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Cross reference* are to articles in the body of the work unless where the Supplement U expressly referred to.
Additions to articles are marked [add.]

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Abaxial, AbaxUe (ab-ak'si-al, ab-ak'sil), a, [Prefix ah. and axis.] Not in the axis; specifically, In bot. applied to the embryo when out of the axis of the seed. Balfour.

Abecedary (a-W-se'da-ri), n. A first principle or element; rudiment 'Such rudiments or abecedaries.' FuUer.

Abiogenesist(a-ln'6-jen"e-si3t), n. Same aa Abiogenist

Abiogenetic (a-bi'6-jen-et"ik), a. Of, pertaining to, or produced by abiogenesis.

Abiogenetically (a-bi'd-Jen-et"ik-al-Ii), adv. In an abiogenetic manner. Ency. Brit.

Abiogenist (a-M-oj'en-ist), n. A believer in the doctrine of abiogenesis. Pop. Ency.

Abiogeny (a-bi-oj'en-i), n. Same aa Abiogenesis.

Abirritate (ab-ir'ri-tat), v.t In med. to deaden, as the vital phenomena of the tissues; to debilitate.

AbirritatlYe (abb-Vi-tat-lv), a. In med. tending to abirritate.

Ablegate (ableg-at), n. [Prefix ab. and legate.] In the /; Cath. Ch. a special commissioner charged with conveying his insignia of office to a newly appointed cardinal.

Abolitionize (ab-6-li'ahon-iz). v.t. To imbue with the doctrines or principles of an abolitionist.

Aborticide (a-bortfl-sid), n. [L. abortus, an untimely birth, and ecedo, to kill.] In obstetrics, the destruction of a monstrous fetus in utero.

Abrogative fab'rd-ga-tiv), a. [See AbroGate] Tending to abrogate; capable of abrogating or annulling.

Absey-bookt (ab'se-bttk), n. [That is an a 6 c book.] A primer, which sometimes included a catechism.

And then comes answer like an absry-bwk. ShaJb.

Absinthic (ab-Bin'thik), a. Of or pertaining to absinthium or wormwood, or to an acid obtained from it.

Absolutist (at/so-Iut-ist), a. Of or pertaining to absolutism; despotic; absol litis tic.

All these things were odious to the old governing classes of France: their spirit was absolutist, ecclesiastical, and military. John Morley.

Abstain! (ab-stan'), v.t. To hinder; to obstruct; to debar; to cause to keep away from. 'Abstain men from marrying.' Milton.

Academicism (ak-a-dem'I-sizm), n. The system or mode or teaching at an academy; an academical mannerism, as of painting.

Academics (ak-a-dem'iks), n. The Platonic philosophy; Platonism.

Accad (ak'ad), n. 1. A member of one of the primitive races of Babylonia; one of the dominant race at the time to which the earliest contemporaneous records reach back. This race iB believed to have belonged to the Turanian family, or to have been at anyrate non-Semitic. Also written Akkad.

The Accadai, or Accads, were 'the Highlanders' who had descended from the mountainous region of Elani on the east, and it was to them that the Assyrians ascribed the origin of Chaldean civilisation and writing. A. H. Sayct.

2. The language of this race; Accadian.

Accadian (ak-ka'di-an), a. Belonging to the Accads or primitive inhabitants of Babylonia Also written Akkadian.

Accadian (ak-ka'di-an), n. 1. An Accad.— 2. The language of the Accads, a non-Semitic and probably Turanian speech spoken in

ancient Babylonia previously to the later and better known Semitic dialect of the cuneiform inscriptions. A kindred dialect, the Sumerian, seems to have been in use at the same time in Babylonia

Accentuate, v.t. [add.] To lay stress upon; to emphasize; to give prominence to; to mark as of importance; as, he accentuated the views of the party on this question.

Acclpitral (ak-sip'i-tral), a. Of or pertaining to the Accipitres or birds of prey; having the character of a bird of prey. 'Of temper most accipitral. hawkish, aquiline, not to say vulturish.' Carlyle.

Acclamator (ak-kla-ma'ter), n. One who expresses joy or applause by acclamation. 'Acclamators who had filled . . . the air with ' Vive le Roy.' Evelyn.

Accrementitlal (ak'kr€-men-tr"shal), a. In physiol. of or pertaining to the process of accrementition.

Accrementition (akTrre-men-trBhon), »l In physiol. the process of producing or developing a new individual by the growth, extension, and separation of a part of the parent; gemmation.

Accumulator, n, [add.] In elect same as Condenser. The name is now especially applied to a kind of battery devised by M. Camille Faure, by means of which electric energy can be stored and rendered portable. Each battery forms a cylindrical leaden vessel, containing alternate sheets of metallic lead and minium wrapped in felt and rolled into a spiral wetted with acidulated water. On being charged with electricity the energy may be stored till required for use.

Accuse (ak-kuzO, v.t [add.] tTo indicate; to evince; to show; to manifest

Amphialus answered . . . with such excusing himself that more and more accused his love to Philoclea. 5w- P. Sidney.

Acidinc (as-id-ifik), a. Producing acidity or an acid; acidifying.

Acidulent (a-sid'u-lent), a. Being somewhat acid or sour; cross; tart; peevish. 'Anxious acidulent face.' Carlyle.

Acierage (a'se-er-aj), n. [Fr. acier, steel] A process by which an engraved copperplate or an electrotype from an engraved plate of steel or copper has a film of iron deposited over its surface by electricity, in order to protect the engraving from wear in printing. By this means an electrotype of a fine engraving which, if printed directly from the copper, would not yield 500 good impressions, can be made to yield 3000 or more. Whenever the film of iron becomes so worn as to reveal any part of the copper underneath, it is removed and a fresh coating deposited; and in this way as many as 30,000 good impressions have been printed from the electrotype of a finely-engraved plate.

Acoustically; (a-kous'tik-al-li), adv. In relation to or in a manner adapted to acoustics. Prof. Tyndall.

Acrobatic (ak'ro-bat-lk), a. Of or pertaining to an acrobat or his performance; as, acrobatie feats; acrobatic entertainments.

Acronyctous (ak-rd-nik'tuaX a. Same as Acronyc.

Acrotlsm (ak'ro-tizm), n. [Gr. a, priv . and krotfis, a beating] In med. an absence or weakness of the pulse.

Actable (akt'a-bl), a. Capable of being acted or performed; practically possible.

Is naked truth actable in true life! Tennyson.

Actlnology (ak-ti-nol'd-JI), n. [Or. aktis, aktinos, a ray, and logos, a discourse] That branch of science which investigates the power of Bunlight to cause chemical action.

Actinophorous(ak-ti-nofor-us),o[Gr.aktis, aktinos, a ray, and pher6,1 carry.] Having ray-like spinea

Actionless (ak'shon-les), a. Unfit to be made the subject of a legal action; not actionable.

Actual (ak'tu-al), n. Something actual or real. 'Not . . . actuals, but only Egyptian budget estimates.' Fortnightly Rev.

Actualist (ak'tu-al-ist), n. One who deals with actualities: opposed to idealist. Qrote.

