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Wawe.t Wawt (wa), »• A wave. Spenser.

Wawlt (wal). v.i. To cry. See Waul.

Wawl, Waul (wal), v.i. [Perhaps akin to A. Sax wealwian, to roll, £. to wallow, or to >fit!' in wall-eyed.] To look wildly; to roll the eyes. [Scotch.]

He wawls on me with his grey een, like a wild cat.
Sir IK Scott.

Wawlle (wali), a. Same as Waly.

Wax (waks). u. [A. Sax. toeaz, 0 tracks, Icel. and Sw. tax, Dan. vox, D. vas; cog. PoL post, Rus. voska, Lith. WUlfctU—wax. Comp. L. viscum, G. ucos (fixos), mistletoe, birdlime] 1. A thick, viscid, tenacious substance, excreted by bees from their bodies, and employed in the construction of their cells; usually called Bees'wax. Its native colour is yellow, and it has a peculiar smell resembling honey, which is derived from the honey deposited in the cells. When bleached and freed from impurities, wax is white, brittle, and translucent in thin segments; it has neither taste nor smell; it has a specific gravity of from 0-960 to 0'960. It melts at 15ff and softens at 80", becoming so plastic that it may be moulded by the hand into any form. It is a mixture of three substances, called respectively myricin, cerotic acid, and cerolein, in very variable proportions. These substances are themselves composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Wax is extensively employed both in its original and bleached state; in the latter state it is used for candles, and in numerous cerates, ointments, and plasters. It is also used in forming figures or images, busts. Ac., in the preparation of anatomical models, in the preparation of artificial fruit, flowers, ■'v. In statuary it is used in making models for the metal cast.—2. Any substance resembling wax in appearance, consistence, plasticity, or other properties; as, (a) a vegetable product which may be regarded as a concrete fixed oil; the principal varieties being Chinese wax. cow-tree wax, Cuba wax, and Japan wax. It may be obtained from the pollen of many flowers, and it forms a part of the green fecula of many plants, particularly of the cabbage. It appears as & varnish upon the fruit and the upper surface of the leaves of many trees, as in the wax-palm and wax-myrtle. Called also Vegetable Wax. (b) A mineral product, one of certain fossil hydrocarbons which occur in small quantities generally in the carboniferous formation: culled more fully Mineral Wax. The most familiarly known variety is ozocerite (which see), (c) A thick tenacious substance excreted in the ear; earwax. (<f) A substance found on the hinder legs of bees, derived from the pollen of flowers. I Ins was long supposed to be the substance from which bees elaborated the wax for their cells, but this notion is now - found to be erroneous. The pollen collected by bees serves for the nourishment of their larvas (--I A substance used in sealing letters. See Sealing-wax. (/) A thick resinous substance used by shoemakers for rubbing their thread.

Wax (waks), v.t. To smear or rub with wax; to apply wax to; to treat with wax; as, to wax a thread or a table.

Wax (waks), v.i. pret. waxed; pp waxed or waxen (the latter perhaps now only poetical). [A. Sax. woiBn, to grow, to become; Icel. vaxa, Dan. vcexe, Sw. vdxa, O. wachsen, D wassen, to wax; allied to L. augeo, Skr. vakshdmi, to increase, to wax; from a root seen also in L. vigor, E. vigour, vegetable, Ac] 1. To increase in size; to grow; to become larger; as, the waxing and the waning moon. 'Waxed like a sea.' Shak.

Thou shall wax and he shall dwindle Tennyson.

2. To pass from one state to another; to become; as, to wax strong; to wax warm or cold; to wax feeble; to wax old. 'Waxen deaf.' Shak. 'Waxing pale for rage ' Fairfax.

Where young AdonU oft reposes,
Waxing well of his deep wound. Milton.

Waxing kernels, wax kernels, a popular name for small tumours caused by enlargement of the lymphatic glands, especially of children, from their being supposed to be associated with the growing or waxing of the body.

Wax (waks), n. A rage; a passion. 'She's in a terrible wax.' //. Kingttcy. [Slang.]

Wax-basket (waks'bas-ket), n. A fancy basket made of or coated with wax. Simmends.

Wax-bill (waks'btl), ft. A small finch, genus

Estrilda, Bo called from its beak being red

like wax. It is often kept in cages. Wax-candle (waks-kan'dl), ft. A candle

made of wax. Wax - chandler (waks'chand-ler), ». A

maker or seller of wax-candles. Wax-cloth (waks'kloth), n. A popular but

erroneous name for Floor-cloth (which see). Wax-doll (wakB'dol), n. A child's doll made

or partly made of wax. Waxen (wak'sn), a. 1 Made of wax; as,

tnzxen cells. — 2. Resembling wax; soft as


Men have marble, women waxen hearts. Shalt.

8 Covered with wax; as, a waxen tablet.

Waxen (wak'sn), old or poetical pp. of tvax, to grow. Gen. xix. 13.

Wax-end, Waxed - end (waks'end, wakst'end), n. A thread pointed with a bristle, and covered with rosin (shoemakers' wax), used in sewing boots and shoes.

Wax-flower (waks'flou-er), n. 1. A flower made of bees'-wax.—2. A plant of the genus Clusia, C. ijisignis. See Clusia.

Waxiness (wak'sf-nes), n. The state or quality of being waxy.

Wax-Insect (waks'in-sekt), n. A name given to several insects other than the bee which produce wax. The most important is a Bmall white Insect (Coccus sinensis or C. Pela), a native of China, closely allied to the cochineal insect, and which deposits its wax as a coating resembling hoar-frost on the branches of certain plants, particularly on those of a variety of sumach. Tin* wax, known as Chinese wax or pela, is collected from the plants, melted, and strained, and Is then made into a very fine kind of candles which are used by only the higher classes in China. It has been imported into England for candle manufacture, but is far too expensive for general use.

Wax-light (waks'lit), n. A taper made of wax Jfiir/ian.

Wax-modelling <waks-mod'el-ing). n. The art of forming models and figures in wax. Otherwise termed the Ceroplastw Art

Wax-moth (waks'motlO, n. A popular name given to various species of moths of the genera Ptychopoda, Emmelesia, Cabera, Ac.

Wax-myrtle (waks'mer-tl), n. Myrica cerifcra, or candleberry-tree See CANDLE


Wax-painting (waks'pant-ing), n. Encaustic painting. See Encaustic.

Wax-palm(waks'pilm),n. Aspeciesofpalm, the Ceroxylon atidicola, found in South America. It is a native of the Andes, and is found chiefly between 4° and 5* of north latitude, at an elevation of about 5000 feet

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the wax, usually mixed with bees'-wnx and tallow, is made i nto candles. The only other palm which exudes wax, and that in a sort of scales from the palmate leaves, Is the Carnauba palm, found plentifully in Brazil.

Wax-paper (waks'pa-per), n. A kind of paper prepared by spreading over its surface a coating made of white wax, turpentine, and spennaceti.

Wax-red (wak^red), a. Of a bright-red colour, resembling that of sealing-wax. 'Waxred lips.' Shak.

