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gat, Dan. spy-gat, lit. spit-hole) confirm his rilous manner; with gross abuse; with low Scutcheon (skuch'on), n. (A contr. of esderivation.) Naut. a channel cut through indecent language.

cutcheon (which see).] 1. A shield for arthe water-ways and sides of a ship at proper It is barbarous incivility scurrilously to sport with morial bearings; an emblazoned shield; an distances, and lined with lead, for carrying what others count religion.

Tillotson. escutcheon. off the water from the deck. Scurrilousness (skur'ril-us-nes), n. The

A shielded scutcheon blushed with blood of kings Scupper-hole (skup'er-hol), n. A scupper.

and queens.

Keats. quality of being scurrilous; indecency of See SOUPPER.

They tore down the scutcheons bearing the arins language; baseness of manners; scurrility. Scupper-hose (skup'er-höz), n. A leathern

of the family of Caraffa.

Prescott. Scurry (skur'ri), v. i. (Comp. &cur, skir, scour.) pipe attached to the mouth of the scuppers

2. In anc. arch. the shield or plate on a To move rapidly; to hasten away or along; of the lower deck of a ship to prevent the

door, from the centre of which hung the to hurry. water from entering.

door handle.-3. The ornamental cover or

He commanded the horsemen of the Numidians to Scupper-nail (skup'er-nål), n. A nail with

frame to a key-hole.-4. A name-plate, as on scurry to the trenches.

North. a very broad head for covering a large sur

a coffin, pocket-knife, or other object. face of the scupper-hose. Scurry (skurʻri), n. Hurry; haste; impetu

Scutcher (skuch'er), n. 1. One whoscutches.

osity. Scuppernong (skup'er-nong), n. The Ame

2. An implement or machine for scutching rican name for a species of grape, supposed Scurvily (sker'vi-li), adv. In a scurvy man.

fibre. See SCUTCH, v.t. ner: basely: meanly; with coarse and vulgar to be a variety of Vitis vulpina, cultivated

Scute (skût). n. (L. scutum, a buckler.] and found wild in the Southern States. It incivility.

1. A small shield. Gascoigne.-2. A scale, is said to have come from Greece.

The clergy were never more learned, or so scur as of a reptile. See SCUTUM.-3. An ancient

Swift. Scupper-plug (skup'er-plug), n. A plug to vily treated

French gold coin of the value of 38. 4d. stop a scupper.

Scurviness (skėr' vi-nes), n. The state of sterling. Scur (sker), v.i. To move hastily; to scour. being scurvy; meanness; vileness.

Scutel (skü'tel), n. Same as Scutellum. (Obsolete or provincial.]

Scurvy (sker'vi), n. (From scurf (which see)] Scutella (skū-tella), n. pl. Scutellæ (sků. The light shadows

A disease essentially consisting in a de telle). (L., a salver, dim. of scutra, a tray. ] That in a thought scur o'er the fields of corn.

praved condition of the blood, which chiefly One of the horny plates with which the feet Beau. & FI.

affects sailors and such as are deprived for of birds are generally more or less covered, Scurf (skerf), n. (O. E. also scors, scrof, A. Sax. a considerable time of fresh provisions and especially in front. scurf, Icel. skurfur (pl.), Dan. skurv, Sw. a due quantity of vegetable food. It is char Scutellaria (skü-tel-la'ri-a), n. (L. scutella, skorf, G. schorf, scurf.] 1. A material com acterized by livid spots of various sizes, a salver, in allusion to the form of the posed of minute portions of the dry external sometimes minute and sometimes large, calyx.) A genus of herbaceous annuals scales of the cuticle. These are, in moderate paleness, languor, lassitude, and depression or perennials, natives of many different quantity, continually separated by the fric of spirits, general exhaustion, pains in the parts of the world, nat. order Labiatæ. tion to which the surface of the body is sub limbs, occasionally with fetid breath, spungy They are erect or decumbent, with often ject, and are in due proportion replaced by and bleeding gums, and bleeding from al toothed, sometimes pinnatifid leaves, and others deposited on the inner surface of the most all the mucous membranes. It is whorled or spiked blue, violet, scarlet, or cuticle. Small exfoliations of the cuticle, much more prevalent in cold climates than yellow flowers. There are two British speor scales like bran, occur naturally on the in warm. Fresh vegetables, farinaceous sub cies, S. galericulata and S. minor, known scalp, and take place after some eruptions stances, and brisk fermented liquors, good by the common name of skull-cap. They on the skin, a new cuticle being formed un air, attention to cleanliness, and due exer grow on the banks of rivers and lakes, and derneath during the exfoliation. When scurf cise, are among the principal remedies; but | separates from the skin or scalp in unna the most useful article, both as a preventa Scutellate, Scutellated (skü'tel-lát, sku'. tural quantities, it constitutes the disease tive and as a curative agent, is lime or le tel-lat-ed), a. (See SCUTELLA.) Formed called pityriasis, which, when it affects mon juice.

like a plate or platter; divided into small children, is known by the name of dandruff. Scurvy (sker'vi), a. 1. Scurfy; covered or plate-like surfaces; as, the scutellated bone Her crafty head

affected by scurt or scabs; scabby; diseased of a sturgeon. Woodward. Was overgrown with scurf and filthy scald. with scurvy. Scurvy or scabbed.' Lev. | Scutellidæ (sků-tel'i-de), n. pl. [L. scutella,

Spenser xxi. 20.-2. Vile; mean; low; vulgar; worth a saucer, and Gr. eidos, resemblance.) A 2. The soil or foul remains of anything ad less; contemptible; as, a scurvy fellow. family of radiated animals, belonging to the herent. (Rare.)

