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rugt, a sigh. zugten, to sigh; G. gevfzen. All probably imitative: romp, sough, noise of the wind, as among trees, Sc. gov/, to breathe heavily or deeply ] 1. To make a deep single respiration, as the result or involuntary expression of grief, sorrow, or the like; hence, to grieve; to mourn; to complain.

He iv't^l'-tp'y in his spirit. Mark viii, 12.
To sigh
To the winds whose pity, sighing back again.
Did Uj but loving wrong. Shak.

1 To utter or give expression to a sound like, or suggestive of, a sigh. 'Whenever a March wind right.' Tennyson.—To sigh for, to long or wish ardently for.

Long have I sighed far a calm. Tennyson.

Sigh (si), v.t. 1. To emit or exhale in sighs. 'Sever mantwrVd truer breath.' Shak.— S. To lament; to mourn.

Ages to come and men unborn

Shall blest her iwrac arid sigh her fate. Prior.

%. To express by sighs.

The gentle swain sighs back her grief. Hocle.

■4. Vied with an adverb or prepositional expression, to denote an effect In such a night Trnilas methinks mounted the Troyan wall* And sigh'd bis soul toward the Grecian tents.


Sigh (si), n. A single deep involuntary respiration; the inhaling of a larger quantity of air than usual and the sudden emission of it; a simple respiration modified by mental conditions, and giving involuntary expression of fatigue, or some depressing emotion, as grief, sorrow, anxiety, or the like. My sighs are many, and my heart is faint.

Lain. i. aa,

Slgher (si'er), ». One who sighs. 'A sigher to l*e comforted.* Beau. *fc FL

Sighingly (silng-li), adv. With sighing.

Bight tJBtl* [A. Sax. xiht, ge*iht.Q.G.siht, Mod. G. richt, Dan. and Sw. xigte; from root of tee.) 1. The act of seeing; perception of objects by the eye; view; as, to gain sight of land; to lose sight of a person. A cloud received him out of their sight. Acts i. 9. A sigh/of you. Mr. 11.. is good for sore eyes.


% The power of seeing; the faculty of vision, or of perceiving objects by the instrumentality of the eyes; a*, to lose one's sight.

Tby right is young and thou shale read. S\r\t_ O loss at sight, of thee 1 most complain. Milton. % Range of unobstructed vision; space or limit to which the power of seeing extends; open view; visibility.

Hostile Troy was ever full in sight. Pope.

K, Notice, judgment, or opinion from seeing;

knowledge; view; estimation; consideration.

Let my life ... be precious in thy sight,

a Ki 1. 13.

6 Inspection; examinntion; as, a letter intended for your sight only. —6. The eye or eyea.

Fttira the depth of hell they lift their sifkt. Dryden.

7- That which is beheld; a spectacle; a Bhow; particularly, something novel and remarkable; something wonderful or worth seeing; a&, to see the sights of a town.

Tbey never saw a fight so fair. Spenser. Moses said, I will now turn aside and see this great right, why the bush is not burned. Hxod. itL 3.

& A small aperture through which objects are to be seen, and by which the direction U settled or ascertained; as, the sight of a quadrant —9. A smalt piece of metal near the muzzle, or another uear the breech, of a firearm, as a rifle, cannon, &c, to aid the eye in taking aim—10. A great many; a multitu-le iColloq]

Very many colloquialisms current in America but not now used in England, and generally supposed to be Americanisms, are, after all, of good old British family, and people from the Eastern States, who are * . nrnes ridiculed for talking of a sight of people, may find comfort in learning that the famous old rma:e, the prose ' Morte d'Arthur,' uses this word for mmlrttHde, and that the high-born dame. Juliana Bero-m, lady prioress of the nunnery of Sopwell in Cte fifteenth century, informs us that in her time a tassjisssHf syght fif monkgs was elegant English for a large company of friar*. G. P. Marsh.

At tight, after sight, terms applied to bills or notes payable on or after presentation — To take right, to take aim; to look for the purpose of directing a piece of artillery, Ac. —Field of right. Same as Field of Vision. -*ae Field.Stn. Vision, view, show, spectacle, representation, exhibition. Sight '•:'.'. v.t 1. To get sight of; to come in sight of; to see; to perceive; as, to sight the if. I —1 To look at or examine through a sight; to see accurately; as, to sight a star.

3. To give the proper elevation and direction to by means of a Bight; as, to sight a rifle or cannon.

Sight, r Sight©, t Sighed. Chaucer.

Slight (sit), v.t. To look along or through the sight or sights of an instrument; to take aim by means of a sight or Bights, as with a rifle; to take sight.

Sight-draft (sit'draft). n, In com. a draft payable at sight or on presentation.

Sighted (sifed), a. 1. Having sight or seeing in a particular manner: used chiefly or exclusively in composition; as, long-sighted, seeing at a great distance; short-sighted, aide to Bee only at a small distance; quick-sighted, readily seeing, discerning, or understanding; sharp-sighted, having a keen eye or acute discernment.—2. Having a flight or sights; aa, a rifle sighted for 1000 yards.

Sightfult (sifful). a. Visible; perspicuous.

Sightfulnesst (sit'ful-nes), n, Clearness of sight

Let us not wink, though void of purest sightfnlness. Sir P. Sidney.

Sight-hole (sifhol), n. Ahole to see through.

Sighting-shot (sit'iug-shot). n. A shot made for the purpose of ascertaining if a firearm is properly sighted; a trial shot allowed to each shooter previous to marking his score.

Sightless.(sffles), a. 1. Wanting sight; blind. 'Of all who blindly creep, or sightless Bout.' Pope. 'SightlessMilton.' Wordsicorth.—2.i Offensive or unpleasing to the eye. 'Full of unpleasing blots, and sightless stains.' Shak.— 3.f Not appearing to sight; invisible.

Heav'n's cherubim horsed Upon the sightless coursers of the air. Shak.

Sightlessly (sifles-li), ado. In a sightless

manner. Sightlessness (sif les-nes), n. The state of

being sightless; want of sight. Sightliness (sitli-nes), n. The state of being

sightly; comeliness; an appearance pleasing

to the sight.

Class eyes may be used, though not for seeing, for sightliness. Fuller.

Sightly (rit'H), a. rleasing to the eye; striking to the view. 'Many brave sightly horses. Sir R. U Estrange.

Sight-seeing (sit'sedng), n. The act of seeing sights; eagerness for novel or curious sights.

Sight-seer (sit'se-er), n. One who is fond of or who goes to see sights or curiosities; as, the streets were crowded with eager sight-seer*.

Sight-shot (sifshot), n. Distance to which the sight can reach; range of sight; eye-shot Cowley. [Rare.]

Sightsman (sits'man), n. In music, one who reads music readily at first sight.

Sigil (sij'il), n. [L. sigilhim, dim. of signum, a sign. ] A seal; signature; an occult sign. 'Sigils framed in planetary hours.' Dryden.

