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Sage. John (Scotch bishop; 1652-1711), Bp. Sage. St. John, Jas. Aug. (travels, Ate.; 1801

1875) J.A.St.yehn.

Saintsbury, George (critic) G. Saintsbury.

Sala, Geo. Augustus (misc. writer), . . G. A. Saia. Sancroft, Wm., D.D. (Abp. of Cant.;

1616-1693) Abp. Sancrcft.

Sanders, Rich, (astrol.; works 1653-84), Rich.Sanders. Sanderson. Kobt, D.D. (Bp. of Line;

1587-1663) Bp. Sanderson ot Sanderson.

Sandys, Edwin, D.D. (Abp. of York;

1519-1588) Abf. Sandys.

Sandys, Sir Edwin. M.P. [Europo? Speculum, Stc; 1561-1639) Sir E. Sandys.

Sandys. George (poet; 1577-1644), . . Sandys. Sanford.Jas. (translator; works 1567-1576), Sanford. Saiikey, W. H. 0. {Mental Diseases, 1866), Sanity.

Saturday Review, Sat. Rev.

Savage, Ma union W. (novelist; d. 1873), M.W.Savage. Savage, Rich, (poet; 1696-1743), . . . Savage. Savile, Sir Henry (antiq.; 1549-1621), Sir H. Savile. Saxe, John Godfrey, LL. D. (Amer. poet), J. G. Saxe.

Sayce, Arch. Henry (philol.) A. H. Sayce.

Schmidt, Alex. {Shak. Lexicon, 1875), . Schmidt.
Sclater. W., D.D. (theol.; d. 1626), . . Dr. Sciater.
Scott. John, D.D. (theol.; 1638-1694). - Dr. J. Scott.
Scott. Michael (novelist; 1789-1835), . Mick. Scott.
Scott, Thos., D.D. (commentator; 1747-

1821) Th. Scott.

Scott, Sir Walter (1771-1832) Sir W. Scott.

Seeker, Thos., LL.D. (Abp. of Cant.;

1693-1768) Sedter.

Sedgwick, Catherine Maria (Amer.

novelist; 1789-1867), Miss Sedgwick,

Sedley, SirChas. (dramatist; 1639-1701), Sedley. Seelye, Julius Hawley (Amer. phUo*i>ph), y.ii. See/ye. Selby, PrideauxJohn (naturalist; 1780

1867) Selby.

Selden, John (polit. writer; 1584-1654), Setden. Seward, Anna (poetess; 1747-1809),. Anna Seward. Seward, Wm. (biog.; 1747-1799), . • . Seward. Sewell.Geo., M.D. (dramas, Stc; d. 1726), G. Sewell. Shadwell, Thos. (dramatist; 1640-1693), Shadwelt. Shaftesbury, Anthony Cooper, Earl of

{Characteristics of Men; 1671-1713), . Shaftesbury, Shakspere, William (1564-1616), . . . Shak. Sharp, John. D.D. (Abp. of York; 1644

1714) Abp. Sharp.

Sharpe, Jas. B. (surg.; works 1815-32), Skarpe.
Sharpe, Rev. John (trans, Wm. of

Malmes., 1815) Rev. J. Skarpe.

Sharpe, Samuel (Egyptologist; 1800

1881) S. Skarpe.

Sheffield. John (Duke of Buck.; 1649

1730) Sheffield.

Sheil, Rich. L&lor (Irishpolit.; 1793-1851), Shut. Sheldon, Rich. (relig. works, 1611-1623), Sheldon. Shelford, Robert (relig. writer; 1603-1635), Shelford. Shelley, Percy Bysshe (1792-1833), . . Skelley. Shclton, Thos. (trans, of Don Quixote,

1612-30), She/ton.

Shenstone, William (poet; 1714-1763), . Shenstone.

Sheridan, R. B. (1751-1816) Sheridan.

Sherlock, Thos., D.D. (Bp. of London;

1678-1761). Bp. Skerlock.

Sherwood, Kobt. [Eng. and French

Diet., 1633) Sherwood.

Shipley. Rev. Orby [Gloss.Bales. Terms,

187a) Rev. Orby Shipley.

Shirley, Sir Anthony (traveller; 1565

1630) Sir A. Shirley.