A very scurvy tune to sing at a man's class Echinodermata and order Echinidæ, The scurf is worn away of each committed crime. funeral.' Shak. “That scurvy custom of having a shell of a circular or elliptic form,

Dryden. taking tobacco.' Swift.-3. Offensive; mis frequently very depressed. The ambulacra 3. Anything adhering to the surface.

chievous; malicious; as, a scurvy trick. are so arranged as to bear some resemblance There stood a hill whose grisly top

Nay, but he prated

to the petals of a flower. There are many Shone with a glossy scurf.


And spoke such scurvy and provoking terms genera and species, both recent and fossil;
Against your honour.

Shak. 4. In bot. the loose scaly matter that is found

these forms being popularly named 'cakeon some leaves, &c.

Scurvy-grass (skér'vi-gras). n. (A corrup urchins.' Scurff (skerf), n. Another name for the tion of scurvy-cress, so named because used | Scutelliform (skū-telli-form), a. (L. SCUbull-trout. as a cure for scurvy.) The common name of

tella, a saucer, and forma, shape.) Scutel. Scurfiness (skérf'i-nes), n. The state of being several British species of plants of the genus

late. In bot. the same as patelliform, but scurfy. Skelton. Cochlearia, nat, order Cruciferæ. They are

oval instead of round, as the embryo of Scurfy (skerf'i), a. 1. Having scurf; covered herbaceous plants, having alternate leaves,

grasses. with scurf.--2. Resembling scurf.

the flowers disposed in terminal racemes,

Scutellum (skū-tel'um), n. pl. Scutella Scurrer (sker'er), n. One who scurs or and usually white. The common scurvy.

(skū-tel'a). (L., dim. of scutum, a shield.) moves hastily. Berners. [Obsolete or prograss (C. officinalis) grows abundantly on

i. In bot. a term used to denote the small vincial.) the sea coast, and along rivers near the sea.

cotyledon on the outside of the embryo of Scurrile (skurril), a. (L. Scurrilis, from The leaves have an acrid and slightly bitter

wheat, inserted a little lower down than scurra, a buffoon, a jester.) Such as befits taste; they are eaten as a salad, and are

the other more perfect cotyledon, which is a buffoon or vulgar jester; low; mean; antiscorbutic and stimulating to the diges

pressed close to the grossly opprobrious in language ; lewdly

albumen.-2. A term tive organs. jocose; scurrilous; as, scurrile scoffing; Some scur vy.grass do bring,

applied to the little scurrile taunts. That inwardly applied's a wondrous sovereign thing.

coloured cup or disc Drayton.

found in the subA scurrile or obscene jest will better advance you 'Scuse (skūs), n. Excuse. Shak. at the court of Charles than your father's ancient

stance of lichens, Scut (skut), n. (Icel. skott, a fox's tail; comp. name. Sir W. Scott.

containing the tubes L. cauda, W. cut, a tail; W. cuta, short.)

filled with sporules,

Scutella in Cudbear Scurrility (skur-ril'i-ti), n. (Fr. scurrilité, L. A short tail, such as that of a hare or deer.

(Lecanora tartarea).

as in the annexed scurrilitas. See SCURRILE.) 1. The quality of How the Indian hare came to have a long tail,

figure of Lecanora being scurrilous; low, vile, or obscene jocu whereas that part in others attains no higher than a

tartarea.-3. In entom. a part of the thorax, larity. Please you to abrogate scurrility.' SCIL.

Sir T. Browne,

sometimes invisible, sometimes, as in some Shak.-2. That which is scurrilous; such

Scutage (skü'táj), n. (L. L. scultagium, from Hemiptera, large, and covering the elytra low, vulgar, indecent or abusive language L scutum, a shield.] In feudal law, same and abdomen. as is used by mean fellows, buffoons, jesters, as Escuage.

Scutibranchian, Scutibranchiate (skůand the like; grossness of abuse or invec

No aid or scutage should be assessed but by con

ti-brang'ki-an, skü-ti-brang' ki-át), n. A tive; obscene jests, &c.

sent of the great council.

Hallam. member of the order Scutibranchiata. We must acknowledge, and we ought to lament,

Scutate (sku'tat), a. (L. scutatus, from scuthat our public papers have abounded in scurrility.

Scutibranchiata (skū'ti-brang-ki-å"ta). 12. Bolingbroke. tum, a shield.)

pl. (L. scutum, a shield, and branchiæ, gills. ]

1. In bot. formed like an Scurrilous (skurril-us). a. 1. Using the low ancient round buckler; as, & scutate leaf.

The name given to an order of hermaphroand indecent language of the meaner sort 2. In zool, applied to a surface protected by of people, or such as only the license of large scales. buffoons can warrant; as, a scurrilous fel- Scutch (skuch), v.t. (Perhaps same as scotch, low. A scurrilous fool.' Fuller.-2. Con to cut, to strike; comp. also Fr. escosse, a taining low indecency or abuse; mean; foul; husk, as of a bean or pea; escosser, to remove vile; obscenely jocular; as, scurrilous lan- | the husk from.] 1. To beat; to drub. [Old guage.

English and Scotch. 2. To dress by beating; He is ever merry, but still modest ; not dissolved |

specifically,(a) in flax manuf. to beat off and into undecent laughter, or tickled with wit scurril. separate, as the woody parts of the stalks ous or injurious.

