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dense the pores, and for driving sprigs, pegs, Shook (shyk), pret. & pp. of shake.

7. To make progress; to advance. &c., and with a wide, thin, rounding peen Shook (shuk), n. (A form of shock, a pile of Delightful task, to rear the tender thought, used in pressing out the creases incident to sheaves (which see)) A set of staves and To teach the young idea how to shoor. Thomsen. the crimping of the leather. headings sufficient for one hogshead, barrel,

8. To take instantaneous and solid shape. Shoeing-horn, Shoe-horn (sho'ing-horn, and the like, prepared for use and bound

If the menstruum be overcharged metals will star shö'horn), n. 1. A curved piece of polished up in a compact form for convenience of

into crystals.

Baser. horn (now also of sheet-metal) used to facili transport. Boards for boxes, prepared or tate the entrance of the foot into a tight fitted for use and packed in the same way,

9. To push or be pushed out; to stretch; to shoe. -2. Anything by which a transaction bear the same name.

project; to jut. is facilitated; anything used as a medium; Shook (shnk), v. t. To pack in shooks.

Its dominions shoot out into several branches Shool (shül), v. t. hence, a dangler on young ladies, encouraged

To shovel.

through the breaks of the mountains. (Scotch.]

Addison merely to draw on other admirers. Shool (shul), n. A shovel (Scotch.)

-To shoot ahead, to more swiftly away in Most of our fine young ladies . . . retain in their

Shoon (shyn), old pl. of shoe (which see). front; to outstrip competitors in running, service as great a number as they can of supernumer. Shoot (shot), v. t. pret. & pp. shot; ppr. sailing, swimming, or the like. ary insignificant fellows, which they use like whiflers. shooting (the participle shotten is obsolete). Shoot (shöt), n. 1. The act of one who or and commonly call shoeing-horns. dddison. [A. Sax. sceộtan, to shoot, rush, dart, Icel.

that which shoots; the discharge of a mis3. An incitement to drinking; something skjóta, to shoot (a weapon), to push, to sile; a shot. Shak. to draw on another glass or pot.

shove; Dan. skyde, to shoot, to push, to The Turkish bow giveth a very forcible shoot.
A slip of bacon ..
sprout; so also D. schieten, G. schiessen, to

Bacon. Shall serve as a shoeing-norn to draw on two pots of shoot, dart, &c. Shut is a closely allied

The spindle of the shuttle contains enough weft for Bp. Still.

Englisk Enge. ale.

several shoots or throws. form.) 1. To let fly or cause to be driven

2. A young branch which shoots out from Shoe-knife (sho'nil). n. A knife with a thin with force; to propel, as from a bow or fire

the main stock; hence, an annual growth. arm : followed by a word denoting the misblade fixed by a tang in a wooden handle, used by shoemakers for cutting and paring sile as an object; as, to shoot an arroio, a

as the annual layer of growth on the shell ball, or the like. "A fine volley of words,

of an oyster.-3. A young swine. (In this leather. Shoe-latchet (shölach-et), n. A shoe-tie.

sense written also Shote, Shoat.-4. The and quickly shot off.' Shak.

thrust of an arch.-5. In mining, a vein runShoe-leather (shö'leth-ér), n. Leather for

This murderous shaft that's shot shoes.

ning parallel to the strata in which it occurs.

Is not yet lighted, and our safest way
Shoeless (shoʻles), a. Destitute of shoes.

Is to avoid the aimn.

6. A kind of sloping trough for conveying

2. To discharge, causing a missile or charge

coal, grain, &c., into a particular receptacle. Caltrops very inuch incommoded the shoeless Moors.

to be driven forth; to let off ; to fire off: Addison.

7. A place for shooting rubbish into. Shoemaker (sho'mak-er), 9. Properly, a with the weapon as an object, and followed These (refuse bricks) they usually carry to the maker of shoes, though this name is often generally by off.


Examples, which like a applied to every one connected with the warning-piece must be shot off to frighten

8. A weft thread in a woven fabric. calling, as the person who makes boots or others.' Dryden.-3. To strike with any. The patentee throws in a thick shoot or weft or any other article in the trade, and also to thing shot; to hit, wound, or kill with a woollen or cotton.

Ure. the employing party as well as the em missile discharged from a weapon: with the Shoot (shöt), n. [Fr. chute, but the form ployed.

person or thing struck as the object. “Love's has been modified by the verb to shoot Shoemaking (sho'mak-ing), n. The trade bow shoots buck and doe.' Shak. Shoot | Same as Chute. of making shoes.

folly as it flies.' Pope.-4. To send ont or Shooter (shot'er), n. 1. One that shoots; an Shoe-pack (sho'pak), 72. A moccasin made forth with a sudden or violent motion; to archer; a gunner. - 2. An implement for

of tanned leather, with the black side in. discharge, propel, expel, or empty out with shooting; a gun; as, a pea-shooter; a sixShoe-peg (shö'peg), 1. A small pointed peg rapidity or violence. A pit into which shooter.-3. A shooting-star. Herbert. Rare. or slip of wood used to fasten the upper to the dead-carts had pightly shot corpses by Shooting (shot'ing), p. and a. Pertaining to the sole, and the outer and inner sole toge scores.' Macaulay. Open waste spaces, one who or that which shoots; especially, ther. Pegs of compressed leather and metal

where rubbish is shot without let or hin-1 pertaining to or connected with the killing rivets are also used for this purpose. drance.' W. H. Russell.

of game by firearms; as, a shooting license; Shoer (sho'èr), n. One that furnishes or Mr. Weller wheeled his master nimbly to the green

the shooting season. puts on shoes; as, a shoer of horses.

hill, shot him dexterously out by the side of the bas. Shooting (shöt'ing), n. 1. The act of one Shoe-shave (sho'shav), n. An instrument


Dickens. who shoots; the act or practice of dischargon the principle of a spokeshave for trim 5. To drive or cast with the hand in work ing firearms; especially, the act or practice ming the soles of boots and shoes.

ing. "An honest weaver as ever shot shuttle.' of killing game with firearms; as, to be Shoe- stirrup (sho'stér-rup), n. A stirrup B. Jonson.-6. To push or thrust forward ; fond of shooting and fishing.-2. A right to having a foot-rest shaped like a shoe. to dart forth; to protrude.

shoot game over a certain district -3. A Shoe-stone (shö'ston), n. A whetstone for All they that see me laugh me to scorn; they shoot

district or defined tract of ground over a shoe-knife.

out the lip, they shake the head. Ps. xxii. 7. which game is shot. -4. Sensation of a quick Shoe-strap (sho'strap), n. A strap attached Beware the secret snake that shoots a sting. glancing pain. to a shoe for fastening it to the foot.


I fancy we shall have some rain by the shooting of Shoe-stretcher (sho'strech-er), n. An ex

7. To put forth or extend by way of vege

my corns.

Goldsmu pansible last made in two or more pieces table growth. Ezek. xxxi. 14; Mark iv. 32.

5. In carp. the operation of planing the edge for distending shoes. 8. To variegate, as by sprinkling or inter

of a board straight Shoe-string (shö'string), n. A string used mingling different colours; to give a chang.

