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MODERN GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES.

777

Tomaszow, tö-mä-shof' (Pol.) Tombigbee or Tombeckbee, tom-big'be,

tom-bek'bē (U. S.). Tombuctoo, tom-buk'tò (Cent. Af.) Tomelloso, to-mel-lyõ'so (Sp.) Tömös, te'-me ush' (Transyl.) pass Tonal, tö'nal (It.) Tonawanda, tö-na-wan'da (U. S.) Tondern, ton'dern (Den.) Tondi, ton'de (Ind.) Tondo, ton'do (East. Arch.) Tongariro, tong-ä-rē'ro (N. Zd.) mt. Tongataboo, ton-ga-ta-bo' (Pac. Oc.) isl. Tongerloo, tong-er-lo' (Bel.) Tongres, tón'gr (Neth.) Tonnay Charente, ton-na'shä-rout'(Fr.) Tonneins, ton-nan' (Fr.) Tonnerre, ton-năr (Fr.) Tonquin, ton-kēn' (Às. Tonse or Tons, tons (Ind.) r. Toola, tölä (Rus.) govt. ; (E. Af.) isl.

and r. Toombudra, töm-bud'rå (Ind.) Topeka, to-po'ka (U. S.) Tophana, top-ha'nä (Tur.) Toplitz, texp'lēts (Bohem.) Topolias, to-pole-äs (Gr.) 1. Topolya, to-pol'yo (Hung.) Topozero, tö-po-zā'ro (Rus.) L Topsham, tops'am (Eng.) Torbay, tor-bă' (Eng.) Torbiscon, tör-bês-kõn' (Sp.) Torcello, tor-chello (It.) Tordera, tör-de'rå (Sp.) Tordesillas, tõr-de-sol-ly Torella, to-rällä (It.) Torello, to-rel’lyó (Sp.) Torgau, tör'gou (Prus.) Torino, tõ-re'no (It.) Toritto, to-rēt'to (It.) Torjok, tör-zhok' (Rus.) Tormentine, tor-men'tin (N. Tormes, tor-mes' (Sp.) r. Tornavacas, tör-nä-vä-käs ( Tornea, tör'ná-o (Swe) Tornolo, tor-nolo (It.) Toroczko, to-röch'ko (Aust.) Török, teu'reuk (Hung.) Torontal, to-ron'tal (Hung.) Toronto, to-ron'to (Can.) Toropetz, to-ro-pets' (Rus.) Torphichen, tor-fich'en (Scot.) Torquay, tor-ke (Eng.) Torquemada, tor-ke-ma'Tha (Sp.) Torralba, tör-rülbà (Sp.) Torrão, tor-roun' (Port. Torrecilla, tör-re-thel'lya (Sp.) Torredembarra, tör-rå-dem-bárral Torrejoncillo, tor-re-chon-thēl'lyo (Sp.) Torremocha, tör-re-mo'cha (Sp.) Torrenueva, tör-re-ny-e'vá (Sp.) Torres Vedras, torräs väldräs (Poi Torrevieja, tör-re-vē-e'chå (Sp.) Torridon, tor'ri-don (Scot.) inlet Torriglia, tór-rē'lya (It.) Torrijos, tor-rē'chos (Sp.) Torrington, torʻring-ton (Eng.) Torroella, tor-ro-el'lyä (Sp.) Torrox, tör-roch' (Sp.) Torrubia, tör-ro'be- (Sp.) Torthorwald, tor'thor-wald (S Tortola, tor-to'la (W. Ind.) ist. Tortona, tör-to'nä (It.) Tortosa, tör-to'så (Sp.) Törtsvar, tuîrts-vår" (Aust.) Tortuga, tör-to'gå (W. Ind.) isl. Toscana, tos-kä'na (It.) Toscanella, tõs-kä-nălla (It.) Tostak, tös-täk' (Sib.) r. Totana, to-ta'ni (Sp. Totma, tot-mi' (Rus.) Totness, tot'nes (Eng.) Totonicapan, tò-to-no-kä-pän' (Cent.

Am.) Tottenham, tot'en-am (Eng.) Tottington, tot'ing-ton (Eng.) Touat, ty-åt' (Af.) oasis Toubouai, tou-bou-i (8. Pac. Oc.) isls. Toul, töl (Fr.) Toulcha, töl'cha (Roum.) Toulon, tö-lon' (Fr.) Toulousain, tö-lo-san' (Fr.) dist. Toulouse, to-los' (Fr.) Toumen, tö-men' (Corea) r. Touraine, tö-rán' (Fr.) dist. Tourcoing, tör-kwan' (Fr.) Tour du Þin, la, lä tör då pat' (Fr.) Tourlaville, tör-la-vel (Fr.) Tournai, tör-nå' (Bel.) Tournaisis, tör-nà-sē' (Fr.) dist. Tournus, tör-nd' (Fr.) Tours, tör (Fr.) Tourves, törv (Fr.) Towcester, tous'ter (Eng.)

