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Sült (silt), v.i. To percolate through crevices;

to ooze. Silty (silt'i), a. Consisting of or resembling

silt; full of silt. Silure (si-lur'), n. A fish of the genus Silurus,

the sheat-fish. Silurian (si-lü'ri-an), a. Of or belonging to the Silures, an ancient people of South Wales, or their country. - Silurian rocks, strata, system, in geol. the name given by Murchison to a great succession of palæozoic strata intervening between the Cambrian formation and the base of the old red sand. stone; so called from the district where the strata was first investigated, the region of the Silures, a tribe of ancient Britons. The Silurian rocks in Britain have been divided into upper, middle, and lower Silurian: the upper comprising the Mayhill, Wenlock. and Ludlow groups; the middle, the Llandovery rocksand the lower, the Caradoc and Llandeilo groups. Silurian strata have been examined in all parts of the world, and co-related with the British types; and though the nature of the rocks may differ, the same facies of life prevails, the fossils exhibiting most of the forms of invertebrate life. Silurida (si-lū'ri-dē), n. pl. (L. silurus, Gr. silouros, the sheat-fish.) A family of fishes, of the order Malacopterygii, placed by Cuvier between the Esocidæ or pikes and the Salmonidæ or salmon. The family Silu. ridæ (otherwise named sheat-fishes) constitutes a very extensive section of fishes, the species of which are, for the most part, confined to the fresh waters of warm climates. They present great diversity of form, but their most obvious external characters are the want of true scales; the skin is generally naked, but in parts protected by large bony


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races of its ores whic, and indeed, Theore

the metallic lustre in a remarkable de 2. To cover with tin-foil amalgamated with
gree, is capable of being highly polished, quicksilver; as, to silver glass.-3. To adorn
and has neither taste nor smell. Its sp. gr. with mild or silver-like lustre; to give a
is about 10-53. A cubic foot weighs about silvery sheen to. "And smiling calmness
660 lbs. Its ductility is little inferior to silver'd o'er the deep.' Pope.
that of gold. It is harder and more elastic

The loveliest moon that ever silver'd o'er than tin or gold, but less so than copper,

A shell for Neptune's goblet.

Keats. platinum, or iron. It is superior to gold in lustre, but inferior to it in malleability; it is,

4. To make hoary; to tinge with gray. “A

sable silver'd.' Shak.
however, so malleable that it may be beaten
into leaves not exceeding the 100,000th part

His head was silver'd o'er with age. Gay.
of an inch in thickness. It is not altered by Silver-beater (sil'vér-bēt-ér), n. One who
air or moisture, but is blackened or tarnished beats silver or forms it into a thin leaf or
by sulphuretted hydrogen. The numerous foil.
uses and applications of silver are well Silver-bell. Silver-bell Tree (sil'ver-bel,
known. In its pure state it is too soft for | sil'ver-bel trē), n. A name common to the
coin, plate, and most ornamental purposes, shrubs or small trees of the genus Halesia,
and is therefore in such cases alloyed with nat order Styracaceæ; snow-berry tree.
copper, by which, in proper proportion, its Silver-bush (sil'ver-bush), n. An evergreen
colour is not materially impaired, and it is leguminous plant, a species of Anthyllis, the
considerably hardened. The standard silver A. barba Jovis.
of our coin is an alloy 222 parts of pure silver, Silver-buskined (sil'ver-bus-kind), a. Har.
and 18 of copper. Native silver occurs ing buskins adorned with silver. Fair
abundantly, and is generally alloyed with silver-buskin'd nymphs.' Milton.
gold, platinum, copper, iron, arsenic, cobalt, Silver-fir (sil'vér-fer). n. A species of fir,
&c. ,most frequently with platinum. The ores the Abies picea or Picea pectinata, so called
of silver are numerous, and indeed there are from two silvery lines on the under side of
few metallic ores which do not contain some the leaves. It is a native of the mountains
traces of it. The principal ores are the of the middle and south of Europe, but has
following: Monochloride of silver, or horn long been common in Britain. It grows to
silver, a soft bluish - gray mineral found the height of 150 to 180 feet, forming a very
chiefly in Chili and Peru, but also in smaller fine tree. Its timber is not so much prized
quantities in Siberia, the Hartz, Norway, as that of some other species, but is used
Saxony, Brittany, and Cornwall; it contains for various purposes, and is durable under
about 75 per cent of silver. Argentite, vit water. It yields resin, turpentine, tar, &c.,
reous sulphide of silver, or silver-glance, a especially the fine clear turpentine known
dark leaden-gray ore, with a metallic lustre as Strasburg turpentine. The American
when cut, found in Saxony, Bohemia, Hun silver-fir, the balm of Gilead fir (Abies bal.
gary, and Mexico; it contains about 86 per samea), yields the Canada-balsam used for
cent of silver. Brittle or black sulphide of optical purposes. Other species of Picea
silver or stephanite, a brittle, blackish are also called silver-firs.
mineral found at Freiberg, in Peru, and Silver - fish (sil'ver-fish), n. A fish of the
Mexico; it contains about 67 per cent of sil size of a small carp, having a white colour
ver. Polybasite, another form of the brittle striped with silvery lines. It is a variety of
sulphide, is of an iron-gray colour, and found the Cyprinus auratus, or gold-fish.
in Mexico, Chili, Nevada, and Idaho; it con- Silver - fox (silver-foks), n. A species of
tains from 64 to 72 per cent of silver. Dark fox, Vulpes argentatus, inhabiting the north-
red silver ore, ruby-silver, or Pyrargyrite, a ern parts of Asia, Europe, and America,
widely disseminated ore, yields about 60 per and distinguished by its rich and valuable
cent of silver. Native amalgam, a soft fur, which is of a shining black colour, har.
mineral of a bright silver-white appearance, ing a small quantity of white mixed with it
is found in many localities, and contains in different proportions.
about 36 per cent of silver. Argentijerous Silver-glance (silver-glans), n. A mineral,
galena, the sulphide of lead, which yields | a native sulphuret of silver. See under
a variable amount of silver, is reckoned very | SILVER.
rich when it contains 0.005.-Fulminating Silver - grain (sil'vėr-grán), n. A name
silver, a very explosive powder formed by given to the medullary rays, or vertical
heating aqueous nitrate of silver with strong plates of cellular tissue which connect the
nitric acid and alcohol. See FULMINATING. pith of exogenous plants with the bark.
-German silver, nickel silver. See GERMAN Silver - gray (sil'vér-grā), a. Of a colour
SILVER, NICKEL-SILVER.- 2. Money; coin resembling silver. Tennyson.
made of silver.-3. A piece of plate, or uten Silver-haired (sil' vér-hård), a. Having hair
sil for domestic use, made of silver. 'Sipt of the colour of silver; having white or gray
wine from silver, praising God.' Tennyson. hair.
4. Anything resembling silver; anything Silvering (sil'ver-ing), n. 1. The art, opera-
having a lustre like silver.

tion, or practice of covering the surface of Pallas ... piteous of her plaintive cries,

anything with silver, or with an amalgam In slumber clos'd her silver streaming eyes. Pope.

of tin and mercury; as, the silvering of cop

per or brass; the silvering of mirrors. -Silver is used in the formation of many self

2. The silver or amalgam laid on. explanatory compounds; as, silver-bright,

Silverize (sil'ver-iz), v. t. pret. & pp. silver. silver-clear, silver-coated, silver-sweet, silver-voiced, silver-white, &c.

ized; ppr. silverizing. To coat or cover with

silver. Silver (sil'ver), a. 1. Made of silver; as, a sil

Silver-leaf (sil'vėr-lēf), n. Silver foliated ver cup.-2. Resembling silver; having some

or beaten ont into a thin leaf. of the characteristics of silver; silvery: as,

Silverless (silver-les), a. Having no silver; (a) white like silver; of a shining white hue.

without money; im pecunious. Piers PlouShame to thy silver hair.' Shak. (6) Having

тап. a pale lustre; having a soft splendour. The

Silverling (sil'ver-ling), n. A silver coin. silver moon.' Shak.

