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SERVICE-BOOK

SESQUIPEDALIAN

Service-book (servis-bak). n. A book used in church service; a book of devotion; a prayer-book; a missal. Milton. Service-money (ser'vis-mun-ni), n. Money paid for service. 'Secret service-money to Betty.' Addison Service-pipe(sér vis-pip). n. A pipe, usually of lead or iron, for the supply of water, gas, and the like from the main to a building. Service-tree (sér vis-trē), n. (A corruption of

L sorbus, the sorb or service-tree.) The Pyrus (Sorbus) domestica, a tree of 50 or 60 feet in height, a rare native of England, yielding a valuable hard-grained timber and a small pear-shaped fruit, which, like the medlar, is only pleasant in an over-ripe condition. The wild service-tree (Pyrius torminalis) also bears a fruit which becomes mellow and pleasant by keeping, and of which large quantities are sent to the London market from Hertfordshire. Servient + (ser'vi-ent). a. (L serviens, servientis, ppr. of servio, to serve.) Subordi. nate. Servient youth and magisterial eld.' Dyer. A form servient and assisting.' Cowley.-Servient tenement, in Scots law, a tenement or subject over which a predial servitude is constituted; an estate in respect of which a service is owing, the dominant tenement being that to which the service is due. Serviette (sér-vi-et'), n. (Fr.) A table

napkin, Servile (sér-vil), a. (Fr., from L. servilis, from sercio, to serve.) 1. Pertaining to or befitting a servant or slave; slavish; mean; proceeding from dependence; as, servile fear; serrile obedience. — 2. Held in subjection; dependent What! have we hands, and shall we serdile be! Why were swords made but to preserve men free?

Daniel, 3. Cringing; fawning; meanly submissive; as, sercile flattery.

She must bend the servile knee. Thomson. 4. In gram. (a) not belonging to the original root as, a urcile letter. (b) Not itself sounded; silent, as the final é in servile, tune, &c. Servile (sér'vil), n. In gram, a letter which forms no part of the original root: opposed to radical Also, a letter of a word which is not sounded, as the finale in peace, plane, &c. Servilely (sér' vil-li), adv. In a servile manner: (a) meanly; slavishly; with base submission or obsequiousness.

Who more than thou
Once fawned and cringed, and servilely adored
Heaven's awful monarch?

Millon. (6) With base deference to another; as, to adopt opinions servilely. Servileness (ser'vil-nes), n. Same as Ser.

tility. Servility (sér-vil'i-ti), n. The state or quality of being servile; as, (a) the condition of a slave or bondman; slavery.

To be a queen in bondage is more vile

Than is a slave in base servility. Shak. (6) Mean submission; baseness; slavishness; mean obsequiousness; slavish deference. • This unhappy servility to custom.' Dr. H.

moners. The servitors at Oxford are the same class as the sizars at Cambridge. See SIZAR.

That business of toadeater which had been his calling and livelihood from his very earliest yearsever since he first entered college as a servitor.

Thackeray, Servitorship (ser'vi- tér-ship), n. The

office of a servitor. Boswell. Servitude (sér'vi-tud), n (Fr., from L. servitudo, servitude. See SERVE.] 1. The condition of a slave; the state of involuntary subjection to a master; slavery; bondage.

You would have sold your king to slaughter,

His princes and his peers to servitude. Shak. 2. The condition of a menial or underling. 3. Compulsory service or labour, such as a criminal has to undergo as a punishment; as, penal servitude. See under PENAL.-4. A state of slavish dependence. In love with a splendid servitude.' South. -- 5. Servants, collectively. 'A cumbrous train of herds and flocks, and numerous servitude.' Milton. 6. A term used in civil and Scots law to sig. nify a right whereby one thing is subject to another thing or person for use or convenience contrary to common right. Servitudes are divided into personal and prædial. A personal servitude is a right constituted over a subject in favour of a person without reference to possession or property, and now consists only in liferent or usufruct. A prædial servitude is a right constituted over one subject or tenement by the owner of another subject or tenement. Pruedial servitudes are either rural or urban, according as they affect land or houses. The usual rural servitudes are passage or road, or the right which a person has to walk or drive to his house over another's land: pasture, or the right to send cattle to graze on another's land; feal and divot, or the right to cut turf and peats on another's land; aqueduct, or the right to have a stream of water conveyed through another's land; thirlage, or the right to have other people's corn sent to one's own mill to be ground. Urban servitudes consist chiefly in the right to have the rain from one's roof to drop on another's land or house; the right to prevent another from building so as to obstruct the windows of one's house; the right of the owner of the flat above to have his flat supported by the flat beneath, &c. -Servitude, Slavery, Bondage. Servitude is general, and implies either the state of a voluntary servant or of a slave, but is generally used for the latter. Slavery is involuntary and compulsory servitude. Bondage, slavery aggravated by oppression or con

finement. Servituret (ser'vi-tur), n. Servants collectively; the whole body of servants in a family. Calling the rest of the serviture.' Milton. Sesame (ses'a-mē), n. [Gr. sesamē, sésamon,

L. sesamum. An annual herbaceous plant of the genus Sesamum (which see).- Open Sesame, the charm by which the door of the robbers' dungeon in the tale of Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves flew open; hence, a specific for gaining entrance into any place, or means of exit from it.

These words were the only open Sesame to their feelings and sympathies.

E. Shelton. Sesamoid, Sesamoidal (sē'sa-moid, se'samoi-dal), a. Resembling the seeds of sesame in form. -Sesamoid bones, small bones formed at the articulations of the great toes, and occasionally at the joints of the thumbs and in other parts. Sesamum(ses'. a-mum), n. (See SESAME.) A genus of annual herbaceous plants, nat. order Pedali. acete. The species, though now cultivated in many countries, are natives of India. They have alternate leaves and axillary yellow or pinkish solitary Sesamum orientale (Sesame). flowers. S. orientale and S. indicum are cultivated in various countries, especially in India, Egypt, and Syria; they have also been taken to the

West Indies. Sesamum seeds are sometimes added to broths, frequently to cakes by the Jews, and likewise in the East. The oil expressed from them is bland, and of a fine quality, and will keep many years without becoming rancid. It is often used in India as a salad-oil. The leaves of the plant are mucilaginous, and are employed for poultices. Of the seeds two varieties are known in commerce, the one white and the other black. Sesban (ses'ban), n. A leguminous plant.

