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4 Importance; moment; weight; conse- | gestures, &c.; as, he signified to me his in leaves and umbels of white or yellowish quence tention.

flowers, natives of Europe and Asia. S. praMany a circumstance of less significancy has been Then Paul ... entered into the temple, to signify tensis (meadow-pepper saxifrage) is found in construed into an overt act of high treason, the accomplishment of the days of purification.

damp and moist places in England, other Addison

Acts xxii. 26.

parts of Europe, and Siberia. The whole Significant (sig-nif'i-kant), a. (L. signifi 2. To give notice; to announce; to impart; |

plant has an unpleasant smell when bruised, cana, significantis, ppr. of significo. See to declare; to proclaim.

and cattle generally avoid it in pastures. SIGNIFY) I Serving to signify something; My friend Stephano, signify, I pray you,

Sile (sil), n. (Sw. sil, a strainer: sila, to fitted or intended to signify something; as, Within the house, your mistress is at hand. Shak.

strain, to sift; L. G. sielen, to draw off water; (a) bearing a meaning; expressing or con

3. To mean; to have or contain a certain akin silt.) A sieve; a strainer. (Old and taining signification or sense; as, a signi

sense; to import; as, in Latin 'amo' signifies Provincial English and Scotch.) cant word or sound. (6) Expressive in an

'I love.' -4. To suggest as being intended; Sile (sil), v.t. To strain, as fresh milk from eruinent degree; forcible. to indicate.

the cow. (Old and Provincial English and Common life is full of this kind of significant ex Let him have some plaster, or some loam, or

Scotch.) pressions

Holder. Some rough-cast about him, to signify wall, Shak. Sile (sil), v.i. To flow down; to drop; to (c) Expressive or suggestive of something 5. To weigh; to matter: used almost in fall. [Provincial.) more than what appears; meaning; as, to transitively in particular phrases; as, it Sileneæ (si-lē'nē-ē), n. plur. [From Silene.] give a person a significant look. (d) Be signifies much or little; it signifies nothing; A tribe of Caryophyllacex, the members of tokening something; representative of some what does it signify?

which have a tubular calyx and petals with thing, standing as a sign of something. What signifies the people's consent in making and

claws. See CARYOPHYLLACEÆ. It was well said of Plotinus, that the stars were sig repealing laws, if the person who administers hath

Silence (si'lens), n. [Fr, silence, from L. sifore, but not efficient.

Raleigh.
no tie!

Swift. lentium, silence, from sileo, to be still, to To add to religious duties such rites and cere.

And whether coldness, pride, or virtue dignify be silent; comp. Goth. silan, anasilan, to Danes as are significant, is to institute new sacra

A woman--so she's good, what can it signify! be silent.] 1. The condition prevailing when Hooker.

Byron.

everything is silent; stillness or entire abSYN. To express, manifest, declare, utter, 2. Important; momentous; as, a significant |

sence of sound or noise; as, the silence of intimate, betoken, denote, imply, mean. event

midnight. The night's dead silence.' Shak. Signify (sig'ni-fi), v. i. To express meaning Significanti (sig-nif'i-kant), n. That which with force. If the words be but comely

There was silence deep as death; is significant; a token. Shak.

And the boldest held his breath, and signifying.' B. Jonson. (Rare.)

For a time.

Campbell. Significantly (sig-pif'i-kant-li), adv. In a Signior (sèn'yor). n. An English form of significant manner: (a) so as to convey

2. The state of holding the peace; forbearthe Italian Signore, Spanish Señor, a title of meaning or signification; (b) meaningly; ex

ance of speech in man or of noise in other respect equivalent to the English Sir or Mr., pressively; signifying more than merely ap- |

animals; taciturnity; muteness; as, to keep the French Monsieur, and the German Herr.

silence; to listen in silence. Written also Signor, Seignior. See SEIGNIOR. significate (sig-nif'i-kat), n. In logic, one Signiorizet (sēn'yor-iz), v.t. To exercise do

Be check'd for silence, but never tax'd for speech. of several things signified by a common

Shak. minion over; to lord it over. He that siterm. Whately.

3. The refraining from speaking of or mak. gniorizeth hell.' Fairfax. Signification (sig'ni-fi-ká"shon), n.

ing known something; secrecy; as, to re(L. sig- signiorizet (sēn'yor-iz), v.i. To exercise do

ward a person for his silence.-4. Stillness; nificatio See SIGNIFY.] 1. The act of si minion, or to have dominion.

calmness; quiet; cessation of rage, agitation, mufying, or of making known by signs or

or tumult; as, the elements reduced to siwords, or by anything that is understood. O'er whom, save heaven, nought could signiorise.

lence.-5. Absence of mention; oblivion; obAl speaking or signification of one's mind implies Signiory, Signory (sēn'yo-ri), n. 1. A prin

scurity. 23 act or address of one man to another. South cipality; a province.

Eternal silence be their doom. Milton. 2. That which is signified or expressed by

Through all the signiories it was the first,

A few more days, and this essay will follow the signs or words; meaning: import; sense;

And Prospero the prine duke. Shak.

Defensio Populi to the dust and silence of the upper that which the person using a sign intends 2. The landed property of a lord; a domain;

shelf.

Macaulay. to convey, or that which men in general who an estate; a manor.

Silence (sīʻlens), v.t. pret. & pp. silenced; use it understand it to convey. The signi Eating the bitter bread of banishment,

ppr. silencing. To make silent; to put fication of words is dependent on usage; but Whilst you have fed upon my signiories. Shak. to silence; (a) to oblige to hold the peace; when custom has annexed a certain sense 3. Government; dominion; power; seigniory.

to cause to cease speaking; as, to silence a to sound, or to a combination of sounds, * The inextinguishable thirst for signiory."

loquacious speaker. this sense is always to be considered the

Kyd.-4. A governing body. My services To silence envious tongues: be just, and fear not. signification which the person using the

Let all the ends thou ain'st at be thy country's, which I have done the signiory.' Shak.Words intends to communicate. So by cus

Thy God's and truth's.

Shak. 5. Seniority. “The benefit of signiory.' torn certain signs or gestures have a deterShak.

(6) To restrain in reference to liberty of mined signification. Such is the fact also Signitary (sig'ni-ta-ri), a. Same as Signa

speech; especially, to restrain from preachwith figures, algebraic characters, &c. tory.

ing by revoking a license to preach; as, to That which signifies; a sign Rare.) Sign - manual (sīn-man'ü-al), n. A signa

silence a minister of the gospel. Significative (sig-nif'i-kåt-iv), a. (Fr. signi. ture; the subscription of one's own name to

Is it tberefore ficatiy. See SIGNIFY.] 1. Betokening or a document; specifically, a royal signature,

The ambassador is silenced !

Shak. representing by an external sign; as, the which must be adhibited to all writs which

The silenc'd preacher yields to potent strain. ngnificative symbols of the eucharist.

Poge. have to pass the privy seal or great seal. 2 Having signification or meaning; expres.

(c) To cause to cease sounding; to stop the Signor (sēn'yor), n. Same as Signior. sive of a meaning; sometimes strongly ex

noise or sound of; to make to cease. Signora (sēn-yo'ra), n. An Italian title of pressive of a certain idea or thing.

Silence that dreadful bell.

Shak, address or respect, equivalent to Madam, There is apparently a significative coincidence Mrs.