A thousand vines at a thousand silverlinge.'
Yon silver beams

Is. vii, 23.
Sleep they less sweetly on the cottage thatch
Than on the dome of kings?


Silverly (sil'vér-li), adv. With a bright or

sparkling appearance, like silver.
(c) Bright; lustrous; shining; glittering.

Let me wipe off this honourable dew
Spread o'er the silver waves thy golden hairs. That silverly doth progress on thy cheeks. Skak.


This river does not see the naked sky, (d) Having a soft and clear tone. Music

Till it begins to progress silverly with her silver sound.' Shak. (e) Soft; Around the western border of the wood. Keals. gentle : quiet: peaceful. 'Silver slumber.

Silvern (sil'vèrn), a. Made of silver; silver. Spenser. -Silver age, the second mytholo

(Now archaic or poetical.) gical period in the history of the world,

Silver - paper (sil'vėr-pa-pér), n. Tissuefollowing the simple and patriarchal gol.

paper. den age. It is fabled as under the rule of

Silver-plated (sil'vėr-plåt-ed), a. Covered Jupiter, and was characterized by volup

with a thin coating of silver. tuousness. See Golden age under GOLDEN,

Silversmith (sil'ver-smith). n. One whose Iron age under IRON. The term silver age

occupation is to work in silver. Acts xix. 24. is also applied to a period of Roman litera

Silver - stick (silver-stik). n. The name ture subsequent to the most brilliant period,

given to a field-officer of the Life Guards and extending from about A.D. 14 to AD. 180.

when on palace duty. Silver (silver), v. t. 1. To cover superficially

Silver - thistle, Silvery - thistle (sil'verwith a coat of silver; as, to silver a pin or a

this-l, sil'vér-i-this-1), n. A plant of the gedial-plate.

nus Acanthus, the A. spinosus, a native of On a tribunal silver'd, Cleopatra and himself in chairs of gold

Southern Europe, but cultivated in this Were publicly enthroned.

Shak. country. Its leaves are supposed to have

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plates: the foremost ray of the dorsal and pectoral fins almost always consists of a strong bony ray, often serrated either in front or behind, or on both sides. The mouth is almost always provided with barbules. The only known European species of Silurus is the Silurus glanis, Linn., a fish of a very large size, which is found in the lakes of Switzerland, in the Danube, the Elbe, and all the rivers of Hungary. It takes its prey by lying in wait for it. The flesh, which is fat, is used in some places for the same purposes as lard. Siluridan (si-lü'ri-dan), n. A fish of the

family Silurida. Silurus (si-lû'rus), n. (L.) A genus of malacopterygious fishes, the type of the family Siluridæ. See SILURIDÆ. Silva (sil'va), n. (L., a wood.) 1. Same as Sylva.--2. A name given to a woodland plain of the great Amazonian region of South America. Silvan (silvan), a. (From L. silva, a wood or grove; hence also savage.] Pertaining to or composed of woods or groves; sylvan. See SYLVAN. Silvan (sil'van). n. An obsolete name for

the element tellurium. Written also Sylvan. Silvanite (sil'van-it), n. A mineral com

posed of tellurium, gold, and silver, called also Graphic Tellurium, of high value as an ore of gold. It is very sectile, is sometimes crystallized, and of a metallic lustre. Silvanus (sil-vānus. n. A Roman rural deity, so called from L. silva, a wood. He is usually represented with a sickle in his right hand and a bough in his left. He is described as the protector of herds and trees from wolves and lightning, the god of agriculture, or the defender of boundaries. Silvate (sil'vat), n. See SYLVATE. Silver (sil'ver), n. [A. Sax. seolfer, sylfer,

Icel. silfr, D. zilver, Dan. sölu, G. silber, Goth. silubr; cog. Rus. srebro, serebro, Lith. sidabras, Lett. sudrabs-silver. Root doubtful.) Sym. Ag. At wt. 108. 1. A metal which in its compact state is of a fine white colour and lively brilliancy. It possesses

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furnished to Callimachus the model for the similar (sim'i-lér), a. (Fr. similaire, from decoration of the capital of the columns in a hypothetical form similaris, from L. simithe Corinthian style of architecture.

lis, like, from a root seen also in E. same. Silver-tongued (silver-tungd), a. Having See SAME.] 1. Like; resembling; having a A smooth tongue or speech.

like form or appearance; like in quality, Suver-tree (silver-trē), n. A plant of the Similar may signify exactly alike, or havir gebas Leucodendron, L. argenteum, so called a general likeness, a likeness in the princi. from the appearance of the leaves, which pal points. The latter is the ordinary meanare lanceolate and silky. It is a large ever ing. A duty second and similar to that green shrub with handsome foliage, a native of the love of God.' Waterland. of the Cape of Good Hope.

There are other collateral manufactures of so simi Silver - weed (silver-wed ). n. A plant of lar a nature that a workman can easily transfer his the genus Potentilla, the P. anserina. industry from one of them to another. Adam Smith, Called also Goose-grass and Wild Tansy. 2. Homogeneous; of like structure or char

acter throughout. Boyle.-Similar arcs. See Silvery (silver-í), a. 1. Besprinkled, covered under ARC-Similar curves, curves whose with, or containing silver.-2. Like silver: equations are of the same form, and the ratio having the appearance of silver: white; of of the constants in those equations equal.a mild or silver-like lustre.

Similar rectilineal figures, in geom. such as Of all the enameld race whose silvery wing

have their several angles equal each to each, Waves to the tepid zephyrs of the spring. Pope.

and the sides about the equal angles propor

tional. Such figures are to one another as the la the berameter rises the fountain's silvery coluinn, Is the pentameter aye falling in melody back.

squares of their homologous sides. -Similar

Coleridge. segments of circles, those which contain 3 Clear and soft, as the sound of a silver equal angles. --Similar solids, such as are bell; as, silvery laughter. – 4. In bot. bluish

contained by the same number of similar white or gray, with a metallic lustre.

planes, similarly situated, and having like Silybum (sill-bum). n. A genus of compo

inclinations to one another. Such solids site plants belonging to the thistle group.

are to one another as the cubes of their S. Marianurn is the Carduus Marianus of

homologous sides. Linnæus, and is popularly known by the

Similar (sim'i-lér), n. That which is simi. name of milk-thistle. It is found in waste lar; that which resembles something else in places in Great Britain, and is distinguish

form, appearance, quality, or the like. able at once by the milky veins on its leaves, The question to be asked is, whether the associaand the great recurved scales of the invo tion established between the two feelings results imlacre The white veins on the leaves were

mediately from the cohesion of the one to the other,

or results mediately from the cohesion of each feeling supposed to have been produced by a drop and each relation between them to their respective of the Virgin Mary's milk.

similars in experience.

