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Shak. 'To make men singly and personally good/ TMotion.—2. Only; by one's self.

I .*>k thee, 'bs so. thou singly honest man. Shak.

3- Without partners, companions, or associates; as, to attack another tangly. 'At ombre singly to decide their doom.' Pope.

4 Honestly;"sincerely. — 5 t Singularly. 'An edict singly unjust' Milton.

Sing-song (aing'song), n. A term for bad sinking or chanting; a drawling or monotonous tone, or wearying succession of tones; repetition of similar words or tones. 'A languid sing-song of laborious riddles.' Craik.

Sing-song (singsong), a. Drawling; chanting; monotonous, as sound; as, a sing-song tone of voice.

Singstert (sing'ster), n, A female who siugs; a songstress- Wickliffe.

Singular (sing'gu-ler), a. fL. singularis, from singultus, single. ] l.t Separate from others; single. 'To try the matter in a singular combat ' Uolinshed.— 2. Belonging to one; single; individual.

That idea which represents one determinate thing, is called a singular idea, whether simple, complex, or compound. Watts.

3. Id gram, denoting one person or thing; as, the singular number: opposed to dual and ylural —4. Marked as apart from others; without parallel; unexampled. 'Some villain, ay, and eitigular in his art.' Shak.—

5 Out of the usual course; remarkable; unusual ; uncommon; strange; as, a singular phenomenon

So singular a sadness
Must have a cau^c as strange a* the effect.


6 Above or greater than common; remarkable; eminent; unusual; rare; as. a man of singular gravity or singular attainments. 'Men of singular integrity.' Shak.—7. Not complying with common usage or expectation; hence, peculiar; odd; as, he was very singular in his behaviour.

His zeal

None seconded, as . . . singular and rash. Milton.

&. Being alone; that of which there is but one; unique.

These t>»5!s of the emperors and empresses are scarce, and some of them ahnost singular in their kcad. Addison.

—Singular proposition, in logic, one which has fur its subject either a singular term or a common term limited to one individual by a singular sign — Singular term, a term which stands for one individual. See TERM. —Singular successor, in Scots law, a purchaser or other disponee, or acquirer by titles, whether judicial or voluntary, in contradistinction to the heir, who succeeds by a general title of succession or universal representation,— Eccentric, Singular,Strange, Odd See under ECCENTRIC. Syn. Unexampled, unprecedented, eminent, extraordinary, remarkable, uncommon, rare, unusual, peculiar, strange, odd, eccentric, fantastic.

Singular (sing'gu-lcr), n. 1. A particular instance. Dr. //. More. [Rare.]—2. In gram. the singular number.

SingulartBt (sing'gu-ler-ist), n. One who affects singularity. 'A clownish singularist, or nonconformist to ordinary rules.' Barrow.

Singularity (aing-gu-Iar'i-ti), «. [Fr. singula rite.] 1- The Btate or quality of being singular; some character or quality of a thing by which it is distinguished from all, or from most others; peculiarity.

Pluiy addeth tliia singularity to that soil, that the second year the very falling of the seed* yield eth com. A adison.

I took notice of this little figure for the singularity of the instrument. Addison.

2 Particular privilege, prerogative, or distinction; something appertaining to one only.

No t.iJiop of Rome ever took upon him this name of singularity (universal bishop). Hooker.

Catholicism . . . must be understood in opposition tp the lefiai singularity of the Jewish nation.


X Character or trait of character different from that of others; eccentricity; strangeness; oddity.

The spirit of singularity in a few, ought to give piacc to public Judgment. Hooker.

4. Celibacy.<ate,Uke the fly in the heart of an apple, dwells i» * perj^tual sweetness, but sits alone, and is connae-.i and die* in singularity. Jer. Taylor.

Slngularlze (sing'gu-ler-iz), v.t. To make singular or single.

Singularly (sing'gn-ler-li), ado 1. In a singular manner; peculiarly; in a manner or

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C I, Sinister side. C, Sinister chief. l. Sinister base.

degree not common to others. 'The youth who was singularly handsome.' Muman. 'A policy singularly judicious.' Macaulay. 2 Oddly; strangely.—3. So as to express one or the singular number.

SlllgUlt! (sin'gult), n. [L. singultus, a sob or sigh.] A sigh. Spenser; W. Browne.

Singultous (siu-giilt us), a. In mcd. relating to or affected with hiccough. Dunglison.

Singultus (sin-gul'tus), n. [L.] In mcd. the hiccough; a convulsive motion of the diaphragm and parts adjacent.

Sinical (sin'ik-al), a. [From sine.] Pertaining to a sine.— Sinical quadrant, a quadrant formerly used for taking the altitude of the sun. It had lines drawn from each side intersecting each other, with an index divided by sines, also with 90* ou the limb, and sights at the edge.

Sinister (sin'is-ter), a. [L, left, on the left, unlucky, inauspicious, bad; origin doubtful. ]

1. Ou the left haud, or the aide of the left hand; left: opposed to dexter or right; as, the sinister cheek.

My mother's blood
Runs on the dexter check, and this sinister
Bounds in my father's. Shak.

In her. the term which denotes the left side
of the escutcheon, as the
sinister chic/ point, and
the sinister base point.

2. Evil; bad; wicked; corrupt; dishonest; as. minister means; a sinister expression of countenance. 'Ill men of a sinister intent and purpose.' Hooker.

He scorns to undermine another's interest by any sinister or inferior arts. South.

3. Unlucky; inauspicious.

What all the several ills that visit earth.
Brought forth by night, with a sinister birth,
Plagues, famine, fire, could not reach unto,
The sword, nor surfeit, let thy fury do.

B. yonson.

—Sinister aspect, in astrol. an appearance of two planets happening according to the succession of the signs, as Saturn in Aries, and Mars in the same degree of Gemini. [This term, when used in the heraldic sense, is sometimes accented sinister, and this was generally theearlier accentuation, as maybe seen from the above quotations from Shakspere and Jonson]

Sinlsterly (sin'is-ter-li), adv. In a sinister manner; perversely; unfairly; dishonestly. 'By envious carpers sinisterly suspected.' Holinshed.

Sinistral (sin'is-tral), a. 1. Belonging to the left hand; inclining to the left hand; sinlstrous.— 2. In conch, applied to shells in which the turns of the spiral are made to the left instead of to the right.

Sinistrally (sin'ia-tral-Ii), adv. On the left hand; from left to right.

Sintstrorsal (sin-is-trors'al), a. Turned or twining towards the left; sinistrorse.

Sinistrorse (ain'is-trors),a. [L. sinistrorsus, sinistroversus, from sinister, left, and vorto, verto, vorsum, versum, to turn.] Directed to the left; turning or twining to the left: usually satd of the stems of plants.

Sinlstrous (sin'is-trus). a. [See Sinister.]

1. Being on the left side; inclined to the lett.— 2. Wrong; absurd; perverse.

A knave or fool can do no harm, even by the most stnistroits and absurd choice. Bentley.

Slnlstrously (sin'is-trus-li), ado. 1. In a sinlstrous manner; perversely; wrongly. 'To accuse, calumniate, backbite, or sinistrously interpret others.' Sir T. Browne.