Shooting-board (shöting-bord), n. A board to fasten the shoe to the foot. ing colour to; to colour in spots or patches;

or planed metallic slab with a race on which Shoe-tie (sho'ti), n. A ribbon or string for to streak.

an object is held while its edge is squared fastening the two sides of the shoe together.

The tangled watercourses slept,

or reduced by a side-plane. It is used by Shofe, t pret. Shoved; thrust. Chaucer.

Shot over with purple and green and yellow.


carpenters and joiners, and also by stereoShog (shog), n. (A word originating partly 9. To pass rapidly through, under, or over;

typers in trimming the edges of stereotype in jog, partly in shock.) A gudden shake; a as, to shoot a rapid or a bridge. She ...

plates. shock; concussion. Dryden; Bentley. shoots the Stygian sound.' Dryden. 'Shoot.

Shooting-box (shöt'ing-boks), n. A house Shog (shog), v.t. To shake; to agitate.

ing Niagara.' Carlyle.-10. In carp. to plane

for the accommodation of a sportsman durShog (shog), v.i. To move off; to be gone; straight or fit by planing. Two pieces of

ing the shooting season. to jog. wood that are shot, that is, planed or pared

Shooting-coat (shot'ing-köt), n. The name Come, prithee, let us shog off, with a chisel.' Moxon,-To be shot of, to

given by tailors to a variety of coat supAnd browse an hour or two. Beau. & FI. get quit of; to be released from. (Colloq.)

posed to be suitable for sportsmen. Shogging (shog'ing), n._Concussion.

Are you not glad to be shot of him! Sir W. Scott.

Shooting-gallery (shöt'ing-gal-le-ri), 2. A Shoggle (shog'í), v. t. (Freq. of shog; comp.

place covered in for the practice of shootjoggle.) To shake; to joggle. (Provincial.) - I'll be shot, a mild euphemistic form of

ing; a covered shooting range. Shogun (sho'gun), n. The proper name of


Shooting-jacket(shöt'ing-jak-et),n. A name the major-domos of the imperial palace

rul be shot if it an't very curious. Dickens.

given by tailors to a kind of jacket supposed and generalissimos of Japan, who formerly | Shoot (shöt), v. i. 1. To perform the act of to be suitable for shooting purposes. usurped the governing power. Also called discharging a missile from an engine or in Shooting-star (shöt'ing-stär), . A meteor Tycoon. See TYCOON.

strument; to fire; as, to shoot at a target or in a state of incandescence seen suddenly Shola (sho'la), n. See SOLA. mark.

darting along some part of the sky. See Sholet (shol), n. (See SHOAL) A throng; a The archers have sorely grieved him, and shot at AEROLITE, METEOR, 2, and METEORIO crowd; a shoal.


Gen. xlix. 23. Shooting-stick (shot'ing-stik), n. An imShole, t a. (See SHOAL) Shallow. Spenser. 2. To be emitted ; to dart forth; to rush or | plement used by printers for tightening or Shole (shöl). 12. Naut. a piece of plank move along rapidly; to dart along. And loosening the coins that wedge up the pages placed under the soles of standards, or un certain stars shot madly from their spheres.' | in a chase. It is in the shape of a wedge der the heels of shores, in docks or on slips Shak.

about 1 inch broad and 9 inches long, and is where there are no groundways, in order There shot a streaming lamp along the sky. made of hardwood or iron, to enable them to sustain the weight re

Dryden. Shooty (shot'i), a. Of equal growth or size: quired without sinking. Also, a piece of

3. To be felt as if darting through one; as, coming up regularly in the rows, as potaplank fixed under anything by way of pro shooting pains.

toes. [Local.) tection, as a piece put on the lower end of Thy words shoot through my heart. Addison. Shop (shop), n. (A. Sax. sceoppa, a treasury, a rudder, which, in case of the ship's strik 4. To be affected with sharp darting pains. a storehouse; O.D. schop, L. G. schupp, G. ing the ground, may be knocked off without

These preachers make

schoppen, schuppen, a shed, booth, &c.] 1.A injury to the rudder.

His head to shoot and ache. Herbert, building or apartment,generally with a frontShonde, n. (A. Sax. sceond. See SHEND.) 5. To sprout; to germinate; to put forth

age to the street or roadway, and in which Harm; injury. Chaucer. buds or shoots. "Onions, as they hang, will

goods are sold by retail.-2. A building in Shone (shon), pret. & pp. of shine. shoot forth.' Bacon. - 6. To increase in

which workmen or operatives carry on their Shoo (sho), interj. (Comp. G. scheuchen, to growth; to grow taller or larger.

occupation; as, a joiner's shop; an engine scare.) Begonel offl away! used in scaring

The monarch oak, the patriarch of the trees,

shop; a workshop.--3. One's business or proaway fowls and other animals. Also written

Shoots rising up, and spreads by slow degrees.

fession: generally used in connection with a Shough, Shue.

Dryden, person whose mind is of a limited range and




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confined to his own calling. The shop sits 2. In law, the space between ordinary high-Shorn (shorn), pp. of shear. 1. Cut off; as, heavy on him.' Dickens. (Colloq.]

water mark and low - water mark; fore a lock of wool shorn.-2. Having the hair or He thinks he has a soul beyond the shop. shore.

wool cut off; as, a shorn lamb.-3. Deprived; Cornkill Mag. In the Roman law, the shore included the land as as, a prince shorn of his honours. Royalty -To talk shop, to speak of one's calling or high up as the largest wave extended in winter.

... not shorn of its dignity.' Quart. Rev. profession only

Shop (shop), v. i pret. shopped; ppr. shop-
Shore (shor), v.t. To set on shore.

Nor appeared

Less than archangel ruined, and the excess ping. To visit shops for purchasing goods: I will bring these two moles, these blind ones of glory obscured: as when the sun, new-risen, used chiefly in the present participle; as, aboard him, if he thinks it fit to skore them again.

Looks through the horizontal misty air, the lady is shopping.

Shorn of his beams.

Shore (shor), n. A sewer (which see).
Shop-bill (shop bil), n. An advertisement

Short (short), a. [A. Sax. sceort, scort, short, Shore (shor), n. (D. and L. G. schore, schoor, of a shopkeeper's business or list of his

from the stem of shear, to cut off ; 0.H.G. Icel. skortha, a prop, a shore. The word may goods, printed separately for distribution.

scurz, short, cut off; Icel. skorta, to be short have meant originally a piece or length of Shop-board (shop'bord), n. A bench on

of, to lack, hence skort, participle, used in timber, and is thus from A. Sax. sceran, to which work is performed

such phrases as to be short, to fall short. ) shear, and akin to shore, the beach.) A prop; Nor till the late age was it ever known that any

1. Not long: not having great length or a piece of timber or iron for the temporary one served seven years to a smith or tailor, that he

linear extension; as, a short distance; a should commence doctor or divine from the shop support of something.

short flight; a short piece of timber. heard of the anvil. Soutit. As touching props and shores to support vines, the

The bed is shorter than that a man can stretch Shop-book (shop buk). n. A book in which best (as we have said) are those of the oke or olive

himself on it.

Is. xxviii. 20. tree.