Slglllaria (sij-il-la'ri-a). n. [L. sigUtum, a seal.) The name given to certain large forms of plants, discovered in the coal formation, which have no representatives in present vegetation. They were so named by M. Brongniart, from the leaf-scars on their fluted stemB, which resemble so many seal impressions on the raised fiutings. The

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Sigla(signa),».jj?. [L ] Thesigns.characters, abbreviations, or letters used for words in ancient manuscripts, printing, coins,medals, and the like.

Sigma (sig'ma), n. The name of the Greek letter 1', «■, *-, equivalent to our S.

Slgmodon (sig'mo-don), n. [Gr. sigma, the letter *, and odoun, odontos, a tooth.] A

fen us of small rodent mammalsof the family Luridae, and subfamily Arvicolinse. Only one species (S. hisptdum) is known, about C inches long. It is a native of Florida, and very destructive to the crops.

Sigmoid, Sigmoids! (sig'moid. sig-moi'dal), a. [Gr. sigma, and eidos, resemblance.] Curved like the letter sigma. In anat. a term applied to several parts, as the valves of the heart, the cartilages of the trachea, the semilunar cavities of the bones, and the flexure of the colon. The sigmoid flexure is the last curve of the colon, uefore it terminates in the rectum.

Sign (sin), n. [Fr. signe, from L. signum, a mark, a sign, of which the dim. is sigillum, hence seal. See Seal] 1. That by which anything is shown, made known, or represented; any visible thing, any motion, appearance, or event which indicates the existence or approach of something else; a token; a mark; an indication; a proof; as, signs of fair weather or a storm; a sign of rain.

O ye hypocrites, ye can discern the face of the sky; but can ye not discern the signs of the times?

Mat. xvi. %

2. A motion, action, or gesture by which a thought is expressed, a wish made known, or a command given; hence, one of the natural or conventional gestures by which intelligence is communicated, or conversation carried on, as by deaf-mutes.

They made signi to his father, how lie would have him called. Luke i. 6a.

3. A remarkable event considered by the ancients as indicating the will of a deity; a prodigy; an omen.—4. Auy remarkable transaction, event, or phenomenon regarded as indicating the divine will, or as manifesting an interposition of the divine power for some special end; a miracle; a wonder.

Except ye see signs and wonders, ye will not believe. John iv. 48.

6. Something serving to indicate the existence or preserve the memory of a thing; a memorial; a token; a monument.

The fire devoured two hundred and fifty men; and they became a sign. Num. xxvi. to.

6. Any symbol or emblem which prefigures, typifies, or represents an idea; hence, sometimes, a picture.

The holy symbols, or signs, are not barely significative, but what they represent is as certainly delivered to us as the symbols themselves. Breretvood.

7. A word regarded as the outward manifestation of thought.

When any one uses any term, he may have in his mind a determined idea which he makes it the sign of. Bacon.

8. A mark of distinction; cognizance.

When the great ensign of Messiah blamed.

Aloft by angels borne, his sign in heaven. Milton.

9. That which, being external, represents or signifies something internal or spiritual: a term used in the formularies of the English Church in speaking of an ordinance considered with reference to that which it represents.—10, Something conspicuously hung or placed over or near a door, as a lettered board, or carved or painted figure, indicating the occupation of the tenant of the premises, or giving notice of what is sold or made within; a sign-board. 'An ale-house' paltry sign.' Shak.

The shops were therefore distinguished by painted signs, which gave a gay and grotesque appearance to the streets. Macaulay.

11. In astron. a portion of the ecliptic or zodiac containing 30 degrees, or a twelfth part of the complete circle. The signs are reckoned from the point of intersection of the ecliptic and equator at the vernal equinox, and are counted onwards, proceeding from west to east, according to the annual course of the sun, all round the ecliptic. In printing they are represented by the following marks, which are attached to their respective names:—Aries ^Y*. Taurus y, Gemini n . Cancer oj;, Leo £L Virgo fl£, Libra =Cb Scorpio M\, Sagittarius $ , Capricornus lr°, Aquarius ZZ, Pisces X . The first six signs, commencing with Aries, are called northern signs, because they lie on

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the north side of the equator; and the other six, commencing with Libra, are called southern signs, because they lie on the south side of the equator. The six beginning with Capricornus are called ascending signs, because the sun passes through them while advancing from the winter to the summer solstice, ami is consequently acquiring altitude with respect to inhabitants of the northern hemisphere. The other six, beginning with Cancer, are called descending signs, because the sun in passing through them diminishes his altitude with respect to inhabitants of the northern hemisphere. These names are borrowed from the constellations of the zodiac of the same denomination, which were respectively comprehended within the foregoing equal divisions of the ecliptic at the time when those divisions were first made; but on account of the precession of the equinoxes the positions of these constellations in the heavens no longer correspond with the divisions of the ecliptic of the same name, but are considerably in advance of them. Thus the constellation Aries is now in that part of the ecliptic called Taurus.—12. In arith. and math, a character indicating the relation of quantities, or an operation performed by them; as the sign 4- [plus] prefixed to a quantity Indicates that the quantity is to be added; the sign — [minus] denotes that the quantity to which it is prefixed is to be subtracted. The former is prefixed to quantities called affirmative or positive; the latter to quantities called negative. The sign x [into] stands for multiplication, -f- [divided by] for division, V for the ■ ijii.-t.rc root, ^/ for the cube root, fy for the nth root, <fcc. The signs denoting a relation are, = equal to, > greater than, < less than, <fea— IS. In med. an appearance or symptom in the human body, which indicates its condition as to health or disease.—14. In music, any character, as a fiat, sharp, dot, &c. — SVN. Token, mark, note, symptom, indication, symbol, type, omen, prognostic, presage, manifestation.

Sign (sin), v.t. l. To express by a sign; to make known in a typical or emblematical manner, in distinction from speech; to signify; as, to sign our acceptance of something by a gesture.—2. Tomakeasign upon; to mark with a sign or symbol.

We receive this child into the congregation of Christ's flock, and do sign him with the sign of the cross, in token that hereafter he shall not be ashamed to confess the faith of Christ crucified,

Common Prayer.

8. To affix a signature to, as to a writing or deed; to mark and ratify by writing one's name; to subscribe in one's own handwriting. *To sign these papers.' Drydcn.

Give him this deed and let him sign it. Skak,

4. t To convey formally; to assign.—6. t To dress or array in insignia. 'Thy hunters stand signed in thy spoil.' Shak. -~6.f To make known; to betoken; to denote.

You sign your place and calling, in full seeming, With meekness and humility. Shalt.

Sign (sin), v.t. l.t To be a sign or omen. Shak. —2. To make a sign or signal; as, he signed to me to advance.

Signable (sin'a-bl), a. Capable of being signed ; requiring to be signed; as, a deed signable by A B.

Signal (signal), n. [Fr. signal, L.L. signale, from L. stgnum. See Sign.] 1. A sign that gives or is intended to give notice of something to some person, especially from a distance. Signals are used to communicate information, orders, and the like, to persuns at a distance, and by any persons and for any purpose. A signal may be a motion of the hand, the raising of a flag, the showing of lights of various colours, the firing of a gun, the ringing of a bell, the beating of a drum, the sounding of a bugle, or anything which will be understood by the persons intended.