2. With a tendency to use the left as the stronger hand.

Many in their infancy are sinisfrously disposed, and divers continue all their life left-handed.

Sir T. Browne.

Sink (singk), v.i. pret sunk or sank; pp. sunk or sunken (the second form rare except when used as a participial adjective). [A. Sax. sincan, Dan. synkc, D. zinken, G. sinken, Goth, siggkvan, to sink; nasalized forms corresponding to A. Sax. and O.H.G. stgan, to sink.] 1. To fall by the force of gravity; to descend through a medium of little resisting power, as water, mire, sand, and the like; to descend below the surface; to go to the bottom; to become submerged; to subside.

So eagerly the fiend . . .

With head, hands, wings, or feet, pursues his way.

And swims, or sinks, or wades, or creeps, or flics.


In sleep I sank

In cool soft turf upon the bank. Tennyson.

2. To fall slowly or gradually, as from want

of power to keep erect or standing; to fall slowly to the ground or surface from weakness or the like.

Why, how now, cousin! wherefore sink you down!


He sunk down in his chariot. a Ki. ix. .-4.

3. To enter or penetrate into any body.

The stone sunk into his forehead. 1 Sam. xvii. 49.

4V To become hollow from loss of flesh: chiefly used in pp.; as, her cheeks are sunk. * A lean cheek, a blue eye and sunken,' Shak. 5. To take or appear to take a lower position; to decrease in height or to appear to do so; as, the land sinks when we sail out to sea. 'Full music rose, and sank the sun.' Tennyson.—6. To be overwhelmed or depressed. 'So much the vital spirits sink.' Tennyson. Our country sinks beneath the yoke. Shak.

7. To enter deeply; to be impressed.

Let these sayings sink down into your ears, l.uke ix. n S. To change from a better to a worse state; to decline in worth, strength, vigour, estimation, and the like; to fall off in value; to decay; to decrease.

Nor urged the labours of my lord in vain, A sinking empire longer to sustain. Dryden. This republic ... is likelier to sink than increase in its dominions. Addison.

9. To decrease in bulk or volume; to become less in quantity or amount; as, a river sinks in dry weather.—10. To fall into restor indolence.

Wouldst thou have me sink away

In pleasing dreams? Addison.

Syn. To fall, descend, subside, drop, droop, enter, penetrate, decline, decay, decrease, lessen.

Sink (singk), v.t. 1. To cause to sink; to put under water; to fmmerse in a fluid; as, to sinkn ship. 'From these shoulders . . . taken a load would sink a navy." shak.— 2. To bring from a higher to a lower position; to cause to fall or drop. 'She sank her head upon her arm.' Tennyson.— 3. To make by dicing or delving; as, to sink a pit or a well.

In this square they sink a pit, and dig for freestone. Addison.

4. To depress; to degrade.

I raise or sink, imprison, or set free. Prior.

5. To plunge Into destruction; to cause to perish; to ruin.

If 1 have a conscience, let it sink me. Shak.

6. To bring low; to reduce in quantity.

You sunk the river with repeated draughts.


7. To depress; to overbear; to crush.

Thy cruel and unnat'ral lust of power

Has sunk thy father more than all his years.


8. To suppress; to conceal; to apprnpriate. [Rare.]

If sent with ready money to buy anything and you happen to be out of pocket, sink the money, and take up the goods on account. Swift.

9. Not to take into account; to lose sight of, as one's self or one's owu interest.

He was sinking self so much, and struggling so hard towards a noble action, that it was hard to reason with him calmly. F. W. Robinson.

10. To lower in value or amount; as, great importations may sink the price of goods.

11. To invest, as money, more or less permanently in any undertaking or scheme for the sake of a profitable return, interest, or the like.—To sink the shop, to avoid allusion to one's calling. [Colloq.]

Sink (singk), n. 1. A receptacle for receiving liquid filth; a kennel; a sewer. Shak. 2. A kind of box or basin-shaped receptacle connected with an outflow pipe leading into a drain, used for receiving filthy water, as in kitchens, Ac.—3. Any place where corruption is gathered.

Our soul, whose country's heav'n, and God her father, Into this world, corruption's sink, is sent. Donne.

Sink-a-p&ce (singk'a-pos), n. A corruption of Cinque-pace, a kind of dance. Shak.

Sinker (singk'er), n. One who or that which sinks; particularly, (a) a weight on something, as a fish-line, net, or the like, to sink it. (0) One of the thin plates or slips of steel that aid in forming the loops upon the needles in knitting machines.

Sink-hole (singkTiol), n. An orifice in a sink: a hole for dirty water to pass through.

Sinking (singk'ing), p. and a. Falling; subsiding; depressing; declining.—Sinking fund, a fund collected by the government or other competent authorities for the gradual payment of the debt of a state, corporation, At. In Britain, the surplus revenue SINKING-RIPE



of the kingdom beyond the actual expenditure, directed to be applied to the reduction of the national debt. Sinking-ripe (singk'ing-rip), a. Ready to sink; near sinking.

The sailors sought for safety by our boat

And left the ship, then suiting ripe to us. Shak.

Sink-trap (singk'trap), n. A trap for a kitchen sink so constructed as to allow water to pass down, but not allow reflow of air or gases.

Sinless (sin'Ies), a. 1. Free from sin; pure; perfect 'Calm and sinless peace.' Milton. 2. Exempt from sin; innocent; as, a sinless soul.

I ,ed on, yet sinless, with desire to know
What nearer might concern him. Milton.

Sinlessly (sin'les-li), adv. In a sinless manner; innocently.

Sinlessness (siirles-nes), n. The state of being sinless; freedom from sin and guilt.

Sinnamlne (sin'a-min). n. (C*HfiN?.) In chem. a basic substance obtained indirectly from oil of mustard.

Sinner (sin'er). n. J. One who sins; one who has voluntarily violated the divine law; sometimes, in a narrower sense, one who has not repented of sin; an unregeuerate person.—2. One who fails in any duty or transgresses any law; on offender; a criminal.

Like one,
Who hewing1 into truth, by telling of it
Made such a sinner of his memory
To credit his own lie. Slink.

Sinner (sin'er), v.i. To act as a sinner.

'Whether the charmer sinner it or saint it.'

Pope. [Humorous.] Sinneresst (sin'er-es), n. A female sinner;

a woman who commits sin. Wickliffe. Sinnet (sin'et), n. Same as Sennit. Sin-offering (sin'of-fer-ing). n. A sacrifice

or offering for sin; something offered as an

expiation for sin. Sinologlcal (sin-o-loj'I-kal), a. Pertaining

to sinology. Sinologist (si-noro-jfst). n. A sinologue. Sinologue (sin'o-log), n. [Fr. sinologue, from

Gr. Sina, China, Sinai, the Chinese, and

logos, discourse.] A student of the Chinese

language, literature, history, &c.; one versed

in Chinese.

For a long time neither Germany nor England could boast of any eminent Chinese scholars, and the very name of ' Sinalo/fta.' which sounds quite natural in French, has remained without a counterpart in English and German. Times newspaper.

Sinology (si-nol'o-Ji), n. [See Sinologue.] That branch of knowledge which deals with the Chinese language and connected subjects.

Sinoper, Sinopite (sl'no-per, si'no-pit), n. Biuna as Sinople.