& tradesman keeps his accounts. Locke.
Shop-boy (shop'boi), 1. A boy employed in
Especially, (a) a prop or oblique timber

2. Not extended in time; not of long dura

tion. & shop acting as a strut on the side of a building,

The triumphing of the wicked is short. Job xx. 5. Shope, pret. of shape. Shaped; framed.

as when it is in danger of falling, or when Chaucer.

alterations are being made on the lower 3. Not up to a fixed or certain standard ; Shop-girl (shop'gerl), n. A girl employed

part of it, the upper end of the shore rest not reaching a certain point; limited in

ing against that part of the wall on which quantity; insufficient; inadequate; scanty: in a shop

deficient; defective; as, a short supply of there is the greatest stress. (6) In shipShopkeeper (shopkēp-ér), n. 1. One who

building, (1) a prop fixed under a ship's side provisions, short allowance of money or food; keeps a shop for the retail sale of goods; a trader who sells goods in a shop or by re

or bottom to support her on the stocks, or short weight or measure. Praise too short.' tail, in distinction from a merchant, or one when laid on the blocks on the slip. (2) A Shak.

It's not to put off bad money, or to give short mea. who sells by wholesale; a tradesman. timber temporarily placed beneath a beam

Sure or light weight. to afford additional support to the deck To found a great empire for the sole purpose of

Ferrold. when taking in the lower masts. See also the

4. Insufficiently provided; inadequately supraising up & people of customers may at first sight appear a project only for a nation of shopkeepers. articles DOG-SHORE, SKEG-SHORE, and SPUR.

plied; scantily furnished; not possessed of Ad. Smith, -Dead shore, an upright piece fixed in a

a reasonable or usual quantity or amount: 2. An article that has been long on hand in

wall that has been cut or broken through only used predicatively, and often with ofas, a shop; as, that bonnet is an old shopkeeper. to support the superstructure during the

we have not got our quantity, we are still (Familiar.) alterations being made on the building.

short: to be short of money or means. Short Shopkeeping (shop'kēp-ing), n. The busiShore (shor), v.t. pret. & pp. shored; ppr.

of succours, and in deep despair.' Dryden. ness of keeping a shop.

5. Not far in the future; not distant in time; shoring. To support by a post or shore; Shoplifter (shoplift-ér). n. One who steals

near at hand. "Sore offended that his deto prop: usually with up; as, to shore up a anything in a shop or purloins goods from building.

parture should be so short.' Spenser. & shop; particularly, one who under pre

The most of his allies rather leaned upon him than

He commanded those who were appointed to at. tence of buying goods takes occasion to shored him up.

Wotton. tend him to be ready by a short day. Clarendon, steal Stift

Shore (shor), v.t. To threaten; to offer. 6. Limited in intellectual power or grasp; Shoplifting (shoplift-ing), n. Larceny com (Scotch.)

not far-reaching or comprehensive; conmitted in a shop; the stealing of anything

A panegyric rhyme, I ween,

tracted; narrow; not tenacious; as, a short from a shop.

Even as I was he shored me. Burns,

memory. Since their own short understandShoplike (shop'lik), a. Low; vulgar. 'Be Shorea (shoʻrē-a), n. [Perhaps from some ings reach no further than the present.' she never so shoplike or meretricious.' B. person of the name of Shore.] A small genus

Rowe.-7. Curt; brief; abrupt; pointed:sharp; Jonsun. of Indian plants, nat, order Dipteraceæ. One

petulant; severe; uncivil; as, a short answer. Shop-maid (shop'mad), n. A young woman species (S. robusta) is a lofty and orna

I will be bitter with him, and passing short. Shak. who attends in a shop.

mental tree with enShopman (shop'man), n. 1. A petty trader;

8. Breaking or crumbling readily in the tire leaves and axillary a shopkeeper. and terminal panicles

mouth; crisp; as, the paste is light and short. The shopman sells, and by destruction lives. of very sweet yellow

His flesh is not firm, but short and tasteless. Dryden. flowers, which are

Is. W'alton. 2 One who serves in a shop.

9. Brittle; friable; as, iron is made coldsucceeded by shuttleMy wife ... could be of much use as a shopman

short, that is, brittle when cold, by the precock-like fruits, the Idler. shape of which is

sence of phosphorus, and hot-short or red

short by the presence of sulphur.-10. Not Shopocracy (shop-ok'ra-si), n. The body of caused by the ultimate

prolonged in sound; as, a short vowel or shopkeepers. (Humorous.)

enlargement of the Shopper (shop'er), n. One who shops; one

syllable; the 0-sound is long in coat and sepals into erect leafy

short in cot.-11. Unmixed with water; unwho frequents shops.

wings surmounting Shoppish (shop'ish), a. Having the habits the fruit. It yields the

diluted, as spirits; neat. (Slang.) and manners of a shopman. timber called in India

Come, Jack, let us have a drop of something short.

Trollope. Shoppy (shop'i), a. 1 Pertaining to a shop saul or sal, which is

12. Followed by of, and used predicatively or shops; abounding with shops; as, a shoppy employed in the

in comparative statements: (a) less than; neighbourhood.-2. A term applied to a per North-west Provinces Fruit of Shorea robusla.

below: inferior to: as, his escape was nothing son full of nothing but his own calling or in all government

short of a miracle. profession. Mrs. Gaskell. (Collog, in both works, house timbers, gun - carriages, &c. senises)

Hardly anything short of an invasion could rouse The wood is of a uniform light-brown col

them to war.

Landor. Shop-shift + (shop'shift). n. The shift or our, close-grained and strong. The tree trick of a shopkeeper; deception. There's exudes a resin called by the natives ral or

(6) Inadequate to; not equal to. a shop-shift! plague on 'em.' B. Jonson. dhoona. See SAL

Immoderate praises the foolish lover thinks short

of his mistress, though they reach far beyond the Shop-walker (shop'wak-ér), n. An attend. Shoreage (shor'äj), n. Same as Shorage. heavens.

Sir P. Sidney ant or overseer in a large shop who walks Shore-land (shor'land), n. Land bordering in front of the counter attending to cus

-At short sight, a term used with reference on a shore or sea-beach. tomers, directing them to the proper de

to a bill which is payable soon after being Shoreless (shor'les), a. Having no shore or

presented to the acceptor or payer.-Short partment for the goods they need, seeing coast; of indefinite or unlimited extent.

allowance, less than the usual or regular quanthat they are served, and the like.

The short channels of expiring time, Shop-woman (shop'wy-man), n. A woman

tity served out, as the allowance to sailors or

Or shoreless ocean of eternity. Young. who serves in a shop.

soldiers during a protracted voyage, march, Shoreling (shor'ling), n. Same as Shorling. siege, or the like, when the stock of proShop-worn (shop'worn), a. Somewhat worn

Shoreward (shor'werd), adv. Towards the or damaged by being kept long in a shop.

visions is getting low, with no prospect of shore.

a speedy fresh supply. In the royal navy Shorage (shor'áj), 7. Duty paid for goods This mounting wave will roll us shoreward soon. brought on shore.

ofñcers and men are paid the nominal value

Shore (shor), pret. of shear.
Shoreweed (shor'wēd), n. A British plant

of the provisions so stopped, such sum being This heard Geraint, and grasping at his sword, ... of the genus Littorella, the L. lacustris. See

called short allowance money.-Short is used Share through the swarthy neck.

in the formation of numerous self-explainTennyson. LITTORELLA.

| Shore (sbor). n.

ing compounds, as short-armed, short-eared, Shoring (shor'ing). n. (A. Sax. score, the shore.