Towy tou'i (Wales), r.
Tracadie, trak'a-dé (Nova Sc.)
Trachselwald, trách'sel-vält (Switz.)
Trafalgar, trå-fäl-gär (Pen.) c.
Traiskirchen, tris-kêr'chen (Aust.)
Trajetto, trá-yát'to (It.)
Tralee, tra-lë (Ir.)
Tramelan, trä'me-lán (Switz.)
Tramore, tra-mor (Ir.)
Tranent, tra-nent' (Scot.)
Trani, trä'ně (It.)
Tranmere, tran'mēr (Eng.)
Tranque, trän'ke (Chile) isl.
Tranquebar, trän-kwe-bär' (Ind.)
Transcaucasia, trans-ka-kā'shi-a (As
Transkei, trans-ki' (S. Af.)
Transvaal, trans-vål (8. Af.)
Transylvania, tran-sil-vá'ni-a (Aust.)
Trapani, tra' pa-nē (It.)
Trapano, trä pä-no (Tur.) c.
Traquair, tra-kwär' (Scot.)
Traunstein, troun'stin (Ger.)
Trautenau, trou'te-nou (Bohem.)
Travancore, tra-van-kör (Ind.)
Travemünde, trü-ve-mon'de (Ger.)
Traverse, trav'ers (Pr. Ed. Isl.) c.
Travinik, trä've-nek (Tur.)
Trebbin, trab'bēn (Prus.)
Trebia, trá'be-a (It.) r.
Trebinye, tri-bên’ye (Herzeg.)
Trebisaccia, trá-be-sät'chä
Trebitsch, trâ'bēch (Aust.)
Trebizonde, treb'i-zond (As. Mi.)
Trebujena, tre-bo-che'nå (Sp.)
Trecastagne, tră-käs-ta'nya (It.)
Trecate, tră-ka'ta (It.)
Trecenta, tri-chăn'tä (It.)
Tredegar, tred'e-går (Eng.)
Treguier, tră-ge-å' (Fr.)
Treignac, trä-nyäk' (Fr.)
Treishnish, trésh-nish' (Scot.) isl.
Tremadoc, trē-mad'ok (Wales)
Trembowla, trám-bovlá (Aust.)
Tremiti, trå'me-te (It.) isl.
Tremont, tre-mont' (U. S.)
Tréport, trá-pör (Fr.)
Treptow, tráp tỏf (Prus.)
Trescoe, tres'ko (Eng.) isl.
Trets, tră (Fr.)
Treuenbrietzen, troi-en-brë'tsen (Prus.)
Trevandrum, tră-vän'drum (Ind.)
Trèves, trảv (Ger.)
Treviglio, tră-vē'lyo (It.)
Trevigno, trá-vē'nyo (It.)
Treviso, trá-vē'zo (It.)
Trevoux, tră-vö' (Fr.)
Treysa, tri'zå (Ger.)
Tricarico, trē-kä-ré'ko
Tricase, trē-ka'sā (It.)
Trichinopoly, tri-chi-nop'o-li (Ind.)
Trichoor, tre-chör' (Ind.)
Trient, tre-ent' (Aust.)
Trier, trēr (Ger.)
Trieste, tré-est'; Ital. pron. trē-as'tā

(Aust.)
Trigueros, tré-ge'ros (Sp.)
Trikala, trē-kälä (Tur.)
Trikeri, tre-ka'rē (Tur.
Trincomalee, trēn-kom-ä-le' (Ind.)
Tringano, tron-ga nó (It.)
Trinidad, trin-i-dad' (W. Ind.)
Trinita, trē-në-ta' (It.)
Trinité, La, lä tre-ne-tã' (W. Ind.)
Triora, trē-o'rä (It.)
Tripatoor, trē-på-tór (Ind.)
Tripoli, trē'po-le (Al.; Syr.)
Tripolis, trepô-lés (Syr.)
Tripolizza, tre-po-let'tså (Gr.)
Tristan da Cunha, trēs'tan dä könyä

(8. At.) isls. Triumpho, trs-om'fo (Braz.) Trivaloor, trē-vä-lör' (Ind.) Trobriand, tro-brēånd (8. P Trochtelfingen, troch-tel-fēng'en (Ger.) Troense, treu'en-sâ (Den.) Trogen, trö'gen (Switz.) Trois Rivières, trwa re-vē-ar' (W. Ind.) Troitsk, tro-ētsk' (Rus.) Trolhätta, tröl-hát'tå (Swe) Tromöe, trömeu-e (Nor.) Tromsöe, tröm'seu-e (Nor.). Trondhjem, tron'yem (Nor.) Troon, trön (Scot.) Tropea, trő-på'a (It.) Tropez, St., san tro-på' (Fr.) Troppau, trop'pon (Aust.) Trossachs, tros'aks (Scot.) Trouville, tro-vēl' (Fr.) Trowbridge, trou'brij or tro'brij (Eng.) Troyes, trwa (Fr.) Trsztenna, trs-tán'nä (Hung.) Trueyre, tră-år' (Fr.) Trujillo or Truxillo, trö-chellyó (Sp.;

Span. Am.)