It is the little rift within the lute, between the establishment of the aristocratic and

That by and by will make the music mute, Signorina (sén-yb-rē'na), n. An Italian title Slagarchical powers, and the diminution of the pro

And ever widening slowly silence all. of respect, equivalent to the English Miss sperity of the state.

Tennyson. Ruskin. and the French Mademoiselle.

(d) To still; to quiet; to restrain; to apSignificatively (sig-nifi-kåt-iv-li), adv. In Signory. Set SIGNIORY.

pease. Would have silenced their scruples.' a signitieative manner; so as to represent Sign - painter (sin'pant-ér), n. A painter

Daniel Rogers. or express by an external sign. of signs for tradesmen, &c.

This would silence all further opposition. ad may be the body of Christ significatively. Sign-post (sin'pöst), n. A post on which a

Clarendon. Aop. Ussher. sign hangs.

(e) To stop the noise of firing from; to make Significativeness (sig-nif'i-kāt-iv-nes), n.

Signum (sig'num), n. (L.) In law, a cross to cease firing, especially by a vigorous canThe quality of being significative. West.

nonade; as, to silence guns or a battery. prefixed as a sign of assent and approbation Rer. to a charter or deed.

Silence (silens), interj. Used elliptically for Significator ( sig-nif'i-kāt-er), n. One who | sike. t a. Such. Spenser.

let there be silence, or keep silence. or that which signifies or makes known by Stke (sik). n Icel' sik.1 A small stream of Silene (si-lē'nė), n. [Origin doubtful.) An Fords, signs, &c.

water; a rill; a marshy bottom with a small extensive genus of plants belonging to the In this diagram there was one significator which stream in it. (Scotch and North of Eng. natural order Caryophyllacea. The species pressed remarkably upon our astrologer's attention. land.)

are in general herbaceous; the stems are Sir W. Scolt,

leafy, jointed, branched, and frequently Sike, t a. Sick. Chaucer. Significatory (sig-nif'i-ka-to-ri), a. Having

glutinous below each joint. Sike, t n. Sickness. Chaucer. signification or meaning.

The greatest Significatory (sig-nif'i-ki-to-ri), n.

Sike. tv.i.
That

proportion are inhabitants of the south of To sigh. Chaucer.

Sike, t n. which betokens, signifies, or represents.

A sigh.

Europe and north of Africa; many occur in
Chaucer.
Sikert (sik'ér), a. or adu. Sure; surely. See

the temperate regions of both hemispheres. Here is a double signifiatory of the spirit, a word

Several species are British, which are known SICKER. asd a sign.

Ter. Taylor
Sikerly.t adv. Surely; securely. Chaucer.

by the names of campion and catch-fly. Significavit (sig'ni-fi-kā"vit), n. [Third pers. Sikernesst (sik'er-nes), n, Sureness; safety.

Many are cultivated in gardens as ornasing pret. ind. of L significo, to signify ] Sikh (sēk), n. One of an Indian commu

mental flowers. S. compacta or closeIn eccles. law, a writ, now obsolete, issuing nity, half religious, half military (founded

flowered catch-fly is one of the most beauout of Chancery upon certificate given by about A.D. 1500), which professes the purest

tiful of the genus S. inflata, or bladder. the ordinary of a man's standing excom Deism, and is chiefly distinguished from the

campion, is edible. The young shoots boiled manicate by the space of forty days, for the Hindus by worshipping one only invisible

are a good substitute for green peas or askeeping him in prison till he submit him God. They founded a state in the Punjaub

paragus. sell to the authority of the church. Whar-| about the end of the eighteenth century,

Silent (si'lent), a. (L. silens, silentis, ppr. which was annexed to the British Empire in

of sileo. See SILENCE, n.) 1. Not speaking; Signify (sig'ni-1), v.t. pret. & pp. signified; India in 1849. Written also Seik.

mute; dumb; speechless. pir. agnifying. (Fr. signifier, from L. sig- Silaus (si'la-us), n. (A name given to an O my God, I cry in the daytime, but thou hearest Bylosirum, a sign, and facio, to make.) umbelliferous plant by Pliny.) A genus of

not; and in the night season, and am not silent. 1. To make known by signs or words; to plants, nat. order Umbelliferae. They are

Ps. xxii. 2.

Her eyes are homes of silent prayer. express or communicate to another by words, tall perennial herbs, with finely divided

Tennyson.

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the north side of the equator; and the other signal (sig'nal), v.t. pret. & pp. signalled; | very generally used for signatures.-5. An six, commencing with Libra, are called ppr. signalling. 1. To communicate or make external mark or figure by which physiogsouthern signs, because they lie on the south known by a signal or by signals; as, to sig. nomists pretend to discover the temper and side of the equator. The six beginning with nal orders; a vessel signals its arrival. - character of persons.-6. In music, the signs Capricornus are called ascending sigms, be 2. To make signals to; as, the vessel sig. placed at the comniencement of a piece of cause the sun passes through them while nalled the forts.-3. To mark advancing from the winter to the summer sol with a sign. Layard. stice, and is consequently acquiring altitude | Signal (sig'nal), v.i. 1. To with respect to inhabitants of the northern give a signal or signals.hemisphere. The other six, beginning with 12. To be a sign or omen. Cancer, are called descending signs, because Signal-box (sig'nal-boks), n. the sun in passing through them dimipishes A small house, often of wood, his altitude with respect to inhabitants of in which railway signals are the northern hemisphere. These names are I worked.

Key and Time Signatures on the Treble and Bass Clefs. borrowed from the constellations of the Signal-fire (sig'nal - fir), n. zodiac of the same denomination, which | A fire intended for a signal.

1. Key of C; two minims (or their equivalents) in the bar. 2. Key

of G; four crotchets in the bar. 3. Key of D; two crotchets in the were respectively comprehended within the | Signalist (sig'nal-ist), n. One

bar. 4. Key of F: three minims in the bar. 5. Key of B fiat: foregoing equal divisions of the ecliptic at who makes signals.

three crotchets in the bar, the time when those divisions were first Signality t (sig-nal'i-ti). n. made; but on account of the precession of Quality of being signal or remarkable. Sir music. There are two kinds of signatures, the equinoxes the positions of these con- T. Browne.

the time signature and the key signature. stellations in the heavens no longer corre Signalize (sig'nal-iz), v.t. pret. & pp. signal The key signature, including the clefs, is spoud with the divisions of the ecliptic of ized; ppr. signalizing. [From signal.] 1. To usually written on every stave; and the the same name, but are considerably in ad make remarkable or eminent; to render sharps or flats there occurring affect all vance of them. Thus the constellation distinguished from what is common : com notes of that degree (with their oetaves) Aries is now in that part of the ecliptic monly used reflexively with the pronouns throughout the piece. The time signature called Taurus. - 12. In arith. and math, a myself, himself, themselves, and the like, or is only placed at the beginning of the first character indicating the relation of quan with some noun so closely connected with line and where changes occur. It indicates tities, or an operation performed by them; the subject as to be almost equivalent to a the number of aliquot parts into which the as the sign + (plus) prefixed to a quantity reflexive pronoun; as, the soldier signalized bar is divided.-7. In Scots law, a writing indicates that the quantity is to be added; himself; he signalized his reign by many formerly prepared and presented by a the sign - (minus) denotes that the quantity | glorious acts. Having signalized his valour writer to the signet to the baron of exto which it is prefixed is to be subtracted. and fortune in defence of his country.' chequer, as the ground of a royal grant to The former is prefixed to quantities called

the person in whose name it was presented; affirmative or positive; the latter to quan It is this passion which drives men to all the ways

which having. in the case of an original tities called negative. The sign x sinto) we see in use of signalising themselves. Burke. charter, the sign-manual of the sovereign. stands for multiplication, → [divided by] 2. To make signals to; to indicate by a sig

and in other cases the cachet, appointed by for division, V for the square root, 3 for

the act of union for Scotland, attached to nal; to signal. (Not in good use.)