H. Spencer. Sima (sima). In arch. same as Cyma (which

Similarity (sim-i-lar'i-ti), n. The state of Simagret (sim'a-grā), n. (Fr. simagrée, a

being similar; close likeness; perfect or Timace.) A grimace. Dryden. (Rare.]

partial resemblance; as, a similarity of fea

tures. Simar, Simaret (si-mär, si-már), n. (Fr. rinnarne, It zimarra.) A woman's robe; a

From the similarity it bore to the spruce, I

judged that ... it would make a very wholesome loose light garment. Written also Cimar,


Cook. Cymar, Chimmar, and Simarre. Ladies

Similarly (sim'i-lėr-li), adv. In a similar or dressed in rich simars.' Dryden. 'A si.

like manner; with resemblance in essential marre of the richest Persian silk.' Sir W.

points. Sott.

Similaryt (sim'i-ler-i), a. Similar. 'RhymSimaruba (sim-a-ru'ba), n. The Caribbean

ing cadences of similary words.' South Dame of S. officinalis) A genus of the nat.

Simile (sim'i-le), n. L., a like thing, from order Simarubaceæ. They have compound

similis, like. See SIMILAR.] In rhet, the leaves and small paniculate unisexual flow

likening together of two things which, howErs. The bark of the root of S. amara or

ever different in other respects, have some oficinalis, a tall tree, a native of Guiana

strong point or points of resemblance; a and of Jamaica, is also called simaruba. It

poetic or imaginative comparison. is a tough, fibrous, bitter bark; the infu

0, sir, Lucentio slipped me like his greyhound, sion is occasionally used in medicine as a

Which runs himself and catches for his master. topic

-A good swift simile, but something currish. Shak. Simarubaceæ (sim'a-ru-bä"se-ē), n. pl. A nat order of usually bitter trees or shrubs, with

Similes are like songs in love;

They much describe, they nothing prove. Prior. simple or compound leaves and regular unisexual flowers, natives chiefly of the tor

--Simile, Metaphor, Allegory, Parable, agree rid zone.

in implying likeness between a primary obSimblot (sim'blot). n. The harness of a

ject, or the thing likened, and a secondary,

or that to which it is likened. Simile asserts Veaver's draw-loom Simmonds. Simeonite (sim'e-on-it), n. Eccles. a follower

mere resemblance, and states what is literof the Rev. Charles Simeon, a highly evan

ally true; as, man is like grass. Metaphor

asserts what, taken literally, is not true, afgelial clergyman of the English Church, who in the end of last century endeavoured

firming the primary to be the secondary; as, to establish a fund, known as 'the Simeon

all flesh is grass. Allegory has been defined

to be a continued metaphor, but improperly. trust,' for the purchase of cures, to which men of similar sentiments with himself

Metaphor presents always both objects; almight be presented; hence, a name some

legory, the secondary only, so that its real times given to Low-churchmen. Sometimes

meaning and application are only to be per

ceived by inference. The most characterabbreviated into Sim.

istic feature of allegory is the personifica"Do you mean to tell me now that you regard ... tion of abstract ideas and things without chapels us anything but an unmitigated nuisance?'

life, and the allegory generally forms an inMore certainly I do mean to tell you so, if you ask De' 'AL, I see-a !


dependent whole of some length. Spen

ser's Faëry Queen and Bunyan's Pilgrim's Simia (sim'i-a), n. [L, an ape, from simus, Progress are the most perfect examples in ful-nosed.] The generic name applied by modern literature. Parable is usually deLinnen to all the quadrumanous mammals voted to the inculcation of some truth or (monkeys) except the lemurs. The Linnaean principle by means of an invented case or Simie are divided into numerous sub-genera,

incident resembling or parallel to a real 1o none of which the name Simia is now case, the author of the parable being thus applied, except by some modern naturalists enabled to put prominently and forcibly to the species of the genus Pithecus (which forward the essential points intended to be sce)

emphasized. Rimiadæ (sim'i-a-de), 7. pl. A quadrumanous Similiter (si-milli-tér), adv. [L., in like family of mammals now limited to include manner.) In law, the technical designation the higher apes, such as the orangs, gorilla, of the form by which either party in pleadod chimpanzee.

ing accepts the issue tendered by his opSimian, Simial (sim'i-an, sim'i-al), a. or ponent.

pertaining to an ape; resembling an ape; Similitude (si-mil'i-tud), n. [Fr. simili. baring the character of an ape; ape-like.

tude, from L. similitudo, from similis, like.]

1. Likeness; resemblance; likeness in nature, We are aware that there may be vulgar souls who, og fry their simial selves, may doubt the con

qualities, or appearance. Bac Scipio.

Jerrold. Similitude of substance would cause attraction. I admitted that the differences between

Bacon. e bize of the highest races of man and that of

Let us make now man in our image, man the beest, though less in degree, are of the same

In our similitude.

Milton. as those which separate the simian from the Fate some future bard shall join

Sir C. Lyell.

In sad similitude of griefs to mine. Pope.

2. A comparison; a parable or allegory; a simile.

Tasso in his similitudes never departed from the woods, that is, his comparisons were taken from the country

Dryden. 3. A representation; a facsimile: a portrait. Similitudinary (si-mil'i-tü"di-na-ri), a. Involving the use of similitudes or similes: marking similitude. Sir E. Coke. Similor (sim'i-lor), n. A gold-coloured alloy

of copper and zinc. Written also Semilor. Simious (sim'i-us). a. (L. simia, an ape.] Pertaining to or like the monkey; monkeylike. That strange simious school - boy passion of giving pain to others.' Sydney Smith. Simitar (sim'i-tér). See SCIMITAR. Simmer (sim'er), v.i. (O.E. symper, to simmer; probably imitative of the gentle murmuring sound made by liquids beginning to boil or boiling very slowly.) To boil or bubble gently, or with a gentle hissing. * Till the spirit simmer or boil a little.' Boyle. Simmer (sim'er), v.t. To cause to boil gently. Simnelt (sim'nel),n. [Formerly also simenel. from 0. Fr. simenel, siminel, a cake of fine flour; L.L. simenellus, siminellus (for simi. lellus), from L. simila (with change of l to n), the finest wheat flour.) A cake made of fine flour: a kind of sweet cake; a crackuel.

Not common bread, but wassel bread and simnels, for his diet.' Fuller.

Sodden bread, which be called simmels or crack. nels, be verie unwholesome. Bullein (1595). Simoniac (si-mo'ni-ak), n. (Fr. simoniaque. See SIMONY.) One who practises simony, or who buys or sells preferment in the church. Simoniacal (si-mo-ni'ak-al), a. 1. Guilty of simony.

Add to your criminals the simoniacal ladies who seduce the sacred order into the difficulty of break. ing their troth.