Stir not until the signal. Shak.

2.1 Sign; token; indication.

Meantime, in signal of my love to thee, . . .
Will I upon thy party wear this rose. Shak.

Signal (sig'nal), a. Distinguished from what iB ordinary; eminent; remarkable; notable; ast&signat failure; & signal exploit; &siynal service; a signal act of benevolence.

As signal now in low dejected state,

As erst in highest, behold him where he lies.


Syn. Eminent, remarkable, memorable, extraordinary, uotable, conspicuous.


Signal (sig'nal), v.t. pret. & pp. signalled; ppr. signalling. 1. To communicate or make known by a signal or by signals; as, to signal orders; a vessel signals its arrival.— 2. To make signals to; as, the vessel signalled the forts. —3. To mark with a sign. Layard,

Signal (sig'nal), v.t. 1. To give a signal or signals.— 2. To be a Bign or omen.

Signal-box (sig'nal-boks), n.
A small house, often of wood,
in which railway signals are

Signal-flre (sig'nal-flr), n.
A Are intended for a signal.

Signalist(sig'nal-ist),H, One
who makes Bignals.

Signalityt (sig-nal'i-tl), n.
Quality of being signal or remarkable.
T. Browne.

Signalize (sig'nal iz). v.t. pret. A pp. signaled; ppr. signalizing. [From signal.} 1. To make remarkable or eminent; to render distinguished from what is common: commonly used rertexively with the pronouns myself, himself, themselves, and the like, or with some noun so closely connected with the subject as to be almost equivalent to a reflexive pronoun; as, the soldier signalized himself; he signalized his reign by many glorious acts. 'Having signalized his valour and fortune in defence of Ills country.' Swift

It is this passion which drives men to ail the ways we see in use of signalising thtmstlves. Burke.

2. To make signals to; to indicate by a signal; to signal. [Not in good use.]

Signal-lamp (sig'nal-lamp), n. A railway lamp, with a bull's-eye in it, made to give out light of different colours as signals.

Signal-light (sig'nal-lit), n. A light shown as a signal.

Signally (sig'nal-li), adv. In a signal manner; eminently; remarkably; memorably; as, their plot failed signally.

Signal-man (signal-man), n. One whose duty it is to convey intelligence, notice, warning, Ac., by means of signals.

Signalment (sifpnal-ment), n. 1. The act of signalling.—2. A description by means of peculiar or appropriate marks. E. B. Browning.

Signal-post (sig'nal-post), n. A post or pole for displaying flags, lamps, <fcc., as signals.

Signatary (sig'na-ta-ri), n. and a. Same as Signatory.

Slgnatlont (slg-na'shon), n. Sign given; act of betokening. Sir T. Browne.

Signatory (sig'na-to-ri), a. 1. Relating to a seal; used in sealing. —2. Setting a signature to a document; signing; specifically applied to the head or representative of a state who signs a public document, as a treaty: as, the parties signatory to the Treaty of Paris. Written also Signatary and Signitary.

Signatory (sig'na-to-ri), n. One who signs; specifically, the head or representative of a state who signs a public document, as a treaty.

If the Grand Duke called upon tht signatories of the treaty to fulfil the guarantee of neutrality contained in it, grave questions would undoubtedly arise. Times tteivspaprr.

Signature (sig'na-tur), n. [Fr., L.L. signatura, from L. signo, to sign.] 1. A sign, stamp, or mark impressed. 'The brain being well furnished with various traces, signatures, and images.' Watts. 'The natural and indelible signature of God, stamped on the human soul' Bentley. 2. Especially, the name of any person written with his own hand, employed to signify that the writing which precedes accords with his wishes or intentions.—3. In old med. an external mark or character on a plant, which was supposed to indicate its suitableness to cure particular disease, or diseases of particular parts. Thus plants with yellow flowers were supposed to be adapted to the cure of jaundice, Ac.

Some plants bear a very evident signature of their nature and use. Dr. H. Mare.

4. In printing, a letter or figure at the bottom of the first page of a sheet or half sheet, by which the sheets are distinguished and their order designated, as a direction to the binder. In older books, when the sheets are more numerous than the letters of the alphabet, a small letter is added to the capital one, as A a, B b; but afterwards a figure before the letter came to be used, as 1 A, 2 A. In modern printing figures only are

very generally used for signatures.—£. An external mark or figure by which physiognomists pretend to discover the temper and character of persons —6. In music, the signs placed at the commencement of a piece of


Key and Time Signatures on the Treble and Bass Clefs.

i. Key of C; two minims {or their equivalents) in the bar. 2. Key of G; four crotchets in the bar. 3. Key of D j two crotchets in the bar. 4. Key of F; three minims in the bar. 5. Key of B flat; three crotchets in the bar.

music. There are two kinds of signatures, the time signature and the key signature. The key signature, including the clefs, is usually written on every stave; and the sharps or flats there occurring affect all notes of that degree (with their octaves) throughout the piece. The time signature is only placed at the beginning of the first line and where changes occur. It indicates the number of aliquot parts into which the bar is divided.—7. In Scots law, a writing formerly prepared and presented by a writer to the signet to the baron of exchequer, as the ground of a royal grant to the person in whose name it was presented; which having, in the case of an original charter, the sign-manual of the sovereign, and in other cases the cachet, appointed by the act of union for Scotland, attached to it, became the warrant of a conveyance under one or other of the seals, according to the nature of the subject or the object in view.

Signaturet (sig'na-tur). v.t. To mark out; to distinguish. Dr. G. Cheyne.

Slgnaturtst (sig'na-tur-ist), n. One who holds to the doctrine of signatures impressed upon objects, indicative of character or qualities. Sir T. Browne.

Sign-board (sin'bord),«. A board on which a man sets a notice of his occupation or of articles for sale.

Signet (sin), v.t To assign; to appoint; to allot. Chaucer.

Signer (sln'er), n. One who signs, especially one who signs or subscribes his name; as, a memorial with 100 signers.

Signet (Big'net), n. [O.Fr. signet, dim. of signe, a sign. See SlQN] A seal; particularly. In England, one of the seals for the authentication of royal grants. The signet, in Scotland, is a seal by which royal warrants for the purpose of justice seem to have been at one time authenticated. Hence the title of clerks to the signet or tcriters to the signet, a class of legal practitioners in Edinburgh who formerly had important privileges, which are now nearly abolished. They act generally as agents or attorneys in conducting causes before the Court of Session. —Clerk of the signet, an officer in England, continually in attendance upon the principal secretary of state, who has the custody of the privy signet.

Slgneted(sig'net-ed),a. Stamped or marked with a signet.

Signet-ring (sig'net-ring), n. A ring containing a Big^net or private seal.

Signifert (slg'ni-fer), n. [L.signum, a sign, and fero, to bear.] The zodiac. Chaucer.

Signiflaunce.t n. Signification. Chaucer.

Signiflct (sig-nifik), o. Significant. Chaucer.

