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several other species. The shear-waters ffy rapidly, skimming over the waves, whence they pick up small fishes, crustaceans, mol

2. She is sometimes used as a noun for woman or female both in the singular and in the plural, usually in contemptuous or humorous language.

Lady, you are the cruell'st she alive. Shak.
The shes of Italy should not betray
Mine interest and his honour.

Shak. 3. She is used also as a prefix for female; as, a she-bear; a she-cat. A she-angel.' Shak. Shea (shē'a), n. The Bassia butyracea of botanists, a native of tropical Asia and Africa, and believed to be the fulwa or fulwara tree of India. The African shea tree (B. Parkii) resembles the laurel in the shape and colour of its leaves, but grows to the height of 30 or 40 feet. The trunk yields when pierced a copious milky juice. The shea or vegetable butter is found in the nut, and is obtained pure by crushing, boiling, and straining. The nuts grow in bunches, and are attached to the boughs by slender filaments. They are of the shape and size of a pigeon's egg, of a light drab when new, but the colour deepens afterwards to that of chocolate. A good-sized tree in prolific condition will yield a bushel of nuts. Called also Butter-tree. See BASSIA. Sheading (shēd'ing), n. (A. Sax. sceadan, Goth. skaidan, D. and G. scheiden, to divide; akin shed, as in watershed.] In the Isle of Man, a riding, tithing, or division, in which there is a coroner or chief constable.

The isle is divided into six sheadings. Sheaf (shēf), n. pl. Sheaves (shēvz). (A. Sax. sceaf, a sheaf, a bundle, as of arrows; L.G. skof, schof, D. schoof, Icel. skauf, G. schaub. The root is that of shove, A. Sax. scúfan, to shove, thrust, push.) 1. A quantity of the stalks of wheat, rye, oats, or barley bound together; a bundle of stalks or straw.

The reaper fills his greedy hands
And binds the golden sheaves in brittle bands.

Dryden. 2. Apy bundle or collection: specifically, twenty-four arrows, or as many as fill the quiver.

Farewell!' she said, and vanished from the place; The sheaf of arrows shook and rattled in the case.

Dryden. Sheaf (shēf), 1. The wheel in the block of a

pulley; a sheave. See SHEAVE. Sheaf (shēf), v.t. To collect and bind; to make sheaves of. Sheaf (shēf), v.i. To make sheaves.

They that reap, must sheaf and bind. Shak. Sheafy (shēf'i), a. Pertaining to, consisting

of, or resembling sheaves. Gray. Sheal (shēl), n. (A form of shell.) A husk

or pod. (Old and provincial.) Sheal (shēl), v.t. To take the husks or pods off; to shell. That's a shealed peascod.' Shak. [Old and Provincial.) Sheal (shēl), n. (A Scotch word : Icel. skáli,

N. skaale, a hut or shed, from root of shelter, shield.] 1. A hut or small cottage for shepherds, or for fishermen on the shore or on the banks of rivers; a shealing.-2. A shed for sheltering sheep on the hills during the night.-3. A summer residence, especially one erected for those who go to the hills for sport, &c. Written also Sheel, Sheil. Shealing (shēl'ing), n. The outer shell, pod, or husk of pease, oats, and the like. [Provincial.) Shealing (shēl'ing), n. Same as Sheal. Written also Sheeling, Sheiling. [Scotch.)

They were considered in some measure as proprietors of the wretched shealings which they inhab. ited.

Sir W. Scott. Shear (shēr), v. t. pret. sheared and shore; pp. sheared or shorn; ppr. shearing. (O. E.schere, shere, A. Sax. sceran, to shear, shave, share, divide: L.G. scheren, D. scheeren, to sheer, cut, clip, sheer off; Icel. skera, to cut, carve, reap, slaughter; Dan. skäre, to cut or carve; G. scheren, to shear, shave, cheat. From a root skar, which appears without the initial & in Gr. keiro, Skr. kar, to cut. Akin share, sheer, shire, shore, sharp, short, scaur.] 1. To cut or clip something from with an instrument of two blades; to separate anything from by shears, scissors, or a like instrument; as, to shear sheep; to shear cloth. It is appropriately used for the cutting of wool from sheep or their skins, and for clipping the nap from cloth.-2. To separate by shears; to cut or clip from a surface; as, to shear a fleece.

But she, the wan sweet maiden, shore away
Clean from her forehead all that wealth of hair.

Tennyson, 3. Fig. to strip of property, as by severe

exaction or excessive sharpness in bargaining; to fleece.

In his speculation he had gone out to shear, and come home shorn.

Mrs. Riddell. 4. (Old English and Scotch.] To cut down, as with a sickle; to reap. Shear (shēr), v.i. 1. To cut; to penetrate by cutting.

Many a deep glance, and often with unspeakable precision, has he cast into mysterious Nature, and the still more mysterious Life of Man. Wonderful it is with what cutting words, now and then, he severs asunder the confusion; shears down, were it furlongs deep, into the true centre of the matter: and there not only hits the nail on the head, but with crushing force smites it home, and buries it. Carlyle. 2. To turn aside; to deviate; to sheer. See SHEER. Shear (shēr), n. 1. An instrument to cut with. Chaucer. (Now exclusively used in the plural. See SHEARS.)-2. A year as applied to the age of a sheep, denominated from the yearly shearing; as, sheep of one shear, of two shears, &c. (Local.) Shear-bull (shēr bil), r. À bird, the black skimmer or cut-water (Rhyncops nigra). See SKIMMER. Sheard (sherd), n. A shard. See SHARD. Shearer (shēr'ér), n. 1. One that shears; as, a shearer of sheep.-2. In Scotland, one that reaps corn with a sickle; a reaper. Shear-hulk (shér hulk), n. Same as Sheer

hulk. Shearing (shēr'ing), n. 1. The act or operation of clipping or shearing by shears or by a machine; as, the shearing of metallic plates and bars; the shearing of the wool from sheep, or the pile, nap, or fluff from cloth.—2. The proceeds of the operation of clipping by shears; as, the whole shearing of a flock; the shearings from cloth.-3. Å sheep that has been but once sheared; a shearling. Youatt.-4. The act or operation of reaping. (Scotch.) — 5. In mining, the making of vertical cuts at the ends of a portion of an undercut seam of coal, serving to destroy the continuity of the strata and facilitate the breaking down of the mass. Shearing - machine (shēr'ing-ma-shēn), n. 1. A machine used for cutting plates and bars of iron and other metals.-2. A machine for shearing cloth, &c. Shearling (shērling), n. A sheep that has been but once sheared. Shearman (shēr'man), 1. One whose occu