Acturience (ak-tu'ri-ens), n. [From act, and urio, the termination of Latin desiderative verbs.] A desire for action. Orote. [Rare.]

Acupress (ak'u-pres), v.t In surg. to stop haemorrhage in by means of acupressure.

Adamantold (ad-a-mant'oid), n. [Gr. adamos, the diamond, and eidos, resemblance.) A crystal characterized by being bounded by forty-eight equal triangles.

Adeemla-iK'iu'),P.(. [L.adtmo.totakeaway ] In law, to withdraw, revoke, or take away, as a grant, a legacy, or the like.

Adeep (a-dep'X adv. Deeply. 'We shout so adeep down creation's profound/ E. B. Browning. [Rare. ]

Adenophorous(ad-e-nof'or-us),a. [Qradfin. a gland, and pher6, to bear.] In tool, and bot. bearing glands.

Adiaphoiist (ad-i-af'6-rist), n. [Gr. adiaphora, things.] A follower of Melancthon in the sixteenth century, who maintained that, in matters indifferent, charity was to be preferred to uniformity, and that obedience was due to the imperial power. The Adlaphorists also accepted the interim of Charles V. See InTerim, 2.

Adiaphoristlc (ad'I-af-o-rls"tik), a. Of or pertaining to the Adlaphorists, or to the controversies between the followers of Luther and Melancthon.

Adipsous (a-dip'sus), a. [Gr. priv. a, and dipsa, thirst] Tending to quench thirst, as certain fruits.

Adjutator (ad'jQ-ta-ter), n. [L. adjuto, to assist] See Agitator, 2.

Admissive (ad-mis'iv), a. Having the nature of an admission; containing an admission or acknowledgment 'More admissive than excusatory.' Lamb.

Admonitorial(ad-mon'i-t6"ri-al),a. Reproving; admonishing; having the manner of Ld, ad monitor.

Miss Tox . . . has acquired an admoniUrial tone, and a habit of improving passing occasions. Dickens.

Adonis (a-d&'nis), n. A kind of wig formerly worn.

He puts on a fine flowing adonis or white periwig.

Adoptability (a-dopt'a-biH-ti), n. TheBtatc of being adoptable; the capability of being adopted; also, that which can be adopted or made use of. 'The select adoptabilities.' Carlyle.

Adoptable (a-dopt'a-bl), a. Capable of, fit for, or worthy of being adopted. 'The Li

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turgy or adaptable and generally adopted set of prayers.' Carlyle.

Adoratory (a-dor/a-to-ri),«. A place of worship; a church or chapel. Southey.

Ad signification, n. [add.] An additional signification.

And in this opinion (viz. that there is no adsignificafion of manner or time in that which is called the indicative mood, no adsignijfeation of time in that which is called the present participle) I am neither new nor singular. Home Tooke.

Adusk (a-dusk'), a. or adv. In the dusk or twilight; dark. * To die and leave the world adusk' E. B. Browning. [Rare.]

Adverbtalize (ad-verb'i-al-iz), v.t. To give the form or force of an adverb to; to use as an adverb.

Advower (ad-vou'er), n. The owner of an advowson: a patron. See Advowson.

JEdceolOgy (e-de-ul'o-ji), «. [Gr aidoia, the privy parts, and logos, a discourse] That part of medical Bclence which treats of the organs of generation; also, a treatise on or account of the organs of generation.

^githognath» (e-gf-thog'na-the), n. pi. [Gr. aigithos. a sparrow, and gnathos, the jaw] In Huxley's classification of birds, drawn from their osseous structure, a suborder of Cariuatre, having the bones of the palate disposed as in the sparrow and other passerine birds.

jEgithognatnous (e-gUhog'na-thus), a. Of or pertaining to the JEgitliognathee.

£olOtropiC (e'ol-d-trop"ik), a. [Gr. aiolos, changeful, and trope", a turning.] Applied to bottles unequally elastic in different directions: opposed to inotropic. Sir W. Thornton.

Aerokllnoscope (a'er-6-klin"d-skop),n. [Gr. air, air klind, to bend or incline, and skope6, I view.] An apparatus constructed to show the direction of the wind in connection with the barometic pressure.

£rose (e'rosX «• [L. orrosus, containing brass or copper.] Having the nature of or resembling copper or brass; coppery.

Aerosiderite (a'er-d-sid"er-it). n. [Gr. air, air, and sideros, iron.] An iron meteorite.

Aerosiderolite (a'er-d-sid"er-o-litX, n. [Gr. air, air, sideros, iron, and lithos, a stone.] A meteor containing both stone and iron.

.£sthematologyies-the'ma-tor'o-ii),n. [Gr. aisthema, a perception, and logos, discourse. ] The doctrine of the senses, or the apparatus of the senses; that part of physiological anatomy which treats of the senses. Dunglison.

JEsthesiology (es-the'si-or'o-ji), n, [Gr. aisthesis, perception, and logos, discourse ] The doctrine or branch of knowledge concerned with the sensations. Dunglison.

JEsthesodlc (es-the-sod'ikV a. [Gr. aisthfisis, sensation, and hodos, a path. ] Capable of conducting sensation: said of the gray matter of the spinal cord, which can convey sensory impressions to the sensoriuru though itself insensible.

JEsthete(es'thet), n. One devoted to the principles or doctrines of aesthetics: specifically applied in a send-contemptuous way to one who carries the cultivation of the sense of the beautiful to a ridiculous extent.

Afflnitlon(af-fl-ni'shon), n. The state or quality of being affined; mental affinity or attraction. [Rare.]

Aflow (a-fld'). a. or adv. In a loose, waving state; flowing. 'With grey hair ajlow. Whittier. [Rare.]

Africander (afrik-an-der), n. A native of Cape Colony or the neighbouring regions born of white parents.

After-dinner (aft'er-din-er), a. Happening or done after dinner; as, an after-dinner speech: sometimes used substantively. 'An after-dinner's nap.' Tennyson.

In after-dinner talk
Across the walnuts and th,e wine. Tennyson.

After-Shaft (aft'er-shaft), n. Tn ornith. a supplementary or accessory shaft furnished with barbs or fibres, given off at the point of junction of the shaft and quill of most feathers except those of the wings and tail.

Again, [add] Also pronounced a-gan', at least in poetry, as evidenced by following passages.

When she was cased of her pain

Came the t»ood lord Athelstane,

When her ladyship married again. Thackeray.
O that 'twere possible
After lone tfrief and pain
To find the arms of my true love
Round me once again I Tennyson.

Ageing (aj'ing), n. In calico-printing, a process during which the colour previously deposited on the outside of the fibre gradu

ally penetrates it and becomes more firmly attached.

Agmatology (ag-ma-toro-ji), n. [Or. agma, aguiatos, a fracture, and logos, a discourse] In surg. that department of the science which treats of fractures; also, a treatise on fractures.

Agminate, Agmlnated (ag'min-at, ag'minat-ed), a. [L, agmen, agininis. a crowd, a band.] Crowded; closely packed: specifically applied in anat. to certain glands or follicles in the small intestine. Called also Peyer's Glands.