Significance, Slgnlficancy (sig-niri-kans, sig-nif'i-kan-si), n. [See Significant) 1. Meaning; import; that which iB intended to be expressed.

If he declares he intends it for the honour of another, he takes away by his words the signficance of his action. Bp. Sfiltingfieet.

Hence—2. The real import of anything, as opposed to that which appears; the internal and true sense, as contradistinguished from the external and partial.

Our spirits have climbed high By reason of the passion of our grief.— And. from the top of sense, looked over sense. To the significance and h^art of thinjjs Rather than things themselves. E. B. Brewing.

8. Expressiveness; impressiveness; force; power of impressing the mind; as, a duty enjoined with particular significance.

I have been admiring the wonderful significttney of that word persecution, and what various interpretations it hath acquired. Sttt/f.

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4 Importance; moment; weight; consequence

Many a circumstance of leu rignificnney has been construed into an overt act of lii^li treason.


Significant (sig-nifi-kant), o. [L. significant, significatUis. ppr. of significo. See Signify J 1. Serving to signify something; fitted or intended to signify something; as, (a) bearing a meaning; expressing or containing signification or sense; as, a significant word or sound, (6) Expressive in an eminent degree; forcible.

Common life is full of this Vind of significant expressions. Holder.

(c) Expressive or suggestive of something more than what appears; meaning; as, to give a person a significant look, (d) Betokening something; representative of something; standing as a sign of something.

It was well said of Plotinus, that the stars were significant, but not efficient. Raleigh.

To add to religious duties such rites and ceremonies as are sign ificatit, is to institute new sacraments. Hooter.

2. Important; momentous; as, a significant event.

Significant t (sig-nifi-kant), n. That which is significant; a token. Shak.

Significantly (sig-nifi-kant-li), adv. In a significant manner: (a) so as to convey meaning or signification; (6) meaningly; expressively; signifying more than merely appears.

Signiflcate (sig-nifi-kat), n. In logic, one of several things signified by a common term. Whately.

Signification (sig/ni-fi-ka"shon)> n. f L sigmficatw. See Signify. 1 1. The act of signifying, or of making known by signs or words, or by anything that is understood.

AU speakinp or signification of one's mind implies an act or address of one man to another. South.

2. That which is signified or expressed by signs or words; meaning; import; sense; that which the person using a sign intends to convey, or that which men in general who use it understand it to convey. The signification of words is dependenton usage; but when custom has annexed a certain sense to sound, or to a combination of sounds, this sense is always to be considered the signification which the person using the words intends to communicate. So by custom certain signs or gestures have a determined signification. Such is the fact also with figures, algebraic characters, <fcc.— 3- That which signifies; a sign [Rare.] Significative (sig-nif'i-kat-iv), a. [Fr. signifieatif. See SIGNIFY.] 1. Betokening or representing by an external sign; as, the tignificative symbols of the eucharist. — • Having signification or meaning; expressive of a meaning; sometimes strongly expressive of a certain idea or thing.

There is apparently a significative coincidence between the establishment of the aristocratic and oi^archkal powers, and the diminution of the prosperity of the state. Rnskin.

Significatively (sig-nifi-kat-1 v-li), adv. In a significative manner; so as to represent or express by an external sign.

Bread may be the body of Christ significatively.
Abp. L'ssher.

Signincativeness (sig-nifi-kat-iv-ues), u.

The quality of being significative, West

Rev Slgniflcator ( sig-nif i-kat-er), n. One who

or that which signifies or makes known by

words, signs, dec.

In thi* diagram there was one signi/icatcr which pressed remarkably upon our astrologer's attention. Sir IV. Scoff.

Si^nificatory (sig-nifi-ka-to-ri), a. Having

Signification or meaning. Signlncatory (sig-nifi-ka-to-ri), n. That

whk-b betokens, signifies, or represents.

Here is a double significatory of the spirit, a word asd a sign. jfer. Taylor.

Signlflcavit (sig,ni-fl-ka"vit), n. [Third pers. sung. pret. ind. of L. significo, to signify.] In eecUs law, a writ, now obsolete, issuing out of Chancery upon certificate given by the ordinary of a man's standing excommunicate by the space of forty days, for the keeping him in prison till he submit him•elf to the authority of the church. Wharton.

Signify (sig'ni-fi), of. pret A pp. signified; ppr. signifying. [Fr. tignifier, from L. signifies— signum, a sign, and /ado, to make.] 1. To make known by signs or words; to sor communicate to another by words.

gestures, Ac; as, he signified to me his intention.

Then Paul . . . entered into the temple, to signify the accomplishment of the days of purification.

Acts xxii. a6.

2. To give notice; to announce; to impart; to declare; to proclaim.

My friend Stephano, signify, I pray you,

Within the house, your mistress is at hand. Shah.

3. To mean; to have or contain a certain sense; to import; as, in Latin 'amo' signifies 'I love.'-—4. To suggest as being intended; to indicate.

Let him have some plaster, or some loam, or
Some rough-cast about him, to signify wall. Shak.

5. To weigh; to matter: used almost intransitively in particular phrases; as, it signifies much or little; it signifies nothing; what does it signify 1

What signifies the people's consent in making and

repealing Jaws, if the person who administers hath

no tier Swift.

And whether coldness, pride, or virtue dignify

A woman—so she's good, what can it signify t


Syn. To express, manifest, declare, utter, intimate, betoken, denote, imply, mean.

Signify (stg'ni-fT), v.i. To express meaning with Force. * If the words be but comely and signifying.' B. Jonson. [Rare.]

Signior (sen'yor), n. An English form of the Italian Signore, Spanish Seflor, a title of respect equivalent to the English Sir or Mr., the French Monsieur, and theGerman Herr. Written also Synor. Seignior. SeeSEiGNIOR.

Stgniorizet (sen'yor-iz), v.t To exercise dominion over; to lord it over. 'He that signiorizeth hell' Fairfax.

SIgnlorlaet fsen'yor-iz). v.i. To exercise dominion, or to have dominion.

O'er whom, save heaven, nought could signiertzt.


Signiory, Signory (sen'yo-ri), n. 1. A principality; a province.

Through all the signiories it was the first.
And Prospcro the prime duke. Shak.

2. The landed property of a lord; a domain; an estate; a manor.

Eating the bitter bread of banishment.

Whilst you have fed upon my signiories. Shak.

3. Government; dominion; power; seigniory. 'The inextinguishable thirst for signiory.' Kyd.—4. A governing body. 'My services which I have done the signiory.' Shak.— 6.t Seniority. 'The benefit of signiory.' Shak.

Signitary (sig'ni-ta-ri), a. Same as Signatory.

Sign - manual (sin-man'u-al), n. A signature; the subscription of one's own name to a document; specifically, a royal signature, which must be adhibited to all writs which have to pass the privy seal or great seal

Sign or (sen'yor), n. Same as Signior.

Signora (sen-yo'ra), n. An Italian title of address or respect, equivalent to Madam, Mrs.

Signorlna (sen-yo-re'na), n. An Italian title of respect, equivalent to the English Miss and the French Mademoiselle.

Signory. Set Signiory.

