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Yacnter (yot'er), n. One who commands a

yacht; one who sails in a yacht Yachting (yot'ing), a. Relating to a yacht

or yachts; as, a yachting voyage. Yachtsman, (yots'man), n. One who keeps

or sails a yacht. Ya£t Gave. Chaucer. Yaff (yaf), v.i. [Imitative] To bark like a

dog in a passion; to yelp; hence, to talk

pertly. [Scotch.] Yaffle,Yafflngale(yaf'l,yaf'in-gal),7i. Local

names given to the green woodpecker (Picus

viridis) from its cry.

Vows!—I am woodman of the woods.
And hear the garnet-headed y%ijfingate
Mock them. Ttnuysott.

Yager (ya'ger), n. [G. jager, lit. a huntsman, from jagen, to hunt.] A member of certain regiments of light infantry in the armies of various German states. Such regiments were originally composed of jager or huntsmen, whence the name. The French chasseur belongs to the same class of soldier.

Yagger (yag'or), n. [D. jager, a huntsman, a driver. See Yager.] A ranger about the country; a travelling pedlar. Sir W. Scott [Shetland Islands.]

Yahoo (ya'hb), n, A name given by Swift, In Gulliver'* Travels, to a race of brutes, having the form of man and all his degrading passions. They are placed in contrast with the Houyhnhnms, or horses endowed with reason, the whole beini? designed as a Batire on the human race. Hence, a rough, boorish, uncultivated character. 'A yahoo of a stable-boy.' Graves,

•What sort of fellow is he; ... a yahoo, I suppose?' 'Not fit all, he is a capital fellow, a perfect gentleman.' H. KingsUy.

Yak (yak), n. [Thibetian.] A ruminant mammal of the*ovine tribe, the Bos poephagus, or Poephagus grunniens, a small species of ox, with cylinuric horns, curving outward, long pendent silky hair fringing its sides, a bushy mane of fine hair, and villous, horselike tail; inhabiting Thibet aud the higher plateaus of the Himalayas: called by Pennant and others the grunting ox, from its very peculiar voice, which sounds much like the grunt of a pig: known also as Sarlac, Sarlik. There are several varieties of the yak due to climatic influences, character of habitat, food, and, in the case of domesticated animals, to the kind of work to which they are put, as the nofde yak, the ghainorik. the plough-yak. The last is a plebeianlooking animal, aud wants the magnificent side tufts of hair characteristic of its free brethren. It is employed in agriculture. The yak is often crossed with other domestic cattle, and a mixed breed obtained. The tail of the yak is in great request for various ornamental purposes, and forms quite an important article of commerce. Dyed red it decorates the caps of the Chinese, and when properly mounted it is used as a flytlapper in India under the name of a chowry.


Yak [Ros foepkagns).

Tails are also carried before certain officers of state, their number indicating his rank.

Yaksha (yak'sha), it In Hind. myth, a kind of demigods who attend Kuvera, the god of riches, and guard hfs treasures.

Yald (yald). a. Same as Yeld.

Yald, Yauld (yald), a. peel gildr, stout, brawny, strung, of full size; Sw. nnd Dan. g'ld] Supple; active; athletic. [Scotch]

Yam (yam), n. [The Portuguese first saw the plant cultivated in Africa, then in India and Malacca, and brought the name as well as the plant to the West, but from what language It comes is unknown. The yam was imported iuto America.] A large esculent tuber or root produced by various

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of departed spirits and the appointed judge and punisher of the dead; the embodiment of power without pity, and stern, unbending- fate. He is generally represented as crowned and seated on a buffalo, which he guides by the horns. He is four-armed and of austere countenance. In one hand he holds a mace, in another a noose which is used to draw out of the bodies of men the souls which are doomed to appear before his judgment-seat. His garments are of the colour of fire, his skin is of a bluish green. Yamer, Yammer (yii'mer, yam'mer), v.i. [O.E. yomer, A. Sax. gedmerian, to lament, to groan, from gedmor, sad, mournful, wretched; comp. G. jammeren, to lament, to wail. J To shriek; to yell; to cry aloud; to whimper loudly; to whine. [Scotch.]

'The child is doin^f as well as possible.' said Miss Crizzv; 'to be sure It does yammer constantly, that can't be denied.' Mits Ferrier.

Yank (yangk). v.i. [Probably a nasalized form akin to G. and D. jagen, Dan. jage, to hunt, to chase, to hurry; Icel. jaga, to move to and fro. See Yacht] [Scotch.] 1. To work cleverly and actively: often with on; as, she yanked on at the work.—2. To speak in a yelping or affected tone; to scold; to nag; as, she yanked at her servant from morning to night.

Yank (yangk), v.t. To give a throwing or jerking motion to; to twitch strongly; to jerk. [Colloq. United States.]

Yank (yangk), n. 1. A quick, sharp stroke: a buffet; as, he gave him a yank on the head. [Scotch] -2. A jerk or twitch. [Colloq. United States.)—3. pi. A kind of leggings. [Provincial ]

Yank (yangk), n. [Contr. of Yankee.] A Yankee. (Vulgar.]

Yankee (yang'ke), n, [A word of uncertain origin. The most common explanation seema also the most plausible, namely, that it ia a corrupt pronunciation of English or of Fr. Anglais formerly current among the American Indians. In Bartlett's Dictionary of Americanisms a statement is quoted to* the effect that Yengees or Yenkees was a name origiually given by the Massachusetta Indians to the English colonists, and that it was afterwards adopted by the Dutch ou the Hudson, who applied the term in contempt to all the people of New England. Bartlett also quotes a statement of Heckwelder (an authority on Indian matters), who affirmed that the Indians applied the term Yengees specially to the New Englanders at jontradistinguished from the Virginians or Long Knives, and the Engliah proper or Saggenash. As early as 1713 it is said to have been a common cant word at Cambridge. Mass., in the sense of good or excellent, being probably borrowed by the students from the Indians, to whom a 'Yankee* article would be synonymous with an excellent one, from the superiority of the white man in mechanical arts.] A cant name for a citizen of New England. During the American Revolution the name was applied to all the insurgents; and during the civil war it was the common designation of the Federal soldiers by the Confederates. In Britain the term 1b sometimes applied generally to all natives of the United States,

Yankee - Doodle (yaug-ke-do'dl), n. l. A famous air, now regarded as American ami national. In reality the air is an old English one, called Nankey Doodle, and had some derisive reference to Cromwell. It is said that the brigade under Lord Percy, after the battle of Lexington, marched out of Boston playing this tune in derisive and punning allusion to the name Yankee, and the New Englanders adopted the air in consideration of the fact that they had made the British dance to it. The really national tune of the whole United States, however. is 'Hail, Columbia I'—2. A Yankee. 'Hot Yankee-doodles.' Moore. [Ludicrous.]

YankeeUm (yangTce-izm), n. An idiom or practice of the Yankees.