Truro, tröʻro (Eng.)
Trzemeszno, tzha-mash'no (Prus.)
Tsampaynago, tsåm-pi-nä'go (Burm.)
Tsarskoe-Selo, tsärskő-á-sä-lo" (Rus.)
Tschitscher Boden, che' cher bö'den

(Aust.)
Tsiamdo, tsē-am'do (Tibet)
TsikugoGawa, tsē-koʻgô gå-wä (Japan)
Tsitsikar, tsa-tse-kär' (Manchoor.)
Tsong-gan-hien, tsong-gan-hēn' (China)
Tsus-sima, tsys-se'må (N. Pac.) isls.
Tuam, työ'am (Ir.)
Tuat or Twat, ty-at', twat (Af.)
Tubal, tö-bäl' (Chile) r.
Tübingen, tů’bing-en (Ger.)
Tuckahoe, tuk-a-hở (Ù, s.)
Tuckerton, tuk'ér-ton (U. S.)
Tucopia, tớ-köpe-i (s. Pac. óc.) isl.
Tucuman, tö-kő-män' (Arg. Con.)
Tudela, tu-THe'la (p.)
Tuejar, tu-e-char (Sp.)
Tugela, ty-gē'la (S. Af.) r.
Tuggurt, tug-gört' (Alg.)
Tukhti Suleiman, tuch' tē sų-li-män'

(Afg.) mt. Tula, tölä (Rus.: China) Tulare, tu-lar' (Califor.) Tullamore, tul-la-mor (Ir. Tullibardine, tul-li-bär din (Scot.) Tulmaro, tyl-ma'ro (Venez.) Tumac-humac, tö-måk-ho-mak' (S. Am.)

mts. Tumat, tö-mät' (Abyss.) r. Tumbez, töm'bes (Peru) Tunbridge, tun'brij (Eng.) Tunguragua, tong-gu-rä'gwä (Peru)r. Tunguska, tyn-guska (Sib.) r. Tunis, työ'nis (A1) Tunja, tön'chä (Col.) Tunstall, tun'stål (Eng.) Tuparro, tö-pär'ro (Col.) r. Tupiza, tö-po'så (Bol.) Tupungato tö-pong-gá'to (Chile), mt. Turbaco, tör-bako (Col.) Turin, tyu-rin' (Anglicized form of Ital.

Torino) (It.) Turkestan, tör-kes-tän' (As.) Turkey, térki (Eur.; As.) Turnhout, Flemish pron. turn-hout':

Fr. pron, tårn-ö' (Bel.) Turquino, tur-kê'no (Cuba) mt. Turriff, tu'rif (Scot.) Turukansk, tö-rö-kånsk' (Sib.) Tuscaloosa, tus-ka-lo'sa (U.S. Tuscany, tus'ka-ni (Anglicized form of

Ital. Toscana) (It.)
Tuscarawas, tus-ka-ra'was (U. S.)
Tuscarora, tus-ka-ro'ra (U. S.)
Tuscumbia, tus-kum'bi-a (U. S.)
Tutbury, tut'be-ri (Eng.)
Tuticorin, ty-te-kor'in (ind
Tutoya, tö-to'yä (Braz.)
Tuttlingen, tytling-en (Ger
Tuxtla, töks'tlå (Mex.)
Twickenham, twik'en-am (Eng
Twinholm, twin'om (Scot.)
Twyford, twi'ford (Eng.)
Tynemouth, tin' muth' or tin' muth

(Eng.)
Tynninghame, tin'ning-gam (Scot.)
Tyrol, tê-rol' (Aust.)
Tyrone, ti-rõn' (Ir.)
Tysmienica, tès-myen-êt'sa (Aust.)
Tzaritzin, tsär'êt-sćn (Rus.)

Ubatuba, ö-bä-to'bä (Braz.)
Ubeda, 0-be'Tha (Sp.)
Ubrique, Ö-bre'ke (Šp.)
Ucayale, Ö-kä-yale (8. Am.) r.
Uddevalle, öd-da-välla (Swe)
Uddingston, udings-ton (Scot.)
Udenhout, ö'den-hout (Neth.)
Udine, ö'de-nå (It.)
Udinsk, ö-dansk' (Rus.)
Udvarhely, öd-värhäly (Hung.)
Ueberlingen, U'ber-ling-en (Ger.)
Ueberlingersee, u'ber-ling-er-ză
Uebigau, O'be-gou (Ger.)
Uerdingen, ür' ding-en (Prus.)
Uetersen, û'ter-zen (Prus.)
Uetikon, U'tė-kon (Switz.)
Ufa, o'fa (Rus.)
Uffenheim, yf'sen-him (Ger.)
Uffington, uf'ing-ton (Eng.)
Uganda, n-gan'da (Af.)
Ugie, o'gi (Scot.)
Ugijar, o-che-char' (Sp.)

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MODERN GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES.