Shirley, James (dramatist; 1596-1666),. Shirley. Shuckford. Sam., D.D. (hist.. Stc; d. 1754). Shuckford. Sibbald, Sir Robt. (naturalistandantiq.;

works 1661-1711) Sir R. Sibbald.

Sibbes, Rich., D.D. (relig. writer; 1577

1635) Dr. Sibbes.

Sim mo 11 els. Peter Lund [Diet. Trade

Products), Simmonds.

Sinclair, Sir John, LL.D., M.P. (Statist.

Ace. of Scotland; 1754-1835),. . Siry. Sinclair. Skeat, Walter Will. (philoL), .... Skeat. Skelton, John (poet; 1460-1529), . . . Skelton. Skelton, Rev. Philip (1707-1787), . . Philip Skelton. Skinner, Rev. John (Scotch poet; 1721

1B07), Skinner.

Skinner, Robert, D.D. (Bp. of Wot.;

1590-1670) Bp. R. Skinner.

Smalridge, Geo., D.D. (Bp. of Brls.;

1663-1719) Bp. Smalridge or Smalridge.

Smart, BenJ. H. (lexicog.; 1787-1672), . Smart. Smart, Christopher (poet; 1723-1770), . C. Smart. Smellie, Wm, (miscel. writer; 1740-1795), W. Smettie. Smiles, Samuel {Self Help, Stc), . . . Smiles. Smith, Adam (polit. econ.; 1723-1790). Adam Smith. Smith, Albert (novelist. Stc; 1816-1860), Albert Smith. Smith, Alex, (poet; 1830-1867), . . . Alex. Smith. Smith, Edmund (poet; 1688-1710), . . Ed. Smith. Smith, Goldwin (prof, and writer on hist

and politics) Goldwin Smith.

Smith, Horace (miscel. writer; 1779-1849), H. Smith. Smith, James {Reject. Addresses; 1775

1839) James Smith.

Smith, John, M.D. {Solomon'sPortraiture of Old Age, 1666), .... Dr. John Smith.

Smith, Philip (hist.) P. Smith.

Smith, Samuel S.. D.D., LL.D. (Amer.

Names in full and dates.

Cited in Diet, as

Smith, Rev. Sydney (div, and essayist;

1771-1845), .... S. Smith or Sydney Smith. Smith, Sir Thos. (Sec of State; 1514

1577) Sir T. Smith.

Smith, Will. (Dean of Ches.; 1711-1787), Dean Smith. Smith, Wm.. LL.D. [Class. Diets.), . Dr. W.Smith. Smith, Will. Robertson (bib. critic),

Prof. W. R. Smith. Smollett, Tobias (novelist; 1721-1771),, Smollett. Smyth, Admiral W. H. [Sailer's Wordbook; 1788-1865) Admiral Smyth.

Somerville, William (poet; 1677-1743), . SomcrvilU.

Song of Solomon Cant.

South, Robt.. D.D. (divine; 1633-1716). South. Southern, Thos. (dramatist; 1660-1746), Southern.

Southey, Robt. (1774-1843). Seuthey.

Southwell, Robt. (poet, &c; 1560-1595), Southwell. Spalding, John [Troubles in Scot., 1624

1645) Spalding.

Spectator, The (1711-1712) Spectator.

Spelman, Sir Henry (hist.; 1563-1641), , Spelman. Spence, Rev. Joseph (scholar and misc.

writer; 1699-1768) Jos. Spence.

Spencer, Herbert (philosophical writer), H. Spencer. Spencer, John, D.D. (bibL critic; 1630

1695) Dr. Spencer.

Spenser, Edmund (poet; 1553-1599), . Spenser. Sprague, Chas. (Amer. poet; 1791-1875), Spragne. Sprague.W. B. (Amer. divine; 1795-1876),

W. B. Sprague. Sprat, Thos. (Bp. of Roch.; 1636-1713),

Sprat or Bp. Sprat. Spring, Gardiner, D.D., LL.D. (Amer.

div.; 1785-1873), Dr. G. Spring.

Stackhouse. Thos. (divine; 1680-1752), Stackhouse. Stafford. Anthony (relig. works, 1604-1635), Stafford. Stainer. J., M.A.. Mus.Doc \ [Diet. Mus. 1 Stainer cV Barrett, W. A., Mus.Bac. / Terms), ) Barrett. Stanhope, Lady Hester (travels; 1776

1839), Lady Stanhope.