Wax-SCOt t(waks'skot), n. A duty anciently paid twice a year towards the charge of waxcandles in churches.

Wax-tree (waks'trtS), n, A name common to plants of the genus Vismia (which see).

Wax-Wing (waks'wing), «. The common name of the species of dentirostral birds of the genus Ampelis. They are so named because most of them have small, oval, horny appendages on the secondaries of the wings of the colour of red sealing-wax. Only three species have been recorded, viz. the Bohemian wax-wing or chatterer (A. garrula), a migratory bird, which has a wide geographical range, the American wax-wing or cedarbird (A. carolinensis), which is confined to North America, and the red-winged chatterer or Japanese wax-wing (A. phenicoptera), an Asiatic bird.

Wax-work (waks'werk), ft. 1. Work in wax; especially, figures formed of wax in imitation of real beings; also, anatomical preparations in wax, preparations in wax of fruit, flowers, Ac.—2. A place where a collection of such figures is exhibited.—3. A woody plant of the genus Celastrus (C. scandens\ nat. order Celastracere, found by the Bides of streams and in thickets. Its opening, orange-coloured pods, displaying the scarlet covering of the seeds, have a fine effect in autumn.

Wax-worker (waks'werk-er), n. 1. One who works in wax; a maker of wax-work.— 2. A bee which makes wax.

Waxy (wak'si), o. 1. Resembling wax in appearance, softness, plasticity, impressibility, adhesiveness, or other properties; hence, yielding; pliable; impressionable; soft 'That the softer, waxy part of you may receive some impression from this discourse.' Bammond.— 2. Made of wax; abounding in wax. — Waxy degeneration. Same as Amyloid Degeneration.

Way (wa), n. [O. E. teat, wet, wey, from A Sax. weg, a way, road, passage; Dan. vet, Sw, v<ig, Icel. vegr, D. and O. weg, Goth. vigs, way; from a root meaning to move, to go, to take, to carry; seen also in E. wagon, wain, L. via, a way (in viaduct), veho, to carry, whence vehiculum, a vehicle, velum, a sail (E. veil), vehemens, vehement, etc. Hence always, away, <fcc.] 1. A track or path along or over which one passes, progresses, or journeys; a place for passing; a path, route, rood, street, or passage of any kind.

The why is as plain as way to parish church. ShaJt. The season and ways were very improper for his majesty's forces to inarch so great a distance.


2. Length of space; distance. 'A good way on l>efore.' Tennyxon.

Thy servant will go a little way over Jordan.

t Sam. xix. 36. 3 A going, moving, or passing from one place to another; progression; transit; journey.

The Lord . . . will send his angel with thee, and prosper thy way. Gen. xxiv. 40.

4. Path or course in life.

The way of transgressors is hard. Prov xiii. 15.

6. Direction of motion, progress, or travel; course; relative position or motion to or from a certain point; tendency of action. "This way the coverlets, another way the sheets.' Shak. * Now sways it this way, . . . now sways it that way.' Shak. 'Which way looks he?' Shak. 'Turn thy edged sword another way.' Shak. — 6. Means by which anything is reached, attained, or accomplished; proceeding; course; scheme; device; plan.

By noble ways we conquest will prepare:
First offer peace, and that refused, make war.

7. Method or manner of proceeding; mode; fashion; style; as, the wrong or the right way of doing something.

I will one way or other make ynu amends. Shak, Cod hath so many times and wayi spoken to men. /looter.

His way of expressing and applying them, not his invention of them, is what we admire. Addison.




8. Usual mode of acting or behaving; mode of dealing; method of life or action; regular or habitual course or scheme of life; as, a person of peculiar way*.

All flesh had corrupted his way upon the earth.

G*M). VI. 12.

9. Resolved plan or mode of action or conduct; course approved of as one's own.

He was of an high mind, and loved his own will and his way as one thai revered himself and would reign indeed". Bacon.

If I had my way

He had mewed in flames at home. B. Jonson.

10. Sphere of observation.

The general officers and the public ministers that fell in my way were generally subject to the gout. Sir If. Temple.

11. Naut. (a) progress or motion through the water; as, a vessel is under way when site begins her motion, she gathers way when she increases her rate of sailing, and lost 8 way when the rate is diminished. (b) pi. The timbers on which a ship is launched, (c) pi Skids on which heavy packages are raised or lowered.—12. Way and ways are used in certain phrases in the sense of wise; as, he is no ways a match for his opponent.

'Tis no way the interest even of the priesthood. Pope.

To come one's way or ways, to come along, to come on: a phrase often encouragingly used when asking or inviting one to approach or accompany the speaker. tColloq.]

Come your waits (saieth he), for now are all things in a readinesse. UdalL

You must be watched ere you be made tame, must youf Come your ways, come your -ways. Shak.

—To give way (a), to break or fall, as under pressure or a strain; as, the floor gave way beneath our feet; the ice gave way beneath the skaters; the rope gave way and the boat drifted. (6) To make room for passing; to suffer to pass; hence, to give free scope; to recede; to yield; to submit; not to resist or hinder.

Open your gates and give the victors way. Shak.

Small to greater matters must f It* way. Shak.

The senate, forced to yield to the tribunes of the people, thought it their wisest course also to give way to the time. Swift.

—To go one's way or trays, to take oue's departure; to set out; to depart; to be off.

He declared to his friend that he was never guilty in the murdering of the man; and so he went his ways. Latimer.

The phrase, when addressed to others, sometimes implies reproach = be off! begone 1

Go thy -ways! I 'gin to be aweary of thee. Shak.

Sometimes, however, it is used as a term of exhortation or applause = well, take your own course.

Pctruchio, j;o thy nays, the field is won. Shak.

To go the way of all the earth, to die. 1 Ki. it 2.—To lead the way. to be the first or most advanced in a march, procession,

firogress, or the like; to act the part of a eauer, guide, &c.

He tried each art, reproved each dull delay.
Allured to better worlds, and led the way. Goldsmith.

—To make way, (a) to give room for passing; to open a clear passage; to stand aside; to move so as to Buit the convenience of another; to give place. 'Make way there for the princes.' Shak. (b) To open a path through obstacles; to overcome all resistance, hinderance, or difficulties; to penetrate.

With this little arm and this good sword

I have made my nay through more impediments

Than twenty times your stop. Shak.

Then her false voice made way broken with sobs.


To make one'* way, to find and keep a

successful career; to advance successfully;

to advance in life by one's own exertions.

The boy was to know his father's circumstances, and that he was to make his way by his own industry. Spectator.

—To take one's way, (a) to set out; to go.

They, hand in hand, with wandering steps and slow, Through Eden toot their solitary way. Milton.

(6) To follow one's own settled plan, course, opinion, inclination, or fancy.

Doctor, your service for this time is ended;
Takeyour own w.iy. Shak.

By the way, (a\m the course of the Journey, passage, or the like; on the road.

Sec that ye fall not out l<y the way. Gen. xlv. 34.

{b) In passing; without necessary connection with the main subject or purpose; parenthetically.

Note, by the way, that unity of continuance is easier to procure than unity of species. Bacon.

