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Shaken (shak'a) p. and a. 1. Caused to shake; agitated -. Cracked or split; as, chekan timber.

Wer is the wood shaker nor twisted, as those about Cape Towa

Barrow's Travels. Shaker (shäk'ér). n. 1. A person or thing that shakes or agitates; as, Neptune, the shaker of the earth.--2 A member of a religious sect founded in Manchester about the middle of the eighteenth century: so called popularly from the agitations or movements in dancing which forms part of their ceremonial, bat calling themselves the United Society of Believers in Christ's Second Appearing. The Shakers teach a system of doctrine founded partly on the Bible and partly on the supposed revelations of Mother Anne Lee, their first inspired leader, and her succensors They lead a celibate life, hold their property in common, engage in agriculture, horticulture, and a few simple trades. They believe the millennium has come, that they hold communication with the spirits of the departed, and have the exercise of spiritual gifta They wear a peculiar dress, and abstain from the use of pork as food. They teach the theory of non-resistance as opposed to war and bloodshed. They are now mostly confined to the United States of America. Sometimes called Shaking Quaker.-3. A variety of pigeon Shake-rag (shak'rag), n. A ragged fellow; a tatterdemalion.

He was a tha berar like fellow, and, he dared to say, lad gypsy blood in his veins. Sir W. Scott. Shakerism (shak'er-izm), n. The principles

of the Shakers
Shakiness (shak'i-nes), n. State or quality
of being shaky.
Shako (shak'o), n. (Fr. schako, borrowed
from Hang ceriko (pron. tshäko). Pol
tzako, a shako.) A kind of military head-
dress in shape somewhat resembling a
truncated cone, with a peak in front and
sometimes another behind, and generally
ornamented with a spherical or other shaped
body rising in front of the crown.
Shaksperian, Shakspearian (shak-spel.
Ti-an a. Relating to or like Shakspere.
Spelled variously Shakespearean, Shake-
swarian, Shakoperean, and Shakspearean.
Shaky (shäki), a. 1. Loosely put together;
ready to come to pieces. -2. Full of shakes
or cracks; cracked, split, or cleft, as timber.
& Disposed to shake or tremble; shaking;
a, a shaky hand. (Colloq. 4. Of question-
able integrity. solvency, or ability. Speci-
fically applied at the universities to one not
likely to pass his examination (Colloq.)

Other circumstances occurred ... which seemed to show that our director was-what is not to be found

Jobinson's dictionary-rather shaky. Thackeray. Shale (shål) n. (A form of scale or shel; G. sekal, a skin or bark, a shell, a thin layer. See SHELL 1 A shell or husk.

Your fair show shall suck away their souls Leaving them but the shales and husks of men.

Shak. 2 In ged a species of schist or schistous clay: slate clay: generally of a bluish or yellowish gray colour, more rarely of a dark blackish or reddish gray, or grayish black, or greenish colour. Its fracture is slaty, and in water it moulders into powder. It is often found in strata in coal - mines, and commonly bears vegetable impressions. It is generally the forerunner of coal. Bituminons shale is a sub-variety of argillaceous slute, is impregnated with bitumen, and burns with flame. It yields, when distilled at a low red heat, an oil of great commercial importance to which, from its being rich in paraftin, the name of paraftin-oil has been given. The coal-measures of Linlithgowshire are specially rich in bituminous shales of great value. Alum also is largely manulactured from the shales of Lancashire, Yorkshire, and Lanarkshire. There are andy, calcareous, purely argillaceous, and carbonaceous shales. Shale (shål). 1.1. To peel.

Lile in its epper grades was bursting its shell, or was skating of its husk.

Is. Taylor Shall (shal), originally u.t., now only aurilwary. Pres I shall, thou shalt, he shall, Dl 1, 2 and 3 shall; imperf. should, shouldest of shouldet, should, pl should. (Formerly trhal shal, skul, pret sholde, shulde; A. Sax. mal, iceal, I shall. I have to, I onght; pl. scukom, pret. sccolde, scolde, int. sculan. This is a preteritive present, that is a preterite which bu been transformed into a present, having teo acquired a new preterite of its own.

Similar forms occur throughout the Teu. it seems'- but this expression is now less
tonic tongues, all regarded as from a verb common than it would seem."
signifying to kill; so that shall originally

He is no suitor then! So it should seem. meant I have killed; hence, I have become

B Jonson. liable for the wergild, then I owe, I ought,

Shall and will are often confounded by inI shall.) 1. As independent verb: (a) to accurate speakers or writers, and even owe; to be under obligation for. “By that writers such as Addison sometimes make a faith I shal to God.' Chaucer. (6) Have to; slip. In quoting the following lines from a be called upon; be obliged; must [In this song in Sir George Etherege's 'She Would if sense almost the auxiliary.)

she Could' (1704), Mr. R. Grant White says, First tel me whider I shal (go) and to what man

I do not know in English literature another Chaucer.

passage in which the distinction between Al drery was his chere and his loking

shall and will and would and should is at Whan that he sholde out of the chambre go.

once so elegantly, so variously, so precisely,

Chauar. 2. As an anxiliary: (a

and so compactly illustrated.'

express mere futurity, forming the first persons singular and

How long I shall love him I can no more tell,

Than, had I a fever, when I should be well. plural of the future tense (including the

My passion shall kill me before I will show it, future perfect), and simply foretelling or And yet I wou'd give all the world he did know it; declaring what is to take place=am to, are But oh how I sigh, when I think should he woo me, to; as, I or we shall ride to town on Mon

I cannot refuse what I know wou'd undo me. day. This declaration simply informs an See also WILL. other of a fact that is to take place. Of course Shalli (shalli), n. [Connected with sharol: there may be an intention or determin the same word as challis.) A kind of twilled ation in the mind of the speaker, but shall cloth, made from the native goats' hair at does not express this in the first person, Angora Simmonds. though will does, I will go, being equivalent Shalloon (shal-lon'), n. [Fr. chalon, a woollen to I am determined to go, I have made up stuff, said to be from Chalons, in France.) my mind to go. Hence, I will be obliged, A slight woollen stuff. or we will be forced, to go is quite wrong. In blue shalloon shall Hannibal be clad. Swift. The rest of the simple future is formed by

Shallop (shal'lop), n. [Fr. chaloupe, French the auxiliary will; that is to say, the future

form of sloop; D. sloep. See SLOOP.) 1. A in full is, I shall, thou wilt, he will, we

sort of large boat with two masts, and shall, you will, they will. In indirect narra

usually rigged like a schooner.--2. A small tive, however, shall may express mere fu

light vessel with a small mainmast and turity in the second and third persons in

foremast, with lug - sails. The shallop such sentences as, he says or thinks he shall

flitteth silken-sail'd.' Tennyson. go. () In the second and third persons

Shallot (sha-lot), n. [Abbrev. of eschalot shall implies (1) control or authority on the

(which see). See also SCALLION.) A plant, part of the speaker, and is used to express

the Allium ascalonicum, a species of onion, a promise, command, or determination; as,

the mildest cultivated. It grows wild in you shall receive your wages; he shall re

many parts of Palestine, especially near ceive his wages; these phrases having the

Ascalon, whence it derives its specific name. force of a promise in the person uttering