Agraffe, Agraff (a-graf). "- fFr. agrafe, a hook, a clasp. See Aqqrai'pes.) A sort of clasp or hook. 'An agraffe set with brilliants.' Sir W. Scott.

Braided tresses, and cheeks <if bloom.

Diamond agraj/an-A foam-white plume. Lander.

Agraphia (a-grafi-a). n. [Gr. a, priv., and grapho, to describe, to write.] In pat hot. a form of aphasia, in which the patient is unable to express ideas by written signs. See Aphasia in Supp.

Agrln (a-grin'), a. or adv. In the act or state of grinning; on the grin. 'His visage all agrin.' Tennyson.

AgriolOgist (ag-ri-ol'o-jist), n. (Gr. agrios, pertaining to a wild slate, and logos, a discourse. ] One who makes a comparative study of human customs, especially of the customs of man in a rude or uncivilized state. Max MiUUr.

AgriolOgy (ag-ri-ol'o-Ji), n. The comparative study of the customs of man in his natural state.

Agronomial <ag-rd-nd'mi-al), a. Same as Agronomic. Lord Lvttoti.

Agrope (a-grop'), ado. Gropingly. £. B. Browning.

Agrypnotlc (ag-rip-notlk), u [Gr. agryjh nos, sleepless.] In med. something which tends to drive away sleep.

Alno u'not, n. One of a tribe found in the interior of Yesso. fu the south of Sakhalin and the Kurile Islands, supposed to be the remains of the aboriginal population.' They are remarkable for their hirsuteness, in many cases the bodies, and still more frequently the legs and arms, being covered with short, bristly hair. The word is also used adjectively.

Alrwards (ar'werds), adv Up in the air; upwards. 'Soar airwards again.' Thackeray.

Akkad, Akkadian See Accad, Accadian.

Aibescence (al-bes'ens), n. (L. albesco, to grow white, from albus, white.] The act or state of growing white or whitish.

Albuminlform (al - bu-ruin'i-form), a. Formed like or resembling albumen.

Albumlnlmeter ( al- bu'iiii-niiu"e-tor). n. An instrument for measuring the quantity of albumen contained in any substance.

Ale tho scope (a-le'tho-skop), ». [Gr. alethes, true, and skoped, to view.] An optical instrument by means of which pictures are made to present a more natural and lifelike appearance.

AlexlpyretlC (a-lek'si-pi-ret"ik), a. [Gr. alexo, to ward off, and pyretos, a fever.] In med. same as Febrifuge.

Alfalfa (al-fal'fa), n. [Sp] A name given to a valuable pasture and forage plant; the lucerne (Medicago sativa).

Algoid (al'goid), a. [L. alga, a sea-weed, and Gr. eidos, resemblance. ] Resembling the algre or aquatic plants.

Algonkin, Algonquin (al-gon'kin), n. A family of North American Indians, which contained many tribes, and fonnerly occupied the valley of the Mississippi and all the country eastward; a member of this family.

Allegorization (al'Ie-gor-i-za'shon), n. The act of turning into allegory; allegorical treatment

Alllteral (al-Iit'eral), a. Same as Alliterative. See Alutekation.

AllOChrouB (al-lok'nis), a. [Or. aUochroos, allochrous—alios, other, and chroa, colour.] Of various colours: generally applied to minerals.

Allomorphic (al-16-mor'nk), a. Pertaining to or possessing the qualities of allomorphism.

Allomorphism (al-15-mor'flxm), n. [Gr. alios, other, and morphf. form.] That property of certain substances of assuming a different form, the Bubstance remaining otherwise unchanged.

Allomorphite (al-15-mor'fit), n, A variety of baryta having the form and cleavage uf anhydrite.

AUotriophagy(al-lot'ri-of"a-gi), n. (Gr. allotrws, belonging to another, and phago, to eat] In med. a depraved appetite for some particular article of food or lor noxious or not eatable substances.

Allure lur'). u. [add] Same as Allurement. Longfellow. [Rare ]

Almightyship (al - mi' ti - ship), n. The state or quality of being almighty; omnipotence. Cowley.

Alnascharism (al-nasTter-izm), n. An action or conduct like that of Alnaschar, the hero of a well-known story in the Arabian Nights; any tiling done during a day-dream or reverie.

With maternal attiascharirm she had, in her reveries, thrown back her head with disdain, u she repulsed the family advances of some wealthy but low-born heiress. Afus Eagrmorth.

Already (alred'i), a. Existing now; being at the present time or for some time past; present.

Lord Hobart and Lord FitiwiUiam are both to b« earls to• morrow; the former, of Buckingham, the latter by his a/ready title. H. W'aJf+U,

Alternanthera (al -ter- nan' ther - a). n. A genus of plants belonging to Amaranthacec, so called from the stamens being alternately fertile and barren. They have opposite leaves, and small tribracteate flowers, arranged In heads. Several species are grown in gardens for the sake of their richly-coloured foliage.

Alternize (al-ter-niz'). v.t. To cause to follow alternately; to alternate. 'A t6te-atcte alternized with a trio by my son.' Miss Barney. [Rare]

Alt-horn (alt'horn). n. A musical instrument of the sax-horn family, often replacing the French horn in military bands.

Altify (al'ti-fi), v.t. To heighten; to exaggerate. [Rare. ]

Every county is Riven to magnify—not to say *lt>fy —their own things therein. fttiUr.

Amaze (a-maz'), v.t. To wonder; to be amazed.

Madam, amax* not; see his majesty

Return'd with glory from the Holy Land. Per If.

Ambitionist (am-bi'ahon-fst), n. An ambitious person; one devoted to st-If-aggrandixi ment. 'A selfish ambitionist and quack.' Carlyle.

Amen (a'men), v.t 1. To say amen to; to approve; to homologate. [Rare.]

Is there a bishop on the bench that not amm'J the humbug in his lawn sleeves, and called a btes&iag over the kneeling pair of perjurers! TA*c4*rajr.

% To end; to finish
This very evening have I ttmen'd the volume.


Am ce no mania (a-me/nd-ma"ni-a), n, (L. (i//(ti'*i-t(*. pleasant, and Gr. mania, madness.] A form of mania in which the hallucinations are of an agreeable nature.

AmphiblastiC(am-fl-blas'tik). a. Inphysiol a term spplied to the series of ova Intermediate between the holoblastic or mammalian ova, and the meroblastic, or ova of birds or reptiles.

Amphigoric (am-fl-gor'ik)>a. Of. relating to, or consisting of amphigory; absurd; nonsensical.

Amphigory (am'fl-gor-i), n. [Fr. arnpkigouri.] A meaningless rigmarole; nonsense verses or the like; a nonsensical parody.

Amrita (am're-ta^ n. [Skr. amritam, from a, priv., and mrt, to die; akin to L mors. death. See MORTAL] In Hindu myth, the ambrosia of the goils; the beverage of immortality, that resulted from the churning of the ocean by the gods and demona

Anachorism (a-nak'6 rizin), n. [Modelled on anachronism, from Gr. ana, here implying error or divergence, and chOra, a couxttiy.l Something not suited to or inconsistent with the country to which it is referred. J. It. Lowell

Analgesia (an-al-je'si-a), n. [Gr. an, priv , and algos, pain ] In pathol. absence cf pain whethtr in health or disease. Dunglison.