pation is to shear cloth. Shak. Shears (shērz), n. pl. (From the verb.) 1. An instrument consisting of two movable blades with bevel edges, used for cutting cloth and other substances by interception between the two blades. Shears differ from scissors chiefly in being larger, and they vary in form according to the different operations they are called on to perform. The shears used by farriers, sheepshearers, weavers, &c., are made of a single piece of steel, bent round until the blades meet, which open of themselves by the elasticity of the metal - 2. Something in the form of the blades of shears; as, (a)t a pair of wings. Spenser. (6) An apparatus for raising heavy weights. See SHEERS.-3. The ways or track of a lathe, upon which the lathe head, poppet head, and rest are placed. Shear-steel (sher'stel), n. (So called from its applicability to the manufacture of cutting instruments, shears, knives, scythes, &c.] A kind of steel prepared by laying several bars of common steel together, and heating them in a furnace until they acquire the welding temperature. The bars are then beaten together and drawn out. The process may be repeated. – Single shear-steel and double shear-steel are terms indicating the extent to which the process has been carried. Shear -tail (shērtāl), n. A name given to some species of humming-birds; as, the slender shear-tail (Thaumastura enicura) and Cora's shear-tail (Thaumastura Coræ): so called on account of their long and deeply-forked tail. Shear - water (shēr'wa-ter), n. The name of several marine birds of the genus Puffinus, belonging to the petrel family, differing from the true petrels chiefly in having the tip of the lower mandible curved downward and the nostrils having separate openings. P. cinereus (the greater shear-water) is about 18 inches long. It is found on the south-west coasts of England and Wales. The Manx or common shear-water (P. an. glorum) is somewhat less in size, but is more common on the British coasts. It occurs also in more northern regions. There are


Manx Shear-water (P. anglorum). luscs, &c. The name is sometimes given to the skimmer (Rhynchops nigra). Sheat-fish (shētish), n. [G. scheid, schaid, schaidfisch.) One of the fishes of the family Siluridæ (which see). Sheath (shēth), n. [A. Sax, screth, sceath,

D. and L. G. schede, Dan. skede, Icel skilki skeithir (pl), G. scheide, a sheath; generally

referred to same root as shed, A. Sax. sceddan, to divide.] 1. A case for the reception of a sword or other long and slender instru. ment; a scabbard.-2. Any somewhat similar covering; as, (a) in bot. a term applied to a petiole when it embraces the branch from which it springs, as in grasses; or to a rudimentary leaf which wraps round the stem on which it grows, as in the scape of many endogenous plants. The cut shows part of the stem of a

grass (Anthoxanthrem Pucli) a, Sheath. with sheath a. (6) The wing

case of an insect.-3. A structure of loose stones for confining a river within its banks. Sheath (shēth),v.t. To furnish with a sheath. Sheath-bill (shēth'bil), n. See CHIONIDE Sheath-claw (shēth'kla), n. A kind of

lizard of the genus Thecadactylus. It is allied to the gecko, and in Jamaica is commonly called the croaking lizard, from its

curious call on the approach of night. Sheathe (shētu), v. t. pret. & pp. sheathed; ppr. sheathing. (From the noun, like Icel. skeitha, to sheathe.) 1. To put into a sheath or scabbard; to inclose, cover, or hide with a sheath or case, or as with a sheath or case ; as, to sheathe & sword or dagger.

The leopard ... keeps the claws of his fore-feet turned up from the ground, and sheathed in the skin of his toes.

N. Grre.
'Tis in my breast she sheathes her dagger now,

2. To cover up; to hide.
Her eyes, like marigolds, had sheathed their light.

3. To take away sharpness or acridness from:
to obviate the acridity of; to obtund or
blunt. They blunt or sheathe those sharp
salts.' Arbuthnot.-4. To protect by a casing
or covering; to case or cover, as with boards,
iron, or sheets of copper; as, to sheathe a

It were to be wished, that the whole navy through. out were sheathed as some are.

kalcign. -To sheathe the sword (fig.), to put an end to war or enmity; to make peace. It corresponds to the Indian phrase, to bury the hatchet. Sheathed (shērid), p. and a. 1. Put in a sheath; inclosed or covered with a case: covered; lined; invested with a membrane. 2. In bot. vaginate; invested by a sheath or cylindrical membranous tube, which is the base of the leaf, as the stalk or culm in grasses. Sheather (shēml'ér), n. One who sheathes. Sheathing (sheth'ing). n. 1. The act of one who sheathes.--2. That which sheathes; especially, a covering, usually thin plates of copper or an alloy containing copper, to protect a wooden ship's bottom from worms. 3. The material with which ships are sheathed; as, copper sheathing. Sheathing-nail (shērh'ing-nål), n. A castnail of an alloy of copper and tin, used for nailing on the metallic sheathing of ships. Sheathless (shěthles), a. Without a sheath

or case for covering: unsheathed. Sheath-winged (shēth'wingd), a. Having cases for covering the wings; coleopterous; as, a sheath-winged insect. Sheathy (shēth’i), a. Forming or resembling a sheath or case. Sir T. Browne.



est of all, and adapted for wild heathery hills and moors. Its wool is long but coarse, but its mutton is the very finest. The Welsh resembles the black-faced, but is less. Its mutton, too, is delicious, but its fleece weighs only about 2 lbs. The foreign breeds of sheep are exceedingly numerous, some of the more remarkable species being (a) the broad-tailed sheep (Ovis laticauda). common in Asia and Egypt, and remarkable for its large heavy tail, often so loaded with a mass of fat as to weigh from 70 to 80 lbs.; (6) the Iceland sheep, remarkable for having three, four, or five horns; (c) the fatrumped sheep of Tartary, with an accumulation of fat on the rump, which, falling down in two great masses behind, often en tirely conceals the tail; (d) the Astrakhan or Bucharian sheep, with the wool twisted in spiral curls, and of very fine quality; (e) the Wallachian or Cretan sheep, with very large, long, and spiral horns, those of the males being upright and those of the females at

Rocky Mountain Sheep (Ovis montana).

Sheave (shev). n. (O. D. schijve, Mod. D. Shed -line (shedlin), n. The summit line
schil. G. scheibe, a round slice, a disc. See of elevated ground, the line of the water-
SHIVE, which is a slightly different form of shed.
this word) 1. A grooved wheel in a block, Shed-roof (shed'röf), n. The simplest kind
mast, yard, &c., on which a rope works; of roof, formed by rafters sloping between a
the wheel of a pulley; a shiver.-2. A sliding high and a low wall. Called also a Pent-roof.
suteheon for covering a keyhole.

Sheel (shēl), v.t. To free from husks, &c.;
Sheave (shes), . t. To bring together into to sheal (Scotch.)
sheaves; to collect into a sheaf or into Sheel, Sheeling (shēl, shēl'ing), n. Same

as shealing (which see). Shes ved + (shevd), a. Made of straw. Shak. Sheeling-più (shēl'ing-hil), n. A knoll near Sbeave-hole (shev hol). n. A channel cut a mill, where the shelled oats were formerly in a mast, yard, or other timber, in which winnowed in order to free them from the to fix a sheave.

husks. (Scotch.) Shebander (sheb'an-dér), n. A Dutch East Sheen (shēn), a. (A. Sax. seine, scene, bright, India commercial officer.

clear, beautiful. From root of shine (which Shebeen (she-ben). n. (Probably an Irish see). ) Bright; shining; glittering; showy. term. An unlicensed house of a low char By fountain clear, or spangled starlight acter where excisable liquors are sold sheen.' Shak. (Poetical.) illegally.