Spectator 2. Pertaining to, involving, or consisting of simony, or the crime of buying or selling ecclesiastical preferment; as, a simoniacal presentation. Simoniacally (si-mo-ni'ak-al-li), adv. In a simoniacal manner; with the guilt or of. fence of simony. Simonian (si-mo'ni-an), n. A follower of

Simon Magus, whose system was a species of gnosticism. Simonious (si-mo'ni-us). a. Partaking of

simony; given to simony. Milton. Simonist (sim'on-ist), n. One who practises

or defends simony; a simoniac. Simony (sim'o-ni), n. (Fr. simonie, L.L. simonia, from Simon Magus, who wished to purchase the power of conferring the Holy Spirit. Ac. viii.] The act or practice of traf. ficking in sacred things; particularly, the buying or selling of ecclesiastical preferment, or the corrupt presentation of any one to an ecclesiastical benefice for money or reward. Simoom (si-möm'), n. (Ar. samúm, from samma, to poison.) A hot suffocating wind that blows occasionally in Africa and Arabia, generated by the extreme heat of the parched deserts or sandy plains. The air, heated by contact with the noonday burning sand, ascends, and the influx of colder air from all sides forms a whirlwind or miniature cyclone, which is borne across the desert laden with sand and dust. Its intense, dry, parching heat, combined with the cloud of dust and sand which it carries with it, has a very destructive effect upon both vegetable and animal life. The effects of the simoom are felt in neighbouring regions, where winds owing their origin to it are known under different names, and it is subject to important modifications by the nature of the earth's surface over which it passes. It is called Sirocco in South Italy, Samiel in Turkey, Solano in Spain, Kamsin in Egypt and Syria, and Harmattan in Guinea and Senegambia. Simoon (si-mön'), n. Same as Simoom, Simous (simus), a. (L: simus, flat-nosed: Gr. simo8.) 1. Having a very flat or snub nose, with the end turned up.-2. Concave. • The simous part of the liver.' Sir T.

Browne. Simpai (sim'pi), n. A beautiful little mon. key of Sumatra (Presbytes melalophos), remarkable for its extremely long and slender non-prehensile tail, and the black crest that traverses the crown of the head. Simper (sim'per), v.i. (Probably, as Wedg. wood thinks, the radical meaning is that of a conscious restraint of the lips and mouth,

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as if closing them in the pronunciation of Simple-minded (sim'pl-mind-ed), a. Art 2. Without addition; alone; absolutely. I the sound sipp, this word sipp in L. G. ex less; undesigning; unsuspecting

were simply the most active fellow i pressing the gesture of a compressed mouth, (They) bending oft their sanctimonious eyes

Europe.' Shak. and an affected pronunciation with pointed Take homage of the simple-minded throng.

They make that good or evil which otherwise of lips; comp. mim, mum. Similar words are

Aken side.

itself were not simply the one nor the other. Prov. G. zimpern, to be affectedly coy; Dan. Simple-mindedness (sim'pl-mind-ed-nes).

Hooter. semper, simper, coy.] 1. To smile in a silly

n. The state or quality of being simple 3. Merely; solely.
manner. Behold yond simpering dame.
minded; artlessness.

Simply the thing I am
Simpleness (sim'pl-nes), n. 1. The state or

Shall make me live.
Shak.--2. To glimmer; to twinkle,

Stak. quality of being simple, single, or uncom 4. Weakly; foolishly. Yet can I mark how stars above Simper and shine.

Simulachret (sim'u-la-ker), n. [L. simuG. Herbert

pounded; as, the simpleness of the elements.

2. Artlessness; simplicity; innocence; plain-| lacrum, a likeness, an image.) An image. Simper (sim'pér). n. A smile with an air of ness.

Sir T. Elyot silliness; an affected smile or smirk. The

For never anything can be amiss

Simulart (sim'ü-lér), n. (See SIMULATE.) conscious simper and the jealous leer.' When simpleness and duty tender it. Shak.

One who simulates or counterfeits somePope.

3. Weakness of intellect; silliness; folly. thing; one who pretends to be what he is not. Simperer (sim'pér-ér). n. One who simpers

What simpleness is this? Shak. Simperingly (sim'per-ing-li), adv. In a sim

Christ calleth the Pharisees hypocrites, that is to Simpler (sim'pl-ér), n. One that collects

say, simulars, and whited sepulchres. pering manner; with a silly smile.

Tyndale. Simpiesometer (sim'pi-ez-om"et-ér). See

simples or medicinal plants; an herbalist; Simulart (sim'ü-lér),a. Specious; plausible; SYMPIESOMETER. a simplist.

feigned; counterfeit Simple (sim'pl). a. (Fr. simple, from L. sim An English botanist will not have such satisfaction

I returned with simular proof enough in showing it to a simpler. pler, simple, from a root sa, sam, meaning

To make the noble Leonatus mad.

Shak. one or unity (also in sincere and in E. same), Simplesset (sim'ples), n. (Fr.) Simplicity; Simulate (sim'ü-lāt), v. t. pret. & pp. simand that of plica, a fold.] 1. Single; not com silliness. Chaucer; Spenser.

lated; ppr. simulating. (L. simulo, simuplex; consisting of one thing: uncompounded: 1 Simpleton (sim'pl-ton). n. (From simple, latum, from similis, like.] To assume the unmingled; uncombined with anything else; with French term. ton; comp. Fr. simplette, mere appearance of, without the reality: to as, a simple substance; a simple idea; a a silly wench.) One who is very simple, a assume the signs or indications of, falsely; simple sound.

silly person; a person of weak intellect; a to counterfeit; to feign. Among substances, some are called simple, some trifler; a foolish person.

What though the first smooth Cæsar's arts caressed compound, whether taken in a philosophical or vul A discredit, as lasting as mercenary scribblers or

Merit and virtue, simulating me! ThOMSON. gar sense.

curious simpietons can make it.


The Puritans ... prayed, and with no senselated fervour.

Macaulay. 2. Not given to design, stratagem, or dupli. Simplex (sim'pleks), n. (L) Simple; single. city; undesigning; sincere; harmless. "Tra Simpliciant (sim-plish'i-an), n. (O.Fr. sim

Simulate (sim'ü-lät), a. (L. simulatus, pp. dition's simple tongue.' Byron.-3. Artless plicien.) An artless, unskilled, or undesign

of simulo. See the verb.) Feigned; prein manner; unaffected; unconstrained ; in ing person; a simpleton.

tended. A simulate chastity.' Bale. artificial; unadorned; plain; as, a simple Simplicity (sim-plis'i-ti), n. (Fr. simplicité,

Simulation (sim-ü-lä'shon), n. L. Simustyle of narration; a simple dress L. simplicitas. See SIMPLE.) 1. The state

latio. See SIMULATE.) The act of simulat

ing or of feigning to be that which one is In simple manners all the secret lies. Young.

or quality of being simple, unmixed, or un-
compounded; as, the simplicity of metals

not; the assumption of a deceitful appear. 4. Mere; pure; being no more and no less;

ance or character. Simulation differs from or of earths. Discoverable in their simbeing nothing else but. “A simple knight plicity and mixture.' Sir T. Browne.-2. The

dissimulation. The former denotes the asamong his knights.' Tennyson. state or quality of being not complex, or of

suming of a false character; the latter deA medicine ... whose simple touch consisting of few parts; as, the simplicity

notes the concealment of the true character. Is powerful to araise king Pepin. Shak. of a machine.

Simulation is a pretence of what is not: dissimoA heated pulpiteer,

lation a concealment of what is.

Suche. We are led to conceive that great machine of the Not preaching simple Christ to simple men,

world to have been once in a state of greater sin Sex. Counterfeiting, feint, pretence. Announced the coming doom. Tennyson.

plicity than it now is.


Simulator (sim'ü-lät-er), n. One who simu5. Not distinguished by any excellence; of an 3. Artlessness of mind; freedom from a pro lates or feigns. average quality; common; plain; humble; pensity to cunning or stratagem; freedom Simulatory (sim'ü-la-to-ri), a. Consisting lowly.

from duplicity; sincerity; harmlessness. By in or characterized by simulation.
Great floods have flown
the simplicity of Venus' doves.' Shak.

Jehoran wisely suspects the flight of the Syrians to From simple sources.

Of manner gentle, of affections mild;

be but simulatory, ... only to draw Israel cut of Clergy and laity... gentle and simple, made the

In wit a man, simplicity a child.

their city.