Habington. of flax; to swingle. () In cotton manu. Scutibranchiata—Venus' Ear (Haliotis tuberculata). 3. Opprobrious; abusive; offensive; infa

to separate, as the individual fibres after

they have been loosened and cleansed. (c) In dite gasteropodous molluscs, including those mous.

silk manuf. to disentangle, straighten, and which have the gills covered with a shell in How often is a person, whose intentions are to do good by the works he publishes, treated in as scur.

cut into lengths, as floss and refuse silk. the form of a shield, as the Haliotis, or rilows a manner as if he were an enemy to mankind.

Scutching machine, a machine for rough ear-shell.

Addison. dressing fibre, as flax, cotton, or silk. Scutibranchiate (skū-ti - brang'ki-át), a. Scurrilously (skur'ril-us-li), adv. In a scur- Scutch (skuch), n. Same as Scutcher, 2. Pertaining to the order Scutibranchiata ;




in one hand with which he collects a small bundle of the straggling corn, and with the scythe in the other hand cuts it. - 2. A

having the gills protected by a shield-like Scyllæa (sil-le'a), n. A genus of nudibranshell

chiate gasteropods. The common species Scutiferous (sků-tiffér-us). a. [L. scutum, (S. pelagica) is found on the Fucus natans, a shield, and sero, to bear.) Carrying a or gulf-weed, wherever this appears. shield or buckler.

Scyllarian (sil-lá'ri-an), n. One of the family Scutiform (skū'ti-form), a. (L. scutum, a Scyllaridæ. backler, and forma, form. ) Having the Scyllaridæ (sil-lâ'ri-dē), n. pl. (See below.) form of a buckler or shield.

A family of long-tailed decapodous crabs, Scutter (skut'er), i (From or allied to scud: characterized by the wide, flat carapace, the comp. scuttle, to run) To run or scuttle large and leaf-like outer antennæ, and the away with short quick steps; to scurry.

partly flexible tail-fan, by which they drive I saw little Miss Haghes sauttering across the field.

themselves through the water. They live in

Mrs. H. Wood. moderately shallow water, where the bed of Scuttle (skut?), n (A. Sax. scutel, scuttel, the sea is soft and muddy. Here they bura dish, a scuttle; Icel. scutin; from L. SCU row rather deeply, and only issue from their tella, dim of sutra, a dish or platter.) 1. A retreat for the purpose of seeking food. broad shallow basket: so called from its Scyllarus (sil-lä'rus), n. (Gr. skyllaros, a resemblance to a dish

kind of crab.) A genus of long-tailed tenThe carth and stones they are fain to carry from

footed crustaceans, family Scyllaridae, of under their feet in scuttles and baskets. Hakewill.

which there are several species, some of

which are eatable, and in Japan are con2 A wide-mouthed metal pan or pail for sidered as delicacies. holding coals

Scyliidæ (si-li'i-dé). n. pl. (Gr. skylion, a Scuttle (skut1). n. (Probably for shuttle,

kind of shark.) The dog-fishes, a family of adim. from the verb to shut. Comp. also

small-sized, but very abundant sharks, three O Fr. cecoutille, Mod. Fr, écoutille, Sp. esco

species of which occur off our own coasts. tilla, a hatchway: origin doubtful.) 1. A

They have a pair of spiracles, two dorsal square hole in the wall or roof of a house,

fins placed above the ventrals, which latter with a lid; also, the lid that covers such an

are abdominal in position, and an anal fin; opening-2 Naut. a small hatchway or open

their branchial apertures, which are small, ing in the deck, with a lid for covering it;

are situated above the base of the pectoral also, a like hole in the side of a ship, or

fin. They are oviparous, depositing their through the coverings of her hatchways,

eggs fecundated in curious oblong horny &c.-dir-cuttles, ports in a ship for the

cases, provided with filamentary appendadmission of air.

ages. These cases are frequently cast upon Scuttle (skutt). •. t. (From the noun ) Naut.

the beach, and are known as mermaid'sto cut holes through the bottom or sides of

purses or sea-purses. See DOG-FISH. a ship, for any purpose; to sink by making Scymetar. Scymitar (sim'i-têr), n. A short holes through the bottom; as, to scuttle a

sword with a convex blade. See SCMIship

He was the mildest manner'd man
That ever scuttle ship or cut a throat. Byron.

Scymnidæ (sim'ni-dē), n. pl. (Gr. skynnos,

a lion's whelp.) A family of sharks, destiSenttle (skut. Di pret. & pp. seuttled :

tute of an anal fin, but possessing two dorppr. eutling. (A form of scuddle, a freq. sals, neither of which is furnished with of scued.) To run with affected precipitation; spines. The lobes of the caudal fin are to hurry: to scuddle. "The old fellow nearly equal, and the head is furnished with souttled out of the room.' Arbuthnot.

a pair of small spiracles. The Greenland Scuttle (skut). n. (See the verb.) A quick shark is the best known species. pace; a short run. Spectator.