it. became the warrant of a conveyance the cube root, " for the nth root, &c. The Signal-lamp (sig'nal-lamp), n. A railway

under one or other of the seals, according signs denoting a relation are, = equal to. lamp, with a bull's-eye in it, made to give out light of different colours as signals.

to the nature of the subject or the object > greater than, < less than, &c.-13. In

in view. | Signal-light (sig'nal-līt), n. A light shown med. an appearance or symptom in the as a signal.

Signaturet (sig'na-tür), v.t. To mark out; human body, which indicates its condition signally (sig'nal-li), adv. In a signal man

to distinguish. Dr. G. Cheyne. as to health or disease.-14. In music, any ner; eminently; remarkably; memorably;

Signaturist (sig'na-tür-ist), n. One who character, as a flat, sharp, dot, &c. - SYN. as, their plot failed siomally.

holds to the doctrine of signatures impressed Token, mark, note, symptom, indication, Signal-man (sig'nal-man), 12. One whose

upon objects, indicative of character or symbol, type, omen, prognostic, presage,

qualities. Sir T. Browne. duty it is to convey intelligence, notice, manifestation. warning, &c., by means of signals.

Sign-board (sin'bord), n. A board on which Sign (sin), v.t. 1. To express by a sign: to Signalment (sig'nal-ment), n. 1. The act of

a man sets a notice of his occupation or of make known in a typical or emblematical signalling. -2. A description by means of

articles for sale. manner, in distinction from speech; to sig.

peculiar or appropriate marks. E. B. Brown

Signet (sin), v.t. To assign; to appoint; to nify; as, to sign our acceptance of some

allot. Chaucer. ing. thing by a gesture.-2. To make a sign upon; | Signal-post (sig'nal-post), n. A post or pole

Signer (sin'ér), n. One who signs, especially to mark with a sign or symbol.

one who signs or subscribes his name; as, a for displaying flags, lamps, &c., as signals. We receive this child into the congregation of Signatary (sig na-ta-ri), n. and a. Same as

memorial with 100 signers. Christ's flock, and do sign him with the sign of the Signatory.

Signet (sig'net), n. [O. Fr. signet, dim. of cross, in token that hereafter he shall not be ashamed to confess the faith of Christ crucified, Signationt (sig-na'shon), n. Sign given; act

signe, a sign. See SIGN.) A seal; particu

larly, in England, one of the seals for the Common Prayer. of betokening. Sir T. Browne.

authentication of royal grants. The signet, 3. To affix a signature to, as to a writing or Signatory (sig'na-to-ri), a. 1. Relating to

in Scotland, is a seal by which royal wardeed; to mark and ratify by writing one's a seal; used in sealing. -- 2. Setting & signame; to subscribe in one's own handwrit nature to a document; signing; specifically

rants for the purpose of justice seem to have ing. "To sign these papers.' Dryden. applied to the head or representative of a

been at one time authenticated. Hence the

title of clerks to the signet or writers to the Give him this deed and let him sign it.

state who signs a public document, as a
Shak.
treaty; as, the parties signatory to the Treaty

signet, a class of legal practitioners in Edin4. To convey formally; to assign.-5. To | of Paris. Written also Signatary and Sig.

burgh who formerly had important prividress or array in insignia. 'Thy hunters nitary.

leges, which are now nearly abolished. They stand signed in thy spoil.' Shak. --6. To Signatory (sig'na-to-ri), n. One who signs;

act generally as agents or attorneys in conmake known; to betoken; to denote. specifically, the head or representative of a

ducting causes before the Court of Session. You sign your place and calling, in full seeming, state who signs a public document, as a

--Clerk of the signet, an officer in England, With meekness and humility. Shak.

continually in attendance upon the princitreaty. Sign (sin), v.i. 1.4 To be a sign or omen. If the Grand Duke called upon the signatories of

pal secretary of state, who has the custody

of the privy signet. Shak. – 2. To make a sign or signal; as, he

the treaty to fulfil the guarantee of neutrality con

tained in it, grave questions would undoubtedly arise. signed to me to advance.

Signeted (sig'net-ed), a. Stamped or marked

Times nous paper. with a signet. Signable (sin'a-bl), a. Capable of being

Signature (sigʻna-tūr), n. [Fr., L.L. signa- | Signet-ring (sigʻnet-ring), n. A ring consigned ; requiring to be signed; as, a deed

tura, from L. signo, to sign.] 1. A sign, taining a signet or private seal. signable by AB

stamp, or mark impressed. The brain being Signifert (sig'ni-fer), n. (L. signum, a sign, Signal (sig'nal), n. (Fr, signal, L.L. signale,

well furnished with various traces, signa- and fero, to bear.] The zodiac. Chaucer. from L. signum. See SIGN.] 1. A sign that

tures, and images.' Watts. The natural signifiaunce,t n. Signification. Chaucer. gives or is intended to give notice of some

and indelible signature of God, stamped on Significt (sig-nif'ik), a. Significant. Chauthing to some person, especially from a dis

the human soul.' Bentley.-2. Especially, cer. tance. Signals are used to communicate the name of any person written with his own Significance,

cancy (sig-nif'i-kans, information, orders, and the like, to persons

hand, employed to signify that the writing sig-nif'i-kan-si), n. (See SIGNIFICANT.] at a distance, and by any persons and for any

which precedes accords with his wishes or 1. Meaning; import; that which is intended purpose. A signal may be a motion of the

intentions.--3. In old med. an external mark to be expressed. hand, the raising of a flag, the showing of

or character on a plant, which was supposed lights of various colours, the firing of a gun,

If he declares he intends it for the honour of an. to indicate its suitableness to cure particu. other, he takes away by his words the significance the ringing of a bell, the beating of a drum, lar disease, or diseases of particular parts. of his action.

Bp. Stilling ect. the sounding of a bugle, or anything which

Thus plants with yellow flowers were supwill be understood by the persons intended.

Hence-2. The real import of anything, as
posed to be adapted to the cure of jaun-
Stir not until the signal.
Shak,

opposed to that which appears; the internal dice, &c.

and true sense, as contradistinguished from 2. Sign; token; indication.