The bulb is compound, separating into divithem; thou shalt not kill; he may refuse to

sions termed cloves, by which the plant is go, but for all that he shall go. (2) Or it

propagated. It is sufficiently hardy to enimplies necessity or inevitability, futurity

dure the severest winters of England. The thought certain and answered for by the

shallot is used to season soups and made speaker.

dishes, and makes a good addition in sauces, Sorrow on love hereafter shall attend. Skak.

salads, and pickles. He that escapes me without some broken limb Shallow (shal'lo), a. (Probably same word shall acquit him well.


as Icel. skjálgr, wry, oblique, the water being (c) Interrogatively, shall I go? shall we go? shallow where the beach sinks obliquely shall he go? shall they go ask for direction downward; comp. also shoal, shell.] 1. Not or refer the matter to the determination of deep; having little depth; having the bottom the person asked. But shall you go? asks at no great distance from the surface or edge; rather for information merely as to the as, shallow water; a shallow trench; a shallow future without referring to another's inten basket tion. (d) After conditionals, as if or whether, I had been drowned but that the shore was shelvy and in dependent clauses generally, shall, and shallow

Shak. in all the persons, expresses simple futurity;

I am made a shallow forded stream,
Seen to the bottom

Dryden, (I shall say, or we shall say.

2. Not intellectually deep; not profound; II Thou shalt say, ye or you shall say, not penetrating deeply into abstruse sub(He shall say, they shall say.

jects; superficial; empty: silly; as, & shalWhosoever (if any one) therefore shall break one low mind or understanding: shallow skill of these least commandments, and shall teach men Deep vers'd in books, and shallow in himso, he shall be called the least, &c. Mat. v. 19.

sell.' Milton.-3. Thin and weak of sound; (e) Should, though in form the past of shall, not deep, full, or round. The sound peris not used to express simple past futurity: fecter, and not so shallow or jarring.' thus, I shall go, means I am to go, but we Bacon. do not say I should go yesterday, for I was Shallow (shal'lo), n. A place where the to go or to have gone yesterday. In the water is not deep; a shoal; a shelf; a flat; indirect speech, however, it is so used; as, a sand-bank. I said I should go; I arranged that he should A swift stream is not heard in the channel, but upon go.

shallows of gravel.

Bacon. The Parliament resolved that all pictures ... There is a tide in the affairs of men, should be burned.

Macaulay. Which, taken at the flood, leads on to fortune;

Omitted, all the voyage of their life
Should is very commonly used (1) to express

Is bound in shallows and in miseries. Shak.
present duty or obligation, as I, we, they shallow (shallo), v.t. To make shallow.
should (now and always) practise virtue; or
to express past duty or obligation; as,

In long process of time the silt and sands shall so

choak and shallow the sea in and about it.
have paid the bill on de-
I should

Sir T. Browne.
Thou shouldst

mand; it was my duty, your That thought alone the state impairs,

duty, his duty to pay the bill Thy lofty sinks, and shallow thy profound. Young. He should You should

1 on demand, but it was not Shallow (shallo), n. A local name for the paid.

fish called also Rudd and Red-eye. See (2) To express a merely hypothetical case or RUDD. Yarrell. a contingent future event, standing in the Shallow-brained (shallo-bränd), a. Of no same relation to would that shall does to depth of intellect; empty-headed. 'A comwil: thus, as we say I shall be glad if you pany of lewd, shallow-brained huffs.' South. will come, so we say I should be glad if yon Shallow-hearted (shallo-härt-ed). a. Inwould come. In such phrases as, if it should capable of deep or strong feeling or affecrain to-morrow, if you should go to London tion. Ye sanguine, shallow-hearted boys. next week, if he should arrive within a Shak. month, it is to be regarded as the future | O my cousin, shallow-hearted! O my Amy, mine subjunctive. In like manner should is used

no more!

Tennyson. after though, grant, admit, allow, &c. (3) It Shallowly (shal'lo-li), adv. In a shallow is often used in a modest way to soften a manner; as, (a) with little depth. (0) Superstatement; thus, I should not like to say how ficially ; simply; without depth of thought many there are, 'is much the same as I hardly or judgment; not wisely. Shak. like, I do not like; so I should not care if I Shallowness (shallo-pes), n. The state or were at home' = I do not. Similarly, "It quality of being shallow; as, (a) want of should seem' often is nearly the same as depth; small depth; as, the shallowness of

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water, of a river, of a stream. (b) Superfi-
cialness of intellect; want of power to enter
deeply into subjects; emptiness; silliness.
• The shallowness and impertinent zeal of
the vulgar sort.' Howell.
Shallow-pated (shal'lo-pät-ed), a of

weak mind; silly, Ash.
Shalm, Shalmie (sham, shạm'i), n. A
musical wind - instrument formerly in use;
a shawm (which see).
Shalote (sha-lot'), 'n. See ESCHALOT and

Shalt (shalt). The second person singular

of shall; as, thou shalt not steal
Shaly (shá'li), a. Partaking of the qualities

of shale. Sham (sham), n. (Perhaps a form of shame; Prov. E. sham, shame; sham, to blush for shame; comp., however, Prov. G. schem, schemen, delusive appearance, phantom : scheme, shade, shadow ; 0.H.G. sciman, to gleam. One who or that which deceives expectation; any trick, fraud, or device that deludes and disappoints; delusion; imposture; humbug. Believe who will the solemn sham, not I. Addison.

In that year (1680) our tongue was enriched with two words, Mob and Sham, remarkable memorials of a season of tumult and imposture. Macaulay. Sham (sham), a. False; counterfeit; pretended; as, a sham fight.

Self-interest and covetousness cannot keep society orderly and peaceful, let sham philosophers say what they will.

Kingsley --Sham plea, in law, a plea entered for the mere purpose of delay. Sham (sham), v.t. pret. & pp. shammed; ppr. shamming. 1. To deceive; to trick; to cheat; to delude with false pretences.

They find themselves fooled and shammed into conviction.

Sir R. L'Estrange. 2.1 To obtrude by fraud or imposition.

We must have a care that we do not ... sham fallacies upon the world for current reason.

Sir R. L'Estrange,
3. To make a pretence of in order to deceive;
to feign; to imitate; to ape; as, to sham ill-
ness. -Tosham Abraham, a sailor's term for
pretending illness in order to avoid doing
duty in the ship, &c. See ABRAHAM-MAN."
Sham (sham), v. i. To pretend; to make false

Then all your wits that fleer and sham,
Down froin Don Quixote to Tom Tram,
Froin whom I jests and puns purloin,

And slily put them off for mine. Prior. Sham - Abram (sham - a' bram). a. Pretended; mock; sham. See under SHAM, v.t.