See SESBANIA. Sesbania (ses-ba'ni-a), n. (From Sesban, the Arabic name of S. ægyptiaca.) A genus of plants, nat. order Leguminosa. There are about sixteen species of shrubs or herbs found in the warmer parts of the world. They have pinnate leaves and lax axillary racemes, of yellow, scarlet, purple, or white flowers. S. ægyptiaca, the Egyptian species, found also in India, forms a small and very elegant tree, the wood of which is employed in making the best charcoal for gunpowder. S. aculeata, the dhanchi of Bengal, is cul. tivated on account of the fibres of the bark. which are generally employed for the drag. ropes and other cordage about fishing-nets. Seseli (ses'e-li), n. (L and Gr. seselis, seseli.) A genus of umbelliferous plants. S. libanotis is a British plant, found in chalky pastures in Cambridgeshire. It is known by the names of mountain meadow-saxifrage and hartwort Sesha (sesh'a). n. In Hind. myth. the king of the serpents, with a thousand heads, on one of which the world rests. Vishnu reclines on him in the primeval waters. When depicted coiled he is the symbol of eternity. Sesleria (ses-lē'ri-a). n. (In honour of M. Sesler, a physician and botanist of the eighteenth century.) A genus of grasses belonging to the tribe Festuceæ. The inflorescence is in simple spikes; spikelets, two to six flowered; glumes, two membranaceous, nearly equal and pointed or mucronate; flowering glumes, three to five toothed, stamens, three; styles, two. Its British representative is S. caerulea or moor-grass. Sesqui (ses'kwi). (L.) A prefix signifying one integer or whole and a half; as, sesqui-granum, a grain and a half, &c. In chem. this term is used to designate compounds in which an equivalent and a half of one substance are combined with one of another; thus, sesquioxide of iron is an oxide containing 1 equivalent of iron to 14 of oxygen, or 2 of iron to 3 of oxygen. In music it signifies a whole and a half; joined with altera, terza, quarta it is much used in the Italian music to express a set of ratios, particularly the several species of triple time. In geom. it expresses a ratio in which the greater term contains the less once, and leaves a certain aliquot part of the less over; but such terms are nearly obsolete. Sesquialtera (ses-kwi-al'ter-a), n. The name of a compound stop on the organ, consisting of several ranks of pipes sounding high harmonics, for the purpose of strengthening

the ground tone. Sesquialteral (ses-kwi-al'ter-al), a. [L. pre

fix sesqui, and alter, other.) 1. In math. a term applied to a ratio where one quantity or number contains another once and half as much more: thus the ratio 9 to 6 is sesquialteral.-2. A sesquialteral floret, in bot. a large fertile floret accompanied with a small abortive one. Sesquialterate (ses-kwi-al'tér-át), a. Same

as Sesquialteral. Sesquialterous (ses-kwi-altér-us), a. Ses

quialteral (which see). Sesquiduple (ses-kwi-dü'pl), a. Same as

Sesquiduplicate. Sesquiduplicate (ses-kwi-dü'pli-kāt), a. (L. prefix sesqui, and duplicatus, double.) Designating the ratio of two and a half to one, or where the greater term contains the lesser twice and a half, as that of 50 to 20 Sesquioxide (ses-kwi-oks'id), n. A compound of oxygen and another element in the proportion of three equivalents of oxygen to two of the other. Sesquipedalian, Sesquipedal (ses'kwipē-da'li-an, ses'kwip-ė-dal), a. (L. sesuipedalis-sesqui, one and a half, and pedalis, from pes, a foot.) Containing or measuring a foot and a half; as, a sesquipedalian pigmy: often humorously applied to long words, as translation of Horace's 'sesquipedalia verba."

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The very feeling which would have restrained us from committing the act would have led us, after it had been committed, to defend it against the ravings of artity and superstition.

Macaulay. Serving-board (sér'ving-bõrd). n. Naut. a piece of hard wood fitted with a handle and used for serving spun-yarn on small ropes. Serving-maid (ser'ving-mäd), n. A female

servant; a menial. Serving-mallet (sér'ving-mal-let), n. Naut. a semicylindrical piece of wood, fitted with a handle, and having a groove on one side to fit the convexity of a rope which it is used to serve or wrap round with spun-yarn,

&c., to prevent chafing. Serving-man (sér' ving-man), n. A male

servant, a medial Shak. Servitium (sér-vish'i-um), n. [L] In law,

service; servitude. Servitor (sér'vi-têr), n. (L L., from L. servio, to serve.] 1. A male servant or domestic; ad attendant; one who acts under another; a follower or adherent.

Thus are poor servidors, When others sleep upon their quiet beds, Constrained to watch in darkness, rain and cold. Skak.

Our Norman conqueror gave away to his servitors the lands and possessions of such as did oppose his 12aS1o.

Davies. 2 In Oxford University, an undergraduate who is partly supported by the college funds, and whose duty it was formerly to wait at table on the fellows and gentlemen com

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SESQUIPEDALITY

42

SET

father.

Sesquipedality (ses'kwi-po-dal"i-ti), n. 1. The See QUARTER-SESSIONS.-General session of quality or condition of being sesquipedalian. the peace, a meeting of the justices held for

Sterne.-2. The practice of using long words. the purpose of acting judicially for the Sesquiplicate (ses-kwip'li-kát), a. (Prefix whole district comprised within their comsesqui, and plicate.) Designating the pro mission. The sessions that are held once portion one quantity or number has to an every quarter of the year are called the other in the ratio of one and a half to one: general quarter-sessions of the peace.-Court as, the sesquiplicate proportion of the peri of Session, the supreme civil court of Scotodical times of the planets.

land, having jurisdiction in all civil quesSesquisalt (ses-kwi-salt'), n. A salt con tions of whatever nature. It was instituted sisting of three equivalents of one element in 1532. The number of judges is thirteen: to two of another.

the lord-president, the lord justice-clerk, Sesquisulphide (ses-kwi-sul'fid), n. A basic and eleven ordinary lords. They sit in two

compound of sulphur with some other ele. divisions, the lord-president and three orment, in the proportions of three equiva dinary lords forming the first division, and

lents of sulphur to two of the other element. the lord justice-clerk and other three ordiSesquitertial (ses-kwi-tér'shi-al), a. Same nary lords the second division. The first as Sesquitertian.

and second division form what is called the Sesquitertian, Sesquitertianal (ses-kwi. inner house. There are five permanent ter'shi-an, ses-kwi-ter'shi-an-al), a. (L. 8e8 lords-ordinary, each of whom holds a court, qui, one and a half, and tertius, third.) the courts of the lords-ordinary forming Designating the ratio of one and one-third what is called the outer house. The junior to one.

lord-ordinary officiates in the bill-chamber Sesst (ses), v. t. To assess; to tax. North. during session. (See BILL-CHAMBER.) The Sess t (ses), n. A tax. See CESS.

judgments of inferior courts, except those Sessat (ses'sa), interj. Probably a cry used of the small-debts courts, are mostly subby way of exhorting to swift running.

ject to the review of the Court of Session. Dolphin, my boy, sessa! let him trot by. Shak. Judgments of the Court of Session may be Let the world slide, sessa! Shak. appealed against to the House of Lords.

The judges hold their office ad vitam aut Sessile (ses'sil), a. L. sessilis, from sedeo.

culpam, and their nomination and appoint8e88um, to sit. In zool. and bot. attached

ment are in the crown.- Clerk of the session. without any sensible projecting support;

See under CLERK.-Great Session of Wales, sitting directly on the body to which it

a court which was abolished by 1 William IV. belongs without a support: attached by a

1xx.; the proceedings now issue out of the base; as, a sessile leaf, one issuing directly

courts at Westminster, and two of the from the main stem or branch

judges of the superior courts hold the cirwithout a petiole or foot.

cuits in Wales and Cheshire as in other stalk; a sessile flower, one

English counties.-5. In the Church of Scot-
having no peduncle; a sessile

land, see KIRK-SESSION.
Sessional (se'shon-al). a. Relating or be-
longing to a session or sessions. -Sessional
orders, in Parliament, certain orders agreed
to by both Houses of Parliament at the com-
mencement of each session, which are re-
newed from year to year, and not intended
to endure beyond the existing session. Sir

E. May.
Session-clerk (se'shon-klärk), n. In Scot-
land, one who officially keeps the books and

documents of a kirk-session, makes all en-
Sessile Leaves.
Sessile Flower.

tries, and manages the proclamations of

banns for marriages. gland, one not elevated on a stalk; a sessile

I Sesg-pool (ses' pöl), n. See CESS-POOL. stigma, one without a style, as in the poppy.