Some plants bear a very evident signature of their

the external and partial. Meantime, in signal of my love to thee, .

nature and use,

Dr. H. More. Will I upon thy party wear this rose. Shak. 4. In printing, a letter or figure at the bot

Our spirits have climbed high

By reason of the passion of our grief, Signal (sig'nal), a. Distinguished from what tom of the first page of a sheet or half sheet, And, from the top of sense, looked over sense,

is ordinary; eminent; remarkable; notable; by which the sheets are distinguished and To the significance and heart of things as, a signal failure; a signal exploit; a signal their order designated, as a direction to the Rather than things themselves. E. B. Browning, service; a signal act of benevolence.

binder. In older books, when the sheets 3. Expressiveness; impressiveness ; force: As signal now in low dejected state,

are more numerous than the letters of the power of impressing the mind; as, a duty As erst in highest, behold him where he lies. alphabet, a small letter is added to the capi

enjoined with particular significance. Milton, tal one, as A a, B b; but afterwards a figure SYN. Eminent. remarkable, memorable, ex

I have been admiring the wonderful signifancy before the letter came to be used, as 1 A,

of that word persecution, and what various interpretraordinary, notable, conspicuous. 2 A. In modern printing figures only are tations it hath acquired.

Swift.

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4 Importance; moment; weight; conse gestures, &c.; as, he signified to me his in leaves and umbels of white or yellowish quence tention.

flowers, natives of Europe and Asia S. praMany a circunstance of less rinificancy has been

Then Paul ... entered into the temple, to signify tensis (meadow-pepper saxifrage) is found in construed into an overt act of high treason. the accomplishinent of the days of purification.

damp and moist places in England, other Addison.

Acts xxii. 26.

parts of Europe, and Siberia. The whole Significant (sig.nifi-kant). a. [L. signifi 2. To give notice; to announce; to impart;

plant has an unpleasant smell when bruised, ons, significantis, ppr. of significo. See to declare; to proclaim.

and cattle generally avoid it in pastures. SIGNIFY) 1 Serving to signify something; My friend Stephano, signily, I pray you,

Sile (sil), n. (Sw. sil, a strainer: sila, to fitted or intended to signify something; as, Within the house, your mistress is at hand. Shak.

strain, to sift; L. G. sielen, to draw off water; (a) bearing a meaning; expressing or con 3. To mean; to have or contain a certain akin silt.) A sieve; a strainer. [Old and taining signification or sense; as, a signifi

sense; to import; as, in Latin 'amo' signifies Provincial English and Scotch.) ant word or sound. (6) Expressive in an 'I love.'-4. To suggest as being intended; Sile (sil), v.t. To strain, as fresh milk from eminent degree; forcible. to indicate.

the cow. (Old and Provincial English and Comenoa life is fall of this kind of signifiant ex Let him have some plaster, or some loam, or

Scotch.) pressions.

Holder.

Some rough-cast about him, to signify wall. Shak. Sile (sil), v.i. To flow down; to drop : to (c) Expressive or suggestive of something 5. To weigh; to matter: used almost in

gh: to matter: used almost in fall. [Provincial.) more than what appears; meaning; as, to transitively in particular phrases; as, it

Sileneæ (si-lē'ne-e), n. plur. [From Silene.] give a person & significant look. (d) Be signifies much or little; it signifies nothing; A tribe of Caryophyllaceae, the members of tokening something; representative of some what does it signify?

which have a tubular calyx and petals with thing, standing as a sign of something.

What signifies the people's consent in making and

claws. See CARYOPHYLLACEÆ.

Silence (si'lens), n repealing laws, if the person who administers hath It was well said of Plotinus, that the stars were sig

(Fr. silence, from L. 8iKant, but not efficient

Raleigh.
no tie!

Swift. lentium, silence, from sileo, to be still, to To add to religious duties such rites and cere

And whether coldness, pride, or virtue dignify be silent; comp. Goth. silan, anasilan, to sosies as are significant, is to institute new sacra

A woman-so she's good, what can it signify ! be silent.] 1. The condition prevailing when Hooker.

Byron.

everything is silent; stillness or entire abSYN. To express, manifest, declare, utter, 2. Important; momentous; as, a significant

sence of sound or noise; as, the silence of intimate, betoken, denote, imply, mean.

midnight. The night's dead silence.' Shak. event

Signify (sigʻni-fi), v.i. To express meaning Significantt (sig-Dif'i-kant), » That which

There was silence deep as death; with force. If the words be but comely

And the boldest held his breath, is significant;' a token. Shal. and signifying.' B. Jonson. [Rare.)

For a time.

Campbell. Significantly ( six-pif'i-kant-li), adv. In a Signior (sèn'yor). n. An English form of

2. The state of holding the peace; forbear. significant manner: (a) 50 As to convey the Italian Signore, Spanish Señor, a title of meaning or signification; (6) meaningly; ex

ance of speech in man or of noise in other respect equivalent to the English Sir or Mr.,

animals; taciturnity; muteness; as, to keep pressively: signifying more than merely ap the French Monsieur, and the German Herr.

silence; to listen in silence. pears

Written also Signor, Seignior. See SEIGNIOR. Significate (sig-nif'i-kat), n. In logic, one

Be check'd for silence, but never taxd for speech. Signiorizet (sēn'yor-iz), v.t. To exercise do

Shak. of several things signified by a common minion over; to lord it over. 'He that si

3. The refraining from speaking of or mak. term. Whately. gniorizeth hell.' Fairfax.

ing known something; secrecy; as, to reSignification (sig'ni-fi-kå"shon), n. (L. sig- signiorizet (sén'yor-iz), v.i. To exercise do.

ward a person for his silence.-4. Stillness; nificatia See SIGNIFY.] 1. The act of sig. minion, or to have dominion.

calmness; quiet; cessation of rage, agitation, nifying, or of making known by signs or

O'er whom, save heaven, nought could signiorise. or tumult; as, the elements reduced to siwords, or by anything that is understood.

Kyd. lence.-5. Absence of mention; oblivion; ob. Al speaking or signification of one's mind implies Signiory, Signory (sēn'yo-ri), n. 1. A prin

scurity. an act or address of one man to another. South cipality; a province.

Éternal silence be their doom, Milton. 2. That which is signified or expressed by

Through all the signiories it was the first,

A few more days, and this essay will follow the signs or words; meaning; import; sense ;

And Prospero the prime duke. Shak. Defensio Populi to the dust and silence of the upper

shelf. 2. The landed property of a lord; a domain; that which the person using a sign intends

Macaulay. to convey, or that which men in general who an estate; a manor.

Silence (si'lens), v.t. pret. & pp. silenced; use it understand it to convey. The signi Eating the bitter bread of banishment

ppr. silencing. To make silent; to put feation of words is dependent on usage; but Whilst you have fed upon my signiories. Shak. to silence; (a) to oblige to hold the peace; when eustom has annexed a certain sense 3. Government; dominion; power; seigniory.

to cause to cease speaking; as, to silence a to sound, or to a combination of sounds, * The inextinguishable thirst for signiory.'

loquacious speaker. this sense is always to be considered the Kyd. -- 4. A governing body. My services

To silence envious tongues: be just, and fear not. signification which the person using the

Let all the ends thou aim'st at be thy country's, which I have done the signiory.' Shak.Fords intends to communicate. So by cus

Thy God's and truth's.

Shak, 5.7 Seniority. The benefit of signiory.' tomn certain signs or gestures have a deterShak.

(6) To restrain in reference to liberty of mined signification. Such is the fact also Signitary (sig'ni-ta-ri), a. Same as Signa

speech; especially, to restrain from preachwith figures, algebraic characters, &c. tory.

ing by revoking a license to preach; as, to 3 That which signifies; a sign (Rare.) Sign - manual (sīn-man’ū-al), n. A signa

silence a minister of the gospel. Significative (sig-nif'i-kåt-iv), a. (Fr. signi. ture; the subscription of one's own name to

Is it therefore featif. See SIGNIFY.] 1. Betokening or a document; specifically, a royal signature,

The ambassador is silenced!