Stanhope, Philip Henry, Earl (hist; 1805

1875) LA. Stanhope.

Stanihurst, Rich, (hist,poet; 1545-1618), Stanihurst. Stanley, Arthur Penrhyn, D.D. (hist;

1815-1881) Dean Stanley.

Stanley, Henry M. (African trav.), . H. M. Stanley. Stansbury, H. [Description of Utah;

1806-1863) Howard Stansbury.

Stapleton, Thos. (antiq.; 1806-1850), . Stapleton. Statistical Account of Scotland (1791-99),

Stat. Account, Scotland. Steele, Sir Richard (essayist; 1671-1739), Steele. Steevens, George (Shak. comment; 1736

1800) Steevens.

Stephen, Henry John (Jurist; 1787-1864). Serjt. Stephen. Stephen, Sir James (essays, Stc; 1789

1859) Siry. Stephen.

Stephen, Leslie (critic and essayist), Leslie Stephen. Sterling. John (essayist; 1806-1844),. ■ Sterling. Sterne, Rev. Laurence {Tristram Shandy;

1713-1768) Sterne.

Sternhold. Thos. (psalmist; d. 1549). ■ Stemhold, Stewart, Dugnld (metaph.; 1753-1828), D. Stewart. Still, Bp. John (Comedy of Gammer

Gurtons Needle; 15430-1608), . . . Bp. Still. Slillingfleet. Edwd., D.D. (Bp.of Wor.;

1635-1699) Stillingfleet.

Stirling, Jas. Hutchinson, LL.D. (philosopher) y.Hutchinson Stirling.

Stocqueler. J. H. (milit writer), . . . Stocqueler. Stoddart, Sir John (Journalist, &c.j 1773

1856) Sir y. Stoddart.

Stonnonth, Rev. Jas. {Eng. Diet.; 1825

1882) Stormonth.

Story. Joseph, LL.D. (Amer. Jurist;

1779-1845), Sfiuy

Stow, John (antiq.; 1525-1605), . . . Stow.
Stowell, Sir Wm. Scott, Lord (Judge;

1745-1836) Lord StowtU.

Strangford, Percy, Viscount (philol.,

Stc; 1825-1869) Lord Strangford.

Strickland, Agnes (hist; 1796-1874), Miss Strickland. Strutt, Joseph (antiq.; 1742-1803), . . Strutt. Strype. John (eccles. biog., Stc; 1643-1737), Strype. Stuart. Moses (Amer. philol.; 1780-1852), Mos. Stuart. Stuart. Robt. {Diet, of Arch., 1830). . . R. Stuart. Stubbes, Philip (moral writer; Anat. of

Abuses, 1583) Stubbes.

Stukeley. Wm. (antiq.; 1687-1765). • • Stukeley. Suckling, Sir John (poet; 1609-1642), . Suckling. Sully. James, M.A. (psycho!.), . . yames Sully. Surrey. Henry Howard, Earl of (poet;

1516-1547). Surrey.

Swan, John {Speculum Mundi, 1635), . Swan.

Swift, Jonathan (1667-1745) Swift.

Swift, Zephantah (Amer. jurist; 1759-1833). Z. Swift. Swinburne, Algernon Charles (poet), . Swinburne. Swinburne, Henry (traveller; d. 1803), H.Swinburne. Sydney, Sir Henry (statesman; d. 1586), Sir H. Sidney. Sydney. Sir Philip (poetic; 1554-1586). Sir P.Sidney. Sylvester, Sir Joshua (translator; 1563

1618), . . . Sylvester; or Sylvester, Du Bartms.

Talfourd, Sir Thomas Noon (poet. Sec;

1795-1854) Talfourd.

Tannahill. Robt (Scotch poet; 1774-1810), Tannakill. Tate. Nahum (poet; 1657-1715), , . . Tate.

Cited in Names in full and dates. Diet as

Taylor, Bayard (poet and trans.; 1825

1878) Bayard Taylor.

Taylor, Sir Henry (dramatist), . . Sir H.Taylor. Taylor, Isaac (phtlos.; 1787-1865), . . Is. Taylor. Taylor, Rev. Isaac {Words and Places,

Stc.) Isaac Taylor.