Sesterce, Sestertius (ses'térs, ses-tér'shēThe first figure shows the sessile leaves of

us), n. (Fr. sesterce, L. sestertius, lit. what American snake-root(Polygala Senega), and

contains two and a half-semis, a hall, and the second the sessile flower of chicory

tertinus, a third.) A Roman coin or denomi(Cichorium Intybus).

nation of money, in value the fourth part

of a denarius, and originally containing two Session (se'shon ), n. [Fr., from L. 8e88io,

asses and a half, about 2d. sterling.

1. Act sessionis, from sedeo, sessum, to sit.]

The

Romans generally reckoned sums of money of sitting; state of being seated.

in sestertii, although the coin used in makFor so much his ascension into heaven and his session at the right hand of God do import. Hooker.

ing payments was commonly the denarius. But Vivian ... leaped from her session on his lap

Large sums they reckoned by sestertia, that and stood.

Tennyson.

is, sums of a thousand sestertii.

Several of them would rather chuse a sum in ses2. The sitting together of a body of indivi

terces than in pounds sterling.

Addison. duals for the transaction of business; the sitting of a court, academic body, council,

Sestet, Sestetto (ses'tet, ses-tet'to), n. [It. legislature, &c., or the actual assembly of the

sestetto, from L. 8extus, sixth, from sex, six. ] members of these or any similar body for

In music, a composition for six voices or six the transaction of business; as, the court is

instruments. Written also Sestett. now in session, that is, the members are

Sestine (ses'tin), n. In pros, a stanza of six assembled for business.

lines; a sextain. Suminon a session that we may arraign

Set (set), v.t. pret. & pp. set; ppr. setting. Our most disloyal lady.

Shak.

(Causative or factitive of sit; A. Sax. settan, His pigeons, who in session on their roofs

to set, place, appoint, &c.; 0. Sax. settian, Approved him, bowing at their own deserts.

Icel. setja, Dan. sette, Goth. satjan G. setzen,

Tennyson. to set.] 1. To make or cause to sit; to place 3. The time, space, or term during which in a sitting, standing, or any natural posa court, council, legislature, and the like,

ture; to place upright; as, to set a box on its meet daily for business or transact business end or a table on its feet: often with up or regularly without breaking up. Thus a ses down. 'Sets down her babe.' Shak. sion of parliament comprises the time from

They took Dagon, and set him in his place again. its meeting to its prorogation, of which

i Sam, v. 3. there is in general but one in each year.

Thy grand captain Antony The session of a judicial court is called a

Shall set thee on triumphant chariots and term. - 4. In lav, generally used absolutely

Put garlands on thy head.

Shak. in the plnral, a sitting of justices in court

We'll set thy statue in some holy place, upon commission; as, the sessions of oyer

And have thee reverenced like a blessed saint.

Shak. and terminer. See under OYER.

2. Generally, to put, place, or fix; to put in We have had a very heavy sessions, said the judge. a certain place, position, or station.

T. Hook. -Sessions of the peace, the name given to

I do set my bow in the cloud. Gen. ix, 13. sessions held by jastices of the peace, whe

Where may we set our horses? Shak. ther petty, special, quarter, or general. - More specifically, (a) to arrange; to dispose; Petty sessions, the meeting of two or more to station; to post. justices for trying offences in a summary Set we our squadrons on yond side o' the hill, way under various acts of parliament em

In eye of Cæsar's battle.

Shak. powering them to do so.-Special sessions, Am I a sea or a whale, that thou settest a watch sessions held by justices acting for a divi over me?

Job vii. 12. sion of a county or riding, or for a burgh, (1) To place or plant firmly; as, to set one's for the transaction of special business, such foot upon a person's neck. Set him breast as granting licenses, &c. -Quarter-sessions. deep in earth.' Shak. (c) To establish in a

certain post or office; to appoint; as, to set
a person over others; to set a man at the
head of affairs.-3. To make or cause to be,
do, or act; to put from one state into an-
other; as, to set a person right; to set at
ease; to set in order; to set a man to work.
See also phrases below.
I am come to set a man at variance against his

Mat. X. 35
I cannot think but in the end the villanies of man
will set him clear.

Shak. Blow, bugle, blow, set the wild echoes Aying,

Tennyson. 4. To fix or make immobile: to render motionless. Here comes Baptista; set your countenance, sir.

Shak. Set are her eyes, and motionless her limbs. Garth, 5. To fix as regards amount or value; to determine or regulate beforehand; as, to set a price on a house, farm, or horse.

And as for these whose ransom we have set,

It is our pleasure one of them depart. Shak.
6. To fix or settle authoritatively or by ar-
rangement; to prescribe; to appoint; to
assign; to predetermine; as, to set a time
or place for meeting; to set an hour or a day
for a journey. 'Set him such a task to be
done in such a time.' Locke.

I am to bruise his heel;
His seed (when is not set) shall bruise my head.

Shak.
7. To place in estimation; to value; to esti-
mate; to rate; to prize.
Ye have set at nought all my counsel. Prov. i. 25.

I do not set my life at a pin's fee. Shak. 8. To regulate or adjust; as, to set a timepiece by the sun.

In court they determine the king's good by his desires, which is a kind of setting the sun by the dial.

Suckling 9. To fit to music; to adapt with notes; as, to set the words of a psalm to music. Set thy own songs, and sing them to thy lute.

Dryden, 10. To pitch; to lead off, as a tune in singing.

I had one day set the hundredth psalm, and was singing the first line, in order to put the congregation into tune.

Spectator 11. To plant, as a shrub, tree, or vegetable, as distinguished from sowing.

Whatsoever fruit useth to be set upon a root or a slip, if it be sown, will degenerate.

Басе.

I'll not put The dibble in earth to set one slip of them. Shak. 12. To fix for ornament, as in metal; as, a diamond set in a ring.

Too rich a jewel to be set In vulgar metal for a vulgar use. Dryden, 13. To adorn, as with precious stones ; to intersperse; to stud; as, to set anything with diamonds or pearls.

High on their heads, with jewels richly set,

Each lady wore a radiant coronet. Dryden. 14. To reduce from a dislocated or fractured state; as, to set a bone or a leg.-15. To fix mentally; to fix with settled purpose; to place; to make intent on, as the heart or affections. Minds altogether set on trade and profit.' Addison.

Set not thy sweet heart on proud array. Shak. 16. To stake at play; to wager; to risk.

I have set my life upon a cast, And I will stand the hazard of the die. Skak. 17. To embarrass; to perplex; to pose; to bring to a mental stand-still.