Sign-painter (Bin'pant-er), n. A painter of signs for tradesmen, &c.

Slgn-pOSt (sin'post), ». A post on which a sign hangs.

Slgnum (sig'num), n. [L.] In law. a cross prefixed as a sign of assent and approbation to a charter or deed.

Bike, t a. Such. Spenser.

Sike (slk), n. [Icel. sik.] A small stream of water; a rill; a marshy bottom with a small stream in it. [Scotch and North of England]

Slice, t a. Sick. Chaucer.

Slice, t n. Sickness. Chaucer.

Sike,» ft. To sigh. Chaucer.

Sike.t n. A sigh. Chaucer.

Slkert (sik'er), a. or adv. Sure; surely. See Sicker.

Sikerly.t adv. Surely; securely. Chaucer.

Sikernesat (sik'er-nes), n. Sureness; safety.

Sikh (sek), n. One of an Indian community, half religious, half military (founded about A. P. 1500). which professes the purest Deism, and is chiefly distinguished from the Hindus by worshipping one only invisible God. They founded a state in the Punjaub about the end of the eighteenth century, which was annexed to the British Empire in India in 1849. Written also Set*.

Sllaus (sila-us), n. (A name given to an umbelliferous plant by Pliny.] A genus of plants, nat order Umbellifene. They are tall perennial herbs, with finely divided

leaves and umbels of white or yellowish flowers, natives of Europe and Asia. S. protenuis (meadow-pepper saxifrage) is found in damp and moist places in England, other parts of Europe, and Siberia. The whole plant hasannnpleasantsmell when bruised, and cattle generally avoid it in pastures.

Slle (sil), n. [Sw. sil, a strainer; sila, to strain, to sift; L.G. sielen, to draw off water; akin silt.] A sieve; a strainer. [Old and Provincial English and Scotch.]

Slle (sil), v.t To strain, as fresh milk from the cow. [Old and Provincial English and Scotch.]

Slle (sil), v.i. To flow down; to drop; to fall. [Provincial.]

Sllenese (si-le'ne-6), n. plur. [From Silene.] A tribe of Caryophyllacea:, the members of which have a tubular calyx and petals with claws. See Caryophyllacea.

Silence (si'lens), n, [Fr. silence, from L. silentiutn, silence, from sileo, to be still, to be silent; comp. Goth, silan, anasilan, to be silent ] 1. The condition prevailing when everything is silent; stillness or entire absence of sound or noise; as, the silence of midnight. 'The night's dend bilence.' Shak.

There was silence deep as death;

And the boldest held his breath.

For a time. Campbell.

2. The state of holding the peace; forbearance of speech in man or of noise in other animals; taciturnity; muteness; as, to keep silence; to listen in silence.

Be check'd for silence, but never tax'd for speech.

3. The refraining from speaking of or making known something; secrecy; as, to reward a person for his silence.—A. Stillness; calmness; quiet; cessation of rage, agitation, or tumult; as, the elements reduced to silence.—5. Absence of mention; oblivion; obscurity.

Eternal silence be their doom. Aft/ton.

A few more days, and this essay will follow the Defensio Pofuli to the dust and silence of the upptr shelf. Macau Jay.

Silence (si'lens), v.t pret A pp. silenced;

ppr. siU'itcinq. To make silent; to put

to silence; (a) to oblige to hold the peace;

to cause to cease speaking; as, to silence a

loquacious speaker.

To silence envious tongues: be just, and fear not.
Let all the ends thou aim'st at be thy country's.
Thy Cod's and truth's. Shak.

(b) To restrain in reference to liberty of speech; especially, to restrain from preaching by revoking a license to preach; a3, to silence a minister of the gospel.

Is it therefore
The ambassador is silenced f Shak.

The st'lenc'd preacher yields to potent strain.


(c) To cause to cease sounding; to stop the noise or sound of; to make to cease.

Silence that dreadful beU. Shak.

It is the little rift within the lute.
That by and by will make the music mute,
And ever widening slowly silence all.


(d) To still; to quiet; to restrain; to appease. 'Would have silenced their scruples.' Daniel Rogers.

This would silence all further opposition.


(e) To stop the noise of firing from: to make to cease firing, especially by a vigorous cannonade; as. to silence guns or a battery.

Silence (si'lens), interj. Used elliptically for let there be silence, or keep silence.

Silene (sl-le'ne), n. [Origin doubtful] An extensive genus of plants belonging to the natural order Caryophyllacea!. The species are in general herbaceous; the stems are leafy, jointed, branched, and frequently glutinous below each joint. The greatest proportion are inhabitants of the south of Europe and north of Africa; many occur in the temperate regions of both hemispheres. Several species are British, which are known by the names of campion and catch-fly. Many are cultivated in gurdens as ornamental flowers. S. cojnixicta or closeflowered catch-fly Is one of the most beautiful of the genua. S. infiata, or bladdercampion, is edible. The young shoots boiled are a good substitute for green peas or asparagus.

Silent (silent), a. [h. silens, silentis, ppr. of sileo. See SILENCE, n.] 1. Not speaking; mute; dumb; speechless.

O my Cod, I cry in the daytime, but thou hear est not; and in the night season, and am not silent.

Ps-xjul a. Her eyes are homes of silent prayer.


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2. Habitually taciturn; speaking little; not inclined to much talking; not loquacious.

Ulysses, he adds, was the most eloquent and the most silent of men. it'. Broome.

3. Not mentioning or proclaiming; making no noise or rumour.

This new created world, of which in hell
Fame is not silent. Milton.

4. Perfectly quiet; still; free from sound or noise; having or making no noise; as, the silent watches of the night; the silent groves. 'Sparkling in the silent waves.' Spenser.

But thou, most awful forml
Risest from forth thy silent sea of pines.
How silently. Coleridge.

6. Not operative; wanting efficacy. 'Causes . . . silent, virtueless, and dead.' Raleigh. 6. Not pronounced or expressed; having no sound in pronunciation; as,c is silent m fable, —SUent partner. Same as Dormant Partner. See under DORMANT.— Silent system, a system of prison discipline which imposes entire silence jimong the prisoners even when assembled together. — Syn. Dumb, mute, speechless, taciturn, soundless, voiceless, quiet, still.

Silent (si'lent). n. Silence; silent period. 'Deep night, dark night, the silent of the night.' Shak.

SUentiary (sMen'shi-a-ri), n. L One appointed tt> keep silence and order in a court of justice.—2. A privy-councillor; one sworn not to divulge secrets of state. Barrow.

Silentious (st-len'shus), a. Habitually silent; taciturn; reticent.

Silently (si'lent-li), adv. In a silent manner; as, (a) without speech or words.

Each silently Demands thy grace, and seems to watch thy eye. DryHsn.

(&) Without noise; as, to march silently.

With tiptoe step vice silently succeeds. Cifw/er.

(c) Without mention.

The difficulties remain still, till he can show who is by right heir; in all those cases the present possessor lias no son: this he silently passes over. Locke.

Silentness (silent-nes), n. State of being silent; stillness; silence.

The moonlight steeped in silentness.

