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Tuckahoe (tuk'a-ho), n. (American Indian
word for bread.) A singular vegetable
found in the southern seaboard states of the
North American Union, growing under-
ground, like the European truffle. It is
also called Indian bread and Indian loaf.
It is referred to a genus Pachyma of spuri.
ous fungi, but in all probability it is a pecu-
liar condition of some root, though of what
plant has not been properly ascertained.
Tucker (tuk'er), n. 1. One who or that
which tucks.-2. An ornamental frilling of
lace or muslin round the top of a woman's
dress and descending to cover part of the
bosom.-3. A fuller. (Local.)
Tucket (tuk'et), n. (It. toccata, a prelude,
toccato, a touch, from toccare, to touch.
See TOUCH.) A flourish on a trumpet; a
fanfare. Shak.
Tuckett (tuk'et), n. (It. tocchetto, a ragout
of fish or flesh, from tocco, a bit, a morsel;
perhaps from root of touch.] A steak; a
collop.
Tucketsonance (tuk'et-sö-nans), n. The
sound of the tucket.

Let the trumpets sound
The trucketsonance and the note to mount. Shak.
Tuck-net (tuk'net), n. A small net used to
take out fish from a larger one.
Tuck-pointing (tuk'point-ing), n. Mark-
ing the joints of brickwork with a narrow
parallel ridge of fine white putty.
Tuck-shop (tuk'shop), n. A shop where
tuck, that is food, particularly sweet-stuffs,
pastry, &c., is sold. T. Hughes. [Slang.)
Tucum (tu'kum). n. [The name given by
the Indians of Brazil. j A species of palm
(Astrocaryum vulgare) of great importance
to the Brazilian Indians, who make cordage,
bowstrings, fishing-nets, &c., from the fine
durable fibre consisting of the epidermis of
its unexpanded leaves. Hammocks, hats,
fans, &c., are also fabricated of this thread.
Where not indigenous the tree is cultivated
with care. The name is also given to the
fibre or thread
Tucu-tucu (tu'ku-tu-ku), n. The Ctenomys
braziliensis, a small rodent animal, native
of South America. It is of nocturnal habits,
lives almost entirely underground, forming
extensive burrows near the surface, and is
about the size of the common water-rat, but
with fur like that of a squirrel. It receives
its name in imitation of the sound it utters.
Tudas (tū'das), n. pl. Same as Todas.
Tudor (tū'dor), a. (W. Tewdyr, Theodore.)
1. Of, pertaining, or relating to an English
royal line founded by Owen Tudor of Wales,
who married the widowed queen of Henry V.
The first of the Tudor sovereigns was Henry
VI., the last Elizabeth.-2. Of, pertaining,
or belonging to the Tudor style of architec-
ture; as, a Tudor window or arch. Tudor-
chimneyed bulk of mellow brickwork.' Ten-
nyson. -Tudor style, in arch, a name fre-
quently applied to the latest Gothic style
in England, being the last phase of the

the Italian style with the Gothic. It is of being in their company. The term took characterized by a tlat arch, shallow mould its rise at the English universities of Oxford ings, and a profusion of panelling on the and Cambridge, where the young noblemen walls.

wear a peculiarly formed cap with a tujt, Tudor - flower

(Slang) (tü'dor-flou-er).

At Eton a great deal of snobbishness was thrashed n. A trefoil or

out of Lord Buckram, and he was birched with pernament much

fect impartiality. Even there, however, a select used in Tudor

band of sucking tul-hunters followed him.

Thackeray. architecture. It

XXC

Tuft-hunting (tuft'hunt-ing), n. The pracis placed up

tice of a tuft-hunter. right on a stalk,

Tufty (tuf'ti), a. 1. Abounding with tufts. and is employed

Tudor-flower.

"The tufty frith and ... mossy fell.' Drayin long rows as a

ton.-2. Growing in tufts. •Tufty daisies.' crest or ornamental finishing on cornices, W. Browne. ridges, &c.

Tug (tug), v.t. pret. & pp. tugged; ppr, tugTuefal (tū'fal), n. [A corruption from to

ging. (A. Sax. teôhan, teón, to tug or pull; fall-to and fall.) A building with a slop

pret. pl. tugon, pp. togen; Icel. toga, tjuga, ing roof on one side only; a pent-house.

to draw; G. zug, a pull, from stem of ziehen, Written more properly To-fall.

to draw; Goth. tiuhan, to draw. Akin low, Tue-iron (tū'i-ern), n. 1. Same as Tuyère.

tuck, L. duco. See DUKE. 1. To pull or 2. pl. A pair of blacksmiths' tongs.

draw with great effort or with a violent Tuelt (tú'el), n. (Lit. a pipe. See TEWEL.] strain; to haul with great labour or force. The anus.

"There sweat, there strain, tug the laborious Tuesday (tūz'dā), n. (A. Sax. Tiwesdæg, that

oar' Roscommon.-2. To pull; to pluck. is, Tiw's day, the day of Tire, the Northern

To ease the pain,
Mars, or god of war. (See TIU.) So Icel. His tuge'd ears suffer'd with a strain. Huedibras.
týsdagr (8c. tiseday), tyrsdagr, Św. tisdag,
Dan. tirsdag. D. dingsdag, 6. dienstag.

3. To drag by means of a steam-tug; as, the Comp. Thursday = Thor's day.) The third

vessel had to be tugged into port. day of the week.

Tug (tug), v.i. 1. To pull with great effort; Tufa (tū'fa), n. (It. tufa, Fr. tuf, a kind of

as, to tug at the oar. porous stone, from L. tophus, tuff, tufa)

We have been tugging a great while against the In geol. a term originally applied to a light

stream.

Addison, porous rock composed of cemented scorixe 2. To labour: to strive: to struggle. As and ashes, but now to any porous vesicular one that graspt and tugged for life, and was compound. See TUFF.

by strength subdued. Shak.
Tufaceous (tů - fa'shus), a. Pertaining to Tug (tug), n. 1. A pull with the utmost
tufa; consisting of tufa or tuff, or resem effort.
bling it.

At the tug he falls-
Tuff (tuf), n. (See TUFA.] The name ori.

Vast ruins come along.

Dryden. ginally given to a kind of volcanic rock, con Hence—2. A supreme effort; the severest sisting of accumulations of scoria and ashes strain or struggle. about the crater of a volcano, which are When Greeks joined Greeks, then was the treg of agglutinated together so as to make a co war.

Lee. herent or solid mass. Sometimes tuff is 3. A sort of carriage, used in some parts of composed of volcanic ashes and sand, trans

England for conveying bavins or faggots ported and deposited by rain-water. The and other things. - 4 A tug-boat. – 5. A name is now applied to any porous vesicular

chain, strong rope, or leather strap used as compound; thus rounded fragments of green

a trace.-6. In mining, an iron hoop to stone, basalt, and other trap rocks, cemented which a tackle is affixed. - To hold tug, t to into a solid mass, are termed trap -tuff, stand severe handling or hard work. - To while a vesicular carbonate of lime, gener hold one tug.t to keep one busily employed; ally deposited near the sources and along

to keep one in work. the courses of calcareous springs, incrusting

This was work enough for a curious and critical and incorporating twigs, moss, shells, and

antiquary that would hold him tugg for a whole other objects that lie in its way, is called

yeare.

