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gat, Dan. spy-gat, lit. spit-hole) confirm his derivation.] Xaut. a channel cut through the water-ways and sides of a ship at proper distances, and lined with lead, for carrying off the water from the deck.

Scupper-hole (skup'er-hol), n. A scupper. See Scupper.

Scupper-hose(skup'er-hd*:), n. A leathern pipe attached to the mouth of the scuppers of the lower deck of a ship to prevent the water from entering.

Scupper-nail (skup'er-nal), n. A nail with a very broad head for covering a large surface of tin- scupper-hose.

Scuppernong (skup'er-nong), n. The American name for a species of grape, supposed to be a variety of Vitis vulpina, cultivated and found wild in the Southern States. It is said to have come from Greece.

Scupper-plug (skup'er-plug), n, A plug to stop a scupper.

Scur (sker), v.i. To move hastily; to scour.
[Obsolete or provincial.]

The light shadow*
That in a thought scur o'er the fields of corn.

Beau. &■ Ft. Scurf (skerf),n [O.E. alsoscorf, scrof, A.Sax. scurf, Icel. skurfur (pi), Dan. skurv, Sw. ukorf, G. schorf, scurf.] 1. A material composed of minute portions of the dry external scales of the cuticle. These are, in moderate quantity, continually separated by the friction to which the surface of the body is subject, and are in due proportion replaced by others deposited on the inner surface of the cuticle. Small exfoliations of the cuticle, or scales like bran, occur naturally on the scalp, and take place after some eruptions on the skin, a new cuticle being formed underneath during the exfoliation. When scurf separates from the skin or scalp in unuatural quantities, it constitutes the disease called pityriasis, which, when it affects children, is known by the name of dandruff.

Her crafty head
Was overgrown with scurf &ad filthy scald.

Spenser.

2. The soil or foul remains of anything adherent [Rare.]

The scurf is worn away of each committed crime.
Dryden.

3. Anything adhering to the surface.

There stood a hill whose grisly top

Shone with a glossy scurf. Milton.

4. In hot the Ioobc scaly matter that is found on Borne leaves, Ac.

Scurff (skerf), n. Another name for the hull-trout.

ScurflneBS(skerf'i-nes),n. The state of being scurfy. Skelton.

Scurfy* (Bkerf'i), a. 1. Having scurf; covered with scurf.—2. Resembling scurf.

Scurrer (sker/er), n. One who scurs or moves hastily. Berners. [Obsolete or provincial.]

Scurzlle (skurYil), a. [L. scurriiis, from scurra, a buffoon, a jester.] Such as befits a buffoon or vulgar jester; low; mean; grossly opprobrious in language; lewdly jocose; scurrilous; as, scurrile scoffing; scurrile taunts.

A scurrile or obscene jest will better advance you at the court of Charles than your father's ancient name. Sir lr'. Scott.

8currtlity(skur-ril'l-ti). n. [Fr. scurrMtt, L. sctirrUitas. See SCURRILE] 1. The quality of being scurrilous; low, vile, or obscene jocularity. 'Please you to abrogate scurrility.' Shak. 2. That which is scurrilous; such low, vulgar, indecent or abusive language as is used by mean fellows, buffoons, jesters, and the like; grossness of abuse or invective; obscene Jests, etc.

We must acknowledge, and we ought to lament, that our puhlic papers nave abounded in scurrility. Botingbrolte.

Scurrilous (skur'ril-us), a. 1. Using the low and indecent language of the meaner sort of people, or such as only the license of buffoons can warrant; as, a scurrilous fellow. 'A scurrilous fool.' Fuller.— 2. Containing low indecency or abuse; mean; foul; vile; obscenely jocular; as, scurrilous language.

He is ever merry, but still modest; not dissolved into undecent laughter, or tickled with wit scumt. ous or injurious. Hafitngtou.

3. Opprobrious; abusive; offensive; infamous.

How often Is a person, whose intentions are to do good by the works he publishes, treated ma* scurrilous a manner as if he were an enemy to mankind. Addison,

Scurrtlously (sknr'ril-us-li), adv. In a scur

rilous manner; with gross abuse; with low indecent language.

It is barbarous incivility scurrilously to sport with what others count religion. Tuletson.

Scurrtlousness (skur'ril-ns-nes), n. The quality of being scurrilous; indecency of language; baseness of manners; scurrility.

Scurry(skur'rh.r.t. [Comp.scur, skir, scour.) To move rapidly; to hasten away or along; to hurry.

He commanded the horsemen of the Numidians to scurry to the trenches. North.

8curry (skur'ri), n. Hurry; haste; impetuosity.

ScuTVily (skerVi-li), adv. In a scurvy manner; basely; meanly; with coarse and vulgar incivility.

The clergy were never more learned, or so scurvily treated. Swift.

Scurviness (sker'vi-nes), n. The state of being scurvy; meanness; vileness.

Scurvy(sker'vi),n, [From i«ur/( which see).] A disease essentially consisting in a depraved condition of the blood, which chiefly affects sailors and such as are deprived for a considerable time of fresh provisions and a due quantity of vegetable food. 11 is characterized by livid Bpots of various Bizes, Bometimes minute and sometimes large, paleness, languor, lassitude, and depression of spirits, general exhaustion, pains in the limbs, occasionally with fetid breath, spungy and bleeding gums, and bleeding from almost all the mucous membranes. It is much more prevalent in cold climates than in wann. Fresh vegetables, farinaceous substances, and brisk fermented liquors, good air, attention to cleanliness, and due exercise, are among the principal remedies; but the most useful article, both as a preventative and as a curative agent, is lime or lemon Juice.

Scurvy (sker'vi), a. 1. Scurfy; covered or affected by scurf or scabs; scabby; diseased with scurvy. 'Scurvy or scabbed.' Lev. xxl 20.—2. Vile; mean; low; vulgar; worthless; contemptible; as, a scurvy fellow. 'A very scurvy tune to Bing at a man's funeral.* ShaJc. 'That scurry custom of taking tobacco.' Swift.—3. Offensive; mischievous; malicious; as, a scurvy trick.

Nay. but he prated
And spoke such scurvy and provoking terms
Against your honour. Shah.

Scurvy-gTass (sker'vi-gras), n. [A corruption of scurvy-cress, so named because used as a cure for scurvy. ] The common name of Beveral British species of plants of the genus Cochlearia, nat. order Crucifene. They are herbaceous plants, having alternate leaves, the flowers disposed in terminal racemeB, and usually white. The common scurvygrass (C. officinalis) grows abundantly on the sea coast, and along rivers near the sea. The leaves have an acrid and slightly bitter taste; they are eaten as a salad, and are antiscorbutic and stimulating to the digestive organs.

Some sci4t vy-grass do bring, That inwardly applied's a wondrous sovereign thing. Drayton.

'Scuse (skus), ft Excuse. Shak.

