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SHERIFFALTY

SHIFT

for rent, possessory actions, &c., in which cases there is an appeal from the decision of the sheriff-substitute to the sheriff, and from him to the Court of Session. He has also a summary jurisdiction in small debt cases, where the value is not more than £12 In criminal cases the sheriff has jurisdiction in all offences the punishment for which is not more than two years' imprisonment. He has also jurisdiction in bankruptcy cases to any amount. Sheridalty (sher'if-al-ti), n. A sheriffship;

a shrievalty. Sheriff-clerk (sher'if-klärk), n, In Scotland, the clerk of the sheriff's court, who has charge of the records of the court. He registers the judgments of the court, and issues them to the proper parties. Sheriff - geld (sher'if-geld), n. A rent formerly paid by a sheriff. Sheriff-officer (sherit-of-fis-er), n. In Scotland, an officer connected with the sheriffcourt, who is charged with arrests, the serving of processes, and the like. Sheriffship (sherif-ship), n. The office or jurisdiction of a sheriff; a shrievalty, Sheriff - tooth (sher'if-töth), n. A tenure by the service of providing entertainment for the sheriff at his county courts, a common tax formerly levied for the sheriff's diet. Wharton. Sheriffwick (sher’if-wik). Same as SheriffSherris, Sherris-sackt (sher'is, sher'issak), n Sherry.

Your sherris warms the blood. Shak. Bot, all his vast heart sherris-warmed,

He Lashed his random speeches. Tennyson,
Sherry (sher'ri ), n. A species of wine, so
called from Xeres in Spain, where it is made.
The highest class of the many varieties are
those that are technically called 'dry,' that
is, free from sweetness, such as the Amon-
tillado, Montilla, Manzanilla, &c. It is much
used in this country, and when pure it agrees
well with most constitutions. Genuine and
unadulterated sherry, however, brings a
very high price, and is rarely to be had,
inferior Cape wines, &c., being extensively
sold under this name. Written formerly
Sherrie.
Sherry-cobbler (sher-ri-kobler), n. Sherry

and iced water sucked up through a straw.
Sherry-vallies (sherri-val-iz), n. pl. (Cor-
rupted from Fr. chevalier, a horseman.)
Pantaloons of thick cloth or leather, worn
battoned round each leg over other panta-
loons when riding. (United States. ]
Sherte, t 'i. A shirt; also, a skirt or lap.
Chaucer.
She-slip (shē'slip). n. A young female
schon, branch, or member. The slight she-
alipa of loyal blood.' Tennyson.
She-society (she-sö-si'e-ti), n. Female so-
ciety. Tennyson.
Shete,.t. or i. To shoot. Chaucer.
Shette,t Shet,+ v.t. To close or shut.

Chaucer.
Shengh (shych or shuch), n. (See SHAFT (of
a mine)) A furrow; a ditch; agull. (Scotch.)
Shew, Shewed, shewn (shỏ, shod, shon)
See Show, SHOWED, SHOWN.
Shew-bread (shõbred). See SHOW-BREAD.
Shewel, Shewelle, tn. An example; some-
thing held up to give warning of danger
(Sarea); a scarecrow (Trench)

So are these bug-bears of opinions brought by great Clearkes into the world, to serve as showelles, to keep them from those faults whereto else the vanitie of the world and weaknesse of senses might pull them,

Sir P, Sidney Shever (sho'er), n. One that shows. In Scota law shewers in jury causes are the persons named by the court, usually on the

agrestion of the parties, to accompany the
six jurors when a view is allowed. See
VIEWERS.
She-world (shē' wêrld). n. The female in-
habitants of the world or of a particular
portion of it. Head and heart of all our
fair she-world." Tennyson.
Sheytan (sbá'tan), n. An Oriental name

for the devil or a devil.
Shlah, n. See SUIITE.
Shibboleth (shib'bo-leth), n. [Heb., a stream
or flood, from häbal, to go, to flow copi-
only) 1 A word which was made the cri-
terion by which to distinguish the Ephraim-
Ites from the Gileadites. The Ephraimites
tot being able to pronounce the letter ,
sh, pronounced the word sibboleth. See
Judg. xii. Hence-2. The criterion, test, or
Watchword of a party; that which distin-
guiahes one party from another; usually,

some peculiarity in things of little import- shield-drake (shēld'drák), n. Same as ance.

Sheldrake. But what becomes of Benthamism, shorn of its shield-fern(shēld'fèrn), n. A common name shibboleth-its pet phrase, 'greatest happiness of

for ferns of the genus Aspidium, nat, order greatest number?'

Quart. Rev.

Polypodiacere, so named from the form of Shidder (shid'ér). See HIDDER.

the indusium of the fructification. The Shide (shid), n. (A. Sax. scide, a billet of

sori are roundish and scattered or deposited wood; Icel. skith, G. scheite; from verb to

in ranks; the indusia solitary, roundly-peldivide-A. Sax. sceadan, G. scheidan, Goth.

tate or kidney-shaped, fixed by the middle skaidan (cog. L. scindo, Gr. schizo, to split).

or the edge. The species are numerous and See also SHED, v. t. ) A piece split off ; a

beautiful. Thirteen are natives of Britain, piece; a billet of wood; a splinter. Shides

among which is the male-fern (A. Filia mas). of okes, with wedges great they clive.' Phaer.

the stem of which has been employed as an [Old and provincial.]

anthelmintic and as an emmenagogue and Shie, Shy (shi), v.t. (Lit. to toss obliquely;

purgative. The fragrant shield-fern (4. A. Sax. sceoh, Icel. skeifr, askew; Dan. skieu,

fragrans) has been employed as a substitute oblique; skieve, to slant, slope, swerve. See

for tea. SKEW.) To throw; to toss obliquely; to

Shieldless (shēld'les), a. Destitute of a throw askance; as, to shie a stone. (Familiar.)

shield or of protection. The shieldle88 Shiel (shēl), v.t. To take out of the husk;

maid.' Southey. to shell (Scotch.)

Shieldlessly (sheldles-li), adv. In a shieldShiel (shēl), n. Shieling; hut; shelter. The

less manner; without protection. swallow jinkin' round my shiel.' Burns.

Shieldlessness (shēld'les-nes), n. The (Scotch.)

state or quality of being shieldless; destiShield (shëld), n. [A. Sax. scild, scyld, sceld,

tution of a shield or of protection. a shield, refuge, protection; common to the

Shield-shaped (shēld'shăpt), a. Having the Teutonic languages; Goth. skildus, Icel

shape of a shield; scutate; as, a shield-shaped skjöldr, G. schild, from root seen in Icel.

leaf. Lindley. skjól, Dan. skjul, shelter, protection, Icel. Shieling, Shielling (shēl'ing), n. Same and Sw. skyla, Dan. skiule, to cover, pro

as Shealing. tect; Skr. sku, to cover. Akin shelter.)

Shift (shift), v.t. (A. Sax. scyftan, to divide, 1. A broad piece of defensive armour carried

to order, to drive away; L.G. schijten, to on the arm; a buckler, used in war for the

divide, to part; Dan. skifte, to change, to protection of the body. The shields of the

shift, to divide; Icel. skipta, to divide, ancients were of different shapes and sizes,

distribute, also to change. Perhaps from triangular, square, oval, &c., made of lea

root of shove.] 1. To transfer from one place ther, or wood covered with leather, and

or position to another; to change; to alter. borne on the left arm. This species of

Unto Southampton do we shift our scene. Shak. armour was a good defence against arrows,

The other impecunious person contrived to make darts, spears, &c., but would be no protection

both ends meet by skifting his lodgings from time to against bullets.-2. Anything that protects

time.