Sheen (shēn), n. Brightness; splendour. Shebeener (she-bên'ér), n. One who keeps

The sheen of their spears was like stars on the sea. a shebeen.

Byron. Shebeening (shē-bēn'ing), n. The act or Sheen (shēn), v.i. To shine; to glisten. practice of keeping a shebeen; as, she was [Poetical and rare.) fined for shebeening

This town, Shechinah (she-kina), n. (Heb. shekinah,

That, sheening far, celestial seems to be. Byron. from anakan, to rest. The Jewish name Sheenly (shēn'li), adv. Brightly. Browning. for the symbol of the divine presence, which sheeny (shēn'i), a. Bright; glittering; shinrested in the shape of a cloud or visible lighting; fair. Sheeny heaven.' Milton. The over the mercy-seat. Written also Shekinah. sheeny summer morn.' Tennyson. (Poetical.) Shed (shed). vt pret. & pp. shed; ppr. shed Sheep (shēp), n. sing. and pl. (A.Sax. 8ceap, ding. (Probably two distinct verbs are here scêp, L.G. and D. schaap, G. schaf, a sheep. mixed up under one form, viz. A. Sax. sced The word is not found in Scandinavian, and dan, to separate, to disperse (see SHED, to the origin is uncertain. It has been referred separate), and A. Sax. sceddan, to shed to Bohem, skopec, a wether, lit. a castrated (blood), the latter cog, with 0. Fris. skedda, sheep, and Diez recognizes a like connection to push, to shake; G. schütten, to shed, to between Fr. mouton and L. mutilus, mutispill, to cast; schütteln, to shake; L.G. lated. The common word for mutton in schudden, to shake, to pour; akin E. shud Italy is castrato.] 1. A ruminant animal of der.) 1. To cause or suffer to flow out; to the genus Ovis, family Capridæ, nearly pour out; to let fall: used especially with allied to the goat, and which is among the regard to blood and tears; as, to shed tears; most useful species of animals to man, as to shed blood. “Shed seas of tears.' Shak. its wool constitutes a principal material of

This is my blood of the new testament which is warm clothing, and its flesh is a great ar. shed for many for the remission of sins. Mat. xxvi.28. ticle of food. The skin is made into leather, He veeps like a wench that had shed her milk. which is used for various purposes. The


entrails, properly prepared and twisted, * To cast: to throw off, as a natural cover

serve for strings for various musical instruing; as, the trees shed their leaves in au

ments. The milk is thicker than that of cows, tumo; serpents shed their skin.-3. To emit;

and consequently yields a greater relative to give out; to diffuse; as, flowers shed their

quantity of butter and cheese. The sheep sweets or fragrance,

is remarkable for its harmless temper and All beaven,

its timidity. The varieties of the domestic And happy constellations on that hour

Shad their selectest influence. Milton. sheep (Ovis aries) are numerous, but it is 4. To cause to flow off without penetrating;

not certainly known from what wild species

these were originally derived. Some at any & a roof or a covering of oiled cloth, or the like, is said to shed water.-5. To sprinkle;

rate of the domesticated breeds, more espeto intersperse. Her hair... is shed with

cially the smaller short-tailed breeds, with ray.' B. Jonson.

crescent-shaped horns, appear to be de(Rare.) Shed (shed), c.i. To let fall seed, a covering

scended from the wild species known as the

Moufflon (which see). The principal varieor envelope, &c.

ties of the English sheep are the large LeiWhite oats are apt to shed most as they lie, and black as they stand.


cester, the Cotswold, the South-down, the

Cheviot, and the blackfaced breeds. The Shed (shed). n. The act of shedding. or

Leicester comes early to maturity, attains a causing to flow; used only in composition; great size, has a fine full form, and carries 23, bloodshed.

more mutton, though not of finest quality, Shed (shed). n. (O.E. shodde, shudde, Prov.

in the same apparent dimensions, than any Eshod, shud, a hut, a hovel, probably from

other; wool not so long as in some, but cona root meaning to defend or protect; comp.

siderably finer-weight of fleece 7 to 8 lbs. &w.skydd, a defence, skydda, to defend; Dan.

The Cotswolds have been improved by crossakytte, to protect, to shelter; G. schützen, to

ing with Leicesters. Their wool is fine, and defend. Or the original meaning may have

mutton fine-grained and full-sized. Southbeen a sloping roof or penthouse to shed off

downs have wool short, close, and curled; the rain. 1 1. A slight or temporary build

and their mutton is highly valued for its ing; a penthouse or covering of boards, &c.,

flavour. They attain a great size, the quarfor shelter: a poor house or hovel; a hut; an

ter often weighing 25 to 30 lbs., and someouthouse. The first Aletes born in lowly

times reaching to 40 or 50. All the preceding shed. Fairfar.

require a good climate and rich pasture. Here various kinds, by various fortunes led,

The Cheviot is much hardier than any of Commence acquaintance underneath a shed. Shak.

the preceding, and is well adapted for the 2 A large open structure for the temporary green, grassy hills of Highland districts. storage of goods, &c.; as, a shed on a whart; a railway shed. Shed (shed ), et. (A. Sax. sceâdan, D. and G. echeiden, Goth. skaidan-to separate, to divide, froin same root as L.scindo, Gr.schizo, to cleave. Hence sheading. See also the other SAED, 0.1.) To separate; to divide : to part; as, to shed the hair. [Provincial English and Scotch.) Shed (ehed), n. (An old term, but in meaning 1 now only provincial, more especially scotch. See SHED, to separate.] 1. A divislon; parting; as, the shed of the hair; the Watershed of a district. -2. In weaving, the interstice between the different parts of the wary of a loom through which the shuttle pares.-3. The slope of a hill. Shedder (shed'er). n. One who sheds or

Broad-tailed Sheep (Ovis laticanda). canges to flow out; as, a shedder of blood. Ezek xviii. 10.

The wool is short, thick, and fine. They Shedding (shed'ing). n. 1. The act of one possess good fattening qualities, and yield that sheds -2 That which is shed or cast off. excellent mutton. The black-faced is hardi

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sive modesty or diffidence; mean timorous are shining oval bodies, like the pips of out ship fitted with sheers or apparatus to ness.

small apples, which are to be seen attached fix or take out the masts of other ships. Sheepishness and ignorance of the world are not by the pointed end to the wool of the sheep. See SHEERS. consequences of being bred at home. Locke. From these issue the tick, which is horny, Sheep-laurel (shēp'lą - rel), n. A small

bristly, and of a rusty ochre-colour, and North American evergreen shrub of the

destitute of wings. It fixes its head in the genus Kalmia (K. angustifolia), nat. order

skin of the sheep, and extracts the blood, Ericaceae. Like many other plants of the

leaving a large round tumour. Called also heathwort order, it has been introduced

Sheep-louse. into our gardens, and is deservedly a fav.

