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the other will not stir nor strain himself. So 'tis in the strength of the brain; the one endeavours, and strains, and labours, and studies, the other sits still and is idle, and takes no pains, and therefore he appears so much the inferior.

" Marriage. “1. Of all actions of a man's life, his marriage does least concern other people, yet of all actions of our life 'tis most meddled with by other people.

2. Marriage is a desperate thing. The frogs in Æsop were extremely wise ; they had a great mind to some water, but they would not leap into the well because they could not get out again.”

Measure of Things. “1. We measure from ourselves, and as things are for our use and purpose, so we approve them; bring a pear to the table that is rotten, we cry it down, 'tis naught; but bring a medlar to the table that is rotten, and 'tis a fine thing, and yet I'll warrant you the pear

thinks as well of itself as the medlar does. “ 2. Nay; we measure the goodness of God from ourselves ; we measure his goodness, his justice, his wisdom, by something we call just, good, or wise in ourselves; and in so doing we judge proportionally to the country fellow in the play, who said if he were a king he would live like a lord, and have peas and bacon every day, and a whip that cried “slash.'"

- Friends. “Old friends are best. King James used to call for his old shoes ; they were easiest for his feet.”

Self-Denial. 66'Tis much the doctrine of the times that men should not please themselves, but deny themselves everything they take delight in ; not look upon beauty, wear no good clothes, eat no good meat, &c., which seems the greatest accusation that can be upon the Maker of all good things. If they be not to be used, why did God make them? The truth is, they that preach against them cannot make use of them their selves, and then again they get esteem by seeming to contemn them. But mark it while you live, if they do not please themselves as much as they can.”

Proverbs. “ The proverbs of several nations were much studied by Bishop Andrews, and the reason he gave was, because by them he knew the minds of several nations, which is a brave thing; as we count him a wise man that knows the minds and insides of men, which is done by knowing what is habitual to them. Proverbs are habitual to a nation, being transmitted from father to son.”

" Reverence. “ 'Tis sometimes unreasonable to look after respect and reverence, either from a man's own servant or other inferiors. A great lord and a gentleman talking together, there came a boy by leading a calf with both his hands. Says the lord to the gentleman, 'You shall see me make the boy let go his calf.' With that he came towards him, thinking the boy would have put off his hat, but the boy took no notice of him. The lord seeing that, 'Sirrah,' says he, do you not know me that you are no reverence.' · Yes,' says the boy, "if your lordship will hold my calf, I will put off my hat.""

Prayer. “We take care what we speak to men, but to God we may say any thing."

John, Earl Somers.



HE greatest lawyer of his generation, one of the

most distinguished men of his age, and foremost

in the ranks of our great English statesmen, upon the career and character of John, Earl Somers, it is possible to look with almost unalloyed satisfaction.

I shall begin my sketch of this illustrious man—who may almost be called the founder of our constitutional monarchy; who at any rate laid, broad and firm, the substructure on which that admirable edifice has been raised

-by bringing together the worthiest and most notable of the eulogiums that have been heaped upon his memory. For the convenience of space, I shall sometimes have to condense them, but, so far as possible, I shall give them in their original form.

Sir James Mackintosh will be regarded as a competent critic, and in his opinion, Lord Somers nearly realised the perfect model of a wise statesman in a free community. “ His wish was public liberty; he employed every talent and resource which was necessary for his end, and not prohibited by the rules of morality. His


regulating principle was usefulness. His quiet and refined mind rather shrunk from popular applause. He preserved the most intrepid steadiness, with a disposition so mild, that his friends thought its mildness excessive, and his enemies supposed that it could be scarcely natural.*

Earl Russell, as a Whig leader, and a strenuous advocate of civil and religious freedom, deserves a respectful hearing “Somers," he says, “is a bright example of a statesman who could live in times of revolution without rancour; who could hold the highest posts in a court without meanness; and who could unite mildness and charity to his opponents with the firmest attachment to the great principles of liberty, civil and religious, which he had early expressed, long promoted, and never abandoned.”

The historian Smollett, as a Tory, was not disposed to overrate the merits of a Whig statesman; but he says : I “He was well skilled in the law,


other branches of polite and useful literature. He possessed a remarkable talent for business, in which he exerted great patience and assiduity; was gentle, candid, and equitable; a Whig in principles, yet moderate, pacific, and conciliating."

Dean Swift had many reasons for not loving him; but in drawing his character, he handles, so to speak, a Balaam pen, and when he fain would curse, is forced to

as in

bless : $—

*“ Life of Sir James Mackintosh."
† Earl Russell, Introduction to the “ History of Europe.”
I Smollett, “ History of England, ”i. 166.

§ Dean Swift, “History of the Last Years of Queen Anne's Reign."

“The Lord Somers may very deservedly be reputed the head and oracle of that party. He has raised himself, by the concurrence of many circumstances, to the greatest employments of the State, without the least support from birth or fortune ; he has constantly, and with great steadiness, cultivated those principles under which he grew. That accident which first produced him to the world, of pleading for the bishops whom King James had sent to the Tower, might have proved a piece of merit as honourable as it was fortunate ; but the old republican spirit, which the Revolution had restored, began to teach other lessons: that since we had accepted a new king from a Calvinistical commonwealth, we must also admit new maxims in religion and government. But since the nobility and gentry would probably adhere to the Established Church, and to the right of monarchy as delivered down from their ancestors, it was the practice of these politicians to introduce such men as were perfectly indifferent to any or no religion, and who were not likely to inherit much loyalty from those to whom they owed their birth. Of this number was the person I am now describing. I have hardly known any man with talents more proper to acquire and preserve the favour of a prince ; never offending in word or gesture, in the highest degree courteous and complaisant, wherein he set an excellent example to his colleagues, which they did not think fit to follow."

Swift proceeds to speak of two reasons as assigned for this extreme civility : first, that from the consciousness of his humble origin, he kept all familiarity at the utmost distance, lest it should become intrusive; and second, that sensible how subject he was to excitant passions, he avoided all incitement to them, by teaching those he conversed with, from his own example, to keep well within the bounds of decency and respect-a reason, if true, which we are bound to admire.

« No man," adds Swift, “is more apt to take fire upon the least

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