Yanker Yankle.n. [SeeYANK.r.t.] [Scotch.] L A Bharp, forward, clever woman.—2. One who speaks or scolds incessantly.

Yanolite (yan'o-lit), n. See Axinitk.

Yaourt (yourt), »». A fermented liquor or milk-beer, similar to komnis, made by the Turks. Simmonds.

Yap (yap), v.i. [Imitative, like yaff; comp. Fr. japper, Yr.iapar, to yelp] To yelp; to bark. Sir R. L'Estrange.

Yap (yap), "- The cry of a dog; a bark; a

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Yapock (yap'ok), n. A handsome opossum inhabiting the rivers of Brazil and Guiana. It is aquatic in its habits, bearing a considerable resemblance to a small otter, and differs from other opossums in its dentition, in having no opposable thumb, and, therefore, in being incapable of climbing trees, and in the toes of the hind feet being webbed. It is an excellent swimmer, and lives on the fishes which it chases and catches in the rivers. Called also Water-opossum.

Yapon (ya'pon or ya'pon), n. Ilex Cassine, a shrub growing in the southern states of America, the leaves of which are used as tea and as medicine. The same name ia also given to other species of Ilex. Written also Yattpon.

Yar, Yare (yar, yar), a. Sour; brackish. (Provincial English.]

Yarage t (yar'ai), n, [From yare.] JVaut the power of moving or being managed at sea: said of a ship.

To the end that he might, with his light ship*, wrfl manned with water-men. turn and environe the gilleys of the enemies, the which were heavy otyarage, both for their bignesse, as also for lacke of water-men to row them. JVsrtM.

Yarb (yarb), n. An herb. 'Some skill in yarbs as she called her simples' KingxUy. [Provincial English]

Yard (yard), n. [0. E. yerde, grrde, A. Sax gyrd, gird, rarely geard, a rod, a staff, a yard measure; D. garde, a rod, a twig; G. gerte, a switch, a twig; Goth, gazas, a goad.

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a prick. Cog. with L. hasta, a spear. ] 1. The British and American standard measure of length, equal to 3 feet or 36 inches, the foot being in general made practically the unit As a cloth measure the yard is divided into 4 quarters = 16 nails. (See under Measure.; A square yard contains 9 square feet and a cubic yard 27 cubic feet—2. A pole or rod 3 feet long for measuring a yard.—3. A long cylindrical piece of timber in a ship, having a rounded taper toward each end, and slung crosswise to a mast. All yards are either square or lateen, the former being suspended across the masts at right angles for spreading square sails, the latter obliquely. Yards have sheave-holes near their extremities for the sheets reeving through. Either end of a yard, or rather that part of it which is outside the sheave-hole, is called the yardarm; the quarter of a yard is about halfway between the sheave-hole and the slings. 4.t A long piece of timber, as a rafter and the like. Oxford Glossary. h. The male organ of generation; the penis.—Kara* of land. Same as Yard-land (which see).

Yard (yard), n. [A. Sax. geard, an inclosnre, a yard, a court, Ac.; Icel. garthr, a yard or inclosed space (E. garth); Dan. gaard, a yard, a court, a farm; D. gaard, a garden; O.H.G. garto, Mod.G garten, a garden; Rus. gorod (as in Novgorod, Ac), a town. From same root as L. hortus, a garden, cohors, a cohort (see Court), Gr. cheir, the hand. Akin garden, and probably gird, to surround. Orchard contains this word.] 1. A small piece of inclosed ground, particularly adjoining a house, whether in front of it, behind it, or around it —2. An inclosure within which any work or business is carried on; as, a brick-yard, a wood-yard, a tanningyard, a dock-yard, Ac. —3. In Scotland, a garden, particularly a kitchen - garden.


Yard (yard), v.t. To Inclose In a yard; to shut up in a yard, as cattle; as, to yard cows.

Yard-arm (yard'orm), n. See Yard, 3.— Yard-ann and yard-arm, the situation of two ships lying alongside of each other so near that their yard-arms cross or touch.

Yard-land (yard'1 and >,ji. A quantity of land in England, different in different counties; a virgate. In some counties it was 15 acres; In others 20 or 24, and even 40 acres.

Yard-stick (yard'stik), n. A stick or rod 3 feet in length, used as a measure of cloth, Ac.

Yard-wand (yard'wond), n. A yard-stick. 'His cheating yard-wand.' Tennyson.

Yaret (yar), a. [A. Sax. gearu, prepared, ready, yare; akin G. gar, prepared, ready; Icel. gbr-, gjor, quite: comp. Icel. gbra, to do, to make; prov. E. gar, to cause to do. Akin garb, gear.} 1. Ready; quick; dexterous; eager: said of persons, and especially of sailors; as, to be yare at the helm.

Beyare in thy preparation. Shak.

2. Easily wrought; answering quickly to the helm; swift; lively: said of a ship.

The lesser (ship) will come nnd fro, leave and take, and is yare, whereas the other is slow. Raleigh.

Yaret (yar), adv. Briskly; dexterously; yarely. Shak.

Yarely t (yam), adv. Readily; dexterously; skilfully. 'Those flower-soft hands that yarely frame the office.' Shak.

Yark (yark), v.t. Same as rent.

Yarke (yUr'ke), n. The native name of different South American monkeys of the genus Pithecia.

Yarn (yilrn), n. [A. Sax. gearn, D. garen, IceL Sw. Dan. and G. gam, yarn. Allied to Gr. chords, a chord, originally an intestine. (See Chord.) Comp. G. gam, in sense of one of the stomachs of a ruminant, IceL gbrn, pi. garnir, the guts] 1. Any textile fibre prepared for weaving into cloth. (See Thread.) The various sizes of cotton yarn are numbered according to the number of hanks of 840 yards in the pound; flax and jute according to the number of leas of 300 yards per pound; and woollen and worsted yaru according to the number of skeins of 560 yards per pound.—2. In rope-making, one of the threads of which a rope 1b composed.—3. A story spun out by a sailor for the amusement of his companions; a Btory or tale; hence, to spin a loug yarn is to tell a long story. [Colloq. ]

Yarnen t (yarn'n), a. Made of yarn; consisting of yarn. 'A pair of yarnen stocks.' Turberville.

Yar-nut, ". See Yer-nut.

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3. To gape for anything; to express desire by yawning; as, to yawn tor fat livings.

The chiefest thing nt which lay reformers yawn is, that the clergy may, through conformity in condition, be poor as the apostles were. Hooker.

4. To express surprise and bewilderment by gaping.

Methinks it should be now a huge eclipse

Of sun and moon, and that the affrighted globe

Should yawi at alteration. Shak.

Yawn (yan), n. 1. A gaping; an involuntary' opening of the mouth from drowsiness; oscitation. 'Thy everlasting yawn.' Pope.