Scyphiform (skif'i-form), a. (Gr. skyphos, Scuttle-butt, Scuttle-cask (skutl-but, a cup, and E. form.) Goblet-shaped, as the skut 1-kask). A butt or cask with a hole, fructification of some of the lichens. covered by a lid, in its side or top, for hold

Scyphulus (sif'u-lus), n. (Dim. of scyphus. ] ing the fresh water for daily use in a ship

In bot. the cup-like appendage from which or other vessel.

the seta of Hepaticæ arises. Scuttled-butt (skut7d-but), n. Same as

Scyphus (ski'fus), n. [Gr. skyphos, a cup or Seuttie-butt

goblet.) 1. A kind of large drinking-cup Scuttle-fish (skut'l-fish), n. The cuttle

anciently used by the lower orders among

the Greeks and Etrurians. Fairholt.-2. In Scutum (sku'tum), n. (L.) 1. The shield of

bot. the coronet or cup of such plants as the heavy-armed Roman legionaries. It

narcissus; also, in lichens, a cup-like dilawas generally oval or of a semi-cylindrical

tation of the podetium or stalk-like elonga-
tion of the thallus, bearing shields upon its

Scytale (si'ta-lë), n. (L. and Gr.) A genus
1 /

of very poisonous snakes. The species are
stout, cylindrical, and rather long. The
back and tail possess keeled scales. The
poison-fangs resemble those of the rattle-
snake. One species, S. pyramidum, is very
plentiful near Cairo and in the neighbour-
hood of the pyramids.
Scythe (situ). n. (Better written sithe;

A. Sax. sithe for sinthe, Icel. sigth; from
root of sickle.] 1. An instrument used in
mowing or reaping, consisting of a long
curving blade with a sharp edge, made fast
at a proper angle to a handle, which is bent
into a convenient form for swinging the
blade to advantage. Most scythes have two
projecting handles fixed to the principal
handle, by which they are held. The real
line of the handle is that which passes

through both the hands, and ends at the Various forms of the Roman Scutum.

head of the blade. This may be a straight

line or a crooked one, generally the latter, shape, made of wood or wicker-work, covered and by moving these handles up or down with leather, and defended with plates of the main handle, each mower can place iron.-2. In anat. the patella or knee-pan, them so as best suits the natural size and from its shape.--3. In zool. (a) the second position of his body. For laying cut corn section of the upper surface of the segment evenly, a cradle, as it is called, may be used. of an insect (6) Any shield-like plate, es The cradle is a species of comb, with three pecially such as is developed in the integu or four long teeth parallel to the back of ment of many reptiles.-4. In old law, a the blade, and fixed in the handle. Fig. 2 pent-house or awning.

shows a species of scythe which has been Scybala (sib'a-la), n. pl. [Gr skybalon, called the cradle-scythe, as it is regularly dung ) In pathol, small indurated balls or used with the cradle for reaping in some fragments into which the faces become con localities. It has a short branching handle verted when too long retained in the colon. somewhat in the shape of the letter Y, hav. Scye (si), n. The curve cut in a body piece ing two small handles fixed at the extremi. of a garment before the sleeve is sewed in, ties of the two branches at right angles to to suit the contour of the arm.

the plane in which they lie. The Hainault Scylet (sil), v.t. (A. Sax. scylan, to separate, scythe is a scythe used with only one hand, to withdraw. To conceal: to veil. Chau and is employed when the corn is much

laid and entangled. The person has a hook

1, Common Scythe. 2. Cradle Scythe. curved sharp blade anciently attached to the wheels of war chariots. Scythe (sīTH), v.t. pret. & pp. scythed; ppr. scything. 1. To mow; to cut with a scythe, or as with a scythe. "Time has not scythed all that youth begun.' Shak.-2. To arm or furnish with a scythe or scythes. 'Chariots, scythed, on thundering axles rolled.' Glover. Scytheman (situ'man), n. One who uses a scythe; a mower. The stooping scytheman.' Marston. Scythe-stone (SITH'ston), 1. A whetstone

for sharpening scythes. Scythian (sith'i-an),a. Pertaining to Scythia; a name given in ancient times to a vast, indefinite, and almost unknown territory north and east of the Black Sea, the Caspian, and the Sea of Aral. Scythian (sith'i-an), n. A native or inhabitant of Scythia. «The barbarous Scythian.'

Shak. Scythrops (sith'rops), n. (Gr. skythros, angry, and ope, aspect.] The channel.bill. a genus of birds belonging to the cuckoo family. Only one species is known, the S. Nova Hollandia, a very handsome and elegantly coloured bird inhabiting part of Australia and some of the Eastern Islands, about the size of the common crow. It has a large and curiously formed beak, which gives it so singular an aspect, that on a hasty glance it might almost be taken for a toucan or hornbill Scytodepsic (sit-o-dep'sik), a. (Gr. skytos, a hide, and depseo, to tan.) Pertaining to the business of a tanner. (Rare.) - Scytodepsic principle, tannin.-Scytodepsic acid, gallic acid. Sdayn,t Sdeignt (sdän), n. and v.t. Disdain.

'Sdeath (sdeth), interj. (Corrupted from
God's death.) An exclamation generally ex-
pressive of impatience. “'Sdeath I'll print
it.' Pope.

The rabble should have first unroofd the city.

Sdeinfult (sdān'ful), a Disdainful.
Sea (se), n. (A. Sax. sce, D. see, zee, O. Fris.

se, Dan. sö, Icel, sær, sjár, sjór (r being
merely the nom. sign), G. see, Goth. saivs,
sea; same root as Gr. huei (for suei), it rains;
Skr. sava, water. Grimm thinks sea and
soul are both from a root signifying restless
billowy movement. See SOUL) 1. The
general name for the continuous mass of
salt water which covers the greater part
of the earth's surface; the ocean. (See
OCEAN.) The term is also applied in a
more limited though indefinite sense to an
offshoot of the main sea or ocean which,
from its position or configuration, is con-
sidered deserving of a special name, as the
Mediterranean Sea, the Black Sea, the Bal.
tic Sea, &c. Inland lakes, in some cases,
are also called seas, as the Caspian and
Aral Seas, the Sea of Galilee.-2. A wave;
a billow; a surge; as, the vessel shipped a

The broad seas swell'd to meet the keel,
And swept behind.