—By way of, as for the purpose of; as being; to serve as or in lieu of; as, he got a pension by way of recompense. In the way, in a

f>osition or of such a nature as to obstruct, mpede, hinder, or prevent; as, that meddling fellow is always in the way; there are some difficulties in the way; her long train is always in the way.—In the way of, so as to* meet or fall iu with; in a favourable position for doing or getting; as, I can put you in the way oj a good piece of business. —In thefamuy way, with child; pregnant. [Colloq.]—On the way, in going or travelling along; hence, in a progressive state; advancing towards completion or accomplishment.

Our wishes on the way
May prove effects. Shak.

Out of the way, (a) not in the proper course; in such a position or condition as to pass or miss one's object; in Buch a place or state as to be hindered, impeded, incommoded, or prevented; away from the mark; aside; astray.

We are quite out 0/ the way when we think that things contain within themselves the qualities that appear to us in them. Locke.

Men who go out of the way to hint free things must be guilty of absurdity or rudeness. Richardson. Don't put yourself out of the way on our accounts. Dickens.

(b) Not in its proper place or where it can be found or met with; hence, concealed, hidden, or lost

Is't lost? is't gone? speak, is it onto' the way t Shak.

(c) Not in the usual, ordinary, or regular course; out of the beaten track; hence, extraordinary; remarkable; striking; as, her beauty and accomplishments are nothing out of the way. [Colloq. J— Covered or covert way. See Coye&rd-yvay.— Milky Way. See GALAXY. — Jiight of way, in law, a privilege which an individual or particular description of persons may have of going over another's ground, subject to certain conditions, or sanctioned by the custom by virtue of which the right exists. A right of way may be claimed by prescription and immemorial usage, such right being absolute and indefeasable if proved to be used down to the time of the commencement of the action. It may also be granted by special permission, as when the owner of lands grants to another liberty of passing over his grounds to go to church, market, or the like, in which case the gift is confined to the grantee alone, and dies with him. Again, a right of way may arise by act and operation of law, as when a man grants a piece of ground in the middle of his field he at the same time tacitly and implicitly grants a way to come at it — Way of the rounds, in fort, a space left for the passage round between a rampart and the wall of a fortified town. — Way it and means, (a) methods; resources; facilities.

Then eythcr prince sought the wayes and meanys howe eytner of thcyni inyght discontent other.


(6) Specifically, in legislation, means for raising money; resources of revenue. — Committee of ways and means. See COMMITTEE.

Way.t Waye (wa), v.t To weigh; to esteem. Spenser.

Wayt (wa), v.t. 1. To go in, to proceed along.—2. To go or Journey to—3. To put in the way; to teach to go in the way; to break to the road: said of horses.

A horse that is not well wayed; he starts at every bird that flies out of a hedge. Setden.

Wayt (wa), v.i. To journey.

On a time, as they together wayed. Spettser.

Way-baggage (wa'bag-aj), u. The baggage or effects of a way-passenger on a railroud or in a stage-coach.

Way-bennet (wa'ben-net), n. A British plant of the genus Hordeum, the // wiurinum: called also Wall-barley. See HottDEUM.

Way-bill (waT>il). n. A list of the names of passengers who are carried in a public conveyance, or the description of goods sent with a common carrier by land.

'It's so on the way-bill; replied the guard.


Wayboard (waTidrd), n. A mining term now pretty generally used by geologists to designate the thin layers or bands that separate or define the boundaries of thicker strata. Thus, thick beds of limestone are separated by icayboards of slaty shale, sandstones are separated by wayboards of clay, these thin layers indicating the lines of

junction at which the strata separate or give way. Page.

Way-bread (wa'bred), n. [A. Sax. wegbrosde—uvg, a way, and breed, broad, from its being found growing on waysides, and from its broad leavea ] A name given to the herb plantain (Plantago major).

Way-doort (wa'dor), n. Street-door. Bp. Hall.

Wayfaret (wa'far), v.i. [Way and fare, to journey.] To journey; to travel.

A certain Laconian, as he wayfartd, cane to a place where there dwelt an old fnead of \\\-.


Wayfaret (wa'far). n. The act of wayfaring or journeying; travel.

Way-farer (wa'far-er), n. One who wayfares, journeys, or travels; a traveller; a passenger. Ilich. Carew.

Wayfaring (wa'far-ing), o. Being on a journey; travelling. Judg. xix. 17.

Moreover for the refreshing of waifarixg men, he ordained cups of yron or brasse to be fastened by such cleare wells and fountains as did runne by the waie's side. Sttne.

Wayfaring - tree (wa'far-ing-tre), n A shrub, a species of Viburnum, the Y. Lantana: called also Mealy Gelder-rose. See Viburnum.

Waygoing (wa'going), a. Going away; departing; of, pertaining to. or belonging to, one wYio goes away. — Waygoing crop, the crop which is taken from the land the year the tenant leaves a farm.

WaygOOSe (wa'goa). n. iThe forms xcayzgoose, waytngoose also occur, and the first part of the word seems to be G. weizen, weitzen, wheat, the term being probably borrowed from Germany. ] The name given to an annual dinner of the printers which originally took place during the period of wheat stubble. Jos. Moxon.

Waylay (wa-hV or wa'la), v.t. pret A pp. waylaid; ppr. waylaying. [Way and. lay.] To watch insidiously in the way, with a view to seize, rob, or slay; to beset in ambush: as, to waylay a traveller.

I will waylay thee going home, where if It be thy chance to kilt me . . . thou killest me like a rogue and villain. Shak.

Waylayer (wa-la'er or wala-er), n. One who waylays; one who waits for another in ambush, with a view to seize, rob, or slay him.

Way-leave (walev), n. Eight of way. See under Way.

Another thing that is remarkable is their way

leaves; for when men have pieces of ground between the colliery and the river, they sell leave to lead coals over their ground. Roger A'arth,

Wayless (walea), a. Having no way or path; pathless; trackless. Drayton.

Way-maker (wa'mak-er),n. Onewhomakes a way; a precursor. * Waymakers to the . . . restitution of the evangelical truth.' Bp. Hall.

Way-mark (wa'mark), n. A mark to guide in travelling. Jer. xxxi. 21.

Waymentt (wii'ment), v.i. [See Waiment.] To bewail; to lament

For what bootes it to weepe and wayment,


Waymentt (wa'ment), n. Lamentation. Spenser.

Way-pane (wa'pan), n. A slip left for cartage in watered laud. [Local.]

Way-passenger (wa'pas-en-jer), n. A passenger picked up by the way, that is, one taken up at some place intermediate between the regular or principal stopping places or stations.

Way-post (wa'post), n. Same as Fingerpost

You came to a place where three cross-roads divide.

Without any way-post stuck up by the side.

R. H. Barham

Way-Bhaft (wa shaft), n. In steam-engine*, the roekiug-shaft for working the slidevalve from the eccentric.

Wayside (wa'sid), «. The aide of the way; the border or edge of the road or highway. Sometimes used adjectively=of or pertaining to the wayside; growing, situated, etc.. by or near the side of the way; as, wayside flowers.

The windows of the wayside inn,
Gleamed red with fire-light through the leaves.