Sinopia, Sinopis (si-no'pi-a. si-no'pis), n. A pigment of a fine red colour prepared from the earth sinople.

Sinople (si'no-pl), n. [ft. sinople, from L. L. sinopis, a red colour, also a green colour; L. sinopis, Gr. ninopis, earth of Sinope, red ochre, from Sinope, a town on the Black Sea, near which it occurs.] 1. Red ferruginous quartz, of a blood or brownish red colour, sometimes with a tinge of yellow. It occurs in small very perfect crystals, and in masses resembling some varieties of jasper. [In this sense written also Sinoper and Sinopite.]—2. In her. the Continental designation for the colour green; by English heralds called vert.

Sinquef (singk), n. Same as Cinque. Beau, d' Pi.

Sinter (sinter),/!. A Germ in name for a rock precipitated in a crystalline form from mineral waters. Calcareous sinter is a variety of carbonate of lime, composed of a series of successive layers, conceutric, plane or undulated, and nearly or quite parallel. It appears under various forms. Siliceous sinter is white or grayish, light, brittle, porous, and of a fibrous texture. Opaline siliceous sinter somewhat resembles opaL It is whitish, with brownish, blackish, or bluish spots, and its fragments present dendritic appearances. Peart sinter, or florite, occurs iu stalactitic, cylindrical, botryoidal, and globular masses, white or grayish. It is a variety of opal. Ceraunian sinter is a variety of quartz, consisting of siliceous tubes found in sands, and Bo named because supposed to be produced by lightning. Called also Fulgurite, Thunder-tube.

SintOC, SindOC (sin'tok, sinMok), n. Tho bark of a species of Cinnamomuni, indigenous in the primeval forests of Java. It is in llattish pieces, of a warm spicy taste, but is


seldom seen in this country. Written also

Syndoc. Sin too, Sintooism (sin'to, sin'td-izm), n.

Same as Shinto, Shintoism. Also written

Sintu, Sintuistn. Sinuate (sin'u-at), v.t [L. sinuo, to curve,

to bend, to wind.] To bend or curve in and

out; to wind; to turn. Woodward. Sinuate, Sinuated (sin'u-at, sin'u-at-ed), a.

1. Bending; winding; sinuous. —2. In bot. a term applied to a leaf that has large

curved breaks in the margin

resembling bays, as in the

oak; having a wavy margin.

The woodcut shows the leaf

of the commou oak (Quercus

robur). Sinuatlon (sin-u-a'shon), n.

A winding or bending in and

out Sinuate Leaf.

Sinuato-dentate (sin'u-ato-den"tat), a. In bot. a term applied to a leaf which is sinuate and toothed.

Sinuose (sin'u-6s), a. Same as Sinuous.

Sinuosity (sin-u-os'i-ti), n. 1. The quality of being sinuous or of bending or curving in and out.—2. A series of bends and turnB in arches or other irregular figures; a bend in such a series; a wave line. *A line of coast, certainly amounting with its sinuosities to more than 700 miles.' S. Smith.

Sinuous (sin'u-us), a. [Fr. sinueux, L. sinuosus, from sinus, a bent surface, a curve.] Bending or curving in and out; of a serpentine or undulating form; winding; crooked. 'Insect or worm . . . streaking the ground with sinuous trace.' Milton. 'Sinuous rills.' Coleridge,

Sinuously (sin'u-us-li), adv. In a sinuous manner; windingly; crookedly.

Sinupalllal (si'nu-pal"li-al), a. Of or pertaining to the Sinupallialia,

Sinupallialia (si'uu-pal-li-a"li-a), n. pi [L. sinus, a bay, a bosom, and pallium, a covering, a mantle.] A subdivision of the lamellibranchiate moll uses, characterized by large respiratory siphons and sinuated pallial line. See Siphonida.

Sinus (si'nus), 7i. 11... a bent surface, a curve, a fold or hollow, a bosom, a bay, &c.] i. An opening; a hollow; a bending; a sinuosity.— 2. A bay of the sea; a recess in the coast; an opening into the land. 'Some

rus of the sea or sinuses.' T. Burnet In anat. (a) a cavity in a bone or other part wider at the bottom than at the entrance. (6) A venous canal into which several vessels empty themselves, (c) The bosom.— 4. In surg. a little elongated cavity in which pus or matter is collected; an elongated abscess with only a small orifice; a fistula.—5. In bot. a hollow of a curved or rounded figure between two projecting lobes.—6. In conch, a groove or cavity. Sin-worn (sin'woru), a. Worn by sin.

I would not soil these pure ambrosial weeds
With the rank vapours of this sin-iuern mould.

Siogun (sho'gim), n. Same as Shogun.

Sioux (si-b' or so), n. *. and pi The name of a race of Indians iu North America inhabiting Nebraska, Wyoming, Dakota, &c.

Sip (sip), v.t. pret. & pp. sipped; ppr. sipptng. [A lighter form of sup; D. and L*G. sippen, to sip. See Sup.] l. To imbibe or take iuto the mouth in small quantities by the lips; as, to sip wine; to sip tea or coffee. 'To sip or touch one drop of it' Shak. 'Sipt wine from silver, praising God.' Tennyson.—2. To drink in or absorb in small quantities. 'Every herb that sips the dew.' Milton.—3. To draw into the mouth; to suck up; to extract; as, a bee sips nectar from the flowers.—4. To drink out of.

They skim the floods and sip the purple flowers.


Sip (sip), v.i. To drink a small quantity; to take a fluid with the lips.

Kidotta sips and dances till she see

The doubling lustres dance as fast as she. Pope.

Sip (sip), n. 1. The taking of a liquor with the lips.—2. A small draught token with the lips.

One sip of this
Will Rithe the drooping spirits in delight.
Beyond the bliss of dreams. Milton.

3.f Drink; sup. Chaucer.

Slpe (sip). v.i. [A. Sax. sipan, to soak; D. sijpen, L.G. seipen, to ooze or trickle.] To ooze; to issue slowly, as a fluid. 'The siping through of the waters into the house/ Granger. [Provincial English and Scotch.]

Sipher, r H. A cipher. Chaucer.

Siphllifl (sif'i-lis), n. See SYPHILIS Slphold (sl'foid), n. [Fr. siphotde. ] A vessel or apparatus of French construction for receiving and giving out aerated waters. Siphon, Syphon (si'fon), n, [Gr. siphdn, a hollow tube, a reed. ] 1. A bent pipe or tube whoBe legs are of unequal length, used for drawing liquid out of a vessel by causing It to rise in the tube over the rim or top. For this purpose the shorter leg is inserted in the liquid, and the air is exhausted by being drawn through the longer leg. (See fig. 1.) The liquid then rises by the weight of the atmosphere till it reaches the top of the vessel, and then descends in the lower lee of the siphon, and continues to flow till the liquid in the vessel reaches the level of the end of the shorter leg. The action of the siphon depends on the difference between the lengths of the two legs, estimated in a perpendicular direction, the shorter leg being always inserted in the liquid. Sometimes an exhausting tube is placed on the longer leg for exhausting the air by suction (see fig. 2), and causing the flow to commence, but the more general method is to fill the tube in the first place with the liquid, and then stopping the mouth of the longer leg to insert the shorter leg in the vessel; upon removing the 6top the liquid will immediately begin to flow. The limits within which the siphon can act are determined by the specific gravity of the fluid. Water cannot be raised by the siphon to a


i. Common Siphon, a. Improved Siphon, with exhausting tube for tilling it

greater height than 32 feet, nor mercury to a greater height than 29 inches. — Wurtemberg siphon (so called from its having been first used in that place), a siphon with both legs equal, and turned up at the extremities, in which case so long as the extremities are kept on the same level, it will continue always full and ready for use.—2. In zool (a) one of the membranous and calcareous tubes which traverse the septa and the interior of

ffolythalamous shells. (&) The tubular proongation of the mantle in certain univalve and bivalve molluscs, used for conveying water to or from the gills. In this sense also called Siphuncle.