3. The swell of the ocean in a tempest, or
the direction of the waves; as, we head the
sea.-4. Any large quantity; an ocean; a flood;
as, a sea of difficulties. That sea of blood.'
Eikon Basilike. 'Deep-drenched in a sea
of care.' Shak.-5. A large basin, cistern,
or laver which Solomon made in the temple,

through the Lich thered to the has the

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Seafaring (sé'får ing), a. Following the jointed stems, whence they are called also business of a seaman : customarily em Joint-fire.-2. A popular name for the gulfployed in navigation Shak.

weed.-3. A popular name for the eggs of Sea-fennel (se'len-nel), n. Samphire.

cuttle-fishes, which are agglutinated togeSea-fern (se'ferd), n. A popular name for ther in masses resembling bunches of a variety of coral resembling a fern.

grapes. Sea-fight(se'fit), n. An engagement between Sea - grass (sē'gras), n. A British plant of ships at sea; a naval action.

the genus Zostera, the Z. marina, called Sea-fir (së'ler), n. A popular name applied also Grassurack and Sea-wrack. See GRASSto many animals of the coelenterate order WRACK. Bertularida (which see).

Sea-green (sē'grén), a. Having the colour Sea-fish (se'fish), n. Any marine fish; as | of sea-water; being of a faint green colour. fish that lives usually in salt water.

Sea - green ( sē'grēn), n. 1. The colour of Sea-foam (sé'fõm), n. 1. The froth or foam sea - water. – 2. A plant, the saxifrage. of the sea-2. A popular name for meer 3. Ground overflowed by the sea in springschaum, from an idea that it is sea-froth in tides. a concrete state.

Sea-gromwell (sē'grom-wel), n. See SEASeaforthia (se-for'thi-a). 12. A genus of BUGLOSS. palms indigenous to the eastern coast of tro Sea-gudgeon (sè'gu-jon), n. The rock-fish pical Australia and the Indian Archipel or black goby (Gobius niger), found in the ago, named in honour of Francis, Lord Sea German Ocean and on the Atlantic and forth. The species are elegant in appear Mediterranean coasts of Europe. ance, with pinnate leaves. The flower. Sea - gull (sērgul), n. A bird of the genus spikes are at first inclosed in spathes vary Larus; a gull. See GULL. ing from one to four in number, and have Seah (se'a), n, A Jewish dry measure connumerous tail-like branches, along which taining nearly 14 pints. Simmonds, the flowers are arranged either in straight Sea-hare (sè'hår), n. A molluscous animal lines or in spirals, the lower portions having of the genus Aplysia (which see). them in threes, one female between two Sea-heath (sè'hēth), n. The common name males, and the upper in pairs of males only. of two species of British plants, of the geOne species, S. elegans, has been introduced nus Frankenia, the F. lævis and F. pulveruinto our collections, and thrives in light lenta. See FRANKENIA. sandy loam and heath mould.

Sea-hedgehog (sē'hej-hog), n. A species of Sea-fowl (se'fonl). n. A marine fowl; any Echinus, so called from its prickles, which bird that lives by the sea and procures its resemble in some measure those of the food from salt water.

hedgehog; sea-egg: sea-urchin.
Sea - fox (se'foks ). 7. A fish of the shark Sea-hen (sē'hen), n. The guillemot (which

Sea-hog (sē'hog), n. The porpoise (which

Sea - holly (sē'hol-li), n. A plant of the ge-
nus Eryngium, thé E. maritimum. See
Sea-holm (sē'hõlm or sē'hôm), n. A small

uninhabited isle.
Sea-holm (sē'holm or sē'hôn), n. Sea-holly.

Cornwall bringeth forth greater store of sea-holm
and samphire than any other county. Carew.
Sea-horse (sé'hors). n. 1. The morse or
walrus. See WALRUS. - 2. Same as Hip-

pocampus. See HIPPOCAMPUS.-3. A fabuFox-shark (Alopias vulpes).

lous animal depicted with fore parts like

those of a horse, and with hinder parts family. Alopias or Alopecias vulpes, called like those of a fish. The Nereids used seaalso Fea-shark or Thresher. It measures from horses as riding-steeds, and Neptune em12 to 15 feet in length, and is characterized ployed them for drawing his chariot. In by the wonderfully long upper lobe of the tail, which nearly equals in length the body from the tip of the snout to the base of the tail The lower lobe is quite short and inconspicuous. It is called sea-fox from the length and size of its tail, and thresher from ita habit of using it as a formidable weapon of attack or defence. Sea-gage, Sea-gauge ('gáj), n. 1. The depth that a vessel sinks in the water. 2 An instrument for ascertaining the depth of the sea beyond ordinary deep-sea soundings. It is a self-registering apparatus, in which the condensation of a body of air is caused by a column of quicksilver on which

Sea-horse. the water acts. Sea-gilliflower (sė-jilli-flou-er), n. A Bri

the sea-horse of heraldry a scalloped fin tish plant. Armeria maritima, called also

runs down the back. Sca-pink and Thrift. See SEA-PINK.