They are hard set to represent the bill as a griev. ance.

Addison, Learning was pos'd, Philosophie was set,

Sophisters taken in a fisher's net. G. Herbert. 18. To put in good order; to put in trim for use; as, to set a razor, that is, to give it a fine edge; to set a saw, to incline the teeth laterally to right and left in order that the kerf may be wider than the thickness of the blade.-19. To apply or use in action; to employ: with to; as, to set spurs to one's horse.

Set the axe to thy usurping root.' Shak.
'That the Lord thy God may bless thee in
all that thou settest thine hand to.' Dent
xxiii. 20.-20. To attach; to add to; to join
with; to impart: with to or on. Do set a
scandal on my sex.' Shak.
Be Mercury, set feathers to thy heels,
And fly like thought from them to me again. Shak.
21. To incite; to instigate; to encourage; to
spur: often with on. See also below. "Sets
Thersites to match us in comparisons.'
Shak.

Spit and throw stones, cast mire upon me, set
The dogs of the street to bay me.

Shak. 22. To produce; to contrive.

Most freely I confess, myself and Toby
Set this device against Malvolio here.

[graphic]

To apply set spurs. root' De in SET

[graphic]

SETA

et (set), P.

Regular; 1

set speec

23. To offer for a price; to expose for sale. (d) To adorn; to embellish.

-To set out, (a) to begin a journey or course; There is not a more wicked thing than a covetous An ugly woman in a rich habit, set out with jewels, as, to set out for London or from London: man; for such an one setteth his own soul to sale. nothing can become.

Dryden. to set out in business; to set out in life or Ecclus. X. 9. (e) To raise, equip, and send forth; to fur the world. (6) To have a beginning.-To set 24. To put in opposition; to oppose. nish.

to, to apply one's self to. To set up, (a) to Will you set your wit to a fool's ? Shak. The Venetians pretend they could set out, in case begin business or a scheme of life; as, to set

of great necessity, thirty men of war. 25. To let or grant to a tenant.

up in trade; to set up for one's self.

Addison. They care not ... at how unreasonable rates they

There is no such thing as a powerful or even dis. () To show; to display; to recommend; to

tinguished family, unless in somne province, as Egypt, set their grounds. Bp. Hall. set off.

of which the bashaw has rebelled and set up for him. 28. To write: to note down: often with

I could set out that best side of Luther.

self.

Brougkam.

Atterbury. down; as, I have his words all set douen (9) To show; to prove.

(6) To profess openly; to make pretensions; here.

Those very reasons set out how heinous his sin

as, he sets up for a man of wit; he sets up to AU his faults observed, was.

Atterbury.

teach morality. Set in a note-book, learn'd, and conn d by rote.

Set (set), p. and a
(h) To recite; to state at large.-To set over,
Shak.

1. Placed; put; located;

fixed, &c. -2. Regular; in due form; well(a) to appoint or constitute as supervisor, 27. In printing, (a) to place in proper order,

arranged or put together; as, a set speech or inspector, governor, or director. as types; to compose. (6) To put into type; as, to set a MS.: usually with up.-28. Naut. I have set thee over all the land of Egypt.

phrase; a set discourse; a set battle. (a) to loosen and extend; to spread; as, to

Gen. xli. 41.

Rail'd on Lady Fortune in good terins, set the sails of a ship. (b) To observe the

(6) To assign; to transfer; to convey.-To set In good set terins and yet a motley fool. Shak. bearings of, as a distant object by the comright, to correct; to put in order.-To set

3. Fixed in opinion; determined; firm; obsail (naut.). See under SAIL.-To set the pass; as, to set the land; to set the sun.

stinate; as, a man set in his opinions or 29. To Inake stiff or solid; to convert into teeth on edge. See under EDGE.-To set the

way.-4. Established; prescribed; settled; fashion, to establish the mode; to determine curd; as, to set milk for cheese. --- 30. To

appointed; as, set forms of prayer. what shall be the fashion.-To set up, (a) become as to manners, rank, merit; to be

Set places and set hours are but parts of that worcome as to dress; to fit; to suit. (Scotch.) to erect; as, to set up a post or a monu

ship we owe.

South. ment. (6) To begin a new institution; to -To set against, to oppose; to set in com

5. Predetermined: fixed beforehand; as, a institute; to establish; to found; as, to set parison, or to oppose as an equivalent in up a manufactory; to set up a school.

set purpose. 6. Fixed; immovable. exchange. 'Setting the probabilities of the story against the credit of the witnesses.' To enable to commence a new business; as,

He saw that Marner's eyes were set like a dead

man's. to set up a son in trade. (d) To raise; to

George Eliot, Brougham. To set aside, (a) to omit for the present; to lay out of the question. Setting exalt; to put in power.

Set scene, in theatricals, a scene where

I will set up shepaside all other considerations."

there is a good deal of arrangement for the herds over them.' Jer. xxiii. 4. (e) To place Tillotson. in view; as, to set up a mark. () To raise:

pose. -Set speech, (a) a speech carefully pre. () To reject Woodward. (c) To abrogate;

to utter loudly. I'll set up such a note as pared beforehand. (6) A formal or methodito annul: as, to set aside a verdict. -To set she shall hear.' Dryden. (9) To advance;

cal speech. at defiance, to defy: to dare to combat. To set at case, to quiet; to tranquillize; as,

Set (set). n. 1. A number or collection of to propose as truth or for reception; as, to set up a new opinion or doctrine. (h) To raise

things of the same kind or suited to each to set the mind at ease.-To set at naught, from depression or to a sufficient fortune:

other, or to be used together, of which each to regard as of no value or consideration: to despise. -To set a trap or snare, to preas, this good fortune quite set him up. (0)

is a necessary complement of all the rest; pare and place it so as to catch prey; hence,

a complete suit or assortment; as, a set of Naut. to extend, as the shrouds, stays, &c.

chairs; a set of tea-cups; a set of China or 6) To fix; to establish; as, a resolution. to lay a plan to deceive and draw into the

other ware. (In this sense sometimes incorpower of another. - To set at work, to cause

Here will I set up my everlasting rest. Shak.

rectly written Sett. -2. A number of perto enter on work or action; to direct how to (k) In printing, (1) to put in type; as, to set

sons customarily or officially associated; as, enter on work.-To set before, (a) to present up a page of copy. (2) To arrange in words,

a set of men; a set of officers; or a number to view; to exhibit; to display. To set lines, &c.; to compose; as, to set up type.

of persons united by some affinity of taste, before your sight your glorious race.' Dry To set up rigging (naut.), to increase the

character, or the like, or of things which den (6) To present for choice or consider tension of the rigging by tackles.

have some resemblance or relation to each ation. To set by, to reject; to put aside; / Set (set), v.i. 1. To pass below the horizon;

other. to dismiss; to omit for the present.-To set to sink; to decline.

In men this blunder still you find down, (a) to place npon the ground or floor.

His sinother'd light

All think their little set mankind. (6) To enter in writing; to register. Shak. May set at noon and make perpetual night. Shak.

Mrs. H. More.

This falls into different divisions or sets of nations (c)+ To ordain; to fix; to establish.