Siphon (si'fon), v.t To convey, as water, by means of a siphon; to transmit or remove by a siphon.

Water may be siphoned over obstacles which are less than 32 feet higher than the surface of the water. Fop. Ency.

Siphonage (si'fon-aj).H. The action oroperation of a siphon.

Siphonal (si'fon-al), a. Pertaining to or resembling a siphon.

Siphonata (si-fo-na'ta), n. pi Same as Siphonida.

Siphon-barometer (srfon-ba-rom'et-er), n. A barometer in which the lower end of the tube is bent upward, in the form of a siphon. There are several varieties of siphon-barometers, but the most convenient is that invented by Gay-Lussac. The tube is hermetically sealed at both ends, after having; been filled with mercury, and the communication with the atmosphere takeB place through a small capillary hole drilled laterally through the short turned-up branch near its upper extremity. This orifice is so small that while it allows the air to pass freely, it prevents the escape of the mercury. This barometer is very convenient for carriage, and is easily brought to a position proper for observation.

Siphon-bottle (si-fon-bot'l), n. A bottle for containing aerated waters which may be discharged through a bent tube by the pressure of the gas.

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Siphon-CUP (sTfon-kup). n. In mack, a form of lubricating apparatus in which the oil is led over the edge of the vessel by capillary action, ascending and descending in a cotton wick, and dropping on the journal. (si-fo'ne-5). n. pi A nnt order of green-spored algce, of which there are two sub-orders, Caulerpeai and CodleoD, the former all inhabitants of warmer regions, the latter often found in colder. Some of the Codieac resemble corallines from the amount of carbonate of lime which enters into their composition.

Siphon-gauge (si'fon-gaj), n. An instrument consisting of a glass siphon, partially filled with mercury, for indicating the degree of rarefaction which has been produced in the receiver of an air-pump. A gauge of this kind is also used to ascertain the degree of vacuum in the condenser of a steamengine, and to indicate the pressure of a fluid contained in a vessel, when greater than the pressure of the external atmosphere, and also the pressure of liquids, as water in pipes, Ac.

Siphonia (si fo'ni-a), n. [Or. siphon, a hollo' tube, a pipe, from the use made of the t xndation. ] A genus of plants belonging to the nat. order Euphorbiacerc, consisting of about half-a-dozen species. They are tall trees, with leaves composed of three leaflets, growing in clusters at the ends of the branches, and small dnecfous flowers in lax panicles. The fruit is a large three-celled capsule, and the trees abound in a milky juice. S. elastica, which yields the true caoutchouc, is a tree from 50 to 60 feet in height, common in the forests of Guiana and Brazil, and which has been introduced into the West Indies. Caoutchouc iB the milky juice of the tree which exudes on incisions being made, and solidifies on exposure to the air.

Siphonlc (si-fon'ik), a. Pertaining to a siphon.

Siphonlda (si-fon'i-da), n. pi. In zool. one of the two sections into which the lameliibranchiate molluscs are divided, the other section being the Asiphonida. The Siphonida are furnished with respiratory siphons, and their mantle-lobes are more or less united. Two subdivisions are comprised in this section. In theone(Integropallialia) the siphons are short, and the pallial line simple; the other (Sinupallialiu) is characterized by long respiratory siphons and a einuated pallial line.

Siphonlfer (si-fonl-fer), n. A member of the Siphon if era.

Siphonifera (ai-fo-nirer-a), n. pi. M. D'Orhigny's name for an order of molluscs, including the nautilus and all those species which have a siphon contained within a many-chambered shell.

Siphoniferous (sl-fo-nif er-us), a. Siphonbearing, as the chambered shells of the nautilus

Siphonobranchiata (srfon-fi-brang-ki-a"ta). n. pi. [Gr. siphon, a siphon, and branchia, gills. ] Same as Siphonostomata.

Slphonobranchiate (Bi'fon-6-brang"ki-at\ a. Pertaining or related to the division of gasteropodous molluscs Siphonobranchiata or Siphonostomata; siphonos tomato us.

Siphonophora (si-fo-nof6-ra), n. pi. [Gr. rtphoH, a tube, and phero, to carry.] A subclass of the Hydrozoa, constituting the socalled oceanic or pelagic Hydrozoa, and characterized by a free hydrosoma. consisting of several polypi tea united by a flexible, contractile, unbranched ccenosare. They are singularly delicate organisms, found at the surface of the tropical seas, the Portuguese man-of-war being the best-known member of the group. It Is divided into two orders, Calycopboridffi and Physophoridee.

Siphonostomata orfuii-o-8tom"a-ta), n, pi.

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which the aperture of the shell is not entire, but possesscsa notch or tube for the emission of the respiratory siphon. The members are all marine and carnivorous. The common whelk may be taken as an example.

Siphonostomatous(si'fon-6-stom"a-tus),a. Of or pertaining to the Siphonostomata; as, a siphonostornatous shell. Jfickolson.

Siphonos tome (srfd-nos-t6m), n. A gasteropodous mollusc of the division Siphonostomata

Siphon-recorder (si'fon-re-kord-er), n. An instrument invented by Sir W. Thomson for recording messages sent through long telegraphic lines, as the Atlantic cables and the like. See Telegraph.

Slphorhlnian (si-fo-rin'i-an), n. [Gr. siphon, a tube, and rhu, rhinos, a nose.] A name applied to a tribe of swimming birds, including those which have the nostrils prominent and tubular. Brande <fc Cox.

Siphuncle (si'fung-kl), n. [L. siphuncvlus, dim. from siphon.] See Siphon, 2.

Siphuncular (sl-fung'ku-ler), a. Pertaining to a siphuncle.

Siphunculated, Siphuncled (si-fungTiulat-ed, si'fung kid), a. Having a siphuncle; having a little siphon or spout, as a valve.

Sipper (sip'er), ?l One that sips.

Sippett (sip'et), n. A small sop; a small piece of bread steeped in milk or broth. 'Your sweet sippets in widows* houses.' Milton.

Slpple (sipl), c.i. [A freq. from sip, formed on type of tipple.] To sip frequently; to tipple. 'A trick of sippling and tippling.' Sir W. Scott.