Anaphrodlsia (an-afro-dfz"f-aX n. [Gr. an, priv., and aphrodisios, venereal, fronMpArvdite, the Greek goddess of love.] The al»sence of venereal power or desire; impotence

Anapodelctlc(an-apo-dik' tik). a. [ priv.. and apodeiktikos, demonstrable.] Iucapable of being demonstrated.

AnaptOtlC (an-ap-t»>t'ik), a. [Gr. ana. back, and ptosis, inflection.} In philol appliett to languages which have a tendency to lose the use of inflections.

Anarchlze (an'ar-khO. v.t {Or. anarthia. lawlessness. ] To put into a state of anarchy or coufusion.

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Anchoritish (ang-ko-rit'ishV a. Of or pertaining to an anchorite, or his mode of life; anchoretic. 'Sixty years of religious reverie ;in I anchoritish self-denial.' l)e Quincey.

Aiiclioritizm (ang'ko-rit-izm), n. The state of being secluded from the world; the condition of an anchorite.

Anchorless (ang'ker-les). a. Being without an anchor; hence, drifting; unstable. 'My homeless, anchorless, unsupported mind.' Charlotte Bronte.

Ancoristt (ang'ko-rist), n. One withdrawn from the world; a hermit; an anchoret, or anchoress. 'A woman lately turned an ancorist.' Fuller.

Anecdotaiian (an'ek-do-ta"ri-an), n. One who deals in or retails anecdotes; an aneedotist. 'Our ordinary anecdotarians make use of libels.' Roger North.

Anetlc (a-net'ik),a. [Gr. anetikos, relaxing.] In med. relieving or assuaging pain; anodyne.

Angelhood (an'jel-hbd), n. The state or condition of an angel; the angelic nature or character. S. B. Browning.

Angelolatry (an-jel-ol'a-tri), n, [E. angel, and Gr. latreia, worship.] The worship of angels.

Angevin (an'je-vin), a. Of or pertaining to Anjou, a former province in the north-west of France.

Animate (an'i-iuat), v.i. To become enlivened or exhilarated; to rouse.

Mr. Arnott, animating at this speech, glided behind her chair. Miss Bttrney.

Anlsometric (a-ni'so-mefrik), a. [Gr. ani~ sos, unequal, and metron, a measure.] A term applied to crystals which are developed dissimilarly in the three axial directions.

Anisotrope, Anisotropic (an'i-so-trop, an'i-s6-trop'lk), a. Having different properties in different directions; not isotropic; eeolotropic.

Annominate (an-nom'in-at), v.t. To name; especially, to give a punning or alliterative name to. [Rare.] See Annominatjon.

How then shall these chapters be annominated J
Soul hey.

Anonyme (an'on-lm), n. [See Anonymous.]

An assumed or false name. Anserous (an'ser-us), a. [L. anser, a goose.]

Of or pertaining to a goose or geese; like a

goose; hence, foolish; silly; simple. Sydney

Smith. Antagonize (an-tag'5-nlz), v.t. To act in

opposition to; to counteract; to hinder.


The active principle of valerian root is . . . found to greatly deaden tne reflex excitability of the spinal cord, thus antagonising the operation of strychnine. Anur. Ency.

Ante-Choir (an'te-kwir), n. In arch, that part between the doors of the choir and the outer entrance of the screen, under the rood-loft, forming a sort of lobby or vestibule. Ency. Brit. Called also Fore-choir,

Antellos (an-te'li-os), n. [Gr. antelios, opposite the sun—anti, against, and helios, the sun.] The position of a heavenly body when opposite or over against the sun: used also adjectively.

Ante-nave (an'te-nav), n. In arch, same as Galilee (which see).

AnthellOS (an-the'li-os), 71. Same as Antelios.

Anthem (an'them), v.t. To celebrate or salute with an anthem or song. Keats.

AnthogTaphy(an-thog'ni-fl),n. [Gr. anthos, a flower, and graph/, description] That branch of botany which treats of flowers; a description of (lowers.

Anthold (an'thoid), a. [Gr. anthos, a flower, and eidos, form ) Having the form of a flower; resembling a flower.

Anthropocentric (an-thrd'pd-sen"trik), a. [Gr. anthrapos. a man, and kentron, a centre.] Appellative of or pertaining to any theory of the universe or solar system in which man is held to be the ultimate end. and in which he is assumed to be the chief or central part of creation.

Anthropogenic (an-thrd'po-je"nik), a. Of or pertaining to anthropogeny.

Anthropogeny (an-thro-poj'en-i), n. [Or. anUirupos, man,and gennao, to beget] The science of the origin and development of man.

Antlanarchic (an'ti-an-ar"kik), a. Opposed to anarchy or confusion. 'Your antianarchic Girondins* Carlyle.

Anticyclone (an'ti-si-klon). n. A meteorological phenomenon presenting some features opposite to those of a cyclone. It consists of a region of high barometric

pressure, the pressure being greatest in the centre, with light winds flowing outwards from the centre, and not inwards as in the cyclone, accompanied with great cold in winter and with great heat in summer. JSncu. Brit.

Antilogous (an-til'o-gus),a. In elect, applied to that pole of a crystal which is negative when being electrified by heat, and afterwards, when cooling, positive.

Anti-trade (an'ti-trad), n. A name given to any of the upper tropical winds which move northward or southward in the same manner as the trade-winds, which blow beneath them in the opposite direction. These great aerial currents descend to the surface, after they have passed the limits of the tradewinds and form the south-west, or westsouth-west winds of the north temperate, and the north-west, or west-north-west winds of the south temperate zones.

Antozone (ant'6-zon), n. A compound formerly supposed to be a modification of oxygen, and to exhibit qualities directly opposed to those of ozone, but now known to be the peroxide of hydrogen.

Anybody (en'ni-bo-di), n. 1. Any one person; as, anybody can do that.—2. A well-known person; apersonof importanceorcelebrity; as, is he anybody? [Colloq ]

Anyone (en'ni-wun), n. Any person; anybody.

Anyrate (en'ni-rat), n. Used only in the phrase at anyrate; that is, whatever considerations are to be taken account of; under any circumstances; whatever else; as, you at anyrate need not reproach me; he was going at anyrate.

Anywhen (en'ni-when), adv. At any time. 'Anywhere or anywhen.' De Quincey. [Rare.]

Apedom, Apehood (ip'dum, ap'hud). n.
The state of being an ape, or of being apish.
'This early condition of apedom.' Be

There's a dog-faced dwarf
That Rets to (rodship somehow, yet retains
His apehood. Brimming.

Aperitive (a-per'it-iv), n. An aperient. 'Gentle aperitives.' Richardson.

Aphanapterlx (af-an-ap'ter-iks), n. [Gr. aphanee, obscure, and pteryx, a wing] A genuB of large Ralline birds, incapable of flight, the remains of which are found in the post-tertiary deposits of Mauritius. They survived into the human period, and were exterminated at a comparatively late date.