2. The act of gaping or opening wide.

Sometimes with a mighty yawn, 'tis said. Opens a dismal passage to the dead. Addison.

3. An opening; a chasm. Marston. [Rare.] Yawnlngly (yan'ing-li), ado. In a yawning

manner; with yawns or gapes. Bp. Hull.

Yaws (ya/), n. [African yaw, a raspberry.] A disease occurring in America, Africa and the West Indies, and almost entirely confined to the African races. It is characterized by cutaneous tumours, numerous and successive, gradually increasing from specks to the size of a raspberry, one at length growing larger than the rest; core a fungous excrescence; fever slight, and probably irritative merely. It is contagious, and cannot be communicated except by the actual contact of yaw matter to some abraded surface, or by inoculation, which is sometimes effected by flies. It is also called Frambasia, from the French framboise, a raspberry.

Yclad t (i-klad'). pp. [ Prefix y-, and clad. ] Clad; clothed. 'Her words yclad with wisdom's majesty.' Shak.

Yclept, Ycleped O-klept'), pp. [A. Sax. ge-clypdd, pp. of ge-clypian, to call. ] Called; named. [Obsolete, except in humorous writing, or when used in the affectedly ancient style.]

Judas I tan,yclefed Maccabxus. Shak.

But come thou goddess fair and free

In Heaven ycl/ped Euphrosyne. Milton.

Ydle t (i'dl), a. Lazy; idle. Spenser.

Ydrad t (i-dradO, pp> Dreaded.

Ye (ye), iron. [A. Sax. gi, ye, nom. pi. corresponding to thu, thou; the genlt. was cower, the dat. and ace. tow; so that ye is properly the nom. plural and you the obj.; I), gij, Icel. ter, er, Dan. and Sw. i, G. ihr, Goth, jus, all ye or you (ill See You.) Properly the nominative plural of the second person, of which thou is the singular, but in later times also used as an objective after verbs and prepositions. Ye is now used only in the sacred and solemn style; in common discourse and writing you is exclusively used.

lint ye are washed, but ye are sanctified. iCor. vi. n.

Loving offenders thus I will excuse ye. Shak. I thankJy; andbcblestforyourgoodcomfort. Shak. A south-west blow on ye And blister yoti all o'er. Shak.

The confusion between ye and you did not exist in Old English. Ye was always used as a nominative, and you as a dative or accusative. In the English Bible the distinction is very carefully observed, but in the dramatists of the Elizabethan period there is a very loose use of the two forms. Dr. Morris.

Ye.t adv. Yea; yea Chaucer.

Yea (ya), adv. [A. Sax. ged, yea, indeed; IceL jd, D. Dan. Sw. ana G ja, Goth, ja, jai; allied to Goth, jah, and; L. jam, now; Skr. ya, who] 1. Yes; ay; a word that expresses affirmation or assent: the opposite of nay; as, will you go? yea. 'Whilst one says only yea, and t'other nay.* Denham.

Let your communication be yea, yea; nay, nay. Mat. v. 37.

2. It sometimes introduces a subject with the sense of indeed, verily, truly, it is Bo, or is it so?

Yea, hath God said. Ye shall not eat of every tree in the garden 1 Gen. iii. i.

Yea, mistress, are you so peremptory! Shak.

'3. Used in the same way as nay, intimating that something is to l>c added by way of in tensiveness or amplification; not this alone; not only so but also.

I therein do rejoice: yea, and will rejoice.

Phil. i. 18. One that composed your beauties, yea, and one To whom you are but as a form in wsi. Shak.

4. Used substantively: (a) in Scrip, denoting certainty, consistency, harmony, and stability.

All the promises of God in him are yea, and in him are amen. a Cor. i. so.

(6) An affirmative vote; one who votes in the affirmative; the equivalent to Ay or Aye.—Yea is now used only in the sacred and solemn style. Yea like nay was formerly

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used only in answer to questions framed affirmatively in contradistinction to yes and no, which were the proper answers to questions put negatively. See extract.

There is an eiample of the rejection of a needless subtlety in the case of our affirmative particles, yea and yrs, nay and no, which were formerly distinguished in use, as the two affirmatives still are in our sister-tontfues, the Danish and Swedish. The distinction was lhatjwrt and nay were answers to questions framed in the affirmative; as. Will he gof Yea or Ail/ But if the question was framed in the negative. Will he not go! the answer was Yes or A'u

G. P. Marsh.

Yead, t Yede t (yed), r. t. [A false present tense and infinitive formed from the old preterite yode, code. See YoDE.J To go; to proceed.

Then bade the knight this lady yed* aloof.
And to a hill herself withdraw aside. Spenser.
Years yead away and faces fair deflower. Drant.

Yea-fOTSOOth (ya-for-soth/), a. Applied to one saying to anything yea and forsooth, which latter was not a phrase of genteel society. 'A rascally yea-forsooth knave.' Shak.

Yean (yen), v.t and i [A. Sax. ednian, edenian, to bring forth, to become pregnant, from edcen, gravid, teeming, great. Tit increased, being pp. of edcan, to increase, to eke. See Eke, Augment.] To bring forth young, as a goat or sheep; to lamb. Written

also Kan. Shak.

Yeanling (yenling), n. The young of sheep; a Iamb; an eanling. Year (yer), n [OE. yeer, yer; A. 8ax. gedr,

?fr; D. jaar, L.G. j6r, O. jahr, Goth, jir, eel. dr, Dan. aar; cog. Slav, jam, spring; Zend yare, a year. Perhaps from root i, to go, seen in yode, L. eo, ire, to go.] 1. The period of time during which the earth makes one complete revolution in its orbit; or it is the space or period of time which elapses between the sun's leaving either equinoctial point, or either tropic, and his return to the same. This is the tropical orsolar year, and the year in the strict and proper sense of the word. This period comprehends what are called the twelve calendar months, and ts usually calculated to commence on 1st January and to end on 31st December. It is not quite uniform, but its mean length is about 366 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes, and 61 6 seconds. The return of the seasons depends upon it In popular usage, however, the year consists of 365 days, and every fourth year of 366. See BISSEXTILE, LEAF-TEAR. — Anomalistic year. See under ANOMALISTIC. —Cioil year, the tropical or solar year.— Common year, a year of 365 days, as distinguished from leap year.— Ecclesiastical year, from Advent to Advent—Gregorian, year, Julian year. See GREGORIAN, Julian, Style. Legal year, in England,commenced on March 26, though the historical year began on January 1, a practice which continued till 1752; hence it was usual between January 1 and March 25 to date the year both ways, as 1745-6. —Lunar year, a period consisting of 12 lunar months. The lunar astronomical year consists of 12 lunar synodical months, or 354 days, 8 hours, 48 minutes, 36 seconds. The common lunar year consists of 12 lunar civil months, or 354 days. The embolismic or intercalary lunar year consists of 13 lunar civil months, and contains 334 days. —Sabbatical year. See SAHBATIC— Sidereal year. See SIDEREAL.— 2. The time in which any planet completes a revolution; as, the year of Jupiter or of Saturn —3. Years, In the plural, is sometimes equivalent to age or old age; as, a man in years. 'His tender years. Shak. Myself am struck, in years I must confess. Shak. Untouch'd with any shade otyears. May those kind eyes for ever dwell I Tennyson.