Life of A. Wood. calc-tuj Tuffoon (tuf-fön), n. A corruption of Ty

Tug-boat (tug'bot). n. A strongly built

steam-boat, used for dragging sailing and phoon. [Rare.]

other vessels. Such a boat is also someTufftaffaty,t n. Same as Tuf-taffeta.

times called a Steam-tug. Tuft (tuft), n. (Formerly tuffe, from Fr.

Tugger (tug'ér), n. One who tugs or pulls touffe, a tuft, a thicket or clump of trees,

with great effort. with addition of a t (comp. graft and grai);

Tuggingly (tug'ing-li), adv. With laborious from the Teutonic: G. zopf, Icel. toppr, a tuft of hair = E. top. See TOP.) 1. A collec

pulling

Tug-iron (tug'i-ern), n. The iron on the tion of small flexible or soft things in a knot

shaft of a wagon, to which the traces are or bunch; as, a tuft of flowers; a tuft

attached, (United States.) of feathers; a tuft of grass or hair.

Tuille, Tuillette (twil, twil-et'), n. (Fr. Edged round with moss and tufts of

tuile, from L tegula, a tile.) In milit. antiq. matted grass.' Dryden.-2. A cluster; a

one of the guard plates appended to the clump; as, a tuft of trees; a tuft of

tasses, to which they were frequently fasolives.

tened by straps. They hung down and Behind the must of pines I met them. Shak. covered the upper part of the thigh, and 3. In bot, a head of flowers, each ele were first introduced during the reign of vated on a partial stock, and all forming

Henry V. together a dense roundish mass. The

Tuilyie, Tuilzie (tül'ye), n. (See TOOLYE.) word is sometimes applied to other col

A broil; a quarrel; a skirmish. (Scotch.) lections, as little bundles of leaves, hairs, He said that Callum Beg ... and your honour and the like.-4. In English universities. were killed that same night in the trilyie. a young nobleman entered a student at

Str W. Scott. a university : so called from the tuft on

Tuition (tū-i'shon), n. (L. tuitio, tuitionis, the cap worn by him. 'Several young

guardianship, from tueor, tuitus, to see, to tufis, and others of the faster men.' T.

look to.) 1.Guardianship; superintending Hughes. (Slang.)

care or keeping generally. Tuft (tuft), v.t. 1. To separate into tufts.

Afterwards turning his speech to his wife and his 2. To adorn with or as with tufts or a

son, he commended them both with his kingdom to the tuition of the Venetians.

Anelles, tuft. To make old bareness picturesque

2. The particular watch and care of a tutor And tuft with grass a feudal tower. Tennyson. or guardian over his pupil or ward.-3. InTuftt (tuft), v.i. To grow in tufts; to

struction; the act or business of teaching form a tuft or tufts. Holland.

the various branches of learning. Tuf-taffeta, + Tuftaffatyt (tuf-taf'fe-ta, Whatever classical instruction Sir Joshua received tuf-taf'fa-ti), n. A shaggy, long piled, or

was under the treation of his father, Aalone. villous kind of silk fabric. Donne, Tuitionary (tū-i'shon-a-ri), a. Pertaining Tufted (tuft'ed), p. and a. 1. Adorned to tuition.

with a tuft or tufts; as, the tufted duck Tula (to'la), n. (Hind.) A native cooking-place 2. Growing in tufts or clusters. Tufted in India. A plain ... charred by camptrees and springing corn.' Pope.

fires, and ragged with tulas or native cookTuft-hunter (tuft hunt-ér), n. One who ing-places.' Russell. covets the society of titled persons; one who Tula-metal (to'la-met-al), n. (From Tula, is willing to submit to the insolence of the the Russian town where it is extensively great for the sake of the supposed honour | made.] An alloy of silver, with small pro

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TULCHAN

455

TUMOUR

portions of lead and copper, forming the wood is light, compact, and fine-grained, 2. A large drinking glass of a cylindrical base of the celebrated Russian snuff-boxes and is employed for various useful purposes, form, or of the form of the frustum of an popularly called platinum boxes.

such as the interior work of houses, coach inverted cone: so called because formerly, Tulchan, Tulchin (tuléh'an, tulch'in), n. 1 panels, door-panels, wainscots, mouldings from its base ending in a point, it could not [Comp. Sc. tulchan, tulchet, an ill made up of chimney-pieces, bedsteads, trunks, &c. be set down till completely empty of liquor; bundle: Gael. and Ir. tulach, a heap.) A The Indians of the Middle and Western also, the contents of such a glass. calf's skin stuffed with straw, and set beside States prefer this tree for their canoes. The The room was fragrant with the smell of punch, a a cow, to make her give her milk: used for bark, especially of the roots, has an aro tumbler of which grateful compound stood upon a merly in Scotland, - Tulchan bishops, a matic smell and bitter taste, and has been small round table.

Dickens. name derisively applied to the persons ap used in medicine as a tonic and febrifuge. 3. A variety of the domestic pigeon, so called pointed as titular bishops to the Scottish In this country the tulip-tree is cultivated from his practice of tumbling or turning sees immediately after the Reformation, in as an ornamental tree. See LIRIODENDRON. over in flight. It is a short-bodied pigeon, whose names the revenues of the sees were Tulip-wood (tū'lip-wyd), n. See PHYSOCA of a plain colour, black, blue, or white.-drawn by the lay barons who had impro- | LYMMA.

| 4. A sort of dog, so called from his practice priated them. (Scotch.)

Tulle (tul), n. A kind of thin, open net, silk of tumbling before he attacks his prey. This Tule (tola), n. (Sp.) A large club-rush or | fabric, originally manufactured at Tulle in

kind of dog was formerly employed for sedge, Scirpus validus,nat, order Cyperacea, | France, in narrow strips, and much used in catching rabbits.-5. A sort of spring-latch which grows to a great height, and covers | female head-dresses, collars, &c.

in a lock which detains the bolt so as to large tracts of marshy land in some parts of Tulle, Tull, + v.t. (See TOLE.) To allure; to prevent its motion, until a key lifts it and California. entice. Chaucer.

sets the bolt at liberty.-6. A tumbrel. Sir Tulip (tù'lip), n. [Fr. tulipe, from Sp. tulipa, Tullian (tul’li-an), a. (From Marcus Tullius W. Scott. -- 7. One of the religious sect tulipan, It. tulipano, a tulip. from Turk. Cicero, the great Roman orator.) Of, per known as Tunkers (which see) tolipend, a name given to the flower on ac |taining to, or resembling Tully or Cicero; Tumblerful (tum'bler-ful), n. A quantity count of its resemblance to a turban. See Ciceronian.

sufficient to fill a tumbler; as much as a TURBAN.) A genus of plants (Tulipa), nat. Tulwar (tul'war), n. (Hind.) The East In tumbler can contain. order Liliaceæ. The species are herbaceous dian sabre.