The steady weathercock. Coleridge.

Silenus (si-le'nus), n. [Gr. Site no*.] A Grecian divinity, the foster-father and attendant of Bacchus, and likewise leader of the satyrs. He was represented as a robust old man, generally in a state of intoxication, and riding on an ass carrying a eautliarus or bottle.

Sileryt (sil'er-i), n. In arch, foliage carved on the tops of pillars.

Silesia (si-le'shi-a), ». A species of linen cloth, so called from its being manufactured originally in Silesia, a province of Prussia; thin coarse linen.

Sllesian (si-le'shi-an), n. A native or inhabitant of Silesia.

Sllesian (sile'shi-an), a. Pertaining to Silesia; made in Silesia; as, Silesian linen.

Silex (sileks), n. [L.J Same as 83ica (which see).

Silhouette (sil'6-et), n. [From Etienne de Silhouette, French minister of finance in 1759, in derision of his economical attempts to reform the financial state of France while minister. Everything supposed to be excessively economical was then characterized as in the Silhouette style, and the term has been retained for this sort of portrait] A name given to the representation of an object filled in of a black colour, the inner parts being sometimes indicated by lines of a lighter colour, and shadows or extreme depths by the aid of a heightening of gum or other shining medium.

Silica (Bi'Ii-ka), n. [L. silex. silicis, a flint] (Si02) Oxide of silicon. This important substance constitutes the characteristic ingredient of a great variety of minerals, among which rock-crystal, quartz, chalcedony, and flint may be considered as nearly pure silica. It also predominates in many of the rocky masses which constitute the crust of our globe, such as granite, the varieties of sandstone, and quartz rock. It Ib the chief substance of which glass is made; also an ingredient, in a pulverized state, in the manufacture of stoneware, and it is essential in the preparation of tenacious mortar. Silica, when pure,is a fine powder, hard, insipid,and



inodorous, rough to the touch, and scratches and wears away glass. It combines in definite proportions with many salifiable bases, and its various compounds are termed silicates. Plate-glass and window-glass, or, as it is commonly called, crown-glass, are silicates of sodium or potassium, and flint-glass is a similar compound, with a large addition of silicate of lead. See Silicic.

Silicate (sil'i-kat), n. A salt of silicic acid. Silicates formed by the union of silicic acid, or silica, with the bases alumina, lime, magnesia, potassa, soda, tfce., constitute the greater number by far of the hard minerals which encrust the globe. The silicates of potash and soda, when heated to redness, form glass.— Silicate paint, natural silica, when dried and forming an almost impalpable powder, mixed with colours and oil. Unlike the ordinary lead paints, all the silicate colours are non-poisonous. Silicate white has great covering power; is not affected by gases; and heat of 500" Is successfully resisted.

Silica ted (sil'i-kat-ed), a. Coated, mixed, combined, or impregnated with silica — Silicated soap, a mixture of silicate of soda and hard soap.

Silicatization (siri-kat-Iz-iY'shon), n. The process of combining with silica so as to change to a silicate.

Siliceous, SiliciOUS (si-lish'us), a. Pertaining to silica, containing it, or partaking of its nature and qualities; as, siliceous limestone; siliceous slate; siliceous nodules, &c—Siliceous cement, a hydraulic cement containing a certain proportion of a silicate. —Siliceous earth, silica (which see).— Siliceous waters, such as contain silica in solution, as many boiling springs.

Silicic (si-lis'ik), a. Of or pertaining to silica; as, silicic ether; silicic acid.—Silicic acid, an acid obtained by decomposing sodium silicate with hydrochloric acid and dialysing the liquid Bo obtained. Silicic acid has not been obtained in the pure form, as it undergoes decomposition into water and silica when heated. Many silicic acids are believed to exist. The normal acid is H,Si04.

Silici-calcareous (si-lis'i-kal-ka"re-us), a. Consisting of silica and calcareous matter.

Sillclferous (sil-i-sifer-us), a. [L. silex, silicis, silex, and fero, to produce. ] Producing silica, or united with a portion of silica.

Siliciflcation (si-lis'i-fl-ka"shon), n. Petrifaction; the conversion, of any substanoo into stone by siliceous matter.

Siliclfy (si-lis'i-fi). v.t. pret & pp. silicified; ppr. stlici/ying. [L. silex, silicis, flint, and facio, to make.] To convert into or petrify by silica.

Silicify (si-lis'i-fi), v.i. To become silica; to be impregnated with silica.

Sillcimurite (si-lis'i-mu"rit), n. [L. silex. flint, and muria, brine.] An earth composed of silica and magnesia.

Silicite (sil'i-sit), «. A variety of felspar, consisting of 50 parts of silicic acid, alumina, lime, soda, and peroxide of iron. Called also Labrador Spar and Labradorite. Dana.

Sillclted (si-lis'it-ed), a. Impregnated with silica Kirwan. [Rare,]

Sillclum (si-hVi-um), n. [L. silex, flint] See Silicon.

Siliciureted, Siliciuretted (si-lis'i-fi-reted), a. In chem. combined or impregnated with silicon.—Siliciureted hydrogen, a gas composed of silicon and hydrogen, which takes fire spontaneously when in contact with air, giving out a brilliant white light.

Sllicle (sil'i-kl), n. [L. sUicula, dim. of siliqua, a pod. j In hot. a kind of seed

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seen in the whitlow-grass, in the shephenl'spurse, and in the horse-radish. Among the algie the name is given to a similar vessel, pod-like, oblong, conical, linear, or lanceolate, transversely striated, and formed either of transformed branches or portions of a branch. It is not quite certain that these are connected with the reproduction of the plant. See Siliqua.

Silico- fluoric (sil'i-ko -fm-or"ik). a The name of an acid, H^SiFg. When silicic acid is dissolved by hydrofluoric acid a gas is produced which is colourless, fuming strongly in the air. It is absorbed by water and hydrated silicic acid is deposited, while an acid is found in the water which is termed silico-fiuoric acid, or hydrojtuoiilicic acid. With bases this acid forms salts called silieoHuorides, which are nearly all insoluble.

Silico-fluorld^sil'i-ko-fliror-id), n. (M^SiF./) A salt of silieo-fluoric acid. See SlLloo


Silicon (sil'I-kon), n. [From L. silex, silicis, & flint] Sym. Si. At. wt. 2S. The nonmetallic element of which silica is the oxide. Silicon may be obtained amorphous or crystalline. In the latter form it is very hard, dark-brown, lustrous, and not readily oxidized. It is insoluble in all ordinary acids, with the exception of hydrofluoric. Silicon unites with hydrogen, chlorine, &-e., to form well-marked compounds. In its general analogies it closely resembles carbon. Called also Silicivm.

Silicula, Silicule (si-lik'u-la, siri-kul), n. Same as Silicic.

Slliculosa (fii-lik'u-16"sa), ». pi. One of the two orders into which Linna'ns divided hi* class Tetradynamia It comprehends those plants which have a silicle. See Siliolk. Siliculose, SUlculous (si-lik'u-los, si-lik'ulus), a. 1. Having silicles or pertaining to them.—:'. t 1 nil of or consisting of husks; husky. Bailey.