Shak. representing by an external sign; as, the which must be adhibited to all writs which

The silenc'd preacher yields to potent strain. amiácative symbols of the eucharist.

Pope. have to pass the privy seal or great seal.

(c) To cause to cease sounding; to stop the 2 Having signification or meaning; expres

Signor (sēn'yor), n. Same as Signior. sive of a meaning, sometimes strongly ex

noise or sound of; to make to cease. Signora (sēn-yo'ra), n. An Italian title of pressive of a certain idea or thing.

Silence that dreadful bell.

Shak, address or respect, equivalent to Madam, There is apparently a significative coincidence Mrs.

It is the little rift within the lute,

That by and by will make the music mute, between the establishment of the aristocratic and Signorina (sēn-yo-rē'na), n. An Italian title

And ever widening slowly silence all. oligarchical powers, and the diminution of the pro

Tennyson. sperity of the state.

of respect, equivalent to the English Miss
Ruskin.
and the French Mademoiselle.

(d) To still; to quiet; to restrain; to apSignificatively (sig-niffi-kät-iv-li), adv. In | Signory. Set SIGNIORY.

pease. Would have silenced their scruples.' a significative manner; so as to represent

Sign - painter (sin'pánt-ér), n. A painter | Daniel Rogers. or express by an external sign. of signs for tradesmen, &c.

This would silence all further opposition. Bread may be the body of Christ significatively, Sign-post (sin'post), nl. A post on which a

Clarendon. Abp. Ussher. Significativeness (sig-nif'i-kát-iv-nes ), n.

(e) To stop the noise of firing from; to make sign hangs. signum sig'num), n. (L.) In law, a cross

to cease firing, especially by a vigorous can. The quality of being significative. West. prefixed as a sign of assent and approbation

nonade; as, to silence guns or a battery. to a charter or deed.

Silence (si'lens), interj. Used elliptically for Significator (sig-nif'i-kát-er), n. One who Sike, t a. Such. Spenser.

let there be silence, or keep silence. or that which signifies or makes known by

Sike (sik). n. (Icel. sík.) A small stream of Silene (si-lēnē), n. (Origin doubtful.) An words, signs, &c. water; a rill; a marshy bottom with a small

extensive genus of plants belonging to the In this diagram there was one significator which stream in it. (Scotch and North of Eng.

natural order Caryophyllaceæ. The species pressed reinarkably upon our astrologer's attention. land.)

are in general herbaceous; the stems are Sir W. Scott,

leafy, jointed, branched, and frequently Significatory (sig-piffi-kā-to-ri), a. Having Sike, t a. Sick. Chaucer.

glutinous below each joint. The greatest Sike, tn. Sickness. Chaucer. siguification or meaning

proportion are inhabitants of the south of Significatory (sig-nif'i-ka-to-ri), n.

Sike, tv.i. To sigh. Chaucer,

That
which betokens, signifies, or represents.
Sike, t n.

Europe and north of Africa; many occur in
A sigh. Chaucer.
Sikert (sik'ér), a, or ado. Sure; surely. See

the temperate regions of both hemispheres. Here is a double significatory of the spirit, a word SICKER.

Several species are British, which are known and a sign.

Jer. Taylor.
Sikerly,t adv. Surely; securely. Chaucer.

by the names of campion and catch-fly. Significavit (sig'nl-A-kā" vit). n. (Third pers. Sikernesst (sik'er-nes), n. Sureness; safety.

Many are cultivated in gardens as ornasing, pret ind, of L significo, to signify.) Sikh (sēk), n. One of an Indian commu

mental flowers. S. compacta or closeIn eceles. laro, a writ, now obsolete, issuing nity, half religious, half military (founded

flowered catch-fly is one of the most beauout of Chancery upon certificate given by about A.D. 1500), which professes the purest

tiful of the genus. S. inflata, or bladderthe ordinary of a man's standing excom Deism, and is chiefly distinguished from the campion, is edible. The young shoots boiled ognicate by the space of forty days, for the Hindus by worshipping one only invisible

are a good substitute for green peas or as. keeping him in prison till he submit him God. They founded a state in the Punjaub

paragus. self to the authority of the church. Whar about the end of the eighteenth century. Silent (silent), a. (L. silens, silentis. ppr. which was annexed to the British Empire in

of sileo. See SILENCE, n.] 1. Not speaking; Signify (sig'ni-n), v.t. pret, & pp. sigmified; India in 1849. Written also Seik.

mute; dumb; speechless. popr. signifying. (Fr. signifier, from L. sig- | Silaus (si'la-us), n. (A name given to an O my God, I cry in the daytime, but thou hearest Aco-aiguum, a sign, and facio, to make.] umbelliferous plant by Pliny. ] A genus of not; and in the night season, and am not silent,

Ps. xxii. 2, 1. To make known by signs or words; to plants, nat. order Umbelliferae. They are

Her eyes are homes of silent prayer. eIpress or communicate to another by wor tall perennial herbs, with finely divided

Tennyson. ch, chain: ch, Sc. loch; 8. go; j. job; , Fr ton; ng, sing; FH, then; th, thin; w, wig; wh, whig; zh, azure.—See KEY.

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l

or

Silage to a silikoning with won), n, The

2. Habitually taciturn; speaking little; not inclined to much talking; not loquacious.

Ulysses, he adds, was the inost eloquent and the most silent of men,

W. Broome.
3. Not mentioning or proclaiming; making
no noise or rumour.

This new created world, of which in hell
Fame is not silent.

Milton.
4. Perfectly quiet; still; free from sound or
noise; having or making no noise; as, the
silent watches of the night; the silent groves.
Sparkling in the silent waves.' Spenser.

But thou, most awful form! Risest from forth thy silent sea of pines, How silently.

* Coleridge. 5. Not operative; wanting efficacy. "Causes ... silent, virtueless, and dead.' Raleigh. 6. Not pronounced or expressed; having no sound in pronunciation; as,e is silent in fable. -Silent partner. Same as Dormant Partner. See under DORMANT.-Silent system, a system of prison discipline which imposes entire silence among the prisoners even when assembled together. -SYN. Dumb, mute, speechless, taciturn, soundless, voiceless, quiet, still. Silent (si'lent). n. Silence; silent period.

Deep night, dark night, the silent of the night. Shak. Silentiary (si-len'shi-a-ri), n. 1. One appointed to keep silence and order in a court of justice.-2. A privy-councillor; one sworn not to divulge secrets of state. Barrouo. Silentious (si-len'shus), a. Habitually si

lent; taciturn; reticent.
Silently (si'lent-li), adv. In a silent man-
ner; as, (a) without speech or words.

Each silently
Demands thy grace, and seems to watch thy eye.

Dryden. (6) Without noise; as, to march silently.

With tiptoe step vice silently succeeds. Cowper. (c) Without mention.

The difficulties remain still, till he can show who is meant by right heir; in all those cases the present possessor has no son: this he silently passes over. Silentness (si'lent-nes), n. State of being silent; stillness; silence.