W. Black. or defends; defence; shelter ; protection.

2. To put off or out of the way by some exMy council is my shield.' Shak.-3. Fig.

pedient. I shifted him away.' Shak. the person that defends or protects; as, a

3. To change, as clothes; as, to shift a coat. he ornament and shield of the nation.

4. To dress in fresh clothes, particularly Fear not, Abram: I am thy shield, and thy exceed. fresh linen, ing great reward.

Gen. xv. I. As it were, to ride day and night; and ... not 4. In her. the escutcheon or field on which to have patience to shift me.

Shak. are placed the bearings in coats of arms. -To shift off, (a) to delay; to defer; as, to The shape of the shield upon which heraldic shift off the duties of religion. (6) To put bearings are displayed is left a good deal to

away; to disengage or disencumber one's fancy; the form of the lozenge, however, is self of, as of a burden or inconvenience.

Shift (shift), v. i. 1. To change; to give place to other things; to pass into a different form, state, or the like.

The sixth age shifts Into the lean and slipper'd pantaloon. Shak. If the ideas . . . constantly change and shift. it would be impossible for a man to think long of any one thing,

Locke, 2. To move; to change place, position, or direction. As winds from all the compass shift and blow.' Tennyson.

Here the Baillie shifted and fidgetted about in his seat.

Sir W. Scott. 3. To change dress, particularly the under garments. When from the sheets her lovely form she lifts, She begs you just would turn you while she shirts.

Young. 4. To resort to expedients; to adopt some

course in a case of difficulty; to contrive; to Shields.

manage; to seize one expedient when anI, Lozenge-shield. 2 and 3. Fanciful forms. 4. Spade

other fails. shield-the best heraldic form.

Men in distress will look to themselves and leave

their companions to shift as well as they can. used only by single ladies and widows. The

Sir R. L'Estrange. shield used in funeral processions is of a 5. To practise indirect methods. square form, something larger than the All those schoolmen, though they were exceeding escutcheon, and divided per pale, the one witty, yet better teach all their followers to shift than half being sable, or the whole black, as the

to resolve by their distinctions.

Raleigh, case may be, with a scroll border around, 6.1 To digress. and in the centre the arms of the deceased Thou hast shifted out of thy tale into telling me of upon a shield of the usual form.-5. In bot. the fashion. a little cup with a hard disc, surrounded by 7. To divide; to part; to distribute. Chaucer. a rim, and containing the fructification of -To shift about, to turn quite round to a lichens; an apothecium. --6. In mining, a contrary side or opposite point; to vacillate. framework for protecting a miner in work- Shift (shift), n. 1. A change; a substitution ing an adit, pushed forward as the work pro of one thing for another. gresses. -- 7.1 A spot resembling or suggest My going to Oxford was not merely for shift of ing a shield.

air.

W otton. Bespotted as with shields of red and black. Spenser. 2. A turning from one thing to another ; Shield (shēld), v.t. 1. To cover, as with a hence, an expedient tried in difficulty; a shield; to cover or protect from danger or contrivance; a resource; one thing tried anything hurtful or disagreeable; to defend; when another fails. to protect; as, to shield a person or thing I'll find a thousand shifts to get away. Shak. from the sun's rays. "To shield thee from (Eric) had to run with his queen Gunnhilda and diseases of the world.' Shak. "To see the seven small children; no other shift for Eric. son the vanquish'd father shield.' Dryden.

Carlyle. 2. To ward off.

3. In a bad sense, mean refuge; last resource; They brought with them their usual weeds, 6t to

mean or indirect expedient; trick to escape shield the cold, to which they had been inured.

detection or evil; fraud; artifice. Spenser.

For little souls on little shifts rely, Dryden. 3. To forfend; to forbid; to avert.

When pious frauds and holy shirts
God shield I should disturb devotion. Shak.

Are dispensations and gifts. Hudibras.

Shak.

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4. [Lit. a change of underclothing. ) A Shill (shil), u.t. (Icel. skyla. See SHIELD.) bles chindi, which may be translated as woman's under garment; a chemise. -5. A To put under cover; to sheal. [Provincial 'cutting up,' and also quarrel.' To cut squad of men to take a spell or turn of work English. ]

up shindies' was the first form in which this at stated intervals; hence, the working time Shillalah, Shillaly (shil-lala, shil-láli), n. extraordinary word reached the public.' C. of a squad or relay of men; the spell or turn Same as Shillelah (which see).

G. Leland.) 1. A row; & spree. (Slang. of work; as, a day shift; a night shift.-6. In Shillelah (shil-lela), n. (From Shillelagh, a 2. A liking; a fancy. Haliburton. (Amerimining, a fault or dislocation of a seam or barony in Wicklow, famous for its oaks: a can.)-3. A game of ball; shinty. Bartlett. stratum, accompanied by depression of one corruption of Siol Elaigh, the descendants (American.) portion, destroying the continuity.-7. In of Elach- siol (pron. shēl), seed, and Elaigh, Shine (shin), v. i. pret. shone; pp. shone; ppr. building, a mode of arranging the tiers of Elach.) An Irish name for an oaken sap- shining; shined, pret. & pp., is now obsobricks, timbers, planks, &c., so that the ling or other stick used as a cudgel.

lete or vulgar. (A. Sax. scinan, D. schij. joints of adjacent rows shall not coincide. - Shilling (shil'ing),n. (A. Sax. scylling, O.Fris. nen, Icel. skina, Dap. skinne, Goth. skeinan, 8. In music, a change of the position of the 0. Sax. Dan. and Sw.skilling, Goth. skilliggs, G. scheinen, to shine. Probably from a root left hand in violin playing. by which the G. schilling, probably from a root seen in skan, skand, seen without the sin L. candeo, first finger of the player has to temporarily Icel. and Sw. skilja, Dan, skille, to divide, to shine; candidus, white; candor, whiteness become the nut. Shifts are complete changes the ancient shilling having been divided by (whence E. candid, candour); Skr. chand, to of four notes: thus, the first shift is when two cross indentations, stamped deeply into be light or clear.] 1. To emit rays of light; the first finger is on A of the first string; it so as to be easily broken into four parts. to give light; to beam with steady radiance; the second shift, when it is on D above. - Comp. Dan, skillemymt, from skille, to sever, to exhibit brightness or splendour; as, the Shift of crops, in agri. an alteration or and mynt, coin, and G. scheidemünze, from sun shines by day; the moon shines by night. variation in the succession of crops; rota scheiden, to divide, and münze, coin-hoth Shining differs from sparkling, glistening. tion of crops; as, a farm is wrought on the meaning small change.) A British coin of glittering, as it usually implies a steady rafive years' shift, on the six years' shift. currency and account, equal in value to diation or emission of light, whereas the To make shift, or to make a shift, to devise; twelve pennies, or to one twentieth of a latter words usually imply irregular or into contrive; to use expedients; to find ways pound sterling. Previous to the reign of terrupted radiation. This distinction is not and means to do something or overcome a Edward I. it fluctuated greatly in value, always observed, and we may say the fixed difficulty.

from five pence to twentypence, with various stars shine as well as that they sparkle. But I hope I shall make shift to go without him. intermediate values. The same name, under we never say the sun or the moon sparkles.