Scut (skut), u. [Icel. skotl, a fox's tail; comp. L. cauda, w. cict, a tail; W. cicta, short] A short tail, such as that of a hare or deer.

How the Indian hare came to have a lone tail, whereas that part in others attains no higher than a scut. Sir T. Browne.

Scutage (sku'taj), n. [L.L. scutagium, from L- scutum, a shield.] In feudal law, same as Excuage.

No aid or scutage should be assessed but by consent of the great council. Hallam.

Scutate (sku'tat), a. [L. sctitatus, from scutum, a shield.] 1. In hot. formed like an ancient round buckler; as, a scutate leaf — 2. In tool, applied to a surface protected by large scales.

Scutch (skuch). v.t. [Perhaps same as scotch, to cut, to strike; comp. also Fr. escosse, a busk, as of a bean or pea; cscosser to remove the husk from. ] 1. To beat; to drub. [Old Knglish and Scotch. \— 2.To dress by beating; specifically ,(a) in flax manuf. to beat off and separate, as the woody parts of the stalks of flax; to swingle. (b) In cotton manuf. to separate, as the individual fibres after they have been loosened and cleansed. (c=)In silk manuf. to disentangle, straighten, and cut Into lengths, as floss and refuse silk.— Scutching machine, a machine for roughdressing fibre, as flax, cotton, or silk.

Scutch (skuch), n. Same as Scutciier, 2.

Scutcheon (skuch'on), n. [A contr of escutcheon (which see).] 1. A shield for armorial bearings; an emblazoned shield; an escutcheon.

A shielded scutcheon blushed with blood of kings and queens. A'eaU.

They tore down the scutcheons bearing the arms of the family of Caraftt. Prescott.

2. In anc. arch, the shield or plate on a door, from the centre of which hung the door handle.—3. The ornamental cover or frame to a key-hole.— A. A name-plate, aa on a coffin, pocket-knife, or other object.

Scutcher (skuch'er),u. 1. One who scutches. 2. An implement or machine for scutching fibre. See SCUTCH, v.L

Scute (skut), n. [L scutum, a buckler.] l.t A small shield. Gascoigne.—2. A scale, as of a reptile. See Scutum.—3. An ancient French gold coin of the value of 3*. 4d sterling.

Scutel (sku'tel), n. Same as Scutellum,

Scutella (sku-ttl'la), «. pi. Scutellse (skfitel'le). [L., a salver, dim. of scutra, a tray.] One of the horny plates with which the feet of birds are generally more or less covered, especially in front.

Scutellaria (BkutcMa'ri-a>, n. [L scutella, a salver, in allusion to the form of the calyx. ] A genus of herbaceous annuals or perennials, natives of many different

?arts of the world, nat. order Labia tre. hey are erect or decumbent, with often toothed, sometimes pinnatifld leaves, and whorled or spiked blue, violet, scarlet, or yellow flowers. There are two British species, S. galericulata and S. minor, known by the common name of skull-cap. They grow on the banks of rivers and lakes, and in watery places.

Scutellate, Scutellated (sku'tel-lat, sku'tel-lat-ed), a. [See Scutella.] Formed like a plate or platter; divided into small plate-like surfaces; as, the scutellated bone of a sturgeon. Woodward. Scutellidse (sku-tel'i-de), n. pi. [L. scutella, a saucer, and Gr. eidos, resemblance.] A family of radiated animals, belonging to the class Echinodermata and order Kchinida?, having a shell of a circular or elliptic form, frequently very depressed. The ambulacra are so arranged as to bear some resemblance to the petals of a flower. There are many genera and species, both recent and fossil; these forms being popularly named 'cakeurchins.'

Scutelliform (sku-teni-form), a. [L. *etitelld, a saucer, and forma, shape.] Scutellate. In hot. the same as patelliform, but oval instead of round, as the embryo of grasses,

Scutellum (Rku-tel'um), n. pi. Scutella (sku-tel'a). [L., dim. of scutum, a shield.] 1. In bot. a term used to denote the small cotyledon on the outside of the embryo of wheat, inserted a little lower down than the other more perfect cotyledon, which is pressed close to the albumen.—2. A term applied to the little coloured cup or disc found in the substance of lichens, containing the tubes filled with sporulea, as in the annexed figure of Lecanora tartarca. —3. In entom. a part of the thorax, sometimes invisible, sometimes, as In some Hemiptera, large, and covering the elytra and abdomen.

Scutibranchian, Scutibranchiate (skuti-brang'ki-au, sku-ti-brang'ki-at), n. A member of the order Scutibranchiata. Scutlbranchlata (sku'ti-brang-ki-a"ta), n. pi. [L scutum, a shield, and bronchia, gills. ] The name given to an order of hermaphro

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Scutella in Cudbear {Lecanora tartarea).

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SCUTIFEROUS

SEA

having the gills protected by a shield-like

shell Scutiferous (aku-tifex-us), a. [L. scutum,

a shield, and ferv, to bear.] Carrying a

shield or buckler. Seutiform (sku'ti-form), a. [L. scutum, a

buckler, and farina, form.] Having the

form of a buckler or shield. Scatter («kut'er),P-i. [From or allied to scud;

comp scuttle, to run. ] To run or scuttle

•way with short quick steps; to scurry.

1 Saw tittle Miss Hughes tattterittg across the field. Mrs. H. Wood.

Scuttle (alcutl). n. [A Sax scutel, scuttel. a dish, a scuttle; I eel scutiil; from L. scuff Un, dim. of scut in, a dish or platter.] 1. A broad shallow basket: so called from its resemblance to a dish.

The earth and stones they are fain to carry from under their feet in scuttles and baskets. Haiciutfi.

2. A wide-mouthed metal pan or pail for holding coal*.

Scuttle (skull), n. [Probably for shuttle, a dim. from the verb to shut. Comp. also O.Kr. estoutiUe, Mod.Fr. icoutille, Sp. esco* tilla. a hatchway; origin doubtful] 1. A square hole in the wall or roof of a house, with a lid; also, the lid that covers such an opening. — 2..Vo«( a small hatchway or opening iu the deck, with a lid for covering it; also, a like hole in the side of a ship, or through the coverings of her hatchways. Ac — Air-scuttles, ports in a ship for the admission of air.

Scuttle (skutl), v.t. [From the noun.] A'auf. to cut holes through the bottom or sides of a ship, for any purpose; to sink by making holes through the bottom; as, to scuttle a ship.

He was the mildest manner d man
That ever t<uttiext ship or cut a throat. Byron.

Scuttle (skutlX Ti pret & pp. scuttled; ppr. scuttling. [A form of scuddlc, a freq. of*rurf.] To run with affected precipitation; to hurry; to scuddle. 'The old fellow scuttled out of the room.' ArtnUhnot.

Scuttle <skut1>, n [See the verb] A quick pare; a short run. Spectator.