My eyes no object met,
This

But distant skies that in the ocean set. Dryden. connected under particular religions, &c. R. Ward. law... which God hath set down with himself.' Hooker.-To set eyes on, to fix the

2. To be fixed hard ; to be close or firm. 3. A number of particular things that are

• Maketh the teeth to set hard one against eyes in looking on; to behold.

united in the formation of a whole; as, a set another.' Bacon. --3. To fit music to words. No single soul can we set yes on. Shak.

of features.-4. A young plant for growth;

Your ladyship can set.' Shak.-4. To con as, sets of white-thorn or other shrub.--Sets - To set fire to, to apply fire to; to set on geal or concrete; to solidify.

and eyes of potatoes, slices of the tubers of fire. To set forth, (a) to represent by words; That fluid substance in a few minutes begins to set. the potato for planting, each slice having to present to view or consideration : to

Boyle.

at least one eye or bud.-5. The descent of make known fully; to show. (6) To promul. 5. To begin a journey, march, or voyage;

the sun or other luminary below the hori. gate: to publish; to make appear. (c)t To to go forth; to start. The king is set from

zon; as, the set of the sun. Looking at the prepare and send out. A fleet of sixty gal. London. Shak. (Instead of the simple

set of day.' Tennyson.-6. A wager; a ven. leys set forth by the Venetians.' Knoủes. verb, we now use set out. )-6. To plant; to

ture; a stake; hence, a game of chance; To set forward, to advance; to promote; to place plants or shoots in the ground; as,

a match. further; as, to set forward a scheme. To to sow dry, and to set wet. -7. To flow; to

We will, in France, play a set set them forward in the way of life.' Hooker,

have a certain direction in motion; to tend; Shall strike his father's crown into the hazard. -To set in, to put in the way to begin; to as, the tide sets to the east or north; the

Shak.

That was but civil war, an equal set. give a start to. current sets westward.

Dryden. If you please to assist and ket me in.' Jeremy Collier. - To set in order. Trust me, cousin, all the current of my being sets to 7. An attitude, position, or posture.

thee. to adjust or arrange; to reduce to method.

Tennyson. Moneys in possession do give a set to the head

8. To point out game, as a sportsman's dog; and a confidence to the voice. Cornhill Mag. The rest will I set in order when I come.

to hunt game by the aid of a setter.-9. To i Cor. xi. 34

8. A permanent change of figure caused -To set much (little, &c.) by, to regard much; undertake earnestly; to apply one's self.

by pressure or being retained long in one to esteem greatly.

If he sets industriously and sincerely to position; as, the set of a spring. -9. The

perform the commands of Christ.' HamHis name was much set by. Sam. xviii. 30.

lateral deflection of a saw tooth. - 10. In mond.-10. To face one's partner in dancing.

plastering, the last coat of plaster on walls -To set of, (a) to adorn; to decorate; to em Out went the boots, first on one side, then on the for papering. - 11. In music and dancing, bellish Addison. (6) To show to the best other, then cutting, then shuffling, then setting to the

the five figures or movements of a quad. advantage; to recommend. That which Denmark satins.

Dickens.

rille; the music adapted to a quadrille; hath no foil to set it of' Shak. (c) To place -To set about, to begin: to take the first

and also, the number of couples required to against as an equivalent (d) To remove. steps in; as, to set about a business or en

execute the dance.-12. In theatres, a set Shak. --To set on or upon, (a) to incite; to terprise.-To set forth or forward, to move

scene. (See SET, p. and a., and SCENE.) An instigate; to animate to action. or march; to begin to march; to advance.

elaborate set.' Cornhill Mag.-13. A direcThou, traitor, hast set on thy wife to this. Shak.

It is meet I presently set forth. Shak. tion or course; as, the set of a current. -Set (%) To employ as in a task. Set on thy

The sons of Gershon and the sons of Merari set or sett of a burgh, in Scots law, the constiforward.

Num. X, 17. wife to observe.' Shak. (c) To determine

tution of a burgh. The setts are either with settled purpose.

-To set in, (a) to begin; as, winter in Eng. established by immemorial usage, or were

A patch set on learning' Shak. - To set one's cap at. See

land usually sets in about December. (0) To at some time or other modelled by the conunder CAP-To set one's teeth, to press

become settled in a particular state. When vention of burghs.-A dead set, (a) the act them close together. - To set on

the weather was set in to be very bad.' Ad. fire, to

of a setter dog when it discovers the game, kindle: to inflame.

dison. (c) To flow towards the shore; as, the and remains intently fixed in pointing it It will set the heart on fire.'

tide sets in. To set off. (a) in printing, to deShak-To set on foot, to start; to set

out. () A concerted scheme to defraud a face or soil the next sheet: said of the ink on agoing.-To set out, (a) to assign; to allot;

person by gaming. Grose. (c) A detera newly-printed sheet, when another sheet as, to set out the share of each proprietor or

mined stand in argument or in movement. her of an estate. (b) To publish, as a pro

comes in contact with it before it has had time [Colloq.- To be at a dead set, to be in a fixed clamation. "That excellent proclamation

to dry. (6) To start; to enter on a journey. state or condition which precludes further met out by the king' Bacon. (c) To mark

-To set on or upon, (a) to begin a journey progress. - To make a dead set, to make a

or an enterprise. He that would seriously by boundaries or distinctions of space.

determined onset, or an importunate appliset upon the search of truth.' Locke. (6) cation. Determinate portions of those infinite abysses of

To assault; to make an attack; as, they all Seta (sè'ta), n. pl. Setæ (sē'tē). (L., a bristle.) space and duration, set out, or supposed to be distinguished from all the rest by known boundaries. set upon him at once.

A bristle or sharp hair; specifically, in bot. Locke.

Cassio has been set on in the dark. Shak. I a bristle of any sort; a stiff hair; a slender SETACEOUS

44

SETTLE

tas.

straight prickle; also, the stalk that sup- | bristle - hair or bristles having been origi continually beat their brains, how to draw in some ports the theca, capsule, or sporangium of nally used for the purpose.] In surg, a skein innocent unguarded heir into their hellish net. mosses. In zool. setæ are the stiff short hairs of silk or cotton, or similar material, passed

Sorch. that cover many caterpillars and insects, under the true skin and the cellular tissue

4. In gun, a round stick for driving fuses, or the bristles or processes that cover the limbs beneath, in order to maintain an artificial

any other compositions, inío cases made of and mandibles of many crustaceans. issue. They are inserted by means of a

paper.

Setter - forth (set'ér-forth), n. One who Setaceous (sē tā'shus), a. (L. seta, a bristle.] knife and a probe, or a large needle called 1. Bristly; set with bristles; consisting of

sets forth or brings into public notice: & a seton needle, and are applied as counterbristles; as, a stiff setaceous tail.-2. In bot.

proclaimer. 'A setter-forth of strange gods.' irritants to act as a drain on the system bristle-shaped; having the character of seta;

Acts xvii. 18. generally, or to excite inflammation and as, a setaceous leaf or leaflet adhesion. The name is also given to the

Setter-grass (set'ér-gras), n. Same as SetSetaria (sē-ta'ri-a), n (From L. seta, a

ter-wort. issue itself. bristle. The involucre is bristly.) A genus Setose (sē'tos), a. (L. setosus, from seta, a

Setter-off (set'er-of), n. One who or that of grasses with spikelets in a den ze cylin

which sets off, decorates, adorns, or recombristle. In bot. bristly; having the surface set with bristles; as, a setose leaf or recep

mends. drical spikelike panicle, containing a few

Gilders, setters-of of thy graces. species cultivated as corn-grains in some tacle.