In popular language year is often used for years; as, the horse is ten year old.

And threescore year would make the world away. . Shah.

—A year and day, in law, the lapse of a year with a day added to it, a period which determines a right, or works prescription In many cases.— Year, day, and waste, part of the sovereign's prerogative in England. whereby he was entitled to the profits for a year and a day of persons attainted of petty treason or felony, together with the right of wasting the said tenements; afterwards restoring it to the lord of the fee. Abolished by the Felony Act. 1870.—Year of grace, any year of the Christian era. Year-book (yer/bukX n. 1. A book published every year, each annual issue containing new nr additional information; a work published annually and intended to supply fresh

information on matters in regard to which changes are continually taking place—2. A book containing annual reports of cases adjudged in the courts of England, from the time of Edward II. to that of Henry VII., published annually. Yearedt (yerd), a. Numbering years; aged.

R"th were of best feature, of high race, yeared but to tliirty. S. Jonson.

Yearlily (yerTi-Ii), ado. Yearly. 'The great quaking grass so wen yearlily in many of the London gardens.' T. Johnson, [Rare.}

Yearling (yer'ling), n. A young beast one year oldor in the second year of his age.

Yearling (yerling), a. Being a year old; as, a yearling heifer.

Yearly (yerli), a. 1. Annual; happening, accruing, or coming every year; as, a yearly rent or income.

Five hundred poor I have \nyearly pay. Shak.

2. Lasting a year; as, a yea rly plant. —3. Comprehending a year; accomplished In a year; as, the yearly circuit or revolution of the earth.

The ytar/y course that brings this day about
Shall never see it but a holiday. Shak.

Yearly (yerli), adv. Annually; once a year; as, blessings if early bestowed.

Yearly will I do this rite. Shak.

Yearn (yem), v.i. [A. Sax. geornian, gearnan, gyrnan, to desire, to Leg, to yearn, from georn, desirous, eager, anxious; Icel. gjarn, eager, willing, whence girna, to desire; Goth, gairns, desirous, gairtrian, to long for; Dan. gierne. D. gaarne, G. gem, willingly. Skeat regards the word in meaning 2 (the only meaning found in Shakspere) as quite different, taking it from O E. errne, to grieve, from A. Sax yrman. to grieve, to vex, from earm, poor, wretched (D. Dan. Sw. and G. arm, Icel. armr, Goth. arms). If this is correct the word has evidently been influenced in its form by confusion with yearn, to desire] 1. To feel mental uneasiness from longing desire, from tenderness, affection, pity, or the like; to be filled with eager longing; to have a wistful feeling. 1 Ki. iii. 26. 'Swift souls that yearn for light.' Tennyson.

Joseph made haste, for his bowels did yearn upon his brother. Gen. xllii. 30.

Your mother's heart yearns toward you. Addison.

2.t To grieve; to be pained or distressed; to mourn; to sorrow.

FalstafT, he is dead.
And we must yearn therefore. Shah.

Yearn t (yern), v t To pain; to grieve; to vex.

She laments for it, that It would yearn your heart to see it, Sha*.

It yearns me not if men my garments wear. Shak.

Yearn (yernV t>»- [For earn, to curdle (which see).] To coagulate as milk. [Scotch]

Yearn (yem), vt To cause to coagulate or curdle. Sir W. Scott. [Scotch.]

Yearnet (yernX v.t [See Earn.] To earn; to gain; to procure. Spenser.

Yearnfult (yern'ful), a. Mournful; distressing.

Yearning (yern'ing), p. and a. Longing; having lonjiing desire. 'The language of his yearning soul.' Pope.

Yearning (yern'ing). n. The feeling of one who yearns; a strong feeling of tenderness, pity, or longing desire. Calamy.

Yearning (yern'ing), n. Rennet [Scotch.]

Yearningly (>ern'ing-li),atftJ. In a yearning manner; with yearning.

Yeast (yest), n. [OE. yeest, A. Sax. gist, gyst, Icel. iast,jastr, D. gest, gist, M.H.G. gest. jest, Mod. G. gdscht. yeast, from a verb signifying to ferment seen in OH O. gesan, jesan, Mod. G. qtihren, gischen, Sw. gdsa, to ferment, to froth. Allied to Gr. zed, to boil. zelos, E. zeal.) 1. Barm; ferment; the yellowish substance, having an acid reaction, produced during the vinous fermentation of saccharine fluids, rising partly to the surface in the form of a frothy, flocculent, viscid matter (surface yeast), and partly fulling to thebottom(sediment yeast). Yeast consists of aggregations of minute cells, each cell constituting a plant, Torula cerevisia. The yeast-plant is a fungus, or rather a particular state of fungus, for there are many moulds which, under certain conditions, acquire the torula property, that is, become capable of decomposing sugar. The cell consists of a cyst composed of cellulose, inclosing a semi fluid matter, essentially identical with protein. When a surface yeast-cell has attained full size, it gives off a little bud, which, on attaining the size of

the first, gives out another bud. and in this way the cells undergo exceedingly rapid multiplication. The germs of the yeastplant are supposed to exist in countless multitudes in the atmosphere, from the fact that a saccharine solution which presents no surface to the atmosphere does not ferment, while on its being so exposed fermentation seta in. Fermentation takes place sooner and goes on more rapidly when yeast is added than when the fluid is merely exposed to the atmosphere, beer yeast possessing the property of setting up fermentation in the highest degree. Surface yeast is formed at 66' to 77* Fahr., and its action is rapid and irregular, whereas sediment yeast is formed at 32* to 45*. and its action is slow and quiet. Sediment yeast is reproduced by spores and not by buds. In their chemical relations the two do not appear to differ Yeast varies in quality according to the nature of the liquid in which it is generated, and yeast merchants distinguish seseml varieties, which are employed for different purposes according to their energy and at tlvlty. Yeast is not only essential to the production of wine from grape juice and other fruit juices, the manufacture of beer, and the preparation of distilled spirits, but it is also the agent in producing the panary fermentation whereby bread is rendered light, porous, and spongy. Beer yeast is employed medicinally as a stimulant in low fevers, and is of great service in esses where, from inflammatory symptoms, wine is inadmissible. — (Jerman yeast, comm»'i yeast collected, drained, and pressed till nearly dry. It can be so kept for several months, and fs much used by bakers. — Patent yeast, yeast collected from a wort of malt and hop, and treated similarly t<> German yeast — Artificial yeast, a dough «f flour and a small quantity of common yeart made into small cakes and dried. Kept frre from moisture, it long retains its fernientative property.—2. Spume or foam of water; froth.