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Villarubia, vēl-lyd-rö'be-8 (Sp.)
Villaviciosa, vēl-lyä-vē-the-o'sa (Sp.)
Villedieu, vēl-de-eu' (Fr.)
Villefranche, vēl-fronsh' (Fr.)
Villena, vēl-lye'nä (Sp.)
Villenauxe, vēl nõks (Fr.)
Villeneuve, vēl-neuy' (Switz.; Fr.)
Villers, vēl-lyá' or vē-ya' (Bel.)
Villers-Coterêts, vē-yå-ko-te-ra' (Fr.)
Vilna, vēl'nä (Rus.)
Vilshofen, fels'ho-fen (Ger.)
Vilvorde, vēl-võr'da (Bel.)
Vimeira, vẽ-ma'e-r8 (Port)
Vimieiro, vē-me-a'e-ro (Port.)
Vimoutiers, ve-mő-te-a' (Fr.)
Vinaroz, vē-nå-roth' (Sp.)
Vincennes, van-san' (Fr.)
Vincent, st., sant, colloquially sint,

vin'sent (W. Ind.) isl.
Vindhya, vēn'dhyä (Ind.) mts.
Vingurla, vin-gurlä (Ind.)
Vinkeveen, vin'ke-van (Neth.)
Vinkovcze, vēn-kõv'tsā (Aust.)
Vintimiglia, vēn-te-mē'lyä (It.
Virginia, vêr-jin'i-a (U. S
Visby, vēsbů (Swe)
Viseu, vē-sā'u (Port.)
Vistula, vis'tyu-la (Pol.,
Vitebsk, vē-tábsk' (Rus.)
Viterbo, vė-tärbo (It.)
Viti Levu, vē-tē' le-vö' (Fiji) isl.
Vitolano, vē-to-lä'no (It.)
Vitoria, vē-to'rē-ä (Sp.)
Vivarais, vē-vä-ra' (Fr.) dist.
Vivel, vē-vel' (Sp.)
Vivero, vē-ve'ro (Sp.)
Viviers, vē-vē-a' (Fr.)
Vizagapatam, vē-zä-ga-pa-täm' (Ind.)
Vizianagram, vē-zē-a'na-gram (Ind.)
Vizzini, vēt-tsēnē (It.)
Vlaardingen, vlärdéng-en (Bel.)
Vladimir, vla'dē-mér (Rus.)
Vlieland, vle'lant (Neth.)
Vlijmen, vli'men (Neth.)
Vlissingen, vlēs'sing-en (Neth.)
Vogatza, võ-gat'så (Tur.) r.
Vogelberg, fö'gel-berg (Ger.) mt.
Voghera, võ-ga'ra (It.)
Vogogna, võ-go'nyà (It.)
Vöhringen, feu'ring-en (Ger.)
Voigtland, 'écht-länt (Ger.) dist.
Voiron, vwa-ron' (Fr.)
Vojutza, vò-jotoza (Tur.).
Volcano, vol-ka'no (Pac. Oc.) isls.
Volga, vol'ga (Rus.) r.
Volhynia, võl-hi'ne-ä (Rus.)
Vollenhove, vol-len-hò'vē (Neth.)
Vologda, vô-lôg dã (Rus.)
Volpiano, völ-pê-a'no (It
Volta, vol'tä (It.; W. A.)
Volterra, võl-tarra (It.)
Volturara, võl-ty-ra'rå (It.)
Volturno, völ-tör'no (It.) r.
Volvic, võl-vēk' (Fr.)
Vonitza, fo-nēt'så (Gr.)
Voortschoten, vor-scho'ten (Neth.)
Vorarlberg, för-årlberg (Aust.) dist.
Voreppe, võ-ràp' (Fr.)
Vorona, võ-rồng (Rus.).
Voronej, vo-ronezh (Rus.)
Voronetz, vo-rõn'ets (Rus.)
Vosges, vözh (Fr.)
Vostitza, fös-tēt'za (Gr.)
Vostochni, vos-toch'nē (Sib.) c.
Vouziers, vö-zē-a' (Fr.)
Vrana, vrå'na (Tur.)
Vreden, frá'den (Ger.)
Vreeswijk, vrås'vik (Neth.)
Vriesenveen, viễozen-vân (Neth.)
Vriesland, vrêz'lant (Neth.)
Vukovar, vö-ko-vär' (Aust)
Vulcano, vôl-ka'no (It.) isl.
Vuna, vö'nä (Fiji) isl.
Vuoxen, vö-oks'en (Finld.) r.
Vusitrin, vö-sé'trēn (Tur.)
Vytegra, vy-ta'grä (Rus.)

Wah-el-Kharijeh, wä-el-chä'ri-je (Eg.)
Wahleren, väle-ren (Switz.)
Wahsatch, wa-sach' (U. S.) mts.
Waiblingen, vi'bling-en (Ger.)
Waidhofen, vidho-fen (Àust.)
Waigatz, vi-gäts' (Rus.) isl.
Waigeou, vi-ge-ö' (East. Arch.) isl.
Waikato, wä-ė-kältö (N. ZM.) r.
Waitemata, wa-e-ta-må'ta (N. Za.)
Waitzen, vit'tsen (Aust.)
Wakatipu, wä-kä-te'pö (N. Z
Wakefield, wäk'feld (Eng)
Wakenitz, vä'ke-nēts (Ger) r.
Walachia, or Wallachia, wa-la'ki-a