Whitlock. countries. The species are found in both

Setter-on (set'er-on), n. One who sets on; Setous (sé'tus), a. Same as Setose. the warm and tropical parts of the world. Set-out (set'out), n. 1. Preparations, as for

an instigator; an inciter. S viridis is indigenous in England, S. ger beginning a journey, &c. A committee of

I could not look upon it but with weeping eyes, in

remembering him who was the only setter.on to do manica is cultivated in Hungary as food for ten, to make all the arrangements and

A scham. horses, and s. italica is cultivated in Italy manage the whole set-out.' Dickens.-2. Comand other parts of Europe. (See MILLET.)

Setter-up (set'er-up), n. One who sets up,

pany; set; clique. The genus is sometimes included under

establishes, makes, or appoints. Proud

She must just hate and detest the whole set out of Panicum.

Dickens.

setter-up and puller down of kings!' Shak. Set-back (set'bak), n. In arch. a flat plain

Setter-wort (set'èr-wert), n. A perennial 3. A display, as of plate, &c.; dress and acset-off in a wall.

plant, a species of Helleborus, the 8. fætidus cessories; equipage; turn-out. Set-bolt (set'bolt), n. In ship-building, an

(bear's-foot). Called also Setter-grass. iron bolt for faying planks close to each

His drag is whisked along rapidly by a brisk chest | Setting (set'ing), 1. 1. The act of one who nut pony, well-harnessed; the whole sel-out, I was

or that which sets. other, or for forcing another bolt out of its inforined, pony included, cost £50 when new. hole.

Mayhews.

I have touched the highest point of all my greatness,

And from that full meridian of my glory,
Set-down (set'doun ), n. A depressing or [Collog. in all senses.]
Set-screw (set'skrö), n.

I haste now to my setting. humiliating rebuke or reprehension; a re

A screw, as in a

Shak. buff ; an unexpected and overwhelming an cramp, screwed throngh one part tightly

2. Sporting with a setting-dog. When I swer or reply. upon another to bring pieces of wood, metal,

go a-hawking or setting.' Boyle.--3. SomeSetee (set-ē), n. A vessel rigged with lateen &c., into close contact.

thing set in or inserted. sails; a settee (which see).

Set - stitched (set'sticht), a. Stitched ac And thou shalt set in it settings of stones, even four Set-fair (set fär). n. The coat of plaster cording to a set pattern. Sterne.

rows of stones.

Ex. xxviii. 17. used after roughing in, and floated,or pricked Sett (set), n. 1. A piece placed temporarily 4. That in which something, as a jewel, is up and floated.

on the head of a pile which cannot be set; as, a diamond in a gold setting.-5. The Set-foil (set'foil), n. See SEPT-FOIL.

reached by the monkey or weight but by hardening of plaster or cement. Also, same Sethe (sēTH), n. A name given to the coal means of some intervening matter. -- 2. See as Setting-coat. fish (which see). Written and pronounced

SET, 1.-3. A number of mines taken upon Setting-coat (set'ing-köt), n. The best sort variously Seath, Saith. Seethe. Seu. Scotchillease. -Sett of a burgh. See SET.

of plastering on walls or ceilings; a finishSethic (seth'ik), a. (A corruption of sothiac Sette, t v.t. (See SET.) To set; to place; to ing-coat of fine stuff laid by a trowel over (which see)] In chron, applied to a period put; to reckon; to fix.- To sette a man's the floating-coat, which is of coarse stuff. of 1460 years.

cappe, to make a fool of him. Chaucer. Setting - dog (set'ing-dog), n. A setter. Setiferous (sé-tiffér-us), a. [L. seta, a bristle, Settee (set-tē'), n. 1. [From set.] A long Addison. and fero, to bear.) Producing or having

seat with a back to it; a large sofa-shaped Setting-pole (set'ing-pol), n. A long pole, bristles.

seat for several persons to sit in at one often iron pointed, used for pushing boats, Setiform (sē'ti-form), a. (L. seta, a bristle, I time; a kind of double arm-chair in which &c., along in shallow water. and forma, form.] Having the form of a two persons can sit at once.

Setting -rule (set'ing-röl), n. In printing, bristle.

Ingenious Fancy, never better pleased

same as Composing-rule. Setiger (set'i-jer), n. One of the Setigera. Than when employ'd t'accommodate the fair, Setting-stick (set'ing-stik), 11. In printing, Setigera (sē-tij'ér-a), n. pl. (L. setiger, bristly

Heard the sweet inoan with pity, and devised a composing-stick.

The soft settee; one elbow at each end, --seta, a bristle, and gero, to carry.) A tribe

Settle (set'l), n. [A. Sax. setl, a seat, a stool,

And in the inidst an elbow it received, of abranchiate annelidans, whose members,

Cowper.

a settle; from set, sit. United yet divided, twain at once.

Comp. L sella, a like the earthworms, are provided with

seat, for sedla, from sedeo, to sit. See SET, bristles for locomotion. 2. (Fr. scétie, sétie. ) A vessel with one deck

SIT.) 1. A seat or bench; something to sit Setigerous (bē-tij'er-us), a. (L. seta, a bristle,

and a very long sharp prow, carrying two on; a stool. 'An vaken settle in the hall.' and gero, to bear] Covered with bristles ;

Tennyson setiferous.

The man, their hearty welcome first exprest, Setireme (sē'ti-rēm), n. (L. seta, a bristle,

A common settle drew for either guest. Dryden. and remus, an oar. In entom. one of the

2. A part of a platform lower than another legs of some insects, as the diving beetle,

part. that has a dense fringe of hairs on the inner

Settle (setl), v.t. pret. & pp. settled; ppr. side enabling the animal to move on the

settling. (From set; a freq. in form.] 1. To water.

place in a fixed or permanent position; to Set - line (set'lin), n. In fishing, a line to

establish which a number of baited hooks are at.

And I will multiply upon you man and beast ... tached, and which, supported by buoys, is

and I will settle you after your old estates. extended on the surface of the water, and

Ezek. xxxvi. 11. may be left unguarded during the absence

But I will settle him in inine house, and in any king. of the fisherman.

dom for ever.

1 Chr. xvii. 14. Setness (set'nes), n. The state or quality

2. To establish or fix in any way or line of of being set. (Rare.)

life; to place or fix in an office, business, Set-off (set'of), n. 1. That which is set off

situation, charge, and the like; as, to settle against another thing; an offset. -2. That

a young man in a trade or profession; to which is used to improve the appearance

settle a daughter by marriage; to settle a of anything; a decoration; an ornament.