Way-station (wa'sta-shon \ u. An intermediate Btatiou on a railroad. [United States.]

Way-thistle (wa'this-1), n. A plant of the genus Cnicus, C. arvensis. Called also Fieldthistle.

Wayward (wa'werd), a. [' Originally a headless forni of a iwi'uvud. . . . Thus wayward

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\%away-ward, that is, turned away, perverse. This is the simple solution of a word that lias given much trouble. It is a parallel formation to froward: Skeat.) Full of peevish caprices or whims; froward; perverse. 'Whining, purblind, wayward boy.' Shak. 'Thwarting the wayward seas.' Shah: Wayward beauty doth not fancy move. Fairfax.

Way-warden (wa'war-den), n. The surveyor of a road.

'Had'st best repent and mend thy ways.' 'The way-warden may do that; I wear out no ways.'


Waywardly (wa'werd-li), adv. In a wayward manner; frowardly; perversely.

Waywardness (wa'werd-nes), n. The quality of being wayward; frowardneas; perveraeness, Shak.

Waywlse (wa'wiz), a. Expert in finding or keeping the way; knowing the way or route. Ash.

Waywisert (wa'wiz-er), n. [G. weaweiser, from weg, way. and weisen, to direct ] An instrument for measuring the distance which one has travelled on the road; an odometer or pedometer.

I went to see Colonel Blount who shewed me the application erf the waywiser to a coach, exactly measuring the miles, and showing them by an index as we went on. It had 3 circles, one pointing to the number of rods, another to the miles, by 10 to 1000, with all the subdivisions of quarters. Evelyn.

Waywode, Waiwode (wa'wod), n. [Pol. and Rus. woyewvda, lit. army leader, from woi, an army, and wodit, to lead.] A name originally given to military commanders in various Slavonic countries, and afterwards to governors of towns or provinces. It was borne for a time by the rulers of Moldavia and Wallachia, who subsequently took the title of Hospodar.

Waywodeship (wa'wdd-ship), n. The province or jurisdiction of a waywode.

Wayworn (wa'worn), a. Wearied by travelling.

We (we), pron., pi. of /. [A Sax. wt, 0. Sax. we, id, Icel. w*r, veer, Dan. and Sw. vi, D. try. 6. wir, Goth, wets; cog. Skr. vayam—we. The initial w or v is supposed to represent m of the old radical ma, me, I, and the suffix s (G. r) to be a relic of an old demonstrative sma joined to the first pronoun. Originally, therefore, we = ma-sma = I + that (or he). See Us.] I and another or others; I and he or she, or I and they. We Is sometimes, like they, vaguely used for society, people in general, the world, Ac, but when the speaker or writer uses we he identifies himself more or less directly with the statement; when he uses they he implies no such identification. Both pronouns thus used may be translated by the French on and the German man; as, we (or they) say = on dit, man sagt.

(Vice) seen too oft, familiar with her face We first endure, then pity, then embrace. Pope. 'They say so.' 'And who are * they J' Everybody—nobody. Thtyl They is a regular scandalmonger, an unknown, unacknowledged, unseen, unanswered, unauthorized creation quoted on all occasions.' Mrs. S. C. Hall.

We is frequently used by individuals, as editors, authors, and the like, when alluding to themselves, in order to avoid the appearance of egotism which it is assumed would result from the frequent use of the pronoun I. The plural style is also used by kings and other potentates, and is said to have been first used in his edicts by King John of England, according to others by Richard I. The French and German sovereigns followed the example about the beginning of the thirteenth century.

We charge you, on allegiance to onrse^f.

To hold your slaughtering hands. Shak.

Weak (wek), a. [Not directly from A. Sax. wile, weak (which would have become in modern English woak or woke), but from the Scandinavian; Icel. veikr, veykr, Sw. vek, Dan. veg, L.G. and D. week, 0. tceich, pliant, soft, weak. The original meaning was yielding or giving way readily, the stem being seen in A. Sax. wican, 0 H.G. wichan, to yield, to give way; Gr. (c)eikein, to yield. Wick, wicker, are from same root.] 1. Wanting physical strength; as, (a) deficient in strength of body; not able to raise great weights or do severe tasks or work; wanting vigour or robustness; feeble; exhausted; infirm; sickly. 'A poor, infirm, weak, and despised old man.' Shak. (&) Not able to sustain a great weight, pressure, or strain; as, wok timber; a weak bridge; a weak rope, (c) Not having the parts firmly united or

adhesive; easily broken or separated into pieces; readily fractured; brittle; as, a weak vessel, (d) Not stiff; pliant; bending; frail; soft; as, the weak stem of a plant (e) Not able to resist onset or attack; easily surmounted or overcome; as, a weak fortress, barrier, or fence—2. Deficient in force of utterauce or sound; having little volume, loudness, or sonorousness; low; feeble; small. 'A voice, not soft, weak, piping, and womanish.' Ascham.S. Wanting in ability to perform its functions or office; deficient in functional energy, activity, or the like. 'Myweofc stomach.' Shah: 'My eyes are weak.' Shak.—4. Unfltforpurpose&of attack or defence, either from want of members, training, courage, or other martial resources; not strong in arms.

The legions now in Gallia are
Full weak to undertake our wars. Shak.

5. Not abundantly or sufficiently impregnated with the essential, required, or usual Ingredients, or with stimulating or nourishing substances or properties; not of the usual strength; as, weak tea; weak broth; a weak infusion; weak punch.—6. Not possessing moral or mental strength, vigour, or energy; deficient in strength of intellect or judgment. 'A weak mind and an able body.' Shak.

Origen was never meat enough to imagine that there were two Gods. Waterland.

To think everything disputable is a proof of a weak mind and a captious temper. Beattit.

7. Having imperfect mental faculties; imbecile; silly; fatuous; stupid; as, a person of weak intellect or mind.—8. Not having acquired full confidence or conviction; not decided or continued: vacillating; wavering.

Him that is weak in the faith, receive ye, but not to doubtful disputations. Rom. xtv. 1.

9. Wonting steadiness or firmness; unable to withstand temptation, persuasion, urgency, or the like; easily moved, impressed, or overcome.

Superior and unmoved; here only weak
Against the charm of beauty's powerful glance.
It-weak woman went astray.
Their stars were more at fault than they. Prior,

10. Resulting from or indicating lack of judgment, discernment, or firmness; arising from want of moral courage, of selfdeuial, or of determination; injudicious; as, a weak compliance; a weak surrender.

If evil thence ensue She first his -weak indulgence will accuse. Milton.

11. Not having effective or prevailing power, or not felt to be effective or prevailing.

My ancient incantations are too weak Shak.

If my weak oratory
Can from his mother win the Duke of York,
Anon expect him here. SJutk.

12. Not having the power to convince; not supported by the force of reason or truth; unsustained; as, weak reasoning or argument; weak evidence.

A case so weak and feeble hath been much persisted in. Hooker

la Not founded in right or justice; not easily defensible.

1 know not what to say: my title's weak—
Tell me, may not a king adopt an heir? Shak.