Taylor, Jeremy (Bp. of Dromore; 1613

1667) yer. Taylor.

Taylor, John (' water poet;' 1580-1654). yokn Taylor. Taylor, John, D.D. (Unitarian writer;

1694-1761) Dr. yokn Taylor.

Taylor, William, of Norwich {Englisk

Synonyms, Sec; 1765-1836) W. Taylor.

Temple, Sir W. (statesman; 1628

1699) Sir W. Temple or Temple.

Tennant, Win., LL.D. (poet and linguist;

1784-1848) Tennant.

Tcnnent, Sir J. E. [Ceylon; 1804-1869),

Sir y. E. Tennent.

Tennyson, Alfred Tennyson.

Teonge, Henry [Diary, 1675-1679), . Henry Teonge. Terry, Edward (traveller; d. 1660), . . E. Terry. Thackeray, Wm. Makepeace (novelist;

1811-1863) Tkackeray.

Thirl wall, Connop (hist.; 1797-1875), Bp. Thirlwalt. Thomas, Lord Cromwell, Old play.

Thorn. Lord Cromwell, Thomson, Sir C. Wyville (naturalist;

1830-1883) Sir Wyville Thomson.

Thomson, James (poet; 1700-1748), . . Thomson. Thomson, Mowbray [Story of Cawn

pore, 1859) Capt. M. Thomson.

Thomson, Wm.,D.D. (Abp. of York). Abp.Thomson. Thomson, Sir William (physicist and

mathematician) Sir W. Thomson.

Thorold, Rev. Ant W. (divine), . . A. W. Thorotd. Thorpe, BenJ. (Ang.-Sax. scholar; 1808-1870), Thorpe. Thorpe, Thomas B. (Amer. artist and

journalist) T. B. Thorpe.

Thurlow, Edw. (Lord-chan.; 1732-1806), Ld. Thurlow. Thynn, Fran, (antiq.; 1545-1608), . . . Fr. Thynn. Tickell. Thomas (poet; 1686-1740), . . Ticketl. Tillotson, John, D.D. (Abp. of Cant;

1630-1694) Tillotson.

Todd, Heury John (Ed. of yehnson's

Diet.; 1763-1845), Todd.

Todhunter, Isaac (math.) Todhunter.

Toilet, Geo. [Notes on Shakspere; d. 1779), Toilet. Toinlins, Har. N. (law; works 1816-1819), Tomtins. Tomlinson, Chas. (physicist), . . . C, Tomtinsen. Tooke, John Home (philol.; 1736

1812) Home Tooke.

Tooke, Wm. [Hist, of Russia; 1744-1820), Tooke. Tooker, Wm. (Canon of Exeter; d, 1620), Canon Tooker. Topsell, Edw. (naturalist; works 1599-1608), Topsett. Tourneur, Cyril (dramatist; works 1605

1613), Tourneur.

Trapp. Joseph, D.D. (poet; 1679-1747), Trapp. Treasury of Botany, Maunders, . . Treas. ofBot. Do. Natural History, do. Treas. of Nat.Hist. Trench, R. Chenevix (Abp. of Dublin),

Abp. Trenck or Trench.

Trollope, Anthony (novelist) Trollope.

Trollope, Frances (novelist; 1790-1863), Mrs. Trollope. Trollope, Thos. A. (novelist, Stc), . T. A. Trollope. Trumbull, BenJ., D.D. (Amer. hist.;

1735-1830), B. Trumbull.

Trumbull, John, LL.D. (Amer. lawyer;

1750-1831), 5*M<r* Trumbull.

Tucker, Abraham (philos.; 1705-1774), Abr. Tucker. Tucker.Josiah.D.D. (theol.and politics;

1711-1799) Dean Tucker.

Tutloch, John, D.D. (Prof, of Divinity), Dr. Tulloch. Tunstall, Cuth., Bp. (U74-I559). • ■ Bp. Tuustall. Turberville, Geo. (poet; 1530-1600), , . TurbervilU. Turnbull, Rich, (divine; works 1591

1606) Rick. Turnbull.