Shak,

the forms skilling and schilling, is applied 2. To be bright; to glitter: to be brilliant Shiftable (shift'a-bl), a. Capable of being

to coins of Germany, Denmark, and Nor Fish with their fins and shining scales. shifted or changed,

way. Shilling is also applied to different Milton. Shifter (shift'er). n. 1. One who shifts or

divisions of the dollar in the United States His eyes, like glow-worms, shine when he doth fret. changes; as, scene-shifter.-2. One who plays currency,

Shak. tricks or practises artifice. Shilli-shalli, Shilly-shally (shilli-shal-i).

Let thine eyes shine forth in their full lustre. And let those shifters their own judges be, v.i. A reduplication of shall I? and equal

Sir 7. Denham If they have not been arrant thieves to me.

3. To be gay or splendid; to be beautiful. to shall I or shall I not? To act in an John Taylor. irresolute or undecided manner: to hesitate;

So proud she shined in her princely state. 3. Naut. a person employed to assist the

as, this is not a time to shilly-chally. ship's cook in washing, steeping, and shift

Spouser

Once brightest shind this child of heat and air. ing the salt provisions. Shilli-shalli, Shilly-shally (shil'li-shal-i),

Pone Shiftiness (shifti-nes), n. The quality of

adv. In an irresolute or hesitating manner. 4. To be eminent, conspicuous, or distin. being shifty in all its senses.

I don't stand shill-I-shall-I then: if I say't, I'll do't.

guished; as, to shine in courts. Shine in Shifting (shift'ing), p. and a. Changing

Congreve. the dignity of F.R.S.' Pope.

Shilli-shalli, Shilly-shally (shilli-shal'i). place or position; resorting from one expe

Few are qualified to shine in company. Stir. n. Foolish trifling; irresolution. (Colloq.] dient to another.-Shifting beach, a beach

5. To be noticeably visible; to be prominent, of gravel liable to be shifted or moved by

She lost not one of her forty-five minutes in pick ing and choosing-no shilly-shally in Kate.

Man is by nature a cowardly animal, and moral the action of the sea or the current of

De Quincey.

courage shines out as the inost rare and the most rivers. --Shifting sand or sands, loose mov Shilpit (shil'pit), a. 1. Weak; washy and in

noble of virtues.

Prof. Blackie. ing sand; quicksand. sipid. “Sherry's but shilpit drink.' Sir W.

-To cause the face to shine, to be propitious. Who sterns a stream with shifting sand,

Scott. (Scotch. 2. Of a sickly white colour; Ps. lxvii. 1.-SYN. To radiate, beam, gleam, Or fetters flame with flaxen band. Sir W. Scott. feeble-looking. (Scotch.)

glare, glisten, glitter, sparkle, coruscate. -Shifting or secondary rlse, in law. See The laird ... pronounced her to be but a shilpit

Shine (shin), v.t. To occasion or make to USE.-Shifting centre. Same as Metacentre. thing

Miss Ferrier.

shine. Shifting (shift'ing), n. 1. Act of changing: Shily (shili). Same as Shyly.

Shinet (shin), a. Bright or shining; glitterchange. The shiftings of ministerial mea- | Shim (shim), n. 1. In mach, a thin piece of

ing. Spenser. sures.' Burke. -2. The act of having recourse metal placed between two parts to make a

| Shine (shin). n. 1. Fair weather; sunshine. to equivocal expedients; evasion; artifice: fit. - 2. A tool, used in tillage, to break

Be it fair or foul, rain or shine.' Dryden. shift. Subtle shiftings.' Mir. for Mags. | down the land or to cut it up and clear it of

Shadow and shine is life.' Tennyson. Shiftingly (shift'ing-li), adv. In a shifting weeds. Called also a Shim-plough

2. The state of shining; brilliancy: brightmanner; by shifts and changes; deceitfully. Shimmer (shim'er), v.i. (A. Sax. scymrian,

ness; splendour; lustre; gloss. The glitterShiftless (shiftles), a. Destitute of expe freg. of scimian, to gleam, from scima, a

ing shine of gold.' Dr. H. More. Fair opendients, or not resorting to successful ex gleam, brightness, splendour; Dan. skimre,

ing to some court's propitious shine.' P'ope. pedients; wanting means to act or live; as, G. schimmern, to gleam.] To emit a tremu

3. In this sense the word may be an abbrea shiftless fellow lous light; to gleam ; to glisten. "The

viation of shindy. A quarrel; a row. -To Shiftlessly (shift'les-li), adv. In a shiftless shimmering glimpses of a stream.' Tenny

kick up a shine, to make a row. (Slang. To manner. Son.

take the shine out of, to cast into the shade; Shiftlessness (shift'les-nes), n. A state of Twinkling faint, and distant far,

to outshine; to excel; to surpass. [Slang.) being shiftless.

Shimmers through mist each planet star.

Shiner (shin'er), n. 1. One who or that which Shifty (shif'ti), a. 1. Changeable; shifting

Sir W. Scott. shines. Hence--2. A coin, especially a bright Edin. Rev. (Rare.)– 2. Full of shifts; ferShimmer (shim'ér), n. A tremulous gleam

coin; a sovereign. (Slang. ) tile in expedients; well able to shift for or glistening.

"And now, Jingo,' asked the man of business, one's self.

The silver lamps ... diffused ...a trembling twi.

where's the skiners!'

Ferrold. light or seeming shimmer through the quiet apart Shiny and thrifty as old Greek or modern Scot, ment.

Sir W. Scott

3. The American popular name applied to there were few things he could not invent, and per

several species of fish, mostly of the family haps nothing he could not endure.

Shim-plough (shim'plou), n. See SHIM.
Kingsley.
Shin (shin), n. (A. Sax. scin, the shin, scin-

Cyprinidæ : as, the shining dace (Leuciscus 3. Full of or ready in shifts, in a bad sense; bán, the shin-bone; Dan. skinne, the shin, a

nitidus); the bay shiner (Leuciscus chryfertile in evasions; given to tricks and artisplint; skinnebeen, D. scheen, scheenbeen,

sopterus); New York shiner (Leuciscus or fices. the shin-bone; G. schiene, a splint of wood,

Stilbe chrysoleucas); and the blunt-nosed Shiite, Shiah (shi’it, shi'a), n. (Ar. shiai, schien-bein, the shin-bone: so called from its

shiner (Vorner Brownie). belonging to the sectarian or schismatic; shiah, shiat, a mulsharp edge resembling that of a splint of

family Scombrida. titude following one another in the pursuit wood.) The forepart of the leg between

Shiness (shines). See SHYNESS. of some object, hence, the sect of Ali; from the ankle and the knee, particularly of the

Shingle (shing'gl),n. (Formerly also shindle. shaa, to follow.) A member of one of the two human leg; the fore part of the crural bone,

which was corrupted to shingle, the word, great sects into which Mohammedans are | called tibia.

like G. schindel, being borrowed from L. divided, the other sect being the Sunnites or Shin (shin), v. i. 1. To climb a tree by means

scindula, a shingle, from L. scindo, to split, Sunnis. The Shiites consider Ali as being

of the hands and legs alone; to swarm. the only rightful successor of Mohammed.

Nothing for it but the tree; so Tom laid his bones They do not acknowledge the Sunna, or

to it, shinning up as fast as he could. T. Hughes. body of traditions respecting Mohammed,

2. To borrow money. (U.S. See SHINNER.) as any part of the law, and on these ac

Shin (shin), v.t. counts are treated as heretics by the Sun.

