« AnteriorContinuar »
He sailed on the 3d of July that year.
kind of astonishment at the presence Great secrecy was observed as to the of the ship. They saw in her arrival destination of the expedition, and the the fulfillment of a prophecy which tramen were shipped as for the East In dition had handed down from the days dies. Off Brazil the real objects of the of Maiu, one of their sages, who told voyage were announced, and since the
them that "in future ages a vaa amc announcement was coupled with the ore, a vast outriggerless canoe," would allowance of double pay, the crews come from a distant land to their shores. joyfully consented to their disappoint- Most of our readers having seen models ment. Byron returned after an absence of the boats used by the South Sea of two years, having added to the pre islanders, will perceive the force of vious discoveries of his nation those of this phraseology. Their canoes aro the islands of King George, Prince of provided with a slight bar parallel with Wales, Disappointment, Duke of York, the gunwale, and fastened to it by and Danger-a queer and perhaps not several cross-pieces at right angles impertinent concatenation of names. with either, which prevents the boat This was about all the ships accom from oversetting to the one side from plished, but this was effected with no its weight, and to the other from its inconsiderable suffering or hardship. buoyancy. All their boats are proIn the latitude of about 14° S. and vided with this. The vessel of the longitude about 150° W., while at a stranger that had now come to them, small island which he named Prince of vast in size, and not provided with this Wales, the commander was led to be familiar.appendage, answered to the lieve, from the ceasing of the heavy letter of their tradition, and in their swell from the south, and from other simple breasts the awe that distilled circumstances, that land of considerable from this answer in distant time to the extent lay in that direction. The weak remembered voice of the past, blended and sickly state of his crew prevented with their wonder at the huge proporhim from sailing thither, and thus he tions of the stranger. Their amazelost the honor of the discovery of Ta- ment, however, soon gave way to curihiti, chief of the Society Islands, which osity, and it was not long before they was left for the happier fortune of Wal ventured on board and were treated to lis, who sailed but a few months after gifts of trinkets and nails. Searching the return of Byron, in the same vessel, for anchorage ground on the afternoon the Dolphin.
of the day of their arrival, the ship enThis vessel, on her new voyage, was tered a large bay, and while the boats accompanied by the Swallow, under the were out sounding ahead, a large numcommand of Capt. Philip Carteret, and ber of canoes came around the vessel. a storeship. Sailing from Plymouth on Capt. Wallis, fearing that their numthe 27th of August, 1766, the vessels bers boded hostility, fired a ninereached the western mouth of the Straits pounder over their heads. They were of Magellan on the 11th of April the not greatly terrified at the explosion, next year, and on that very day, "cold, and thereupon started to cut off the gloomy, and tempestuous," their first boats, attacking their crews with stones on the South Sea, the vessels separated, and wounding several. The Indian and never again met till they reached who led the attack was fired upon with England. Capt. Wallis held a north a musket, and the shot taking effect in westerly course, and, discovering vari- his shoulder, his fellows in the canoe ous small islands on his way, on the no sooner perceived the wound than 17th of June, 1767, beheld at the dis they leaped into the sea, while the tance of five leagues a range of lofty other canoes paddled away in dismay. land. In a thick fog the next morning Nor was the ac ence of the islandthey were close under it.
ers and the strangers fairly initiated rolled away, and they saw before them till after several such scenes. The the grand mountains, the fair rivers, ship on one of these occasions was the beautiful cascades, and the green surrounded by a vast number of canoes, valleys of Tahiti. Hardly had they filled with their primitive ammunition cast anchor before their ship was sur round pebble-stones, and an attack rounded by numerous canoes, filled really formidable commenced, which with islanders, who sat in groups lively was with some difficulty repelled. At with talk, and in turn evincing every length a traffic was established with
the islanders. Then, as on all occa man, in 1755, at a time when there was sions before or since, articles of iron active impressment going on on the were preferred by the South Sea peo river Thames. The vessel on board of ple to every other commodity.