Turner, Sharon (hist; 1768-184;). . . S. Turner. Tusser. Thos. (bucolic poetry; 1515-1580), Tusstr, Twain, Mark (humorist). . . . . S. L. Clemens. Twining, Thos. (trans, of Aristotle, 1789), Twining. Twisden, Sir Roger (antiq.; 1597-1673),

Sir R. Twisden. Tylor, Edw. B. (archxol. and ethnol),. E. B. Tylor. Tyndale, WUL (reformer; 1480-1536), . Tyndale. Tyndall, John, LL.D. (physicist), . Prof. TyndalL Tyng. Dudley Atkins (Amer. divine; 1835

1858) Dr. Tyng.

Tyrwhitt, Thos. (Ed. of Chaucer, Stc;

1730-1786) Tyrwhitt.

Tytler. Sarah (novelist; pseud, for Henrietta A'eddie), S. Tytler.

Udall, John (divine; d. 159-'). ■ - 7- Udall ot Udal. Udall, Nich. (comedy of Ralph Renter

Doister; 1506-1564) Udall.

Ure, Andw., M.D. {Diet, of Arts, Ax.;

1778-1857) Ure.

Urquhart, Sir T. (trans, of Rabelais; d.

1660!) Urquhart,

Ussher, Jas., D.D. (divine and hist;

1580-1656) Abp. Ussher.

Valentine, Thos. [Sermons, 1642-1647), Valentine. Vanbrugh, Sir John (dramatist; 1666

1726) Sir y. Vanbrugh.

Vaugban, Henry {Sacred Poems, Stc;

AUTHORS QUOTED.

Cited in Names in full and dates. Diet, as

Vaughan, Rice {Coin and Coinage,

1675), Rice Vaughan.

Wears, John (divine; 1583-1653). . . Vicars, Vincent, Will., D.D. (Dean of Westminster; 1739-1815) Dean Vincent.

Vjves, John Louis (theol.. Sic; 1499-1540), Lues.

Wake, Wm . D.D. (Abp. of Canter.;

1657-1736) Abp. Wake.

Wakeneld, Gilbert (theoL; 1756-1801), . Wakefield. Walker, John (lexicog.; 17311-1807), . . Walker. Wallace, Alfred Russell (biologist and

trav.J, A. R. Wallace.

Wallace, Rob., D.D. (Prof, of Church

Hist.. Journalist) Dr. Wallace.

W*aller, Edmund (poet; 1605-1687), . . Waller.
Wallis, John (math., &c; 1616-1703), . Wallis.
Walpole, Horace (Earl of Orford; 1717-

1797), H. Walpole or Walpole.

Walpole, Sir Robert (statesman; 1676

1745) SirR. Walpole.

Walsall, Sam. {Sermons, 1615), . . . Walsall.
Walsh. J. H. (DomesticEconomy, Sec). J. H. Walsh.
Walsh. Robt.. LLD. (chaplain at Con-
stantinople; wrote 1830-1840), . . . R. Walsh.
Walsh, Wm. (poet; 1663-1707), . . . Walsh.
Walton, Izaak (Complete Angler; 1593-

1683), I*. Walton.

Wandesforde, Chris., Viscount Castlecomer (statesman; 1592-1640), . . Wandesforde. Warburton. Eliot B. G. (Travels, Sec;

1810-1853) Eliot Warburton.

Warburton, Wm.. D.D. (Bp. of Glouc;

r6o£-1779) Warburton.

Ward. R. P. (Law 0/Nations; 1765-1846), R. Ward. Ward, Sam. (divine; 1577-1639), . . . S. Ward. Ward. Seth, D.D. (Bp. of Salisbury;

1617-1689), Bp. Ward.

Ward, Thomas (anti-Protestant writer;

1653-1708). T. Ward.

Warner. Will, (poet; 1558-1609), . . . Warner. Warren, Samuel (novelist. Sec; 1807-1877). Warren. Warton. Joseph (poet; 1739-1800), . . jf. Warton. Warton, Thos. (poet; 1728-1790), . . . T. Warton. Washington, George (Pres. U.S.; 1732

1799), Washington.

W aterhouse, Edwd. (heraldry; 1619-1670), Waterhouse. Waterland, Daniel, D.D. (divine; 1683

1740L Waterland.

Watson, Robert, LL.D. (hist.; 1730

1781), Dr. R. Watson.

Watson, Thos., D.D. (Bp. of Line; d.

1582 \, Bp. Watson.