14. Not having power or vigour of expression; deficient in pith, pregnancy, or point; as, a weak sentence; a weak style.—15. Inconsiderable; slight; Insignificant. 'This weak and idle theme.' Shak. 'Mine own weak merits.' Shak—16. In gram, a term applied to a noun or a verb, or to a declension or conjugation where the plural in the case of the noun is marked by the addition of 8, and the preterite and past participle in the case of verbs are marked by the addition of ed; as, hoy, boys; I love, I loved, I am loved: called otherwise regular, and distinguished from strong, or irregular. — Weak side, that side or aspect of a person's character or disposition by which he is most easily influenced or affected.

Guard thy heart
On this weak side where most our nature fails.

Weaki (wek), v.t. To make weak; to weaken.
Dr. H. More.

Weakt (wek), v.i To become weak. Chaucer.

Weaken (wek'n), v.t. [Weak, and the verbforming suffix -en.] To make weak or weaker; to lessen the strength of or to deprive of strength; to debilitate; to enervate; to enfeeble; as, to weaken the body; to weaken the mind; to iceaken the hands of the ma

gistrate; to weaken the force of an objection or argument

A languor came
Upon him, gentle sickness, gradually
It eakeninp the man, till he could do no more.

Weaken (wek'n). t?. i. To become weak or weaker; as, he weakens from day to day. Shak.

Weakener (wek'n-er), n. One who or that which weakens.

Fastings and mortifications, . . rightly managed, are huge helps to piety, and great weakness of sin. South.

Weakening (wgk'ning), a. Having the quality of reducing strength; as, a very weakening disease.

Weak-eyed (wekTd), a. Having weak eyes. Collins.

Weak-flsh (wek'flsh). n. A fish of the genus Otolithus (0. regahs), so called because it has a tender mouth and cannot pull hard when hooked. Called also Squeteague (which see).

Weak-headed (wektied-ed). a. Having a weak head or intellect

Weak-hearted (wekliart-ed), a. Having little courage; dispirited. Shak.

WeaMsh (wek'ish), a. Somewhat weak; weakly.

There was an innocent young waiter of a slender form and with weakish legs. Dickens.

Weakling (wgkling), n. A feeble creature.

And drags me down . to mob me up withal

In 50ft and milky rabble of womankind.

Poor weakling even as they are. Tennyson.

Weakly (wek'li), adv. In a weak manner; as, (a) with little physical strength; faintly; not forcibly; as, a fortress weakly defended. (6) With want of efficacy.

Was plighted faith so weakly seal'd above T

Dry den.

(c) With feebleness of mind or intellect; indiscreetly; injudiciously.

This high gift of strength committed to me,

Under the seal of silence, could not keep

But weakly to a woman most reveal it. Milton.

Weakly (wekli), a. Not strong of constitution; infirm; as, a weakly woman; a man of a weakly constitution. 'This pretty, puny, weakly little one.' Tennyson.

Weakness (welr/nes), n. The state or quality of being weak; as, (a) want of physical strength; want of force or vigour; feebleness; as, the weakness of a child; the weakness of an invalid; the weakness of a wall or bridge, or of thread or cordage. 'The weakness of mine eyes,' Shak (6) Want of mental or moral strength; want of strength of will or resolution; feebleness of mind.

Sir, I am vei'd; Bear with my weakness; my old brain is troubled; Be not disturbed with my infirmity. Shak.

All wickedness is weakness. Milton.

(c) Want of spiritedness, ardour, or sprightliness. 'Soft without weakness; without glaring gay.' Pope, (d) Want of moral force or effect upon the mind; want of cogency. * The weakness of those testimonies.' Tillotson. (e) Defect; failing; fault: with a plural. Many take pleasure ... in spreading abroad the weaknesses of an exalted character. Addison

Stn. Feebleness, debility, infirmity, imbecility, decrepitude, defect, failing, frailty, fafntness.

Weak-sighted (wfik'slt-ed), a. Having weak sight. Abr. Tucker.

Weak-spirited (wek'apir-it-ed), a. Having a weak or timorous spirit; pusillanimous. Sir W. Scott.

Weal (wel), n. [A. Sax. wela, weala, prosperity, wealth, bliss, lit. the state of being well, from wel, well; Dan. net, Sw, uai.O.H.G. wela, weal. See Well.] 1. A sound, healthy, prosperous state of a person or thing; the state of being well; welfare; prosperity; happiness. 'Partner of your weal or woe.' Shak. 'As we love the weal of our souls and bodies.' Bacon.

The weal or wo in thee is plac d. Milton

—The public, general, or common weal, the interest, wellbeing, prosperity of the community, state, or society.

IIn' for the common weal.

The fading politics of mortal Rome,

As I might slay this child, if good need were.

Slew both his sons. Tennyson

2t The body politic; the state. "The special watchmen of our English weal.' Shak.

Wealt (wel), v.t. To promote the weal or welfare of. Beau. <fc Pi.

Weal (wel), n. The mark of a stripe. See Wale.

Weal (wel), v.t. To mark with stripes. See Wale.

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Weal-balanced (wel-bal'aust), a. Balanced with regard to the common weal or good.

From thence.
By cold gradation and weal-balanced form.
We shalfprocecd with Angelo. Shak.

[Used probably only this once.]

Weald (weld ).a. [A. Sax. weald, wald, afnrest tract; G. waId, a wood or forest. It is a form of wold (which Bee).] A piece of opeu forest land; a woody place or woody waste; a wold. As a proper name it is applied to a valley or tract of country lying between the North and South Downs of Kent and Sussex in England. 'Fled all night long by glimmering waste and weald.' Tennyson.

Weald-Clay (weld'kla), n. The upper portion of the Wealden formation, composed of beds of clay, sandstone, calcareous sandstone, conglomerate limestone, and ironstone. The clay is of a bluish or brownish colour, tenacious, somewhat indurated and slaty. The limestone is often concretionary, and usually contains fresh-water Bhells of the genus Paludina. The weald-clay forms the subsoil of the wealds of Sussex and Kent, separating the Shanklin-sands from the Hastings beds.

Wealden (weTden), a. Of or pertaining to a weald; specifically, belonging to the Weald of Sussex and Kent—Wealden formation, group, or strata, in geol. a series of fresh-water strata belonging to the lower cretaceous epoch, and occurring between the uppermost beds of the oolite and the lower ones of the chalk formation. The name originated from the circumstance that these fluviatile beds are largely developed in the weald of Kent and Sussex, where they seem to occupy the site of an ancient estuary which received the clay and mud of some gigantic river. The group has been divided into two series, the weald-clay and Hastings sands (see these terms). The organic remains of the Wealden formation consist of the bones of huge reptiles, freshwater shells, and plant remains. The most remarkable animal remains are those of the Dinosauria belonging to the genera Hyhcosaurus, Megalosaurus, Iguanodon, Ac.; various fish of the placold and ganoid orders also occur. The vegetable fossils belong chiefly to ferns, and to the gymnospermatous orders of conifers and cycada. See Purbeck Beds under Pdrbeck.

Wealden (weTden). n. In geol the Wealden group or formation.