To climb by embracing

with the arms and legs and working or pullnites or orthodox Mohammedans. The Shiahs are represented by nearly the whole

ing one's self up; as, to shin a tree.

Shin-bone (shin'bon), n. The bone of the Persian nation, and call themselves also el

shin; the tibia. Adiliyyat, or 'the Upright,' while the Sun Shindlet (ship'dl). n. 1. A shingle. nites are represented by the Ottoman Turks.

Boards Shikaree, Shikarree (shi-kär'e), n. In the

or shindles of the wild oak.' Holland. East Indies, a native attendant hunter;

2. A roofing slate.

Shindlet (shin'al).v.t. To cover or roof with hence, applied generally to a sportsman.

shingles. Holland. We came upon the traces of a bear, quite recent,

Shingles Shindy (shin'di), n. (A shindy approaches so much so that the shikaree or huntsman said that he could not be twenty yards away.

so nearly in sound to the Gypsy word chin to divide. In sense 2 the meaning would

W. H. Russell. garee, which means precisely the same be originally flat pieces of stone.] 1. A thin Shilf (shilf), n. The same word as G. schil, thing, that the suggestion is at least worth piece of wood, usually having parallel sides sedge.) Straw. (Provincial English.] consideration. And it also greatly resem and thicker at one end than the other, so as

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are unfit for sechipbro-ker), "siness for a Ship-broken transacts then a cargoes, &c.;

to lap with others, used as a roof-covering
instead of slates or tiles. -2. Round, water-
wora, and loose gravel and pebbles; the
coarse gravel or accumulation of small
rounded stones found on the shores of rivers
or the sea
The plain of La Crau, in France, is composed of

Pinkerton,
Turning softly like a thief,
Lest the harsh single should grate underfoot.

Tennyson. - Skingle ballast, ballast composed of shingle or gravel. Shingle (shing'gl), v.l. pret. & pp. shingled; ppr. shingling. 1. To cover with shingles; as to shingle a roof. They shingle their houses with it.' Evelyn.-2. To perform the process of shingling on; as, to shingle iron. See SHINGLING. Shingler (shing gl-ér), n. One who or that which shingles; as, (a) one who roofs houses with shingles. (0) One who or a machine which cuts and prepares shingles. (c) A workman who attends a shingling hammer or machine. (d) A machine for shingling puddled iron or making it into blooms. Shingle-roofed (shing'gl-röft), a. Having

3 root covered with shingles. Shingles (shing glz), n. pl. (L. cingulum, a belt, from cingo, to gird) A kind of herpes, viz herpes zoster, which spreads around the body like a girdle; an eruptive disease. See HERPES Shingling (shing'gl-ing), n. 1. The act of covering with shingles, or a covering of shingles-2 In iron manuf. the process of expelling the scoriæ and other impurities from the metal in its conversion from the cast to the malleable state. This operation is performed by subjecting the paddled iron either to the blows of a ponderous forge hammer, to the action of squeezers, or to the pressure of rollers. Shingling hammer, & powerful hammer which acts upon the ball from the puddling furnace, and forces some of the remaining impurities therefrom.-Shingling mill, a mill or forge where puddled iron is hammered, &c. to remove the dross, compact the kain, and turn out malleable iron. Shingly (shing'gl-i), a. Abounding with

shingle or gravel.
Shining (shin'ing), p. and a. 1. Emitting
light; beaming: gleaming.-2. Bright; splen-
did; radiant. -3. Illustrious; distinguished;
conspicuous; as, a shining example of cha-
rity --4. In bot, having a smooth polished
surface, as certain leaves.-SYN. Glistening,
bright, radiant, resplendent, effulgent, lus-
trous, brilliant, glittering, splendid, illus-
trious
Shining (shin'ing). n. 1. Effusion or clear-
ness of light; brightness. The stars shall
withdraw their shining.' Joel ii. 10.-2. The
act of making one's selt conspicuous by dis-
play of superiority; ostentatious display.

Woald you both please and be instructed too,
Watch well the rage of shining to subdue.

Stilling feet.
Shiningness (shin'ing-nes), n. Brightness;

splendour. Spenser. Shinner (shin'ern. [That is, one who plies his shins or legs quickly.) 1. A person who goes about among his acquaintances borrowing money to meet pressing demands. The practice itself is called thinning. [United States cant. )-2.1 A stocking. Shinney (shin'i), n. Same as Shinty. Halli

are employed, the object of each party be- | Ship (ship), v.i. 1. To go on board a vessel
ing to drive the ball over their opponents' to make a voyage with it; to embark; as, we
boundary. The game is called Hockey in shipped at Glasgow.-2. To engage for ser-
England.-2. The club or stick used in play. vice on board a ship.
ing the game.

Ship-biscuit (ship'bis-ket), n. Hard coarse Shiny (shin'i), a. 1. Characterized by sun biscuit prepared for long keeping, and for shine; bright; luminous; clear; unclouded. use on board a ship.

Like distant thunder on a shiny day.' Dry-| Shipboard (ship'bõrd), n. The deck or side den.-2. Having a glittering appearance; of a ship: used chiefly or only in the adglossy; brilliant.

verbial phrase on shipboard; as, to go on -Ship (ship), n. (A form of shape (which shipboard or a shipboard. see); A. Sax. -scipe.) A termination denoting

Let him go on shipboard. Bramhall, state, office, dignity, profession, or art; as, What do'st thou make a shipboard) Dryden. lordship, friendship, stewardship, horsemanship, &c.

Ship-board (ship'bord), n. A board or plank Ship (ship), n. (A. Sax. scip, scyp, a ship;

of a ship. common to the Teutonic languages, L.G. They have made all thy ship-board's of fir-trees of schipp, D. schip, Icel. and Goth. skip, Dan.

Senir."

Ezek. xxvii. 5. skib, O.H.G. scil, G. schiff. The word passed Ship-boy (ship’boi), n. A boy that serves into the Romance tongues from the Teu on board of a ship. tonic, our skiff being re-borrowed from the

Ship-breaker (ship'bräk-er), 11. A person Fr. esquif; so also equip. Probably con whose occupation is to break up vessels that nected with shape, Icel. skapa, to shape, skipa, to arrange, order. Some derive it

Ship-broker (shipbro-ker), n. A mercanfrom root signifying to dig or hollow out, tile agent who transacts the business for a whence L. scapha, Gr. skaphē, a bowl, a ship when in port, as procuring cargoes, &c.; boat, a skiff ; Gr. skapto, to dig.] 1. A ves. also, an agent engaged in buying and sellsel of some size adapted to navigation: a

ing ships; likewise, a broker who procures general term for vessels of whatever kind, insurance on ships. excepting boats, Ships are of various sizes Ship-builder (ship'bild-ér), n. One whose and fitted for various uses, and receive vari. occupation is to construct ships and other ous names, according to their rig and the

vessels; a naval architect; a shipwright. purposes to which they are applied, as man Ship - building (ship'bild-ing), n. Naval of-war ships, transports, merchantmen,

architecture; the art of constructing vessels barques, brigs, schooners, luggers, sloops,

for navigation, particularly ships and other xebecs, galleys, &c. The name, as descrip

vessels of a large kind, bearing masts: in tive of a particular rig, and as roughly im

distinction from boat-building. plying a certain size, has been used to de Ship-canal (ship'ka-nal), n. A canal through signate a vessel furnished with a bowsprit

which vessels of large size can pass; a canal and three masts-a main-mast, a fore-mast, for sea-going vessels. and a mizzen-mast-each of which is com

| Ship-captain (ship'kap-tin or ship'kap-tán). posed of a lower-mast, a top-mast, and a n. The commander or master of a ship. See top-gallant mast, and carries a certain num