Sham-Abram saints.' Hood.
Shaman (sham'an), n. A professor or priest
of Shamanism; a wizard or conjuror, among
those who profess Shamanism.
Shaman (sham'an), a. Relating to Sha-
Shamanism (sham'an-izm), n. A general
name applied to the idolatrous religions of a
number of barbarous nations, comprehend.
ing those of the Finnish race, as the Ostiaks,
Samoyedes, and other inhabitants of Siberia,
as far as the Pacific Ocean. These nations
generally believe in a Supreme Being, but
to this they add the belief that the govern-
ment of the world is in the hands of a number
of secondary gods both benevolent and mal-
evolent towards man, and that it is absolutely
necessary to avert their malign influence by
magic rites and spells. The general belief
respecting another life appears to be that
the condition of man will be poorer and
more wretched than the present; hence
death is an object of great dread.
Shamanist (sham'an-ist), n. A believer in

Shamble (sham'bl), n. (A. Sax. scamel, a

stool, a bench, a form; Dan. skammel, Icel.
skemmill, a footstool, a bench, a trestle; Sc.
skemmile, shambles; from L. scamellum,
scamillus, dims. of scammum, a stool or
bench. l 1. In mining, a niche or shelf left
at suitable distances to receive the ore which
is thrown from one to another, and thus
raised to the top.-2. pl. The tables or stalls
where butchers expose meat for sale; a
slaughter-house: a flesh market: often
treated as a singular. To make a shambles
of the parliament house.' Shak.
Whatsoever is sold in the shambles that eat. Cor.x.25.
Hence-3. A place of indiscriminate slaugh-
ter or butchery.

The whole land was converted into a vast human shambles.

Prescott. Shamble (sham'bl), v.i pret. & pp. shambled; ppr. shambling. (A form of scamble

(which see).) To walk awkwardly and un or quality of being shameful; disgracefulsteadily, as if the knees were weak.

ness; disgrace; shame.
Shambling (sham'bl-ing), a. (From shamble.)

The king debated with himself
Moving with an awkward, irregular, clumsy

If Arthur were the child of shamefulness.
pace; as, a shambling trot; shambling legs.

Or born the son of Gorlois, Tennyson, Shambling (sham'bl-ing), n. An awkward,

Shameless (shăm'les), a. 1. Destitute of clumsy, irregular pace or gait.

shame; wanting modesty; impudent: brazenBy that shambling in his walk it should be my rich faced; immodest; audacious; insensible to banker, Gomez, whom I knew at Barcelona. Dryden. disgrace.

To tell thee whence thou camest, of whom derived. Shame (shām), n. (A. Sax. sceamu, scamu,

Were shame enough to shame thee, wert thou pot Icel. skamm, skömm, Dan. and Sw. skam,


Shak. G. scham, O.H.G. scama, shame; probably

2. Done without shame; indicating want of from a root-verb skiman, to redden; seen

shame; as, a shameless disregard of honesty. also in A. Sax. scima, a gleam; E. shim

The shameless denial hereof by some of their mer.) 1. A painful sensation excited by a

friends, and the inore shameless justification by some consciousness of guilt, or of having done

of their flaterers, makes it needful to exemplify. something which injures reputation, or by

Ralagk. the exposure of that which nature or mo Shamelessly (shăm'les-li), ado. In a shamedesty prompts us to conceal. 'Burns with less manner; without shame; impudently. bashful shame.' Shak.

He must needs be shamelessly wicked that abhors Hide, for shame, not this licentiousness.

Sir M. Hala Romans, your grandsires' images,

Shamelessness (shám'les-nes), n. The state That blush at their degenerate progeny. Dryden,

or quality of being shameless; destitution Shame prevails when reason is defeated. Rambler.

of shame; want of sensibility to disgrace or 2. The cause or reason of shame; that which dishonour; impudence. brings reproach and degrades a person in He that blushes not at his crime, but adds share the estimation of others. "Guides, who are lessness to shame, has nothing left to restore him to

virtue. the shame of religion.' South.

Fer. Tayler. And every woe a tear can claim,

Shame - proof (sham'pröf), a. Callous or Except an erring sister's shame. Byron. insensible to shame. 3. Reproach; ignominy; dishonour; disgrace;

They will shame us; let them not approach.

-We are shame procy, my lord. derision; contempt.

Skak. Ye have borne the shame of the heathen.

Shamer (sham'er). n. One who or that

Ezek. xxxvi. 6. which makes ashamed. Beau & PL 4. The parts which modesty requires to be Sham-fight (sham'sīt), n. A pretended fight covered. Is. xlvii. 3.-For shame! an inter or engagement. jectional phrase signifying you should be Shammel (sham'l), n. Same as Shanble. ashamed; shame on you!--To put to shame, Shammer (sham'ér), 1. One that shams; to cause to feel shame; to inflict shame, dis an impostor. grace, or dishonour on.

Shammy, Shamoy (sham'i, sham'oi), n. Seeing they crucify to themselves the Son of God JA corruption of chamois, the animal and afresh, and put him to an open shame. Heb. vi. 6. its prepared skin.] 1. A species of antelope, shame (shām). vt. pret. & pp. shamed: ppr.

the Antiope rupicapra; the chamois.--2. A

kind of leather originally prepared from the shaming. 1. To make ashamed; to cause to blush or to feel degraded, dishonoured,

skin of this animal, but much of the article or disgraced. 'Shame enough to shame thee,

sold under this name is now made of the

skin of the common goat, the kid, and even wert thou not shameless.' Shak.

the sheep. Who shames a scribbler ? Break one cobweb

Shamois (sham'oi), n. Same as Shammy. through, He spins the slight self-pleasing thread anew. Pope. Shamoying (sham'oi-ing). 7. A mode of 2. To cover with reproach or ignominy; to

preparing leather by working oil into the

skin instead of the astringent, or chloride disgrace.-3. To mock at; to deride.

of ammonium, commonly used in tanning. Ye have shamed the counsel of the poor. Ps. xiv. 6.

Shampoo (sham-pö), v. t. (Hind. tshampna, Shame (shām), v.i. To be ashamed.

to squeeze.] 1. To rub and percuss the To its trunk authors give such a magnitude, as I whole surface of the body of, and at the shame to repeat.

Raleigh. sarne time to extend the limbs and rack the I do shame to think of it.

joints, in connection with the hot bath, for Shamefaced (sham'fäst). a. r Sharnefaced the purpose of restoring tone and vigour-was once shamefast, shamefacedness was

a practice introduced from the East. -2. To shamefastness, like steadfast and steadfast

wash thoroughly and rub or brush effecness; but the ordinary manifestations of tively a person's head, using either soap or shame being by the face, have brought it to a soapy preparation. its present orthography.' Trench. See Shampoo (sham-pó), n. The act or operaSHAMEFAST.) Bashful: easily confused or

tion of shampooing. put out of countenance.

Shamrock (sham'rok), n. [Ir. seamrog, Gael Conscience is a blushing shamefaced spirit. Shak.

seamrag, trefoil, white clover.] The name Your shamefaced virtue shunnd the people's praise.

commonly given to the national emblem of Dryden.

Ireland, as the rose is that of England and Shamefacedly (sham'fāst-li), ado. Bash the thistle of Scotland. It is a trefoil plant, fully; with excessive modesty.

generally supposed to be the plant called Shamefacedness (shām'fāst-nes), n. Bash

white clover (Trifolium repens), but some fulness; excess of modesty.

think it to be rather the wood-sorrel (Oralis Shamefastt (shām'fast), a. (A. Sax. sceam Acetosella) (which see). The plant sold in fæst.) Shamefaced; modest.

Dublin and elsewhere on St. Patrick's Day is He saw her wise, shamefast and bringing forth

the small yellow trefoil (Trifolium minus). children.

North Shan (shan), n. Same as Shanny.
It is a pity that shamefast and shamefastness ...