(Eur.)
Walcheren, väl'che-ren (Neth.)
Walcourt, väl kör' (Bel.)
Waldeck, väldek (Ger.)
Walden, Saffron, saf'fron wal'den (Eng.)
Waldenburg, vålden-börg (Ger.)
Waldheim, väld'him (Ger)
Waldshut, väldz'höt (Ger)
Walla Walla, wolla wol'la (U.S.)
Walldüren, våldu-ren (Ger)
Wallenstadt, vällen-stat (Switz.)
Wallingford, wolling-ford (Eng.)
Walloostook, wol-lus-tuk' (N. Am.) r.
Wallsend, walz-end' (Eng.)
Walmer, wal'mer (Eng.)
Walney, wąlni (Eng.) isl.
Walsall, wal'sal (Eng.)
Waltershausen, väl'terz-houz-en (Ger.)
Waltham, wol'tham (Eng.)
Walthamstow, wol'tham-sto (Eng.)
Walton, wal'ton (Eng.)
Walvisch Bay, väl'vish bā (S. Af.)
Walworth, wal'werth (Eng)
Wandiwash, wan-di-wash (Ind.)
Wandsworth, wandz'werth (Eng.)
Wanganui, wän-gå-nö'ē (N. Z.)
Wangari, wän-gä'rē (N. Žd.) b.
Wangeroog, vang'e-rog (Ger) isl.
Wanjanga, wan-jang'ga (Af.)
Wantage, won'tảj or won'tij (Eng.)
Wapakoneta, wa-pa-ko-net'a (U.
Wappatoo, wp-pa-tô (U, S.) isl.
Wapping, woping (Eng.)
Warasdin, vä'ris-den (Aust.)
Warburton, wor ber-ton (Austral.) r.
Warendorf, vä'ren-dorf (Prus.)
Wargela, wär'ge-la (Alg.) oasis
Warkworth, wark'werth (Eng.)
Warminster, warmin-ster (Eng.)
Warree, wär-rē' (Cent. Af.)
Warrenspoint, worrenz-point (Eng.)
Warrington, wor'ring-ton (Eng.)
Warsaw, wąr'sa; Polish, Warszawa,

vår-shä'vä (Pol.)
Wartenburg, vårten-börg
Warwick, warrik (Eng
Washita, wosh'i-ta (U. S.)
Wasmes, väm (Bel.)
Wasungen, välzung-en (Ger.)
Waterbury, wa'tér-be-ri (U.S.)
Waterford, wa'tér-ford (Ir.)
Waterhead, wa'têr-hed (Eng.)
Wateringen, vå'te-ring-en (Neth.)
Waterloo, wa-têr-10; Flemish pron.

vå-ter-lo' (Bel.)
Watseka, wot-se'ka (U. S.)
Wavertree, wä'ver-trē (Eng.)
Wazan, wå-zän' (Mar.)
Weald, The, thu weld (1
Wear, wēr (Eng) r.
Wednesbury, wenz'be-ri (Eng.)
Weedon, wē'don (Eng.)
Weggis, vāg'gēs (Switz.)
Weighton Market, wá'ton mär'ket

(Eng)
Weihien, wā-hyen' (China)
Weikersheim, vi'kerz-him (Ger.)
Weimar, vi'mär (Ger)
Weissenburg, vis'sen-börg (Switz. and

Ger.)
Weissenfels, vis'sen-fels (Prus.)
Weissenhorn, vis'sen-horn (Switz.)
Weisskirchen, vis kērch-en (Hung.)
Welland, wel'land (Eng. ; Can.)
Wellingborough, wel'ling-bu-ru (Eng.)
Wellington, wel'ling-ton (N. Zd. &c.)
Wells, welz (Eng.)
Welshpool, welsh'pöl (Wales)
Weltevreden, vel'te-vră-den (Java)
Wemyss, wēmz (Scot.)
Wener, vå'ner (Swe) l.
Wenersberg, vā'nerz-berg (Swe)
Wengern, weng'ern (Switz.)
Wenham Lake, wen'am lák (U. S.)
Wenona, we-nö'na (U. S.)
Wentworth, went'werth (Eng.)
Wereja, vā-rā'yä (Rus.)
Wernigerode, vär-nē-ge-rõ'de (Prus.)
Wertheim, vārt'hïm (Ger.)
Wervick, vár'vēk (Belg.)

Wesel, va'zel (Ger.)
Weser, va'zer (Ger) r.
Wesijegonsk, vá-sé-ya-gonsk' (Rus.)
Wessel, wes'sel (Austral.) isls.
Westbury, west'be-ri (Eng.,
Westeras, vās'te-ros (Swe.)
Westerbotten, väs'ter-bot-ten (Swe.)
Westerwald, vās'ter-vält (Ger) mts.
Westmeath, west-meth' (Ir.)
Westminster, west'min-ster (Eng)
Westmoreland, west'mor-land (Eng)
Westoe, wes'to (Eng.)
Weston-super - Mare, wes'ton-syy-per-