Siliglnose.t Siliginoust (si-lij'in-os, ai-lij'in-us),a. [L. siliyo.siliginis, a very fine kind TM -^ of wlute wheat }

Made of white /A wheat. Bailey.

Siling-dish (sil'ingdish),n. [See Silk. J A colander; a Btrainer. [ Obsolete or local.]

Siliqua (sil'i-kwa),n. pL Siliqua (sil'ikwe). [L. siliqua, a pod, also a very small weight] L In bot. the long pod-like fruit of crucifers; a kind of seedA'esseL It iB characterised by dehiscing by two> valves which separate from a central portion called the replum. It is linear in form, and is always superior to the calyx and corolla The seeds are attached to two plaeentrc, which adhere to the replum, and are opposite to the lobes of the stigma. Examples may be seen in the stock or wall-flower, and in the cabbage, turnip. and mustard.—2- A weight of 4 grains, used In weighing gold and precious stones; .1 carat.

Siliquaria (sil-i-kwa'ri-a), n.
marine gasteroporious
molluscs, found both fos-
sil and recent The shell
is tubular, spiral at its
beginning, continued in
an irregular form,divided
laterally through its
whole length by a narrow
slit, and formed into
chambers by entire Bepta.
Recent siliquaria? have
been found in sponges.
Cuvier places the genus
in the order Tubulibran-

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Siliqua or Pod. 1. Mustard z.Wall-flower. 3. Do. opened, to show the valves, replum or dissepiment, and seeds.

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Siliquella (sil-i-kwella), n. In bot. a subordinate part of the fruit of certain plants, as the poppy, consisting of a division or carpel and the two placentae.

Siliquiform (si-lifwi-form). 0. Having the form of a siliqua

Siliquosa(sil-i-kw6'sa),«7>f. Oneof tbetwo orders into which Linneeus divided his class

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Tetradynamia. the other being Siliculosa. It comprehends those plants which huve u sillqua, as the cabbage, turnip, mustanl, Ac,

SiUquose, Slllquous (sil'i-kwus. sil'i-kwus), a. [L, siiujuotus, from tiliqua, a pod.) In hot. l>earing ailiqwe; having that species of pericarp called siliqua; as, sUinuose plants.

Silk c-ilk), n. [A. Sax. seoloCy Bilk, for *eric, from! serieum. Or. tirikon, silk, lit. Seric I stuff, from Srres, the Greek name of the' Chinese.] 1. The fine, soft thread produced by the larvae of numerous species belonging , to the genus Bombyx and other genera of the family Bombycidie, lepidopterous insects of the section popularly known by the I name moth, the most important of which is the Boinhyx wort, or common silkworm, a native of the northern provinces of China' Silk is the strongest, most lustrous, and most valuable of textile fabrics, and is a thread composed of several finer threads iv ui. h the worm draws from two large organs or glands, containing a viscid substance, which extend along great part of the | body, and terminate in two spinnerets at the mouth. With this substance the silkworm envelops itself, forming what is called a cocoon. Raw silk is produced by the operation of winding off, at the same time, several of the balls or cocoons (which are immersed in hot water to soften the natural gum on the filament) on a common reel, thereby forming one smooth even thread. Before it is fit for weaving it is converted into one of three forms, viz. '■>:'•. tram, or organzine. Single* (a collective noun) is formed of one of the reeled threads, being twisted in order to give it strength and firmness. Tram is formed of two or more threads twisted together. In this state it is commonly used in weaving, as the hoot or weft Thrown silk is formed of one, two, three, or more singles, according to the substance required, twisted together in a contrary direction to that in which the singles of which it is composed are twisted. The silk so twisted is called organzine. Spun silk is waste silk, pierced cocoons, floss, Ac , dressed, combed, formed into roving*, and spun by processes and on machinery analogous to that nsed in the worsted manufacture.—Tussah silk, a term applied to the raw silk produced by a variety of moths other than the ordinary silkworm, Bombyx mori.—2. Cloth made of silk. In this sense the word has a plural, xilka. denoting different sorts and varieties; as. black $ilk, white silk, coloured silks.

He ramed the shurc to be covered with Persian silk tor him to tread upon. A'nslles

S. A garment made of silk.

She bethought her of a faded rift. Tennysvn.

4. [United States.] A name given to the filiform style of the female flower of maize, from Its resemblance to real silk in Oneness and softness. — Virginia sUk, a climbing plant of the genus Feriploca (P. graca), having the seed covered with a silky tuft.

Silk (silk), a. Made of silk; silken. 'Silk stockings.' Shak. —SUk gown, the technical name given to the canonical robe of a queen's counsel, differing from that of an ordinary barrister in being made of silk and not of stuff; hence, the counsel himself. 'Mr. Blowers, the eminent silk-gown.' Dicken*. To take silk, to attain the rank of queen's counsel.

Silk-cotton (silkTr.ot-tn), n. A short, silky and elastic fibre surrounding the seeds of the genus Bombax, and some other trees. It is used for stuffing mattresses, for covering hat bodies, tfce.— Silk-cotton tree, a tree •if the genus Bombax (which see).

Silk-dresser (silk dres-er), n. One employed in dressing or stiffening and smoothing silk Sim mondjt.

Silken (silk'n), a. [A. Sax. seolcen] 1. Made of silk; as, silken cloth; a silken veil. 'A ntken thread' Shak—2. Like silk; soft to the touch; hence, delicate; tender; smooth. 'Silken terms precise.' Shak. S. Dressed in silk 'A cockerM silken wanton.' Shak.

Silken (silk'n), v.L To make like silk; to render soft or smooth. 'Silkening their fleeces.* John Dyer.

SUk-fowl (silk'foul), u. A variety of the domestic fowl with silky plumage.

The tift-/irnf breeds true, and there is reason to bHke*c rs a very ancient race; but when I reared a large number of monvrels from a silk-hen by a Spantali cock, not one exhibited even a trace of the socalled wlkine**. Darwin.

Silk-hen (silkTien), n. The female silk-fowl (which Ms)

Silkiness (silk'i-nes), n. I. The state or quality of being silky; softness and smoothness to the feci.— 2. Softness; effeminacy; pusillanimity.—3. Smoothness of taste. 'The claret had no silkiness.' Chesterfield.

Silkman (silk'man), n. A dealer in silks. * Master Smooth's the silkman.' Shak.

Silk-mercer (silk'mer-ser), n. A dealer in silks.

Silk-mill (silk'mil), n. A mill or factory for reeling, spinning, and manufacturing silk.

Silknesst(silk'ne8),n. Silkiness. B.Jonson.

Silk-shag (Bilk'shag), n. A coarse, rough woven silk, like plush. Simmond*.

Silk-thrower, Silk-throwster (silk'thrGer, silk'thr6-ster), n. One who winds, twists, spins, or throws silk, to prepare it for weaving.

Silk-tree (silk'tre), n. An ornamental deciduous tree, the Acacia Julibrissin, a native of the Levant.