Shan (shan), n. Naut. a defect in spars, should have been corrupted in modern use to shame most commonly from bad collared knots: faced and shamefacedness. The words are properly an injurious compression of fibres in timof the same formation as steadfast, Steadfastness,

ber; the turning out of the cortical layers sooth fast, soothfastness, and those good old English words now lost to us, rootfast, root fastness. As by

when the plank has been sawed obliquely rootfast our fathers understood that which was firm to the central axis of the tree. and fast by its root, so by shamefast, in like manner, Shand (shand), a. (O.E. schande, schonde. that which was established and made fast by (an honourable) shame. To change this into shame.

A. Sax. scand, sceond, shame, disgrace) faced is to allow all the meaning and force of the

Worthless. (Scotch.) word to run to the surface, to leave us, ethically, a Shand (shand), n. Base coin (Scotch.] far inferior word.


I doubé Glossin will prove but skand after a, MisShamefastness t (shăm'fast-nes), n, Shame

tress,' said Jabos. . . . but this is a gude half-crown facedness; great modesty. 'In mannerly ony way.

Str W. Scott aparell with shamfastnes.' Bible, Tyndale's Shandry, Shandrydan (shan'dri, shan'dritrans., 1526.

dan), n. A one-horse Irish conveyance. Shameful (shäm'ful), a. 1. Bringing shame An ancient rickety-looking vehicle of the or disgrace; scandalous; disgraceful; injuri kind once known as shandrydan' Cornhill ous to reputation.

Mag. His naval preparations were not more surprising Shandygaff (shan'di-ga), n A mixture of than his quick and shameful retreat. Arbuthnot. beer and ginger-beer. 2. Raising shame in others; indecent. Phæ (Men) slid into cool oyster cellars for iced gingerbus flying so most shameful sight.' Spenser. beer and skandygaff.

G. A. Sala. Shamefully (sham'ful-li), adv. In a shame Shangie, Shangan (shang'i, shang'an), n. ful manner; with indignity or indecency; A shackle; a stick cleft at one end for put. disgracefully.

ting the tail of a dog in by way of mischief. Shamefulness (sham'fyl-nes), n. The state or to frighten him away. (Scotch)


Shamanist (sham's great dresdent; henc

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Shaning (shan'ing), n. Same as Shanny. perhaps from same root as ship.] 1. To form Shard-borne (shård börn), a. Borne along Shank (shangk). n. (A. Sax. scanc, sceanc, or create; to make.

by its shards or scaly wing-cases. “The canca, sceanca, the bone of the leg, the

I was shapen in iniquity. Ps. li. 5. shard-borne beetle.' Shak. lec. cann-scanca, the arm-bone: Dan. & Sw.

Costly his garb-his Flemish ruff

Sharded (shärd'ed), a. Having wings akank: G. and D. schenkel, the shank. Akin Fell o'er his doublet, shaped of bufi. Sir W. Scott. sheathed with a hard case. The sharded Se stint, a shin of beef, and perhaps shin. ) 2. To mould, cut, or make into a particular

beetle.' Shak. 1 The whole leg, or the part of the leg

Shardy (shärd'i), a. Consisting of or formed from the knee to the ankle: the tibia or

form; to give form or figure to; as, to shape
a garment

by a shard or shards; furnished with shards. shin-bone. Crooked crawling shanks.' Spen

• The hornet's shardy wings.' J. R. Drake. Grace shaped her limbs, and beauty deck'd her

face. His youthful hose, well saved, a world too wide

Share (shår), n.

(A. Sax, scearu, a por

tion, a shearing, a division; scear, scier, For his shrunk tank.

3. To adapt to a purpose; to regulate; to

that which divides, the share of a plough, 2 In a horse, the part of the fore-leg beadjust; to direct.

both from sceran, to cut. Akin shear, tween the knee and the fetlock.-3. That

Charmed by their eyes, their manners I acquire, sheer, shire, shore, sharp, short, scaur, skirt.

And share my foolishness to their desire. Privr. part of an instrument, tool, or other thing

See SHEAR.) 1. A certain quantity; a part; which connects the acting part with a handle

To the stream... he shapes his course.

a portion; as, a small share of prudence

Sir . Denhaam. or other part by which it is held or moved;

4. To image; to conceive; to call or conjure or good sense. - 2. A part or portion of as specifically. (a) the stem of a key between np.

a thing owned by a number in common; the bow and the bit () The stem of an

Oft my jealousy

that part of an undivided interest which anchor connecting the arms and the stock.

Shapes faults that are not.

Shak. belongs to each proprietor; as, shares in a (c) The tang or part of a knife, chisel, &c., Shape (sháp), v.i. To square; to suit; to be

bank; shares in a railway; a ship owned in inserted in the handle. (d) The straight adjusted. (Rare.)

ten shares.-3. The part of a thing allotted portion of a hook (e) The straight part of

Their dear loss

or distributed to each individual of a numa nail between the head and the taper of The inore of you 'twas felt, the more it shaped ber; portion among others; apportioned lot; the point The body of a printing type.

Unto my end of stealing them.


allotment; dividend. My share of fame. ) The eye or loop on a button.-4. That Shape (sháp),n. 1. Character or construction Dryden.-4. The broad iron or blade of a part of a shoe which connects the broad of an object as determining its external ap plough which cuts the bottom of the furrowpart of the sole with the heel.-5. In metal. pearance; outward aspect; make; figure; slice; ploughshare. a large ladle to contain molten metals, form; guise; as, the shape of the head, the Sharpened shares shall vex the fruitful ground. managed by a straight bar at one end and body, &c.; the shape of a horse or a tree.

Dryden. & cross-bar with handles at the other end, "A charming shape.' Addison.

To go shares, to go share and share, to by which it is tipped to pour out the metal. Take any shape but that, and my firm nerves

partake, to be equally concerned. (Colloq.1 6. In arch. (a) the shaft of a column. (6) The Shall never tremble.


She fondly hoped that he might be inclined to go plain space between the channels of the tri 2. That which has form or figure; a figure;

share and share alike with Twin junior. Thackeray. glyph of a Doric frieze. - To ride Shanks' an appearance; a being.

Share (shår), v. t. pret. & pp. shared; ppr. dg or mare, to perform a journey on foot

The other shape

sharing. (From the noun.] 1. To divide in or on one's legs or shanks. [Colloq)

If shape it might be called that shape had none, portions; to part among two or more. Shank (shangk). v. 1. To be affected with Distinguishable in member, joint, or limb. Milton. The latest of my wealth I'll share amongst you. disease of the pedicel or footstalk; to fall 3. A pattern to be followed: 8 model: a

Shak. off by decay of the footstalk: often with

Suppose I share my fortune equally between my mould; as, to cut shapes for ladies' dresses,

children and a stranger. jackets, &c.-4. In cookery, a dessert dish The germens of these twelve flowers all swelled, inade of blanc-mange, rice, corn-flour, &c.,

2. To partake or enjoy with others; to seize and ultimately six fine capsules and two poor capvariously flavoured, or of jelly, cast into a

and possess jointly or in common. Who saies were produced, only four capsules shanking

stay to share the morning feast.' TennyDarwin, mould, allowed to stand till it sets or firms,

8on. and then turned out to be served.-5. Form 2. To take to one's legs. (Scotch.)