må"rē (Eng) Westphalia, west-fā'li-a; Ger. West

phalen, väst-fi'len (Ger.) Westruther, west'rufH-ér (Scot.) Westzaan, vest'zan (Neth.) Wetherby, werH'er-bi (Eng.) Wetter, vet'ter (Swe) l. Wetteren, våt'te-ren (Bel.) Wetterhorn, văt'ter-horn (Switz.) Wetzlar, vătslår (Ger.) Wevelghem, vå'vel-gem (Bel.) Wexford, weks'ford (Ir.) Wexió, vek'shē-eu (Swe) Wey, wă (Eng)r. Weymouth, wă'muth (Eng.) Whalsey, hwal'si (Scot.) isl. Whampoa, hwam-po'a (China) Wharfe, hwarf (Eng.) r. Whitby, hwit'bi (Eng.) Whitehaven, hwit'hă-ven (Eng.) Whithorn, hwit'horn (Scot.) Whitstable, hwit'sta-bl (Eng.) Whittlesey, hwittel-si (Eng.) Whydah, hwid'da (W. Àf.) Wiborg, vē'borg (Den.; Rus.) Wicklow, wik'lo (Ir.) Wicomico, wi-kom'i-ko (U. S.) Widdin, vēd'den (Tur.) in. Wieliczka, vê-léch'kä (Aust. Gal.) Wien (Vienna), vēn (Aust.) Wienerwald, vē'ner-vält (Aust.) mts. Wieprz, vyeprzh (Rus.) r. Wiesbaden, vēz'bå-den (Ger.) Wigan, wig'an (Eng.) Wight, wit (Eng) isl. Wigton, Wigtown, wig'ton (Scot.; Eng.) Wijchen, vi'chen (Neth.) Wijk, vik (Neth.) Wildbad, vēlt'båt (Ger) Wildenfels, vēl'den-fels (Ger.) Wildungen, vēl'dụng-en (Ger.) Wilhelmsburg, vēl'helms-borg (Ger.) Wilkesbarre, wilks'bär-re (U. S.) Willamette, wil-la'met (U. S.) r. Willemstad, vēl'lem-städ (Neth.) Willesden, wil'lez-den (Eng.) Willoughby, willo-bi (U. S.) Wilmington, wilming.ton (U. S.) Wilna, vēl'nä (Rus.) Wimbledon, wim'bel-don (Eng.) Wimmera, wim-me'ra (Austral.) Wincanton, win'kan-ton (Eng.) Winchcombe, winsh'kom (Eng.) Winchelsea, win'chel-së (Eng.) Winchester, win'ches-ter (Eng) Windermere, win'der-mēr (Eng.) I. Windischgrätz, vēn'desh-grets (Áust.) Windsor, wind'zor (Eng.) Winlaton, win'la-ton (Eng.) Winnebago, win-nē-bå'go (U.S.) 1. Winnenden, vēn'nen-den (Ger.) Winnepesaukee, win-ne-pe-sa'kē

(U. S.) l. Winnipeg, win'ni-peg (N. Am.) l. Winnipegoos or Winnipegosis, win'ni

pe-gös, win-ni-pe-go'sis (N. Am.) l. Winnipiseogee, win-ne-pe-se-o'gē (U.'s.)

[graphic]

vi-nona səhotenssitz.)

W.

Winona, wi-nö'na (U. S.)
Winschoten, ven-scho'ten (Neth.)
Winterthur, vēn'ter-tör (Switz.)
Wipper, vēp'per (Ger.) r.
Wipperfurth, vép'per-fört (Ger.)
Wirksworth, werks'werth (Eng)
Wisbeach, wiz'bech (Eng.)
Wisby, vēs'bů (Swe.)
Wisconsin, wis-kon'sin (U, S.)
Wisehau, vē'ze-hou (Aust.)
Wishaw, wish'a (Scot)
Wisloka, vē-slökä (Aust. Gal.) r.
Wismar, vēz'mär (Ger)
Wissembourg (French name of Weis-

senburg), vēs-son-bör (Ger.)
Witham, with'am (Eng) r.
Wittelsbach, vēt'telz-bäch (Ger.)
Wittenberg, vēt'ten-berg (Prus.)
Wittgenstein, wit'gen-stin (s. Pac.) isl.
Wittichenau, vēt'tē-che-nou (Prus.)
Wittingen, vēt'ting-en (Ger.)
Witzenhausen, vět'sen-houz-en (Ger.)
Wiveliscombe, wil'skum (Eng.)

Waalwijk, välvīk (Neth.)
Wabash, wa'bash (U. S.), r.
Waday, wä-di' (Cent. Al.)
Wad Medina, wad má-dé'ni (Eg.)
Waereghem, vä're-gem (Belg.)
Waerschoot, vär'schot (Belg.)
Wageningen, vå'ge-ning-en (Neth.)
Wagram, vagram (Aust.)
Wah-el-Baharieh, wä-el-ba-hi-rē'e (I
Wah-el-Dakhileh, wa-el-dä'che-le E.
Wah-el-Ferafreh, wä-el-fe-räf're (Eg.

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FOREIGN WORDS
WHICH FREQUENTLY FORM PARTS OF GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES,

WITH EXAMPLES OF THEIR USE.

t:

fen1

Å (Sw.), river, as in Torneå.

Bischof (G.), bishop; Bischofsheim, bishop's | Foo (Chinese), first-class city; Tse-nan-foo. Aa (Dan. and D.), river, as Groote Aa, great home; Bischofzell, bishop's cell.

Frey, Frei (G.), free; Freiburg, free castle or river (Holland).

Blanc, Blanche (Fr.), white; Mont Blanc; town. Ab or Aub (Per.), water; as Doab, two rivers; Dent Blanche, white tooth (inountain peak). Fried, Frieden (G.), peace; Friedland, land Punjaub, five rivers.

Blanco (Sp.), white; Cabo Blanco, white of peace. Abad (Per., Hind., &c.), house, town; as Ak cape.