Tumbling-bay (tum'bling-ba), n. An overplants, developed from a bulb, inhabiting The wounds, many of them very serious and severe, fall or weir in a canal. the warmer parts of Europe and Asia Minor, were inflicted by the sabre or native lulmar

Tumbling - net (tum'bling-net), n. See and are much cultivated for the beauty of

W. H. Russell

TRAMMEL-NET. the flowers. About forty species have been Tumbeki (tum'bek-i), n. See TOUMBEKI.

Tumbrel, Tumbril (tum'brel, tum'bril), n. described, of which the most noted is the Tumble (tum'bl), v.i. (Directly from the

(0.Fr. tomberel, Fr, tombereau, a dung-cart, common garden tulip (T. gesneriana), a na. Scandinavian : Dan. tumle, Sw. tumla, to

from tomber, to fall, from the body of the tive of the Levant, and introduced into tumble, to toss, to reel, freq. forms allied

cart being capable of being turned up and England about 1577. Upwards of 1000 va

to A. Sax. tumbian, to dance, which gives rieties of this plant have been enumerated,

the contents tumbled out without unyokrise to meaning 3; allied also to D. tuimelen,

ing. See TUMBLE.) 1. A ducking stool forand these varieties have been divided into to tumble, G. taumeln, to reel, to stagger.

merly used for the punishment of scolding four families, viz. bizarres (characterized by The word has passed from the Germanic

women. See DUCKING-STOOL.-2. A dunga yellow ground marked with purple or into the Romance languages, hence Fr. tom

cart; a sort of low carriage with two wheels scarlet), byblcemens (a white ground varieber, to fall. See TUMBREL.] 1. To roll about

occasionally used by farmers for the most gated with violet or purple of various by turning one way and the other; to toss;

ordinary purposes. shades), roses (a white ground, marked with to roll; to pitch about; as, a person in pain

My corps is in a trembril laid, among rose, scarlet, or crimson), and self: (a white tumbles and tosses; waves tumble. "Hedge

The filth and ordure, and inclosed with dung. or yellow ground without any marks). hogs which lie tumbling in my barefoot way.'

Dryden. Several other species are cultivated. The Shak.-2. To lose footing or support and fall

3. A covered cart or carriage with two wild tulip (T. sylvestris) is a doubtful native to the ground; to come down suddenly and

wheels, which accompanies troops or artil. of Britain, and grows in chalk pits and violently; to be precipitated; as, to tumble

lery, for conveying the tools of pioneers, quarries. It has yellow flowers, and blooms from a scaffold. To stand or walk, to rise

cartridges, and the like.-4. A sort of cirin April and May. The sweet-scented tulip or tumble.' Prior.

cular cage or crib, made of osiers or twigs, or Van Thol tulip (T. suaveolens), although

And here had fallin a great part of a tower

used in some parts of England for feeding far inferior as a flower to the common or gar

Whole, like a crag that tumbles from the cliff.

Tennyson.

sheep in the winter. den tulip, is much prized for its fragrance, 3. To play mountebank tricks, by various

Tumefaction (tű-mé-fak'shon), n. (L. tu. and for appearing more early in the season. librations, movements, and contortions of

mefacio, to make tumid. See TUMID.] The It is much grown in pots in windows. the body. - To tumble in, to tumble home,

act or process of swelling or rising into a Tulipist (tulip-ist), n. A cultivator of tulips. said of a ship's sides when they incline in

tumour; a tumour; a swelling. "TumefacTulipomania (tūlip-o-ma"ni-a), n. [Tulip, above the extreme breadth.-To tumble to,

tions in the whole body or parts.' Arbuthand L. mania, madness. Beckman says the

not. to understand; to comprehend. (Slang. ) word was coined by Menage.) A violent

Tumefy (tū'mē-fī), v.t. pret. & pp. tumefied; passion for the cultivation or acquisition of

To other ears than mine the closing remark would have appeared impertinent; but I tumbled to it

ppr. tumefying. [Fr. tuméfier, from L. tutulips. This species of mania began to ex

immediately.

Mayhew.

mefacio - tumeo, to swell, and facio, to hibit itself in Holland about the year 1634,

make.) To swell or cause to swell or be when it seemed to seize on all classes like Tumble (tum'bl), v.t. pret, & pp. tumbled;

tumid. “To swell, tumefy, stiffen, not the an epidemic, leading to disasters such as ppr. tumbling. 1. To turn over; to turn or

diction only, but the tenor of the thought.' result from great financial catastrophes. throw about for examination or searching :

De Quincey. Tulip-marts were established in Amsterdam,

often with over; as, to tumble over books or Tumefy (tūmė-fī), v.i. To swell; to rise in Rotterdam, Haarlem, Leyden, and other papers; to tumble over clothes. "Tumbling

a tumour. towns, where roots were sold and resold as it over and over in his thoughts.' Bacon.

Tumescence (tū-mes'ens), n. The state of stocks on the exchange. A single root of They tumble all their little quivers o'er

growing tumid; tumefaction. Semper Augustus was thought cheap at 5500

To choose propitious shafts.

Tumid (tü'mid), a. (L, tumidus, from tumeo, florins, and on one occasion 12 acres of build 2 To disturb: to disorder: to rumple: as. to swell, from root tu, producing also tumuing lots was offered for a single root of this to tumble a bed.-3. To throw by chance or lus, tumultus, tumor, tuber, &c., whence E. species at Haarlem. The mania raged for violence.

tumult, tumour, &c. Akin tomb.) 1. Being several years till the government found it

I learnt more from her in a flash swelled, enlarged, or distended; as, a tumid necessary to interfere. Dutch floriculturists Than if my brainpan were an empty hull,

leg: tumid flesh. -2. Protuberant; rising still hold the tulip in especial esteem.

And every Muse tuembled a science in. Tennyson.

above the level. So high as heaved the Tulipomaniac (tứlip-o-ma"ni-ak), n. One 4. To throw down; to overturn or overthrow; tumid hills.' Milton.-3. Swelling in sound who is affected with tulipomania.

to cast to the ground; to precipitate. To or sense; pompous; puffy: bombastic: falsely Tulip-tree (tūlip-trē), n. An American tree tumble down thy husband and thyself.' sublime; as, a tumid expression; a tumid bearing flowers resembling the tulip, the Shak.

style. Liriodendron tulipifera, nat order Mag

King Lycurgus, while he fought in vain

Shall gentle Coleridge pass unnoticed here, noliaceæ. It is one of the most magnificent

His friend to free, was tumbled on the plain.

To turgid ode and tumid stanza dear? Byron.

Dryden.
-To tumble in, in carp. to fit, as a piece of

Tumidity (tû-mid'i-ti), n. The state or quatimber, into other work.

lity of being tumid; a swelled state. Tumble (tum'bl), n. A fall; a rolling over. Tumidly (tū'mid-li), adv. In a tumid man

ner or form. A country fellow got an unlucky tumble from a tree.