Settee.

clergyman in a parish. 3. A counter-claim or demand; a cross debt:

The father thought the time drew on a counterbalance; an equivalent. or three masts with lateen sails; used in

of settling in the world his only son. Dryden. After the cheque is paid into a different bank, it the Mediterranean.

3. To set or fix, as in purpose or intention. will not be presented for payment, but liquidated Settee - bed (set-tē'bed). n. A bed that Exalt your passion by directing and settling it upon by a set-off against other cheques. F. S. Miu. turns up in the form of a settee.

an object.

Boyle. An example or two of peace broken by the public Setter (set'ér). n. 1. One who or that which 4. To change from a disturbed or troubled voice is a poor set-off against the constant outrages

sets; as, a setter of precious stones, or jewel. condition to one of quietness, tranquillity, upon humanity and habitual inroads upon the happi

ler; a setter of type, or compositor; a setter ness of the country subject to an absolute monarch.

or the like; to quiet; to still; hence, to calm Brougham.

of music to words, a musical composer, and the agitation of; to compose; as, to settle 4. In law, the merging, wholly or partially, the like. This word is often compounded the mind when disturbed or agitated. of a claim of one person against another in with on, of, up, &c.; as, setter-on, setter-off,

God settled then the huge whale-bearing lake. a counter-claim by the latter against the and so on. See the separate entries.-2. A

Chapman. former. Thus a plea of set-off is a plea kind of sportsman's dog, which derives its 5. To clear of dregs, sediment, or impurities, whereby a defendant acknowledges the jus name from its habit of setting or crouching by causing them to sink; to render pure and tice of the plaintiff's demand, but sets up when it perceives the scent of game, instead clear, as a liquid; also, to cause to subside another demand of his own to counterbal of standing, like the pointer. Setters are, or sink to the bottom, as dregs, &c.; as, to ance that of the plaintiff either in whole or however, now trained to adopt the pointer's settle coffee grounds. So working seas in part-5. The part of a wall, &c., which mode of standing whilst marking game. It settle and purge the wine.' Sir J. Daries. is exposed horizontally when the portion partakes somewhat of the character and 6. To render compact, close, or solid; hence, above it is reduced in thickness. Also called appearance of the pointer and spaniel, and to bring to a smooth, dry, passable condi. Offset.-6. In printing, the transferred im is generally regarded as having descended tion; as, the fine weather will settle the roads pression from a printed page, the ink on from the crossing of these two varieties. - Cover ant-hills up, that the rain may settle the turf which is undried, to an opposite page, when 3. A man who performs the office of a set before the spring

Mortimer, the two leaves are pressed together.

ting-dog, or finds persons to be plundered 7. To determine, as something which is exSeton (sē' ton), n. (Fr., from L. seta, a Another set of men are the devil's setters, who posed to doubt or question; to free from

[graphic]

SETTLE

45

SEVENTY

uncertainty or wavering; to make firm, sure, (c) The act or process of adjusting, deter Seven (sev'n), n. 1. The number greater by or constant; to confirm; as, to settle one's mining, or deciding; the removal or recon one than six; a group of things amounting doubts; to settle a question of law.

ciliation of differences or doubts; the liqui to this number. It will settle the wavering, and confirm the doubtful. dation of a claim or account; adjustment; Of every beast and bird, and insect suall Swift arrangement; as, the settlement of a con Came savens and pairs.

Alilion. &. To adjust, as something in discussion or troversy or dispute; the settlement of a debt 2. The symbol representing this number, as controversy; to bring to a conclusion; to or the like. (d) A bestowing or giving pos 7 or vii. arrange; to finish; to close up; as, to settle session under legal sanction; the act of Sevenfold (ser'n-föld), a. 1. Repeated seven a dispute by agreement, compromise, or granting or conferring anything in a formal times; multiplied seven times; increased to force. -9. To make sure or certain, or to and permanent manner.

seven times the size or amount. make secure by a formal or legal process or

My flocks, my fields, my woods, my pastures take, What, if the breath that kindled those grim fires, act; as, to settle an annuity on a person; to With settlement as good as law can luake. Dryden, Awaked, should blow them into sevenfold rage. settle the succession to the throne.--10. To

Milion. 2. In law, (a) a deed by which property is liquidate; to balance; to pay; to adjust, as,

2. Having seven plies or folds; as, the sevento settle an account, claim, or score.-11. To settled; the general will or disposition by

fold shield of Ajax. plant with inhabitants; to people; to colo. which a person regulates the disposal of his

Sevenfold (sev'n-fold), adv. Seven times as nize; as, the French first settled Canada; property, usually through the medium of

much or often; in the proportion of seven the Puritans settled New England. Protrustees, and for the benefit of a wife, chil

to one. vinces first settled after the flood.' Mitford. dren, or other relatives; disposition of pro

Whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken -To settle the main-top-sail halyard 8 perty at marriage in favour of a wife;

on him sevenfold.

Gen. iv. 15 ( nut), to ease off a small portion of them

jointure.

Sevennight (ser'n-nit). n. The period of so as to lower the yard a little. - To settle

He blew a settlement along:

seven days and nights; a week, or the time

And bravely bore his rivals down the land, to cause it to sink or appear lower

With coach and six, and house in town. Swift.

from one day of the week to the next day of by receding from it.

the same denomination preceding or folSettle (seti). v. 1. To become fixed or (6) A settled place of abode: residence; a

lowing. See SE'NNIGHT. permanent; to assume a lasting form or right arising out of residence; legal resi

Shining woods, laid in a dry room, within a serien. condition; to become stationary, from a dence or establishment of a person in a par

night, lost their shining.

Bacon. temporary or changing state. ticular parish, town, or locality, which en

Seven-shooter (ser'n-shot-er). n A reAnd I too dream'd, until at last titles him to maintenance if a pauper, and

volver with seven chambers or barrels. Across my fancy, brooding warm, subjects the parish or town to his support.

(Coloq.) The reflex of a legend past,

3. A new tract of country peopled or settled; And loosely settled into form. Tennyson.

Sevensome (sev'n-sum), a. Consisting of a colony, especially a colony in its earlier 2 To establish a residence: to take up a

seven things or parts; arranged by sevens. stages; as, the British settlements in Ameri

N. Brit. Rev. (Rare.] permanent habitation or place of abode. ca or Australia; a back settlement.4.1 That

Sevensomeness (sev'n-sum-nes). n. The The Spinetæ, descended from the Pelasgi, settled which settles or subsides; subsided matter:

quality of being sevensome; arrangement at the mouth of the river Po. Arbuthnot. sediment; dregs; lees; settlings. Fuller's

or gradation by sevens. N. Brit. Rev. 2. To be established in a method of life: to earth left a thick settlement. Mortimer.