The moonlight steeped in silentness,
The steady weathercock,

Coleridge.
Silenus (si - lēnus), n. [Gr. Silēnos.) A
Grecian divinity, the foster-father and at-
tendant of Bacchus, and likewise leader of
the satyrs. He was represented as a ro-
bust old man, generally in a state of intoxi-
cation, and riding on an ass carrying a can-
tharus or bottle.
Silerył (sil'ér-i), n. In arch. foliage carved

on the tops of pillars.
Silesia (si-lē'shi-a), n. A species of linen
cloth, so called from its being manufactured
originally in Silesia, a province of Prussia;
thin coarse linen.
Silesian (si-lē'shi-an), n. A native or in-

habitant of Silesia.
Silesian (si-lē'shi-an), a. Pertaining to Si-

lesia; made in Silesia; as, Silesian linen. Silex (si leks), n. [L] Same as Silica (which

see). Silhouette (silö-et), n. [From Etienne de Silhouette, French minister of finance in 1759, in derision of his economical attempts to reform the financial state of France while minister. Everything supposed to be excessively economical was then characterized as in Silhouette, the Silhouette style, and the term has been retained for this sort of portrait.] A name given to the representation of an object filled in of a black colour, the inner parts being sometimes indicated by lines of a lighter colour, and shadows or extreme depths by the aid of a heightening of gum or other shining medium. Silica (si'li-ka), n. [L silex, silicis, a flint.]

Oxide of silicon. This important substance constitutes the characteristic ingredient of a great variety of minerals, among which rock-crystal, quartz, chalcedony, and flint may be considered as nearly pure silica. It also predominates in many of the rocky masses which constitute the crust of our globe, such as granite, the varieties of sand stone, and quartz rock. It is the chief substance of which glass is made; also an ingredient, in a pulverized state, in the mannfacture of stoneware, and it is essential in the preparation of tenacious mortar, Silica, when pure, is a fine powder, hard, insipid, and

inodorous, rough to the touch, and scratches seen in the whitlow-grass, in the shepherd'sand wears away glass. It combines in definite purse, and in the horse-radish. Among the proportions with many salifiable bases, and algæ the name is given to a similar vessel. its various compounds are termed silicates. pod-like, oblong, conical, linear, or lanceoPlate - glass and window-glass, or, as it is late, transversely striated, and formed either commonly called, crown-glass, are silicates of transformed branches or portions of a of sodium or potassium, and fiint-glass is a branch. It is not quite certain that these similar compound, with a large addition of are connected with the reproduction of the silicate of lead. See SILICIO.

plant. See SILIQUA. Silicate (sil'i-kåt), n. A salt of silicic Silico - fluoric (sili-ko-flū-or"ik), a. The acid. Silicates formed by the union of silicic name of an acid, H, SiFe When silicic acid acid, or silica, with the bases alumina, lime, is dissolved by hydrofluoric acid a gas is promagnesia, potassa, soda, &c., constitute the duced which is colourless, fuming strongly greater number by far of the hard minerals in the air. It is absorbed by water and hywhich encrust the globe. The silicates of drated silicic acid is deposited, while an potash and soda, when heated to redness, acid is found in the water which is termed form glass.-Silicate paint, natural silica, silico-fluoric acid, or hydrofluosilicic acid. when dried and forming an almost impalp With bases this acid forms salts called silicoable powder, mixed with colours and o fluorides, which are nearly all insoluble. Unlike the ordinary lead paints, all the sili- Silico-fluoride(sil'i-ko-flů"or-id), n. (M.Sife) cate colours are non-poisonous. Silicate A salt of silico-fluoric acid. See SILICOwhite has great covering power, is not af. FLUORIC. fected by gases; and heat of 500° is suc Silicon (sil'i-kon), n. (From L silex, silicis, cessfully resisted.

a flint.) Sym. Si. At wt. 28. The nonSilicated (sil'i-kāt-ed), a. Coated, mixed, metallic element of which silica is the oxide. combined, or impregnated with silica. - Silicon may be obtained amorphous or crysSilicated soap, a mixture of silicate of soda talline. In the latter form it is very hard, and hard soap.

dark-brown, lustrous, and not readily oxidSilicatization (sil'i-kåt-iz-å"shon), n. The ized. It is insoluble in all ordinary acids, process of combining with silica so as to with the exception of hydrofluoric, Silicon change to a silicate,

unites with hydrogen, chlorine, &c., to form Siliceous, Silicious (si-lish'us), a. Per well-marked compounds. In its general taining to silica, containing it, or partaking analogies it closely resembles carbon. Called of its nature and qualities; as, siliceous also Silicium limestone; siliceous slate; siliceous nodules, | Silicula, Silicule (si-lik'ü-la, siļi-kūl), n. &c.-Siliceous cement, a hydraulic cement Same as Silicle. containing a certain proportion of a silicate. Siliculosa (si-lik'ü-lo"sa), n. pl. One of the -Siliceous earth, silica (which see).- Sili two orders into which Linnæns divided his ceous waters, such as contain silica in solu class Tetradynamia. It comprehends those tion, as many boiling springs.

plants which have a silicle. See SILICLE. Silicic (si - lis'ik), a. Of or pertaining to Siliculose. Siliculous (si-lik'ü-los, si-lik'üsilica; as, silicic ether; silicic acid.-Silicic lus), a. 1. Having silicles or pertaining to acid, an acid obtained by decomposing so them. -2. Full of or consisting of husks; dium silicate with hydrochloric acid and husky. Bailey. dialysing the liquid so obtained. Silicic siliginose. Siliginous t (si-lij'in-os, si-lijacid has not been obtained in the pure in-us). a. ÍL. siligo, siliginis, a very fine kind form, as it undergoes decomposition into

of white wheat. ) water and silica when heated. Many si

Made of white licic acids are believed to exist. The nor

wheat. Bailey, mal acid is H SiO

Siling-dish (sil'ingSilici-calcareous (si-lis'i-kal-kā"rē-us), a.

dish), n. (See SILE Consisting of silica and calcareous matter.

A colander; Siliciferous (sil-i-sif'er-us), a. (L. silex,

strainer. (Obsolete silicis, silex, and fero, to produce.) Pro

or local.) ducing silica, or united with a portion of

Siliqua (sil'i-kwa), n. silica.

PL Siliquæ (sil'iSilicification (si-lis'i-fi-kā"shon), n. Petri

kwē). [L. siliqua, a faction; the conversion of any substance

pod, also a very into stone by siliceous matter.

small weight. 1 1. In Silicify (si-lis'i-fi), v.t. pret. & pp. silicified;

bot, the long pod-like ppr. silicifying. (L. silex, silicis, flint, and

fruit of crucifers; facio, to make.] To convert into or petrify

kind of seed-vessel. by silica.

It is characterized

Siliqua or Pod.
Silicify (si-lis'i-fi), 0.i. To become silica; to

by dehiscing by two be impregnated with silica.