Sir R. L'Estrange.

Tumidness (tü'mid-pes), n. A swelling or Tumble-bug, Tumble-dung (tum'bl-bug,

swelled state; tumidity. tum'bl-dung), n. A species of dung-beetle,

Tummals (tum'alz), n. (Probably a corrupthe Coprobius rolcene, common in the t'nited

tion of L. tumulus, a mound, a heap.] In States, which rolls about balls of dung con.

mining, a heap, as of waste.
taining its eggs.

Tumor (tü'mor), n. See TUMOUR.
Tumble-down (tum'bl-doun), a. In a fall.

Tumoroust (tü'mor-us). a. 1. Swelling: ing state; ruinous. 'Slovenly tumble-down

protuberant. Sir H. Wotton. 2. Vainly pomcottages of villanous aspect.' Lord Lytton.

pous; bombastic, as language or style; fusColloq)

tian; falsely magnificent. Tumble-home (tum'bl-hôm), n. Naut. the

According to their subject, these styles vary: for

that which is high and lofty, declaring excellent part of a ship which falls in ward above the Flower of Tulip-tree (Liriodendron tulipifera).

matter, becomes vast and tumorous, speaking of extreme breadth.

petty and inferior things.

B. 09.son. Tumbler (tumbler), n. 1. One who tumbles: of the forest trees in the temperate parts of one who plays the tricks of a mountebank,

Tumour (tű'mor), n. [L. tumor, from tumeo. North America. Throughout the States it such as turning summersaults, walking on

to swell. See TUMID.) 1. In surg. in its is generally known by the name of poplar, the hands, and the like.

widest sense, a morbid enlargement or white wood, or canoe-wood. It attains a

swelling of any part of the body or of any

What incredible and astonishing actions do we find height of from 80 to 140 feet, the trunk rope-dancers and tremblers bring their bodies to.

kind; more strictly, however, it implies a being from 3 to 8 or 9 feet in diameter. The

Locke. permanent swelling occasioned by a new

mng for appearind prized for its framor gar

Prior.

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growth, and not a mere enlargement of a They who attended them without, tumulting at Tunableness (tün'a-bl-nes), n. The state natural part, which is called hypertrophy. the death of their masters, were beaten back

or quality of being tunable; harmony;

Milton.
Tumours may be divided into three well-
Tumultert (tü'mult-ér), n. One who raises

melodiousness. The tunableness and chimdefined classes: (a) simple, solid, benign, or or takes part in a tumult.

ing of verse.' Swift. innocent tumours, the substance of which

Tunably (tūn'a-bli), adv. In a tunable

Afterwards he severely punished the tumulters. has anatomical resemblance to some tissues

Milton.

manner; harmoniously; musically. *Nor of the body; they gradually increase in size, Tumultuarily (tū-mul'tū-a-ri-li), adv. In

sing tunably.' Skelton and generally only produce inconvenience a tumultuary or disorderly manner. Abp.

Tun-bellied (tun'bel-lid), a. Having a large from the great bulk they sometimes attain; Sandys.

protuberant belly; resembling a tun in apa complete cure may be effected by simple Tumultuariness (tū-mul'tů-a-ri-nes). n.

pearance. excision. (6) Malignant or cancerous tuDisorderly or tumultuous conduct; turbu

Tun-belly (tun'bel-li), n. A large protuber. mours, which bear no resemblance in sublence; disposition to tumult.

ant belly, having the appearance of a tun. stance to normal tissue; they are exceed

The tumultuariness of the people, or the factious

A double chin and a tun-belly.' Tom ingly liable to ulceration, they invade all ness of presbyters, gave occasion to invent new

Brown. the textures of the part in which they occur, models.

Eikon Basılike. Tun-dish (tun'dish), n. A funnel. Fillaffecting the mass of the blood, and termi. Tumultuary (tű-multū-a-ri), a. (Fr. tu.

ing a bottle with a tun-dish.' Shak. nate fatally; when excised they are apt to multuaire, L. tumultuarius, from L. tu

Tundra (tun'dra), n. A term applied to the recur in remote parts of the body. (c) Semi

multus. See TUMULT.) 1. Disorderly; pro immense stretches of flat, boggy country, malignant tumours, which closely resemble miscuous; confused; as, a tumultuary con

extending through the northern part of in structure the part in which they are flict. 'A tumultuary attack of the Celtic

Siberia and part of Russia, where vegetation seated; they may rocur after excision, or peasants.' Macaulay.

takes an arctic character. They are frozen may gradually spread to all the neighbour

Then, according to circumstances, came sudden

the greater part of the year. ing tissues, and ultimately cause death by flight or tumultuary skirmish. De Quincey.

Tune (tún), n. (A form of tone. See TONE.] ulceration; but they do not affect the lym2. Restless; agitated; unquiet.

1. A sound; a tone. Nor are my ears with phatic system nor reappear in remote parts

thy tongue's tune delighted.' Shak.-2. A of the body after excision. Innocent tu

Men who live without religion, live always in a

rhythmical, melodious succession or series tumultuary and restless state. Atterbury. mours are often named from the tissues in

of musical tones produced by one voice or which they occur, as adipose or fatty tuTumultuatet (tū-mul'tū-át), v. IL. tumul

instrument, or by several voices or instrumours, fibrous tumours, cartilaginous tu. tuor, tumultuatus, from tumultus. See

ments in unison; an air; a melody. The mours, bony tumours, and the like. Or the TUMULT.) To make a tumult.

term, however, is sometimes used to include malignant class cancer is a well-known ex Like an opposed torrent, it tumultuates, grows both the air and the combined parts (as ample. See CANCER. -2. A swell or rise, as

higher and higher.

South.

alto, tenor, bass) with which it is harmonof water. (Rare.)

Tumultuation (tū-multū-å"shon), n. (L. ized. One tumour drownd another, billows strove

tumultuatio. See TUMULTUATE.] Commo Tunes and airs have in themselves some affinity To outsweil ambition, water air outdrove.

tion; irregular or disorderly movement; as, with the affections; as merry tunes, doleful tunes, B. Fouson. the tumultuation of the parts of a fluid.

solemn tunes.

Bacon. 3. Affected pomp: bombast in language; Tumultuous (tů-mul'tū-us), a. (Fr. tumul

3. Correct intouation in singing or play. swelling words or expressions; false magnifi. tueux, L. tumultuosus, from tumultus. See ing; the condition or quality of producing cence or sublimity. (Rare.)

TUMULT.) 1. Full of tumult, disorder, or or being able to produce tones in unison, Better, however, to be a flippant, than, by a revolt. confusion; conducted with tumult; disor harmony, or due relation with others; the ing form of tumour and perplexity, to lead men into

derly; as, a tumultuous conflict or retreat. normal adjustment of the parts of a musical babits of intellect such as result from the nodern vice of English style.

instrument so as to produce its tones in 2. Conducted with or characterized by upDe Quincy.

roar, noise, confusion, or the like; as, a tu correct key-relationship, or in harmony or Tumoured (tū'mord), a. Distended; swelled.

multuous assembly.-3. Agitated; disturbed, concert with other instruments. Like sweet Junius. (Rare.] as by passion or the like.

bells jangled, out of tune and harsh.' Shak. Tump (tump), n. (W. tromp, a round mass.