Sheep-walk (shēp'wąk), n. A pasture for ourite. It has received this name, as well

sheep; a tract of some extent where sheep as that of Lambkill, from its leaves and

feed. See SHEEP-RUN. shoots being deleterious to cattle.

Sheep-wash (shēp' wosh), n. A wash or Sheep-louse (shēp'lous), n. Same as Sheep

smearing substance applied to the fleece or tick.

skin of sheep either to kill vermin or to preSheep-market (shēpmär-ket), n. A place

serve the wool. where sheep are sold.

Sheep - whistling (shēp - whis'ling), a. Sheep - master (shēp'mas - tér), n. An

Whistling after sheep; tending sheep. An owner of sheep.

old sheep-whistling rogue, a ram-tender.

Shak. I knew a nobleman in England that had the greatest Sheepy (shēp'i), a. Pertaining to or reaudits of any man in my time; a great grazier, a great sheep-master, a great timber man, &c. Bacon. I

sembling sheep; sheepish. Chaucer.

Sheer (shēr), a. [A. Sax. scir, pure, clear, Sheep-pen (shēp'pen), n. An inclosure for

bright, glorious; Icel. skirr, skærr, bright, sheep; a sheepfold.

clear, pure, skyrr, clear, evident; Goth. Sheep-run (shēp'run), n. A large tract of

skeirs. beautiful, clear, evident; G. schier, grazing country fit for pasturing sheep. A

free from knots; probably from root of shine. sheep-run is properly more extensive than

In meaning 4, however, the root is no doubt a sheep-walk. It seems to have been ori.

that of shear, A. Sax. sceran, to cut, to diginally an Australian term.

vide, and this word might even explain the Sheep's-bane (shēps'bán), n.

senses given under 2. Comp. downright, and to the common pennywort (Hydrocotyle Sc. 'even down' in such phrases as 'even

Sheer-hulk. vulgaris), because it was considered a fruit

down nonsense,' 'the even down truth.') ful cause of rot in sheep.

1. Pure; clear; separate from anything for- Sheerly,t (shēr'li), adv. At once; quite; abSheep's - beard (shēps' bērd), n. A name

eign. Thou sheer immaculate and silver solutely. Beau. & F. common to all the species of composite

fountain' Shak. - 2. Being only what it sheer-mould (shēr'möld), n. In ship-buildplants of the genus Tragopogon.

seems to be; unmingled; simple; mere; downSheep's-bit (shēps' bit), n. A plant of

ing, a long thin plank for adjusting the right; as, sheer falsehood, sheer ignorance, ram-line on the ship's side, in order to form the genus Jasione, the J. montana. See sheer stupidity, &c.

the sheer of the ship. One of its edges is JASIONE

Here is a necessity, on the one side, that I should do curved to the extent of sheer intended to Sheep's-eye (shēps'i), n. A modest, diffident that which on the other side, it appears to be a sheer im

be given. look; a wishful glance; a leer. possibility that I should even atteurpt. De Quincey.

Sheer-plan (shēr'plan), n. In ship-building, Those (eyes) of an amorous, roguish look derive their 3. Applied to very thin fabrics of cotton or

same as Sheer-draught. title even from the sheep: and we say such an one has

muslin; as, sheer muslin. - 4. Straight up Sheers (shērz), n. pl. A kind of hoisting a sheep's-eye, not so much to denote the innocence as the simple slyness of the cast.

and down; perpendicular; precipitous. 'A

apparatus used in masting or dismasting sheer precipice of a thousand feet.' J. D.

ships, putting in or taking out boilers. - To cast a sheep's-eye, to direct a wishful Hooker.

mounting or dismounting guns, &c., and or leering glance.

It was at least

consisting of two or more pieces of timber For your sanctified look I'm afraid

Nine roods of sheer ascent. Wordsworth.

or poles erected in a mutually inclined posiThat you cast a sheep's-eye on my ladyship's maid. Sheert (shēr), adv. (See above; and comp.

tion, and fastened together near the top. Swin.

G. schier, at once, immediately. ) Clean; Sheep-shank (shēp'shangk), n. Naut. a

their lower ends being separated to form an quite; right; at once. Sturdiest oaks ...

extended base. The legs are steadied by kind of knot or hitch, or bend, made on a

torn up sheer.' Milton. rope to shorten it temporarily.

guys, and from the top depends the neces. Sheep's-head (shēps'hed), n. 'A fish (Sparus

Due entrance he disdain'd, and in contempt,

sary tackle for hoisting. Permanent sheers,

At one slight bound high overleap'd all bound ovis) caught on the shores of Connecticut

in dockyards, &c., are sloped together at

or hill or highest wall, and sheer within and of Long Island, so called from the re

the top, and crowned with an iron cap Lights on his feet.

Milton. semblance of its head to that of a sheep. |

bolted thereto. They are now usually Sheert (shēr), v. t. To shear. Dryden. It is allied to the gilthead and bream, and

mounted on a wharf, but were formerly Sheer (shēr), v. i. (A form of shear.) To deesteemed delicious food

placed on an old ship called a sheer-hulk. cline or deviate from the line of the proper

The apparatus is named from its resem. Sheep-shearer (shēp'shēr-ėr), n. One that course: to slip or move aside; as, a ship

blance, in form, to a cutting shears. shears or cuts off the wool from sheep. sheers from her course. - To sheer alongGen. xxxviii. 12.

Sheer-strake (shēr'strák), n. In ship-build

side, to come gently alongside any object. Sheep-shearing (shēp'shēr-ing), n. 1. The

ing, the strake under the gunwale in the -To sheer off, to turn or move aside to a

top-side. Called also Paint - strake. See act of shearing sheep. -2. The time of distance; to part or separate from; to move

STRAKE. shearing sheep; also, a feast made on that off or away.-To sheer up, to turn and ap- Sheer-water (shér'wa-ter),n. Same as Shearoccasion. proach to a place or ship.

water. I must go buy spices for our sheep-shearing. Shak, Sheer (shēr), 12. 1. The curve which the line

ne Sheet (shēt), n. [A. Sax. scéte, a sheet, a Sheep-silver (shēp'sil-ver), n. 1. A sum of of ports or of the deck presents to the eye

flap or loose portion of a garment, also when viewing the side of a ship. When these money anciently paid by tenants to be re

sceút, corner, part, region, covering, sheet, leased from the service of washing the lord's lines are straight or the extremities do not

sceata, scyte, the lower part of a sail, a sheep.-2. The Scotch popular name of mica. rise, as is most usual, the ship is said to have

sheet, all from sceótan, to shoot, dart, cast, Sheep-skin (shēp'skin), n. 1. The skin of a a straight sheer. - To quicken the sheer, in

extend; sceat corresponds to Icel. skaut, sheep, or leather prepared from it. -2. A ship-building, to shorten the radius which

the corner of a piece of cloth, skirt, diploma, so named because commonly enstrikes out the curve. - To straighten the

the sheet of a sail; Goth. skauts, a border. sheer, to lengthen the radius.-2. The posi. graved on parchment prepared from the

a hem. (See SHOOT.) The root-meaning there. skin of the sheep. [Colloq.] tion in which a ship is sometimes kept at

fore is something shot out or extended.) Sheep-split (shēp'split), n. The skin of a single anchor to keep her clear of it. - To