1,Mustard. 2,Wall-flower. valves which separSilicimurite (si-lis'i-mū"rit), n. [L. silex,

3. Do, opened, to show the

valves, replum or dissepi- are iroma central flint, and muria, brine.) An earth composed ment, and seeds.

portion called the of silica and magnesia.

replum. It is linSilicite (sil'i-sit), n. A variety of felspar, ear in form, and is always superior to the

consisting of 50 parts of silicic acid, alu calyx and corolla. The seeds are attached mina, lime, soda, and peroxide of iron. to two placente, which adhere to the reCalled also Labrador Spar and Labra plum, and are opposite to the lobes of the dorite. Dana.

stigma. Examples may be seen in the stock Silicited (si-lis'it-ed), a. Impregnated with or wall-flower, and in the cabbage, turnip. silica. Kiruan. Rare.)

and mustard.-2. A weight of 4 grains, used Silicium (si - lis'i-um), n. [L. silex, flint.) in weighing gold and precious stones; a See SILICON.

carat.
Siliciureted, Siliciuretted (si-lis'i-ū-ret- Siliquaria (sil-i-kwa'ri-a), n. A genus of
ed), a. In chem. combined or impregnated marine gasteropodous
with silicon.-Siliciureted hydrogen, a gas molluscs, found both fos-
composed of silicon and hydrogen, which sil and recent. The shell
takes fire spontaneously when in contact is tubular, spiral at its
with air, giving out a brilliant white light. beginning, continued in
Silicle (sil'i-kl), n. (L. silicula, dim. of an irregular form, divided
siliqua, a pod. Í In bot. a kind of seed laterally through its

whole length by a narrow
slit, and formed into
chambers by entire septa.
Recent siliquariæ have
been found in sponges.
Cuvier places the genus
in the order Tubulibran-
chiata.

Silique (si-lēk'), n. Some
Silicle or Pouch.

as Siliqua.

Siliquaria anguina. 1, Shepherd's- purse (Capsella bursa.pastoris ). Siliquella (sil-i-kwella), 2, Do, opened, to show the placentæ, the seeds, and n. In bot. a subordinate part of the fruit the two valves. 3, Vernal Whitlow-grass (Draba verna

of certain plants, as the poppy, consisting or Erophila vulgaris). 4. Do. opened, to show the valves, the disse piment, and the seeds. 5. Penny.

of a division or carpel and the two placress (Thlaspi arvense).

centæ.

Siliquiform (si-lik'wi-form), a. Having the vessel, in structure resembling a siliqua, form of a siliqua. but differing from it in being as broad as it Siliquosa (sil-i-kwo'sa), 12. pl. One of the two is long or broader. Examples of it may be orders into which Linnæus divided his class

[graphic]
[graphic]

Siliqine

und hole shell

su

TO

SILIQUOSE

SILT

Tetradynamia, the other being Siliculosa. Silktness (silk'i-nes), n. 1. The state or qua-
It comprehends those plants which have a lity of being silky; softness and smoothness
siliqus, as the cabbage, turnip, mustard, &c. to the feel. -2. Softness; effeminacy; pusil-
Siliquose. Siiquous (sil'i-kwós, sil'i-kwus), lanimity.-3. Smoothness of taste. The
& IL siliquos, from siliqua, a pod.) In claret had no silkiness.' Chesterfield
bot. bearing siliquæ; having that species of Silkman (silk'man), n. A dealer in silks.
pericarp called siliqua; as, siliquose plants. Master Smooth's the silkman.' Shak.
Suk (silk) n (A. Sax. Xeoloc, silk, for seric, Silk-mercer (silk'mér-sér), n. A dealer in
from L aericum, Gr. sérikon, silk, lit. Seric silks.
stuff, from Seres, the Greek name of the Silk-mill (silk'mil), n. A mill or factory for
Chinese ] 1. The fine, soft thread produced reeling, spinning, and manufacturing silk.
by the larvae of oumerous species belonging Silknesst (silk'nes), n. Silkiness. B.Jonson.
to the genus Bombyx and other genera of Silk-shag (silk'shag), n. A coarse, rough
the family Bombycidae, lepidopterous in woven silk, like plush. Simmonds.
sects of the section popularly known by the Silk-thrower, Silk-throwster (silk'thro-
name moth, the most important of which er, silk'thro-ster), n. One who winds, twists,
is the Bombym mori, or common silkworm, a spins, or throws silk, to prepare it for
native of the northern provinces of China weaving.
Silk is the strongest, most lustrous, and Silk-tree (silk'trē), n. An ornamental de-
most valuable of textile fabrics, and is a ciduous tree, the Acacia Julibrissin, a native
thread composed of several finer threads of the Levant.
which the worm draws from two large or suk - weaver (silk'wēv-ér), n. One whose
gans or glands, containing a viscid sub occupation is to weave silk stuffs.
stance, which extend along great part of the Suk-weed (silk'wēd), n. A plant, Asclepias
beais, and terminate in two spinnerets at Cornuti (or syriaca), nat. order Asclepia-
the mouth. With this substance the silk daceæ, the seed-vessels of which contain a
worm envelops itself, forming what is long silky down. Called also Milk-weed and
called a cocoon Raw silk is produced by Wild Cotton
the operation of winding off, at the same silk-worm (silk'werm), n. A worm which
time, several of the balls or cocoons (which produces silk, the larva of a lepidopterous
are immersed in hot water to soften the insect called the Bombyx mori, and of other
natural gum on the flament) on a common allied insects. (See BOMBYX.) The com-
reel, thereby forming one smooth even mon silk-worm feeds on the leaves of the
thread. Before it is fit for weaving it is mulberry; the B. Yama-mai of Japan and
converted into one of three forms, viz. B. Pernyi of North China feed on the oak:
singles, tram, or organzine. Singles (a col B. Cynthia feeds on the Ailanthus glandu-
lective noun) is formed of one of the reeled losa; and B. ricini on the cas-
threads, being twisted in order to give it tor-oil plant. A full-grown
strength and firmness. Tram is formed of silk-worm is about 3
two or more threads twisted together. In inches long. The co-
this state it is commonly used in weaving, coon, or case of
as the shoot or ice ft. Thrown silk is formed
of one, two, three, or more singles, accord-
ing to the substance required, twisted to-
gether in a contrary direction to that in
which the singles of which it is composed
are twisted. The silk so twisted is called
orgonzine. Spun silk is waste silk, pierced
Cocoons, floss, &c., dressed, combed, formed
into rovings, and spun by processes and on
machinery analogous to that used in the
worsted manufacture. -Tussah silk, a term
applied to the raw silk produced by a
variety of moths other than the ordinary
silkworm, Bombyx inori.-2. Cloth made of Silk-worm-Larva, Chrysalis, and Cocoon.
silk. In this sense the word has a plural,
atka, denoting different sorts and varieties; silky fibre which it spins round its body, is
as, black el, white silk, coloured silks. intended for a receptacle in which it may

Fie caused the shore to be covered with Persian change to the chrysalis state, and from
riit for him to tread upon.