Wealdisht (weld'lsh), a. Of or belonging to a weald; especially to the wealds of Kent, Surrey, and Sussex. 'The wealdish men.' Fuller.

Wealfult (weTfql), a. Happy; joyous; felicitous. Davits.

Weals-man (weIz'man), u. A man who consults, or professes to consult, the public weal; a name given sneeriugly to a politician.

Meeting two such weals-men as you arc, I cannot call you Lycurguses. Shah.

(Nares says the word occurs only, perhaps, in the above extract]

Wealth (welth), n. [O.E. welthe, lit the state of being well, tromwell, and suffix -th; comp. health, breadth, sloth, mirth, growth, Ac.] l.f Weal; prosperity; external happiness.

Let no man seek his own, but every man another s wealth i Cor. x. 24.

Grant her (or him) In health and wealth long to live. Common Prayer.

2. A collective term for riches; material possessions in all their variety; large possessions of money, goods, or land; that abundance of worldly estate which exceeds the state of the greater part of the community; affluence; opulence.

Get place and wealth; if possible, with grace.
If not, by any means get -wealth and place. Pope.

3. Affluence; profusion; abundance,

Aeain the feast, the speech, the glee.
The shade of passing thought, the wealth
Of words and wit Tennyson.

4 In pot. earn, wealth embraces all and only such objects as have both utility and can be appropriated in exclusive possession, snd therefore exchanged. Political economists consider labour as the only source of wealth; and political economy treats mainly of the means of promoting the increase of national wealth, and of removing obstructions to its development

Wealthfult (welth'ful). a. Full of wealth or happiness: prosperous Sir T. More.

Wealthily (welth'f-li), adv. In a wealthy manner; in the midst of wealth; richly.


'Born in wealth and wealthily nursed.' Hood.

I come to wive it wealthily in Padua;

If wealthily then happily in Padua. Shak.

Wealthlness(welth'i-nes), n. State of being wealthy; richness.

Wealthy (welth'i), a. 1. Having wealth; rich; having large possessions in lands, goods, money, or securities, or larger than the generality of men; opulent; affluent As wealth is a comparative thing, a man may be wealthy in one place and not so in another. 'Married to a wealthy widow.' Shak.

2. Rich in any sense, as in beauty, ornament, endowments, etc.; enriched. [Poetical]

One (window) there is, and at the eastern end. Wealthy with wandering lines of mount and mere. Tennyson.

3. Large in point of value; ample. 'Her dowry wealthy.' Shak.

Wean (wen), v.t. [A. Sax. wenian, to accustom, whence dwenian, to wean; Icel. venja, to accustom; Dan. vanne. to accustom, vatnnefra brystet, to wean, lit to accustom from the breast; G. gewohnen, to accustom, entwohnen, to break of a custom, to accustom one to do without, to wean; from stem seen in wont See Wont.] 1. To separate from the breast or from the mother's milk as food; to ablactate; to accustom and reconcile, as a child or other young animal, to a want or deprivation of the breast.

And the child grew and was weaned. Gen. xxi. 9.

2. To detach or alienate, as the affections, from any object of desire; to reconcile to the want or loss of something; to disengage from any habit, former pursuit, or enjoyment; as, to wean the heart from temporal enjoyments.

I will restnre to thee The people's hearts, and wean them from themselves. Shak.

Wean (wen), n. 1. An infant; a weanling. [Provincial English.]—2. A child; a boy or girl of no great age. [Scotch. ]

WeaneU Weanellt (wen'el), n. A weanling; an animal newly weaned. 'A lamb, or a kid, or a weanell.' Spenser.

Weaning-brash (wen'tag-brash), n. In med. a severe form of diarrhoea which supervenes at times on weaning.

Weanling (wenling), n. A child or other animal newly weaned.

Weanling (wenling), a. Recently weaned. 'Weanling herds.' Milton.

Weapon (wep'on), n, [A. Sax. wcepen, a weapon; common to the Teutonic languages: Icel. vdpn, vopn, Dan. vaaben, Sw. vapen, D. wapen, O. waffe, a weapon, Goth. vepna (pi.), arms. Probably from same root as £. whip.] 1. Any instrument of offence; anything used or designed to be used in destroying or annoying an enemy, as a sword, a dagger, a club, a rifle, a cannon, Ac —2. An instrument for contest or for combating enemies, either for offence or defence; an instrument that may be classed among anus.

The weapons of our warfare are not carnal.
2 Cor. x. a.
Let not woman's weapons, water drops.
Stain my man's checks. Shak.

3. In bot. a thorn, prickle, sting, or the like, with which plants are furnished for defence.

Weaponed (wep'ond), a. Armed; furnished with weapons or arms; equipped.

Weaponless (wep'on-les), a. Unarmed; having no weapon. Milton.

Weaponry (wep'on-ri), n. Weapons In general. [Rare.]

Weapon-salve (wep'on-sav or wep'onsalv), n. A salve which was supposed to cure the wound by beinjt applied to the weapon that made it Sir Kenelm Dfgby says the salve produces sympathy between the wound and the weapon, citing several instances to prove that 'as the sword is treated the wound inflicted by it feels. Thus, if the instrument is kept wet the wound will feel cool, if held to the fire it will feel hot,' Ac. This is referred to in the following lines:—

She has taen the broken lance,
And washed it from the clotted gore.
And salved the splinter o'er ana o'er.

Sir II', Scott {Afarmion)

Weapon-schaw (wep'on-sha), 11. Wanen

shaw (which see). Sir W. Scott. Weapon-smith (wep'ou-smith), n. One

who makes weapons of war; an armourer.

It is unavoidable that the first mechanics—beyond the heroical weapon-smith on the one hand, and on


the other the poor professors of such rude arts as the homestead cannot do without . . . should be those who have no land. y. St. AVwiMr.

Wear (war), v.t pret wore; pp. worn; ppr. wearing. [A. Sax. werian, to wear, to put on—a weak verb (pret we rode); O.H.G. werian. gawerjan, to put on, to clothe; IceL verja, Goth, vasjan, to clothe. There has been in this word a change from s to r, aud the root is the same as in L. vestio, a garment. See Vest.] 1. To carry covering or appendant to the body, as clothes, weapons, ornaments, Ac; to have on; as, to wear a coat or a robe; to wear a sword; to wear a crown.

Many wearing rapiers are afraid of goose quills and dare scarce come thither. Shak.

On her white breast a sparkling cross she were.

2. To consume by frequent or habitual use; to deteriorate or waste away by carrying, as clothes upon one's person; to use up; as, to wear clothes rapidly; boots well trorn.—

3. To waste or impair by rubbing or attrition; to lessen or diminish by continuous action upon; to consume; to waste; to destroy by degrees. 'The waters wear the stones.' Jobxiv. 10.

When waterdrops have worn the stones of Troy, And blind oblivion swallow'd cities up. Sha*.

Hence—4. To exhaust; to weary; to fatigue.

Since you have made the days and nights as one. To wear your gentle limbs in my affairs. Shak.

And hence—5. To forget; to efface from the memory.

Sort thy heart to patience; These few days' wonder will be quickly worn. Shak.