They melt into thy yeast of waves, which mar Alike the Armada's prutc. or spoils of Trafalgar. Syrtm.

Formerly spelled Yest 'Now the ship boring the moon with ber mainmast and anon swallowed with yest and froth.' ShakYeast-bltten (yeafbit-n), a. In brewing. too much affected by yeast.

When the process of attenuation becomes so &U-k as not to exceed half a pound in the day. it » pn>4ei-{ to cleanse, otherwise the top-barm might re-er,Mrr the body of the beer, and it would become ,m* tt~ bitten. tVr

Yeas tin ess (yes'U-nes), n. The state or quality of beuig yeasty.

Yeast-plant (yest'plant), n. The Torula cerevisuTe. See Yeast.

Yeast-powder (yest'pou-der), n. A substitute for yeast used in leavening bread, consisting of a preparation of sods, phosphate*, and other substances in the form of a powder.

Yeasty (yes'tl), a. Pertaining to, resembling, or containing yeast; frothy; foamy; spumy; yesty (which see).

Yedding,t Yeddynge.t n. {Icel. gada, tn ornament; Sc. yed, to fib. to magnify m narration] A song or ballad; properly, the song of a gleeman or minstrel. Chaucer.

Yede,t v.i. See Yead.

Yede.t Went Chaucer. Same aa Yode,

Yeelt (yel), n. Same as Ktl. BoUaud

Yefte.t n. A gift. Chaucer.

Yeld (yeld), a. [Icel. geldr, barren, giving no milk; Sw. gall, unfruitful, barren, sterile ) Not giving milk; also barren; aa. a yeld cow. Called also Yald, Yell [Scotch ]

Yelde.t v.t. To yield; to give; to pay. Chancer.

Yeldehall,t n. A guildhall. Chaucer.

Yelk (yelk), n. The yellow part of an egs: the yolk. See Yolk.

Yell (yel), a. Barren; not giving milk Srw Yeld. [Scotch.]

Yell (yel). v.i. [A. Sax. gellan, gytlan.gula*. to yell, to screech; Icel. gclla, gyalla. Pangialle, to yell; Sw. aalla, to resound, u» ring; D. gUlen, to shriek or scream. O geUen, to resound; allied to A. Sax gala*. to sing, whence gale in nightingale ] To cry out with a sharp, disagreeable noise: to shriek hideously; to cry or scream as with agony or horror. 'The night rave* that still deadly yells.' Spenser.

Poor Puck doth yell, poor Puck dotii roar.

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Yellt (yel), v.t. To utter with a yell.

As if it felt with Scotland, and yelfd out
Like syllable of dolour. Shak.

Yell (yel), n. A sharp, loud, hideous outcry; a scream or cry of horror, distress, or Xny. 'Yells of mothers, maids, nor babes.' k.

The filthy by-lane rings to theyell of the trampled wife. Tennyson.

Yelling (yel'Ing). p. and a. Uttering yells

or hideous outcries; shrieking; as, yelling

monsters. Yelling (yel'ing), n. The act or the noise

of one who or that which yells. 'Yelling*

loud and deep.' Drayton.

Pale spectres, grin around me.
And stun me with the yettings of damnation.


Yelloch (yel'och), v.i. To yell; to scream; to shriek. Sir W. Scott. [Scotch.]

Yelloch (yel'och X n. A thrill cry; a yell. [Seotch.]

Yellow (yeVld), a. [A. Sax. geolo, geolu, yellow; D.geel, OHO. gelo. Mod. G. gelb, Icel. gulr, Dan. and Sw. guul, yellow; from same root as L. hetvus, light or grayish yellow, gold and green being also from same root (the change of r to I is common); hence akin also to Or. ehloi, green herb, chloros, pale green, choU, bile (cog. with E. gall). See Green, Ac.] Being of a pure bright golden colour, or of a kindred hue; having the colour of that part of the solar spectrum situated between the orange and the green. 'Yellow autumn.' Shak. 'Fallen into the Bear, the yellow leaf.' Shak. Yellow is sometimes used as the colour betokening jealousy, envy, melancholy, Ac,, a usage no doubt connected with the figurative notions attaching to jaundice, jaundiced, the skin having a yellow hue in jaundice. — Yellow baUam, a species of Balsaminacess (Impatient Noli-tangere).—Yellow bark. See Calisaya Bark.— Yellow berrie$. See Aviqnon-berry.— Yellow centaury. Same as Yellow-wort. Yellow colour* See the noun.—Yellow copperas, a translucent mineral of a yellow colour and pearly lustre, consisting chiefly of sulphuric acid, sesquioxide of iron, and water. Daw. Yellow copper. See under PYRITES.— Yellow coralline, an orange-coloured dye formed of sulphuric, carbolic, and oxalic acids. — Yellmc dyes. See the noun.— Yellow fibrous tissue, a kind of tissue distinguished by Its yellow colour and its great elasticity. It 1b seen in the ligament of tin; neck of many quadrupeds. It is also found in the walls of the arteries, to which it gives its peculiar elasticity; and it also forms the vocal cords of the larynx. Yellow ochre, an earthy pigment coloured by the oxide of iron.— Yellow race, in ethn. Includes the Chinese, Japanese, Mongols, Lapps. Esquimaux, Ac — Yellow soap. See under Soap. ■Yell»w wall-lichen, a species of lichen, the Pamelia parietina, which grows on trees and walla It yields a yellow colouring matter, and is used in intermittent fevers.— Yellow water-lily. See NUPUAR.— Yellow willow, Salix vitellina, called also Golden onier, a small tree deriving its name from the yellow colour of its branches. It is used for wicker-work.

Yellow (yeFlo), n. One of the prismatic colours; a bright golden colour, the type of which may be found In the field buttercup, which is a pure yellow. United with blue it yields green; with red it produces orange. (See Colour.) The principal yellow pigments used In painting are brown pink, chrome yellow, Dutch pink, English pink, Indian yellow, king's-yellow, Naplesyellow, patent-yellow, and weld yellow. The principal yellow dyes are obtained from anwtto, fustic, French berries, fustet, quercitron bark, turmeric, saw-wort, weld, and willow leaves; also from chromate of lead, iron oxide, nitric acid, sulphide of antimony, and sulphide of arsenic. Yellow is used an a symbol of jealousy. See Yellowness.

So yellow iu't. lest she suspect, as he does.
Her children not her husband's. Shak.

Yellow (yello), v t. To render yellow. 'My papers, yellow d with their age.' Shak.

Yellow (yel'16), v.i. To grow yellow. "The opening valleys and the yellowing plains.' Dyer.

Yellow-ammer, n. See Yellow-hammer.