Aphasia (a-fa'zi-a), n. [Gr. a, prlv., and phasis, speech.] In paihol. a symptom of certain morbid conditions of the nervous system, in which the patient loses the power of expressing ideas by means of words, or loses the appropriate use of words, the vocal organs the while remaining intact and the intelligence sound. There is sometimes on entire loss of words as connected with ideas, and sometimes only the loss of a few. In one form of the disease, called aphemia, the patient can think and write, but cannot speak; in another, called agraphia, lie can think and speak, but cannotexpress his ideas In writing. In a great majority of cases where post-mortem examinations have been made, morbid changes have been found in the left frontal convolution of the brain.

Aphaslc (a-fa'zik), a. Of or pertaining to aphasia

Apha sic (a-fa'zik), n. A person affected with aphasia.

Apheliotroplsm (af-e'li-ot"ro-pizm), n. [Gr. apo, away from, hHies, the sun, and trope", a turning.] In bot. a tendency to turn away from the sun or the light, asopposed to heliotropism (which see). Darrein.

Aphemia (a-fe'mi-a), n. [Gr, a, priv., and phimi, I speak. ] In pathol. a form of aphasia In which the patient can think and write, but cannot speak. See APHASIA.

Aphorisming (af-or-iz'ming), a. Much given to the use of aphorisms.

There is no art that hath been more cankered in her principles, more soiled and slabbered with afhorismiug pedantry, than the art of policy. Aliiton.

Aphrodlslan (af-ro-diz'i-an), a. [Gr. aphroaisios, pertaining to sexual pleasures, from Aphrodite, the goddess of love. ] Of. or pertaining to, or given up to unlawful Bexual pleasures.

They showed me the state nursery for the children of those afhrodisian dames, their favourites.

C. Reade.

Apncea (ap-ne'a), n. [Gr. a, priv., andpnoif, a breathing, from pneo, to breathe.] In med. absence of respiration; insensible respiration; asphyxia.

Apogeotropism (ap'o-ge-ot"r6-pizm),n. [Gr. apo, away from, a€, the earth, and trope, a turning] A tendency to turn or bend in opposition to gravity, or away from the centre of the earth, as opposed to Geotropism (which see). Darwin.

Apologetlct (a-pol'o-jet"ik), n. An apology. 'Full of deprecatories and apologetics.' Roger North.

Aposiopestlc (ap'o-si-6-pes"tik), a. Of or pertaining to an aposiopesis. 'That interjection of surprise . . . with the aposiopestic break after it, marked thus, Z ds,' Sterne.

Appeallngness (ap-pel'iug-nesV n. The quality of appealing or beseeching, as for mercy, aid, sympathy, or the like.

Ready sympathy . . . made him alive to a certain afpealingness in her behaviour towards him.

George Eliot.

Appellabllity (ap-pel'a-bil"i-ti). n. The state or quality of being appealable.

Appellable (ap-pel'a-bl), a. Capableof being appealed; appealable.

Appropinquity (ap-pro-pingTcwi-ti), n. The state of being near; nearness. Lamb.

Aproneer (a-prun-er'), n. One who wears an apron; a tradesman or shopman. 'Some surly aproneer.' Bp. Gauden.

Aptinus (ap-ti'nus), n. A genus of coleopterous insects belonging to the Carabidee. See Bombardier-beetle.

Aquamanlle (ak'wa-ma-nl"le), n. [From L. aqua, water, and inanare, to flow.] The basin in which, according to the ancient church ceremony, the priest washes his



hands in celebrating the mass. Also applied to vessels of the ewer kind formerly used in private houses, and frequently made into grotesque forms representing a real or fabulous animal or the like.

Arc, n. [add.]—Electric arc, in electric lighting, the light emitted by an electric current in crossing over the small interval of space between the carbon points. Called also Voltaic arc.

Archaist (ar-ka'ist), n. An antiquarian; an archaeologist. E. B. Browning.

Archbishopes8 (arch-bish'up-esX n. The wife of an archbishop. Miss Burney.

Architecture (ar'ki-tek-tur), v.t. To construct; to build.

This was arthitrctur d thus

By the great Oceanus. Keats.

Arcosolium (ar-ko-so'li-um), n. [L. L., from L. arcus, an arch, and solium, a sarcophagus, a throne.] A term applied to those receptacles for dead bodies of martyrs in the Catacombs which consist of a deep niche cut in the rocky wall, arched above, and under the arch a sarcophagus excavated in the solid rock. The Sat cover of the sarcophagus might be used as an altur; and such tombs were often richly ornamented.

Arctogeal (iirk-to-je'al), a. [Gr. arctos, the north, and gea, the earth] Of or pertaining to the colder parts of the northern hemisphere. 'The great arctogeal province." Huxley.

Arenated (ar'e-na-ted), a. [L. arena, sand.] Reduced or ground into sand.

Aretaics (ar-e-talks), n. [Gr. arete, virtue. ] In ethics, same as Aretology. Grate.

Arithmocracy (ar-ith-muk'ra-si), n. Rule or government by a majority.

A democracy of mere numbers is no democracy, but a mere brute arithmocracy. Kingsley.

Arithmocratic (a-rith'mo-krat'ik), a. Of or pertaining to an arithmocracy or rule of numbers.

American democracy, beinp merely aritkmocratie, provides no representation whatsoever fox the more educated and more experienced minority.


Armsweep (ilrm'swep). n. The length of reach or swing of an arm. Browning. [Poetical.]

Arreart (a'rer), v.t. To cause to rise; to raise up; to rear. 'A desperate presumption arreared.' Fuller.

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Arrear t (a'rer), n. The rear. "The arrear consisting of between three and four thousand foot.' Heylin.

Arrowlet (a'ro-let), n. A little arrow. Tennyson.

Arthrography (ar-throg'ra-fl), n. [Gr. arthron, a joint, and graphi, description.) In anat. a description of the Joints.

Arthurian (ar-thu'ri-an), a. Of or pertaining to King Arthur, or to the legends connected with him and his knights of the Hound Table.

Among the writers of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries the historical existence of Arthur was, with a few rare exceptions, denied, and the Arthurian legend regarded purely as an invention of the worthy chronicler, Geoffrey of Monmouth. Ency. Brit.

Artiad (ar'ti-ad). n. [Gr. artios, even.] In chem. a name given to an element of even equivalency, as a dyad, tetrad, Arc.: opposed to a periSBad, an element of uneven equivalency, such as a monad, triad, Ac

Ascham (as'kam), n. [After Roger Ascham, who in 1544 published Toxophilus, a celebrated treatise on archery.] In archery, a large case fitted up with the uecessutry drawersand compartments for the reception of the bow, arrows, string, and other necessary accoutrements.

Aseity (a-se'i-ti), n. [L. a, from, and se, one's self; lit. the Btate of being from or by one's self.) The state or condition of having an independent existence. 'The absolute beiug and aseity of God.' Prof. W. It. Smith.

By what mysterious light have you discovered that aseity is cntail'd on matter?

Gentleman Instructed. 1704.

Aslnlnlty (as-i-nin'i-ti), n. The quality of being asinine; obstinate stupidity.