1. The act of sup

porting with props or shores.-2. A number from berare, sciran, to shear, to divide; O.D.

short-legged, short-tailed, &c. schoore, schoor.

Short (short), adv. In a short manner; not or set of props or shores taken collectively. The shore is therefore the

long; limitedly; briefly; abruptly; suddenly; line at which the sea is divided from the

Shorl. See SCHORL. land. See SHEAR.] 1. The coast or land

as, to stop short; to run short; to turn short. Shorlaceous (shor-la'shus). See SCHORLA

-To come short, to be unable to fulfil, as CEOUS adjacent to a great body of water, as an Shorling (shorʻling), n. (From shear, pret.

a command, demand, hope, expectation, or ocean or sea, or to a large lake or river.

the like; to be unable to reach, as a certain 'The fruitful shore of muddy Nile.' Spen shore.] 1. Wool shorn from a living sheep, 1.

necessary point or standard ; to fail in; to in opposition to that of a dead sheep or The dreadful shore of Styx.' Shak.

be deficient in: generally followed by of. morling (which see).-2. A sheep of the first "When load surges lash the sounding shore.'

year's shearing; a shearling; a newly shorn For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of

And two such shores to two such streams made one,
A shaveling; a contemptuous

Rom. iii. 23.

To attain Two such controlling bounds shall you be, kings, name for a priest.

The highth and depth of Thy eternal ways To these two princes, if you marry them. Shak. Shorlite (shorlit). See SCHORLITE.

All human thoughts come short. Milton.

is therefore the


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weapon. I wenty shot of his grea Clarendon

-To fall short, (a) to be inadequate or insufficient; as, provisions fall short; money falls short. (b) To be not equal to; to be unable to do or accomplish. He fell much short of what I had attained to.' Newton. *Their practice fell short of their know. ledge.' South. - To sell short, in stock-broking, to sell for future delivery what the seller does not at the time possess, but hopes to buy at a lower rate. - To stop short, (a) to stop suddenly or abruptly; to arrest one's self at once. As one condemned to leap a precipice ... stops short.' Dryden. (6) Not to reach the extent or importance of ; not to go so far as intended or wished; not to reach the point indicated. Opposition which stopped short of open rebellion.' Macaulay. -To take short, to take to task suddenly; to check abruptly; to reprimand; to answer curtly or uncivilly: sometimes with up.-To turn short, to turn on the spot occupied; to turn without making a compass; to turn round abruptly. For turning short he struck with all his might.' Dryden. Short (short), n. 1. A summary account; as, the short of the matter.

The short on't is, 'tis indifferent to your humble servant whatever your party says. Dryden. 2. In pros a short syllable ; as, mind your longs and shorts. (School slang)-In short, in few words; briefly; to sum up in few words.

In short, she makes a man of him at sixteen, and a boy all his life after.

Sir R. L'Estrange. The long and the short, a brief summing up in decisive, precise, or explicit terms.

The short and the long is, our play is preferred.' Shak. Short (short), v.t. 1. To shorten. - 2. To make the time appear short to; to amuse; to divert: used reflexively. Furth I fure ... to schort me on the sandis.

Sir D. Lindsay. Shortt (short), v.i. To fail; to decrease.

His sight wasteth, his wytte mynysheth, his lyf shorteth. The book of Good Manners, 1486. Shortage (short'aj), n. Amount short or deficient; often an amount by which a sum of money is deficient. Short-billed (shortbild), a. Having a short bill or beak; brevirostrate; as, short-billed birds. Short-bread (short'bred), 12. Same as Short

cake. Short-breathed (short bretht), a. Hav

ing short breath or quick respiration. Arbuthnot. Short-cake (short kåk). n. A sweet and very brittle cake, in which butter or lard has been mixed with the flour. Short-clothes (short'kloTHz), n. pl. Coverings for the legs of men or boys, consisting of breeches coming down to the knees, and long stockings. Shortcoming (short'kum-ing), n. 1. A failing of the usual produce, quantity, or amount, as of a crop.-2. A failure of full performance, as of duty. Short-dated (short'dāt-ed),a. Having little time to run. The course of thy short-dated life.' Sandys. Short-drawn (short'dran), a. Drawn in without filling the lungs; imperfectly inspired; as, short-drawn breath. Shorten (short'n), v. t. (From short.] 1. To make short in measure, extent, or time; as, to shorten distance; to shorten a road; to shorten days of calamity.--2. To abridge; to lessen ; to make to appear short; as, to shorten labour or work. We shorten'd days to moments by love's art.

Suckling, 3. To curtail; as, to shorten the hair by clipping.-4. To contract; to lessen; to diminish in extent or amount; as, to shorten sail; to shorten an allowance of provisions.-5. To confine; to restrain.

Here where the subject is so fruitful, I am shortened by my chain.

Dryden. 6. To lop; to deprive. “Spoil'd of his nose, and shortenid of his ears.' Dryden.-7. To make short or friable, as pastry, with butter or lard. Shorten (short'n), v.i. 1. To become short or shorter. The shortening day.' Swift.2. To contract; as, a cord shortens by being wet; a metallic rod shortens by cold. Shortener (short'n-er), n. One who or that

which shortens. Shortening (short'n-ing), n. 1. The act of making short.-2. Something used in cook. ery to make paste short or friable, as butter or lard.

Shorthand (shorthand), n. A general term tends; myopia; near-sightedness. (6) Defec-
for any system of contracted writing; a tive or limited intellectual sight: inability
method of writing by substituting charac to see far into futurity or into things deep
ters, abbreviations, or symbols for words; or abstruse.

Cunning is a sort of short-sightedness. Addisor.
In shorthand skilled, where little marks comprise

Short-spoken (short'spo-kn), a. Speaking Whole words, a sentence in a letter lies. Creech.

in a short or quick-tempered manner; sharp Short-handed (short'hand-ed), a. Not hav. in address. ing the necessary or regular number of short-waisted (short'wäst-ed), a. Having hands, servants, or assistants.

a short waist or body: said of a person, a Short-head (short'hed), n. A sailor's term dress, or a ship. for a sucking whale under one year old, Short-winded (short'wind-ed), a. Affectel which is very fat and yields above thirty with shortness of breath; having a quick barrels of blubber. Simmonds.

respiration, as dyspnoic and asthmatic perShort-horn (short'horn), n. One of a breed sons. of oxen, having the horns shorter than in

Hesure means brevity in breath, short-winded. Shat. almost any other variety. The breed ori

Short-witted (short'wit-ed), a. Having ginated in the beginning of this century in

little wit; not wise; of scanty intellect or the valley of the Tees, but is now spread over

all the richly pastured districts of Britain.
The cattle are easily fattened, and the flesh

Piety doth not require at our hands that we should

be either short-witted or beggarly. Sur M. Hale. is of excellent quality, but for dairy purposes they are inferior to some other breeds. The

Shory (shor'i), a. Lying near the shore or word is often used adjectively; as, the short

coast. [Rare.) horn breed.