YellOW-blrd (yerld-beYd), n. A small singing bird of the family Fringillidre, common in the United States, the FringUla or Chrysometris tristis. The summer dress of the male is of a lemon yellow, with the wings.

tail, and fore part of the head black. The female and male, during winter, are of a brown olive colour. When caged the song of this bird greatly resembles that of the canary. The name is also given to the yellow poll warbler (Dendroioa astiva).— Yellow bird'snest. See MONOTROPA. Yellow-boy (yello-boi), n. A cant name for a guinea or other gold coin.

John did not starve the cause; there wanted not yellow-boys to fee counsel. Arbuthnot.

Yellow-bunting (yeFld-bunt-ing), n. The yellow-hammer (which see).

Yellow-fever(yeri6-f6-ver), n. A malignant febrile disease, indigenous chiefly to the West Indies, upper coasts of South America, the borders of the Gulf of Mexico, and the Southern United States. It is attended with yellowness of the skin, of some shade between lemon-yellow and the deepest orange-yellow. It resembles typhus fever in the prostration, blood-disorganization, and softening of internal organs which are features of both diseases.

Yellow-golds (yello-goldz), n. A certainflower. /•' Jonson.

Yellow-gum (yelld-gum), n. 1. The Jann

. dice of infants (icterus infantum). —2. See Black-gum.

Yellow-hammer, Yellow-ammer (yelloham-meT, yel'ld-am-mer), n. [Yellow, and A. Sax. amore, the name of a bird, same as G. ammer, the yellow-hammer, called also gold-ammer, gelb-ammer, gold-bunting, yellow-bunting. The spelling with h, though common, is erroneous. ] 1. A passerine bird of the genus Emberiza, the E citrinella: called also Yellow Bunting. The head, cheeks, front of the neck, belly, and lower tail-coverts are of a bright yellow; the upper surface is partly yellow, but chiefly brown, the feathers on the top of the back being blackish in the middle, and the tail feathers are also blackish. The yellow-hammer is a resident in Britain, and generally throughout Europe. In summer the well-known notes of the male are almost incessantly heard from the roadside hedge.—2. A gold coin; a yellow-boy. [Old slang.]

Is that he that has gold enough? would I had some of his yellow-hammers, Shirley

Yellowish (yellMsh). a. Somewhat yellow; as. amber is of a yellowish colour.

Yellowlahness (yello^ish-xies), n. The quality of being yellowish. Boyle.

Yellow-Jack (yello-jak), n. A name given to yellow-fever. [Colloq.]

Hare seen three choleras, two army ferers. and yellcw-jaek without end. Kingsley.

Yellow-legs (yelld-legx), n, A grallatorial bird of the genus Gambetta (O. fiavi^es), family Scolopactdre, distributed along the eastern coast of America from Maine to Florida, so called from the colour of its legs. It is 10 inches long, with a bill 1} Inch. It Is migratory, leaving the north in summer. It feeds on fish fry. crustaceans, Ac., and in autumn it is fat and much prized for table.

Yellow-metal (yello-met-al), n. A sheathing alloy of copper and zinc; Muntz's metal.

Yellowness (yel'ld-nes), n, 1. The quality of being yellow; as, the yellowness of an orange.— 2.t Jealousy. See remark under the adjective.

1 will possess him with yellowness Shah.

Yellow-pine (yelld-pln), n. A North American tree of the genus Finns, /'. mitis or variabilis. The wood is compact and durable, and is universally employed in the countries where ft grows for domestic purposes. It is also extensively exported to Britain and elsewhere. In Canada and Nova Scotia the name is given to P. resinosa, and it is also applied to P. australis. See FINE.

Yellow-rattle (yel'Io-rat-I), n. A British plant of the genus Khinanthus, It. cristaqallL See Rhinanthus.

Yellow-rocket (yel'16-rok-et), n, A British plant of the genus Barbarea, the B. vulgaris, called also Bitter Winter-cress. See WinTer-cress.

Yellow-root (yeFlcVrOt), n. A plant of the genus Xanthorrhiza, theX apitfolia. It is a small North American shrub having creeping roots of a yellow colour, stalked pinnate or bipinnate leaves, and small dull purple flowers in axillary branched racemes. The bark of the root is intensely bitter, and is used in America as a tonic.

Yellows (jeFloz). n. 1. An inflammation of the liver, or a kind of jaundice which affects horses, cattle, and sheep, causing yellow

ness of the eyes. 'His horse . . . raled with the yellows.' Shak.—2. A disease of peach-trees, little heard of except in America, where it destroys whole orchards in a few years.—3. t Jealousy. Brome.

Yellow-snake Oel'ld-snak), n. A large species of boa, common in Jamaica, the ChUabothrus inornatus. It is from 8 to 10 feet long, the head olive-green, the front part of the body covered with numerous black lines, while the hinder part is black, spotted with yellowish olive.

Yellow-throat <yel'ld-thr6t), n. A small North American singing bird of the genus Sylvia (S. Marilandica), a species of warbler.

Yellow-top (yel'16-top), n. A variety of turnip, from the colour of the skin on the upper part of the bulb.

Yellow-weed (yellowed), n. The common name of British plants of the genus Reseda. See RESEDA.

Yellow-WOOd (yeFld-wud), n. 1. Oxleya xanthoxyla, nat. orderCedrelacere, a timbertree growing iu Eastern Australia often to the height of 100 feet. The wood is yellow. 2 Same as Prickle-yellow.

Yellow-wort (yel'16-wert), n. A British plant of the genus Chlora, C. perfoliata, nat. order Gentianacece. It is an annual plant, with a stem about 1 foot high. It is very glaucous, with perfoliate leaves, and bearing many bright yellow flowers. It grows on chalky or hilly pastures.

Yellow-wove (yel'ld-wov), n. A wove paper of a yellow colour.

Yelp (yelp),v.i. (O.E. yelpen, gelpen.A.S&x. gilpan, only in the sense of to boast; Icel. gjalpa, to yelp; allied to yell. ] 1. To utter a sharp or shrill bark; to give a sharp, quick cry, as a dog, either in eagerness or in pain or fear; to yaup. 'Yelp'd the cur and yawl'd the cat' Tennyson.— 2. t To prate; to boast

I kepe nought ot arms for toyel/e. Chanter

Yelp (yelp), n. An eager bark or cry; a sharp quick bark or cry caused by fear or pain. 'With inward yelp and restless forefoot.' Tennyson.

Yelping (yelp'ingj p. and o. Barking shrilly with eagerness, pain, or fear; barking without courage. 'A yelping kennel of French curs.' Shak.

Yeltt For Yeldeth. Yieldeth. Chaucer.

Yeman, t n. A yeoman; a commoner; a feudal retainer. Chaucer.

Yemanrie, t n. Yeomanry; the rank of yeomen. Chaucer.

Yenisean (yen'i-se-an), a. Of or pertaining to the Yenisei, the longest river in Siberia; specifically, applied to the dialect spoken by the people occupying the tract of country along the middle course of the Yenisei.