Fürst (G.), prince; Fürstenwalde, prince's barabad, town of Akbar; Hyderabad, town Bocca (It.), Boca (Sp., Pg.), mouth; Boca

wood. of Hyder.

Chica, little mouth. Abbas (Per.), father; Abbasabad, paternal Borg (Sw., Dan.), castle; Aalborg, eel town; Gamla (Sw.), old; Gamla Karleby, old Charlestown or abode. Frederiksborg.

town. Aber (Celt.), mouth of a river; Aberdeen, Bosch (D.), wood; Hertogenbosch, duke's Garh, Gurh, Ghur (Hind.), castle; Futteh. town at the mouth of the Dee; Aberavon, wood (Bois-le-duc).

gurh, fort of victory mouth of the Avon.

Bouroun or Bournú (Turk.), cape; Narat Gawa (Japanese), river; Sakada-gawa; SinAdel (G.), noble; Adelsberg, noble's moun Bourun, cape of firs.

ano-gawa. tain; Adelsheim, noble's home.

Bruck, Brück (G.), bridge; Innsbrück, the Gebirge (G.), mountains; Riesengebirge, Agoa (Pg), Agua (sp.), water; Agoa Fria, bridge over the Inn; Zweibrücken, the two giant mountains. cold water; Aguas Calientes, warm waters. bridges.

Ghaut, Ghát (Hind.), a mountain pass, also a Ain (Ar.), a spring; Ain Moosa, spring of Brugg (Swiss), bridge; Glattbrugg

landing-place or flight of steps on the side Moses.

Brunn, Brunnen (G), well; Schönbrunn, of a river. Ak (Turk.), white; Ak-Serai, white palace; beautiful well.

Giri (Hind.), mountains; Nilgiri (Neilgherry), Ak-su, white river.

Bueno, Buena (Sp.), good; Buenos Ayres, fine blue mountains. AI, EI (Ár.), the or a; Alcantara, the bridge; airs; Buena Vista, fine view; Buenaventura, Gora (Slav.), mountain; Czernagora, black Alcazar, the palace. good luck.

mountain (=Montenegro). Allah (Ar.), God; Allahabad, town of God. Burg (G.), castle, fortified place; Rothenburg, Gorod, Grad (Slav.), town, Novgorod, new Alp, Alb (Celt.), an elevated place; Alpnach, | red castle; Augsburg, castle of Augustus. town. high waters. By (Dan.), town; Sundby, town on the sound; Graf, Gra

count's Alsó (Hung ), lower, opposite of Felső, upper; Ashby, ash town; Kirkby, church town. hill. Alsó Lendva

Grande (Sp., It., Pg.),great; Rio Grande, great Alt (G.), old; Altdorf (or Altorf), old vil Caer, Car (Celt.), fortified place, fortified river." lage; Altenkirchen, old churches.

town: Caer-Caradoc, fort of Caradoc or Groote (D.), great: Groote Aa, great river. Alta, Alto (Sp., It., Pg.), high; Tierra Alta, Caractacus; Carnarvon, fort in Arvon. Gross (G.), great; Gross - Glogau; Gross - Bihigh land (Sp.).

Casa (Sp.), house; Casas-Grandes, the great beran. Ard (Celt.), high, height; Ardglass, green houses.

Gunong (Malay), mountain; Gunong Tebur; height; Ardnamurchan, height of the great Cerro (Sp.), mountain-peak, rugged hin; Gunong Api. headland.

Cerro de Pasco. Arl, Adler (G.), eagle; Arlberg, Adlerberg, Chang and Chung (Chinese), middle; Chang | Hafen (G.), Havn (Dan.), port; Bremerhafen, eagle's mountain.

choo-foo; Chang-chuen. Arroyo (Sp.), rivulet; Arroyo de Puerco, riv

port of Bremen; Kjöbenhavn, merchant's Chow (Chinese), island, second-class city;

haven (Copenhagen). ulet of the hog. Hang-chow.

Hại (Chi.), sea; Whang-hai, Hoang-hai, yelAu, Aue (G.), meadow; Reichenau, rich Cidade (Pg.), city; Cidade do Recife, city of

low sea meadow; Goldene Aue, golden meadow. the reef.

Ham, Hamn (Sw.), port; Carlshamn, Charles's Aven, Avon (Celt), flowing water; Avoninore, Cima (It.), mountain-peak; Cima Nove, new

haven. great water; Strathaven, valley of the peak.

Haus (G.), house; Neuhaus, new house; Oberriver. Citta (It.), city, town; Citta-di-Castello, town

hausen, upper houses. of the castle.

Havn (Dan.), port. See Hafen, Ham. Bab (Ar., Chal.), gate, court; Bab-el-Mandeb, Ciudad (Sp.), city; Ciudad Real, royal city;

Hegy (Hung.), mountain; Hegy-allya. gate of tears.

Ciudad-Rodrigo, city of Roderick

Heilige, Heiligen (G.), holy, saint; HeiligenBaba (Turk.), father; Babadagh, father moun Civita (It.), town; Civita Vecchia, old town.

stadt, holy town. tain.