1. A broad, large, thin piece of anything. break sheer, to deviate from that position. sheep split by a knife or machine into two

as paper, linen, iron, lead, glass, &c.; spe3. The sheer-strake of a vessel. sections.

cifically, (a) a broad and large piece of Sheep's-sorrel (shēps'sor-el), n. An herb Sheer-batten (shēr' bat-n), n. 1. Naut.

cloth, as of linen or cotton, used as part of a batten stretched horizontally along the (Rumex Aceto

the furniture of a bed. (6) A broad piece of shrouds and seized firmly above each of sella), growing

paper, either unfolded as it comes from the their dead-eyes, serving to prevent the naturally on

manufacturer, or folded into pages; the dead-eyes from turning at that part. Also poor, dry, gra

quantity or piece of paper which receives termed a Stretcher. -2. In ship-building, velly soil.

the peculiar folding for being bound in a a strip nailed to the ribs to indicate the Sheep - stealer

position of the wales or bends preparatory

book, or for common use as writing paper. (shēp'stel-ér), n.

Sheets of paper are of different sizes, as One that steals to those planks being bolted on

royal, demy, foolscap, &c. (c) pl. A book or sheep. Sheer-draught (shēr' dräft), n. In ship

pamphlet. building, the plan of elevation of a ship; a Sheep-stealing

To this the following shects are intended for a full (shēp'stél-ing),n. sheer-plan.

and distinct answer.

Waterland. The act of stealSheer-hooks (shēr'höks). n. An instru

(d) A sail. (Poetical.) ing sheep. ment with prongs and hooks placed at the

Fierce Boreas drove against his flying sails, Sheep - tick

And rent the sheets.

Dryden. (shēp'tik), n.

2. Anything expanded ; a broad expanse or The Melophagus

surface; as, a sheet of water; a sheet of ice. ovinus, a well

'Such sheets of fire, such bursts of horrid known dipter - Sheep-tick (natural size and

thunder.' Shak. -- 3. Naut. a rope fastous insect bemagnified).


ened to one or both the lower corners of a longing to the

sail to extend and retain it in a particular family Hippoboscidæ, extremely common in extremities of the yards of fire-ships to en situation. In the square sails above the pasture-grounds about the commencement tangle the enemy's rigging, &c.

courses the ropes attached to both clues are of summer. The pupo laid by the female sheer-hulk (shér hulk), n. An old worn called sheets; in all other cases the weather. SHEET



Colouare such stead of 0-0), n.

most one is called a tack. When a ship sails with a side-wind the lower corners of the main and fore sails are fastened with a tack and a sheet The stay-sails and studding. uits have only one tack and one sheet each. -4 sheet in the wind, somewhat tipsy. [Colloq)

Though S. might be a thought tipsy-4 skeet or so in the ard-he was not more tipsy than was custosary with him.

-Three sheets in the wind, tipsy; intoxicated.
Collog In sheets, lying flat or expanded;
not folded, or folded but not bound : said
especially of printed pages. -Sheet is often
Ilaed in composition to denote that the sub-
stance to the name of which it is prefixed is
in the form of sheets or thin plates; as, sheet-
lead, sheet-glass, &c.
Sheet (shet). ut 1. To furnish with sheets
2 To fold in a sheet; to shroud. The
cheeted dead.' Shak-3. To cover, as with
a sheet; to cover with something broad and

Like the staz, when snow the pasture sheets,
The bark of trees thoa browsed'st. Shak.

To heet home (naut to haul home a
sheet or extend the sail till the clue is close
to the sheet block.
Sheet-anchor (shēt'ang-ker), n. (Originally
written Shote-anchor, that is, the anchor
shot, or thrown out for security or preserva-
tion) I The largest anchor of a ship, which
is shot out in extreme danger. Hence-
2 Fig. the chief support; the last refuge for
safety: as, be dabbled in literature, but law
was his sheet-anchor.
Sheet - cable (shēt kā-bl). n. The cable
attached to the sheet-anchor, which is the
strongest and best in the ship.
Sheet-copper (shēt kop-pér), n. Copper in
broad thin plates
Sheetful (shétful). n. As much as a sheet
contains; enough to fill a sheet.
Sheet-glass (shet'glas), n. A kind of crown-
glasa made at first in the form of a cylinder,
which is cat longitudinally and placed in a
furnace, where it opens out into a sheet
under the influence of heat.
Sheeting (shet'ing). 7 1. Cloth for sheets.
2 A lining of timber or metal for protection
of a river bank.
Sheeting - pile (shēting-pil), n. Same as

Sheet - Iron (shēt'i-érn), . Iron in sheets

or broad thin plates.
Sheet-lead (shét'led), n. Lead formed into
Sheet-lightning (shēt lit-ning), 1. Light-
ning appearing in wide expanded flashes, as
opposed to foriced lightning. Like sheet-
lightning, ever brightening. Tennyson.
Sheet- pile (shët pil), n. A pile, generally
formed of thick plank, shot or jointed on
the edge, and sometimes grooved and
tongued, driven between the main or gange
piles of a cofferdam or other hydraulic work,
to inclose the space either to retain or ex-
clude water, as the case may be.
Shefe, t . A sheaf; a bundle; a sheaf of

arrow Chaucer.
Sheik (shek or shak), n. (Ar., an old man, an
elder 1 A title of dignity properly belonging
to the chiefs of the Arabic tribes or clans. The
heads of monasteries are sometimes called
theiks among the Mohammedans, and it is
also the title of the higher order of religious
persons who preach in the mosques. The
sheik-ul-Islam is the chief mufti at Con-
stantinople. The name is now widely used
among Moslems as a title of respect or re-
Shetl, Sheiling (shēl, shēl'ing), 1. Same as

sheildrake (shéldrik), 1. Same as Shel-

Shekarty (she-kari), n. A name given in

Hindustan to a hunter. Same as Shikaree.
Shekel (shek'el), n. (Heb., from shakal, to
Weigh) An ancient weight and coin among
the Jews and other nations of the same
stock Dr. Arbuthnot makes the weight to
bare been equal to 9 dwts. 29 grs. Troy
weight, and the value 28. 31d. sterling,
others make its value 28. 6d. sterling.
The golden shekel was worth £1, 168. 6d.
sterling. The shekel of the sanctuary was
123el in calculating the offerings of the
temple, and all sums connected with the
sacred law. It differed from the common
shekel, and is supposed to have been double
ita value
Shekinah (she-ki'na). n. See SHECHINAH.
Sheld (sheld),a. Speckled: piebald. [Local.)
Sheld, n. A shield. Chaucer,