Those shory parts are generally but some fathoms Short-horned (short'hornd), a. Having

T. Burnet. short horns; as, the short-horned breed of Shot (shot), n. (Both Shot and Shots are cattle.

used as the plural.) (From shoot (which see); Short-jointed (short'joint-ed), a. 1. Hav. A. Sax. gescot, an arrow.] 1. The act of shooting short intervals between the joints: said ing; discharge of a firearm or other missile of plants.-2. Having a short pastern: said of a horse.

He caused twenty shot of his greatest cannon to
Short-laid (short'låd), a. A term in rope be made at the king's ariny.
making for short-twisted.

Here once the embattled farmers stood
Short-lived (short livd), a. Not living or

And fired the shot heard round the world. Emerson. lasting long; being of short continuance:

2. A missile, particularly a ball or bullet. as, a short-lived race of beings; short-lived The term shot is generally applied to all pleasure; short-lived passion. 'Short-lived

solid projectiles, and also to hollow propride.' Shak.

jectiles without bursting charges. In heavy Suit lightly won, and short-lived pain,

ordnance spheres of stone were originally For monarchs seldom sigh in vain. Sir W. Scott.

used, but lead and iron balls were after.

wards substituted. The introduction of Shortly (shortli), adv. In a short or brief

rifled firearms has led to the almost unitime or manner; as, (a) quickly; soon. Did

versal adoption of elongated shot, and, as return to be shortly murdered.' Shak.

in the case of the Palliser shot, the same The armies came shortly in view of each other. projectile may be used with or without a


bursting charge, as it is cast hollow so as (6) In few words; briefly; as, to express

to answer the functions either of a shot or ideas more shortly in verse than in prose.

shell. Spherical shot of cast-iron are still Shortness (short'nes), n. The quality of

retained in use for mortars or smooth-bore being short; as, (a) want of length or ex

ordnance. Various kinds of shot are or tent in space or time; little length or little duration; as, the shortness of a journey or

have been used, and are classified according

to the material, according to form, and acof distance; the shortness of the days in

cording to structure and mode of operation; winter; the shortness of life.

as, angel-shot, bar-shot, buck-shot, chain-skot, I'd make a journey twice as far, to enjoy

case-shot, canister, crossbar-shot, grape-shot, A second night of such sweet shortness. Shak.

round-shot, sand-shot (which see).-3. Small They move strongest in a right line, which is caused by the shortness of the distance.

globular masses of lead for use with fowling. Bacon.

pieces, &c., made by running molten lead (6) Fewness of words; brevity; conciseness.

combined with a little arsenic through a The necessity of shortness causeth men to cut off sieve or pouring it from a ladle with a serimpertinent discourses, and to comprise much matter

rated edge from the top of a high tower in a few words.


(see SHOT-TOWER) into water at the bottom. (c) Want of reach or the power of retention;

The stream of metal breaks into drops which as, the shortness of the memory. (d) Defi

become spherical. To obviate the use of the ciency; imperfection; limited extent; pov

high tower various expedients have been erty; as, the shortness of our reason.

tried, such as dropping the metal through Short-rib (short'rib), n. One of the lower

a tube up through which a strong current ribs; a rib shorter than the others, below

of air is driven, or dropping the molten the sternum; a false rib. Wiseman.

lead through a column of glycerine or oil.Shorts (shorts), n. pl. 1. The bran and

4. The flight of a missile, or the range or coarse part of meal, in mixture.-2. A term

distance through which it passes; as, a in rope-making for the toppings and tailings

musket shot distant.
of hemp, which are dressed for bolt-ropes
and whale lines. The term is also employed

A bow-shot from her bower-eaves

He rode between the barley-sheaves. Tennyson. to denote the distinction between the long hemp used in making staple-ropes and in

Hence-5. Range; reach. ferior hemp.-3. Small clothes; breeches.

Keep you in the rear of your affection, A little emphatic man, with a bald head

Out of the shot and danger of desire. Skak. and drab shorts.' Dickens. (Colloq.]

6. Anything emitted, cast, or thrown forth. Short-shipped (short'shipt), a. 1. Put on

Shots of rain.' Ray. -7. In Scotland, board ship in deficient quantity.-2. Shut

among fishermen, the whole sweep of nets out from a ship accidentally or for want of

thrown out at one time; also, the pumber room.

of fish caught in one haul of the nets. -Short-sight (short'sīt), n. Near-sighted

8. One who shoots; a shooter; a marksman: ness; myopia; vision accurate only when

as, he is the best shot in the company. A the object is near.

little, lean, old, chapt, bald shot, Shak.. Short-sighted (short' sit-ed), a. 1. Not

used as a collective noun. A guard of able to see far; having limited vision; my.

chosen shot' Shak.-9. An inferior animal opic; near-sighted.

taken out of a drove of cattle or flock of Short-sighted men see remote objects best in old

sheep; also, a young hog. See SHOTE. age.


10. In weaving, a single thread of weft car.

ried through the warp at one run of the 2. Not able to look far into futurity: not able to understand things deep or remote;

shuttle.-11. In blasting, a charge of powder of limited intellect.

or other explosive in a blast-hole, usually

fired by a slow match.-Shot of a cable The foolish and short-sighted die with fear That they go nowhere.

(naut.), the splicing of two cables together, Sir 7. Denham,

or the whole length of two cables thus 3. Proceeding from or characterized by a

united. -A shot in the locker, money in the want of foresight; as, a short-sighted policy.

pocket or at one's disposal. (Colloq.] Short-sightedness (shortsit -ed-nes), n.

My wife shall travel like a lady. As long as there's The state or quality of being short-sighted :

a shot in the locker she shall want for nothing. (a) A defect in vision, consisting in the in

Thackeray. ability to see things at a distance or at the Shot (shot), v. t. pret. & pp. shotted; ppr. distance to which the sight ordinarily ex- | shotting. To load with shot over a car

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tridge; as, to shot a gun [The term is shot over a cartridge: said of cannon. the body of a thing; as, (a) the butting-ring connned to charging cannon.)