Silk-weaver(silk'wev-er), n. One whose occupation is to weave silk stuffs.

Silk-Weed (silk'wed), n. A plant. Asclepias Cornuti (or syriaca), nat. order Asclepiadacero, the seed-vessels of which contain a long silky down. Called also Milk-weed and Wild Cotton.

Silk-worm (ailk'werm), n. A worm which produces silk, the larva of a lepidopterous Insect called the Bombyx mori, and of other allied insects. (See Bombyx.) The common silk-worm feeds on the leaves of the mulberry; the B. Yama-mai of Japan and B. Perm/i of North China feed on the oak; B. Cynthia feeds on the A Hunt It us glandulosa; and B. ricini on the castor-oil plant. A full-grown silk - worm is abont 3 Incheslong. The cocoon, or case of


Silk-worm-Larva, Chrysalis, and Cocoon.

silky fibre which it spins round its body, is intended for a receptacle in which it may change to the chrysalis state, and from which it will finally emerge as the perfect insect. The cocoon is about the size of a pigeon's egg. See SILK.—Silk-worm gut, a substance prepnred from the silky secretion of the caterpillars of the ordinary silkworm, and constituting the lustrous,exceedingly strong line so well known to anglers under the name of 'gut.'—Silk-worm rot, a fungous plant or mould, the Botrytis bassiana, which kills Bilk-worms in great numbers; muscardine.

Silky (silk i), a. L Made of silk; consisting of silk; silken. 'In silky folds each nervous limb disguise.' Shenstone. — 2. Like silk; soft and smooth to the touch; delicate; tender. — 3. Applied to the surface of a plant when it is covered with long, very slender, close - pressed, glistening hairs; sericeous.

Sill (sil), n. [A. Snx. syl, syll. a base, foundation, sill; leel. syll (also trill), a sill of a door or window; ftw. syll (also twill), a foundation, a sill; O.HO. suelli, G. sehwelle, a threshold; Goth, sulja, a sole, &&\i\,gasuljan, to lay a foundation. Perhaps from same root as L. solum, the ground, a base or fotmdation; solidus, solid; but the forms with v or w point rather to root sirar, seen In O.H.G. swari, G. schwer,heavy; L. serrus, a slave; Lith. svarat, weight] 1. A block forming a basis or foundation; a stone or a piece of timber on which a structure rests; as, the gills of a house, of a bridge, of a loom, and the like; more specifically, the horizontal piece of timber or stone at the bottom of a framed ease, such as that of a door or window.— Ground sills, the timbers on the ground which support the posts and superstructure of a timber building.— Sills of the port*, port-sill*, in ship-building, pieces of timber let in horizontally between the frames, to form the upper and lower sides of the ports. --2. In fort, the inner edge of the bottom nr sole of an embrasure.— 3. In mining, the floor of a gallery or passage in

a mine.—4. The shaft or thill of a carriage. [Provincial English.]

8111 (sil). n. [Icel. sil, a fish allied to the herring.] Theyoungof a herring. [Provincial English]

Sillabub (sillabub),?!. [From 0. and Prov. E. sile, syle, to milk a cow (see Sile), and bub, a kind of liquor.] A dish made by mixing wine or cider with cream or milk, and thus forming a soft curd.

Siller (sil'er), n. Silver; money. [Scotch.]

Sillery (sil'er-i), n. [From the Marquis of Sillery, the owner of the vineyards yielding this wine.] A non - sparkling champagne* wine, of an esteemed kind.

Sillik (ail'ik), n. See SULOCK.

Sillily (sil'li-li), adv. In a silly manner; foolishly; without the exercise of good sense or judgment

We arc caught as sillily as the bird in the net.

Sir R. L'hst>a>t£e.

Sillimanite (silli-man-U), n. A mineral found in Saybrook in Connecticut, so named in honour of ProfessorSilliman, the American savant. It is a silicate of alumina, and occurs in long, slender, rhombic prisms, engaged in gneiss. Its colour is dark gray and brown; lustre shining upon the external planes, but brilliant and pseu do- metal lie upou those produced by cleavage in a direction parallel with the longer diagonal of the prism. It is identical in composition with andalusite and kyanite.

Silliness (sil'li-nes), n. The quality of being silly; weakness of understanding; want of sound sen&e or judgment; simplicity; folly.

It is silliness to live when to live is torment. Skak.

Sillock (sil'ok). n. [Dim. of prov. sill, a young herring. See SILL.] The name given in the Orkney Islands to the fry of the coal-fish, a congener of the cod. Also spelled Silloc, Silltk, and Sellok.

SLUon (sil'lon), n, [Fr] In fort, a work raised in the middle of a ditch, to defend it when it is too wide.

Silly (sil'li), a. [0. E. seely, sely, A. Sax. Awi</. happy, prosperous, blessed; Icel. salligr, G. selin, happy, blessed; from A. Sax. ■*■>! Icel. sail, Goth, sels, good, prosperous, happy. The development of meaning—prosperous, blessed, good, simple, silly—presents no difficulty.] l.t Happy; fortunate. Wickliffe.— 2.f Plain; simple; rude; rustic. There was a fourth man. In a siliy habit. That gave the affront with them. Skat.

3. Harmless; simple; guileless; innocent; inoffensive. [Obsolete or obsolescent.]

Rut yet he could not keep
Here with the shepherds and the silly sheep.

Matt. Arnold

4. Weak; impotent; helpless; frail. 'My silly bark.' Spenser. [Olis.orprovincial.]—5.FoolIsh, as a term of pity, destitute of strength of mind; weak in intellect; poor; witless; simple.

The silly queen, with more than love's good will, 1-orbade the boy. Shak.

6. Foolish, as a term of contempt; characterized by weakness or folly; proceeding from want of understanding or common judgment; showing folly; unwise; stupid; as, a silly fellow; very silly conduct.

This is the silliest stuff that ever I heard. Shak.

7. Fatuous; imbecile; having weakness of mind approaching to Idiocy. Sir W. Scott. [Scotch.] —8. Weak in body; not in good health. [Scotch]

Sillyhow (sil'li-hou), n. [A. Sax. taelig, happy, prosperous, and hvfe, a hood.] The membrane that covere the head of the fetus; a caul. See Caul. [Old English and Scotch. ]

SilphidSB (sirfl-de). n. pi. A family of coleopterous insects, ^longing to the section Pentamera, and sub-section Necrophaga, having five distinct joints in all the tarsi, and the mandibles terminated in an entire point, and not notched. These insects subsist upon putrefying substances. The most interesting genus is Necrophorus, which contains the sex ton-beetles or bucying-beetles. The carrion-bee tie belongs to the genus Silpha. See Necrophorus.

8LH (silt), n. [From stem of Prov. E. and Sc. sile, to strain or filter. See SILE.] A deposit of mud or fine soil from running or standing water; fine earthy sediment; as, a harbour choked up with silt. 'In long process of time the silt and sands shall so choak and shallow the sea,' Sir T. Browne.

Silt (silt), v.t. To choke, fill, or obstruct with silt or mud: often with up; as, the channel got silted up.

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