Great Jove with Cæsar shares his sov'reign sway. of embodiment, as in words; form, as of Shank (shangk), 2. t. [Scotch.) To send off

Milton. thought or conception; concrete embodi

In vain does valour bleed, without ceremony. ment or example, as of some quality.

While avarice and rapine share the land. Milton. They think they should be lookit after, and some

Yet the smooth words took no shape in action.

3. To receive as one's portion; to enjoy or say ye should baith be shankit aff till Edinburgh

Fronde. suffer: to experience. Shak.-4. To cut: Sir W. Scott. 6.A dress for disguise; a guise.

to shear; to cleave. -To shank one's self awa', to take one's self This Persian shape laid by, and she appearing

Scalp, face, and shoulder the keen steel divides, off quickly. Sir W. Scott.

In a Greekish dress.


And the shared visage hangs on equal sides. Shank-beer(shangk'běr),n. Same as Schenk Shape,pp. Formed; figured; prepared.

Dryden. Chaucer.

Share (shår), v.i. To have part; to get one's Shanked (shangkt). a. Having a shank. Shapeable (shåp'a-bl), a. 1. Capable of being

portion; to be a sharer. Shanked (shangkt), p. and a. Affected with shaped. 'Soft and shapeable into love's

And think not, Percy, disease of the shank or footstalk. syllables.' Ruskin.-2. Shapely. Spelled

To share with me in glory any more. Shak. Shanker (shangk'er). n. See CHANCRE. also Shapable.

A right of inheritance gave every one a title to Shanklin-sand (shangklin-sand), n. In geol.

share in the goods of his father.

Locke. Shapeless (shấp'les), a. Destitute of reguanother name for lower greensand of the lar form; wanting symmetry of dimensions.

Share-beam (shårbēm), n. That part of a chalk formation : so called from its being • The sha peless rock or hanging precipice.'

plough to which the share is applied. conspicuously developed at Shanklin in the Pope.

Share-bone (shårbon), n. The os pubis, the Isle of Wight

smallest of the three portions of the os in

He is deformed; crooked, old and sere, Shank-painter (shangk'pân-têr), n. Naut.

nominatum, which is placed at the upper

Il-faced, worse bodied, shapeless everywhere. a short rope and chain which sustains the


and fore part of the pelvis. shank and flukes of an anchor against the Shapelessness (shāples-nes), n. The state Share-broker (shár brok-er). n. A dealer ship's side, as the stopper fastens the ring of being shapeless; destitution of regular or broker in the shares and securities of and stock to the cat-head. form.

joint-stock companies and the like. Shanny (shan'ni), n. A small fish allied to Shapeliche,ta. Shapely; At; likely. Chau Shareholder (sharhöld-ér). n. One that the blenny, and found under stones and sea cer.

holds or owns a share or shares in a jointseeds, where it lurks. It is the Blennius | Shapeliness (shāp'li-nes), n. The state of stock company, in a common fund, or in pholis of Linnæus, and the Pholis lævis of being shapely; beauty or proportion of form. some property; as, a shareholder in a rail. modern authors. By means of its pectoral Shapely (sháp'li), a. Well formed; having way, mining, or banking company, &c. fins it is able to crawl upon land, and when a regular and pleasing shape; symmetrical. Share-line (shärlin), n. The summit line the tide ebbs will often creep upon shore The shapely column. T. Warton.

of elevated ground; the dividing line. until it finds a crevice wherein it can hide Shapesmith (sháp'smith), n. One that un Share-list (shårlist), n. A list of the prices until the tide returns.

dertakes to improve the form of the body of shares of railways, mines, banks, governShanscrit (shan'skrit), n. An old spelling (Burlesque.)

ment securities, and the like. of Sanscrit

No sha resmith yet set up and drove a trade,

Sharer (shar'èr), n. One who shares; one Sha'n't (shant). A contraction of Shall Not. To mend the work that Providence had made. who participates in anything with another, (Oolog i

Garth. one who enjoys or suffers in common with Shanty (ahan'ti), a. (A form of jaunty.) Shapournet (sha-pör'net). In her. see CHA

another or others; a partaker. POURNET. Jaunty: gay; showy. (Provincial.)

People not allowed to be sharers with their comShard (shärd), n. (Also sherd; A. Sax. sceard, Shanty. Shantee (shan'ti), n. [From Ir.

panions in good fortune will hardly be sharers in tean, old, or from sion, weather, and tig, a from sceran, to shear, to separate; cog. Icel. bad.

Sur R. L'Estrange, borse] A hut or mean dwelling; a tempo

skard, a notch, a gap; Dan. skaar, an inci Shark (shärk), n. [Usually derived from L. mry building

sion, a sherd; akin share.] 1. A piece or carcharias, Gr. karcharias, a shark, from kar.

fragment of an earthen vessel or of any Shanty (shan'ti), 0.i. To live in a shanty.

charos, sharp-pointed, with sharp or jagged (Rare

brittle substance; a potsherd; a fragment. teeth; but the want of intermediate forms

Shards, flints, and pebbles.' Shak. 'Dashed Shanty-man (shan'ti-man), n. One who

renders this etymology a little doubtful. your cities into shards.' Tennyson. lives in a shanty; hence, a backwoodsman;

Perhaps from A. Sax. sceran, to shear, to cut. a lamberer.

Thus did that poor soul wander in want and cheerless Comp. Icel. skerthingr, a shark. The noun and

discomfort, Shapable (sháp'a-bl), 11. 1. Capable of being

the verb appear to have been applied to perBleeding, barefooted, over the shards and thorns shapedi; shapeable. -2 Having a proper of existence.

sons as early as to the fish.] 1. One of a group

Long fellow. shape or form.

of elasmobranchiate fishes, celebrated for 2. The shell of an egg or of a snail. --3. The

the size and voracity of many of the species. I made things round and skapable, which before wing-case of a beetle.

The form of the body is elongated, and the were Sithy things indeed to look upon De Foe.

They are his shards, and he their beetle. Shak.

tail thick and fleshy. The mouth is large, Shape (shäp), . t. pret. shaped; pp. shaped 4. The leaves of the artichoke and some and armed with several rows of compressed, or shapen, ppr. shaping. (A. Sax. scea pan, other vegetables whitened or blanched. sharp-edged, and sometimes serrated teeth. wortpan, 0.Sax scapan, Goth. skapan, skap Shards or mallows for the pot.' Dryden. The skin is usually very rough, covered with jan, Icel. skapa, Dan ekabe, O.H.G. scafan, 5. A gap in a fence. Stanihurst. -6.7A| a multitude of little osseous tubercles or plaMod. G. schaffen, to shape, form, create; bourne or boundary; a division. Spenser, coid scales. They are the most formidable

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arp and pedice I had


and voracious of all fishes, pursue other the road. - 4. Acute of mind; quick to dis- cal composition, or to raise a note a semimarine animals, and seem to care little cern or distinguish; penetrating; ready at tone. whether their prey be living or dead. They | invention; witty; ingenious; discriminating; Sharp (shärp), v.i. To play tricks in baroften follow vessels for the sake of picking shrewd; subtle. The sharpest witted lover gaining; to act the sharper. up any offal which may be thrown over. in Arcadia.' Sir P. Sidney.