2. Having a shot attached. The serge on the axle of a vehicle. (6) The contraction Shot (Shot). p. and a. Having a changeable cap and shotted chain of any galley-slave.' of a lamp-chimney just above the level of colour, like that produced in weaving by all Dickens.

the wick. (c)In carpentry, the square end of the warp threads being of one colour and all Shottent (shot'n), a. (Pp. of shoot.] 1. Hav an object at the point where the tenon comthe weft of another chatoyant; as, shot ing ejected the spawn; as, a shotten herring. mences, as of a spoke, the stile of a door, silk: bence, interwoven; intermingled; in If manhood, good manhood, be not forgot upon the

&c. (d) In printing, the projection at the terspersed Black hair a little shot with face of the earth, then am I a shotten herring. Shak. top of the shank of a type beyond the face grey, G. A, Sala. 2. Shot out of its socket; dislocated, as a

of the letter. (e) In archery, the broad The tangled water-courses slept, bone.-Shotten milk, a local term for sour,

part of an arrow-head.-6. In fort. the angle SAct over with purple, and green, and yellow. curdled milk.

of a bastion included between the face and Tennyson. Shot-tower (shot'tou-er). n. A lofty tower

flank.-7. In the leather trade, a name given Shot. + pp. of shette. Shut. Chaucer. for making shot by pouring melted lead

to tanned or curried hides and kips, and Shott (shot). a. Advanced in years. through a colander from the summit, which

also to English and foreign oftal. -The cold Spendet. Shot (shot), n. (A corruption of scot (which

forms into globules, cools and hardens as it shoulder, the act of receiving without corfalls, and is received into water or other

diality, especially one with whom we have see)) A reckoning, or a person's share of a

been on better terms; a coli reception; as, reckoning: charge, share of expenses, as of


Shot-window (shot'win-do), n. 1. A small to give a person the cold shoulder. - To put a tavern-bill window, chiefly filled with a board that

one's shoulder to the wheel, to assist in bearrt to the alehouse with you presently; where for one

ing a burden or overcoming a difficulty; to opens and shuts. (Scotch.) o of Evepence thou shalt have five thousand welcomes.

exert one's self; to give effective help; to Go to the shot-window instantly and see how many Shak.

there are of them. As the fund of our pleasure, let us each pay his shot.

Sir W. Scott work personally. - Shoulder to shoulder, a B. Jonson. 2. A window projecting from the wall.

phrase expressive of united action and muShot-anchort (shot'ang-ker), n. A sheet- | Shought (shok), n. A kind of shaggy dog; I shoulder (shölder), v. t. i.To push or thrust

tual co-operation and support anchor.

a shock. Shot-belt (shot belt), n. A leathern belt or

with the shoulder; to push with violence. Shoughs, water-rugs, and deini-wolves, are clept long pouch for shot worn over the shoulder

All by the name of dogs.


Around her numberless the rabble flow'd by sportsmen, and having a charger at the

Should'ring each other, crowding for a view. Shough (sho), interj. (See SHOO.) Begone;

Rowe. lower end.

away: a cry used to scare away fowls, &c. 2. To take upon the shoulder or shoulders; Shot-belted (shot'belt-ed), a. Wearing

Shough, shough! up to your coop, peahen.

as, to shoulder a basket.-3. Milit. to carry a shot-belt.

Beas, & FI. vertically at the side of the body and restShot-cartridge (shot kär-trij), n. A car- should (shyd). The pret. of shall. See ing against the hollow of the shoulder: as. tridge for use in a fowling-piece, &c., con-|SHALL.

to shoulder arms; to shoulder a musket. &c. taistog small shot instead of a bullet.

Shoulder (shöl'der), n. [O.E. shulder, Sc. • Shoulder'd his crutch and showed how Shot-clog + (shot'klog). n. A person who shouther, A. Sax. sculdor, Dan. skulder, Sw. fields were won.' Goldsmith. was a mere clog on a company, but tolerated skuldra, D. schouder, G. schulter, the shoul- Shoulder (shöl'der), v.i. To push forward, because he paid the shot for the rest.

der, the shoulder-blade; from root of shield, as with the shoulder foremost; to force Keep your distance, and be not made a shot-clog | and signifying lit. a broad shield-like bone; one's way as through a crowd. We shoulany more.

B. Jonson,

comp. the other names shield-bone, blade. dered through the swarm.' Tennyson. Shote (chot), n 1. (A.Sax, sceộta, a shooting bone, shoulder-blade, and also Sc. spaul, Shoulder-belt (sholder-belt), n. A belt or darting fish, from sceotan, to shoot.) A

0. Fr. espaule (Fr. épaule), a shoulder, from that passes across the shoulder. fish resembling the trout. Rich, Carew. - L. spatula, from spatha, a broad wooden Shoulder-blade (shöl'der-blád ), n. The 2. A young bog: a pig partially grown; a

instrument.] 1. The joint by which the arm bone of the shoulder, or blade-bone, broad shoat, shoot, or shot. (Provincial English.]

of a human being or the foreleg of a quad and triangular, covering the hind part of Shotert (shot'ér). n. A shooter.

ruped is connected with the body; or in the ribs: called by anatomists scapula and Shot-free (shot frē), a 1. Free from shot man, the projection formed by the bones omoplate. or charge; exempted from any share of ex called scapulæ or shoulder-blades, which

I fear, sir, my shoulder-blade is out. Shak. pense; scot-free. extend from the basis of the neck in a hori.

Shoulder-block (shöl'der-blok), 7. Naut. a Though I could 'scape in London, I fear zontal direction; the bones and muscles of

large single block having a the shot here. Shak. this part together.-2. The upper joint of

projection on the shell to prethe foreleg of an animal cut for the market; 2 Not injured or not to be injured by shot.

vent the rope that is rove as, a shoulder of mutton.-Shoulder-of-mutHe that believes himself to be shot-free,

through it from becoming ton sail, a triangular sail, so called from the and so will run among the hail of a battle.'

jammed between the block peculiarity of its form. It is chiefly used to Peltham-3. Unpunished; uninjured; scot

and the yard. set on a boat's mast. The upper corner is free.

Shoulder-bone (shöl'der-bon), sometimes converted into a gaff top-sail, Shot-garland (shot'gär-land), n. Naut, a

n. The scapula; the shoulderwhich can be lowered behind the other part frame to contain shot secured to the coam

blade. To see how the bear of the sail when required to diminish the ings and ledges round the hatchway of a

tore out his shoulder-bone.' vessel

Shoulder-block. Shak. Shot-gauge (shot'gaj), n. An instrument

shoulder-clapper (shöl'derfor testing cannon projectiles. Shot-gauges

klap-ér), n. One that claps another on the are of two kinds-ring gauges and cylinder

shoulder, as in familiarity or to arrest him; Raases Two sizes of the first kind are em

a bailiff. ployed for each calibre. The shot or shell

A black friend, a shoulder-clapper, one that coun. must pass through the larger but not through

termands the smaller. It is afterwards rolled through

The passages of alleys.

Shak. the cylinder gauge, any jamming or sticking

Shouldered (shöl'derd), a. Having shoulin which causes the rejection of the pro

ders. "Thighed and shouldered like the jectile

billows; footed like their stealing foam.' Shot-glass (shot'glas), n. In weaving, same

Ruskin. as Cloth-procer.

Shoulder-knot (shöl'dér-not), n. An ornaShot-gun (shot' gun), n. A light, smooth

mental knot of ribbon or lace worn on the bored gun, especially designed for firing shot

shoulder; an epaulet. at short range; a fowling-piece.

Before they were a month in town, great shoulderShot-hole (shot hol). n. A hole made by a

knots came up; straight, all the world was shoulder. shot or ballet discharged.


Swift. Shot-locker (shot' lok-er), n. A strongly

Shoulder-pegged (shöl'dér-pegd), a. Apconstructed compartment in a vessel's hold

plied to horses that are gourdy, stiff, and for containing shot

almost without motion. Shot-metal (shot'met-al), n. An alloy of

Boat with Shoulder-of-mutton Sail.