His dire attempt, which nigh the birth,

Strange! that a harp of thousand strings a hillock. Akin L. tumulus, a heap, E. Now rolling boils in his tremultuous breast.

Should keep in tuine so long.

Watts. tomb. See TUMID] A little hillock.

Milton. 4. Turbulent; violent.

4. Frame of mind; mood; temper, especially Every bush and tump and hillock quite knows how to look George Eliot.

temper for the time being; as, not to be in Furiously running in upon him, with tumultuous

the proper tune; his tune was now changed: Tump (tump), v.t. In hort. to form a mass speech heraught from his head his rich cap of sables.

Knolles.

hence, to be in tune, to be in the right disof earth or a hillock round, as round a

SYN. Noisy. confused. turbulent: violent. position, fit temper or humour. plant; as, to tump teasel. agitated, disturbed, boisterous, riotous, dis

The poor distressed Lear's i' the town Tump (tump), v.t. (Probably Indian.) To orderly, irregular.

Who sometime, in his better tune, remembers draw a deer or other animal home after it Tumultuously (tū-mul'tû-us-li), adv. In a What we are come about.

Shak. has been killed. (United States.)

tumultuous manner; with turbulence; by a A child will learn three times as fast when he is in Tump-line (tump'lin), n. A strap placed disorderly multitude. Tennyson.

trene, as he will when he is dragged to his task. across the forehead to assist a man carrying

Locke. Tumultuousness (tü-mul'tů-us-nes), n. The a pack on his back. (United States.)

5. In phren, one of the perceptive faculties. state of being tumultuous; disorder; comTum-tum (tum'tum). n. A favourite dish in

Its organ is situated above the external motion. the West Indies, made by beating the boiled

apgle of the orbit of the eye, as high as thie plantain quite soft in a wooden mortar. It

Keep down this boiling and tumultuousness of the middle of the forehead on each side of the

Hammond. is eaten like a potato-pudding, or made into

temporal ridge. This faculty gives the perround cakes and fried.

Tumulus (tū'mű-lus), n. pl. Tumult (tū”. ception of melody or harmony. See PHREXTumular (tū'mū-lér), a. Same as Tumulary.

mū-li). (L, a hillock, from tumeo, to swell. OLOGY. To the tune of, to the sum or Pinkerton.

See TUMID.) A barrow, or artificial burial amount of. (Colloq.) Tumulary (tū'mū-la-ri), a. (L. tumulus, a mound of earth. See BARROW.

We had been robbed to the tune of about four hun. head. See TUMID.) Consisting in a heap: Tun (tun). n. (A. Sax. tunne, a large vessel, dred pounds.

Varryat, formed or being in a heap or hillock. The Ia butt; Icel. Sw. and 0.H.G. tunna, L.G.

Tune (tūn), v.t. pret. & pp. tuned; ppr. tunsea ... bounded by red tumulary cliffs.' tunne, D. ton, G. tonne-cask, tun. The

ing. 1. To put into a state adapted to produce W. H. Russell word seems to have passed from the Teu

the proper sounds; to cause to be in tune; Tumulate (tū'mū-lát), v.t. (L. tumulo,

tonic into the Romance and Celtic tongues:
Fr. tonne (with the derivative forms ton-

as, to tune a piano; to tune a violin. tumulatum, to cover with a mound, to bury, neau, Sp. and Pg. tonel), Ir. and Gael, tunna,

Tune your harps, from tumulus, a mound. See TUMID.] To

Ye angels, to that sound! tonna, W. tynell. The German forms themcover with a mound; to bury.

Dryden. Tumulate (tū’mu-lāt), v.i. To swell.

selves are probably foreign, and L. tina, a 2. To sing with melody or harmony.

wine-vessel, has been suggested as the oriHis heart begins to rise, and his passions to tumu.

Fountains, and ye that warble as ye flow gin of all, but with no great probability. Melodious murmurs, warbling, tunc his praise. late and ferment into a storm. Ton is the same word. Tunnel is a deriva

Milton. Tumulosity (tū-mû-los'i-ti), n. The state of tive.] 1. A name originally applied to all

3. To give a special tone or character to; being tumulous. Bailey. (Rare) large casks or similar vessels for containing

to attune. Tumulous. Tumulose (tu'ma-lus, tü'mü. liquids or the like. Hence--2. A certain For now to sorrow I must tune my song. Milton,

los), a. (L. tumulosus, from tumulus, a measure or quantity such as would be conmound.1 Full of mounds or hills. Bailey.

4. To put into a state proper for any purtained in this vessel, as the old English tun

pose, or adapted to produce a particular (Rare.)

of wine, which contained 4 hogsheads, or Tumult (tū'mult), n. (L. tumultus, from

effect. 252 gallons. but in Britain all higher mea. tumeo, to swell. See TUMID.) 1. The

Especially he hath incurred the everlasting dis. sures than the gallon are no longer legal.

pleasure of the king, who had even tuned his lounty commotion, disturbance, or agitation of a 3. The ton weight of 2240 lbs. As the liquid

to sing happiness to him.

Shak. multitude, usually accompanied with great tun would weigh a little over 2000 lbs, it is noise, uproar, and confusion of voices; an

Tune (tün), v. i. 1. To form melodious or ac. probable the weight was taken from the uproar.

cordant sounds. measure of capacity.-4. A certain quantity What meaneth the noise of this tumulti of timber, consisting of 40 solid feet if round,

Whilst tuning to the water's fall,

The small birds sang to her. Drayton. 1 Sam. iv. 14. or 54 feet if square. --5. Proverbially, a large With ireful taunts each other they oppose,

quantity. Till in loud tumult all the Greeks arose.

2. To utter inarticulate musical sounds with Drawn tune of blood out of thy Pore.

country's breast.' Shak. --6. A molluscous the voice; to sing without using words; to 2. Violent commotion or agitation, with shell, belonging to the various species of the hum a tune. (Rare.) confusion of sounds; as, the tumult of the genus Dolium.

Tuneful (tún'ful), a. Harmonious; meloelements. Addison. - 3. Agitation; high Tun (ton), v. t. pret. & pp. tunned; ppr. tun

dious: musical; as, tuneful notes; tuneful excitement; irregular or confused motion; ning. To put into casks.

birds. His tuneful tongue.' Pope. as, the tumult of the spirits or passions.

The same juice tunned up, arms itself with tartar. | Tuneruny, (tun

ar | Tunefully (tùn'ful-li), adv. In a tuneful Sex. C'proar, ferment, disturbance, turbu.