Your scandalous life is only cheating or sharping board, and man himself often becomes a

Nothing makes men sharper than want. Addison. one half of the year and starving the other. victim to their rapacity. The sharks formed

Sir R. L'Estrange. Many other things belong to the material world the genus Squalus, Linn., now divided into wherein the sharpest philosophers have not yet ob

Sharp (shärp), adv. 1. Sharply. tained clear ideas.

Watts. No marvel, though you bite so sharpat reasons. Shak. Hence-5. Subtle; nice; witty; acute: said Is a man bound to look out shary to plague himself? of things. Sharp and subtle discourses.'

Feremy Cellier. Hooker.

2. Exactly; to the moment; not a minute He pleaded still not guilty and alleged

behind. Many sharp reasons to defeat the law. Shak.

Captain Osborne ... will bring him to the

150th mess at five o'clock sharp. "Thackeray. 6. Affecting the organs of sense, as if pointed

Sharp-cut (shärp'kut), a. Cut sharply and or cutting; as, (a) quick or keen of sight; vigilant; attentive; as, a sharp eye; sharp

clearly; cut so as to present a clear, well

defined outline, as a figure on a medal or an sight.

engraving; hence, presenting great distinctTo sharp-eyed reason this would seem untrue.

ness; well-defined; clear.

(6) Affecting the organs of taste like fine

Sharpen (sharp'n), v.t. [From the adjecWhite Shark (Carcharias vulgaris). points: sour: acid; acrid; bitter: as, sharp

tive) To make sharp or sharper; as, (a) to vinegar; sharp-tasted citrons. "Sharp phy

give a keen edge or fine point to; to edge; several families, as the Carcharidæ, or white sic.' Shak. (c) Affecting the organs of hear

to point; as, to sharpen a knife, an axe, or sharks, Lamnidæ, or basking sharks, Scym. ing like sharp points; piercing: penetrating;

the teeth of a saw; to sharpen a sword. nidæ, including the Greenland shark, Scyl shrill; as, a sharp sound or voice.

All the Israelites went down to the Philistines to lidæ, or dog-fishes, &c. The basking shark

sharpen every man his share and his coulter, and

The sound strikes so sharp as you can scarce en(Selache maxima) is by far the largest species,

his axe and his mattock.

i Sam, xiii. 20. dure it.

Васон. sometimes attaining the length of 40 feet,

(6) To make more eager or active; as, to 7. Keen: acrimonious: severe; harsh : bit. but it has none of the ferocity of the others.

sharpen the edge of industry. Hooker ing; sarcastic; cutting; as, sharp words ; The white shark (Carcharias vulgaris) is one

(c) To make more intense, as grief, joy. sharp rebuke. of the most formidable and voracious of the

Be thy words severe,

pain, &c. species. It is rare on the British coasts, Sharp as he merits; but the sword forbear. Dryden.

It may contribute to his misery, heighten the but common in many of the warmer seas,

anguish, and sharpen the sting of conscience. 8. Severely rigid; quick or severe in pun

South. reaching a length of over 30 feet. The hamishing; cruel.

(d) To make more quick, acute, or ingenious. mer - headed sharks (Zygæna), which are

To that place the sharp Athenian law

Quickness of wit, either given by nature or Cannot pursue us.

Shak, sharpened by study.' Ascham. (e) To render 9. Eager in pursuit; keen in quest; eager

quicker or keener of perception.
for food; as, a sharp appetite.

The air sharpend his visual ray
To objects distant far.

My falcon now is sharp and passing empty. Shak.

(0) To render more keen: to make more To satisfy the sharp desire I had of tasting these fair apples.

eager for food or for any gratification; as, 10. Fierce; ardent; fiery; violent; impetu.

to sharpen the appetite; to sharpen a desire. ous; as, a sharp contest.

Epicurean cooks

Sharpen with cloyless sauce his appetite. Shak. A sharp assault already is begun. Dryden.

(9) To make biting, sarcastic, or severe. 11. Severe; afflicting; very painful or dis

Sharpen each word.' Ed. Smith. (h) To tressing; as, sharp tribulation; a sharp fit

render more shrill or piercing. of the gout. A sharp torture.' Tillotson.

Inclosures not only preserve sound, but increase Sharp misery had worn him to the bones. Shak.

and sharpen it.

Весен, 12. Biting; pinching; piercing; as, sharp (1) To make more tart or acid; to make sour; air: sharp wind or weather. - 13. Gritty :

as, the rays of the sun sharpen vinegar.hard; as, sharp sand.-14. Emaciated; lean; () In music, to raise, as a sound, by means thin; as, a sharp visage. - 15. Keenly alive of a sharp; to apply a sharp to. to one's own interest; keen and close in Sharpen (sharp'n), v.i. To grow or become

making bargains or in exacting one's dues; Hammer-headed Shark (Zygana malleus).

sharp. Now she sharpens.' Shak. ready to take advantage; barely honest: of Sharper (sharp'er), n. (See the adjective.] chiefly found in tropical seas, are very vora

persons; hence, characterized by such keen A shrewd man in making bargains; a tricky cious, and often attack man. The shark is ness: of things.

fellow; a rascal; a cheat in bargaining or oviparous or ovoviviparous, according to cir I will not say he is dishonest, but at any rate he gaming. cumstances.-2. A greedy, artful fellow; one

is sharp.

Trollope. Shar pers, as pikes, prey upon their own kind. who fills his pockets by sly tricks; a sharper; Yet there was a remarkable gentleness and childish

Sir R. L'Estrange. ness about these people, a special inaptitude for any

Who proffers his past favours for my virtue a cheat. Cheaters, sharks, and shifting com

kind of sharp practice.


Tries to o'erreach me is a very sharper. panions.' Bp. Reynolds.-3. Trickery: fraud;

Coleridge. petty rapine. Wretches who live upon the 16. In phonetics, applied to a consonant pro

Sharp-ground (shärp'ground), a. Whetted shark.' South. nounced or uttered with breath and not

till it is sharp; sharpened. No sharpShark (shärk), v.i. (Origin doubtful. See with voice; surd ; non-vocal; as, the sharp

ground knife.' Shak. the noun. Shirk appears to be a weakened mutes p, t, k.-17. In music, (a) raised a semi

Sharpie (sharp'i), n. Naut. a long, sharp, form of this. To play the petty thief, or

tone, as a note. (6) Too high; so high as to flat-bottomed sail-boat. (United States.) rather to live by shifts and petty stratabe out of tune or above true pitch.-Sharp

Sharpling (shärp'ling), n. A fish, the sticklegems; to swindle; to cozen; to play a meanly is often used adverbially. See separate entry.

back. [Provincial.] dishonest or greedy trick. B. Jonson.

- To brace sharp (naut.), to turn the yards

Sharp-looking (shårplyk-ing), a. Having to the most oblique position possible that That does it fair and above-board without legerde

the appearance of sharpness; hungry lookthe ship may sail well up to the wind. main, and neither sharks for a cup or reckoning.

ing: emaciated ; lean. A needy, hollowBp. Earle. Sharp is frequently used in the formation

eyed, sharp-looking wretch.' Shak. -To shark out, to slip out or escape by low of compounds, many of which are self Sharply (shärp'li), adv. In a sharp or keen artifices. [Vulgar.) explanatory; as, sharp - cornered, sharp

manner; as, (a) with a keen edge or a fine Shark (shark), v.t. To pick up hastily, slily, edged, sharp-pointed, sharp-toothed, &c.

point. (b) Severely; rigorously; roughly. or in small quantities: with up. Sharp (shärp). n. 1. An acute or shrill sound.