Shoulder-pitch (shöl'dér-pich), n. The prolead 56 parts, and arsenic 1, used for making

cess which terminates the spine of the scaantall shot

quantity of sail aloft.-3. pl. The part of the pula, and is articulated with the clavicle; Shot-plug (shot'plag), n. A tapered cone

human body on which the head stands; the acromion. Cotgrave. of wood driven into a shot-hole in a vessel's the upper part of the back; the part on Shoulder-shotten (shöl'der-shot-n), a. elde to prevent leakage which it is most easy to carry burdens.

Sprained in the shoulder, as a horse. 'Swayed Shot-pouch (shot'pouch), n. A pouch for Thy head stands so tickle on thy shoulders that a in the back and shoulder-shotten.' Shak. carrying small shot. It is usually made

milkmaid, if she be in love, may sigh it off. Shak. Shoulder-slip (shöl'der-slip ), n. Disloca. of leather, the mouthpiece being provided

I'll take that burden from your back,

tion of the shoulder or of the humerus. with a measure having an adjustable cut-off

Or, lay on that shall make your shoulders crack.


The horse will take so much care of himself as to to determine the quantity of the charge.

Adown her shoulders fell her length of hair.

come off with only a strain or a shoulder-slip. Swift. Shot-proof (shot' prot), a. Proof against

Dryden. Shoulder-splayed (shöl'der-splad), a. Apshot; incapable of being damaged by shot.

Hence - 4. pl. Used as typical of sustaining plied to a horse when he has given his Seot-prop (shot'prop). n. A wooden prop

power; the emblem of supporting strength. shoulders such a violent shock as to disloor plug covered with hemp to stop a shot

Weak shoulders overborne with burthening cate the shoulder-joint. hole in a ship's side.

grief.' Shak.-5. That which resembles a Shoulder-strap (shol'dor-strap). n. A strap Spot-rack (chot'rak), n A wooden rack in human shoulder; a prominent or projecting worn on or over the shoulder, either to wholeh a certain quantity of shot is kept. part; a declination or slope; as, the shoul

support the dress or for ornament, or as a Shot-silk (shot'silk). n. A silk stuff whose der of a hill.

badge of distinction. Warp and weft threads are of different colours Jasper was coming over the shoulder of the Hero | Shoulder-wrench (shöl'der-rensh), n. A So as to exhibit changeable tints under vary mon-Law.

Hogg. wrench in the shoulder. ing circumstances of light

More especially, a projection on an object to Shout shout), v. i. (Perhaps & softened Shotte, t . An arrow; a dart. Chaucer. oppose or limit motion or form an abutment; form of scout, or onomatopoetic; comp. Shotted (shot'ed), p. and a. 1. Loaded with a horizontal or rectangular projection from | Shoo! and hoot.) To utter a sudden and


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loud outcry, as in joy, triumph, or exalta heap or into a cart, or out of a pit.—2. To 2. To appear; to look; to be in appearance. tion, to animate soldiers in an onset, to gather in great quantities.

Just such she shows before a rising storm. Dryden. draw the attention of some one at a dis

Ducks shovel them up as they swim along the waters. How the birch-trees, clothed with their white and tance, or the like.

Derham. glistening bark, showed like skeletons. When ye hear the sound of the trumpet, all the - To shovel up, (a) to throw up with a

Cornkáll Mag. people shall shout with a great shout. Jos. vi. 5. shovel. (6) To cover up with earth with a 3. To become or suit well or ill. -To shout at, to deride or revile with spade or shovel

My lord of York, it better show'd with you. Shad. shouts,

Oh! who would fight and march and countermarch, -To show off, to make a show; to display
Be shot for sixpence in a battle-field,

one's self.
That man would be shouted at that should forth in And shovell'd up into a bloody trench? Tennyson.
his great-grandsire's suit, though not rent, not dis.

Show (sho), 12. 1. The act of showing or coloured.

By Hall.

Shovelardt (shuv'el-ärd), n. Same as Sho exhibiting to the view; the exposure or exShout (shout), n. A loud burst of voice or veller, 2.

hibition to view or notice. Shovel-board (shuv'el-bõrd), n. 1. A kind voices; a vehement and sudden outcry, par

I love not less, though less the show appear. Shak of game more common formerly than now; ticularly of a multitude of men, expressing shove-board (which see). - 2. A favourite

2. Appearance, whether true or false. joy, triumph, exultation, or animated courgame aboard ship played by shoving with a

Flowers distin'd, though they with winter meet. age, &c. 'Applause and universal shout.' cue wooden discs so that they shall rest in

Leese but their show; their substance still lives Shak.


Siad. one of nine squares chalked on the deck. The Rhodians seeing the enenty turn their backs,

But now they by their own vain boasts were ty'd Shovelful (shuv'el-ful), n. As much as a gave a great shout in derision. Knolles.

And forc'd at lcast in show, to prize it more. shovel will hold; enough to fill a shovel.

Dryden. Shout (shout), v.t. To utter with a shout: Shovel - hat (shuv'el-hat), n. A hat with a 3. Ostentatious display or parade; pomp. sometimes with out; as, he shouted out his broad brim turned up at the sides, and pro

Nor doth his grandeur and majestic shore name. jecting in front like a shovel, worn by cler

Of luxury, though called magnificence, Shouter (shout'ér), n. One that shouts. gymen of the Church of England. "Walk

Allure mine eye. Dryden.

ing, as became a beneficed priest, under the I envy none their pageantry and show. Young. Shouther (shụTH'ér), n. Shoulder. (Scotch.) canopy of a shovel-hat.' C. Bronté.

4. An object attracting notice; an aspect. Shouting (shouting), n. The act of shout-| Shoveller (shuv'el-er),n. 1.One who shovels. Throng our large temples with the shows of peace, ing; a loud outcry expressive of joy or ani 2. A species of duck (Spatula or Rhynchas. And not our streets with war.

Skak. mation. 2 Sam. vi. 15.

pis clypeata), remarkable for the length and The city itself makes the noblest show of any in Shove (shuv), v. t. pret. & pp. shored; ppr. terminal expansion of the bill. It is a win the world.

Addison shoving. [A. Sax. sceofan, scúfan, 0. Fris. ter visitant to the British Isles, is about 5. A sight or spectacle; an exhibition: a sluva, Icel. skufa, D. schuiven, O.H.G. and

20 inches in length, and has beautifully play; specifically, that which is shown for Goth, skiuban, G. schieben, to shove. From marked plumage.

money; as, a travelling show; a flower-shor; this stem comes shovel.) 1. To drive along

| Show (sho), v.t. pret. showed; pp. shoron or a cattle-show. Tragic shous.' Shak, by the direct application of strength with

showed; ppr. showing. It is also written Some delightful ostentation, or show, or pageant, out a sudden impulse; particularly, to push Shew. Shewed, Shewn. (A. Sax. sceduian, or antique, or firework.