6, To cause or produce by constant percussion or attrition; to form by continual rubbing; as, a constant current of water will wear a channel in stone.—7. To have or exhibit an appearance of; to bear; to carry; to exhibit; to show.

Ne'er did poor steward wear a truer fjrief
For his undone lord than mine eyes fur you.

And often, glad no more.
We wear a face of joy. because
We have been glad of yore, ft 'ordsworth.

8. To bring about gradually; to affect by degrees; hence, to cause to think or act in a certain way or direction: often used with in or into.

Trials wear us into a liking of what, possibly, in the first essay, displeased us. Locke.

A man . . from the masterly strokes of a great author every time he peruses him, wears himself w« the same manner. Addison.

—To wear away, to Impair, diminish, or destroy by gradual attrition or imperceptible action.—To wear off, to remove or diminish by attrition.—To wear out, (a) to wear till useless; to render useless by wearing or using; as, to wear out a coat or a book. (b) To waste or destroy by degrees; to consume tediously; as, to wear out life In idle {>rojects. * Wear out thy youth with shapeess idleness.' Shak. (e) To harass; to tire completely. Dan. vii. 25. (d) To waste the strength of; as, an old man worn out in the service of his country.

Wear (war), v.i. 1. To be undergoing gradual impairment or diminution; to waste gradually; to be diminished or to pass away by attrition, by use, or by time: generally followed by some particle, as away, off, out Ac. 'Though marble wear with raining' Shak. 'Thou wilt surely wear away.' Kxod. xviii. 18.—2. To pass away, as time; to be spent; often, to be tediously spent or consumed. 'Thus wore out night' Milton.

Away, I say; time wears. Shak.

:t. t To be worn appendant to the body; to be the fashion. 'Like the brooch ana the tooth-pick which wear not now.' Shak

4. To become gradually fit, as a garment by wearing. [Rare.]

Let still the woman take
An elder than herself; so wears she to him.
So sways she level in her husband's heart. Shak.

6. To move or advance slowly; to make gradual progress; as, the winter wore on.

Never morning wore To evening, but some heart did break. Tennyson.

6. To become; to grow. [Old and Scotch ]

The Spaniards began to ware weary, for w-tntcf drew on. Serum.

—To \oear well or ill, to be wasted aw«y slowly or quickly; to last a long or short time; to be affected by time or use with difficulty or easily.—To wear off, to p;iss away by degrees; as, the follies of youth wear off with age.

If passion causes a present terror, yet it soon wears off Lock*.




Wear (war), n. 1. The act of wearing; the state of being worn; diminution by friction, use, time, or the like; as. this dress is not for daily war; the wear and tear of a garment—2. The thing worn; the style of dress; hence, the fashion; vogue. 'Motley's the only wear.' Shak.

Sir, your good worship, will you be my bail? No, indeed, will I not, Pompey; it is not the NV, Shak. Wear ami tear, the loss by wearing; the waste, diminution, decay, or injury which anything sustains by ordinary use; as, the wear and tear of machinery; the wear and tear of furniture. Wear (war), r. t. [A form of reer] Xaut. to bring on the other tack by turning the vessel round, stern toward the wind. Wear (wer), v.t [O.E. were, weren, werie, from A. Sax. werian, to guard, to defend; Icet verja, Dan. vcerge, Goth, warjan. Akin to wary.) [Scotch] 1. To guard; to watch, as a gate, door, opening, &c , so that it is not entered. I set him to wear the fore-door wi" the spear while

1 kept the back door wi' the lance.

Border Minstrelsy,

2 To ward off; to prevent from approaching ur entering; as, to wear the wolf from the sheep.

Wear (wer), n. Same as Weir (which see).

Wearable (warVbl), a. Capable of being worn; as, the clothes are wearable. Sometimes used substantively. 'Rejecting every wearable that comes from England.' Swift.

Wearer (war'er), n. 1. One who wears or carries as appendant to the body; as, the wearer of a cloak, a sword, or a crown. 'The wearer of Antonius' beard.' Shak.

Cowls, hoods, and habits, withtheiravit/rrftossed ■nd fluttered into rags, Milton.

2. That which wastes or diminishes.

Weariable (we'ri-a-bl). a. Capable of becoming wearied or fatigued. Quart. Rev. [Rare ]

Weariful (we'ri-ful), a. Full of weariness; causing weariness; wearisome. [Rare ]

Wearifully (we'ri-ful-li), adv. In a weariful manner; wearisomely. [Rare.]

Weariless (we'ri-les), a. Incessant; unwearied. 'Weariless wing.* Hogg. [Rare.]

Wearily (we'ri-li), adv. In a weary or tiresome manner; like one fatigued. 'You look wearily.' Shak.

Weariness (we'ri-nes), n. 1. The state of being weary or tired; that lassitude or exhaustion of strength which is induced by labour: fatigue. 'With weariness and wine oppress'd.' Dryde u.

Can snore upon the flint when resty sloth
Finds the down pillow hard. Shak.

2. Uneasiness proceeding from monotonous continuance; tedium; ennui; languor. "1111 one could yield tor weariness.' Tennyson.

Wearing (war'ing), a. Applied to what is worn; as, wearing apparel.

Wearlngr (war'ing), n. That which one wears; clothes; garments.

Give me my nightly wearing and adieu! Shak.

Wearisht (wertshVa. [Perhaps from weary, in meaning 4J 1.Wizen; withered; shrunk. 'A little, wearish old man. very melancholy by nature." Burton.— 2. Insipid; tasteless; washy.

Wearisome (we'ri-sum), a. [From weary] Causing weariness; tiresome; tedious; fatiguing; irksome; monotonous; as, a wearieotne march; a wearisome day's work. Wearisome nights are appointed to me. Job vii. 3. Alas, the way is wearisome and long! Shak.

Wearisomely (we'ri-sum-li), adv. In a wearisome manner; tediously; so as to cause weariness. Raleigh.

Wearisomeness (we'ri-sum-nes). n. The quality or state of being wearisome; tiresomeness: tediousness; as, the wearisomeness of toil or of waiting long in anxious expectation. 'Continual plodding and weariMotneness.' Milton.

Weary (we'ri), a. [A. Sax. wfrig. weary, O. Sax. wurig; according to Skeat from A. Sax. w6r, a swampy place, the same word as wos, Mod. E. ooze, the won! originally having reference to the fatigue of walking in wet. J l. Having the strength much exhausted by toil or violent exertion; having the strength, endurance, patience, or the like, worn out; tired; fatigued. It is followed by of before the cause of fatigue or exhaustion; as, to be weary of marching; to l>e weary of reaping; to be weaiy of study. Let us not be -weary in well-doing. Gal. vi. 9.

2. Impatient of the continuance of something painful, irksome, or the like; sick; disgusted.

If'eary of the world, away she hies.

And yokes her silver doves. Shak.

8. Causing fatigue or tedium; tiresome; irk-
some; as, a weary way; a weary life.

How weary, stale, flat and unprofitable.
Seem to me all the uses of this world. Shak.