* Rebuke them sharply.' Tit. 1. 13. (c) Young Fortinbras, ... • The lark, straining harsh discords and un

Keenly; acutely; vigorously; as, the mind Hath in the skirts of Norway here and there pleasing sharps.' Shak.-2. In music, (a) &

and memory sharply exercised. (d) Vio Shark'd up a list of lawless resolutes. Shak. note artificially raised a semitone. (6) The

lently; vehemently. Sharker (shärk'er). n. One who lives by sign (3) which, when placed on a line or

At the arrival of the English ambassadors, the sol sharking; an artful fellow. 'A rengado space of the staff at the commencement of a

diers were sharply assailed with wants. Hayward a dirty sharker.' Wotton. movement, raises all the notes on that line or

(e) With keen perception ; exactly; minShark-ray (shark'ra), n. See RHINOBATID space or their octaves a semitone in pitch.

When, in the course of the movement, it preSharn (shårn), n. The dung of oxen or cows.


You contract your eye when you would see sharply. (Scotch.)

cedes a note, it has the same effect on it or its Sharock (shar'ok), n. A silver coin in India, repetition, but only within the same bar. - Acutely; wittily; with nice discernment. worth about 18. sterling

Double sharp, a character (x) used in chro To this the Panther sharply had replied. Sharp (sharp). a. [A. Sax. scearp, from matic music, and which raises a note two Dryden. (9) Abruptly: steeply; as, the bank the root of sceran, to shear, to cut; L.G. semitones above its natural pitch.-3. A sharp rises sharply up. scharp, D. scherp, Icel. skarpr, G. scharf. consonant. See the adjective. - 4. pl. The | Sharpness (shårp'nes), n. The state or quaSee SHARE.) 1. Having a very thin edge or hard parts of wheat which require grinding 1.lity of being sharp; as, (a) keenness of an fine point; keen; acute; not blunt; as, a a second time. Called also Middlings.-5. A edge or point; as, the sharpness of a razor sharp knife, or a sharp needle; a sharp pointed weapon. Jeremy Collier.-6. A por or a dart (6) Pungency; acidity; as, the edge easily severs a substance; a sharp tion of a stream where the water runs very

sharpness of vinegar. (c) Eagerness of depoint is easily made to penetrate it. My rapidly. C. Kingsley. (Provincial. ]-7. A sire or pursuit; keenness of appetite, as for cimeter's sharp point' Shak.-2. Terminat sewing-needle, one of the most pointed of food, and the like. (d) Pungency of pain; ing in a point or edge; not obtuse; some the three grades-blunts, betweens, and keenness; severity of pain or affliction; as, what pointed or edged; ridged; peaked; as, sharps.

the sharpness of pain, grief, or anguish; the a hill terminates in a sharp peak or a sharp Sharp (shärp), v.t. 1. To make keen or

sharpness of death or calamity. ridge; a sharp roof. - 3. Abruptly turned ; acute; to sharpen. To sharp my sense.

And the best quarrels in the heat are curst bent at an acute angle; as, a sharp turn of Spenser.—2. To mark with a sharp, in musi By those that feel their sharpness. Shak.



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(e) Severity of language; pungency; satirical Shatter-brain (shat'tér-brán), n. A careless a shave, a knife, a plane, or other cutting, as, the sharpness of satire or re giddy person; a scatter-brain.

instrument. bake.

Shatter-brained, Shatter-pated (shat'. Shaving-brush (shåv'ing-brush),n. A brush some did all folly with just sharpness blame. tér-brand, shat'tèr-påt-ed), a. Disordered used in shaving, for spreading the lather


in intellect; intellectually weak; scatter over the beard. Acuteness of intellect; the power of brained.

Shaw (sha), 12. (A Scandinavian word; Dan. nice discernment; quickness of understand

You cannot ... but conclude that religion and skov, Icel. skógr, Sw. skog, a wood or grove.) ing; ingenuity; as, sharpness of wit or un devotion are far from being the mere effects of ig.

1. A thicket; a small wood; a shady place. derstanding. (9) Quickness of sense or per norance and imposture, whatever some shatter.

This grene shaw.' Chaucer. brained and debauched persons would fain persuade ception; as, the sharpness of sight. (h)

Close hid bethemselves and others. Keen Desa; severity; as, the sharpness of the

neath the greenwood shaw.' Fairfax.-2. A Dr. F. Goodman.

stem with the leaves, as of a potato, turnip, air or weather. () Keenness and closeness | Shattery (shat-tér'i), a. Brittle: easily fall.

&c. (Now only Scotch or northern English in transacting business or exacting one's ing into many pieces; not compact; loose dues: equivocal honesty: as, his practice of texture.

in both senses.)

Shaw (sha), v.t. To show. (Scotch.) is characterized by too much sharpness.

A coarse grit stone , .. of too shattery a nature Sharp-set (shärp'set), a. to be used except in ordinary buildings.

Shaw-fowl (sha'foul), n. (Shaw here a 1. Eager in appe


form of show. The representation or image tite; affected by keen hunger; ravenous. Shauchle, Shaughle (shach'l), v. i. To walk

of a fowl made by fowlers to shoot at. The shary-set squire resolves at last, with a shuffling or shambling gait. [Scotch.)

Shawl (shal), m. (Fr. chale, from Ar. and Whare'er befel him not to fast. Somerville. Shauchle, Shaughle (shach'l), v. t. To dis

Per. shal, a shawl.) An article of dress, 2 Eager in desire of gratification. (Familiar tort from the proper shape or right direction

usually of a square or oblong shape, worn in both senses) by use or wear. - Shaughled shoon, shoes

by persons of both sexes in the East, but in The town is sharp set on new plays, Pope. trodden down on one side by bad walking

the west chiefly by females as a loose body Shard-shooter (sharp'shot-er), n. One fig. applied to a jilted woman. Burns; Sir

or shoulder covering. Shawls are of seveW. Scott. (Scotch.) skilled in shooting at an object with exact

ral sizes and divers materials, as silk, cotton, Shaul (shal), a. Shallow. Duncan deep, Dess; one skilled in the use of the rifle. In

hair, or wool; and occasionally they are and Peebles shaul.' Burns. (Scotch milit a name formerly given to some of the

formed of a mixture of some or all these Shave (shảv), v.t. pret. shaved; pp. shaved best shots of a company, who were armed

staples. Some of the Eastern shawls, as with rifles, and took aim in firing. They are or shaven; ppr. shaving. (A. Sax. scafan, to

those of Cashmere, are very beautiful and Dow sgperseded by the better arms and shave, to scrape, to smooth, to plane; com

costly fabrics. They are now successfully mon to the Teutonic tongues; Icel. scafa, organization of modern armies.

imitated in Europe. The use of the shawl Dan, skace, Sw. skafva, D. schaaven, Goth. Sharp - shooting (shärp'shot-ing), n. A

in Europe, at least of a vestment under that shooting with great precision and effect, as

skaban, G. schaben: same root as Gr. skaptö, riflemen. Applied also to a sharp skirmish to dig: L. scabo, to scrape.) 1. To cut or

name, belongs almost entirely to the present

century. pare off from the surface of a body by & of wit or would-be wit.