Yen He (yeult), n. (From Jena, the town in Germany.] A silicate of iron and calcium generally containing manganese: it is found in large trimetric crystals in the island of Elba. It is also called Lievrite.

Yeoman (y6'man), n. pL Yeomen (yfi'men). [O.E. yeman, yoman; not in A. Sax. A word of doubtful origin. The most probable etymologies are: (1) That It is equivalent to Fris. gaman, gamon, a villager, a man of a ga or village -ga = G. gau, Goth, gavi, a district. (2) That it is equivalent to yememan, from O.E. yeme, A. Sax. gym*, care, attention; also gyman, to take care of, to protect, Ac , so that the primary sense would be a person in charge. The combination eo, common in A. Sax. words, is rare in modern English. See People.] 1. A man of small estate in land, not ranking as one of the gentry; a freeholder; a gentleman-farmer; a farmer or other person living in the country between the rank of gentleman and hind or labourer. 'Not so wealthy as an English yeoman.' Shak. 'Farmers and substantial yeomen.' Locke.—2. One not advanced to the rank of a gentleman.

He's a mad yeoman that sees his son a gentleman before him. Shak.

3. An upper or gentleman servant 'A Jolly yeoman, marshal 1 of the hall.' Spenser.

The lady of the Strachy married the yeoman of the wardrobe. Shak.

4 t A name given in courtesy to common soldiers.

Fight, gentlemen of England I fight, bold yeomen. Shak.

b. t An assistant or underling; an under bailiff; a bailiffs assistant. Shak.—6 Saut.n person appointed to assist in attending to the stores of the gunner, the boatswain, or the carpenter In a ship of war.—7. A member

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of the yeomanry cavalry (see Yeomanry). Aytoun. Yeomen of the guard, in England, a body-guard of the sovereign, habited in the costume of Henry VlII.'s time, and commanded by a captain and other officers. See Beefeater. Yeomanly (y6'man-li), a. Pertaining to a yeoman; auitable to or becoming a yeoman. B. Jonson. Yeomanry (y6'man-ri), n. 1. The collective body of yeomen; yeomen collectively.—2. A volunteer cavalry force originally embodied in Britain during the wars of the French revolution, and consisting to a great extent of gentlemen or wealthy farmers. They undergo six days' training, and must attend a certain number of drills yearly, for which they receive a money allowance. They must furnish their own horses, but have a small allowance for clothing; the government also supplying arms ami ammunition. Unlike the ordinary volunteer force, the yeomanry cavalry may be called out to aid the civil power in addition to their being liable for service on invasion of the country by a foreign enemy.

Yerba, Yerba-mate (yerta, yer-ba-ma'ta),

n. [Verba (Sp., from L. herba, herb) is the

proper name; mate is a cup, the cup or dish

from which the tea is drunk. ] A name

given to Paraguay tea, the produce of Ilex

vamguemis. See Paraguay Tea.

Yerde.t ». A yard; a rod; a Btaff. Chaucer.

Yergas (yer'gas),n. A kind of coarse woollen

wrapper used for horse-cloths. Simmondt.

Yerk (yerk), v.t. [See Jerk.] 1. To throw

or thrust with a sudden smart spring or


Their wounded steeds . . . Yerk out their armed heels at their dead masters. Shak.

2. To lash; to strike; to beat [Old English and Scotch.]

Whilst I securely let him over-slip,
Were jerking him with iny satyric whip.


3. To bind; to tie. [Scotch.]

But he is my sister's son—our flesh and blood—and his hands arcwr-tri as tight as cords can be drawn. Sir H'. Scoff.

Yerk (yerk), v.t. 1. To throw out the heels suddenly; to kick with both hind-legs.

The horse being tnad withal, yerked out behind. • North.

2. To move with sudden jerks; to jerk. Beau.

.1- Fl. Yerk (yerk), n. A sudden or quick thrust

or motion; a kick; a smart Btroke; a blow. Yerl,»»- An earl. [Scotch] Yarn, v.i. To yearn. Yern,t Yernet (i'ern), n. Iron. Yerne,t a. [A. Sax. georn. See Yearn.]

Brisk; eager. Chaucer. Yeme,t adv. [A. Sax. georne. See Yearn.]

Briskly; eagerly; earnestly. Chaucer. Yer-nut, Yar-nut (yer'nut, yar'uut), n. [See

Aunot.j Earth-nut;pig-nut; Buniumjlexu

ostim. Yes lyes), adv. [A. Sax. gese, gise—ged, yea,

and st, si?, be it so, let it be, 3d sing. pres.

snbj., one of the conjugational forms of the

substantive verb in A. Sax. =G. sei, let it be;

akin to L. rim, may it be; from the root as.

See AM, Are.] A word which expresses

affirmation or consent: opposed to no; as,

are you married, madam? yes. It is used

like yea, to enforce by repetition or addition,

something which precedes.

I say, take heed;
Yes, heartily beseech you. Shak,

Yes, you despise the man to books confin'd. Pope.

[ For distinction between yes and yea, «« ami nay, see under Yea.]

Yeaawal (yes/a-wal), »■ In India, a state messenger.

Yesk (yesk), v i. [See Yex.] To hiccup. [Old English and Scotch ]

YeBt(yest), H. Same as Yeast

Yester(yes'ter),a. [A.Snx.geostra, giestra, gystra. and by metathesis gyrsta. of yesterday, yesterday's, whence geostran dceg, yesterday (the words being in the accusative); gyttran niht, yesternight; D. gisteren, G. gtJftcrn. yesterday; Goth, gistra, gistra dagis, to-morrow. These are comparative forms, similar to L. hesternus. of yesterday; simpler forms are Icel. g<er, g>ir, yesterday, also tomorrow; Dan. gaar, L. fieri, yesterday, the r here representing * seen in hesternus, Gr. ehthes. Skr. hyas, yesterday ] Belongiug to the day preceding the present; next before the present

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Note. This word is seldom used except in the compounds which follow. Yesterday (yetfter-da), n. [See Yester.] The day last past; the day next before the present. It is often figuratively used for time not long gone by; time in the immediate past.

We are but ot yesterday, and know nothing.

Job viii. 9.
To-morrow, and to-morrow, and to-morrow.
Creeps in this petty pace from day to day
To the last syllable of recorded time.
And all our yesterdays have lighted fools
The way to dusty dejth. Shak.

Great families of yesterday we show,

And lords whose parents were—the lord knows who. Def<*.

Note. Yesterday and the words similarly compounded are generally used without a preposition, on or during being understood. in such cases the words are considered as adverbially used, and are, indeed, frequently classed as adverbs; as, I met the duke yesterday. 'What man was he talked with you yesternight I' Shak,

Yeatereve (yes'ter-ev), n. The evening last past 'In hope that you would come here yestereve.' B. Jonson.