Sipunculoidea (sI-pung'ku-loi"de-a), n. pi. [From' Sipuncuhts.] One of the classes into which the sub-kingdom Annulosa is divided; the spoon-worms. It includes certain worm-like animals in which the body is sometimes obviously annulated, sometimes not; but there are no ambulacral tubes nor foot-tubercles, though there are sometimes bristles concerned in locomotion. The nervous system consists of an oesophageal nerve-collar, and a cord placed along the ventral surface of the body. The Sipunculus and its allies make up this class, and from their affinity to the worm-like holothurians they have often been placed amongst the Echinodermata.

Sipunculus (si-pungTiu-lus), n. [L. sipunculus, siphunculus, a little tube, dim. of sipho, a siphon] A genus of Annulosa, often placed among the echinoilerms; the spoonworm. The species are found in the sands of the sea-shore, and much sought after by fishermen, who use them as bait for their hooks. See Sipunculoidea,

Si quis(sl kwis). [L., if any one.] Eccles. a notification by a candidate for orders of his intention to inquire whether any impediment may be alleged against him.

Sir (ser), n. [Fr. sire, from L. senior, an elder or elderly person (see SENIOR), through the forms scrir, sendre, sindre, sidre, sire. Bracket.] 1. A common complimentary mode of address now used without consideration of rank or status; a general title by which a speaker addresses the person he is speaking to: used in the singular and plural. 'Speak on, sir.' Skak. 'But, sirs, be sudden in the execution.' Skak. While generally used as a title of respect, as by servants to their masters, sons to their fathers, scholars to their teachers, and the like, it is frequently employed in phrases expressing great displeasure, astonishment, doubt, d'e, or conveying a threat, reproach, or the like. Thus in The Rivals, by Sheridan, Sir Ant. Absolute addresses his son,' What's that to you, sir I' 'Odds life, sir! if you have the estate yon must take it with the live stock on it;' and so on.— 2. A title of honour of knights and baronets; in this case always prefixed to the Christian name. 'Noble captain, your servant—Sir Arthur, your slave.' Sic iff.

Sir Horace Vere, his brother, was the principal in the active part. Bacon.

3. A title formerly given to clergymen; as the Shakspcrian 'Sir Hugh Evans, a Welsh parson;' 'Sir Oliver Martext, a Wear.*

A title formerly applied to priests and curates in general; for this reason: detnintu, the academical title of a bachelor of arts, was usually rendered by sir in English at the universities. So that a bachelor, who in the books stood Detninus Brown, was in conversation called Sir Brown. . . . Therefore, as most clerical persons had taken that first degree, it became usual to style them Sir. Marts.

So usual indeed did the practice alluded to

by Nares become that a 'Sir John' came to be a common sobriquet for a priest.

Instead of a faithful and painful teacher, they hire a Sir John, which hath better skill in playing at tables . . . than in God's word. Latimer.

4. Used also as a common noun to signify (a) lord, master. 'Sole sir o" the world.' Shak. (b) Gentleman. 'A nobler sir ne'er lived.' Shak.

SirasMer (si-ras'ker), n. Same as Seraskitr.

Sircar (ser'kar), n. 1. A Hindu clerk or accountant—2. A circar.

Sirdar (serMar), «. [Hind.] A chieftain, captain, head-man. —Sirdar bearer (frequently contracted sirdar), the chief of the palankeen bearers, and generally his master's valet

Sire (sir), n. [See Sir.] 1. A respectful title formerly given to seniors or elders and others; sir. it is now used only in addressing a king or other sovereign prince.—2. A father; a progenitor. 'Land of my sires.' Sir W. Scott. [Poetical.]

He, but a duke, would have his son a king.
And raise his issue like a loving sire. SkaM.

3. The male parent of a beast: particularly used of horses; as, the horse had a good sire, but a bad dam.—i. Used in composition; as In grandstre for grandfather; great-grandsire, great-grandfather—5. A maker; an author; an originator. [Rare.]

He died, who was the sire of an immortal strain,
Poor, old, and blind. Shelley.

Sire (air), v.t. pret <fepp. sired; ppr. siring. To beget; to procreate: used now chiefly of beasts, and especially of Btallions.

Cowards father cowards, and base things sire base. Shalt.

Slredon (si-re'don), n. [Gr. seiredon, a siren. ] A generic name applied to the Mexican axolotl, now supposed by eminent zo

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often represented as having partly the form of birds, sometimes only the feet of a bird.

Nert where the sirens dwell ye plough the seas I Their song is death, and makes destruction please.


2. A mermaid. 'A mermaid or siren there buried.' Holland.—3. A charming,alluring, or enticing woman; a woman dangerous from her enticing arts. 'This nymph, this siren that will charm Rome's Saturnine.' Shak. - 4. Something insidious or deceptive. 'Consumption is a siren.' W. Irving.— 5. A genus of perennibranchiate amphibians which have only one pair of feet, and are

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supplied both with lungs and external gills. They are peculiar to the southern provinces of the United States. Called also Mud-eel*. C. An instrument for producing continuous or musical sounds, and for measuring the number of sound waves or vibrations per second, which produce a note of given pitch. In its original form it consists of a disc with a circular row of oblique holes, revolving close to the top-plate of a wind-chest perforated with corresponding holes of a contrary obliquity, so that the jets of air from the latter passing through the former keep the disc in motion, and produce a uote corresponding to the r.ipidity of the coincidences of the holes in the two plates, the number of coincidences or vibrations to a given time being shown by indices which connect by toothed wheels with a Bcrew on the axis of the disc. From the deep piercing nature of the sound which the siren emits, a modified form of the instrument having two discs rotating with great velocity in opposite directions is employed as a fogsi^nal or alarm. The discs are driven by a steam-engine, which also forces a blast of steam through their apertures when those of the two discs come in opposition. The device is placed at the smaller extremity of a larye trumpet, which greatly intensifies Die sound. Called also Sirene. Siren (siren), a. Pertaining to a siren or to the dangerous enticements of music; bewitching; fascinating; as, a siren song.

By the help of the winning address, the siren mode or mien, he can inspire poison, whisper in destruction to the soul. Hammond.

Sirene (si'ren), n. [Fr. sirene, a siren.] Same as SIRES, 6.

Slrenia (si-re'ni-a), n. pi [From their fancied resemblance to mermaids or siren*.] An order of marine herbivorous mammals allied to the whales, having the posterior extremities wanting, and the anterior converted into paddlts. This order comprises the manatee and dugong. They differ from theCetacea in having the nostrils placed at the anterior part of the head, and in having molar teeth with flat crowns adapted for a vegetable diet They feed chiefly on seaweeds, and frequent the mouths of rivers and estuaries. Besides these living members the Sirenia were represented by a gigantic species 2o feet long and 20 in circumference. It was a native of Behring's Strait*, but is now extinct, no specimen having been seen for 200 years. The Sirenia have existed since the miocene period.

SIranian (si-re'ni-an), a. and n. Of or belonging to the order Sirenia; as a noun, one of the Sirenia.

The known existing representatives nf thesiren tan order arc the dugongs and the manatees; tlie latest extinct form is the edentulous sirenia n culled 'Stcller's sea-cow,' last observed in the arctic seas off the shores of Behring's Island; the miocene extinct genus has left its remains in Southern Europe. Owen.

Sirenical (si-ren'ik-al), a. Like or appropriate to a siren.

Here's a couple of sirenical rascals shall enchant you. Alarston.