Asiphonate (a-Bi'fon-at), a. Of or pertaining to the Asiphonata; not possessing a respiratory tube or siphon. H. A. Nicholson.

Askance (a-skans'), v.t. To turn aside, as the eyes; to make look with indifference.

O, how are they wrapp'd in with infamies
'I'll it from their own misdeeds askance their eyes.

Askingly (ask'ing-li), adv. In on entreating manner; with expression of request or desire.

How askipttrly its footsteps hither bend I

It seems to say, 'And have I found a friend?'


Asleep, o. or adv. [add.] 1 Having a peculiar, numb, or prickly feeling, as in the hands or feet.

His legge . . . was all aslcfe, and in a manner sterke stiff. VaUilt.

2. Stunned; senseless.

So saying, she . . . gave Susy such a douse on the side of the head as left her fast asleep for an hour

H. Brooke.

Smeared over; be

and upward.

Asmear (a-Bmer'), a. daubed.

I came into Smithfield, and the shameful place,

being all with filth, and fat, and Li I. and

foam, seemed to stick to me. Dickens.

Asquat (a-skwot). adv. In a squat or huddled up manner; coweringly. 'Sitting asquat between my mother and siBter.' Richardson.

Asseveratory (as-sev'er-a-to-ri), a. Of the nature of an asseveration; solemnly or positively affirming or averring.

After divers warm and asseveratory answers made by Mr. Atkins, the captain stopped short in his walk Roger North

Assibilation (a-slb'|-la"shon), n. The act of making sibilant; specifically, in phitol. the assimilation of a dental or guttural consonant with a following t-sound, as in the word nalianAn which in pronunciation the ti is assibilated.

Assyriologist (as-sir'i-ol"o-]ist), n. One skilled in or well acquainted with the antiquities, language, <fcc., of ancient Assyria.

Asterisk,n. [add.] Ill the Greek Ch. an appliance in the form of a star or cross, with the ends bent to serve as supports, placed during the liturgy over the paten so as to keep the cover of the latter from touching the sacred bread.

Astrakhan (as'tra-kan), n. A name given to sheep-skins with a curled woolly surface obtained from a variety of sheep found in Bokhara, Persia, and Syria; also, a rough fabric with a pile in imitation of this.

Astrogeny (as-troj'e-ni). n, [ Gr. astron, a star, and gennao, to produce.] The creation


Paten with Asterisk.

or evolution of the celestial bodies. H.

Spencer. Astrologuet (as'tro-log), n. An astrologer.

Tom D'Urfey. AstuciOUS(as-tu'iihus),a. Designing; subtle;


Louis. . . . like nil astuciont persons, was as desirous of looking into the hearts of others as of concealing his own. Sir If- Scott.

Astucity (as-tu'si-ti), n. The quality of being astute; astuteness. 'With astucity, with swiftness, with audacity.' Carlyle.

Asura (as'u-ra or a-su/ra), n. In Hind. myth, one of the demons born from the thigh of Brahma while the quality of darkness pervaded his body. Asura is a general name for all the giants and demons who composed the enemies of the gods and the inhabitants of P&tala; and a special designation for a class of these of the first order. Garrett.

Atherrnancy (a-ther'man-si), n. [Or. a, priv., and thermaino, I heat] The power or property of absorbing radiant heat: corresponding to ojxtcity in the case of light; as, the athermancy of oleflant gas and of other compound gases. Prof. Tyndatt.

Athrob (a-throb'J, a. or adv. Throbbing; in a throbbing or palpitating state or manner. E. B. Browning.

Attractlvlty (at-trak-tlv'i-ti), n. Attractive power or influence.

Attxlstt (a-trist').p.f. [Prefix at for ad, and L. tristis, sad.] To grieve; to sadden.

How then could I write when it was impossible but to attrist you! when 1 could speak of nothing but unparalleled horrors. H. Ifatfiote.

Aubade (o-bad), n. [Fr.] Open-air music performed at daybreak, generally at the door, or under the window, of the person whom it is intended to honour: distinguished from Serenade (which Bee). Longfellow.

Audient (a'di-ent).a. [L. audicn*, hearing. See Audience ] Playing the partof a hearer; listening. E B. Browning.

Audiometer (a-di-om'et-er), n. [L. audio, to hear, and Gr. metron, measure.] Au instrument, among the constituent parts of which are an induction-coil, a microphone key, and a telephone, devised to measure with precision the sense of hearing.

Audlometric (a'di-6-inet"rik), a. Of or pertaining to audiometry.

Audiometry (Vdi-om'et-ri), «■ The testing of the sense of hearing, especially by means of the audiometer.

Audiphone (a'di-fon), n. [L. audio, to hear, and Gr. pMntJ, a Bound.] An acoustic instrument by means of which deaf persons are enabled to hear, and even deaf-muteB can be taught to hear and to speak. The essential part of the instrument is a fanshaped plate of hardened caoutchouc which is very sensitive to the influence of sound waves. The sufferer from deafness holds the instrument in his hand and touches the top-edge against his upper teeth; and the soundB are collected and conveyed by the teeth to the auditory nerve without having to pass through the external ear.

Auricomous (a-rik'o-mus), a. [L aurum, gold, and coma, hair. ] 1. Having golden hair.—2. Applied to a preparation which gives a golden hue to the hair. Lord Lytton.

AurlflC (a-rif'ik), a. [ L. aurum, gold, and facio, to make.] Capable of transmuting substances into gold; gold-making. 'Some experiments made with an aurific powder.' Southey.

Ausonlan (a-so'ni-an), a. [L. Augonia. a poetical term for the whole Italian peninsula, from Ausotws, the name given to the primitive inhabitants of middle and lower Italy.] Of or pertaining to Italy or the Italians. Longfellow. [Poetical]

Autogony (a-tog'o-ni), n. [Or. autos, self, and gon?, generation, birth. ] The generation of simple organisms from an inorganic formative fluid. Rossiter.

Autokinetical (a'to-kI-net"i-kal), a. [Or. autos, self, and kineo, to move.] Self-moving. Dr. H. More.

Automatize (a-tom'a-tiz), v t. To make on automaton or self-acting machine of.

A god-created man. all but abnegating the character of man; forced to exist, automatised, mutnmywin ..-*'• Gentleman or Gigman. Carlyle.

Autonomist (a-ton'o-mist), n. One who advocates or favours the principle of autonomy.

Autorlal (a-to'ri-al), a. Of or pertaining to an author. 'Testing the autorial power.' Poe.

Autothelsm (a-to-the'izra), /u [add.] The worship of one's self; excessive self-esteem. nineteenth Century.

Autothelst (a-to-ths'ist). n. One given to autotheibm; one who makes a god of himself.

He begins to mistake more and more the voice of that very flesh of Ins, which he fancies he has coequered, for the voice of God, and to become wittiest, knowing it an autotheist. KtMtjsley

Auxtliar (ag zil'i-ar). n, An auxiliary. * My

auxiliary and allies.' Sir H. Taylor. AvenOUS (a-ve'nus),a. In ■'--■' wanting veins

or nerves, as the leaves of certain plants. Aviculture (a'vi-kul-tur). n. The breeding

and rearing of birds. Baird. Axeman (aks'man), n. One who wields an

axe; one who cuts down trees; a woodman.