Boyle. manner; harmoniously : musically. The lence, disorder, confusion, noise, bluster, Tunable (tūn'a-bl), a. 1. Capable of being praises of God, lunefully performed.' Alhubbub, bustle, stir, brawl, riot.

put in tune, or made harmonious.--2. Har terbury. Tumultt (tūʻmult), v.i. To make a tumult monious; musical: tuneful. And tunable | Tunefulness (tùn'fyl-nes), n. The state or to be in great commotion. as sylvan pipe or song.' Milton.

quality of being tuneful.

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Tuneless (tûn'les), a. 1. Unmusical; un. | provided with two orifices, the one branharmonious.

chial, and the other anal, and covering beHow often have I led thy sportive choir,

neath it a second tunic, which adheres to the With tuneless pipe, beside the murmuring Loire ! outer one at the orifices; the ascidians.

Goldsmith. These animals are popularly named sea 2. Not employed in making music; as, a squirts, and are found either solitary or in tuneless harp. Spenser.-3. Not expressed groups, fixed or floating, and sometimes rhythmically or musically ; unexpressed; joined together in a common mass. See As. silent; without voice or utterance.

CIDIA.
On thy voiceless shore

Tunicate, Tunicated (tū'ni-kāt, tū'ni-kåt-
The heroic lay is tuneless now-

ed), a. 1. In bot. covered with a tunic or The heroic bosom beats no more! Byron. membranes; coated. -A tunicated bulb, one Tuner (tūn'er), n. One who tunes; specifi. composed of numerous concentric coats, as cally, one whose occupation is to tune musi

an onion.-2. Enveloped in a tunic or mantle; cal instruments.

belonging to the Tunicata; as, the tunicate Tung-oil (tung'oil), n. A valuable wood oil, molluscs. expressed in China from the seeds of Elæo

Tunicle (tū’ni-kl), n. (Dim, of tunic.] 1. A cocca oleifera, which is much used for paint small and delicate natural covering; a fine ing boats, furniture, &c.

integument. The tunicles that make the Tungstate (tung'stát), n. A salt of tung

ball or apple of the eye.' Holland.-2. Eccles. stic acid; as, tungstate of lime.

same as Tunic, 2. When used in the plural Tungsten (tung'sten), n. (Sw. and Dan.

it signifies the vestments, including dalmatic tung, heavy, and sten, stone, heavy stone,

and tunic, worn by the deacon when read. or ponderous ore, so named from the den.

ing the epistle. sity of its ores.] 1. At. wt. 184. Sym. W. Tuning (tūn'ing), n. The art or operation of A metal discovered by D'Elhuyart in 1781.

adjusting a musical instrument so that the It has a grayish white colour, and consider

varions sounds may be all at due intervals, able lustre. It is brittle, nearly as hard

and the scale of the instrument brought as steel, and less fusible than manganese.

into as correct a state as possible. For the Its specific gravity varies from 17.5 to 18 5.

tuning of fixed-toned instruments see TEMWhen heated to redness in the open air it

PERAMENT. takes fire, and is converted into tungstic

Tuning-fork (tūn'ing-fork), n. A steel inoxide (W0,), and it undergoes the same

strument with two prongs, designed when change by the action of hydrochloric acid. set in vibration to give a musical sound of a Digested with a concentrated solution of

certain fixed pitch. The ordinary tuningpure potash, it is dissolved with disengage

fork sounds only one note- usually the midment of hydrogen gas, and tungstate of

dle or tenor C in this country, and A in potash is generated. The ores of this metal Germany: but some are made with a slider are the native tungstate of lime, and the on each prong, which, according as it is tungstate of iron and manganese, which

moved up or down, regulates the pitch of latter is also known by the name of wolf.

the note produced. ram, and the same name is also given to Tuning-hammer (tūn'ing-ham-mér), n. An the metal. Tungsten may be procured in

instrument used by pianoforte tuners; it has the metallic state by exposing tungstic

two heads on the handle and so resembles oxide to the action of charcoal or dry hydro

a hammer. gen gas at a red heat, but an exceedingly

Tuning - key (tūn'ing-kē), n. A kind of intense heat is required for fusing the metal. wrench used for imparting the proper ten2. An obsolete name for the native tungstate

sion to the strings of pianofortes, &c. of lime.

Tunisian (tū-nis'i-an), n. A native or inTungstenic (tung-sten'ik), a. Pertaining habitant of Tunis. to or procured from tungsten; tungstic.

Tunisian (tū-nis'i-an), a. Of or pertaining Tungstic (tung'stik), a. Of or pertaining to

to Tunis or its inhabitants. or obtained from tungsten; as, tungstic acid,

Tunker (tung'ker), n. [G. tunken, to dip. 1 an acid obtained by precipitating a solution One of a religious sect in America which of tungstic oxide in an alkali by addition of

was founded by Conrad Peysel, a German, acid. It has the composition H,W04; it is

in 1724, and which takes its name from the dibasic.

mode of baptizing converts by plunging Tungusic (tun-gys'ik), a. A term applied

them three times into the water. They reto a group of Turanian tongues spoken by

ject infant baptism; use great plainness of tribes in the north-east of Asia. The most

dress and language; refuse to take oaths or prominent dialect is the Manchu, spoken by

to fight; and anoint the sick with oil in the tribes who conquered China in 1644. order to their recovery, depending upon Tunhoof (tun'höf), n. Ground-ivy, alehoof. this unction and prayer, and rejecting the Tunic (tū'nik), n. (L. tunica, a tunic, from use of medicine. Every brother is allowed the root tan, to stretch, whence also E. thin to speak in the congregation, and their best (which see). ] 1. A very ancient form of gar speaker is usually ordained to be their ment in constant use among the Greeks (see

preacher. Also called Dipper, Dunker, and CHITON), and ultimately adopted by the

Tumbler. Romans. Among the Romans the tunic was Tunnage (tun'āj). See TONNAGE. an under garment worn by both sexes (under Tunnel (tun'el), n. (In sense 1 probably di. the toga and the palla), and was fastened

rectly from tun, from being used to fill tuns by a girdle or belt about the waist. The tunic

or casks; comp. tun-dish. In sense 3 from was at first worn without sleeves. The sena.

Fr. tonnelle, a round-topped arbour, an alley tors had a broad stripe of purple (called

with arched top, from tonne, a cask, also an latus clavus) sewed on the breast of their

arbour, from its form and structure. (See tunic, and the equites had a narrow stripe

TUN.) Sense 2 may be from sense 1, comp. (called angustus clavus) on the breast. funnel.) 1. A vessel with a wide opening Hence the terms laticlarii and angusti

at one end and a narrow one at the other, clavii applied to persons of these orders. by which liquids are poured into casks, 2. A somewhat similar garment formerly

bottles, and the like; a funnel. worn in this country and elsewhere; at the For the help of the hearing, make an instruinent present day a loose garment worn by women like a tunnel, the narrow part of the bigness of the and boys drawn in at the waist and reaching

hole of the ear, and the broader end much larger.