Scuttle - butt, Scuttle-cask (skutfl-but, tkut'l-kask), n. A butt or cask with a hole, covered by a lid, in its aide or top. for holding the fresh water for daily use in a ship or other vessel.

Scuttled-butt (skufld-but). n. Same as Scuttlebutt.

Scuttle-fish (skut'1-flsh), n. The cuttlefish.

Scutum (sku'tum), n. [L.] 1. The shield of the heavy-aTned Roman legionaries. It was generally oval or of a semi-cylindrical

[graphic]

Various forms of the Roman Scutum.

shape, made of wood or wicker-work,covered with leather, and defended with plates of iron.—S. In anat. the patella or knee-pan, from fU shape— 3 In zool. (a) the second section of the upper surface of the segment of an insect. (M Any shield-like plate, especially such as is developed in the integument of many reptiles.—4. t In old law, a pent-house or awning.

ftcytMLla, (sib'a-la), n, pi. [Or sin/baton, cmn^ ] In pathol. small indurated balls or fragments into which the fieces become converted when too long retained in the colon.

Sere (si), n. The curve cut in a body piece of a garment before the sleeve Is sewed in, to suit the contour of the arm.

Scylet <«1), r.t [A Sax. *cytanrtn separate, to withdraw.] To conceal; to veil Chau

Scyllsea (sil-le'a), n. A genus of nudibranchiate gasteropoda. The common species (S. pelagica) Is found on the Fucus natans, or gulf-weed, wherever this appears.

Scyllarlaa (sil-la'ri-an), »i. One of the family ScyUaridee.

ScyllaridflB (sil-Ia'ri-de), n. pi [See below.] A family of long-tailed decapodous crabs, characterized by the wide, flat carapace, the large and leaf-like outer antenna;, and the partly flexible tail-fan, by which they drive themselves through the water. They live in moderately shallow water, where the bed of the sea is soft and muddy. Here they burrow rather deeply, and only issue from their retreat for the purpose of seeking food.

Scyllanifl (sil-la'rus). n. [Or. skyllaros, a kind of crab.] A genus of long-tailed tenfooted crustaceans, family Scyllarida?, of which there are several species, some of which are eatable, and in Japan are considered as delicacies.

Scylliidsa (sl-li'i-de), n. pi. [Gr. skylion, a kind of shark.] The dog-fishes, a family of small-sized, but very abundant sharks, three species of which occur off our own coasts. They have a pair of Bpiracles, two dorsal fins placed above the ventrals. which latter are abdominal in position, and an anal fln; their branchial apertures, which are small, are situated above the base of the pectoral fln. They are oviparous, depositing their eggs fecundated in curious oblong horny cases, provided with filamentary appendages. These cases are frequently cast upon the beach, and are known as mermaul'spurses or sea-purses. See Doo-fish.

Scymetar, Scymitar (sim'i-ter), n. A short sword with a convex blade. See ScimiTar.

Scymnidae (sim'ni-de), n. pi. [Or. skymnos, a lion's whelp.] A family of sharks, destitute of an anal fln, but possessing two dorsals, neither of which is furnished with spines. The lobes of the caudal fln are nearly equal, and the head is furnished with a pair of small spiracles. The Greenland shark is the best known species.

Scyphlform (skifiform), a. [Gr. skyphos, a cup. and E.form.] Goblet-shaped, as the fructification of some of the lichens.

ScyphulUB (sif'u-lus), n. [Dim. of scyphus] In oot. the cup-like appendage from which the seta of Hepaticre arises.

Scyphus (ski'fus), n. [Gr. skyphos, a cup or goblet] 1. A kind of large drinking-cnp anciently used by the lower orders among the Greeks and Etrurians. Fairholt.—% In hot. the coronet or cup of such plants ns narcissus; also, in lichens, a cup-like dilatation of the podetium or stalk-like elongation of the thallus, bearing shields upon its margin.

Scytale (si'ta-le), n. [L. and Gr.] A genus of very poisonous snakes. The species are stout, cylindrical, and rather long. The back and tail possess keeled scales. The poison-fangs resemble those of the rattlesnake. One species, S.pyramidum, is very plentiful near Cairo and in the neighbourhood of the pyramidsScythe (siTU), n. [Better written sithe; A. Sax. stthe for siijthc, Icel. sigth; from root of sickle.] 1. An instrument used in mowing or reaping, consisting of a long curving blade with a sharp edge, made fast at a proper angle to a handle, which Es bent into a convenient form for swinging the blade to advantage Most scythes have two projecting handles fixed to the principal handle, by which they are held. The real line of the handle is that which passes through both the hands, and ends at the head of the blade. This may be a straight line or a crooked one, generally the latter, and by moving these handles up or down the main handle, each mower can place them so as best suits the natural size and position of his body. For laying cut corn evenly, a cradle, as it is called, may be used. The cradle is a species of comb, with three or four long teeth parallel to the back of the blade, and fixed in the handle. Fig. 2 Bhows a species of scythe which has been called the cradle-scythe, as it is regularly used with the cradle for reaping in some localities. It has a short branching handle somewhat in the shape of the letter Y, having two small handles fixed at the extremities of the two branches at right angles to the plane in which they lie. The liainault scythe Is a scythe used with only one hand, and fs employed when the corn is much laid and entangled. The person has a hook

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i. Common Scythe, s. Cradle Scythe.

curved sharp blade anciently attached to the wheels of war chariots.

Scythe (siTH), v.t. pret & pp. scythed; ppr. scyUUng. 1. To mow; to cut with a scythe, or as with a scythe. 'Time has not scythed all that youth begun.' Shak.~2. To arm or furnish with a scythe or scythes. 'Chariots, scythed, on thundering axles rolled.' Glocer.

Scythera.au (aiTH'man), n. One who uses a scythe; a mower. 'The stooping scythe man.' Marston.

Scythe-stone (slTH'ston), n. A whetstone for sharpening scythes.

Scythlan(sith'i-an)Ia. TertainingtoRcythia; a name given in ancient times to a vast, indefinite, and almost unknown territory north and east of the Black Sea, the Caspian, and the Sea of Aral

Scythian (sith'i-an), n. A native or inhabitant of Scythia. 'The barbarous Scythian.' Stuzk.

Scytnrops (sith'rops), n. [Gr. skythros. angry, and 6ps, aspect] The channel-bill, a genus of birds belonging to the cuckoo family. Only one species is known, the 5. Sovm Hollandios, a very handsome and elegantly coloured bird inhabiting part of Australia and some of the Eastern Islands, about the size of the common crow. It has a large and curiously formed beak, which gives it so singular an aspect, that on a nasty glance it might almost be taken for a toucan or hornbill.

Scytodepslc (sit-6-dep'sik), a. [Gr. skytos, a hide, and depsed, to tan.] Pertaining to the business of a tamier. [Rare.]—Scytodepsic principle, tmxnui.—Scytodcpstc acid, gallic acid.