Watson, Sir Thos.. M.D-, .... Sir T. Watson. Watson, WiiL {Call to Repent, 1691), . W.Watson. Watts, Henry (Diet. o/Chem.), Watts' Diet, of Chem, Watts, Isaac, D.D, (poet and moralist;

1674-1748). Watts.

Weale. John (Diet, of Terms, 1873).. . Weale.
Webbe. Wm. (Discourse of English

Poctrw; d. after 1591) W. Webbe.

Webster, Daniel (Amer. statesman; 1782

1853) D. Webster.

Webster, John (dramatist; 1585T-1654?), Webster. Webster. Noah (lexicog.; 1758-1843). . N. Webster. Wedgwood. Hcnsleigh (philol.), , . , Wedgwood. Weever, John (antiq.; 1576-1633), . . Weever.

Cited in Names in full and dates. Diet, as

West, Gilbert, LL.D. (poet and religious

writer; 1700T-1756) West.

Westfield, Thos.. D.D. (divine; d. x6A4,),Dr.Westfietd.

Westminster Review West. Rev.

Wharton, Henry (eccles. antiq.; 1664

1694) H. Wharton.

Wharton, J. J. S. (Lam Lexicon),. . . Wharton. Whately. Rich., D.D. (Abp. of Dub.;

1787-1863) Whately.

Whately, Wm. (divine; 1583-1639). . . W. Whately. Wheatley, Chas. (divine; 1686-1742), . WheatUy. Wheatstone, Sir Chas. (physicist; 1803

1875) Wheatstone.

Whewell, Wilt, (scientist and philos.;

1795-1866), Whewell.

Whichcote, BenJ., D.D. (moral writer;

1610-1683), Whichcote.

Whiston, WilL {theol., trans, of Joscfihus;

1667-1753), . . . Whiston.

Whitaker, Tobias, M.D. (works 1638

1663) Tob. Whitaker.

Whitby. Daniel (theol.; 1638-1726), . . Whitby.
White, Rev. Gilbert (of Selborne; 1720-

1793) Gilbert White.

White, John, M.P. (pot.writer; 1590-1644), John White. White, Rich. Grant (Words and their

Uses, Sic,) R.G. White.

Whitehead, Will, (poet; 1715-1788),. //'. Whitehead. Whitgift, John, D.D. (Abp. of Cant.;

1530-1603), WhUgift.

Whiting, Nicholas (Hist, of Albino and

Betlama. 1637) Whiting.

Whitlock, Bulstrode (statesman; 1605

1676), Whitlock.

Whitney, Wm. Dwight (philot.), . . . Whitney. Whittier. J. Greenleaf (Amer. poet), . Whittier. Wickliffe, John (reformer; 1324-1415). . Wickliffe. Wilbour, Chas. Edwin (Amer. writer), C.E. Wilbour. Wilkes, John (polit.; 1727-1797), . . . Wilkes. Wilkins, John, D.D. (Bp. of Ches.; 1614

1672) Bp. Wilkins.

Wilkinson, Jas. John Garth. M.D. (trans.

of Swedenborg). j.J.G. Wilkinson.

Willet, Andrew, D.D. (biblical sch.; 1562

1621) Willet.

Williams, Sir Chas. Hanbury (political

squibs. Sic; 1709-1759), . . . Sir C. H. Williams. Williams, Helen Maria (poems. Sic;

1762-1837) H.M. Williams.

Williams, Prof. Monier (Sanskrit sch).

Prof. M. Williams. Williams, Sir Roger (milit, writer; d. 1596).

Sir R. Williams. Williamson, Capt. Thos. (Oriental Sports,

1807), Capt. Williamson.

Willis, Nath. Parker (Amer. poet, Sec;

1807-1867), N.P. Willis.

Willmott, Robt. Aris (tniscet. writer;

1809-1863! Willmott.

Willoughby,Fra. (naturalist; 1635-1672), Wiltotighby. Wilson, Arthur (dramas. Sec; 1596-1652),

Arth. Wilson. Wilson. Daniel, D.D. (Bp. of Calcutta;

1778-1858) Bp. Wilsofi.

Wilson, Daniel, LL.D. (archxol.),. . Dr. Wilson. Wilson, Prof. George (chemist and phy

siol.; 1818-1859) Prof. G. Wilson.

Cited in Names in full and dates. Diet, as

Wilson, John (Christopher North; 1785

1854) Prof. Wilson.