Sea-jelly (sē'jel-li), n. Same as Jelly-fish. Sea - girdle (sé'ger-dl), n. A sea-weed, the

Sea-kale (sē'kål), n. A species of colewort, Laminaria digitala, called also Tangle,

the Crambe maritima. Called also SeaSealand, &c.

cabbage. See CRAMBE. Sea-girkin (se'ger-kin), n. A name common

Sea - king (sē'king), n. (Icel, scekonungr, to several members of the family Holothu.

a sea-king, a viking.) A king of the sea; ridze, akin to the sea-cucumber (which see)

specifically, one of the piratical Northmen Sea - girt (segért), a. Surrounded by the

who invested the coasts of Western Europe water of the sea or ocean; as, a sea-girt isle.

in the eighth, ninth, and tenth centuries:

a viking (which see). Sea-king's daughter Pass we the joys and sorrows sailors find, Coop'd in their winged sea-girt citadel. Byron.

from over the sea.' Tennyson.

Seal (sel), n. (A. Sax. seol, seolh, Sc. selch, Sea-god (se'god), n. A marine deity; a di. silch, Icel. selr, Dan. sæl, O.H.G. selach: vinity supposed to preside over the ocean or sea, as Neptune. Some lusty sea-god.' B. Jonson. Sea-goddess (së'god-es), n. A female deity of the ocean; a marine goddess. Pope. Sea - going ('go-ing), a. Lit. going or travelling on the sea; specifically, applied to a vessel which makes foreign voyages, as opposed to a coasting or river vessel. Sea - gown (sēgoun), n. A gown or garmeut with short sleeves worn by mariners.

y seq-gouon scarf'd about me.' Shak. Sea - grape (segráp). n. 1. The popular Dame of a genus of plants, Ephedra, espe

Marbled Seal (Phoca discolor). cially E. distachya, nat order Gnetaceae, closely allied to the conifers. The species origin doubtful.] The name given gener. Consist of small trees or twiggy shrubs with ally to mammals of certain genera belong


almost every sea out of the limits of the tropics, but they especially abound in the seas of the arctic and antarctic regions. The body is elongated and somewhat fishlike in shape, covered with a short dense fur or coarse hairs, and terminated behind by a short conical tail. The Phocidæ have their hind-feet placed at the extremity of the body, and in the same line, so as to serve the purpose of a caudal fin; the forefeet are also adapted for swimming, and furnished each with five claws. They are largely hunted for their fur and blubber, a valuable oil being obtained from the latter; and to the Esquimaux they not only furnish food for his table, oil for his lamp, and clothing for his person, but even the bones and skins supply material for his boats and his summer tents. There are numerous species. The common seal (Phoca vitulina) is not uncommon on British coasts. It averages about 4 feet in length, and its fur is grayish-brown, mottled with black. It is easily tamed, and soon becomes attached to its keeper or those who feed it. Closely allied to the common seal is the marbled seal (P.discolor) found on the coast of France. The P. greenlandica (harp - seal or saddle. back seal) forms the chief object of pursuit by the seal-fishers, and has its familiar name from a black or tawny mark on the back, resembling a harp in shape, the body fur being gray. The great seal (P. barbata) measures from 8 to 10 feet in length, and occurs in southern Greenland. The gray seal (Halichærus griseus) frequents more southern regions than the preceding, and attains a length of from 8 to 9 feet. The smallest of the Greenland seals, P. foetida, is so called because of the disagreeable odour emitted by the skin of old males. A species of the genus Phoca, known as the P. caspica, is found in the Caspian Sea, and also in the Siberian lakes Aral and Baikal. The crested seal (Cystophora cristata) is comimon on the coasts of Greenland, &c. The so-called crest is a bladder-like bag capable of being inflated with air from the animal's nostrils. The Otaride, or eared seals, have a small external ear, and the neck is much better defined than in the Phocidae. They are also able to move about on land with greater ease, owing to the greater freedom of the fore-limbs. The best known forms are the Otaria ursina (sea-bear) and Otaria jubata (sea-lion). The famous under fur which forms the valued seal-skin' is obtained from species of the Otaridæ. See SEA-BEAR, SEA-ELEPHANT, SEA-LION. Seal (sel), n. [A. Sax, sigel, sigl, from L. 8igillum, a little figure or image, a seal, dim, of signum, a sign, a token (whence sign, signal, signet).) 1. A piece of stone, metal, or other hard substance, usually round or oval, on which is engraved some image or device, and sometimes a legend or inscription, used for making an impression on some soft substance, as on the wax that makes fast a letter or other inclosed paper, or is affixed to legal instruments in token of performance or of authenticity. Seals are sometimes worn in rings. -Great seal, a seal used for the United Kingdoms of England and Scotland, and sometimes Ireland, in sealing the writs to summon parliament, treaties with foreign states, and all other papers of great moment.


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The office of the lord-chancellor, or lord Sea-lemon (sē'lem-on), n. A nudibranchi when tanned is used in making boots, &c. keeper, is created by the delivery of the ate gasteropodous mollusc, of the genus The skin of some species, as the sea-bear or great seal into his custody. - Privy-seal, Doris, having an oval body, convex, marked fur-seal, when the coarser long outer hairs lord privy-seal. See PRIVY-SEAL.-Seal of with numerous punctures, and of a lemon are removed, leaving the soft under fur, is cause, in Scots law, the grant or charter by colour.

the expensive seal - skin of which ladies' which a royal burgh or the superior of a Sea-leopard (selep-ärd), n. A species of jackets, &c., are made. burgh of barony has power conferred upon seal, of the genus Leptonyx (L. Weddellit), Seal-wax (sėl'waks). n. Sealing-wax. them of constituting subordinate corpora so named from the whitish spots on the Your organs are not so dull that I should inform tions or crafts, and which defines the privi. upper part of the body.

you 'tis an inch, sir, of seal-wax.