Sdayn, t Sdeignt (adau), n. and v. t. Disdain. Spenser.

'Sdeath (sdeth), inter). [Corrupted from God's death.] An exclamation generally expressive of impatience. ''Sdeath 111 print it.' Pope.

Sde.ith!
The rabble should have first nnroofd the city.
SMak.

Sdeinfult (sdan'ful), a. Disdainful
Sea (se), n. [A. Sax. so*, D. see, zee, O.Fris.
se, Dan. so, Icel. Soft, sjdr, sjdr ir being
merely the nom. sign), G. see, Goth, saivs,
sea; same root asGr. huei (torsuci), it rains;
Skr. sava, water. Grimm thinks sea ami
send are both from a root signifying restless
billowy movement. See SOUL.] 1. The
general name for the continuous mass of
salt water which covers the greater part
of the earth's surface; the ocean. (See
Ocean.) The term is also applied in a
more limited though indefinite sense to an
offshoot of the main sea or ocean which,
from its position or configuration, is con-
sidered deserving of a special name, as the
Mediterranean Sea, the Black Sea, the Bal-
tic Sea, &c. Inland lakes, in some cases,
are also called seas, as the Caspian and
Aral Seas, the Sea of Galilee. 2. A wave;
a billow; a surge; as, the vessel shipped a
sea.

The broad seas swell'd to meet the keel
And swept behind. Tennyson.

8. The swell of the ocean in a tempest, or the direction of the waves; as, we head the sca.—\. Any large quantity; on oceon; a flood; as, a sea of difficulties. 'That sea of blood.' Eikon Basilikf. 'Deep-drenched in a sea of care.' Shak.—b. A large basin, cistern, or laver which Solomon made in the temple,

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Bo large as to contain more than six thousand gallons. This Whs called the Brazen Sea. and used to hold water for the priests to wash themselves. 2 Chr. iv. 2, — At sea, (a) on the open sea; out of sight of land. 'When two vessels speak at sea.' Dana, (b) In a vague uncertain condition; wide of the mark; quite wrong; as, you are altogether at sea in your guesses. —A t full sea, at high water; hence, at the height 'God's mercy was at full sea.' Jer. Taylor.—Beyond the sea, or seas, out of the realm or country — Cross sea, chopping sea, waves moving In different directions. —The four seas, the seas bounding Britain, on the north, south, east, and west 'Within the four seas, and at the distance of less than five hundred miles from London' Macatday. 'A figure matchless between the four seas.' Lawrence.—To go to sea, to follow the sea, to follow the occupation of a sailor. —Half seas over, half drunk. 'Our friend the alderman was half seas over.' Spectator. [Colloq.] — Heavy sea, a sea in which the waves run high —The high seas, or main sea, the open ocean; as, a piracy on the high seas.—A long sea, a sea having a uniform and steady motion of long and extensive waves. — Molten sea, in Scrip, the name given to the great brazen laverof the Mosaic ritual. 1 Ki. vii. 23-20. On the sea, by the margin of the sea, on the seacoast 'Aclear-wall'd city on the sea.' Tennyson.—Short sea, a sea in which the waves are irregular, broken, and interrupted, so as frequently to break over a vessel's bow, side, or quarter. —[Sea is much used in composition, many of the compounds being selfexplanatory. A number of others are given below.}

Sea-acorn (se'a-korn). n. A name sometimes given to the Balani, small crustaceans possessing triangular shells, and which encrust rocks, from their fancied resemblance to the oak-acorn.

Sea-adder (se"ad-er), n. The Gasterosteus spinachia, or fifteen-spined stickleback, a species of acanthopterygious fish found in the British seas.

Sea-anemone (se'a-nem-o-ne), n. The popular uame given to the actinias, a ccelenterate genus (class Actinozoa) of animals. They are distinguished by the cylindrical form of the body, which is soft fleshy, and capable of dilatation and contraction. The same aperture serves for mouth and vent, and is furnished with numerous teutacula, by means of which the animal seizes and secures its food. These tentacula, when expanded, give the animals somewhat the appearance of flowers. They may be very numerous, in some cases exceeding 200 in number, and are as a rule capable of being retracted within the body when the animal is irritated. When fully expanded the appearance of the sea-anemones in all their varieties of colour is exceedingly beautiful. But upon the slightest touch the tentacles can be quickly retracted within the mouthaperture, and the animal becomes a mere mass of jelly-like matter Sea-ape (se'ap), n. 1 The name given by some to the sea-otter, from its gambols.— 2. The sea-fox or fox-shark. Sea - bank (selmngk), n. 1. The sea-shore. 'The wild sea-ba)dcs.' Shak,—2. A bank or mole to defend against the sea. Sea-bar (se'bar), n. The sea-swallow. Sea-barrow (se'bar-6), n, The egg-case of the skate or thornback. Called also Seapincushion.

Sea-basket (se'bas-ket),n See Basket-fish.

Sea-bass, Sea-basse (»e'bas). n. See Bass.

Sea-bear (se'bar), n. l. The white or Polar

bear (Ursus or Thalarctos maritimus).— 2. A

species of seal (A rctocephalus ursinus)found

in great numbers about Komtchatka and

theKurileIslands. Havinglargerandbetter

developed limbs than the generality of seals,

it can stand and walk better than the other

members of the family. The f uris extremely

soft and warm, and of high value.

Sea-beard (s6'berd), ». A marine plant.

Conferva rupestris.

Sea-beast (se'best), n. A beast of the sea.

'That sea-beast Leviathan.' Milton. Sea-beat, Sea-beaten (8et>et, se'bet-n), a. Beaten by the sea; lashed by the waveB. 'Along the sea-beat shore.' Pope. Sea-beet (seTiet), n. See Beta. Sea-belt (se'belt), n. A plant, the sweet fucus (Laminaria saccharina), which growB upon stones and rocks by the sea-shore, the fronds of which resemble a belt or girdle.

Sea-bent (Be'bent), ». See Ammophila.

Sea-bird (se"l>erd), n. A general name for sea-fowl or birds that frequent the sea.

Sea-biscuit (se'bis-ket). n. Ship-biscuit.

Sea-blubber (seldub-er), n, A name sometimes given to the medusa or jelly-fish.

Sea-board (se'bord), n. [Sea and board, Ft. bord, side. ] The sea-shore; the coastline; the sea-coast; the country bordering on the sea.

Sea-board (se'bord),a. Bordering on the sea.

Sea-boat (BeTiot), n. A vessel considered as regards her capacity of withstanding a storm or the force of the sea.

Sea-bord (se'bord), n, and a. Same as Seaboard. Spenser.

Sea-bordering (se'-bor-der-ing), a. Bordering or lying on the sea. Drayton.

Sea-born (se'boru), a. l. Born of the sea; produced by the sea. 'Neptune and his seaborn niece.' Waller.—2. Born at sea.

Sea-borne (se'born), a. Wafted or borne upon the sea. 'Sea-borne coal.' Mayhew.