SirenldSB (si-ren'i-de ), n. pi. A family of true or perennibranchiate amphibians, comprising the sirens and axolotl.

Sirenize (si'ren-iz), v.t. To use the enticements of a siren; to charm. [Rare.]

Sirex (si'reks), n. A genus of hymenopterous insects, called iu English Tailed Wasps. See Siricid.«.

Siriasis (si-ri'a-sis). n. [Gr. siriasis. See Sibius.] A disease occasioned by the excessive heat of the sun ; sun-stroke; coup-desoleil.

SlricidSB (si-ris'i-de), n. pi. A family of hymenopterous insects of which the genus Sirex is the type. The members of this family have a strong ovipositor, with which they pierce not merely the soft substance of leaves and young shoots, but hard timber as well. The larva? produced from the eggs thus deposited usually reside in the interior of trees, which they perforate in various directions, often causing great destruction in the pine forests, of which the largest species are inhabitants. When full grown they form a silken cocoon, in which they undergo transformation.

Strius (siri-us), n. [L , from Gr. Seirios, from seirios, seiros, hot, scorching.] The large and bright star called the Dog-star, in the mouth of the constellation Canis Major.

Sirloin (sirloin), n. [Formerly surloin, surloyne, from Fr. surlonge, surlognc, a sirloin —sur, over, and Ivnge, logne, a loin. See

Loin. ] The loin or upper part of the loin of beef, or part covering either kidney. Popularly, but erroneously, supposed to have received this name from having been knighted by on English king in a fit of good humour.

But, pray, why is it called sirloin I Why, you must know that our King lames I., who loved good eating, being invited to dinner by one of his nobles, and seeing a large loin of beef at his table, he drew out his sword, and in a frolic, knighted it. Swift.

Slrmark (ser'markX n. See Si'RMARK.

Slm&me (afir'nam), n. A surname.

Slroc (Bi'rok), n. Same as Sirocco. Emerson. [Rare and poetical]

Sirocco (si-rok'ko), n. [It.; from Ar. shoruk, from shark, the east.] An oppressive relaxing wind coming from northern Africa, over the Mediterranean, to Italy, Sicily, &c. Written also Scirocco. See SiMOOM.

Sirrah (sir'a), u, [Often taken from sir and ha, but this is very improbable; comp. Ir. sirreach, poor, lean, sorry.] A word of address, generally equivalent to fellow, or to sir, with an angry or contemptuous force added. It is applied sometimes to children in a kind of playfulness, or to servants in hastiness, and formerly it was sometimes used also to females. 'Sirrah Iris, go." Shak.

Go, sirrah, to my cell. Shak.

Sir-reverence t (Ber-rev'er-ens), n. [A corruption of save-re cere nee (L. salvd reverentul), the expression being first contracted into sa reverence, and then corrupted into sir or sur reverence. ] A kind of apologetical apostrophe for introducing an indelicate word or expression, sometimes standing for the expression itself. Massiiiger.

Birtt (sert), n. [L. syrti*.] A quicksand; a syrt (which see).

Sirup (sir'up), n. Same as Sump. 'Lucent simps tinct with cinnamon. Heat*.

Siruped (sir'upt), a. Same as Syruped.

Sirupy (slr'up-i). a. Same as Syntpy.

Sirvente (servant), n, [Fr.; Pr. sinentes; lit a poem of service, being originally a poem in praise of some one, from L. servio, to serve.] In the literature of the middle ages, a species of poem in common use among the Troubadours and Trouveres, usually satirical, though sometimes devoted to love or praises, and divided into strophes of a peculiar construction.

SlS,t n. [Fr. six, pron. sis ] The cast of six; the highest cast upon a die. Chaucer.

Sisal-grass, Sisal-hemp (si-sal'gras, si-sal'hemp), n. The prepared fibre of the Agave amcricana, or American aloe, used for cordage: so called from Sisal, a port in Yucatan.

Slset (siz), n. An assize. 'Where God his sixes holds.' Sylvester.

SlBOt (sis), n. Six: a term in games.

In the new casting of a die. when ace Is on the top, sise must needs be at the bottom. Fuller.

Siserara, Siserary (sit'e-ra-rtt, ais'e-ra-ri), n. A hard blow. [Provincial.]

He attacked it with such a siserary of I-at in, as might have scared the Devil himself. Sir If, Scott.

Siskin (sisTtin), n, [Dan. sisken. Sw. steka, G. zeisig 1 A well-known song-bird; the aberdevine (Fringilla spinus). See ABERDEVINE.

Sisklwlt (sis ki-wit), n. [Indian name.] A species of Balmon (Salmo siskiwit) found in Lake Superior. It is broad and very fat, and has a high flavour.

Slsmometer (sis-moni'et-er), n. Same as Seismometer.

Sison (si'son), n. [Gr. sisdn, one of the species of this genus.] A genus of plants, nat. order Umbellifene. They are perennial herbs, with the uppermost leaves narrower and more divided than the lower, and umbels of small white flowers; they are natives of Europe and Asia. S. Amo-mum is common in Britain in chalk soils in rather moist ground, under hedges, Ac. The green plant, when bruised, has a peculiarly nauseous smell. The seeds are pungent and aromatic, and were formerly celebrated as a diuretic.

Slss (sis), v L (D. sissen, to hiss. From the sound.] To hiss. [Local in England, but common in the United States to express certain inanimate hissing sounds.]

Sissoo, SlSBUm (sis-so', sis-sum'). «• [Hind. ] A valuable timber tree of India, the wood of which somewhat resembles In structure the finer species of teak, but is tougher and more elastic See DALBERQIA.

Siflt (sist), v.t. [L. sistere, to stop] In Scot* law, (a) to stop; to stay.—To sist proceedings or process, to delay judicial proceeding in a cause: used both m civil and eccle

siastical courts. (6) To cite or summon; to bring forward.

Some, however, have preposterously listed nature as the first or generative principle, and regarded mind as merely the derivative of corporeal organism. Sir ffr. Hamilton.

—To sist parties, to join other parties in a suit or action, and serve them with process. —To sist one's self, to take a place at the bar of a court where one's cause is to be judicially tried and determined.

Sist (sist).n. In Scot* law, the act of legally staying diligence or execution on decrees for civil debts— Sist on a suspension, in the Court of Session, the order or injunction of the lord-ordinary prohibiting diligence to proceed, where relevant grounds of suspension have been stated in the bill of suspension. See Suspension.

Sister (ais'ter), n. [O. E. muter, sostre, A. Sax. stceoster, awy&ter, suster, Icel. systir, IX ntster, Goth, swistar, G. schwester, sister. The word is widely spread, being cog. with Pol. siostra, Rus. sestra, L. soror, Skr. sttasri, the last two having lost a t. The word means a woman connected with a person, and consists of the elements sva-eu-tar sva (L. situs) his, one's, su, root meaning to produce (also In son), and tar. denoting an agent (-ther of father).] 1. A female born of the same parents as another person: correlative to brother.—2. A woman of the same faith; a female fellow-Christian.

If a brother or sister be naked and destitute of daily food, &c. Jam. iL 15.

3. A female closely allied to or associated with another; one of the same condition or belonging to the same society, community, or the like, as the nuns in a convent.