Shak. so as to make a body slide or move along

D. schouwen, Dan, skue, G. schauen, Goth. 6. Semblance; likeness. In shoto plebeian the surface of another body, either by the scavjan, to view, look at, inspect, &c.; sup angel militant.' Milton.-7. Speciousness; hand or by an instrument; as, to shove a posed to be from a root skaw or skav, which

plausibility; pretext; hypocritical pretence. bottle along a table; to shove a table along appears without the 8 in L. caveo, to take

* For a show make long prayers.' Luke XX. the floor: to shove a boat into the water. care, cautus, E. cautious.] 1. To exhibit or

47. 'Shoving back this earth on which I sit.'

present to the view; to place in sight; to But a short exile inust for show precede. Dryden. Dryden. display.

8. A mucous discharge, streaked with blood, The hand could pluck her back that shoved her Go thy way, show thyself to the priest. Mat. viii. 4.

which takes place one, two, or three days Shak, Not higher that hill, nor wider, looking round,

before a woman falls into labour.-A shore 2. To push aside; to press against; to jostle. Whereon for different cause the tempter set

Our second Adam in the wilderness,

of hands, a raising of hands, as a means of He used to shove and elbow his fellow-servants to

To show him all earth's kingdoms and their glory. indicating the sentiments of a meeting upon get near his mistress. Arbuthnor.


some proposition. -To shove away, to push to a distance; to 2. To let be seen; to disclose; to discover; Show - bill (sho'bil), n. A placard or other thrust off. Shove away the worthy bidden not to conceal.

advertisement, usually printed, containing guest.' Milton. - To shove by, to push away;

All the more it seeks to hide itself,

| announcements of goods for sale. to delay or to reject. Offence's gilded hand

The bigger bulk it shows.


Show-box (sho'boks), n. A box containing may shove by justice.' Shak.-To shove of, 3. To communicate; to reveal; to make some object or objects of curiosity, carried to thrust or push away; to cause to move known; to disclose.

round as a show. from shore by pushing with poles or oars; I was afraid, and durst not show you inine opinion. Show-bread (sho'bred),n. Among the Jews, as, to shove off a boat.-To shove down, to

Job xxxii. 6. bread of exhibition; the loaves of bread overthrow by pushing.

o, let me live,
And all the secrets of our camp I'll show. Shak.

which the priest of the week placed before A strong man was going to shove down St. Paul's

the Lord on the golden table in the sanctu

Know, I am sent cupola.

To show thee what shall come in future days.

ary. They were made of fine flour unleav.

ened, and changed every Sabbath.

Milton. Shove (shuv), v.i. 1. To push or drive for

The 4. To prove: to manifest; to make apparent loaves were twelve in number, and repreward: to urge a course. --2. To push off: to

or clear by evidence, reasoning, &c.; to ex sented the twelve tribes of Israel. move in a boat by means of a pole or oar

They plain; as, to shoro a person's error. which reaches to the bottom of the water:

were to be eaten by the priest only. Written often with off or from.

also Shere-bread. His eye, which scornfully glisters like fire,

Shows his hot courage and his high desire. Shak. Show - card (sho'kard), n. A tradesman's He grasped the oar,

I'll show my duty by my timely care. Dryden. card making an announcement; a card on Received his guest on board, and shoved from shore. Garth. 5. To inform; to teach; to instruct.

which patterns are exhibited in a shop. Shove (shuv), n. 1. The act of shoving, push The time cometh when I shall no more speak unto

Show-case (sho'kás), n. A case or box, with ing, or pressing by strength without a sud. you in proverbs, but I shall show you plainly of the

plates of glass on the top or front, within den impulse; a push.


Jn. xvi. 25. which delicate or valuable articles are placed I rested two minutes and then gave the boat an 6. To point out to, as a guide: hence. tol for exhibition. other shove.

Swift. guide or usher; to conduct; as, to show a Shower (sho'èr ), n. 1. One who shows or 2. The central woody portion of the stem of person into a room.

exhibits. -2. That which shows, as a mirror. flax; the boon.

Thou shalt show them the way in which they must

Wickliffe. walk,

Ex. xviii. 20. Shove - board (shuv'bord), n. A sort of

Shower (shou'ér), n. (O.E. shoure, schoure,

A. Sax. scur, Icel, skúr, Sw, skur, 0.H.G. scur, game played by pushing or shoving pieces

Come, good sir, will you show me to this house?

Shak. a shower, a tempest; G. schauer, a shower, of money along a board with the view of

7. To bestow; to confer; to afford; as, to a shuddering fit; Goth. skiuran, to move or reaching certain marks; also, the board on

show favour or mercy on any person. To drive violently: L. G. schuur, a passing fit of which the game was played. At one time

show justice.' Shak. Felix, willing to show illness; Sc. shower, a throe, as in childbirth. it was played with silver groats, hence the the Jews a pleasure.' Acts xxiv. 27.

The root-meaning may be in Goth, skineran, old name shove-groat. Called also Shovel

That mercy I to others show,

to move violently, hence a tempest, a throe, board, Shuffle-board.

That mercy show to me.

Pope. a shudder.) 1. A fall of rain of short or not Shove - groat (shuv'grot), n. See SHOVE

8. To explain; to make clear; to interpret: very great duration: this is its regular meanBOARD.

to expound. Interpreting of dreams, and ing when used alone, but we may also say & Quoit him down, Bardolph, like a shove-groat showing of hard sentences.' Dan. v. 12. shower of snow. shilling

9. To indicate; to point out.

Fall on me like a silent dew,
Shovel (shuv'el), n. [From shove; A. Sax. 8ceoft,

Why stand we longer shivering under fears,

Or like those maiden showers, scof. D. schoffel, L.G. schwel, Dan. skovl. G.

That show no end but death Milton.

Which, by the peep of day, do strew schaufel, a shovel. See also SCOOP. 1 An instru

A baptism o'er the flowers. Herrick. -To show forth, to manifest; to publish: to ment consisting of a broad scoop or hollow proclaim. . 1 Pet. ii. 9.-To show off, to set

2. A fall of things in thick and fast succes. blade with a handle, used for taking up and off ; to exhibit in an ostentatious manner;

sion; as, a shower of darts or arrows; a removing a quantity of loose substances toas, to show off one's accomplishments.--To

shower of stones.-3. A copious supply begether, as coals, sand, loose earth, gravel, show up, (a) to show the way up or to an

stowed; liberal distribution. corn, money, &c. The construction of audience of some one; as, show up that

Sweet Highland girl! a very shower shovels is necessarily very much varied to adapt them for their particular purposes. gentleman, sir. (6) To expose; to hold up

Or beauty is thy earthly dower. Wondravarth,

Shower (shou'ér), v.t. 1. To water with a A fire shorel is an utensil for taking up coals,

to animadversion, to ridicule, or to con-
tempt; as, the power which public journal-

shower or with showers; to wet copiously cinders, or ashes. The barn shovel, for liftists have of showing up private individuals

with rain. Dissolve and shower the earth." ing and removing grain, has the blade genought not to be recklessly exercised.[Colloq.)

Milton. - 2. To pour down copiously and erally of wood. Show (sho), v. 1. To appear; to become

rapidly; to bestow liberally; to distribute Shovel (shuv'el), v. t. pret. & pp. shovelled ; visible.

or scatter in abundance. ppr. shovelling. 1. To take up and throw

The fire is the flint

On their naked limbs the Bowery roof with a shovel; as, to shovel earth into a |

Shows not till it be struck.

Shower'd roses.


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