(Rare) quit an irregular and desultory for a me 5. In the United States, a sum of money or

Seventeen (sev'n-tēn), a. One more than thodical life; to enter the married state, or other property granted to a clergyman on

sixteen, or less than eighteen; seven and the state of a householder, to be established his ordination, exclusive of his salary.-Act

ten added; as, seventeen years. in an employment or profession; as, to settle of settlement, in Eng. hist. the act passed in

Seventeen (ser'n-tén), n. 1. The number in life: to settle in the ministry. 1702, by which the crown was settled (on

greater by one than sixteen; the sum of ten As people marry now and settle, the death of Queen Anne) upon Sophia,

and seven.-2. A symbol representing this Fierce love abates his usual mettle. Prior. electress of Hanover, and the heirs of her

number, as 17 or xvii. 4 To become quiet or clear; to change from body (the present royal line), being Pro

Seventeenth (sev'n-tēnth), a. 1. One next in a disturbed or turbid state to the opposite; testants.

order after the sixteenth; one coming after to become free from dress. &c. by their | Settler (setler), n. 1. One who settles; par.

sixteen of the same class; as, the seventeenth sinking to the bottom, as liquids; to become ticularly, one who fixes his residence in a

day of the month.-2. Constituting or being dry and hard, as the ground after rain or new colony.

one of seventeen equal parts into which a frost; as, wine settles when standing; roads You saw the beginnings of civilization as it were ; | thing may be divided settle in the spring. and the necessity of mutual helpfulness among the

Seventeenth (sev'n-tenth). n. 1. The next settlers.

W. Black A government, on such occasions, is always thick

in order after the sixteenth; the seventh before it settles.

Addison, 2. That which settles or decides anything after the tenth.-2. The quotient of a unit 5. To sink or fall gradually: to subside, as

definitely, as a blow that decides a fight. divided by seventeen; one of seventeen dregs from a clarifying liquid ; to become (Colloq.)

equal parts of a whole.-3. In music, an inlowered, as a building, by the sinking of its

settling (set'ling), n. 1. The act of one who terval consisting of two octaves and a third. foundation or the displacement of the

or that which settles.- 2. pl. Lees; dregs; Seventh (sev'nth), a. 1. Next after the ground beneath; as, coffee grounds settle; sediment

sixth.-2. Constituting or being one of seven the house settles on its foundation.

Settling - back (setling-bak), n. A recep equal parts into which a whole may be diThat country became a gained ground by the mud

tacle in which a solution of glue in process vided; as, the seventh part. brought down by the Nilus, which settled by degrees

of manufacture is kept warm until the im Seventh (sev'nth),n. 1. One next in order after into a firm land. Sir T. Browne. purities have time to settle.

the sixth.-2. The quotient of a unit divided 6. To become calm; to cease from agitation.

Settling-day (set'ling-da), n. A day set by seven ; one of seven equal parts into Then, till the fury of his highness settie,

apart for the settling of accounts; specifi which a whole is divided. — 3. In music, Corne not before hin.

Shak.

cally, in the stock exchange, the prompt day (a) the interval of five tones and a semitone 7. To adjust differences, claims, or accounts;

in the produce market, the half-monthly embracing seven degrees of the diatonic to come to an agreement; as, he has settled account-day for shares and stocks.

scale, as from C to B, or do to si: called also with his creditors.-8. To make a jointure

Settlor (set’lor), n. In law, the person who a major seventh. An interval one semitone for a wife. makes a settlement.

greater than this, as from C to B, is an Set-to (set'tö). n. A sharp contest; a fight augmented seventh. An interval one semiHe sighs with most success that settles well. Garth.

at fisty-cuffs; a pugilistic encounter: a box tone less than the major seventh is a minor Settle-bed (set'l-bed), n. A bed constructed ing match; any similar contest, as with foils. seventh, and one a semitone less than this so as to fortu a seat; a half-canopy bed. (Colloq.]

again is a diminished seventh. (0) The Settled (setid). p. and a. 1 Fixed; estab Setula (set'ũ-la), n. pl. Setulæ (set'ü-le). seventh note of the diatonic scale reckonlished, stable.

(L. dim, of seta, a bristle.] In bot, a small ing upwards: the B or si of the natural A land of settled government,

bristle or hair; also, the stipe of certain scale. Called also the leading note. A land of just and old renown, fungi.

Seventh-day (sev'nth-da), a. Pertaining or Where Freedom broadens slowly down

Setule (set'ül), n. From precedent to precedent.

relating to the seventh day of the week or

A small, short bristle or
Tennyson.
hair. Dana

the Sabbath of the Jews. - Seventh-day Bap2. Permanently or deeply fixed; deep-rooted; | Setulose (set'û-lös), a. Bearing or provided tists, a religious sect holding generally the firmly seated; unchanging: steady; decided; with setules. Dana.

same doctrinal views as the Baptists, but as, a settled gloom or melancholy: a settled

Setwall (set'wal), n. A species of Valeriana differing from them in observing the seventh conviction. - 3. Arranged or adjusted by

(V. pyrenaica). Written also Setyoall. day of the week instead of the first as the agreement, payment, or otherwise; as, a

Seurement, n. Security in a legal sense. Sabbath. Called also Sabbatarians. settled bargain; a settled account -4. Quiet;

Chaucer.

Seventhly (sev'nth-li), adv. In the seventh orderly: methodical; as, he now leads a

Seuretee, t n. Surety in a legal sense ; se place. settled life. -Settled estate, in law, an estate

curity. Chaucer.

Seventieth (ser'n-ti-eth), a. 1. Next in order held by some tenant for life, under condi

Seven (sev'n), a. (A. Sax. seofon, seofan; after the sixty-ninth; as, the seventieth year tions more or less strict, defined by the deed.

common to the Indo-European tongues : of his age.-2. Constituting or being one of Settledness (set'ld-nes). 7. The state of

L. G. seven, D. zeven, 0. Sax. Goth. and seventy parts into which a whole may be being settled; confirmed state. Settledness

0.H.G. sibun, G. sieben, Icel. ejau, Dan. syv divided. of disposition.' Bp. Hall.

(these being contracted forms), W. saith, Ir. Seventieth (ser'n-ti-eth), n. 1. One next in Settlement (set'l-ment), n. 1. The act of

seacht, Rus. semj, L. septem, Gr. hepta (for order after the sixty-ninth; the tenth after settling, or state of being settled; as, spe

septa), Per. haft, Skr. sapta, saptan.) One the sixtieth-2. The quotient of a unit cifically, (a) establishment in life; fixture in

more than six or less than eight-Seven divided by seventy; one of seventy equal business, condition, or the like; ordination

stars, the Pleiades. See PLEIAD.-Seven parts. or installation as pastor.

wise men, or seven sages of Greece, a name Seventy (sev'n-ti), a. [A. Sax. seofontigEvery man living has a design in his head upon commonly applied to seven philosophers, seofon, seven, and tig, ten; but the Anglowealth, power, or sculement in the world.

Sir R. L'Estrange.

several of whom were legislators, at an early Saxon writers often prefixed hund, as hund@) The act of colonizing or peopling; coloni

period of Grecian history. They were Peri seofontig.] Seven times ten. zation; as, the settlement of a new country.

ander of Corinth, Pittacus of Mitylene, Seventy (ser'n-ti), n. 1. The number which

Thales of Miletus, Solon, Bias of Priene, is made up of seven times ten.--.2. A sym. The settlement of oriental colonies in Greece produced no sensible effect on the character either of

Chilo of Sparta, and Cleobulus of Lindus. --- bol representing this number, as 70 or 1xx. the language of the nation.

Seven wonders of the roorld. See WONDER. --The Seventy, a name given to the body of

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