which he shipped was the Eagle, the Thus in blood began the connection of command which not long after fell to Sir the civilized world with the barbarisin Hugh Palliser, who, discerning the yolof the South Seas. The French navi unteer's superior seamanship, had him gator, De Bourgainville, whose vessels rated as quarter-master. Sir Hugh were at sea at the same time with those never ceased to exbibit his interest in of Carteret and Wallis, came to Tahiti Cook, and it was to his recommendation about ten months after Wallis, on the that the Admiralty gave him the com2d of April, 1768. His experience mand of the Endeavor, at the period there was much the same as that of the we have indicated. Fortune favoring English captain. There was the diligence, and industry, and capabloodshed on Bourgainville's visit. Taio, city of the young marine, helping one mate! was the exclamation of the natives: who was determined to help himself, Friend ! Kill! You call us friends yet offered to him about 1758 the warrant you kill us. This expression, which in as master of the Mercury frigate, which the mouths of the islanders is so eloquent was soon ordered to join the expedition and touching in its reproach, may be but before Quebec, the same that was folthe laconic subtle advocacy of Tahitan lowed by the renowned engagement of historians. In spite of the fairly written Wolfe and Montcalm. Accurate soundaccounts of those eighteenth century ings of the St. Lawrence were obtained, Foyagers, it will rather be believed on through the skill and courage of Cook, the whole, that the strangers were a
who was entrusted with this difficult and little too free in the use of powder and dangerous service, on the recommendashot. They had reached a quarter of tion of Capt. Palliser. Soon afterwards the globe where these things produced he made a survey of the whole river below a sensation, and they seem to have been Quebec, which was published by order of willing enough to show off. Bourgain- the Admiralty, and highly praised for its ville, on his departure, took one of the fullness and accuracy. In 1759, Lord islanders, Aotowrou, to Paris, where he Colville selected him as master of his was in his time a lion.
own ship, the Northumberland. Cook The passage of the planet Venus employed that winter off Halifax, in reacross the sun occurred on the 3d day moving the difficulties to which his of June, 1769. The Royal Society defective education had subjected him. were anxious to obtain observations of Capt. King relates that it was here, the transit from a point between the as he heard from Cook himself, that, longitudes 140° and 180° W. from during a hard winter, he first read Greenwich. To secure this result in Euclid and applied himself to the study the then condition of the funds of the of mathematics and astronomy, without Society, they applied to the Admiralty any other assistance than what a few for aid, and were readily proffered the books and his own industry afforded use of one of his majesty's vessels. It him. From 1763 to 1767 he was emwas due to the zeal of Mr. (afterwards ployed on the Newfoundland station, Sir Joseph) Banks, that in 1768 the where he won the highest approbation, Endeavor frigate was placed under the by the zeal and accuracy with which he command of James Cook, then in his performed various marine and topografortieth year, and a lieutenant by com- phical surveys of the coast and country, mission, dated on the 25th of May, The Endeavor sailed from Plymouth of that year. Cook began his life on on the 20th of August, with the scienthe water, as apprentice to two worthy tịfic gentleman on board. They reached Quakers, John and Henry Walker, Rio de Janiero on the 13th of Novemowners of two vessels engaged in the ber, but the jealousy of the Portuguese coal trade. His conduct won him the governor imposed restrictions even upon approbation of his employers, and they the procuring of necessary refreshmade him mate of one of their vessels. ments. That functionary's notion of He seems to have remained in the coast the object of the voyage is said to have ing business, at least two years, since been, that it was to see the passing of we find him in his twenty-seventh year the North Star through the South Pole."! going into the navy as a volunteer sea The paternity of this piece of astronomy,
however, probably belongs_to some ration had been effected by the most adwaggish subaltern of the Endeavor, roit chevaliers d'industrie of the European though in the histories of the expedi- capitals. A chief, however, succeeded tion the governor is very gravely made in recovering them. Capt. Cook's name to stand godfather to it.
was rendered by the islanders Toote ; In January, 1769, they were at Terra Solander they called Torano, Banks. del Fuego. The effect of the cold of Tapanee; with so little accuracy could that region on a party who went on shore the rough consonants of our words be to view the country, frequently advert achieved by any one accustomed to ed to in the scientific books, has been the soft, flowing vowels of the Tahitan too often related at length to be re tongue; Molineaux they gave up in peated here. Dr. Solander, a Swede, absolute despair, and called the master who was one of the party, knowing Boba, from his Christian name of from his experience in the mountains of Robert. his native land the effect of fatigue and The observation of the phenomenon, extreme cold in producing an irresistible which was the object of the expedition, desire for sleep, earnestly entreated his was favored with a cloudless day, and companions to keep in motion, however these operations were entirely success. much the effort opposed their inclination. ful. Thirty different parties, compris“Whoever sits down,” said he, “ will ing the greatest philosophers of the sleep, and whoever sleeps will wake no time, stationed at points from Lapland, more."