Yestereven (yes-ter-e'vn), n. Same as Yester eve.

Yesterevening (yes-ter-e'vu-ing), n. Same as Yeatereve. 'Whom he ne'er saw till yesterevening.' Byron.

Yesterfangt (yes'ter-fang), n. That which was taken, captured, or caught on the previous day or occasion. Uohnshed.

Yestermorn (yes'ter-morn), n. The morn or morning before the present; the morn last past Howe.

Yestermorning (yes-ter-morn'ing),n. Same as Yestermorn.

Ye8ternt (yes'tern), a. Relating to the day last past.

Yesternight (yes'ter-nlt), n. The night last past.

Come not as thou earnest of late.

Flinging the gloom of yesternight

On the white day. Tennyson.

For the adverbial use see Yesterday.

My lord, I think I saw him yesternight. Shak,

Yestreen (yes-tren'). n. [Contracted from y«-#f*rere». 1 Last nigh t; yesternight [Scotch. ]

Yesty (yes'ti). a. 1. Relating to, composed of, or resembling yeast; yeasty.—2. Foamy; frothy; spumy. 'Though the yesty waves confound and swallow navigation up.' Shak. Hence—3. Fig. light; unsubstantial; worthless. 'Knowledge . . . above the compass of his yesty brain.' Drayton,

Yet (yet), adv. [A. Sax get, git, gyt, geta,

?ita,gyta, yet, still, further, even now; O. ris icta, MHO. iezuo (Mod., now). The O.O. mo=E. to, and accordingly yet is perhaps equivalent to yea to or yea too.]

1. In addition; over and above; in repetition; further; besides; still: used especially with comparatives. 'Yet more quarrelling.' Shak.

This furnishes us with yet one more reason why our Saviour lays such a particular stress on acts of mercy Atteroury

The rapine is made yet blacker by the pretence of piety and justice Sir A'. J.'kstrange,

The meaning of yet is similar after nor.

Men may not too rashly believe the confessions of witches, nor yet the evidence against them. Bacon.

2. Still, in continuance of a former state; at this, or at that time, as formerly; now, or then, as at a previous period. 'Live you yet I' Shak.

They attest facts they had heard while they were yet heathens. Addison.

3. At or before some future time; before all is done. * He'll be hanged yet.' Shak. 'We may effect this business yet ere day.' Shak.

4. l"p to the present time; thus far; hitherto; already. 'KnoweBt thou me yet f 'Is that letter . . . yet sent away?" *Tis but her picture I have i/etbeheld.' Shak. Preceded by the negative no( = not so soon as now; not up till the present time.

Let me remember thee what thou hast promised.
Which is not yf performed me. Shak.

It is often accompanied by as in this sense; as. I have not met him as yet. 'Unreconciled as yet to Heaven." Shak.—5 At or in the present time or juncture; before something else; as, shall the deed be done yett 'Stay; not yet' Shak.

Thales being asked when a man should marry,

said, 'Young men, not yet; old men. not at all."


6. Though the case be such; still.

Madam, if your heart be so obdurate.
Vouchsafe meyet your picture for my love.


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Yet is sometimes used in the poetic style in forming compounds with participles to denote continuance of the action or state, or as equivalent to still; as, the yet-bleeding wound. 'The yet-loved sire." Tennyson. •The j/el-unblazoned shield.' Tennyson. Yet (yet), conj. Nevertheless; notwithstanding; however.

Yet, I say to you, that Solomon in all his glory, was not arrayed like one of these. Mm. «i 39.

Yeten. t Gotten. Cha ucer.
Yett (yet), n. A gate. [Scotch.]
Yeve.t v.t. To give. Chaucer.
Yeven,t pp. Given. Chaucer.
Yew (yu), n, [A. Sax. eov, fir. the yew;
O.H.G. ilea, Mod. G. eibe, D. ijf, led yr;
cog. W. yw, ywen. Armor, inn, Corn, hiriu—
yew.] An evergreen tree of the genus Taxus.
nat order or
sub-order Tax-
acea*. The com-
mon yew is T.
baceata, indi-
genous in most
part* of Europe,
and found in
many parts of
Great Britain
and Ireland. It
la a low tree,
usuaUy rising 3
or 4 feet from
the ground.
and then send-
ing out numer-
ous spreading
branches, form-
ing a dense
head of foliage
often SO to 40
feet high. On account of its gloomy and
funereal aspect it was very frequently
planted in churchyards, and is thus associ-
ated by our poets with death, the grave,
bereavement, gloom, and the like. Ita wood
was extensively used in the manufacture of
bows previous to the discovery of gunpow-
der, and the name has by several writers
been used as synonymous with owe, much in
the same way as steel for ticord. 'With his
yew and ready quiver.' Sylvester.

At first the brandished arm the jarelirt threw.
Or sent winged arrows from the twangingyr=?

In our own days, on account of the durability of the timber, and of its hard, compact, close grain, it is much employed by cabinet-makers and turners. The American yew(T. baceata canadensis) is a low prostrate shrub, never forming an erect trunk. It is found in Canada and the more northern of the United States, and is commonly called Qround~hemlock.

Yew (yu), o. Relating to yew-trees; made of the wood of the yew-tree.

Yew (yu), v.i. To rise, as scum on the brine in boiling at the salt-works; to yaw.

Yew-bOW (u'b6), n. A shooting bow made of yew, much used in ancient times by English bowmen.

Yewent (yu'en), a. Made of yew.

Yew-tree (yu'tre), n. See Yew.

In it throre an ancient evergreen.

K yen-tree. Tennyswn.

Yex (yeks), n. [A- Sax. geoesa, peoeco, a sobbing, probably also the hiccup; giseian, g\r stan, to sob; Sc. yesk or yisk, the hiccup-] A hiccup. Holland. (Old and provincial 1

Yex (yeks), v.i. To hiccup. [Old and provincial]

Yezdegerdlan (ye2-de-(rrsr/di-an). <i. A tersn applied to an era, dated from the overthrow of the Persian Empire, when YesdegmJ wx< defeated by the Arabians, in the eleventh year of theHegira, A P. 6S6

Yezidee (yex'i-deX "- A member of a small tribe of people bordering on the Euphrates. whose religion is said to be a mixture of the worship of the devil, with some of the doctrines of the Magi, Mohammedans, an J Christiana

Y-feret (i-ferO. *d> (Apparently from O E. ifere, A. Sax geftra, a companion } In company or union: together.

O goodly golden chain! where-wirti yferr

The vertu*rs linked .ire n ioteiy «ise- Sfr^sf

TjEdxaaO, YggdraaUl OgMra-aiU » la

Scand. myth, the ash-tree which binds together heaven, earth, and hell Its branehe* spread over the whole world and reach above the heavens. Its roots run in three directions: one to the Asa gnda in braver, one to the Frost-giants, and the thiol u> the under-world. Under each root is a fcustam

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