Bacon. not far below it.-3. In eccles. a dress worn

2. The opening of a chimney for the passage by the subdeacon, made originally of linen, reaching to the feet, and then of an inferior

of smoke; a funnel. silk, and narrower than the dalmatic of the

And one great chimney, whose long tunnel thence deacon, with shorter and tighter sleeves.

The smoak forth threw.

Spenser. See DALMATICA.-4. A military surcoat; the 3. In engin. a subterranean passage cut garment worn by a knight over his armour. through a hill, a rock, or any eminence, or 5. In anat, a membrane that covers or com under a river, a town, &c., to carry a canal, a poses some part or organ; as, the tunice or road, or a railway in an advantageous course. coats of the eye; the tunics of the stomach, | In the construction of canals and railways &c.-6. A natural covering; an integument; tunnels are frequently had recourse to in as, (a) in zool. one of the layers which form order to preserve the desired level, and for the covering of a tunicary. See TUNICATA. various other local causes. Tunnels when (6) In bot, any loose membranous skin not not pierced through solid rock have usually formed from epidermis; the skin of a seed; an arched roof and are lined with brickwork also, the peridium of certain fungals.

or masonry. The sectional form of the pasTunicary (tū'ni-ka-ri), n. One of the sage is various. The cuts show two sections Tunicata (which see).

of the St. Gothard tunnel, which connects Tunicata (tū-ni-kä'ta), n. pl. An order of the railway systems of Switzerland and Germolluscoida or lower mollusca, which are many with that of Italy, and has the great enveloped in a coriaceous tunic or mantle, length of fully 94 miles. The one section

driven across the measures,or at right angles
to the veins which its object is to reach; and
thus distinguished from the drift or gang-
way which is led along the vein when
reached by the tunnel. Goodrich. - 5. A
tunnel-net (which see).
Tunnel (tun'el), v. t. pret. & pp. tunnelled;
ppr. tunnelling. 1. To form or cut a tunnel
through or under; as, to tunnel the English
Channel.-2. To form like a tunnel; to hol.
low out in length.

Some foreign birds not only plat and weave the fibrous parts of vegetables together, and curiously tunnel them and commodiously form them into nests, but also artificially suspend them on the tender twigs of trees.

Derham. 3. To catch in a net called a tunnel-net. Tunnel-head (tun'el-hed), n. The cylindrical chimney or mouth of a blast-furnace. Tunnel-net (tun'el-net), n. A net with a wide mouth at one end and narrow at the other. Tunnel-pit. Tunnel-shaft (tun'el-pit, tun'. el-shaft), n. A shaft sunk from the top of the ground to meet a tunnel at a point between its ends. Tunny (tun'i), n. (It. tonno; Fr. thon; L. thynnus, from Gr. thynnos, a tunny, from thyno, to dart along. The English form may be directly from the Italian, modified to give it an English look.) A fish of the genus Thynnus and family Scomberidæ, the T. vulgaris, closely allied to the mackerel.

Tunny (Thymus vulgaris).

These fish live in shoals in almost all the seas of the warmer and temperate parts of the earth. They are taken in immense quanti. ties on the Mediterranean coasts, where the fishing is chiefly carried on. The flesh, which somewhat resembles veal, is delicate, and has been in request from time imme. morial. The common tunny attains a length of from 4 feet to even 20 feet, and sometimes exceeds half a ton in weight. Its colour is

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a dark blue on the upper parts, and silvery. ing of ganglia situated in the fore-part of water may be passed from the centre horiwhite below. It has occasionally been the body, united to one another by trans zontally outwards through fixed curved found in the British seas.. The Americani | Verse corus.

verse cords.

There are no buvo

There are two sub-orders, blades, so as to give it a tangential motion, tunny (T. secundo-dorsalis) is found on the Planarida and Nemertida.

and thereby cause it to act on the blades American coast from New York to Nova Turbellarian (tér-bel-lā'ri-an), a. and 22. of the wheel which revolves outside. In the Scotia. It attains a length sometimes of Pertaining to or one of the order Turbel example represented in the annexed cut, 12 feet, and yields often 20 gallons of oil. laria.

the water is introduced into a close cast-iron Its flesh is esteemed excellent. The alba- Turbeth (ter'beth), n. See TURPETH.

vessel a, by the pipe b, connecting it with core (T. pacificus) and the bonito (which Turbid (ter'bid), a. (L, turbidus, from turba, the reservoir. Here, by virtue of its pressee) are allied species.

a crowd, turbare, to trouble. See TROUBLE.) sure, it tends to escape by any aperture Tup (tup), n. [O. E. tuppe, also tip, so called 1. Properly, having the lees disturbed; but which may be presented; but the only aperperhaps from the tendency of the animal to in a more general sense, muddy; foul with tures consist of a series of curved float-boards butt with its head. Comp. L.G. tuppen, top extraneous matter; thick ; not clear: used fs, fixed to a horizontal plate g, mounted pen, to push, to butt, so that it may be akin of liquids of any kind; as, turbid water; tur. upon a central axis h, which passes upwards. to E. top.] A ram.

bid wine. Though lees make the liquid through a tube connecting the upper and Tup (tup), v. t. and i pret. & pp. tupped; ppr. turbid.' Bacon.-2. Vexed; disquieted; dis lower covers, c and d, of the vessel a Antupping. 1. To butt, as a ram. (Local.) turbed. Turbid intervals that use to attend other series of curved plates ee, is fixed to 2. To cover, as a ram. Shak. close prisoners.' Howell.

the upper surface of the disc d, to give a Tupaia (tū-pi'a), 2. A genus of remarkable Turbidity (tér-bid'i-ti), n. The state of being determinate direction to the water before mammals, comprising three known species, turbid.

flowing out at the float-boards, and the curves natives of Sumatra and Java. They feed on Turbidly (tèrbid-li). adv. 1. In a turbid of these various parts are so adjusted as to fruit and insects, living on trees like squir manner; muddily.--2. Proudly; haughtily. render the reactive force of the water availrels, which they resemble in general appear One of great merit turbidly resents them.' able to the utmost extent in producing & ance and sprightliness, and, more specifi Young. [A Latinism.)

circular motion, and thus carrying round cally, in the possession of remarkably long, Turbidness (tér'bid-nes), n. The state or the disc and the axis h with which the mabushy tails. Called also Banzring. quality of being turbid; muddiness.

chinery to be impelled is connected. Tupaiadæ (tū-pi'a-dē), n. pl. The banx Turbillion (tér-bil'yon), n. (Fr. tourbillon, a Turbinida (tér-bin'i-de), n. pl. See TURBO. rings or 'squirrel-shrews,' a family of in dim. from L. turbo, a whirlwind, a whipping A family of marine, phytophagous, gastersectivorous vertebrate animals, consisting top, from the same root as turba, confusion, opodous molluscs, characterized by a shell of the single genus Tupaia. See TUPAIA. a crowd. See TURBID.) A whirl; a vortex. turbinated or pyramidal, and nacreous inTupelo (tù'pe-lo), n. [The native Indian

Each of them is a sun, moving on its own axis, in side, and a horny and multispiral opercuname.) A North American forest tree of the centre of its own vortex or turbillion. Steele. lum, or a calcareous and paucispiral one. the genus Nyssa, the N. denticulata, nat. Turbinaceous (têr-bi-na'shus), a. (An ill

They are allied to the Trochida. See TURBO. order Santalace. It is a lofty tree of great formed word from LL. turba, turf. See TUR

Turbinite, Turbite (ter'bin-it, ter'bit), n. beauty. The same name is given to other BARY.] Of or belonging to peat or rather | A petrined shell of the turbo kina. species of the genus, some of which are also turf; turfy; peaty. (Rare.)