The Doctor was the first one to the north cape, and Hudson Bay in be affected in the manner of which he the North, Quebec, Maryland, Norriton, warned his companions, and, in spite of in Pennsylvania, California, on this their expostulations, actually stretched continent, Batavia and Dinapoor, in the himself upon the snow. One of the East, were engaged in the same work, black servants also lagged behind. The on the same day. In the grand result, rest of the party dragged them to the which was the determination of the edge of the wood in which they were, sun's parallax, ascertained to be 8' 6", when they both declared they could go the observations differed less than the no further. The poor negro, when he quarter part of a second; and it was was told that he must be frozen to death found that the mean distance of the if he persisted, said " he desired nothing great fountain of light is 95,158,440 but to lie down and die," and the natu miles, as fixed by Professor Bessel, ralist said he was willing to go on, " but from a recombination and recomputathat he first must first take some sleep.” tion of the elements then developed.
The two blacks of the party were dead Some of the observations, as might be in the morning. Dr. Solander was expected, vary the sun's distance a few aroused when he had slept no longer than thousand miles; but as the variance is five minutes, and even in that short in no affair of masters of clipper-ships or terval the muscles of his feet so contract railroad contractors, the world will not ed that his shoes fell off.
quarrel about it. On the 22d day of January they passed After the observation of the transit, Cape Horn, and making various islands Capt. Cook and Mr. Banks set out on on the way, anchored in Matavai Bay, the 26th of June, on a circumnavigation Tahiti, on the 13th of March. The of the island, which they completed on ship was immediately surrounded by 1st of July. Its circumference they the canoes of the natives, who brought estimated to be ninety miles. On the their fish and fruits to exchange for 13th of July, they bade farewell to their trinkets.
new-found and numerous acquaintances, Cook immediately went on shore with and the ship resumed her west and some gentlemen of the expedition. He northerly course. Tapia, a priest, who was met by the natives with every de bad been first minister to the queen monstration of submission. One of them Oberea, came on board with a young lad approached crouching, and presented a as his servant, and requested to sail green branch as an emblem of peace. with them. Nothing could have pleased
They mixed freely with the natives, the voyagers more. It was about the much to their satisfaction, till they dis hour of noon, when the visitors on board covered that their snuff-boxes, opera took their departure ; and, as the acglasses, etc., had been extracted from count has it, they “wept with a decent their pockets, as skillfully as if the ope and silent sorrow.” The people in the
canoes alongside, not so decorous in (stone hatchets).” The voyagers detheir manifestations of feeling, indulged clined the civility. Cook took formal in loud lamentations, which the same possession of the island, however, narrator "considered as affectation carving upon a tree the date of his rather than grief.” Such, perhaps, visit, and set sail thence northward on they may have been. Still it was a very the 15th of November, 1769. pleasant thing for the islanders to pad Lieut. Cook anchored in the Downs dle alongside Capt. Cook's vessel of on the 12th of June, 1771. It is needa morning, to carry on board, in ex less to recapitulate the incidents of his change for European trinkets, stores of voyage, and the places he visited. His fish, which the genial ocean around conduct of the voyage won him the offered to their simple art, the fruits most general approbation, and he was which they plucked at will in the or immediately promoted to the rank of chard which nature gave them, and the commander. In the accounts of this little pigs that fed themselves into such expedition we find mention made of delicious roasters among the pleasant sealed vessels of the expressed essences groves on the pleasant slopes of their of various vegetables, prepared at the island. Tapia is said to have shown instance of Cook as a preventive of great firmness, but, in spite of his efforts scurvy, to which end it was entirely to hold them back, the big tears rolled successful. down bis cheeks. He climbed to the The Sandwich Islands, now masthead and clung there while the last familiar to our commerce, were disglimpse of land was visible. For the covered on a subsequent voyage of last time he looked upon his native Cook in 1778. Of this attractive group, earth, and that love of country which the so many are the points of interest ingood God gives us all was swelling his viting discussion, that we must adopt