Sheldafle, Sheldaple (sheld'a-fi, sheld'a-pl), ordnance they are, with a few notable ex

1. A chaffinch. Also written Shell-apple. ceptions, made cylindrical with a conoidal
Shelde. t n. A French crown, so called from point See BOMB.
having on one side the figure of a shield. Shell (shel), v.t. 1. To strip or break off the

shell of; to take out of the shell: as, to
Sheldrake, Shieldrake (shel'drāk, shēl'. shell nuts or almonds.--2. To separate from
dräk), n. 10. E. sheld, a shield, and drake: the ear; as, to shell maize.-3. To throw
Icel. skjöldungr, from skjöldr, a shield. There bomb-shells into, upon, or among; to bom-
is a somewhat shield-shaped chestnut patch bard; as, to shell a fort, a town, &c.
on the breast. But it is not certain that this

(Sir Colin Campbell) will batter down their mudis the origin of some of the forms of the name; walls and shell their palaces. W. H. Russell. thus the Orkney names skeel-duck, skeel.

Shell (shel), vi. goose, and sly-goose, lead to Icel. skilja, to

1. To fall off, as a shell. discriminate, to understand; Sc. skeely, wise;

crust, or exterior coat. -2. To cast the shell E. skill.) A name given to two species of

or exterior covering; as, nuts shell in fallBritish ducks, namely, the common shel

ing.-To shell out, to give up, hand over drake (Tadorna vulpanser or Anas tadorna)

money, &c.; as, the rogues compelled him and the ruddy sheldrake (Casarka rutila).

to shell out. (Colloq.) They are handsome birds, and remarkable

Shellac (shellak), n. Same as Shell-lac. for the singular construction of the wind

Shell-apple (shel'ap-1), n. 1. A local name pipe, which is expanded just at the junction

for the common crossbill (Loxia curvirosof the two bronchial tubes into two very

tra).-2. The chaffinch. thin horny globes. They are sometimes

Shell-bark (shelbärk), n. A species of called burrow-ducks, from their habit of

hickory (Carya alba), whose bark is loose making their nests in rabbit-burrows in

and peeling. This species produces a palatsandy soil. Also written Shelldrake, Sheil

able nut. Called also Shag-bark. drake.

Shell-bit (shelbit), n. A boring tool used

with the brace in boring wood. It is shaped Shelduck (shelduk), n. The female of the sheldrake. See SHELDRAKE.

like a gouge; that is, its section is the seg.

ment of a circle, and when used it shears Shelf (shelf), n. pl. Shelves (shelvz). (A. Sax. scelte, scylfe, a shelf; Icel. skjálf, a

the fibres round the margin of the hole, and bench; Sc. skell, a shelf, skelb, skelve, a

removes the wood almost as a solid core. splinter, a thin slice, skelve, to separate in

Shell-board (shel'bord), n. A frame placed laminæ. The root is probably that of shell,

on a wagon or cart for the purpose of carshale, scale.] 1. A board or platform of boards

rying hay, straw, &c. elevated above the floor, and fixed horizon

Shell-button (shel'but-n). n. A hollow but

ton made of two pieces of metal, one for the tally to a wall or on a frame apart, for hold

front and the other for the back, usually ing vessels, books, and the like; a ledge. -2. A rock or ledge of rocks in the sea, ren

covered with silk; also a button formed of dering the water shallow and dangerous to

mother-of-pearl shell.

Shell-cameo (shel'kam-e-6), n. A cameo cut ships; a shoal or sandbank. "On the tawny

on a shell instead of a stone. sands and shelves.' Milton.

The shells

used are such as have the different layers of God wisheth none should wreck on a strange shelf.

colour necessary to exhibit the peculiar B. Monson.

effects produced by a cameo. 3. A projecting layer of rock on land: a

Shelldrake (shel'drák), n. Same as Shelstratum lying horizontal.-4. In ship-build.

drake. ing, an inner timber following the sheer of

Shellduck (shel'duk), n. Same as Shelthe vessel and bolted to the inner side of

duck, ribs, to strengthen the frame and sustain

Shelled (sheld), p. and a. 1. Deprived of the deck-beams. - To put or lay on the shelf,

the shell; having cast or lost its shell. to put aside or out of use; to lay aside, as from duty or active service.

For duller than a shelled crab were she.

3. Baillie. Shelf (shelf), v.t. To place on a shelt; to fur

2. Provided with a shell or shells. nish with shelves. More usually written

Sheller (shel'ér), n. A machine for stripShelve (which see).

ping the kernel from the stalk of Indian Shelfy (shelf'i), a. Full of shelves; (a)abound

corn. ing with sandbanks or rocks lying near the

Shell-fish (shel'fish), n. A mollusc, whose surface of the water, and rendering naviga

external covering consists of a shell, as oystion dangerous; as, a shelfy coast. (0) Full

ters, clams, &c.; an animal whose outer of strata of rock; having rocky ledges crop

covering is a crustaceous shell, as the lobping up. So shely that the corn hath

much ado to fasten its root. Rich. Careu.

Shell-flower (shel'flou-er), n.
Shell (shel), n.

A perennial (A. Sax. ecel, scell, Icel.

plant of the genus Chelone, formerly reskel. D. schel, G. schale, husk, shell, peel;

garded as a distinct species (C bra), but Goth. skalja, a tile; same root as shale,

now recognized as a form of C. obliqua, with seale, skillA. Sax. scylan, Icel. skilja, to

an upright branching stem bearing terminal separate. See SCALE.) 1. A hard outside

spikes of flowers with an inflated tubular covering, particularly that serving as the

corona. Called also Snake-head and Turtlenatural protection of certain plants and

head. See CHELONE. animals; as, (a) the covering or outside

Shelling (shel'ing), n. (From shell.) A compart of a nut. (b) The hard organized sub

mercial name for groats. Simmonds. stance forming the skeleton of many inver

Shell-gun (shel'gun), n. A gun or cannon tebrate animals, which is usually external,

fitted for throwing bombs or shells. as in most molluscs, as the clam, the snail,

Shell-jacket (shel'jak-et), n. An undress and the like: but sometimes internal, as in

military jacket some cephalopodous molluscs, like the Spi

Shell-lac (shellak). n. Seed-lac melted and rula. (c) The hard covering of some verte

formed into thin cakes. See LAC. brates, as the armadillo, tortoise, and the

Shell-lime (shellim), n. Lime obtained by like; & carapace. (d) The covering or out

burning sea-shells. side layer of an egg.-2. Any framework or

Shell-limestone (shellim-stön), n. Muschexterior structure regarded as not being

elkalk (which see). completed or filled in; as, the shell of a

Shell-marl (shel'märl), n. A deposit of house. --- 3. Any slight hollow structure or

clay and other substances mixed with shells, vessel incapable of sustaining rough hand

which collects at the bottom of lakes. ling; as, that boat is a mere shell.-4. A kind

Shell-meat (shel'mēt). n. Some kind of of rough coffin; or a thin interior coffin in

edible provided with a shell. (Rare.) closed by the more substantial one. --5. Outward show without inward substance. This

Shellmeats may be eaten after foul hands without

Fuller. outward shell of religion.'

any harm.