Col (Fr.), pass, elevated pass; Col de Géant, Heim (G.), home (=E. -ham); Bischofsheim, Bach (G.), brook, rivulet; Erlenbach, alder giant's pass.

bishop's home. brook; Fischbach, fish brook; Schwarzen Croce (It.), cross; Santa Croce, the holy cross,

Hinter (G.), hinder, lying behind; Hinter bach, black or dark brook.

Croix (Fr.), cross; Sainte Croix, the holy Rhein, the name of a head - water of the Bad (G.), bath; Baden, the baths; Carlsbad, cross.

Rhine.
Charles's bath.
Cruz (Sp.), cross; Vera Cruz, the true cross;

Hissar (Turk.), castle; Ak-Hissar, white castle; Bahia (Sp., Pg.), bay; Bahia de Todos or Santa Cruz, the holy cross.

Kara Hissar, black castle.
Santos, bay of all saints.
Cumbre (Sp.), mountain peak; Cumbres Al-

Ho (Chinese), river, canal; Hoang-ho, yel. Bahr (Ar.), sea, river; Bahr Lut, sea of Lot, tas, the high peaks.

low river; Pei-ho, white river. the Dead Sea; Bahr-el-Abiad, the white Czerna, Czerny, Cherni (Slav.), black; Czerna

Hoang (Chinese), yellow; Hoang-ho, yellow river (White Nile). gora, the black mountain (= Montenegro);

river; Hoang-choo, yellow town. Bal or Bally (Celt.. town: Ballinderry, town Czernamore, the Black Sea.

Hoch (G.), high; Hochkirch, high church; of the oak wood; Ballyclare, town on the

Hochberg, high mountain. plain; Ballachulish, town on the strait. Dagh, Tagh (Per., Turk.), mountain or moun Hof (G.), court, farm, estate; Hof-wyl. Banya (Hung), a mine; Banya-Nagy, great tain-range; Babadagh, father mountain. Hohe (G.), height; Hohenzollern, the height mine; Banya-Felső, upper mine.

Dal (Dan., Sw.), valley, dale; Dal Elf, valley of the Zoller family. Bar (Hind.), country; Malabar, mountainous river.

Holm (Sw., Dan.), small island; Bornholm, country.

Dam (D.), dam; Amsterdam, the dam of the island of Burgundians. Bazar, Basar (Turk.). market town: Novi- Amstel: Rotterdam, dam of the Rotte.

Hondo, Honda (Sp.), deep; Rio Hondo, deep Bazar or Yeni-Bazar, new market town. Daria, Darya (Per.), sea, river; Amu Darya, river. Beau, Bel (Fr.), beautiful; Beaulieu, beauti Sir Darya. ful place; Belmont, beautiful mountain Diva, Din (Hipd.), island; the Maldives, Lac

Île, Isle (Fr.), island; Belleisle, beautiful Bela, Bielo (Rus.), white; Belgrade, white cadives. town; Bielaya, white stream. Dun (Celt.), fort; Dundee, the fort on the Tay.

island; Lisle (l'isle), the island.

Inver (Celt.), mouth of a river; Inverness, Beled, Bilâd (Ar.), country, town; Biledul

mouth of the Ness. gerid, country of dates.

Eisen (G.), iron; Eisenberg, iron mountain; Bello, Bella (It., Sp., and Pg.), beautiful;

Irmak (Turk.), river; Kizil-Irmak, red river Eisenstadt, iron town.

(the ancient Halys). Portobello, beautiful port.

EI. AI (Ar.), the or a; El Kantara, the bridge. Ben (Celt.), hill; Ben More, the great hill;

Isola (It.), Isla (Sp.), Ilha (Pg.), island; Isola

See Al. (El is also Spanish for the.)
Ben Cruachan, the cone-shaped mountain; Elf (Sw), river; Göta-Élf; Dal-Elf, river of

Bella, beautiful island; İlha Grande, great

island. Ben Macdhui, mountain of the black sow. the dale. Bender (Turk., Per.), port; Bender-Abbaz Eski (Turk.), old; Eski-Hissar, old castle; (Persia).

Eski-Stambul, old Constantinople.

Jebel, Djebel (Ar.), mountain; Jebel Moosa, Berg(G.). hill, mountain; Carlsberg, Charles's

mount of Moses, the modern Arabic name hill; Königsberg, king's hill; Schwarzen Feld (G.), field; Feldkirch, field church; | of Mt. Sinai; Gibraltar, corrupted from berg, black hill. | Hirschfeld, field of the stag.

Jebel al Tarik, mount of Tarik Beth (Heb.), house ; Bethel, house of God; Fels, Felsen (G.), rock; Drachenfels, dragon

Jeni (Turk), new. See Yeni. Bethhoron, house of the hollows; Bethle- rock.

Jezireh (Ar.), island; Al Jezireh, the name hem, house of bread.

Felsö (Hung.), upper; opposite of Alsó, lower; of the region between the Euphrates and Bhúm, Bhoom (Hind.), land, country; Bir Felsö Lendva,

Tigris. bhúm, land of heroes.

Fjeld or Field (Dan.), Fjäll (Sw.), mountain, Bir (Ar.), well; Bir-es-Seba, well of seven mountains, as the Drovrefjeld, the Fille. Kafir (Ar.), infidel; Kafiristan, land of in

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