CAPTAIN. ber of square sails. The square sails on the

Ship - carpenter (ship’kär-pen-tér), n. A mizzen distinguishes a ship from a barque, a

shipwright; a carpenter that works at shipbarque having only fore-and-aft sails on the

building. mizzen. But the development of steam navi Ship - chandler (ship'chand-ler), n. One gation, in which the largest vessels have who deals in cordage, canvas, and other sometimes only a schooner rig and some

furniture of ships. times four masts, has gone far towards ren

Ship-chandlery (ship'chand-ler-i). n. The dering this restricted application of the term business and commodities of a ship-chandship of little value. Owing to increase of

ler. size, and especially increase in length, some

Ship-fever (ship'fē-ver). n. A peculiar kind sailing vessels now have four masts, and of typhus fever. Called also Putrid Fever, this rig is said to have certain advantages.

Jail-fever, and Hospital Ferer.
Up to within recent times wood, such as

Shipful (ship'ful), n. As much or many as oak, pine, &c., was the material of which

a ship will hold; enough to fill a ship. all ships were constructed, but at the pre

Ship-holder (ship'hõld-ér), n. The owner sent day it is being rapidly superseded by

of a ship or of shipping: a ship-owner. iron and steel; and in Britain, which is the Shipless (shiples), a. Destitute of ships. chief ship-building country in the world, the While the lone shepherd, near the shipless main. tonnage of the wooden vessels constructed

Sees o'er the hills advance the long-drawn funeral is but a fraction of that of those built of

train.

Rogers. iron. The first iron vessel classed at Lloyd's

Shiplett (ship'let), n. A little ship. Hol. was built at Liverpool in 1838, but iron |

inshed. barges and small vessels had been con

Ship - letter (ship'let-er). n. A letter sent structed long before this.- Armed ship. See by a common ship, and not by mail. under ARMED.-Ship's papers, the papers

Shipmant (ship'man), n. 1. A seaman or or documents required for the manifestation

sailor. of the property of the ship and cargo. They About midnight the shiponen deemed that they are of two sorts, viz. (1) those required by drew near to some country.

Acts xxvii. 28. the law of a particular country, as the cer 2. The master of a ship. Chaucer. tificate of registry, license, charter-party, Shipmaster (ship’mas-tér), n. The capbills of lading. bills of health, &c., required tain, master, or commander of a ship. Jon. by the law of England to be on board British ships. (2) Those required by the law of Shipmate (ship’māt), n. One who serves nations to be on board neutral ships to vin- in the same ship with another; a fellow. dicate their title to that character.-Ship sailor. of the line, a man-of-war large enough and Shipment (ship' ment). n. 1. The act of of sufficient force to take its place in a line putting anything on board of a ship or of battle.-Ship of the desert, a sort of poeti other vessel; embarkation; as, he was encal name for the camel. - Registry of ships. gaged in the shipment of coal for London. See Lloyd's register, under LLOYD'S.-2. A 2. The goods or things shipped or put on dish or utensil formed like the hull of a board of a ship or other vessel; as, the ship, in which incense was kept. Tyndale. merchants have made large shipments to Ship (ship), v.t. pret. & pp. shipped; ppr. the United States. shipping. 1. To put on board of a ship or ves Ship-money (ship'mun-i), n. In Eng. sel of any kind; as, to ship goods at Glas hist, an ancient imposition that was charged gow for New York.

on the ports, towns, cities, boroughs, and The emperor shipping his great ordnance, de

counties of England for providing and furparted down the river.

Knolles.

nishing certain ships for the king's service.

Having lain dormant for many years, it was 2. To transport in a ship; to convey by

revived by Charles I., and was met with water.

strong opposition. The refusal of John This wicked emperor may have shipp'd her hence. Hampden to pay the tax was one of the

Shak.

proximate causes of the Great Rebellion. 3. To engage for service on board a ship or It was abolished during the same reign. other vessel; as, to ship seamen. - 4. To fix By the new writs for ship-money the sheriffs were in its proper place; as, to ship the oars, the directed to assess every land-holder and other intiller, the rudder. - To ship ol, to send away

habitant according to their judgment of his means, by water. "Ship off senates to some distant

and to force the payment by distress. Hallam. shore.' Pope. - To ship a sea, to have a ship-owner (ship'ön-er), n. A person who wave come aboard; to have the deck has a right of property in a ship or ships, or washed by a wave.

any share therein.

i. 6.

Shin - plaster (shin'plas-ter), n. [Accord.
ing to Bartlett from an old soldier of the
Revolutionary period having used a quan-
tity of worthless paper currency as plasters
for a wounded leg) A bank-note, especially
one of low denomination; a piece of paper-
money. (United States slang. )
Shinto, shintoism (shin'to, shin'to-izm), n.
(Chinese shin, god or spirit, and to, way or
law] One of the two great religions of
Japan. In its origin it was a form of na-
ture worship, the forces of nature being re-
garded as gods, the sun being the supreme
god. The soul of the sun god, when on
earth, founded the reigning house in Japan,
and hence the emperor is worshipped as of
divine origin. Worship is also paid to the
souls of distinguished persons. The essence
of the religion is now ancestral worship and
facrifice to departed heroes. Written also
Sinta, Sintuiam.
Shintoist (shin'to-ist), n. A believer in or
supporter of the Shinto religion.
Shinty (whin'ti), n. [Gael. sinteag, a skip, a
bound. j I. In Scotland, an outdoor game in
which a ball and clubs with crooked heads

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Shipped (shipt), p. and a. 1. Put on board
a ship; carried in a ship, as goods.--2. Fur-
nished with a ship or ships.

Is he well shippid!
His bark is stoutly timber'd, and his pilot

Of very expert and approved allowance. Shak.
Shippen, Shippon (ship'en, ship'on), n. (A.
Sax. scypen, scepen, a stall, a shed.] A sta-
ble; a cow-house. (Local.]

Bessy would either do field-work, or attend to the Cows, the shippon, or churn or make cheese.

Dickens. Ship-pendulum (ship-pen'dû-lum), n. A pendulum with a graduated arc, used in the navy to ascertain the heel of a vessel, so that allowance may be made in laying a gun for the inclination of the deck. Shipper (ship'er), n. 1. One who places goods on board a vessel for transportation.-2. The master of a vessel, or skipper; a seaman. Shipping (ship'ing), n. 1. Ships in general; ships or vessels of any kind for navigation; the collective body of ships belonging to a country, port, &c.; tonnage; as, the shipping of the English nation exceeds that of any other.-2. Sailing; navigation. (Rare.]

God send 'em good shipping. Shak. - Shipping articles, articles of agreement between the captain of a vessel and the seamen on board in respect to the amount of wages, length of time for which they are shipped, &c.To take shipping, to embark; to enter on board a ship or vessel for conveyance or passage. Jn. vi. 24.

Take, therefore, shipping ; post, my lord, to France.