Ayliffe.-6. The outer portion or casing of a block which is Shell-proof (shel'pröf), a. Proof against mortised for the sheave, and bored at right shells; impenetrable by shells; bomb-proof; angles to the mortise for the pin, which as, a shell-proof building. forms the axle of the sheave.-7. T'he outside Shell-road (shel'rõd), n. A road, the upper plates of a boiler.-S. A musical instrument stratum of which is formed of a layer of such as a lyre, the first lyre being made, ac broken shells. cording to classic legend, of strings drawn I Shell-sand (shel'sand). n. A name given to over a tortoise-shell. When Jubal struck | the triturated shells of mollusca, constitutthe corded shell." Dryden.-9. An engraved ing in a great measure the beach in some locopper roller used in calico print-works. calities. Such sand is much prized as a fer10. A hollow projectile containing a bursting tilizer. charge, which is exploded by & time or per Shellum (shel'um), n. Same as Skellum. cussion fuse. Shells are usually made of [Old English and Scotch.) cast-iron or steel, and for mortars or smooth Shell-work (shel' werk). n. Work combore cannon are spherical, but for rifled posed of shells or adorned with them.

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Shelly (shel'i), a. 1. Abounding with shells;
covered with shells; as, the shelly shore.
Go to your cave, and see it in its beauty,
The billows else may wash its shelly sides.

7. Baillie. 2. Consisting of a shell or shells. As the snail . . . shrinks backward in his shelly cave.' Shak. Shelter (shel'ter), n. (From O.E. sheld,

A. Sax. sceld, scyld, a shield (whence scyldan, gescyldan, to protect, to defend). Allied to Icel. skjól, Dan. and Sw, skjul, a covering, a shelter; Skr. skou, to cover) 1. That which covers or defends from injury or annoyance; a protection; as, a house is a shelter from rain: the foliage of a tree is a shelter from the rays of the sun.

The healing plant shall aid,
From storms a shelter, and from heat a shade.

Pope. 2 A place or position affording cover or protection; protection ; security. Who into shelter takes their tender bloom.' Young.

I will bear thee to some shelter. Shak. Shelter (shel'ter), v. t. 1. To provide shelter for; to cover from violence, injury, annoy. ance, or attack; to protect; to harbour; as, a valley sheltered from the north wind by a mountain. The weeds which his broadspreading leaves did sheller.' Shak. Those ruins shelter'd once his sacred head.

Dryden. We besought the deep to shelter us. Milton. 2. To place under cover or shelter; as, we sheltered our horses below an overhanging rock: often with the reflexive pronouns; to betake one's self to cover or a safe place. They sheltered themselves under a rock.

Abp. Abbot. 3. To cover from notice; to disguise for protection. In vain I strove to check my growing flame,

Or shelter passion under friendship's naine. Prior. Shelter (shel'ter), v.i. To take shelter.

There the Indian herdsman, shunning heat,
Shelters in cool.

Milton, Shelterless (shel'tér-les), a. Destitute of shelter or protection; without home or refuge.

Now sad and shelterless perhaps she lies,

Where piercing winds blow sharp. Rowe. Sheltery (shel'ter-i), a. Affording shelter. . The warm and sheltery shores of Gibraltar.' Gilbert White. [Rare.] Sheltie (shel'ti), n. A small but strong horse in Scotland; so called from Shetland, where it is produced. Shelve (shelv), v.t. pret. & pp. shelved; ppr. shelving. 1. To place on a shelf or on shelves; hence, to put aside out of active employment, or out of use; to dismiss; as. to shelve a question, a person, or claim. — 2. To furnish with shelves. Shelve (shelv), v.i. (See SHELF.) To slope. like a shelf or sandbank; to incline; to be sloping.

We must imagine a precipice of more than a hundred yards high on the side of a mountain, which shelves away a mile above it.

Goldsmith. Shelve (shelv), n. A shelf or ledge. “On a

crag's uneasy shelve.' Keats. (Rare.) Shelving (shelv'ing), p. and a. Inclining; sloping; having declivity.

Amidst the brake a hollow den was found,
With rocks and shelving arches vaulted round,

Addison. Shelving (shelving), n. 1. The operation of

fixing up shelves or of placing upon a shelf or shelves.-2. Materials for shelves: the shelves of a room, shop, &c., collectively. 3. A rock or sandbank lying near the surface of the sea. Dryden. Shelvy (shelv'i), a. Full of rocks or sandbanks; shallow. See SHELFY.

I had been drowned but that the shore was shelvy and shallow.

Shak. Shemering, n. [See SHIMMER.) An im

perfect light; a glimmering Chaucer. Shemite (shem'it), n. A descendant of

Shem, the oldest son of Noah. Shemitic, Shemitish (shem-it'ik, shem-it'ish), a. Pertaining to Shem, the son of Noah. See SEMITIO. Shemitism (shem'it-izm), n. Same as Semi

tism Shendt (shend), v.t. pret. & pp. shent. (A. Sax. scendan, to shame, slander, injure, from sceond, sceand, scand, shame: G. schande, Goth. skanda, shame.] 1. To injure, mar, or spoil. That much I fear my body will be shent.' Dryden.--2. To put to shame; to blame, reproach, revile, degrade, disgrace. The famous name of

knighthood foully shend.' Spenser.-3. To overpower or surpass.

She pass'd the rest as Cynthia doth shend
The lesser stars.

Spenser. Shendfullyt (shend'fyl-i), adv. Ruinously; disgracefully.

The enemyes of the lande were shendfully chasyd and utterly confounded.