4. Feeble; sickly; puny. Forby; Jamieson.
[Provincial English andScotch. ]—Syn. Tired,
fatigued, disgusted, sick, tiresome, irksome,

Weary (we'ri), v.t. pret. «fe pp. wearied; ppr. wearying. [From the adjective.] 1. To make weary; to reduce or exhaust the physical strength or endurance of; to tire; to fatigue; as, to weary one's self with labour or travelling.

The people shall weary themselves for very vanity.
Hab. ii. 13.

2. To exhaust the patience of; to make impatient of continuance.

I stay too long by thoe; I weary thee. Shak.

3. To harass by anything irksome.

I would not cease
To weary him with my assiduous cries. MUton.

To weary out, to subdue or exhaust by fatigue or by anything irksome. * Me over] watch'd and wearied out.' MUton. Syn. To tire, fatigue, exhaust, harass, jade, fag, dispirit.

Weary (we'ri), v.i. To become weary; to tire; to become impatient of continuance.

Sing the simple passage o'er and o'er
For all an April morning, till the ear
Wearies to hear it. Tennyson.

Weary (we'ri). n. [A. Sax werg, a curse. See Wary, to curse.] A curse. Used now only in the phrases ' Weary fa' you!' ' Weary on youl'and the like. Sir W. Scott. [Scotch]

Wearyfu' (we'ri-fu), a. Causing pain; calamitous. Sir W. Scott. [Scotch.]

Weasand (we'zand), «. [A. Sax. watsend, wdsend, the windpipe; 0. Fris. wasende, 0. H. G. weisunt; perhaps, as Wedgwood thinks, named from the wheezing sound: made in breathing. See Wheeze.] The windpipe or trachea; the canal through | which air passes to and from the lungs. Written also Wcsand, Wezand, and Weaz- I and. Spenser; Shak.; Wiseman.

Weasel (we'zl), n. [A. Sax. wesle, D. wezel, , Dan. vessel, G. wicsel, O.H.G. wisala, weasel. | Etym. doubtful ] 1. A name common to the digitigrade carnivorous animals belonging | to the genus Mustela, family Mustelidre. The true weasels are distinguished by the length and slenderness of their bodies; the feet are short, the toes separate, and the claws sharp. The common weasel (M. vulgaris) is a native of almost all the temperate


Common Weasel (Mustela vulgaris).

and cold parts of the northern hemisphere, and is one of the best known British quadrupeds. It is the smallest of the Mustelidaof the Old World, measuring about 2£ inches in height, about "J in length, with a tail about 2J inches long. The body is extremely slender and arched, the head small and flattened, the neck very long, the legs short, and also the tail. It is of a reddish-brown colour above, white beneath; tail of the same colour as the body. It feeds on mice, rats. moles, and small birds, and is often useful as a destroyer of vermin in ricks, barns, and granaries. Amongother well-known species are the polecat (M. putorius), the ferret (M. fwro), the ermine (Jf. emiinea), and the Bable (M. zibcttina).

I can suck melancholy out of a song, as a iveaset sucks eggs. Shak.

2. A lean, mean, sneaking, greedy fellow.

The weasel Scot

Comes sneaking, and so sucks her princely cgps. Shak.

Weasel-coot (we'zl-kbt), M. A bird, the red-headed smew, or Mergus minutus mustelinus.

Weasel-faced (we'zl-fast), a. Having a thin sharp face like a weasel. Steele. Weasel-snout (we'zl-snout), n. A British plant of the genus Galeobdolon, the G. Interim. See Galeobdolon. Weasinesst (we'zi-nes), n. The state or condition of being weasy. Joye. Weasyt (we'zi), a. [Lit. wheezing, or breathing hard, from being puffed up with good living. ] Gluttonous. Joye. Weather (weTH'er), n. [A. Sax. weder, wander, D. and L.G. weder, Icel. redr, Sw. vdder. G. wetter, O.H.G. wetar; cog. Bulg. victr, Lith. wettra, weather; supposed to be from same root as wind.) 1. A general term for the atmospheric conditions; the state of the air or atmosphere with respect to its temperature, pressure, humidity, electrification, motions', or any other meteorological phenomena; as, warm weather; cold weather; wet weather; dry weather; calm weather; tempestuous weather; fair weather; cloudy weather; hazy weather, ond the like. The investigation of the various causes which determine the state of the atmosphere, and produce those changes which are incessantly taking place in its condition, forms the subject of meteorology. —2. Change of the state of the air; meteorological change; hence, fig. vicissitude; change of condition.

It is a reverend thing to see an ancient castle not in decay; how much more to behold an ancient family which have stood against the waves and weathers of time. Bacon.

3. t Storm; tempest. * What gusts of weather from thatgathering cloud!' Dryden.— 4.t A light rain; a Bhower. Wickliffe.—5. The inclination or obliquity of the sails of a windmill to the plane of revolution.—To make fair weather^ to flatter; to make flattering representations to some one; to conciliate another by fair words and a show of friendship.

I must make fair weather yet awhile Till Henry be more weak and I more strong. Shak. —To make good weather (naut.), to behave well in a storm; to ship little water.—To make bad weather (naut.), to behave ill in a storm; to ship much water: said of a vessel.

Weather (weTH'er), v. t. 1. To air; to expose to the air. [Rare]

Like to an eagle soaring to weather his broad sails. Spenser.

2. Naut. (a) to sail to the windward of; as, to weather a cape; to weather another ship.

We weathered Pulo Pare on the 29th, and stood in for the main. Cook.

(b) To bear up against and come through, though with difficulty: said of a ship in a storm, as also of its captain or pilot; as, to weather a gale or storm. Here's to the pilot that weathered the storm.


3. To bear up against and overcome, as danger ordiffkulty; to sustain the effects of; to come out of, as a trial, without permanent injury.

You will weather the difficulties yet. F.IV. Robertson.

4. In geol. to disintegrate and waste or wear away; as, the atmospheric agencies that weather rocks.

Geologists speak of the fresh fracture in contradistinction to the weathered surface. Page.

—To weather a point, (a) naut. to gain a point toward the wind, as a ship. (6) To gain or accomplish anything against oppnsition.—To weather out, to endure; to hold out to the end.

When we have pass'd these gloomy hours,
And weather'd out the storm that beats upon us.

Weather (weTH'er), v.i. In geol. to suffer change, disintegration, or waste, by exposure to the weather or atmosphere, as a rock or cliff.

Weather (weTH'er), a. Naut. toward the wind; windward: a frequent element in compound words; as, weather-bow, weatherl>eam, weather-gage, weafAer-uuarter, Ac.

Weather-anchor (weTH'er-an g-ker). n. The anchor lying to windward, by which a ship rides when moored.

Weather-beaten (weTH'er-bet-n), o. [Perhaps originally this word was weather-bitten.) Beaten or harassed by the weather; having been seasoned by exposure to every kind of weather; as, a weather-beaten sailor. Like a -weather-beaten vessel, holds Gladly the port, though shrouds and tackle torn. Milton.

Weather-bitten (weTH'er-bit-n), a. Worn or defaced by exposure to the weather. 'A weather-bitten conduit.' Shak.

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