Shak. Shipping (ship'ing), a. Relating to ships;

as, shipping concerns. Ship-propeller (ship' pro-pel- ér), n. See

Screw-propeller under SCREW. Shippy (ship'i), a. Pertaining to ships; frequented by ships. 'Shippy havens.' Vicars. Ship-rigged (ship'rigd), a. Rigged with square sails and spreading yards like a three-masted ship. Ship-shape(ship'shāp), a. or adv. In a seamanlike manner, or after the fashion of a ship; hence, neat and trim; well arranged. 'A ship-shape orthodox manner.' De Quincey. Look to the babes, and till I come again Keep everything ship-shape, for I must go. Tennyson, Ship's-husband (ships'huz-band), n. A person appointed by the owner or owners of a vessel to look after the repairs, equip. ment, &c., and provide stores, provisions, &c., for a ship while in port and preparatory to a voyage. Ship-tiret (ship'tir). n. A kind of female head-dress. It has been supposed to be so named because adorned with streamers like a ship when dressed, or it may have been fashioned so as to resemble a ship.

Thou hast the right arched beauty of the brow that becomes the ship-tire, the tire-valiant, or any tire of Venetian admittance.

Shak. Ship-worm (ship' werm), n. The Teredo navalis, a testaceous mollusc which is very destructive to ships, piles, and all submarine woodworks. See TEREDO. Shipwreck (ship'rek), n. 1. The wreck of a ship; the destruction or loss at sea of a ship by foundering, striking on rocks or shoals, or by other means. Made orphan by a winter shipwreck.' Tennyson.

We are not to quarrel with the water for inunda tions and shipwrecks.

Sir R, L'Estrange. 2. Fragments; shattered remains, as of a vessel which has been wrecked; wreck. [Rare.)

They might have it in their own country, and that by gathering up the shipwrecks of the Athenian and Roman theatres.

Dryden. 3. Destruction; miscarriage; ruin. 1 Tim. i. 19. Spenser. Shipwreck (ship'rek), v. t. 1. To make to suffer shipwreck, as by running ashore or on rocks or sandbanks, or by the force of wind in a tempest; to wreck; as, many vessels are annually shipwrecked on the British coasts.

No doubt our state will shipwrecked be

And torn and sunk for ever. Sir 7. Davies. 2. To expose to distress, difficulty, or destruction by the loss of a ship; to cast away. Shipwrecked upon a kingdom, where no pity, No friends, no hope; no kindred weep for me. Shak. Shipwright (ship'rit), n. One whose occupation is to construct ships; & builder of ships; a ship-carpenter. Shipyard (ship'yård), n. A yard or piece of ground near the water in which ships or vessels are constructed.

Shiraz (shē-räz'), n. A Persian wine from bleached cotton cloth of a texture, quality,
Shiraz.

and width suitable for shirts.
Shire (shir), n. [A. Sax. scire, scire, a di-Shirtless (shert'les), a. Wanting a shirt.
vision, from sciran, sceran, to shear, to Linsey.woolsey brothers, ... sleeveless
divide. Akin share, sheer, &c. See SHARE,

Some, and shirtless others.

Pope. SHEAR.] A name applied to the larger shist (shist), n. The same as Schist (which divisions into which Great Britain is di

see) vided, and practically corresponding to the

Shistic (shist’ik), a. Same as Schistic. term county, by which it is in many cases

Shistose, Shistous (shist'os, shist'us), a. superseded. Some smaller districts in the

Same as Schistose, Schistous. north of England retain the provincial ap

Shittah-tree (shit'ta-trē). n. (Heb. shittah. pellation of shires; as, Richmondshire, i

pl. shittim.) A tree, generally recognized the north riding of Yorkshire, Hallamshire,

as a species of Acacia, probably the A. vera or the manor of Hallam, in the west riding,

or A. Seyal, which grows abundantly in which is nearly coextensive with the parish

Upper Egypt, in the mountains of Sinai, and of Sheffield. The shire was originally a

in some other Bible lands. It has small division of the kingdom under the jurisdiction of an earl or alderman, whose authority was intrusted to the sherif (shire-reeve). On this officer the government ultimately devolved. The English county members of the House of Commons are called Inights of the shire. The shires in England were subdivided into hundreds, and these again into tithings. In Scotland they were subdivided into wards and quarters. The shires, a belt of English counties running in a north-east direction from Devonshire and Hampshire, the names of which terminate in shire,' but applied in a general way to the midland counties; as, he comes from the shires: he has a seat in the shires. Shire-clerk (shīrklärk), n. In England, an officer appointed by the sheriff to assist in keeping the county court; an under-sheriff; also, a clerk in the old county court who was deputy to the under-sheriff. Shire-gemot, Shire-mote (shir'ge-mot,

Shittah-tree (Acacia vera). shir' mõt)), n. [A. Sax, scir-gemot, shire

pinnate leaves, and in spring is covered meeting-scire, a shire, and gemôt, a meet

with yellow blossoms in the form of round ing ) Anciently, in England, a court held

balls. It is a gnarled and thorny tree, retwice a year by the bishop of the diocese and

sembling a hawthorn in manner of growth the ealdorman in shires that had ealdor

but much larger. It yields gum-arabic, and men, and in others by the bishop and

also a hard close-grained timber, the shittimsheriffs. Cowell.

wood of Scripture. Is. xli. 19. Shire-reevet (shir'rēv), n. A sheriff. See

Shittim - wood (shit' tim-wòd), 11. (See SHERIFF.

SHITTAH-TREE.) A sort of precious wood Shire-town (shïr'toun), n. The chief town

of which the tables, altars, and boards of of a shire; a county town.

the Jewish tabernacle were made. It is Shire - wickt (shir' wik), n. A shire; a

produced by the shittah-tree (probably the county. Holland.

Acacia vera or A. Seyal), and is hard, tough, Shirk (shérk), v.i. [Probably a form of

smooth, durable, and very beautiful. Ex. shark.] 1. To shark; to practise mean or

xxv. 10, 13, 23. artful tricks; to live by one's wits.-2. To

Shittlet (shit), n. A shuttle. avoid or get off unfairly or meanly; to seek

A curious web whose yarn she threw
to avoid the performance of duty.

In with a golden skittle.
One of the cities shirked from the league. Byron.

Shittlet (shit), a. Wavering; unsettled. -To shirk off, to sneak away. (Colloq.]

We passe not what the people say or hate, Shirk (shërk), v.t. 1. To procure by mean Their shittle hate makes none but cowards shake. tricks; to shark.-2. To avoid or get off from

Mir. for Mags. unfairly or meanly; to slink away from; as,

Shittle-cock (shit'l-kok), n. A shuttleto shirk difficulty. [Colloq.)

cock. Not worth a shittle-cock.' Skelton. Shirk (sherk), n. One who seeks to avoid Shittlenesst (shit'l-nes), n. Unsettledness: duty; one who lives by shifts or tricks. inconstancy. The vain shittleness of an See SHARK

unconstant head.' Barret. Shirker (shërk'ér), n. One who shirks duty Shive (shiv), n. (Icel. skifa, a slice, a shavor danger. A faint-hearted shirker of re ing. skifa, to slice or cut in slices; Dan. sponsibilities.' Cornhill Mag.

skive, L. G. schieve, D. schijf, G. scheibe. See Shirky (sherk'i), a. Disposed to shirk; SHEAVE.) 1. A slice; a thin cut; as, a shine characterized by shirking.

of bread. (Old and provincial English. Shirlt (sherl), a Shrill

Easy it is
Shirl (sherl), n. Shorl. (Rare]