Fabyан. Shendship, n. (See SHEND. ] Ruin; pun

ishment Chaucer. Shene,ta. (See SHEEN.) Bright; shining;

fair. Chaucer. She-oak (shē’ok), n. A peculiar jointed, leafless, tropical or sub-tropical tree, of the genus Casuarina (C. quadrivalvis), whose cones and young shoots, when chewed, yield a grateful acid to persons and cattle suffering from thirst. Sheol (shē'ol), n. A Hebrew word of frequent occurrence in the Old Testament, and rendered by the Authorized Version grave, hell, or pit. The word is generally understood to be derived from a root signifying hollow, and taken literally it appears to be represented as a subterranean place of vast dimensions in which the spirits of the dead rest. Sometimes the idea of retribution or punishment is connected with it, but never that of future happiness. Shepen, t n. (Prov. E. shippen, shippon, A. Sax. scypen, a stable, a stall.] A stable. Chaucer. Shepherd (shep'érd), n. [A. Sax. sceâp-hirde

-sheep and herd.] 1. A man employed in tending, feeding, and guarding sheep in the pasture. - 2. A pastor; one who exercises spiritual care over a district or community-Shepherd kings, the chiefs of a conquering nomadic race from the East who took Memphis, and rendered the whole of Egypt tributary. The dates of their invasion and conquest have been computed at from 2567 to 2500 B.O., and they are stated by some to have ruled for from 260 to 500 years, when the Egyptians rose and expelled them. Attempts have been made to connect their expulsion with the narrative in the book of Exodus. Called also Hycsos or Hyk-shos. - Shepherd's crook, a long staff having its upper end curved so to form a hook, used by shepherds.-Shepherd's dog, a variety of dog employed by shepherds to protect the flocks and control their movements. It is generally of considerable size, and of powerful lithe build; the hair thickset and wavy: the tail inclined to be long, and having a bushy fringe; the muzzle sharp, the eyes large and bright. The collie or sheep-dog of Scotland is one of the best known and most intelligent dogs of this wide-spread and useful variety. Shepherd's (or shepherd) tartan, (a) a kind of small check pattern in cloth, woven with black and white warp and weft. (6) A kind of cloth, generally woollen, woven in this pattern - generally made into shepherd's plaids, and often into trouserings, &c. Shepherd (shep'èrd), v.t. 1. To tend or guide, as a shepherd." (Poetical.)

White, fleecy clouds Were wandering in thick flocks along the mountains, Shepherded by the slow, unwilling wind. Shelley. 2. To attend or wait on; to gallant. 'Shepherding a lady.' Edin. Rev. Shepherdess (shep'èrd-es), n. A woman that tends sheep; hence, a rural lass. She put herself into the garb of a shepherdess.

Sir P. Sidncy. Shepherdia (shep-er'di-a), n. (After W. Shepherd, a botanist.) A genus of plants, nat. order Elæagnaceæ. The species are small shrubs, natives of North America, having opposite deciduous leaves with small flowers sessile in their axils. S. argentea, which has an edible scarlet fruit, is known in the United States as buffalo-berry. Shepherdisht (shep'erd-ish), a. Resembling a shepherd; suiting a shepherd; pastoral; rustic.

She saw walking from her ward a man in shepherd. ish apparel.

Sir P. Sidncy. Shepherdism (shep'érd-izm), n. Pastoral

life or occupation. [Rare.) Shepherdling (shep'èrd-ling), n. A little

shepherd. W. Browne. (Rare.) Shepherdlyt (shep'érd-li), a. Pastoral; rustic.

We read Rebekah, in the primitive plainness and shepherdly simplicity of those times, accepted brace. lets and other ornaments, without any disparagement to her virgin modesty.

ger. Taylor, Shepherd's - club (shep'erdz-klub ). n. A plant of the genus Verbascum, the V. Thapsus.

Shepherd's-needle (shep'erdz-né-dl), n. A plant of the genus Scandix, the S. Pecten

Veneris, or Venus's comb. See SCANDIX. Shepherd's-plaid (shep'erdz-plād), a. Woollen with black and white checks, after the pattern usual for shepherd's plaids. He wore shepherd's-plaid inexpressibles.' Dickens. Shepherd's - purse, Shepherd's - pouch (shep'èrdz-pers, shep'erdz-pouch), n. A plant of the genus Capsella, nat, order Cruciferæ. C. bursa-pastoris is a very common weed, of world-wide distribution, having simple or cut leaves, small white flowers, and somewhat heart-shaped pods. Shepherd's-rod, Shepherd's-staff (shep'érdz-rod, shep'érdz-staf), n. A plant of the genus Dipsacus, the D. pilosus. Shepstert (shep'stér), n. One that shapes;

a sem pstress. Caxton. Sherardia (sher-är'di-a), n. (In honour of

W. Sherard, a consul of Smyrna.) A genus of humble annuals of the order Rubiaceæ, distinguished by having a funnel-shaped corolla, and fruit crowned with the calyx. S. arvensis (field-madder) is the only British species. See FIELD-MADDER. Sherbet (sherbet), n. (Ar. sherbet, shorbet, sharbat. . This word, as well as sirup and shrub, is from the Ar. sharaba, to drink, to imbibe.) A favourite cooling drink in the East, made of fruit juices diluted with water, and variously sweetened and flavoured. Sherd (shérd), n. A fragment; a shard: in this form now occurring only as a compound; as, potsherd. The thigh ('tis called the knuckle-bone), which all in sherds it drove.' Chapman. Sheret (shēr), v.l. To shear; to cut; to

shave. Chaucer. Sheret (sher), a. (See SHEER.] Clear; pure;

unmingled. Spenser. Shereef, Sheriff (she-rēf", she-rif'), n. [Ar.)

1. A descendant of Mohammed through his daughter Fatima and Hassan Ibn Ali. Written variously Scherif, Sherrife, Cherif.-2. A prince or ruler; the chief magistrate of Mecca. Sherif (she-rif'), n. Same as Shereef. Sheriff (sher'it, n. A. Sax. scire-geréta, a shire-reeve-scire, a shire, and gereja, a governor, a reeve. See SHIRE and REEVE.) 1. In England, the chief officer of the crown in every county or shire, who does all the sovereign's business in the county, the crown by letters-patent committing the custody of the county to him alone. Sheriffs are appointed by the crown upon presentation of the judges in a manner partly regulated by law and partly by custom (see PRICKING); the citizens of London, however, have the right of electing the sheriffs for the city of London and the county of Middlesex. Those appointed are bound under a penalty to serve the office, except in specified cases of exemption or disability. As keeper of the queen's peace the sheriff is the first man in the county, and superior in rank to any nobleman therein during his office, which he holds for a year. He is specially intrusted with the execution of the laws and the preservation of the peace, and for this purpose he has at his disposal the whole civil force of the county-in old legal phraseology, the posse comitatus. The most ordinary of his functions, which he universally executes by a deputy called under-sheriff, consists in the execution of writs. The sheriff only per. forms in person such duties as are either purely honorary--for instance, attendance upon the judges on circuit- or as are of some dignity and public importance, such as the presiding over elections and the holding of county meetings, which he may call at any time.-2. In Scotland, the chief local judge of a county. There are two grades of sheriffs, the chief or superior sheriffs and the sheriffs - substitute (besides the lordlieutenant of the county, who has the honorary title of sheriff-principal), both being appointed by the crown. The chief sheriff, usually called simply the sheriff, may have more than one substitute under him, and the discharge of the greater part of the duties of the office now practically rests with the sheriffs-substitute, the sheriff being (except in one or two cases) a practising advocate in Edinburgh, while the sheriff substitute is prohibited from taking other employment, and must reside within his county. The civil jurisdiction of the sheriff extends to all personal actions on contract, bond, or obligation without limit, actions

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