Bp. Hall. fuel of the same fire.

Fuller. 6. Not complex or complicated; as, a ma.

4. Freedom from artificial ornament; plain Simulium (si-mūli-um), n. [L simulo, to chine of simple construction.-7. Unmis

feign.) A genus of dipterous insects of the ness; as, the simplicity of a dress, of style,

family Tipulidæ. One species is known by takable; clear; intelligible; as, a simple of language, &c.

the name of sand-fly; its larvæ are found on statement.-8. Weak in intellect; not wise

Give me a look, give me a face,
That makes simplicity a grace;

the stems of water-plants, and when any. or sagacious; silly.

Robes loosely flowing, hair as free;

thing disturbs the water they become per. The simple believeth every word; but the prudent

Such sweet neglect more taketh me

fectly still and motionless. The species of looketh well to his going.

Prov. xiv. 15.
Than all th' adulteries of art. B. Jonson.

Simulium are small, and often prove very I am ashamed that women are so simple

5. Freedom from subtlety or abstruseness ; troublesome from piercing the flesh. To offer war where they should kneel for peace. clearness; as, the simplicity of Scriptural Simultaneity (sim'ul-ta-nē"i-ti). n. State

"Shak. 9. In bot: undivided, as a root, stem, or doctrines or truth.-6. Weakness of intellect; or quality of being simultaneous. De Quit

cey. spike; only one on a petiole; as, a simple

silliness; folly.

How long, ye simple ones, will ye love simplicity. Simultaneous (sim-ul-ta' nē-us), a. (Fr. leaf; only one on a peduncle; as, a simple

Prov. i. 22. simultanée, L. L. simultaneus, from L simul, flower; having only one set of rays, as an Simplification (sim'pli-fi-kå"shon), n (Fr. at the same time.) Taking place or hapumbel; having only one series of leaflets; as,

simplification.) The act of simplifying; the pening at the same time; done at the same a simple calyx; not plumose or feathered, as

act of making simple; the act of reducing time; as, simultaneous events; the simula pappus.-10. In chem. applied to a body

to simplicity, or to a state not complex. taneous eruption of two volcanoes "A like that has not been decomposed or separated

The simplification of machines renders them more mutual and simultaneous exchange.' Glaninto two or more bodies; elementary. See

and more perfect, but this simplification of the rudi. ville. - Simultaneous equations, in math. Elementary substances under ELEMENTARY. ments of languages renders them more and more

equations in which the values of the un11. In mineral. homogeneous. -Simple con imperfect, and less proper for many of the purposes

of language. tract, simple equation, simple interest, &e.

Adam Smith.

known quantities entering them are the

same in both or in all at the same time. See under the nouns. -SYN. Single, uncom Simplify (sim'pli-fi), 0.t. pret. & pp. simpli

Simultaneously (sim-ul-tå'nē-us-li), ade. pounded, unmingled, unmixed, mere, un fied; ppr. simplifying. Fr. simplifier, L.L.

At a simultaneous time; in a simultaneons combined, elementary, plain, artless, sin simplificare, from L. simplex, simple, and cere, harmless, undesigning, frank, open, facio, to make.

manner; together; in conjunction.

To make simple; to bring unaffected, inartificial, unadorned, credu to greater simplicity; to reduce from the

He introduces the deities of both acting simul.

taneously. lous, silly, foolish, shallow, unwise. complex state; to show an easier or shorter

Sher stone. Simple (sim'pl), n. 1. Something not mixed process for doing or making; to make plain

Simultaneousness (sim-ul-tå'nė-us-nes), n. or compounded. or easy.

The state or quality of being simultaneous,

or of happening at the same time, or acting Philosophers have generally advised men to shun It is a melancholy of mine own, compounded of needless occupations, as the certain impediments of

in conjunction; as, the simultaneousness of many simples, extracted from many objects. Skał.

a good and happy life; they bid us endeavour to transactions in two different places. Specifically, a medicinal herb or medicine simplify ourselves.

Simulty t (sim'ul-ti), n. [L. simultas, hosobtained from an herb: so called because The collection of duties is drawn to a point, and so tile encounter.) Private grudge or quarrel. each vegetable was supposed to possess its far simplified

A. Hamilton,

To enquire after domestic simulties. B. particular virtue, and therefore to consti Simplist (sim'pl - ist). n. One skilled in Jonson tute a simple remedy.

simples or medicinal plants; a simpler. Simurg (si-marg), n. A fabulous monstrous We walked into a large garden, esteemed for its A plant so unlike a rose, it hath been mistaken by bird of the Persians. See Roc furniture, one of the fairest, especially for simples some good simplists for amomum. Sir T. Browne. Sin (sin). n. (A. Sax. synn, sin, sin, evil, and exotics.


Simplistic (sim-plis'tik), a. Of or pertain wickedness; Icel, and Dan, synd, O.D. sunde, 2. In the R. Cath. Ch. a feast celebrated ing to simples or a simplist. (Rare ]

G. sünde, sin. Origin obscure; perhaps conwith less ceremony than a double or semi Simplitył (sim'pli-ti), n. Simplicity. Piers nected with the A. Sax. prefix sin, very, exdouble. See DOUBLE Plouman.

ceeding. great, or with sunder, astunder.] Simple (sim'pl), v.i. pret. & pp. simpled; Simploce (sim'pló-së), n. Same as Symploce. 1. The voluntary departure of a moral agent ppr. simpling. To gather simples or plants. Simply (sim'pli), adv. 1. In a simple manner; from a known rule of rectitude or duty *As simpling on the flowery hills he strayed.' without art; without subtlety: artlessly; prescribed by God; any voluntary transGarth. plainly.

gression of the divine law, or violation of a Simple-hearted (sim'pl-härt-ed), a. Having

Subverting worldly strong, and worldly wise

divine command; moral de pravity: wickeda simple heart; single-hearted; ingenuous. By simply meek.

Milton ness; iniquity. Sin is either a positive act

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in which a known divine law is violated, or it is the voluntary neglect to obey a positive divine command, or a rule of duty clearly implied in such command. Sin comprebends not actions only, but neglect of known duty, all evil thoughts, purposes, words, and desires, whatever is contrary to Goul's commands or law.

Whosoever committeth six transgresseth also the Law; for sin is a transgression of the law. 1 Jn. iii. 4.

Therefore to bim that knoweth to do good, and doeth it not, to him it is sin,

Jas. iv. 17. All crimes are indeed sins, but not all sins crimes. A mix may be in the thought or secret purpose of a man, of which neither a judge, nor a witness, nor any man can take notice.

Hobbes." Sin is spoken of in theology as original or actual. Actual sin is the act of a moral agent in violating a known rule of duty. Original sin, as generally understood, is Dative depravity of heart; that want of conformity of heart to the divine will, that corruption of nature or deterioration of the moral character of man, which is supposed to be the effect of Adam's apostasy; and which manifests itself in moral agents by positive acts of disobedience to the divine vill, or by the voluntary neglect to comply with the express commands of God.-- Deadly ar mortal ein, in the R. Cath. Ch. wilful and deliberate transgressions which take away divine grace: in distinction from venial sins. The seven deadly sins are murder, lust, covetousness, pride, envy, gluttony, idleDess-2 An offence in general; a transgresston; as, & sin against good taste.-3. A sinodering; an offering made to atone for sin. He hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no

2 Cor. V. 21. 47 An incarnation or embodiment of sin; a man enormously wicked.

Thy ambition,
Thou scarlet sin, robbed this bewailing land
Of noble Buckingham.