Wilson, Jno. Leighton (Africanmission.), J.L.Witson. Winslow, Forbes II., M.D. (1810-1874).

Dr. p'orbes Winslow. Winwood, Sir Ralph (Affairs of State;

1564-1617) SirR. Winwood,

Wirt, Wm. (Amer. lawyer; 1773-1834), Wirt.
Wiseman, Nicholas (cardinal; 1802-1865),

Cardinal Wiseman. Wiseman, Rich, (surg.; works 1672-1686), Wiseman.

Withals, Jno. (Diet., 1568) Withals.

Wither, George (poet; 1588-1667), . . Wither. Wodhul, Michael (poet; 1740-1816),. . Wodhul. Wodroephe, John (gram.; works 1623), Wodroephe. Wodrow, Robt. (eccles. hist.; 1679-1734), Wodrow. Wolcot, John (Peter Pindar; 1738-1819). Dr. Wolcot. Wolfe, Charles ('Burial of Moore;'

1791-1823) Wolfe.

Wollaston, T. Vernon (naturalist), T. V. Wollaston. Wollaston. Wm. (theol.,&c; 1659-1734), W. Wollaston, Wolsey, Thos., Cardinal (1471-1530), . Wolsey. Wood, Anthony a (antiq.; 1632-1695), . Wood. Wood, Mrs. Henry (novelist), . . . Mrs. H. Wood.

Wood. Rev. J. G. (naturalist) J.G. Wood.

Wood, Shakspeare (Guide to Arte, and

Mod. Rome, 1875) Shakspeare Wood.

Woodward, Chas, F.R.S. (Study of Po

larimed Light, 1848) C. Woodward.

Woodward, John, M.D. (naturalist; 1665

1728) Woodward.

Woolton, Jno., D.D. (Bp. of Ex.; 1535

1593) Bp. Woolton.

Worcester, Jos. Emerson (lexicog.; 1784

1B65) Worcester.

Worcester, Marquis of (Century of In-
ventions; 1601-1667), . . Marquis of Worcester.
Wordsworth, Wm. (1770-1850), . . .Wordsworth.
Wotton, Sir Henry (poet, Ac; 1568-1639), Wotton.
Wotton, Sir H. (Remains and Life),

Reliquia Wottoniana. Wotton, Wm. D.D. (1666-1726), . .Dr. W. Wotton. Wrangham, Francis (scholar and misc.

writer; 1770-1843) Wrangham.

Wren. Mat., D.D. (Bp. of Her.; 1585-1667), Bp. Wren. Wright, Thos. (lexicog. and antiq.; 1810

1877) Wright.

Wyatt. Sir Thos. (poet; 1503-1542), . . Wyatt. Wyche.Sir Peter (trans.; wrote i664-i669),5i'ry.»>rAY. Wycherley, William (dramatist; 1640

1715) Wycherley.

Yarrell, Witt, (naturalist; 1784-1856). . Yarrelt. Yetverton.Sir Henry (law; 1566-1630), SirH. Yelvertan. Yonge. Chas. Duke (Eng. hist.), . . . Prcf Yonge.

Yorkshire Glossary, 1855 Yorks. Gloss.

Youatt, Will. (vet. surg.; 1777-1847), . Youatt.
Young, Arthur (writer on agriculture;

1741-1820), Arthur Young.

Young. Arthur, D.D. (divine; d. 1759). Dr. A. Young. Young, Arthur (NauticalDictionary, 1863), A. Young. Young, Sir Chas. Geo.. D.C.L. (herald.;

1795-1869) SirC. Young,

Young, Edwd. (poet; 1684-1765), . . . Young.
Young. John, M.D. (Prof. Nat. Hist.,

Glas. Univ.), Prof. Young.

Yule,Col. Henry (orientalist and geog.), H. Yule.

EXPLANATIONS

REGARDING PRONUNCIATION AND CHEMICAL SYMBOLS.

PRONUNCIATION.

In showing the pronunciation the simplest and most easily understood method has been adopted, that of re-writing the word in a different form. In doing so the same letter or combination of letters is made use of for the same sound, no matter by what letter or letters the sound may be expressed in the principal word. The hey by this means is greatly simplified, the reader having only to bear in mind one mark for each sound.