Sea-bound (se'bound). a. Bounded by the sea.

Sea-boy (se'boi), n. A boy employed on board ship. 'The wet sea-boy.' Shak.

Sea-breach (se'brech), n. Irruption of the sea by breaking the banks. SirB. L'Estrangc.

Sea-bread (se'bred), n. Same as Hard-tack.

Sea-bream (se'brem), rv See Bream.

Sea-breeze (se'brez), n. See Breeze.

Sea-brief (se'bref), n. Same as Sea-letter.

Sea-buckthorn (se'buk-thornX n. A plant of the genus Hippophae, the II. rhamnoides. Called also Sallow-thorn. See Hippophak.

Sea-bugloss (se'bu-glos), n. A plant of the genus Lithospermum, the L maritimunk Called also Sea-gromwell.

Sea-built (se'bilt), a. 1. Built for the sea.

The sta-btult forts (ships) in dreadful order move. Drydtn.

2. Built on the sea. Sea-cabbage, Sea-kale (seTcab-baj, se'kal),

n. A plant of the genus Crambe, the C.

inaritima. See Cramue. Sea-calf (se'kof), n. The common seal, a

species of Phoca, the P. vitulina of Linnaeus

and the Calocephatus vitulinus of Cuvier. The sea-calf or seal is so called from the noise he

makes like a calf. A\ 6>nv.

Sea-cap (seTcap), n. A cap made to be worn

at sea. Shak. Sea-captain (seTtap-tan or se'kap-tin), n.

The commander of a ship or other sea-going

vessel, as distinguished from a captain in the

army. Sea-card (seTiard), n. The mariner's card or

compass. Sea-carp (se'karp), n. A spotted fish living

among rocks and Btones. Sea-cat (se'kat), a. See Wolf-eish. Sea-catgut (selcat-gut), n. The name given

in Orkney to a common sea-weed, Chorda Jilum; sea-lace (which see). Sea-change (se'chauj), n, A change wrought

by the sea.

Nothing of him that doth fade

But doth suffer a sea-ckattge

Into something rich and strange. Shak

Sea-Chart (se'ehart), n. Same as Chart, 2.

Sea-COal (se'kol), n. Coal brought by sea, a name formerly used for mineral coal in distinction from charcoal: used adjectively in extract.

Well have a posset for't soon at night, in faith.
At the latter end of a sea-coal fire. Shak.

Sea-coast (seTiOst), n. The land immediately adjacent to the sea; the coast. 'Thesouthem sea-coast.' Bryant

Sea-COb (sclcob), n. A sea-gull.

Sea-cock (se'kok). ». 1. A name given to two fishes, Trigla cuculus and T. hirax. much sought after by Russian epicures, and owing to their scarcity fetching a high price.—2. A sea-rover or viking. Kingsley.

Sea-colewort (se'kol-wert), n. Sea-kale (which Bee).

Sea-compass(se'kum-pas), n. The mariner's compass.

Sea-cow (seTcou), n. A name given to the dugoug or halicore, and also to the manatee. (See Manatee, Duoono.) The name is also given to the walrus or Bea-horse (Trichechu* rosmarus).

Sea-crab (seTcrnb), n. A name applied by Goldsmith to the strictly maritime Crustacea, auch as the Cancer pagurus and the species of Portunida\ ttc.

Sea-Craft (se'kraft), n. In ship-building, the uppermost stroke of ceiling, which is thicker than the rest of the ceiling, and Is considered the principal binding stroke. Called otherwise Clamp.

Sea-crawfish (*e'kra-flsh), n. A crustacean of the genus Palinurus, remarkable for the hardness of its crust. The common seacrawfish or spiny lobster (P. vulgaris) is in common use as a wholesome article of foodSea -crow(se'kro), n, A bird of the gull kind; the mire-crow or pewit-gull. Sea-CUCUmber (se-ku'kum-ber), n. A name given to several of the most typical Bpeciea of the Holothuridte, a family of echinoderma. including the beche-de-mer or trepang of the Chinese. Called also Sea-pudding. Sea-dace (se'das), n. A local name for the sea-perch.

Sea-devil (se'de-vil), n. 1. The fishing-fro? or toad-fish, of the genus Lophius (L. piscatorius). See Lophius.—2. A large cartilaginous fish, of the genus Cephaloptera (C. Johnii or horned ray): so called from its huge size, horned head, dark colour, and threatening aspect. Sea-dog (se'dog). n. 1. The dog-fish (which see).—2. The sea-calf or common seal. -3. A sailor who has been long afloat; an old sailor.

Sea-dottrel (se'dot-rel). n. The turn-stone, agrallatorial bird. See Tlrn-stonk. Sea-dragon (se'dra-gon), n, A teleostean fish (Pegasus draco), included among the Lophobranchii, and occurring in Javanese waters. The breast is very wide, and the large size of the pectoral fins, which form wing-like structures, together with its general appearance, have procured fortius fish its popular name. The name is also given to the dragonets, fishes of the goby family. Sea-duck (se'duk), n. An aquatic bird belonging to the Fuligulinre, a sub-family of the Anatidac or duck family. The eiderduck, surf-duck, and buffel-duck are placed among the Fuligulinie. Sea-eagle (se'e-gl),n. 1. A name given to the white-tailed or cinereous eagle (Haliaetus albicilla). It is found in all parts of Europe, generally on the sea-coast, as it is a fishloving bird. It often, however, makes inland journeys in search of food, and seizes lambs, hares, and other animals. The name has occasionally been also applied to the American bald-headed eagle (Haliaetus leucocephalus) and to the osprey. — 2. The eagle ray, a fish of the genus Myliobatis, mostly found in the Mediterranean and more southern seas. It sometimes attains to a very large size, weighing as much as S00 lbs.

Sea-ear (se'er),n. A gasteropodous mollusc, with a univalve shell, belonging to the genus Haliotis. See HAUOTIS. Sea-eel (se'el), * An eel caught in salt water; the conger.

Sea-egg (se^eg), n. A sea-urchfn, especially with its spines removed. See Echinus. Sea-elephant (se'el-e-fant), n, A species of seal, the Macrorhinus proboscideus or Mo~ runga proboscidea; the elephant-seal: so called on accountof the strange prolongation of the nose, which bears some analogy to the proboscis of the elephant, and also on account of its elephantine size, ft is an inhabitant of the southern hemisphere, and

[graphic]

Sea-elephant (Afacrerhinut /To&fisvideuj).

is spread through a considerable range of country. It moves southwards as the summer comes on and northwards when the cold of the winter months makes its more southern retreats unendurable. It attains an enormous size, frequently measuring as much as 30 feet in length and from 15 to 18 feet in circumference. It is extensively hunted for the sake of its skin and its oil, both of which are of very excellent quality. Sea-fan (se'fan), n. A kind of coral See

AlCTONAKIA.