Knalles which it will finally emerge as the perfect 3 A garment made of silk.

insect. The cocoon is about the size of a She bethought her of a faded silk. Tennyson.

pigeon's egg. See SILK. -Silk-worm gut, a

substance prepared from the silky secre4 (United States.) A name given to the fili

tion of the caterpillars of the ordinary silkform style of the female flower of maize,

worm, and constituting the lustrous,exceedfrom its resemblance to real silk in fineness

ingly strong line so well known to anglers and softness. - Virginia silk, a climbing

under the name of gut.'-Silk-worm rot, plant of the genus Periploca (P. græca),

a fungous plant or mould, the Botrytis bashaving the seed covered with a silky tuft.

siana, which kills silk-worms in great numSilk (silk), a. Made of silk; silken. 'Silk

bers; muscardine. stockings.' Shak. -Silk gouon, the technical

Silky (silk'i), a. 1. Made of silk; consisting name given to the canonical robe of a

of silk; silken. In silky folds each nervous queen's counsel, differing from that of an

limb disguise.' Shenstone. - 2. Like silk: ordinary barrister in being made of silk and

soft and smooth to the touch; delicate; Dot of stuff; hence, the counsel himself.

tender. - 3. Applied to the surface of a Mr. Blowers, the eminent silk-gouen.' Dick

plant when it is covered with long, very ene - To tale silk, to attain the rank of qDeep's counsel

slender, close- pressed, glistening hairs;

sericeous. silk-cotton (silkkot-tn), 11. A short, silky

Sill (sil), n. [A. Sax. syl, syll, a base, founand elastic fibre surrounding the seeds of

dation, sill; Icel. syll (also svill), a sill of a the genus Bombax, and some other trees.

door or window; Sw. syll (also swill), a founIt is used for stuffing mattresses, for cover

dation, a sill: 0.H.G. suelli, G. schwelle, a ing hat bodies, &c. -Silk-cotton tree, a tree

threshold, Goth. sulja, a sole, a sill, gasuljan, of the geous Bombax (which see).

to lay a foundation. Perhaps from same Silk-dresser (silk dres-ér), n. One employed

root as L. solum, the ground, a base or in dressing or stiffening and smoothing silk. Saninonds.

foundation, solidus, solid; but the forms

with v or 16 point rather to root swar, seen Silken (silk'n), a. (A. Sax. seoleen.) 1. Made

in O. H. G. swari, G. schwer, heavy; L. servus, of silk; as, wilken cloth; a silken veil. A

a slave; Lith. svaras, weight.] 1. A block sitten thread' Shak.-2. Like silk; soft to

forming a basis or foundation; a stone or the touch; hence, delicate; tender: smooth.

a piece of timber on which a structure rests; Stken terms precise.' Shak. - 3. Dressed in silk 'A cocker'd silken wanton.' Shak.

as, the sills of a house, of a bridge, of a

loom, and the like; more specifically, the Sitten (silk'n), ul. To make like silk; to

horizontal piece of timber or stone at the Dender soft or smooth. *Silkening their fleeces' John Dyet.

bottom of a framed case, such as that of a

door or window.-Ground sills, the timbers Sulk - fowl (silk'soul), 11. A variety of the domestic fowl with silky plumage.

on the ground which support the posts and

superstructure of a timber building.-Sills The st.fond breeds true, and there is reason to

of the ports, port-sills, in ship-building, pieces pelice B a very ancient race; but when I reared a pe unber of mongrels from a silk-hen by a Span

of timber let in horizontally between the cock, not one exhibited even a trace of the 50 frames, to form the upper and lower sides led sukiness.

Darwin, of the ports.--2. In fort. the inner edge of Silk-ben (silk hen), n. The female silk-fowl the bottom or sole of an embrasure.-3. In (which see)

mining, the floor of a gallery or passage in

a mine.-4. The shaft or thill of a carriage. (Provincial English. si (sil), . (Icel. sil, a fish allied to the herring.) The young of a herring. (Provincial English.) Sillabub (silía-bub), n. (From O. and Prov. E. sile, syle, to milk a cow (see SILE), and bub, a kind of liquor.) A dish made by mixing wine or cider with cream or milk, and thus

forming a soft curd. Siller (sil'ér), n. Silver; money. (Scotch.) Sillery (sil'ér-i), n. (From the Marquis of Sillery, the owner of the vineyards yielding this wine. A non-sparkling champagne wine, of an esteemed kind. Sillik (sillik), n. See SILLOCK. Sillily (sil'li-li). adv. In a silly manner; foolishly; without the exercise of good sense or judgment. We are caught as sillily as the bird in the net.

Sir R. L'Estrange. Sillimanite (silli-man-it). n. A mineral found in Saybrook in Connecticut, so named in honour of Professor Silliman, the American savant. It is a silicate of alumina, and occurs in long, slender, rhombic prisms, engaged in gneiss. Its colour is dark gray and brown; lustre shining upon the external planes, but brilliant and pseudo-metallic upon those produced by cleavage in a direction parallel with the longer diagonal of the prism. It is identical in composition with andalusite and kyanite. Silliness (silli-nes), n. The quality of being silly; weakness of understanding; want of sound sense or judgment; simplicity; folly.

It is silliness to live when to live is torment. Shak. Sillock (sil'ok), n. (Dim. of prov. sill, a young herring. See SILL.] The name given in the Orkney Islands to the fry of the coal-fish, a congener of the cod. Also spelled Silloc, Sillik, and Sellok. Sillon (sil'lon), n. (Fr.) In fort. a work

raised in the middle of a ditch, to defend it
when it is too wide.
Silly (sil'li), a. (0.E. seely, sely, A. Sax. scliy,
happy, prosperous, blessed; Icel sælligr, G.
selig, happy, blessed; from A. Sax. sal, Icel.
sæll, Goth. sels, good, prosperous, happy.
The development of meaning-prosperous,
blessed, good, simple, silly-presents no diffi-
culty) 1. Happy; fortunate. Wickliffe.--
2. Plain; simple; rude; rustic.

There was a fourth man, in a silly habit,
That gave the affront with them.

Shak.
3. Harmless: simple: guileless; innocent; in-
offensive. (Obsolete or obsolescent.)

But yet he could not keep Here with the shepherds and the silly sheep.

Malt, Arnold 4. Weak; impotent; helpless; frail. My silly bark.' Spenser. (Obs. or provincial.1-5. Foolish, as a term of pity, destitute of strength of mind; weak in intellect; poor; witless; simple. The silly queen, with more than love's good will, Forbade the boy.

Shak. 6. Foolish, as a term of contempt; characterized by weakness or folly; proceeding from want of understanding or common judgment; showing folly ; unwise ; stupid; as, a silly fellow; very silly conduct.

This is the silliest stuff that ever I heard. Shak, 7. Fatuous; imbecile; having weakness of mind approaching to idiocy. Sir W. Scott. (Scotch.-8. Weak in body; not in good health. [Scotch.) Sillyhow (sil'li - hou), n. (A. Sax. sælig, happy, prosperous, and húfe, a hood.] The membrane that covers the head of the fetus: a caul. See CAUL. [Old English and Scotch.) Sulphidae (sillf-de). 12. pl. A family of coleopterous insects, belonging to the section Pentamera, and sub-section Necrophaga, having five distinct joints in all the tarsi, and the mandibles terminated in an entire point, and not notched. These insects subsist upon putrefying substances. The most interesting genus is Necrophorus, which contains the sexton-beetles or burying-beetles. The carrion-beetle belongs to the genus Silpha. See NECROPHORUS. sut (silt), n. (From stem of Prov. E. and Sc. sile, to strain or filter. See SILE.) A deposit of mud or fine soil from running or standing water; fine earthy sediment; as, a harbour choked up with silt. In long process of time the silt and sands shall so choak and shallow the sea.' Sir T. Browne. Silt (silt), v.t. To choke, fill, or obstruct with silt or mud: often with up; as, the channel got silted up.

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which, to the aceptacle and its boda

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