Shawl (shal), v. t. To cover with a shawl. razor or other edged instrument; as, to The frequent repetition of this playful inquiry on

Rebecca was shawling herself in an upper apart the part of Mr. Pecksniff, led at last to playful an. shave the beard. Often with off.


Thackeray. swers on the part of Mr. Montague, but after some Neither shall they shave off the corner of their Shawm. Shalm (sham), n. (0.Fr. chalemel, little sher-shooting on both sides, Mr. Pecksniff beard.

Lev. xxi. 5. became grave almost to tears. Dickens.

Mod. Fr. chalumeau, from calamellus, a 2. To pare close; to make smooth or bare by

dim. of L. calamus, a reed, a reed - pipe.] Sharp-sighted (shärp'sit-ed), a. 1. Having cutting or paring from the surface of; espe

An old wind-instrument similar in form to quick or acute sight; as, a sharp-sighted cially, to remove the hair from by a razor

the clarionet. Others think it was formed eagle or hawk.-2Having quick discern

or other sharp instrument; as, to shave the ment or acute understanding; as, a sharp

of pipes made of reed or of wheaten or oaten chin or head; to shave hoops or staves.

straw. sighted opponent; sharp-sighted judgnient.

The bending scythe A healthy, perfect, and sharp-sighted

Shay (sha), . A chaise. Lamb. (Colloq.

Shaves all the surface of the waving green. Gay. vulgarism.) mind' Sir J. Davies.

3. To cut in thin slices. Sharp-tall (shärp'tal), n. A passerine bird

Plants bruised or Shaya (shá'a), n. Oldenlandia umbellata.

shaven in leaf or root.' Bacon.--4. To skim! See SHAYA-ROOT. of the sub-family Synallaxinæ, family Cer

along or near the surface of; to sweep along. thidæ or creepers

Shaya-root (shă'a-röt). n. The root of

He scours the right-hand coast, sometimes the left; the Oldenlandia umbellata, nat, order CinSharp-visaged (sharp'viz-ajd), a. Having

Now shaves with level wing the deep. Milton. chonaces. The outer bark of the roots of this a sharp or thin face.

5. To strip; to oppress by extortion; to plant furnishes the colouring matter for the The Welsh that inhabit the mountains are commonly siarp-visaged.

Sir M. Hale,

fleece.-To shave a note, to purchase it at a

great discount, or to take interest upon it Sharp-witted (sharp'wit-ed), a. Having an

much beyond the legal rate. (United States acute or nicely-discerning mind. 'A num

colloquialism) ber of dull-sighted, very sharp-witted men.'

Shave (shảv), v.i. 1. To use the razor; to Foton.

remove the beard or other hair with a razor. Shasht (shäsh), n. 1. A sash, Cotton.

2. To be hard and severe in bargains; to ? A turban. Fuller.

cheat. Shaster Shastra (shås'ter, shäs'tra).n. (Skr.

Shave (shảv), n. (See the verb.] 1. The act shastra, from shax, to teach.) A law or book

or operation of shaving; a cutting off of the of laws among the Hindus : applied parti

beard.-2. A thin slice; a shaving.-3. An cularly to a book containing the authorized

instrument with a long blade and a handle institutes of their religion, and considered

at each end for shaving hoops, &c.; also, a of divine origin. The term is applied, in a

spokeshave.-4. The act of passing so closely wider sense, to treatises containing the laws

as almost to strike or graze; an exceedingly or institutes of the various arts and sciences, au rhetoric.

narrow miss or escape: often with close or

near. (Colloq.) Shathmont (shath'mont), n. (See SHAFTMAS.] A measure of 6 inches. (Scotch.)

The next instant the hind coach passed my engine Shatter (that'têr), v. t. (A softened form of

by a shave.


By Jove, that was a near shavel' This exclama. scatter; to shatter is literally to smash into

tion was drawn froin us by a bullet which whistled small pieces that scatter or fly apart. See

within an inch of our heads. W. H. Russell, SCATTER.] 1. To break at once into many

6. A false report or alarm voluntarily propieves; to dash, burst, or part by violence

pagated with a view to deceive: a trick. into fragments; to rend, split, or rive into

[Slang) splinters; 39, an explosion of gunpowder

Shaya (Oldenlandia umbellata). The deep gloom of apprehension-at first a shave shatters a rock; lightning shatters the sturdy of old Smith's, then a well-authenticated report.

durable red for which the chintzes of India oak

W. H. Russell. He raised a sigh so piteous and profound

are famous. The plant grows wild on the Shave-grass (shåv'gras), n. A plant of the As it did seem to skatter all his bulk. Shak.

Coromandel coast, and is also cultivated genus Equisetum (E. hyemale) employed 2. To break up: to disorder; to derange; to

there. The leaves are considered by the for polishing wood, ivory, and brass. See give a destructive shock to; to overthrow;| EQUISETUM.

native doctors as expectorant. Written also as, his mind was now quite shattered.

Shaveling (shāv'ling), n. A man shaved;

She (shē), pron. --possessive her or hers, da-
In the strength of this I rode,

hence, a friar or religieux. (In contempt.) Shattering all evil customs everywhere. Tennyson.

tive her, objective her; nom. pl. they, posBy St. George and the Dragon, I am no longer a

sessive their or theirs, dative them, objec. & 1 To scatter; to disperse. shaveling than while my frock is on my back.

tive them. (A. Sax. seo, the, that, the nom. I come to plack your berries harsh and crude,

Sir W. Scott.
And with forc'd fingers rude
Shaver (shav'er), n. 1. One who shaves or

fem. of the def. art. Though now used as Skafter your leaves before the mellowing year, whose occupation is to shave.-2. One who

the feminine corresponding to he, it is not Milton. is close in bargains or a sharp dealer.

strictly so, having taken the place of heo, 4.1 To dissipate; to make incapable of close

This Lewis is a cunning shaver. and continued application.

the proper feminine, in the twelfth cen

A man... of

tury. It was first used in the northern shattered humour.' Norris. 3. One who fleeces; a pillager; a plunderer.

dialects as a pronoun in the forms sco, sho. Shatter (shatter), o... To be broken into By these shavers the Turks were stripped of all The possessive her and the later hers are fragments; to fall or crumble to pieces by

they had.


from the old feminine pronoun heo, genit. any force applied.

4. A humorous fellow; a wag.-5. A jocular hire; whereas, seó had genit. thore.] 1. The Some shatter and fly in many places. Bacon,

name for a young boy; a youngster. [Com nominative feminine of the pronoun of the Shatter (shat'tér), 7. One part of many

pare as to this last sense Gypsy chavo, a third person, used as a substitute for the into which anything is broken; a fragment: child.

name of a female, or of something personiused ehiefly in the plural, and in the phrases

Shavie (shāv'i),n. A trick or prank. Mony fied in the feminine: the word which refers to break or rend into shatters.

a prank an' mirthfu' shavie. Blackwood's to a female mentioned in the preceding or Sack the candle so loose, that it will fall upon the Mag. (Scotch.)

following part of a sentence or discourse. less of the sconce, and break it into shatters. Shaving (sháv'ing), n. 1. The act of one

Then Sarah denied, saying. I laughed not ; for she Swift. who shaves.--2. A thin slice pared off with was afraid.

Gen. xviii. 15.

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