Seafarer (se'far-er), n. One that follows the seas; a sailor; a mariner. 'Some mean seafarer in pursuit of gain.' Pope.

SEAFARING

SEAL

Seafaring (se'far-imr), a. Following the business of a seaman: customarily employed in navigation Shak.

Sea-fennel(se'fen-nelX n. Samphire.

Sea-fern (se'fern), n. A popular name for a variety of coral resembling a fern.

Sea-fight (se'fit), n. An engagement between ship* at sea; a naval action.

Sea-fir (ae'fer), n, A popular name applied to many animals of the coclcnterate order Sertularida (which see).

Sea-fish (se'flsh), n. Any marine fish; any fish that lives usually in salt water.

Sea-foam (se'fom), n. 1. The froth or foam of the sea. —2. A popular name for meerschaum, from an idea that it is sea-froth in a concrete state.

Seaforthla (se-for'thi-a), n. A genus of palms indigenous to the eastern coast of tropical Australia and the Indian Archipelago, named in honour of Francis, Lord Sea

forth. The species are elegant in appearance, with pinnate leaves. The flowerspikes are at tlrst inclosed in spathes varying from one to four in number, and have numerous tail-like branches, along which the flowers are arranged either in straight lines or in spirals, the lower portions having them in threes, one female between two males, and the upper in pairs of males only. One species, S elegant, has been introduced Into our collections, and thrives in light sandy loam and heath mould.

Sea-fowl (se'foul), n. A marine fowl; any bird that Lives by the sea and procures its food from salt water.

Sea-fox (se'ioks), n, A fish of the shark

[graphic]

Fox-shark {Alofiiasvulf><s).

family, Alopias or Alopecias vulpes, called al* ./■'■■ i-•.!,'!,-:, or Thresher. It measures from 12 to 15 feet in length, and is characterized by the wonderfully long upper lobe of the tail, which nearly equals in length the body from the tip of the snout to the base of the tail The lower lobe is quite short and inconspicuous. It fa called sea-fox from the length and size of its tail, and thresher from Its habit of using it as a formidable weapon of attack or defence.

Sea-gage. Sea-gauge (se'gaj). n. l. The depth that a vessel sinks in the water. — 2. An instrument for ascertaining the depth of the sea beyond ordinary deep-sea soundings. It is a self-registering apparatus, in which the condensation of a body of air is caused by a column of quicksilver on which the water acts.

Sea-gllliflower (se jini-fiou-er), n. A British plant, Armerui maritima, called also Sen-pink and Thrift. See SEA-PINK.

Sea-girdle (se'ger-dl), n. A sea-weed, the Latmnaria digitate, called also Tangle, Sea-wand, Ac.

Sea-girkin (se'ger-bin), n. A name common to several members of the family Holothuridoc, akin to the sea-cucumber (which see).

Sea-girt (se'gert). a. Surrounded by the
water of the Bea or ocean; as, a sea-girt Isle.
Pass we the joys and sorrows sailor* find,
Coop'd in their winged tea £trt citadel. Byron.

Sea-god (se'god), ft A marine deity; a divinity supposed to preside over the ocean or sea, aa Neptune. 'Some lusty sea-god.' B Jonson.

Sea-goddess (se'god-es), n. A female deity of the ocean; a marine goddess. Pope.

Sea-going (se'gd-ing), a. Lit. going or travelling on the sea; specifically, applied to a vessel which makes foreign voyages, as opposed to a coasting or river vessel.

Sea-gownt (se'gouH). n. A gown or garment with short sleeves worn by mariners. 'My sea-gmen scarfd about me.' Shak.

Sea-grape (se'grap), n. 1. The popular name uf a genus of plants, Ephedra, especially E. distaehya, nat order Gnetaceo?, closely allied to the conifers. The species consist of small trees or twiggy shrubs with

jointed Btems, whence they are called also Joint-firs. —2. A popular name for the gulfweed.—3. A popular name for the eggs of cuttle-fishes, which are agglutinated together in masses resembling bunches of grapes.

Sea - grass (se'gras), n. A British plant of the genus Zostera, the / marina, called also Grasswrack and Sea-wrack. See Okass

WRACK.

Sea-green (se'gren). a. Having the colour of sea-water; being of a faint green colour.

Sea - green (Be'gren >, n. l. The colour of sea-water.—2. A plant, the saxifrage.— 3. Ground overflowed by the sea In springtides.

Sea-gromwell (se'grom-wel), n. See SeaIII'Gloss.

Sea-gudgeon (se'gu-jon), n. The rock-fish or black goby (Gobius niger), found in the German Ocean and on the Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts of Europe.

Sea-gull (se'gul). n. A bird of the genus LaruB; a gull. See Gull.

Seah (se'a), n. A Jewish dry measure containing nearly 14 pints. Simmonds.

Sea-hare (se'har), n. A molluscous animal of the genus Aplysia (which see).

Sea-heath (se'heth). n. The common name of two species of British plants, of the genus Fraukenia, the F laeois and F.pulverutenia. See Frankenia.

Sea-hedgehog (seltej-ho^), n. A species of Echinus, so called from its prickles, which resemble in some measure those of the hedgehog; Bea-egg; sea-urchin.

Sea-hen (se'heu), n. The guillemot (which see).

Sea-hog (se'hog), n. The porpoise (which see).

Sea-holly (se'hol-li), n A plant of the genus Eryngium, the E. maritimum. See Erynoo.

Sea-holm (seTiolm or se'hdm), n. A small uninhabited isle.

Sea-holm (se'holm or seliom), n. Sea-holly.

Cornwall bringeth forth greater store of sea-holm and samphire than any other county. Carrw.

Sea-horse (se'hors), n. 1. The morse or walrus. See Walrus.— 2. Same as Hippocampus. See Hippocampus.— 3. A fabulous animal depicted with fore parts like those of a horse, and with hinder parts like those of a fish. The Nereids used seahorses as riding-steeds, and Neptune employed them for drawing his chariot In

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[merged small][graphic]

Hooded or Crested Seal (Cyitofhora cristata).