Of a cut loaf to steal a shive we know. Shok.
Shirley (sherli), n. [Possibly from scarlet ] 2. A little piece or fragment; as, the shives
The American name of a bird, called also the

of flax made by breaking.-3. A name given greater bullfinch, having the upper part of

by cork-cutters to the small bungs used to the body of a dark brown and the throat close wide-mouthed bottles, in contradisand breast red. Perhaps the pine grosbeak tinction to the phial corks used for parrow. (Pyrrhula enucleator).

necked bottles; also, a thin wooden bung Shirr (shér), n. (Comp. 0.G. scharren, to pre

used by brewers. pare.) An insertion of cord, generally elas Shiver (shiv'er), v. t. (Same root as above : tic, between two pieces of cloth; also, the comp. G. schiefern, to splinter; O.D. schercord itself.

eren, to break in pieces; scheve, a fragment, a Shirred (sherd), a. An epithet applied to ar shive. To break into many small pieces or ticles having lines or cords inserted between

splinters; to shatter; to dash to pieces by a two pieces of cloth, as the lines of india

blow. The ground with shiver'd armour rubber in men's braces.

strown.' Milton. Shirt (shert), n. [Icel. elcyrrta, Dan. skiorte, Shiver (shiv'er), v.š. To fall at once into a shirt; Dan. skiört, a shirt, a petticoat; D.

many small pieces or parts. schort, G. schurz, an apron. The original

The natural world, should gravity once cease, meaning of shirt is a garment shortened.

would instantly shizer into millions of atoms. Skirt is the same word.] A loose garment

Hood mard. of linen, cotton, or other material, worn by

The shattering trumpet shrilleth high, men and boys under the outer clothes.

The hard brands shiver on the steel,

The splinter'd spear-shafts crack and fly, Shirt (shért), v.t. To put a shirt on; to

Tennyson. cover or clothe with, or as with, & shirt. Shiver (shiv'er), n. (From skive, sheare; Ah! for so many souls as but this morn

comp. G. schiefer, a splinter, slate. See also Were clothed with flesh, and warm'd with vital blood, the verb.) 1. A small piece or fragment

But naked now, or shirted but with air. Dryden. into which a thing breaks by any sudden
Shirt-front (shért'frunt), n. The dressed

violence.
part of a shirt which covers the breast; also, He would pound you into shivers with his fist, as
an article of dress made in imitation of this

a sailor breaks a biscuit.

Shat. part; a dickey.

2. + A thin slice; a shive. "A shiver of their Shirting (shërt'ing). n. Bleached or un own loaf.' Puller.-3. In mineral, a species

[graphic]
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in shut she threnamak.

[graphic]
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Othon)

Shoot

of blue slate; schist; shale. – 4. Naut. a a concussion; a violent striking or dashing process of weaving. 1 1. Old woollen or little wheel; a sheave. against.

worsted fabrics torn up or devilled into Shiver (shit'er), v.i. (0.E. chiver, chever;

The strong unshaken mounds resist the shocks fibres by machinery, and mixed with fresh comp. Prov. G. schubbern, to shiver; 0.D. Of tides and seas.

Sir R. Blackmore. but inferior wool, to be respun and made Roereren, to shake.) To quiver; to tremble, 2. Violent onset; assault of contending into cheap cloth, table-covers, &c. Shoddy as from cold; to shudder; to shake, as with armies or foes; hostile encounter. 'In this differs from mungo in being of an inferior arue, fear, horror, or excitement. doubtful shock of arms.' Shak.

quality. -2. The coarse inferior cloth made Any very harsh noise will set the teeth on edge, He stood the shock of a whole host of foes.

from this substance. saadake all the body shiter. Bacon.

Addison. Shoddy (shod'i), a. 1. Made of shoddy; as, As the dog, withheld

3. That which surprises or offends the in shoddy cloth. Hence-2. Of a trashy or inA moment from the vermin that he sees

tellect or moral sense; a strong and sudden ferior character; as, shoddy literature. Before him, shivers as he springs and kills.

agitation; a blow; a stroke; any violent or Shoddy fever, the popular name of a species

Tennyson. Shiver (shiv'er. v. t. Naut. to cause to

sudden impression or sensation. The thou of bronchitis caused by the irritating effect futter or shake in the wind, as a sail, by

sand natural shocks that flesh is heir to.' of the floating particles of dust upon the trimming the yards or shifting the helm so Shak.

mucous membrane of the trachea and its that the wind strikes on the edge of the Fewer shocks a statesman gives his friend. Young.

ramifications. It is of frequent occurrence, sail; as, to shiper the mizzen-topsail.

Its draught

but is easily cured by effervescent saline Shiver (shiver), n. A shaking fit; a tremu

Of cool refreshment, drain'd by fever'd lips,

draughts, &c. May give a shock of pleasure to the frame.

Shoddy-mill (shod'i-mil). n. lous motion. The shiver of dancing leaves.'

A mill emTalfourd.

ployed in the manufacture of yarn from old Tennyson.-The shivers, the ague.

4. In elect. the effect on the animal system Shiveringly (shiv'ér-ing-li), adv. With

woollen cloths and refuse goods. of a discharge of electricity from a charged shivering or slight trembling.

Shodet (shod), n. (Lit. the place at which body.-5. In med, a violent and sudden or Shiver-spar (shiv'er-spår), n. (G. schiefer.

the hair is shed or parted.] The parting of instantaneous disorganization of the system, #path] A carbonate of lime, so called from

a person's hair; the temple. Chaucer. with perturbation of body and mind, conseits slaty structure. Called also Slate-spar.

Shode (shod), n. Same as Shoad. quent upon severe injury, overwhelming Shivery (shir'er-i), a. 1. Pertaining to or

Shodeing, Shoding (shöd'ing), n. Same as mental excitement, and the like.

Shoading.
resembling a shiver or shivering; charac. Shock (shok), v.t. (Perhaps directly from
terized by shivering.

Shoe (sho), n. pl. Shoes (shöz), old pl.
Fr. choquer, to knock or jolt against, choc,
Sad ocean's face

Shoon (shon).
a shock, jolt, collision, but this is itself
A curling undulation skivery swept

[O. E. scho, schoo, A. Sax.

SCÓ, sceo, Dan. and Sw.sko, Icel. skór, Goth. From wave to wave.

Mallet.
from the Teutonic; D. schokken, to jog, to

skohs, G. schuh, a shoe. Probably from root jolt, knock against; 0.G. schocken, schoggen. 2 Easily falling into many pieces; not firmly

seen in Skr. sku, to cover, L. scutum, a Akin to shake, chock.] 1. To shake by the cobering: incompact Shivery stone.'

shield, &c.] 1. À covering for the foot, sudden collision of a body; to strike against Woodward.

usually of leather, coniposed of a thick Shaad (sbödın Probably a Cornish word i suddenly.-2. To meet with hostile force;

kind for the sole, and a thinner kind for to encounter. In pining, a train of metallic stones or

the upper. Over shoes in snow.' Shak. Ingments of ore washed down from a vein Come the three corners of the world in arms

The dull swain
And we will shock them.