Baccara, Baccarat (bak'ka-ra, balr/ka-raU n. (Kr., origin unknown.] A game of card* Introduced from France iuto England and America. It is played by any number of players or rather bettors, and a bauker The latter opens the play by dealing two cards to each bettor, and two to himself, and covering the stakes of each individual with an equal sum. The cards are then examined, and those belonging to the bettors which when added score nine points, or nearest that number, take their own stake and the banker's. Should he, however, be nearest the winning uumber of points, he takes all the stakes on the table; in any case he takes the stakes of the players who have not scored so near the winning points as himself. Various other numbers, as 19, 29, IS, Ac., give certain advantages in the game. Court cords count as teu points, the others according to the number of pips.

Bacdform (bak'si-form), a. [L. baeea^ a berry, and forma, form.] Shaped Like a berry.

Bachelorhood (bach'el-er-hud),n. The state of being a bachelor; bachelorship. * A long easy life of bachelorhood,' Thackeray.

Bacillus (ba-sil'lus), n. A species of rodlike, microscopic-organisms belonging to the genus Bacterium. Certain diseases are believed to be caused by these bodies being introduced into the system.

Back-scraper, Back-scratcher (bak'skrap-er, bak'skrach-er), n. Same as Scratchback, 2. 'A back-scratcher of which the hand was Ivory.' Southey.

Back-String (bak'string), n. A leadingstring by which a child is supported or guided from behind. "The back-string and the bib.' Cotpper.

Badminton, n. [add] A kind of claretcup or summer Iteveroge, so called from being invented at the lhike of Beaufort's seat of that name. 'Soothed or stimulated by fragrant cheroots or beakers of Badminton.' Disraeli.

Bag-fox (bagToks). n. A fox kept in confinement, and slipped from a bag. when no other victim of a hunt is to be had. Mist Ferrier.

Baking-powder (Mk'ing-pou-derX n- A powder used in baking bread chiefly as a substitute for yeast The common ingredients are powdered tartaric acid, bicarbonate of soda, and potato farina.

Balance-handled (bal'ans-han-dld). a. A term applied to table-knives which hare the weight of the handle so adjusted that when the knives are laid on the table the blades do not touch the table-cloth.

Balanlferous (bal-a-nifer-us), a. 1L balanus, Gr. balanos, an acorn, and /en>, to bear.] Bearing, yielding, or producing acorns.

Balanoid p^IVnoid). a. [Gr. balanas, an acorn, and eidos, resemblance. ] Haying the form or appearance of an acorn; relating or pertaining to the cirriped family Balanidar or acorn-shells.

Balanoid (bal'a-noid), n. A cirriped of the family Balanidse or acorn-shells

Baldicoot 0*al'di kot), n. 1. The conunon coot. Hence—2. Fig, a monk, on account »»f his sombre raiment and shaven crown. 'Princesses that . . . demean themselves to hob and nob with these black baldicoot*.' Kingsley.

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Baldrfb (bald'rib), n. 1. A piece cut from the side of a pig lower down than the sparerib, and consisting of a rib with flesh devoid of fat on it. 'Baldrib, griskin, chine, or chop." South. Hence—2 Fig. a lean, lanky person. T. Middleton. [Rare.l

Ballooning, [add] The operation of inflating shares or stock by publishing fictitious favourable reports or the like. [Stock exchange slang.]

Balneography (bal-ne-og'ra-fl). n. [ Latin balneum, a bath, and Gr. grapki, a description.] A description of baths. Dunglison.

Balneology (bal-ne-ol'o-ji), n. [L. balneum, a bath, and Or. logos, a discourse.] A treatise on li.itlis or bathing; the branch of knowledge relating to baths and bathing. Dunglison.

Balneotherapia, Balneotherapy (bal'ne6-ther-a-pi"a, bal'ne 6-tner"a-pi), n. [L. balneum, a bath, and Gr. therapeia, medical treatment] The treatment of disease by baths. Dunglison.

Banality (ba-nal'i-ti), n. [Fr. banalilf ] The state of being banal, trite, or stale; eommonplaceness; vulgarity or triviality iu expression.

Bandore (ban-dorO, «. A widow's veil for covering the head and face. Prior.

Banjore (ban'jdr), n. Same as Banjo. Mis* Edgeworth.

BanJdess (bangk'les), a. Without banks or limits. 'The Wauuihs.' Davie*.

Barbados-nut (bar-ba'ddz-nut), n. The physic-nut, a product of Curat*, purgans (Jatropha Curat*). See CURCAS.

Barbaresque (bar-bar-esk'), a. Characteristic of barbarians; barbarous. De Quiaaty. (Rare]

Baric (bartk), a. [Gr. bary*. heavy.] Pertaining or relating to weight, more especially the weight of the atmosphere as measured by the barometer.

Barken (bark'en), o. Consisting or made of bark. 'Barken knots.' Whittier. [Rare.]

Barnaby-bright (bar'na-bi-brit), n. The day of St. Barnabas the Apostle, the 11th of June, which in old style was the day of the summer solstice, or as put by the old rhyme: 'Barnaby-bright, the longest day and the shortest night.'

The steward . . . adjourned the court to Bmr> naby-bright that they might have day enough before them. Addison.

Barometry (ba-rom'et-ri), n. The art or operation of conducting barometrical measurements, experiments, observations, or the like.

A scrap of parchment hung by geometry,

(A great refinement in barometry).

Can, like the stars, foretell the weather. Swift.

Barrel-vault (bar'el-valt), n. The simplest form of vault, having a semicircular roof. See Vault

Barycentric (bar-i-sen'trik), a. [Or barys, heavy, and kentron, centre.] Of, pertaining, or relating to the centre of gravity. — Barycentric calculus, an application to geometry of the mechanical theory of the centre of gravity, executed in two distinct ways, according as metrical or descriptive geometrical properties are to be investigated.

Basaltold (ba-salt'oid), a. [Basalt, and Gr. etdos, resemblance.] Allied in appearance or nature to basalt; resembling basalt.

Base-burner (bas'bern-er), n. A base-burning surface or stove. See Base-bcrnikg.

Basihyal (ba-si-hi'al). a. In anat. relating to or connected with the body or basal portion of the hyoid bone.

Basioccipltal (ba'siok-sfp"i-taI),a. In anat. pertaining to or connected with the base of the occipital bone.

Baslpetal (ba-sip'e-talV a. [L. basis, a base, and peto, to seek.] Tending to the centre. Specifically, in bot. a term applied to a leaf in which the axis appears first, and on its aides the lobes and leaflets spring from above downwards, the base being developed after the tip.

Basisphenoid (ba-si-sfe'noid), a. In anat pertaining to or connected with the base or posterior portion of the sphenoid bone.

Basket-beagle (bas'ket-b€-gl). n. A beagle used in hunting a hare that was slipped from a basket to be coursed. 'Gray-headed sportsmen, who had sunk from fox-hounds to basket-beagles and coursing.' Sir W. Scott

Basket-hare (baslcet-har), n. A captive hare slipped from a basket to be coursed in the absence of other game.