Cook sailed to New the easier course, and decline to preZealand, where Tapia made himself un sent any, rather than to select what derstood in the Tahitan tongue. The might be deemed the most interesting. islanders met the protestations of the We may be permitted to state, however, strangers with fair promises ; still Ta in reference to a transaction happening pia warned his friends that he saw' the we think in 1852, what we know upon indications of hostile purpose, and the authority next to that of the parties cautioned them to be careful how they themselves—two of whom, the then went into the proffered traffic for pro- king of the Islands and the then leader visions and water. Going on shore, they of our administration having been remet the islanders, who swam to them moved by death, while the plenipotenacross a little river. The savages at- tiary of the former charged with this tempted, probably with views of booty business is now absent from the country rather than hostility, to lay hands upon —that during the term of Mr. Fillmore the weapons of the ship's people, and the Sandwich Islands were offered to one actually ran off with a hanger. At our country for unconditional annexathis the others are represented to have tion. The offer was not accepted; the grown more insolent, whereupon Mr. gentleman entrusted with the matter Banks fired at and wounded, and Mr. by the Hawaian government returned to Markhouse fired at anā killed the robber Honolulu, where he has since remained, as he retreated. Capt. Cook, strenuous and King Kamehameha dying, has been as he was to establish an amicable in succeeded by Prince Liholi ho, whose tercourse with the natives, seems to present policy does not consort with a have failed in this instance. The next renewal of the offer. As we write in day the islanders in a great many the early days of June, with a French canoes, one of which had sixteen pad- fleet in force at San Juan, and a Spandles on a side, and carried sixty men, ish fleet with suspected French motives came around the ship: standing up in at Vera Cruz, England the while in no them, the islanders défied the discover- good humor with us, perhaps it may ers, telling them to come on shore if be thought that we have already ports they dared. Haromai, haromai, harre, enough in the Pacific for such part of uta a paloo-patoo oge! were the words our navy as we can spare to take of the frequently repeated invitation care of. “Come to us ; come on shore and we Our glance at the history of the kill you all with our paloo-patoos Islands of the Pacific has nece
been brief and partial. We can but thousands upon thousands of readers, touch the shores of a few of them. The 50 playing with fact and imagination Bounty's tale, so often told, yet always that a world has admired the cunfresh, we must pass by with but Levitical ning of his pen. In the preface to attention. The many events which his third work he tells us that he wrote cluster about missionary enterprise in fact in the previous two, and all the the Pacific we must not, for want of world took it for fiction, and therefore space, advert to. And, what is most he has been moved to write a third inviting, the considerations connected which shall be fiction, to see if the with the political or international rela- world will take it for fact. Verily, tions in the present or future, of the slight is the difference between good islands of those seas, we must resolutely fiction and well-told fact, especially defer discussing. Many volumes, some when either lies in the atmosphere of of them confessed to be the most at the great western ocean. tractive in the whole range of romance and adventure, have been written in Of the islands of the Pacific and its reference to these seas and islands. waters, no more to-day. Who can tell Perusing the volume whose title we what new daring or suffering shall tocopied at the beginning of this paper, morrow add to their store of adventure ? the reader will dwell with delight on the Access to them by the southwest passtories of the Encantadas, or charmed sage was found by Magellan, who left islands, that lie near the coast of South his life on the voyage. The dreary America. The author of that volume, northwest passage! The bones of Frankin his Typee and Omoo, and other lin lie there! Daring and death are books, whose coloring is the blue South brothers that sleep in the same foreSea and its green islands, has charmed castle as they sail those seas.
THE CLOVER BANK.
And shiver in the rain :
And then droop back again!
The ugly earth-worms crawl,
And this is Beauty's fall!
She lies beneath the clover bank ;
We're almost heart to heart :
That keeps us long apart !