He chid the sitters When first they put the name of King upon iw. Shah.

4. One of the same kind, or of the same condition; as, tfwfrr-fruits: generally used adjec lively.

Hark t they whisper; angels say.

Sister spirit, come away! Ppf*.

—SisUr* of Charity, Sister* of Mercy. See under Charity, Mercy. Sister (sis'terX v.t To be sister to; to resemble closely. [Rare.]

She . . . with her neeld composes

Nature's own shape, of bud, bird, branch or berry.

That even her art sisters the natural roses. Shah.

Sister-block (sis'ter-blok), n Naut. a turned cylindrical block having two sheaveholes, one above the other. In the merchant service they are used mostly for the buntlines and leach-lineB of the courses in large ships; in ships of war they are seized between the two foremost shrouds of the top-mast rigging, for the reef-tackles and topsail lifts to lead through.

Sisterhood (shi'ter hud), ». 1. The state of being a Bister; the office or duty of a sister. [Rare.]

She abhorr'd
Her proper blood, and left to do the part
Of sisterhood, to do that of a wife. OanitL

2. Sisters collectively, or a society Of sisters; or a society of females united in one faith or order.

O peaceful sisterhood.
Receive and yield me sanctuary. Tentiyscn.

Sisterlng (sis'ter-ing). p. and a. Allied; contiguous; neighbouring. (Rare.]

A hill whose concave womb reworded

A ptaintlul story from a sistering vale. ShaJt.

Sister-in-law (sis'ter-in-la), ». A husband's or wife's Bister; also, a brother's wife. Sisterless (sis'ter-les), a. Having no sister. Sisterly (sis'ter-li), a. Like a sister; becoming a sister; affectionate; as, sisterly kindness.

SlStlne (sis'tin), a. Of or pertaining to Pope Sixtus V.—Sistine chapel, a chapel in the Vatican at Rome. Sistrum (sis'trum), n. [L., from Gr. seistron, from $ei*i, to shake.] A kind of rattle or jingling instrument used by the ancient Egyptians in their religious ceremonies, especially in the worship of Isis. It consisted of a thin sometimes lyre-shaped metal frame, through which passed a number of metal rods, to which rings were sometimes attached. A short handle was attached, by which it was shaken.

Sisymbrium (si-sim'bri-um), n. [L. sisymbrium, Gr. sisymbrium, supposed to be wild thyme or mint.] A genus of plants, mit.




order Crnciferre The species, which are numerous, are mostly perennial or annual herb?, with yellow or white flowers, and leaves very variable ou the same plant A few are well known on account of their uses. 5. o^cinale is our common hedgemustard. t$ee HEDGE-MUSTARD.) S. Irio, or London rocket, is a native of waste places throughout Europe, and sprung up in great abundance about London after the Great Fire. The whole plant possesses the hot biting character of the mustard. S. Sophia (flne-leaved hedge-mustard, or flixweed) is frequent tn Great Britain. It was formerly supposed to have the power of controlling diarrhoea, dysentery, &c.

Sisyphean (sis-i-f6'an), a. Relating or pertaining to Sisyphus, in Greek myth, a king of Corinth, whose punishment in Tartarus for his crimes committed on earth consisted in rolling a huge stone to the top of a hill, which constantly rolled down again, and rendered his labour incessant Hence, recurring unceasingly; as, to engage in a Sisyphean task.

Sit (sit), r i pret it pp. sat; old pp. sitten; ppr fitting. [A. Sax. sittan, for older sit inn, pret sort, pp. geseten; IceL sitja, D. zitten, G sitzen. Goth, titan, to sit; from widely spread root sad, seen also in L. sedeo, to sit, mdes, a seat (corap. sedentary, siege, Ac); Gr. hezomai, *kr. sad, to sit. Set is the causative of this verb; comp. drink,drench; lie, lay; seat fs also of this stem] 1. To rest upon the haunches or lower extremity of the body; to repose on a seat: said of human beings and sometimes of other animals; as, to fit on a sofa or on the ground.

The godlike hero tat

On Ins imperial throne. Dryden.

2. To perch; to rest on the feet, as birds. —

3. To be or stay or remain in a place.

'Twas in the Bunch of Grape*, where indeed you have a delight to tit, have you not! Sh*ii.

4 To rest or remain iu any position, situation, or condition; to remain in a state of repose; to rest; to abide.

Shall your brethren go to war. and shall ye tit here?

Nam xvxii. 6. Woaki the tenant* tit easier in their rents than nowT


5. To rest He, or bear on; to be felt, as a weight or burden; as, grief siU heavy on his heart.

Woe doth the heavier sit
When it perceives it is but faintly borne. Shak.

0 To have a seat; to be placed; to dwell; to settle; to rest; to abide.

I'pon thy eye-halls murderous tyranny
Sits in Knm majesty. Shak.

Pale horror tat on each Arcadian face. Dryden.

7. To incubate: to cover and warm egg* for hatching; as. the female bird sits for three weeks.—8. To be suited to one's person; to fit, suit, or become when put on; as, a coat sits well or ill

Adieu 1 Lest our old robe* sit easier than our new ] Shak.

9. To assume a position in order to have one's portrait taken, a bust modelled, or the like; as. to sit for one's picture; to sit to a painter. Qarth —10. To occupy a seat or place in an official capacity; to be in any assembly or council, as a member; to have a seat, as in Parliament; as, the member tits for a large constituency.

The scribe* and the Pharisees sit in Moses" *eat. Mat. xxiii. a.

One council sits upon life anil death, the other is for taxe*. Addison.

11 To be convened, as an assembly; to hold a sevdon; to be officially engaged in public business, as judges, legislators, or officers of any kind; as, the House of Commons sometimes sits till far on in the night; the judges or Out courts sit in Westminster Hall; the commissioners sit every day. —12. To have position or direction: said of the wind.

Sifs the wind in that corner? Shak.

I -ike a good miller that knows how to grind which way soever the wind tits. Seldeti.

lit To be proper or fitting; to beseem. Chancer To sit at meat, to be at table for eating —To tit down, (a) to place one's self *m a chair or other seat; as, to sit down at a meal (6; To bvgin a siege; as, the enemy mt down before the town, (c) To settle; to nx a permanent abode. Spenser, (d) To rest content; to cease, as being satisfied.

Here we cannot sit down, but still proceed in our sea/ch. Dr. J. Rogers.

To sit out, (a) to sit till all is done, (b) To


be without engagement or employment; not to take part in, as a game. [Hare.]

They are glad rather than tit cut to play very small game. Bf. Sanderson.

To sit up, (a) to rise or be raised from a recumbent posture.

He that was dead sat ttf, and began to speak. Lu. vii. 15. (2>) To refrain from lying down; not to go to bed; as, to sit up till late at night; also, to watch; as, to sit up with a sick person.

Let the nurse this night sit u/ with you. Shak.

(c) To assume or maintain the posture of one who is seated; as, he is too ill to sit up.—To sit for a fellowship, in the universities, to be examined with a view to gain a fellowship. Sit(sit). e.t. 1. To keep the seat upon; as, he sits a horse well.

He could not sit his mule. Shak.

2. To place on a seat: used reflexively, with one's self, ine, thee, &c

Rut not at rest or ease of mind.