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Accent.—Words consisting of more than one syllable receive an accent, as the first syllable of the word labour, the second of delay, and the third of comprehension. The accented syllable is the most prominent part of the word, being made so by means of the accent. In this dictionary it is denoted by the mark '. This mark, called an accent, is placed above and beyond the syllable which receives the accent, as in the words la'bour, delay', and comprehension.

Many polysyllabic words are pronounced with two accents, the primary and the secondary accent, as the word excommunication, in which the third, as well as the fifth syllable is commonly accented. The accent on the fifth syllable is the primary, true, or tonic accent, while that on the third is a mere euphonic accent, and consists of a slight resting on the syllable to prevent indistinctness in the utterance of Bo many unaccented syllables. Where both accents are marked in a word, the primary accent is thus marked ", and the secondary, or inferior one, by this mark ', as in the word excommu'nica"tion.

CHEMICAL ELEMENTS AND SYMBOLS.

By means of chemical symbols, or formulas, the composition of the most complicated substances can be very easily expressed, and that, too, in a very small compass. An abbreviated expression of this kind often gives, in a single line, more information as to details than could be given in many lines of letterpress.

Elements. Symbols.

Aluminium Al

Antimony (Stibium), . . . Sb

Arsenic As

Barium, Ba

Bismuth Bi

Boron, B

Bromine Br

Cadmium Cd

Cicsium Cs

Calcium Ca

Carbon C

Cerium Ce

Chlorine CI

Chromium Cr

Cobalt, Co

Copper (Cuprum), . . . . Cu

Didymium D

Erbium £

Fluorine F

Gallium Ga

Glucinium G

Gold (Aurmn) Au

Hydrogen H

Indium In

Iodine I

Iridium Ir

Iron (Ferntm), Fe

Lanthanium La

Lead (Plumbum) Pb

Lithium L

Magnesium, Mg

Manganese Mn

Elements. Symbols.

Mercury (Hydrargyrum), . Hg

Molybdenum Mo

Nickel, Ni

Niobium Nb

Nitrogen N

Osmium Os

Oxygen O

Palladium Pd

Phosphorus, P

Platinum Pt

Potassium (Kalium). . . K

Rhodium R

Rubidium, Kb

Ruthenium Rn

Selenium So

Silicon, Si

Silver (Argentum), . . . Ag
Sodium (Natrium), . . . Na

Strontium, Sr

Sulphur 8

Tantalum Ta

Telluriun Te

Thallium Tl

Thorium, Th

Tin (Stannum) Sn

Titanium Ti

Tungsten (Wolfram), . . W

Uranium, V

Vanadium, V

Yttrium Y

Zinc Zn

Zirconium Zr

When any of the above symbols stands by itself it indicates one atom of the element it represents. Thus, H stands for one atom of hydrogen, 0 for one atom of oxygen, and CI for one atom of chlorine. (See Atom, and Atomic theory under Atomic, in Dictionary.) ,

When a symbol has a small figure or number underwritten, and to the right of it, such figure or number indicates the number of atoms of the element. Thus—Oj signifies two atoms of oxygen, Sj five atoms of sulphur, and Cio ten atoms of carbon.

When two or more elements are united to form a chemical compound, their symbols are written one after the other, to indicate the compound. Thus—H20 means water, a compound of two atoms of hydrogen and one of oxygen; C.nH^Ou indicates cane-sugar, a compound of twelve atoms of carbon, twenty-two of hydrogen, and eleven of oxygen.

These two expressions as they stand denote respectively a molecule of the substance they represent, that is, the smallest possible quantity of it capable of existing in the free state. To express several molecules a large figure is prefixed, thus: 2HjO represents two molecules of water, ^cishjjoii) four molecules of cane-sugar.

When a compound is formed of two or more compounds the symbolical expressions for the compound are usually connected together by a comma; thus, the crystallized magnesic sulphate is MgSO,, 7 H30. The symbols may also be used to express the changes which occur during chemical action, and they are then written in the form of an equation, of which one side represents the substances as they exist before the change, the other the result of the reaction. Thus, 2h2 + Oj = 2hjo expresses the fact that two molecules of hydrogen, each containing two atoms, and one of oxygen, also containing two atoms, combine to give two molecules of water, each of them containing two atoms of hydrOgen and one of oxygen.

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