Sterne. leges and powers to be possessed by the Sealer (sel'ér), n. One who seals; specif.

Seam (sēm), n. (A. Sax. sedm, sêm, a hem, subordinate corporation. — 2. The wax or cally, in America, an officer appointed to

a seam; Icel. saumr, Dan. and Sw. söm, D. other substance impressed with a device examine and try weights and measures, and

zoom, G.saum, all from verb to sew. See SEW.) and attached as a mark of authenticity to set a stamp upon such as are according to

1. A joining line or fold formed by the sew. letters and other instruments in writing; the proper standard; also, an officer who

ing or stitching of two different pieces of as, a deed under hand and seal. inspects leather, and stamps such as is

cloth, leather, and the like together; a suTill thou canst rail the seal from off my bond, good,

ture. Thou but offend'st thy lungs to speak so loud. Sealer (sėl'er), n. A seaman or a ship enShak.

The coat was without scam, woven from the top gaged in the seal-fishery. 3. The wax, wafer, or other fastening of a


Jn. xix, 23. Sea-letter (sē'let-ér), n. A document from letter or other paper.

2. The line or space between planks when the custom-house, expected to be found on Arthur spied the letter in her hand, board of every neutral ship on a foreign

joined or fastened together. - 3. In geol. Stoopt, took, brake seal, and read it. Tennyson. voyage. It specifies the nature and quan

(a) the line of separation between two strata. 4. That which authenticates, confirms, rati tity of the cargo, the place whence it comes,

(b) A thin layer, bed, or stratum, as of ore, fies, or makes stable; assurance; pledge. and its destination. Called also Sea-brief.

coal, and the like, between two thicker 2 Tim. ii. 19. Sea-level (se-lev'el), n. The level of the

strata.-4. A cicatrix or scar. But my kisses, bring again, bring again ;. surface of the sea

Seam (sēm), v.t. 1. To form a seam on; to Seals of love, but sealed in vain. Shak. Sealgh, Selch (selch), n. The seal or sea

sew or otherwise unite with, or as with, a 5. That which effectually shuts, confines, of calf. Written also Silck. (Scotch.

seam.--2. To mark with a cicatrix; to scar;

as, seamed with wounds. Seamed with an secures; that which makes fast. Rev. XX. Ye needna turn away your head sae sourly, like a

ancient sword-cut.' Tennyson, 3. Under the seal of silence.' Milton. sealgh when he leaves the shore. Sir W. Scott. To set one's seal to, to give one's authority

Seam (sēm), n. (A. Sax. seam, G. saum, a Sea-light (sē'lit), n. A light to guide mari.

sack of 8 bushels, a horse-load; from LL. or imprimatur to; to give one's assurance of. ners during the night. See LIGHTHOUSE,

sauma, salma, for L. saga, Gr. sagma, a Seal (sēl), v. t. (From the noun. 1. To set


pack-saddle.) A measure of 8 bushels of or atfix a seal to, as a mark of authenticity; Sealing (sel'ing), n. (From seal, the ani.

corn, or the vessel that contains it. - A as, to seal a deed. Hence-2. To confirm; mal.) The operation of catching seals, cur

8eam of glass, the quantity of 120 pounds. to ratify; to establish: to fix. Seal the ing their skins, and obtaining their oil.

or 24 stone of 5 pounds each. bargain with a holy kiss.' Shak.

Sealing-wax (sėl'ing-waks), n. A composi Seam (sēm), n. (Also written saim, sayme, And with my hand I seal our true hearts' love. tion of resinous materials used for fasten.

probably from an old French form with m, Shak.

ing folded papers and envelopes, and thus When therefore I have performed this, and have

equivalent to It, sa ime, grease, lard, though sealed to them this fruit, I will come by you into concealing the writing, and for receiving

the ordinary French form is sain; from L. Spain.

Rom. xv. 28.

impressions of seals set to instruments. sagina, a fattening, fatness.] Tallow; grease; Thy fate and mine are sealed. Tennyson. Common bees'. wax was first used in this

lard. Bastes his arrogance with his own 3. To fasten with a fastening marked with a country, and in Europe generally, being

8eam.' Shak. [Provincial.) seal: to fasten securely, as with a wafer or mixed with earthy materials to give it con

Sea-maid (se'mad), n. 1. The mermaid. To sistency. Ordinary red sealing-wax is made with wax; as, to seal a letter.

hear the sea-maid's music.' Shak. See of pure bleached lac, to which are added I have seen her ... take forth paper, fold it,

MERMAID.-2. A sea-nymph. P. Fletcher. write upon't, read it, afterwards seal it, and again Venice turpentine and vermilion. In in

Sea-mall (sē'mal), n. A gull; a sea-mew. return to bed. Shak. ferior qualities a proportion of coruinon

Seaman (sē'man), n. 1. A man whose occupaSo they went and made the sepulchre sure, sealing resin and red-lead is used, and black and

tion is to assist in the navigation of ships the stone and setting a watch. Mat. xxvii. 66. other colours are produced by substituting

at sea; a mariner; a sailor: applied both to 4. To shut or keep close; to keep secret: appropriate pigments.

officers and common sailors, but technically sometimes with up; as, seal your lips; seal Sea-lion (sē'li-on). n. 1. A name common

restricted to those working below the rank up your lips. Sealed the lips of that evanto several large members of the seal family

of officer. - Able-bodied seaman, a sailor who gelist.' Tennyson. (Otarida), the best known of which is the

is well skilled in seamanship, and classed in Otaria jubata, or 0. Stelleri. It has a thick Open your ears, and seal your bosom, upon the

the ship's books as such. Contracted A.B. secret concerns of a friend. Dwight.