They tat them down to weep. Milton.

3. To become; to be becoming to; to suit

Thiennette is this night, she mentions, for the first time, to put on her morning promenade-drew of white muslin, as also a satin girdle and steel buckle; but. adds she, it will not sit her. Cartyie.

Site (sit), n. IL sittm, site, position, situation.] 1. Situation, especially as regards relation to surroundings; local position; as, the site of a city or of a house; a beautiful site for a mansion.— 2. A plot of ground set apart for building.—3. A posture. [Rare.]

The semblance of a lover fix'd
In melancholy site, Thomson.

Sited t (sit'ed), a. Having a site; placed; situated. Spenser.

Sitfast (sit'fast), a. Stationary; immovable; flxed.

'Tis good, when you have crossed the sea and back. To find the sitfast acres where you left tliein.


Sitfast (sit'fast), n. In farriery, an ulcerated, horny sore or tumour growing on a horse's back under the saddle.

Sitht (sith), conj. [A. Sax. sith. See SINCE.] Since; seeing that; because. Shak.

Sltht (sith), adv. Since that time. Shak.

Sitht (sith).prep. Since; after. 'Things sith then befallen.' Shak.

Sith.t Sithet (sith, sith), n. [A. Sax. stth, for sinth, path, way, time; Goth, sinth, sinths, a way, occasion.] Time; occasion.

A thousand sitlies I curse that careful home. Spenser.

Slthe t (sith), n. Same as Scythe. Chaucer,

Sithe (sith), v.i. To sigh. (Provincial.]

Sithedt (sithd), a. Armed with scythes; scythed.

Sithemant (aith'man), n. A mower; a scytheman.

Sithen.t Sithence t (sith'en, Bith'ens), adv. [A. Sax. siththan. See SINCE] Since; iu later times. Chaucer; Shak.

Sithence t (sith'ens), conj. Since; seeing that. Shak.

Sltiology, Sitology (si-ti-ol'o-Ji, si-toro-jl), n. [Gr.sition.sitos, food,and fo0O#,discourse.] That department of medicine which relates to the regulation of diet; the doctrine or consideration of aliments; dietetics.

Sitophobla, Sitomania (si-td-fo'bi-a, si-tdma'ni-a), n. [Gr. sitos, food, and phobos, fear, mania, madness.] Morbid repugnance to or refusal of food. Sitophohia may consist in repugnance to all food, or merely to particular viands. It 1b a frequent accompaniment of insanity.

Sitta (sit'ta), n, [L.] A genus of birds known by the name of nut-hatches. See NutHatch.

Sittand,t ppr. Sitting; becoming; suiting with. Romaunt of the Rose.

Sitte,t v.i. or (. To sit; to become; to fit; to suit with. Chaucer.

Sitter («it'er).fi. 1. One who sits.-2. A bird that sits or incubates.

The oldest hens are reckoned the best sifters, btortimer.

3, One who sits for his portrait; one who is placed so that an artist may make a likeness, bust, etc., of him.

The difficulty of making my titters keep their heads still while I paint them. IV. Collins.

—A sitter up, one who refrains from lying down; one who watches or goes not to bed.

They were men of boisterous spirits, titters up anights. Lamb.

Sittinae (sit-ti'ne), n. pi. The nut-hatches, a sub-family of insessorial birds, named from the genus Sitta.

Slttlne (sit'in), a. Pertaining to the sittime or nut-hatches.


Sitting (sit'ing), p. and a. 1. Resting on the haunches or the lower extremity of the body.

2. Perching or resting on the legs, as birds.

3. Incubating; as, a sitting hen.—4. Occupying a place in an official capacity; holding a court; as, & sitting judge.- 5. In hot. sessile, i.e. without petiole, peduncle, or pedicel, Ac.

Sitting (sif ing). n. 1 The act of one who sits, or the posture of being on a seat —

2. The time during which, or occasion on which, one sits for an artist to take a portrait or model a bust. Arc.

Few good pictures have been finished at one sitting.
I was instructed to attend on a certain day . . .
with all my materials ready for taking a first sitting.
IV. Collins.

3. A session; a business meeting; the actual presence or meeting of any body of men in their seats for transacting business.

The sitting closed In great agitation. Macautay.

4. The time during which one sits, as at books, at cards or dice, at work, or the like.

I shall never sec my gold again; fourscore ducats at a sitting I fourscore ducats 1 Shak.

For the understanding of any one of Paul's epistles I read it through at one sitting. Lode.

6. Incubation; a resting on eggs for hatch* ing, as fowls.

The male bird amuses the female with his songs during the whole time of her sitting. Addison.

(J. The space occupied by one person in a church or other place of regular meeting.

Sitting-room (sit'ing-rbm), n l. Sufficient space for sitting in; as, sitting-room could not be got in the hall—2. An apartment or room for sitting in. 'The old lady s ordinary sitting-room.' Dickens. 'Their little streetward sitting-room.' Tennyson.

Situate (sit'u-at), a. [Fr. situi, situated, from situer, to place, from L. situs, a site.]

1. Placed, with respect to any other object; permanently flxed; situated; as, a town situate on a hill or on the sea-shore.

I know where it is situate. Shak.

We found the following state of the law to prevail with regard to county franchises derived from property situate within the limits of cities and boroughs. Gladstone.

2. Placed; consisting. 'Pleasure situate iu hill and dale.' Milton.

Situated (sit'u-at-ed),o. [A later form of situate, but now more common. See Situate ]

1. Having a situation; seated, placed, or permanently flxed witli respect to any other object; as, a city situated on a declivity or In front of a lake; a town well situated for trade or manufactures; an observatory well situated for observation of the stars. —

2. Placed, or being in any state or condition with regard to men or things; as, observe how the executor is situated with respect to the heirs.

Thus situated we began to clear spaces in the woods in order to set up the astronomer's observatory. Cook.

Situation (sit-u-a'shon), n, [Fr. situation, from situer. See SITUATE.] 1. Position; scat; location in respect to something else; as, the situation of London is more favourable for foreign commerce than that of Paris.—2. State; condition; position with respect to society or circumstances; as, the situation of a stranger among people nf habits differing from his own cannot be pleasant—3. Circumstances; temporary state or position; as, the situation is one of extreme difficulty to the government Hence, point or conjuncture in a play; as, the situation at the end of the third act is most powerful.—4. Place; office; permanent employment; as, he has a situation in the war department or under government.Syn. Position, seat, site, station, post, place, office, state, condition, case, plight, predicament

Situs (si'tus), 7i. [L., situation.] In hot. the method in which the parts of a plant are arranged, including the position of the parts, llenslow.

Sitz-bath (sits'bath), n. [G. sitzbad-sitz, a chair, a seat, and bad, a bath] A form of bath in which one can take a bath iu a sitting posture; a bath taken in a sitting posture.

Slum (si'uni), n. [Gr. sion, a marsh plant.] A genus of plants, nat. order ITmbelliferic. The best known species is & Sisarum, or skirret (which see).

Siva (si'va), n. Iu Hindu myth, the name of the third god of the Hindu triad, in which he represents the principle of destruction. His emblem is the lingam or phallus, symbolical of creation which follows destruc

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