Shak. Sin (sin), ti pret. & pp. sinned; ppr, sinning. (See the noun.] 1. To commit a sin; to depart voluntarily from the path of duty prescribed by God to man; to violate the divine lav in any particular by actual transgression or by the neglect or non-observance of its injunctions; to violate any known rule of duty.

Al bare sinned and come short of the glory of God

Rom. iii. 23. Often followed by against.

Against thee, thee only, have I sinned. Ps. li. 4. 2 To offend against right, against men, society. or a principle; to transgress; to trespass: with against.

I am a man
More sinx'd against than sinning. Shak.
And who but wishes to invert the laws
Of order sins against th' eternal Cause. Pope,

It would be dishonest to shun the reference to existing circumstances and the established order of things in explaining the fundamental principles of sound policy against which the institutions of the State are found clearly to sin,

Brougham. It is occasionally used transitively, in sense of to commit, with sin as object. 'All is past, the sin is sinn'd." Tennyson. --Sinning one's mercies, being ungrateful for the gifts of Providence. [Scotch.)

I know your good father would term this' sinning sy mercier.'

Sir W. Scott. Sin (ein), ado. Since. (Old English and Seotch) Knowing his voice, although not heard long sin,

She sadden was revived therewithall, Spenser. Sinaic (ci-nä'ik). a. Same as Sinaitic. Sinaitic (si-nå-it'ik), a. (From Sinai, the mountain ) Pertaining to Mount Sinai; given or made at Sinai. Sinamomet (sin'a-mom), n. Cinnamon. Sinapine (sin'a-pin), n. "(CH, NO.) An organic base existing as a sulphocyanate in white mustard seed Sinapis (si-nå'pis), n (L. sinapis, sinapi, Gr. Kinapi, mustard.) A genus of herbaCROUS plants of the nat, order Cruciferie. The characteristic features of the species are: calyx of four spreading sepals; style small, short, acute; fruit cylindrical, its valves traversed by one or more prominent nerves; seeds in one row. The seeds of S. FENGTE and S. alba, when freed from the basks and ground, form the well-known condiment mustard. See MUSTARD. Sinapism (sin'a-pizm), n (Fr, sinapisme, L. sinapixus. See SINAPIS.) In phar. a cataplast or poultice composed of pulverized mustard seed mixed to a proper consistence with warm water or vinegar. It is used for exciting redness, and acts as & powerful counter-irritant.

Sin-born (sin'born), a. Born of sin; origin. ating, sprung, or derived from sin. 1

sin-born monster' (Death). Milton. Sin-bred (sin'bred), a. Produced or bred by sin. Honour dishonourable, sin-bred.'

Milton. Since (sins), adv. (O.E. sins, sinnes, sithens, sithence, all genitive forms from A. Sax. siththan-sith, after, since, and than, that time, a dative form of that, the, that, demonstrative article. Comp. hence, whence.) 1. From that time; after that time; from then till now; in the interval. "St. George that swinged the dragon, and e'er since sits on his horse.' Shak. Who since I heard to be discomfited.' Shak.

I cannot abide the smell of hot meat since. Shak. 2. Before this or now; ago.

The world was very guilty of such a ballad some three ages since.

Shak, Sometimes it is nearly equal to when.

Do you remember since we lay all night in the windmill in St. George's field?

Shak. Since (sins), prep. Ever from the time of;

in or during the period subsequent to; subsequently to; after: with a past event or time for the object. Since his exile she hath despised me most. Shak.

Since the beginning of the world, men have not heard... what he hath prepared for him that waiteth for him.

Is. Ixiv. 4. Since (sins), coni. 1. From the time when. (Here it may be regarded alternately as a preposition governing a clause.) I have been in such a pickle since I saw you last. Shak.

According to the revelation of the mystery which was kept secret since the world began. Rev. xvi. 25. 2. Because that; seeing that; inasmuch as.

Since truth and constancy are vain,
Since neither love nor sense of pain,
Nor force of reason can persuade,

Then let example be obey'd. Glanville. Sincere (sin-ser), a. (L. sincerus, sincere, often derived from sine, without, and cera, wax, as if primarily applied to honey without admixture of wax, but modern etymologists do not admit this derivation, and in the element sin recognize the sim of L. simu, the sam of Skr. sama, all, E, same, and, in cerus, the same root as in Icel. skir, Goth. skeirs, E. sheer, pure, clear, the sense thus being all or wholly clear.) 1. Pure; unmixed. "A joy which never was sincere till now.' Dryden.

As new-born babes, desire the sincere milk of the word.

1 Pet. ii. 2. There is no sincere acid in any animal juice.

Arbuthnot. I would have all gallicisms avoided, that our tongue may be sincere.

Felton. 2. Unhurt; uninjured. Th'inviolable body stood sincere.' Dryden.-3. Being in reality what it appears to be; not feigned, not simulated: not assumed or said for the sake of appearance; real: genuine. His love sincere.' Shak.-4. Honest; undissembling; guileless; frank; truthful; true.

The more sincere you are the better it will fare with you at the great day of account. In the meantime give us leave to be sincere too in condemning heartily what we heartily disapprove.

Waterland As a preacher Mr. H, was sincere but not earnest.

De Quincey. - Hearty. Cordial, Sincere. See under HEARTY --SYN. Honest, unfeigned, unvarnished, real, true, unaffected, inartificial, frank, upright, undissembling. Sincerely (sin - sēr'li). adv. In a sincere manner; as, (a) without alloy or mixture; perfectly. Everything that is sincerely good and perfectly divine.' Milton. (6) Honestly; with real purity of heart; without simulation or disguise ; unfeignedly : as, to speak one's mind sincerely; to love virtue sincerely. Hear me profess sincerely: had I a dozen sons

.. I had rather had eleven die nobly for their country than one voluptuously surfeit out of action.

Skak. Sincereness (sin-sēr'nes), n. Sincerity.

Sir W. Temple. Sincerity (sin-ser'i-ti), n. (Fr. sincérité, L. sinceritas. See SINCERE) The state or quality of being sincere; honesty of mind or intention; freedom from simulation or hypocrisy; truthfulness; genuineness; earnestness.

I speak not by commandment, but ... to prove the sincerity of your love.

2 Cor. viil 8. I should say sincerity, a deep, great, genuine sin. cerity, is the first characteristic of all men in any way heroic.

Carlyle. Sincipital (sin-sip'it-al), a. In anat, of or pertaining to the sinciput. The parietal bones have been called sincipital.


Sinciput (sin'si-put), n. [L] The fore part of the head from the forehead to the coronal suture, in contradistinction to the occiput or back part of the head. Sindoc, n. See SINTOC. Sindon t (sin'don), n. (L., a kind of fine textile fabric; Gr. sindón, probably from Sindos, the Indus.] 1. A piece of cotton or linen; a wrapper. 'A book and a letter, ... wrapped in sindons of linen.' Bacon. 2. In surg. a small piece of rag or round pledget introduced into the hole of the cranium made by a trephine. Dunglison. Sine (sin), n. (L. sinus, a bending, a curve, a bosom.) In trigon, the straight line drawn from one extremity of an arc perpendicular

to the diameter passing through the other extremity. Thus, in the circle ACH, let

AOH be a diameter, E

and let ce be perpendicular thereto; then shall. CE be the sine of the arc , or of

the angle Con, and of its supplement con. The sine of a quad. rant or of a right angle is equal to the radius. The sine of any arc is half the chord of twice that arc.- Artificial sines, logarithms of the natural sines, or logarithmic sines. --Natural sines, sines expressed by natural numbers.