Shak. by water, or otherwise separated from it,

Treads on it daily with his clouted shoon. Milton. which serves to direct explorers in the dis3. To strike, as with horror. fear, or disgust:

And the caked snow is shuffled covery of the veins from which they are

to cause to recoil, as from something as From the ploughboy's heavy skoon. Keats. derived Woodward Spelled also Shode.

tounding, odious, appalling, or horrible; to 2. A plate or rim of iron nailed to the hoof Shoading (shöd'ing), n. In mining. the act offend extremely; to disgust; to scandalize. of an animal, as a horse, inule, or other of tracing shoads from the valley in which Advise him not to shock a father's will. Dryden. beast of burden, to defend it from injury. they may be found to the mineral lode from SYN, To offend, disgust, disturb, disquiet, 3. Anything resembling a shoe in form or which they are derived. See SHOAD.

affright, frighten, terrify, appal, dismay. use; as, (a) a plate of iron or slip of wood Shoad - pit (shód' pit), n. A pit or trench Shock (shok), v.i. To meet with a shock;

nailed to the bottom of the runner of a formed on shoading, or tracing shoads to to meet in sudden onset or encounter.

sleigh, or any vehicle that slides on the snow their native vein. And now with shouts the shocking armies closed.

in winter. (1) The inclined piece at the Shoad-stone (shod'ston), n. A small stone

Pore.

bottoin of a water-trunk or lead pipe, for or tragment of ore made smooth by the They saw the moment approach, when the two turning the course of the water and disaction of water passing over it. Woodward. parties would shock together. De Quincey.

charging it from the wall of a building. Shoal (shol), n, (A Sax. scolu, scalu, a Shock (shok), n. (D. schok, G. schock, Dan. (c) An iron socket used in timber framing crowd, a shoal. Also found in forms scool, skok, a heap, a quantity, but now a definite to receive the foot of a rafter or the end of school, scull.) A great multitude assembled: quantity or number, viz. threescore.] 1. A a strut. (d) A drag or sliding piece of wood

crowd; a throng: as, a shoal of herring; pile of sheaves of wheat, rye, &c.; a stook. or iron placed under the wheel of a loaded shoals of people. Shoals of pucker'd faces.' Job v. 26.

vehicle to retard its motion in going down Tennyeon Behind the master walks, builds up the shocks.

a hill. (b) An inclined trough used in an

Thomson. The vices of a prince draw shoals of followers.

ore crushing-mill. (C) The step of a mast Dr. H. More,

2. In com. a lot of sixty pieces of loose goods, resting on the keelson. (9) The iron armShoal (shol), 2. To crowd: to throng; to as staves.

ing to a handspike, polar pile, and the like. assemble in a multitude. "Entrail about Shock (shok), v.t. To make up into shocks -Shoe of an anchor, (a) a small block of which ... fish did shoal.' Chapman. or stooks; as, to shock corn.

wood, convex on the back, with a hole to Shoal (shol). n. (Probably from or allied to Shock (shok), v.i. To collect sheaves into a receive the point of the anchor fluke, used Mallou , 8c. echaul. See SHALLOW.) A place pile; to pile sheaves.

to prevent the anchor from tearing the where the water of a river, lake, or sea is Bind fast, shock apace, have an eye to thy corn. planks of the ship's bow when raised or shallow or of little depth; a sandbank or

Tusser. lowered. (b) A broad triangular piece of bar; a shallow; more particularly, among Shock (shok), n. (Modified from shag.) 1. A

thick plank fastened to the fluke to extend stamen, a sandbank which dries at low dog with long rough hair; a kind of shaggy

its area and consequent bearing surface dog.-2. A mass of close matted hair; as, her

when sunk in soft ground. Say, Wolsey, that once trod the ways of glory.

head was covered with a shock of coarse redShoe (sho), v.t. pret. & pp. shod; ppr. shoeAnd sounded all the depths and shoals of honour. hair.

ing. 1. To furnish with shoes; to put shoes Shak. shock (shok), a. Shaggy; having shaggy | on; as, to shoe a horse. -2. To cover at the Shoal (shól). vi. To become more shallow; hair.

bottom. The small end of the billiard as, the water shoals as we approach the His red shock peruke ... was laid aside.

stick, which is shod with brass or silver.' towa

Sir W. Scott.
Shoal (shol), v. t.

Evelyn.-To shoe an anchor, to place a shoe
Shock-dog (shok'dog), n. A dog having
Vaut to cause to become

on its flukes. See under SHOE, n.
more shallow; to proceed from a greater
| very long shaggy hair; a shock.

Shoeblack (sho'blak). n. A person that into a lesser depth of: as, a vessel shoals her

Shock-headed, Shock-head (shokhedwater by sailing from a deep to a shallow ed, shok'hed), a. Having a thick and bushy

cleans shoes. -Shoeblack brigade. See BRI. head. place. Marryat.

GADE. Shoal (shol), 3. Shallow; of little depth; as,

The poplars, in long order due,

Shoeblacker (sho'blak-ér), n. Same as ShoeWith cypress promenaded,

black. shoal water.

The shock-head willows two and two

Shoe-block (sho'blok), n. Naut. a block Shoaliness (shol'i-nes),n. The state of being

By rivers gallopaded. Tennyson.

with two sheaves, one above the other, but choaly, or of abounding with shoals; shallow Shoclding (shok'ing), a Causing a shock of the one horizontal and the other perpenDess, Bttle depth of water; state of abound

horror, disgust, or pain; causing to recoil dicular. ing with shoals.

with horror or disgust; extremely offensive Shoeboy (shö'boi ), n. A boy that cleans Sboaling (shöl'ing). p. and a. Becoming

or disgusting; very obnoxious or repugnant. shoes. shallow by being filled up with shoals.

* The grossest and most shocking villanies.' Shoe - brush (shö'brush), n. A brush for Had Inveresk been a shoaling estuary as at pre Abp. Secker.

cleaning shoes. For this purpose a set of sert, it is dithcult to see how the Romans should

The French humour , . . is very shocking to the three brushes is often employed-one, made save spade choice of it as a port. Sir C. Lyell.

Italians.

Addison. with short hard hair, for removing the dirt; Shoalwise (shöl' wiz), ado. In shoals or SYN. Appalling, terrifying, frightful, dread a second, with soft and longer hair, for Crowde

ful, terrible, formidable, disgusting, offen. | spreading on blacking; and a third, with When he goes abroad, as he does now shoalwise, sive.

hair of medium length and softness, for Jaun Bull funds a great host of innkeepers, &c. Shockingly (shok'ing-li). adv. In a shock polishing.

Prof. Blackie. Shoaly (sholt), a. Full of shoals or shallow

ing manner; disgustingly; offensively. Shoebuckle (sho'buk-1), n. A buckle for

Shamelessly and shockingly corrupt.' Burke. places

fastening the shoe to the foot; an ornament Shockingness (shok'ing-nes), n. The state in the shape of a buckle worn on the upper The tossing vessel sail'd on shoaly ground. Dryden. of being shocking.

of a shoe. Shoar (shor), m. A prop; a shore. shod (shod). Pret. & pp. of shoe.

| Shoe - factor (shö'fak-ter), n. A factor or Shoat (hot). n. A young hog. See SHOTE. Shoddy (shod'i), n. [Said to be from shod, wholesale dealer in shoes. shock (ahok). n. (Same word as D. schok,

a a provincial pp. of shed - the original Shoe-hammer (shö'ham-mér), n. A hanbounce, a jolt;0. and Prov. G. schock, a shock. meaning of the word being the flue or mer with a broad slightly convex face for Ste the verb.) 1 A violent collision of bodies; fluff thrown off, or shed, from cloth in the pounding leather on the lapstone to con

water.

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