Bastard-bar (bas'terd-bar), n. In her. same as Boston, 3.

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aa, Batement-lights.

dow of the Perpendicular style, abated, or only half the width of those below.

Batrachophidia (bafra-ko-fld"i-a), n. pi. [Gr. batradios, a frog, and ophis, a serpent] Same as Ophiomorpha.

Bay-ice (bals), n. Ice recently formed on the oceatl.

Bay-leaf (baleQ.u. The leaf of the sweet-bay or \&nTe\-tTee(Lauru*nobili*). Theseleaves are aromatic, are reputed stimulant and narcotic, and are used in medicine, cookery, and confectionery.

Bay-mahogany (ha/ma-hog-an-i), n. Same as Bay-tcood.

Bay-wood (ba'wud), n. That variety of mahogany exported from Honduras. It is softer and less finely marked than the variety known as Spanish mahogany, but is the largest and most abundant kind. See MaHogany.

Beading, n. [add.] A preparation added to weak spirituous liquors to cause them to carry a bead, and to hang in pearly drops about the Bides of the bottle or glass when poured out or shaken, it being a popular notion that spirit is strong in proportion as it Bhows such globules. A very small quantity of oil of vitriol or oil of almonda mixed with rectified spirit is often used for this purpose.

Beak-head (lulled), » An ornament resembling the head and beak of a bird, used


Beak-head Moulding, Ettou Church, Yorkshire.

as an enrichment of mouldings in Norman architecture.

Beamily (bem'i-li), ado. In a beamy or beaming manner; radiantly. 'A bright halo, shining beamily.' Keats.

BeaujOlaiS (bo-zho-la), n, A variety of light red Burgundy wine.

Beauty-sleep (bu'ti-slep), n. The sleep taken before midnight, and popularly regarded as the most refreshing portion of the night'B repose.

A medical man, who may be called up at any moment, must make sure of his beauty-sleep.

A ingsley.

Beblotch (be-btoch'). v.t. To cover with blots or blotches, as of ink. Sauthey,

Bebooted (be - bbt' ed), p. and a. An emphatic form of Booted. 'Couriers . . . hestrapped and bebooted.' Carlyle.

Becoronet (be-ko'ro-net), v.t. To adorn, as with a coronet; to coronet. Carlyle.

Becurse (be-kere'X v.t. To shower curses on. C. Reade.

Bediadem (be-di'a-dem), v.t. To crown or adorn with a diadem. Carlyle.

Bedizenment (be-diz'n-ment), n. The act of bedizening; the state of being bedizened; that which bedizens. 'The beaizenment of the great spirit's sanctuary with skulls.' Kingsley. 'Strong Dames of the Market . . . with oak-branches, tricolor bedizenment' Carlyle.

Bee-nettle (be'net-1). n. A species of hemp - nettle; Galeopsis versicolor. See Galeopsis.

Beet (bet), v. t. [See Bete. J To mend, as a fire, by adding fael; to bete; hence, to rouse; to encourage. [Old English and Scotch.]

It heats me, it beets me.

And sets me a' on flame. Burns.

Befetter (be-fet'er), v.t To confine with

fetters; hence, to deprive of freedom.

'Tongue - tied, befettered, heavy - laden

nations.' Carlyle. Befoul (be-foul'), v.t To dirty; to soil; to


Lawyers can live without befouling each other's names. Trollofe.

Befrill (be-fril'), v.t To furnish or deck with a frill or frills. 'The vicar's whitehaired mother, befrilled . . . with dainty cleanliness.' George Eliot.

Befrizz (be-friz'), v.t. To curl the hair of; to frizz. 'Befrizzed and bepowdered courtiers.' Contemp. Rev.

Befuddle (be-fud'l), v.t. To stupefy or muddle with liquor; to make stupidly drunk.

Begift (he-giff), v.t. To confer gifts on; to load with presents. Carlyle.

Begirdle (be-gerMl), v.t. To surround or encircle, as with a girdle.

Like a ring of iron they . . . begirdle her from shore to shore. Carlyle.

Beglare (be-RlarO, v.t. To glare at or on. [A humorous coinage.]

So that a bystander without beholding Mrs. Wilfer at all must have known at whom she was glaring by seeing her refracted from the countenance or the beglared one. DicJtens.

Begroan (be-gron'). v.t. To receive with groans; to assail with groans, as a mark of disapprobation.

Patriot Brissot. beshouted this day by the patriot galleries, shall find himself begroaned by them, on account of his limited patriotism. Carlyle.

Behave, v. [add.] This word, when used intransitively and reflexively. has sometimes, in colloquial language, a good sense, having the force of to behave well, to conduct one's self well, the modifying adverb being implied; as, the boy will get his holidays if he behaves; behave yourselves and you will be duly rewarded.

Behither t (be-hiTH'er), prep. On this side of. 'Two miles behither Clifden.' Evelyn.

Beige (bazh), n. [Fr. ] A light woollen fabric, made of wool of the natural colour, that is, neither dyed nor bleached.

Bejuco (ba-hb'kd). n. [American Spanish] A slender, reed-like, twining plant of Central America

The serpent-like bejnco winds his spiral fold on fold

Round the tall and stately ceiba Ull it withers in his

hold. IVhittier.

BelletristiC (bel-Iet-ris'tik), a. Pertaining or relating to belles-lettres.

Bell-punch (bel'punah), n. A small punch fitted to the jaws of a pincers-shaped instrument, combined with a little bell which sounds when the punch makes a perforation. Such punches are generally used to cancel tickets, as in tramway care, Ac, as a check on the conductors, the ringing of the bell indicating to the passenger that his ticket has been properly punched, and that the blank cut has passed into a receptacle in the instrument from which the blanks are taken and counted by an official of the company. Other forms of bell-punches are in use, as a combined tell-tale and bell, the ringing of which indicates to an official at some distance that the instrument has been duly pressed. See Tell-tale, 2 (/).

Bemeet (be-mef), v. t To meet.

Our very loving sister, well benut. Shat.

Bemitre (be-mi'ter), v.t To adorn with a mitre. Cartyle,

Bemouth (be-mouTHO, vt. To utter with an affected, big, swelling voice; to mouth. * In Miltonic blank bemouthed.' Southey.

Bemurmur(be-mer'mer), v. t 1. To murmur round. 4 Bemurrnured now by the hoareeflowing Danube.' Carlyle.—2. To greet with murmurs, as of discontent or the like.

So fare the eloquent of France, bemttrmurtd, beshouted. Carlyle.

Bemnzzle (be-muzl), v.t To put a muzzle on; to muzzle. Carlyle.

Bene (ben), n. [A. Sax. Wn, a prayer] A prayer; a request; an entreaty. Wordsworth. [Provincial English.)

Benjamin,", [add.] A kind of topcoat or overcoat worn by men.

Benthamism (ben'tham-izm), n. That doctrine of ethics or of social and political economy taught by Jeremy Bentham, the sum of which may be thus stated: — The greatest happiness of the greatest number is the end of all true moral action. Nature having placed mankind under the government of two sovereign masters. Pleasure and Pain, it is for them alone to point out

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