- Versed sine of an arc or angle, the segment of the diameter intercepted between the sine and the extremity of the arc; thus Eh is the versed sine of the arc ch, or of the angle Con, and of its supplement coA. - Arithmetic of sines, a term employed to denote analytical trigonometry. Its obiect is to exhibit the relation of the sines, cosines, tangents, &c., of arcs, multiple arcs, &c. Line of sines, a line on the sector or Gunter's scale, &c., divided according to the sines, or expressing the sines. Sine (si'nē). A Latin preposition signifying

without. See SINE DIE, SINE QUA NON. Sin-eater (sin'ēt-er), n. A person hired at

funerals in ancient times to eat a piece of bread laid upon the chest of a dead person, and so take his sins on himself, that the soul of the deceased might rest in peace. Sinecural (si'ne-ku-ral), a. Of or relating

to a sinecure; of the nature of a sinecure. Sinecure (si'nē-kūr), n. (L. sine, without, and cura, cure, care. ] 1. Originally and strictly, an ecclesiastical benefice without cure of souls. There are three sorts of ecclesiastical sinecures: (a) where the bene. fice is a donative, and is committed to the incumbent by the patron expressly without cure of souls, the cure either not existing or being intrusted to a vicar; this is the strictest sinecure. (b) Certain cathedral offices, viz. the canonries and prebends, and, according to some authorities, the deanery. (c) Where a parish is destitute of parishioners, having become depopulated. - 2. Any office which has revenue without employ. ment. A lucrative sinecure in the excise." Macaulay. Sinecure (si'nē-kūr), v.t. pret. & pp. sinecured; ppr. sinecuring. To place in a sinecure. Sinecurism (si'nė-kūr-izm), n. The state

of holding a sinecure. Sinecurist (si'nē-kūr-ist), . 1. One who holds a sinecure.-2. An advocate for sinecures. Sine die (si'nē di'é), adv. (L., without day.)

A term used with reference to an adjournment or prorogation of an assembly or meeting, as of a court or of parliament, without any specified day or time for resuming the subject or business, or reassenbling. When a defendant is suffered to go sine die he is dismissed the court. Sine qua non (si'nē kwā non), n. (L., without which not.) Something absolutely necessary or indispensable; an indispensable condition; as, he made the presence of a witness a sine qua non. Sinew (sin'ü), n. [A. Sax, sinewe, sinu; 0.H.G. senewa, Mod. G. sehne, Icel. sin, Dan. sene, a sinew. Perhaps akin to A. Sax. prefix sin, very. Comp. Gr. is, inos, fibre, nerve, strength, force.] 1. The tough fibrous tissue which unites a muscle to a bone; a tendon. 2. Muscle: nerve. Sir J. Davies. (Rare. 3. That which gives strength or vigour; that in which strength consists. The portion and siner of her fortune, her marriage dowry.' Shak.

Victuals and ammunition,
And money, too, the sinctus of the war,
Are stored up.

Beau, & FI.

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Sinew (sin'ü), v.t. To knit or strengthen, or poetry. While stretch'd at ease you 4. Unmarried; as, a single man; a single as by sinews. So shalt thou sinew both sing your happy loves.' Dryden.

woman; a single life. So single chose to these lands together.' Shak.

The last, the happiest British king,

live, and shunn'd to wed.' Dryden.-5. Not We should find that creatures now stuck up for

Whom thou shalt paint or I shall sing. Addison. twisted, doubled, or combined with others, long tortures ... might, if properly treated, serve

Arms and the man I sing. Dryden. as, a single thread.-6. Performed by one to sinew the state in time of danger Goldsmith.

3. To usher, attend on, or celebrate with person, or by one person only opposed to Sinewed (sin'ûd), p. and a. Having sinews; song; to accompany or convoy with singing:

another; as, a single combat. 'In single hence, strong firm ; vigorous; sinewy. | as, to sing the old year out and the new

opposition, hand to hand.' Shak. Thy ap. 'Strong sinewed was the youth.' Dryden. year in.

pellant, who now defies thee thrice to single Until endurance grew sinew'd with action.'

I heard them singing home the bride;

fight.' Milton.-7. Not double or deceitTennyson.

And as I listened to their song.

ful; simple; honest; unbiased; sincere. "I I thought my turn would come ere long.

speak it with a single heart.' Shak.-8. Not He will the rather do it when he sees

Longfellow Ourselves well sinewed to our defence. Shak. 4. To act or produce an effect on by singing.


As simple ideas are opposed to complex, and single Sinewiness (sin'ü-i-nes), n. The quality of 'Sing me now asleep.' Shak.

to compound, so propositions are distinguished. being sinewy.

She will sing the savageness out of a bear. Shak. Sinewisht (sin'ū-ish), a. Sinewy. Holin- Singe (sinj), v.t. pret. & pp. singed; ppr.

9.Small; weak; silly. He utters such shed. singeing. (A. Sax. sengan, to singe, lit. to

single matter in so infantly a voice.' Beau, Sinewless (sin'ü-les), a. Having no strength cause to sing, a caus. of singan, to sing ; so

& Pl.--10. In bot, applied to a flower when or vigour. also G. sengen, to singe.) 1. To burn slightly

there is only one on a stem; in common The arm of the church is now short and sinewless. or superficially; to burn the surface of; to

usage, applied to a flower not double. Bp. Hall. burn the ends or outside of; to scorch; as,

Single perianth, a perianth of one verticil. Sinewoust (sin'ü-us), a. Sinewy. Armes

to singe the nap of cloth or the hair of the as in the tulip and lily.-Single ale, single and other lims more sinewous than fleshy.' head; to singe off the beard.

drink, single beer, old terms for small-beer, Holinshed.

Thus riding on his curls, he seem'd to pass

as double beer was for strong. Sinew-shrunk (sin'ü-shrungk), a. In far

A rolling fire along, and singe the grass. Dryden.

The very smiths... drink penitent single ale. riery, having the sinews under the belly

Bean & FZ. Specifically-2. In calico-printing, to remove shrunk by excess of fatigue: said of a horse.

Dawson the butler's dead; although I think Sinewy (sin'ü-i), a. 1. Pertaining to, conthe nap from, to prepare the calico for dye

Poets were ne'er infus'd with single drink, ing or printing, by passing it over a red-hot

I'll spend a farthing, muse. Bp. Corbet. sisting of, or resembling a sinew or sinews. roller, through a gas flame, or the like.

--Single blessedness, the unmarried state: The sineny thread my brain lets fall. Donne.

Singe (sinj), n. A burning of the surface; a celibacy. Grows, lives, and dies in single 2. Well braced with sinews; nervous; strong; slight burn.

blessedness.' Shak. -Single entry. See BOOKvigorous; firm; as, the sinery Ajax. Shak. | Singeing-machine (sinj'ing-ma-shēn), n. A

KEEPING machine in which the fibrous down is reThe northern people are large, fair-complexioned,

Single (sing'gl), v.t. pret. & pp. singled; ppr. strong, sinewy, and courageous. Sir M. Hale.

moved from cotton cloth by passing it singling. 1. To select individually from The smith, a mighty man is he, through a gas flame.

among a number; to choose out separately With large and sincwy hands. Longfellow. Singer (sing'er). n. 1. One who sings.

from others: with out or similar words. Sinful (sin'ful ). a. 1. Tainted with or full

2. One whose occupation is to sing; a skilled Dogs who can single out their master in

or professional vocalist; as, a solo singer; a of sin; wicked; iniquitous; criminal; unholy;

the dark.' Bacon.
trained singer.
as, sinful men.