•almost every sea out of the limits of the tropics, but they especially abound in the Beas of the arctic and antarctic regions. The body is elongated and somewhat fishlike in shape, covered with a short dense fur or coarse hairs, and terminated behind by a short conical tail. The Phocidse have their hind-feet placed at the extremity of the body, and in the same line, so as to serve the purpose of a caudal fin; the forefeet are also adapted for swimming, and furnished each with five claws. They are largely hunted for their fur and blubber, a valuable oil being obtained from the latter; and to the Esquimaux they not only furnish food for his table, oil for his lamp, and clothing for his person, but even the bones and skins supply material for his boats and his summer tents. There are numerous species. The common seal (Phoca vitulina) is not uncommon on British coasts. It averages about 4 feet in length, and its fur is grayish-brown, mottled with black. It is easily tamed,and Boon becomes attached to its keeper or those who feed it. Closely allied to the common seal is the marbled seal (P.discolor) found on the coast of France. The P. greenlandica (hnrp-seal or saddlebock seol) forms the chief object of pursuit by the seal-fishers, and has its familiar name from a blnek or tawny mark on the back, resembling a harp in shape, the body fur being gray. The great seal (P. barbata) measures from S to 10 feet in length, and occurs in southern Greenland. The gray seal {Halichoerxts griseus) frequents more southern regions than the preceding, and attains a length of from 8 to 9 feet. The smallest of the Greenland seals, P. foetida, is so called because of the disagreeable odour emitted by the skin of old males. A Bpecfes of the genus Phoca, known as the P. caspira, is found in the Caspian Sea, and nlso in the Siberian lakes Aral and Baikal Thecrested seal (Cystophora cri#tata)is common on the coasts of Greenland, Ac. The so-colled crest is a bladder-like bag capable of being inflated with air from the animal's nostrils. The Otaridn?, or eared seals, have o small externa] ear, and the neck is much better defined than in the Pliocidoj. They are also able to move about on land with greater ease, owing to the greater freedom of the fore-limbs. The best known forms are the Otaria ursina (sea-bear) and Otaria jubata (sea-lion). The famous under fur which forms the valued 'seal-Bkin' is obtained from species of the Otaridre, See Sea-bear, Sea-elephant, Sea-lion. Seal (sel), n. [A. Sox. siQtl, tigl, from L. $igillum, a little figure or image, a seal, dim. of signum, a sign, a token (whence sign, signal, signet).] 1. A piece of stone, metal, or other hard substance, usually round or oval, on which is engraved some image or device, and sometimes a legend or inscription, used for making an impression on some soft substance, as on the wax that makes fast a letter or other inclosed paper, or is affixed to legal instruments in token of performance or of authenticity. Seals are sometimes worn in rings. —Great seal, a Beal used for the United Kingdoms of England and Scotland, and sometimes Ireland, in sealing the writs to summon parliament, treaties with foreign states, and all other papers of great moment. SEAL

10

SEA-MONSTER

The office of the lord-chancellor, or lord keeper, is created by the delivery of the great seal into his cuBtody. — Privy-seal, lord privy-seal. See PRIVY-SEAL.—Seal of omm, in Seat* laic, the grant or charter by which a royal burgh or the superior of a burgh of barony has power conferred upon them of constituting subordinate corporations or crafts, and which defines the privileges and powers to be possessed by the subordinate corporation. — 2. The wax or other substance impressed with a device and attached as a mark of authenticity to letters and other instruments In writing; as, a deed under hand and seal

Till thou canst r;iil the seal from off my bond,
Thou but offend'st thy lungs to speak so loud.
Shak.

3 The wax, wafer, or other fastening of a letter or other paper.

Arthur spied the letter in her hand, Stoopt, took, brake seal, and read it. Tennyson.

4. That which authenticates, confirms, ratifies, or makes stable; assurance; pledge. 2 Tim. ii. 19.

But my kisses, brine again, bring again;
Seals of love, but sealed in vain, Shak.

h. That which effectually shuts, confines, of secures; that which makes fast. Rev. xx.

5. 'Under the seal of silence.' Milton.— To set one's seal to, to give one's authority or imprimatur to; to give one's assurance of.

Seal (set), v.t. [From the noun] 1. To set or affix a seal to, as a mark of authenticity; as. to seal a deed. Hence—2. To confirm; to ratify; to establish; to fix. 'Seal the b.irgain with a holy kiss.' Shak.

And with my hand I seafoui true hearts' live.

Sxak. When therefore I have performed this, and have sealed to them this fruit, I will come by you into Spain. Kom. xv. :£.

Thy fate and mine are sealed. Tennyson.

3. To fasten with a fastening marked with a seal; to fasten securely, as with a wafer or with wax; as, to seal a letter.

I have seen her . , , take forth paper, fold it, write upon't, read it, afterwards seal it, and again return to bed. Shak.

So they went and made the sepulchre sure, sealing the stone and setting a watch. Mat. xxvti. 66.

4. To shut or keep close; to keep secret: sometimes with up; as, seal your lips; seal up your lips. 'Sealed the lips of that evangelist.' Tennyson.

Open your ears, and seal your bosom, upon the secret concerns of a friend. Dwight.

6. To inclose; to confine; to imprison: to keep secure. 'Sealed within the iron hills.' Tennyson.

Back to the infernal pit I drag thee chaln'd.
And seal thee so, as henceforth not to scorn
The facile gates of hell. Milfen.

fj. Among the Mormons and some other polygamous sects, to take to one's self, or to assign to another, as a second or additional wife.

If a man once married desires a second helpmate, . . . she is sealed to him under the solemn sanction of the church. Howard Statisbury.

7. To stamp, as an evidence of standard exactness, legal size, or merchantable quality; as. to mat weights ami measures; to seal le&ther. [American.)—8. In hydraulics, to prevent flow or reflnx of, as air or gas in a pipe, by means of carrying the end of the inlet or exit pipe below the level of the liquid. —9. In arch, to fix, as a piece of wood or iron in a wall, with cement, plaster, or other binding material for staples, hinges, Ac.

Seal (sel), v.i. To fix a seal.

Yes. Shylock, I will seal unto this bond. Shak.

Sea-lace (so 'las), n. A species of alga* (Chorda FUum), the frond of which is slimy. perfectly cylindrical, and sometimes 20 or even 40 feet in length. Called also Seacat gut.

Sea-lark fselark), n. 1. A bird of the sandpiper kind—2 A bird of the dotterel kind; the ring dotterel or plover.

8ea-lavender (se'la vender), n. A British plant of the genus Static© (S. Limonixtm), nat order Plumbaginacerc. The root possesses astringent properties. 'The sea-lavender that lacks perfume.' Craltbe.

Sealed-earth fteld'erth), u. Terra ligittata, an old name for medicinal earths." which were made up into cakes and stamped or senled.

Sea-leech (selech). n. See 8RATE-SUCKER.

Sea-less (selegz). « pi. The ability to walk on a ship's deck when pitching or rolling; as. to get one's sea-legs. [Colloq.J

Sea-lemon (se'lem-on), n. A nudibranchiate gasteropodous mollusc, of the genus Doris, having au oval body, convex, marked with numerous punctures, and of a lemon colour.

Sea-leopard (selep-ard), n. A species of seal, of the genus Leptonyx (L. WeddelliC), so named from the whitish spots on the upper part of the body.

Sealer (seTer), n. One who seals; specifically, in America, an officer appointed to examine and try weights and measures, and set a stamp upon such as are according to the proper standard; also, an officer who inspects leather, and stomps such as is good.

Sealer (sel'er), n. A seaman or a ship engaged in the seal-fishery.

Sea-letter (se'let-er), n. A document from the custom-house, expected to be found on board of every neutral ship on a foreign voyage. It specifies the nature and quantity of the cargo, the place whence it comes, and its destination. Called also Sea-brief.