-Ordinary seaman, one less skilled than 5. To inclose; to confine: to imprison; to

an able-bodied seaman.--2. A merman, the keep secure. Sealed within the iron hills.'

male of the mermaid. Not to mention Tennyson.

mermaids or seamen.' Locke. (Rare.] Back to the infernal pit I drag thee chain'd,

Seamanship (sē'man-ship), n. The skill of And seal thee so, as henceforth not to scorn

a good seaman; an acquaintance with the The facile gates of hell. Milton.

art of managing and navigating a ship at 6. Among the Mormons and some other po

sea. lygamous sects, to take to one's self, or to

Sea-marge (sē' märj), n. The border or assign to another, as a second or additional

shore of the sea. Thy sea-marge, sterile, wife.

and rocky hard.' Shak. If a man once married desires a second helpmate,

Sea-mark (se'märk), n. Any elevated object ... she is sealed to him under the solemn sanction

on land which serves for a direction to maof the church. Howard Stansbury.

riners in entering a harbour, or in sailing 7. To stamp, as an evidence of standard

along or approaching a coast; a beacon, as exactness, legal size, or merchantable qua

a lighthouse, a mountain, &c. lity; as, to seal weights and measures; to

Sea-lion (Otaria jubata).

They were executed at divers places upon the sea. seal leather. (American.-8. In hydraulics,

coast, for sca-marks or lighthouses, to teach Per. to prevent flow or reflux of, as air or gas in

kin's people to avoid the coast.

Bacon. skin, and reddish yellow or dark brown a pipe, by means of carrying the end of the hair, and a mane on the neck of the male

Sea-mat (sē'mat), n. See POLYZOA. inlet or exit pipe below the level of the reaching to the shoulders. It attains the

Sea-maw (sē'ma). n. The sea-mew or sealiquid.-9. In arch. to fix, as a piece of wood length of 10 to 15 feet, and is found in the

gull. 'Gi'e our ain fish-guts to our ain seaor iron in a wall, with cement, plaster, or southern hemisphere, as also in the North

maus' Scotch proverb. (Scotch.) other binding material for staples, hinges, Pacific about the shores of Kamtchatka and

Seam-blast (sēm'blast), n. A blast made &c. the Kurile Isles.-2. In her, a monster con

by filling with powder the seams or crevices Seal (sēl), v.i. To fix a seal. sisting of the upper part of a lion combined

made by a previous drill-blast. Yes, Shylock, I will seal unto this bond. Shak. with the tail of a fish.

Seamed (sēmd), a. In falconry, not in good Sea-lace (sē'lās). n.

condition: out of condition: said of a falcon. A

Seal-lock (sēl'lok), n. species of algæ

A lock in which the (Chorda Filum), the frond of which is slimy. key-hole is covered by a seal, which can be

Sea-mell (sē'mel), n. A sea-mew or gull. perfectly cylindrical, and sometimes 20 or 80 arranged that the lock cannot be opened

Seamer (sēm'ér), n. One who or that which even 40 feet in length. without rupturing the seal.

seams; a seamster. Called also Seacatgut.

Sea-loach löch). 2. A British fish of | Sea-mew (se'mu), n. A species of gull: A Sea-lark (sē lärk), n. 1. A bird of the sand. the genus Motella (M. vulgaris), of the fa

sea-gull. See GULL. piper kind.-2. A bird of the dotterel kind: mily Gadidæ, so called from its wattles and

The night wind sighs, the breakers roar, general resemblance to the fresh-water loach.

And shrieks the wild sea-mcw. the ring dotterel or plover.

Byron. Sea-lavender (sē la-ven-der). n. A British

Called also Three-bearded Rockling, Whistle- Sea-mile (sē'mil), n. A nautical or geograplant of the genus Statice (S. Limonium).

fish, Three-bearded Cod, Three-bearded Gade. phical mile; the sixtieth part of a degree of nat. order Plumbaginacea. The root pos.

Sea-louse (se'lous), n. A name common to latitude or of a great circle of the globe. sesses astringent properties. The sea-lavarious species of isopodous crustacea, such

Sea-milkwort (sē'milk-wert), n. A British vender that lacks perfume.' Crabbe. as the genus Cymothoa, parasitic on fishes.

plant of the genus Glaux, the G. maritima. Sealed-earth (sēld'érth), n. Terra sigillata,

The name is also given to the Molucca

See GLAUX. an old name for medicinal earths, which crab, or Pediculus marinus.

Seaming -lace, Seam-lace (sēm'ing-las. were made up into cakes and stamped or Seal-ring (sel'ring), n. A signet-ring.

sēm'lās), n. A lace used by coach-makers sealed.

I have lost a seal-ring of my grandfather's, worth to cover seams and edges. Sea-leech (sē'lech). n. See SKATE-SUCKER.

forty mark.


Seamless (eem'les), a. Having no seam. Sea-legs (se'legz), n. pl. The ability to walk Seal-skin (sēl'skin), n. The skin of the seal, Sea-monster (se'mon-ster), n. 1. A huge, on a ship's deck when pitching or rolling; | which when dressed with the fur on is made hideous, or terrible marine animal. Where as, to get one's sea-legs. (Colloq)

into caps and other articles of clothing, or luxury late reigned, sea-monster's whelp.'

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