I saw him in the battle range about,
I gat me men-singers and women-singers, and the

And how he singled Clifford forth. Shak. Ah, sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity!

delights of the sons of men, as musical instruments. Is. i. 4.

| 2. To sequester; to withdraw; to retire,

Eccl. ii. 8.
A sinful heart makes feeble hand. Sir W. Scott. | singer (sinj'er), . One who or that which

An agent singling itself from consorts.' 2. Containing sin or consisting in sin; con singes; specifically, in calico-manuf. (a) a

Hooker. - 3.To take alone or apart. trary to the laws of God; as, sinful actions; person employed in singeing the nap off the

Many men there are than whom nothing is more sinful thoughts; sinful words cloth. (6) A singeing-machine.

commendable when they are singled. Hocker. Nature herself, though pure of sinful thought, Singeress (singer-es), n. A female singer. Single-acting (sing'gl-akt-ing), a. A term Wrought in her so, that, seeing me, she turned. Wickliffe.

applied to a steam-engine in which steam Milton. Singhalese (sing-ga-lēz'), n. sing, and pl. A

is admitted to one side only of the piston. - Criminal, Sinful, Wicked, Immoral, De native or natives of Ceylon; Cingalese. Single-block (sing'gl-blok), n. A block hav. praved. See under CRIMINAL Singhara-nut (sing-hara-nut), a. In Hinh |

ing but a single sheave; a single sheave in Sinfully (sin'fyl-li), adv. In a sinful man dustan, the name given to the fruit of a

a pair of cheeks. ner; wickedly; iniquitously; criminally. species of Trapa, the T. bispinosa. (See

Single-breasted (singol-brest-ed), a AnThe humble and contented man pleases himself TRAPA.) These nuts are sweet and edible, plied to a coat or waistcoat which buttons innocently and easily, while the ambitious man at and form an extensive article of cultivation

only to one side, and has not flaps for overtempts to please others sin fully and difficultly.

in Cashmere and other parts of the East. lapping. South.

Singing-bird (sing'ing-bérd), n. A bird that Below his single-breasted black surtout, which Sinfulness (sin'fyl-nes), n. The quality of sings; a song-bird.

was buttoned up to his chin, appeared the usual num. being sinful or contrary to the divine will; Singing - book (sing'ing-byk), n. A book

ber of pepper-and-salt-coloured legs. Dickens. wickedness; depravity; moral corruption :

containing music for singing; a song-book. Single-cut (sing'gl-kut), a. A term applied iniquity; criminality; as, the sinfulness of

Singing - bread (sing'ing-bred), n. In the to a file which has but a single rank of teeth: an action; the sinfulness of thoughts or pur

R. Cath. Ch. the larger bread used by the that is, having the teeth cut in one direction poses. 'Supernal grace contending with priest in offering mass: so called because

only, and not crossing. sinfulness of men.' Milton.

its manufacture was accompanied by sing. Single-handed (sing gl-hand-ed), a. 1. Har. Sing (sing), v.1. pret. sang, sung (it would be ing. Called also Singing-cakes and Housel ing one hand or workman only.--2. Unasdifficult to say which is the cominoner); pp. ing bread.

sisted: by one's self; alone; as, to lift a sung ; ppr. singing. [A. Sax, singan, pret. Singingly (sing'ing-li), adv. In a singing

heavy article single-handed. sang, pp. sungen; common to the Teutonic

manner; with sounds like singing. Speak | Single-hearted (sing'gl-hart-ed), a. Having tongues: Icel. singja, Dan. synge, G. singen, ing lispingly, and answering singingly.'

a single or honest heart; without duplicity Goth. siggvan, to sing; perhaps onomatoNorth,

Single-minded (sing'gl-mind-ed), a. Having poetic; comp. Gael. seinn, to ring as a bell,

Singing-man (sing'ing-man), n. A man who a single or honest mind or heart; free from to play on an instrument, to sing.) 1. To

sings or is employed to sing, as in cathe- duplicity; ingenuous; guileless. utter sounds with musical inflections or drals. Shak.

Singleness (sing'gl-nes). n. The state or melodious modulations of voice, as fancy

Singing - master (sing'ing-mas-tér), n. A quality of being single; (a) the state or conmay dictate, or according to the notes of a

teacher of vocal music or the art of sing. dition of being one only or separate from song or tune. ing. Addison.

all others; the opposite of doubleness or The noise of them that sing do I hear. Ex. xxxii. 18. Singing - woman (sing'ing-wy-man), n. A nultiplicity. (6) Simplicity: sincerity: purity 2. To utter sweet or melodious sounds, as woman employed to sing.

of mind or purpose; freedom from duplibirds; to produce continuous murmuring,

Single (sing'gl), a. (L. singulus, single, from city; as, singleness of heart. rhythmical, or pleasing sounds. root sin, sim, seen in simple, sincere (which It is not the deepness of their knowledge, but the

singleness of their belief, which God accepteth. see)) 1. One only, as distinguished from a When he was by, the birds such pleasure took,

Hooker. That some would sing. .

number; consisting of one alone; not double Shak.

Singles (sing'glz), n. The reeled filaments At eve a dry cicala sung. Tennyson. or more; as, a single star; a single city; a

of silk, twisted into a thread. See SILK. single act. 'A double heart for his single 3. To give out or cause a small shrill or

Single-stick (sing'gl-stik), n. one.' Shak. 'Scants us with a single kiss.

1. A cudgel, humming sound; as, the air sings in passing Shal. It is often emphatic: even one; as,

called also a Backsucord. Hence--2. A game through a crevice. I shall not give you a single farthing.

at cudgels, in which he who first brings O'er his head the flying spear

blood from his adversary's head is pro

O for a single hour of that Dundee Sang innocent, and spent its force in air. Pope.

nounced victor.

Who on that day the word of onset gave. Dry sang the tackle, sang the sail. Tennyson.


Single-thorn (sing'gl-thorn), n. The popuThe kettle was singing, and the clock was ticking 2. Individual; particular; considered as lar name for a Japanese fish (Monocentris steadily towards four o'clock. George Eliot. apart. For my single self, I had as lief not

Japonicus) of the family Berycidæ, remark4. To tell or relate something in numbers be.' Shak. Trust to thy single virtue.'

able for the size of its head, its strong thornor verse. Shak.

like spines, and its mailed suit of hard proBid her ... sing No single man is born with a right of controlling

jecting scales. It is of a silvery-white colof human hope by cross events destroy'd. Prior.

the opinions of all the rest.


our, and about 6 or 7 inches long. It is the Sing (sing), v.t. 1. To utter with musical 3. Alone; having no companion or assistant.

only known species of the genus. modulations of voice.

"Each man apart, all single and alone.'

| Single-tree (sing'gl-trē), n. Same as Sringle

tree. And they sing the song of Moses, the servant of Shak. God, and the song of the Lamb. Rev. xv. 3.

Singlo (sin'glo), n. A sort of fine tea, with

For what, alas, can these my single arms! Shak. A merry song we sang with him. Tennyson.

Well hast thou fought

large, flat leaves, and not much rolled. SimThe better fight, who single hast maintain'd

monds. 2. To celebrate in song; to give praises to in

Against revolted multitudes the cause

Singly (sing'gli), adv. 1. Individually: parverse; to relate or rehearse in numbers, verse, of truth.

Multon. ticularly; separately. 'Demand them singly.

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