Turbit (ter'bit), n. [In meaning 1 perhaps called Black Gum, Sour Gum, Gum Tree,

The real turbinaceous flavour no sooner reached

corruption of D. name kort-bek, short-beak.) Piperidge, &c. the nose of the captain, than the beverage was turned

1. A variety of the domestic pigeon, remarkTup-man (tup'man), n. A man who breeds down his throat with symptoms of most unequivocal able for its short beak. The head is flat, and or deals in tups. (Local.)

applause.

Sir W. Scott.

the feathers on the breast spread both ways. Turacine (tö'ra-sin). n. An animal pigment, Turbinate. Turbinated (tér'bin-åt, tèrbin 2. The turbot. discovered in the primary and secondary åt-ed). a. (From turbo, turbinis, a top. Turbith (tér'bith), n. An incorrect spelling pinion feathers of four species of Turaco See TOURBILLION.] 1. Shaped like a whip of Turpeth (which see). (hence the name) or plantain-eater. It con ping top: specifically. (a) in conch. spiral Turbo (térbo), n. (L., a whirling or turning tains nearly 6 per cent of copper, which or wreathed conically from a larger base to round, a top.) A genus of gasteropodous cannot be removed without the destruction a kind of apex like a top; as, turbinated molluscs, the type of the family Turbinidæ. of the colouring matter itself.

shells. (6) In bot, shaped like a top or cone It comprises all those species which have a Turanian (tū-rä'ni-an), a. [From Turan. inverted; narrow at the base and broad at completely and regularly turbinated shell See under IRANIAN) A term appellative of the apex; as, a turbinated germ, nectary, or and a perfectly round aperture. The animal one of the great classes into which human pericarp. – 2. Whirling in the manner of a

resembles a limax or slug. The periwinkle speech has been divided, and including the top. A spiral and turbinated motion.' is an example. There are about sixty living Ugrian or Finnish, Samoyedic, Turkish. Mon Bentley. -Turbinated bones, very thin bony species found in all seas; and upwards of golian, Tungusic, and possibly the Dravidian. plates, rolled up in the form of horns, and 360 fossil species found from the lower It is called also Altaic, Scythian, as well as situated in the nasal fossa.

Silurian upwards. Agglutinate and Polysynthetic, from the Turbinate (térbin-át), v. i To revolve like Turbot (ter'bot), n. (Formerly also written facts that its words are polysynthetic, or a top; to spin; to whirl. (Rare.) composed of several distinct words, each, Turbination (tér-bin-a'shon), n. The act of even in composition, retaining its signifi-| spinning or whirling, as a top. cance,

Turbine (ter'bin), n. (L. turbo, turbinis, Turban (ter'ban). n. (O. E turband, tur- that which spins or whirls round, whirl. bant, tulibant, tulipant, tolibant, &c., Fr. See TOURBILLION, TURBINATE, &c.] A kind turban, O.Fr. tolliban, Sp. and It. turbante, of horizontal water-wheel, made to revolve from Turk. tulbend, dulbend, Ar. and Per. dulband, turban-dul, a turn, a round, and band, a band. Tulip is a modified form of the same word.) 1. A form of head-dress worn by the Orientals. It varies in form in different nations, and in different classes of the same nation. It consists of two parts: a quilted cap without brim, fitted to the head; and a sash, scarf, or shawl, usually

Turbot (Rhombus maximus). of cotton or linen, wound about the cap, and sometimes hanging down the neck.

turbet, turbutte. A word of doubtful origin. 2. A kind of head-dress worn by ladies.-3. In

It may perhaps be Celtic originally; comp. conch, the whole set of whorls of a shell.

W. torbut, Ir. turbit, Gael turbaid, Armor. Turbandt (têr band), n. A turban.

turboden, tulbozen, a turbot; so that Fr. turTurbaned (têr band), a. Wearing a turban.

bot, 0. D. turbot would like the English be bor. A malicious and a turban'd Turk' Shak.

rowed forms. W. torbut seems to be from tor. Turban-shell (ter'ban-shel), n. The popular

a bulge, a belly, and prot, something short name given to an echinus or sea urchin

and squat. Diez and Brachet, however, would when deprived of its spines: so called from

derive Fr. turbot from L turbo, a whipping some resemblance to a turban.

top, comparing Gr. rhombos, which means Turbantt (tér bant), n. A turban.

both top and turbot, there being a supposed Turban-top (terban-top ), n. A plant of

similarity in shape. The latter part of the the genus Helvella; a kind of fungus or

word might also be explained as meaning mushroom.

flat-fish by itself=but in halibut, D. bot, a Turbary (tér'ba-ri), n (L L. turbaria, from

plaice, G. butte, a flat-fish: comp. also G. 0.H.G. turba, E. turf. See TURF) 1. In

butt, Dan. but, short and thick.) A welllaw, a right of digging turf on another man's

known and highly esteemed fish of the genus land. Blackstone. - 2. The place where turf

Section of Turbine.

Rhombus or Pleuronectes (R or P. mariis dug.

mus), family Pleuronectidæ or flat-fishes. Turbellaria (tér-bella'ri-a), n. pl. [From L. by the escape of water through orifices, Next to the halibut, the turbot is the largest turba, a crowd, a stir, from the currents under the influence of pressure derived from of the Pleuronectidae found on the British caused by their moving cilia. An order a fall. Turbines are now made after a vast coast, and is the most highly esteemed for of Annuloida, of the class Scolecida, almost variety of patterns. The oldest and simplest the table. It is of a short and broad form, all the members of which are aquatic and is the Scotch turbine, or Barker's mill(which and rather deeper than many of the flatnon-parasitic. The external surface is al see). In another common form the water fishes. The colour is brown on the left side, ways permanently ciliated, and the animals passes vertically down through the wheel which is usually the npper side, or that are destitute both of a suctorial disc and a between fixed screw blades, which give it a on which the eyes are placed through the circlet of cephalic hooklets. A water vas. spiral motion, and then strikes similar blades twisting of the head. It attains a large cular system is always present; the alimen attached to a movable spindle, but placed size, sometimes weighing from 70 to 90 lbs. tary canal is imbedded in the parenchyma in the opposite direction, so that the impact The American or spotted turbot (Rhombus of the body; the intestine straight or of the water communicates a rotatory mo maculatus), common on the coasts of New branched; and the nervous system consist tion to the blades and spindles. Or the England and New York, attains a weight of

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