Scuddick (skudik), n. 1. Anything of small
taking off the scum of liquors; a skimmer. the rough or dirty work connected with the value. Halliwell, -2A shilling. (Slang.) kitchen is done; a back-kitchen. Scuddle (skudl), v. i. pret scuddled; ppr.
Scummer, n. and v. See SCUMBER. Scullion (skul'yon), n. (See SCULLERY.) cuddling. (A dim. of scud.) To run with
Scummings (skum'ingz), n. pl. The matter 1. A servant that cleans pots and kettles, a kind of affected haste; to scuttle.
skimmed from boiling liquors; as, the scum. and does other menial services in the kitScuddy (skadi). n. A naked infant or young chen or scullery. Hence--2. A low, mean,
mings of the boiling-house. child (Scotch)
Scummy (skum'i), a. Covered with scum. worthless fellow. The meanest scullion Scudlar (skudlar), n. A scullion. (Scotch.) that followed his camp.' South.
Breathe away as 'twere all scummy slime
Keats. Scudo (skodo). n. pl. Scudi (skö'de) (It,
From off a crystal pool. Scullionly (skul'yon-li), a. Like a scullion; a shield, a crown, from L. scutum, a shield: base; low; mean. “Scullionly paraphrase.' Scuncheon (skun'shon). n. The stones or $ called from its bearing the heraldic Milton.
arches thrown across the angles of a square shield of the prince by whom it was issued.) | Sculp (skulp). v.t. (See SCULPTURE.) To tower to support the alternate sides of the An Italian silver coin of different value in sculpture; to carve; to engrave.
octagonal spire; also, the cross pieces of the different states in which it was issued.
o that the tenor of my just complaint
timber across the angles to give strength The Genoese scudo is equivalent to about Were sculpt with steel on rocks of adamant. and firmness to a frame. See SCONCHEON, se 4d.: the Roman. 48. 4d.: the Sardinian
Sandys. SQUINCH. and Milanese, 3. 94. This coin is gradually Sculpin (skul'pin), n. A small sea-fish, the Scunner (skun'er), v.i. (A Scotch word: disappearing before the decimal coinage of Cottus octodecimspinosus, found on the
A. Sax. scunian, to shun, onscunian, to shun, Che Italian kingdom, but the name is some American coasts. The gemmeous dragonet to loathe. 1. To loathe; to nauseate; to times given to the piece of 5 lire (about 48.).
(Callionymus lyra) is so called by the Cor feel disgust.--2. To startle at anything from The old Roman gold scudo was worth 10 silnish fishermen. Spelled also Skupin.
doubtfulness of mind; to shrink back from ver scudi.
Sculptile (skulp'til), a. (L. sculpiilis. See | fear. Scuff (skuf). n. (See SCUFT.] The hinder part SCULPTURE.) formed by carving. “Sculp- Scunner (skun'er), n. Loathing; abhorof the neck; the scruff. [Provincial ) tile images.' Sir T. Browne.
rence. (Scotch.) Scuff (skuf). v. (See SCCFFLE.) To walk | Sculptor (skulp'tor), n. One who sculp- Scup (skup), n. [From Indian name.) The without raising the feet from the ground or tures; one who cuts, carves, or hews figures
name given in Rhode Island to a small fish floor; to shuffle in wood, stone, or other like materials.
belonging to the sparoid family. In New Scuff (skuf), u.t. To graze gently; to pass Sculptress (skulp'tres). n. A female artist
York it is called porgy. with a slight touch. (Scotch) in sculpture. Quart. Rev.
Scup (skup), n. [D), schop, a swing. ) A swing: Scuse (skuf'), v. i pret. scufled; ppr. scuf-Sculptural (skulp'tūr-al), a. Pertaining to
a term still retained by the descendants of Ring. (Freq. from A. Sax, sceofan, sci fan, sculpture or engraving.
the Dutch settlers in New York. to shove (see SHOVE): Sc. scuf, to graze; Sw.
Sculpturally (skulp'tür-al-li),adv. By means Scup (skup), v. i. In New York, to swing. hefa, to shove. See also SHUFFLE, SHOVEL) of sculpture.
Scupper (skup'er), n. (Generally connected To struggle or contend with close grapple;
The quaint beauty and character of many natural
with scoop. Wedgwood, however, refers it objects, such as intricate branches, grass, &c., as to fight tumultuously or confusedly. well as that of many animals plumed, spined, or
to 0.Fr. and Sp. escupir, to spit; Armor. A gallant man prefers to fight to great disadvan bristled, is sculpturally expressible, Ruskin. sleopa, to spit. The Teutonic forms (G. spei.