Sea-level (se-lev'el), n, The level of the surface of the sea

Sealgh, Selch (selih), ft The seal or seacalf, written also Stick. [Scotch.]

Ye needna turn away your head sae sourly, like s sealgk when he leaves the shore. Sir II'. Seott.

Sea-light (se1it), n. A light to guide mariners during the night. See Lighthouse, Harbour-light.

Sealing (sel'ing), n. [From seal, the nnimal.] The operation of catching seals, curing their skins, and obtaining their oil.

Sealing-wax (sering-waks), n. A composition of resinous materials used for fastening folded papers and envelopes, and thus concealing the writing, and for receiving impressions of seals set to instruments. Common bees'-wax was first used in this country, and in Europe generally, being mixed with earthy materials to give it consistency. Ordinary red sealing-wax is made of pure bleached lac, to which are added Venice turpentine and vermilion. In inferior qualities a proportion of common resin and red-lead is used, and black and other colours are produced by substituting appropriate pigments.

Sea-lion (se'H-on). n. 1. A name common to several large members of the seal family (Otarida;), the best known of which is the Otariajubata, or 0. Stelleri. It has a thick

[graphic]

Sea-lion {Otariajubata).

skin, and reddish yellow or dark brown hair, and a mine on the neck of the male reaching tn the shoulders. It attains the length of 10 to 15 feet, and is found in the southern hemisphere, as also in the North Pacific about the shores of Kamtchatka and the Kiirile Isles.—2. In her. a monster consisting of the upper part of a lion combined with the tail of a fish.

Seal-lock (seTlok), n. A lock In which the key-hole is covered by a seal, which can be so arranged that the lock cannot be opened without rupturing the seal.

Sea-loach (se'lorh). n. A British fish of the genus Motella(.l/\ vulgaris), of the family Gadidre. so called from its wattles ami general resemblance to the fresh-water lnach. Called also Three-bearded Rockling, Whixtlcfish. Three-bearded Cod,Three bearded Gade.

Sea-louse (selous), n. A name common to various species of isopodons Crustacea, such as the genus Cymothoa. parasitic on fishes. The name is also given to the Molucca crab, or Pedieulus marinus.

Seal-ring (sel'ring), n. A signet-ring.

I have lost a seal-ring of my grandfather's, worth forty mark. Shak.

Seal-Skin (sel'skin). n. The skin of the seal. which when dressed with the fur on is made into caps and other articles of clothing, or

when tanned is used in making boots, Ac. The skin of some species, as the sea-bear or fur-seal, when the coarser long outer hairs are removed, leaving the soft under fur, is the expensive seal-skin of which ladies' jackets, Ac., are made. Seal-wax iseTwaks), n. Sealing-wax.

Your organs are not so dull that I should inform you 'tis an inch, sir, of seal-wax. Sterne.

Seam (sem), n. [A. Sax. setim, sfm, a hem, a seam; I eel. saumr, Dan. and Sw som, D. zoom, (i. m um, idl from verb to sew. See Sew. ) 1. A joining line or fold formed by the sewing or stitching of two different" pieces of cloth, leather, and the like together; a suture.

[blocks in formation]

2. The line or space between planks when joined or fastened together. — S. In geoL

(a) the line of separation between two strata.

(b) A thin layer, bed, or stratum, as of ore, coal, and the like, between two thicker strata.—4. A cicatrix or scar.

Seam (sem), v.t. l. To form a seam on; to sew or otherwise unite with, or as with, a seam.—2. To mark with a cicatrix; to scar; as. seamed with wounds. 'Seamed with an ancient sword-cut.* Tennyson.

Seam (sem), )l [A. Sax. seam, G. saum, a sack of 8 bushels, a horse-load; from L.L. sauma, salma, for L. sagma, Gr. sagma, a pack-saddle.] A measure of 8 bushels of com, or the vessel that contains lt.~ A seam of glass, the quantity of 120 pounds, or 24 stone of 5 pounds each.

Seam (sem). 11. [Also written saim, sayme, probably from an old French form with m. equivalent to It. mime, grease, lard, though the ordinary French form is sain; from L, sagina,Kfattening, fatness.] Tallow; grease; lard. 'Bastes his arrogance with his own seam.' Shak. [Provincial.]

Sea-maid (se'mad), n. 1. The mermaid. * To hear the sea-maid's music' Shak. See Mermaid—2. A sea-nymph. P. Fletcher.

Sea-mall (se'inal), n. A gull; a sea-mew.

Seaman (se'man 1, n. 1. A man whose occupation is to assist in the navigation of ships at sea; a mariner; a sailor: applied both to officers and common sailors, but technically restricted to those working below the rank of officer. —Able-bodied seaman, a sailor who is well skilled in seamanship, and classed in the ship's books as such. Contracted A.R —Ordinary seaman, one less skilled than an able-bodied seaman.—2. A merman, the male of the mermaid. 'Not to mention mermaids or seamen.' Locke. [Rare]

Seamanship (se'man-ship), n. The skill of a good seaman; an acquaintance with the art of managing and navigating a ship at MA,

Sea-marge (se'mhrj), n. Toe border or shore of the Bc& 'Thy sea-marge, sterile, and rocky hard.' Shak.

Sea-mark(se'mark), n Any elevated object on land which serves for a direction to mariners in entering a harbour, or in sailing along or approaching a coast; a beacon, As a lighthouse, a mountain, &c.

They were executed at divers places upon the seacoast, for sea-marts or lighthouses, to teach Perkin's people to avoid the coast. Bacon.

Sea-mat (se'mat), n. See Polyzoa.

Sea-maw (se'ma), n. The sea-mew or sengull. 'Gi'e our ain fish-guts to our aiu seamaws.' Scotch proverb. [Scotch.]

Seam-blast (sem'blast), n, A. blast made by filling with powder the seams or crevices made by a previous drill-blast

Seamed (semd), a. In falconry, not in good condition; out of condition: said of a falcon.

Sea-mell (se'mel), n. A sea-mew or gull.

Seamer (sem'er), n. One who or that which seams; a seamster.

Sea-mew (se'mu), n. A species of gull; a seagull. See GULL.

The night wind siphs, the breakers roar.
And shrieks the wild sea-mew. Byron.

Sea-mile (se'mH), n. A nautical or geographical mile; the sixtieth part of a degree of latitude or of a great circle of the globe.

Sea-milkwort (se'milk-wertY n. A British plant of the genus Glaux, the G. maritima.

see Glaux Seaming-lace, Seam-lace (sftm'lug-las.

sem'las). n. A lace used by coach-makera

to cover teams and edges. Seamless (eem'les), a. Having no seam. Sea-monster (se'mon-tter), n 1. A huge,

hideous, or terrible marine animal. 'Where

luxury late reigned, sea-monster's whelp.'

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