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him, in October, 1812, to return to England. In February, 1813, having somewhat recovered, he was appointed to the government and command of Newfoundland, with an assurance that if his health should be restored, more active employment should be assigned him. He struck his flag in 1816, and retired into Devonshire. In 1821 he was called to the Government of the Royal Hospital at Greenwich. The various regulations brought about by his exertions, particularly for improving the system of diet and other comforts to the pensioners, will cause his name to be long and gratefully remembered in that noble asylum.

He was married, in 1820, to Mary, eldest daughter of the late Francis Hurt, Esq., of Alderwasley, in Derbyshire.

He was a sincere Christian in his belief and practice, and both were characterised by a simplicity and singleness of heart for which he was remarkable. He was a firm and zealous friend, and in all the relations of life most exemplary. His beneficence was extensive, and of that character which is rather felt than seen. He closed a career of active usefulness, both in public and private life, on the 5th of April, 1834, most deeply and sincerely lamented.

JOHN FULLER.

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This eccentric gentleman died at his house, Rose-Hill, in the county of Sussex, which county he represented during several successive Parliaments, for a period of more than twenty years, and was made celebrated by a wellknown scene in the House of Commons, when he called the Speaker little insignificant fellow in a wig," for which he was committed to the custody of the Sergeant-at-Arms. He was distinguished throughout life by much eccentricity, mingled with a kind heart, that displayed itself in actions of princely munificence.

Mr. Fuller died extremely rich. The bulk of his fortune, consisting of estates in Sussex and in the island of Jamaica, are left to Augustus Elliot Fuller, Esq., brother of Captain Fuller, R.N., and a nephew of the deceased, as also of Lord Heathfield. The estates in London are left to Sir Peregrine Acland, another nephew; besides which, there are very numerous legacies.

The following anecdote of Mr. Fuller, which may be relied on, is not generally known :-During Mr. Pitt's administration, a messenger arrived at Rose Hill with the offer of a peerage, on the condition that Mr. Fuiler should vote in particular manner on some question of the day. Mr. Fuller, who at the moment had a large party of friends assembled at his dinner-table, directed the messenger to be ushered into the dining-room to receive his answer. In his presence, and that of his guests, Mr. Fuller threw the letter into the fire, telling the messenger, at the same time, to acquaint the Minister with the manner in which his offer had been received, and adding, “ I was born Jack Fuller, and Jack Fuller I will die."

Mr. Fuller stood successfully a severely-contested election with Colonel Sergisson, which lasted sixteen days, and cost the former 20,0001., in addition to a subscription purse of 30,0001., made by the county. The expenses incurred by Mr. Sergisson were, we believe, equally heavy.

RUDOLPH ACKERMANN.

The late Mr. Ackermann, the well-known and highly-respected publisher, who died at Fulham on the 30th of March, was born at Schneeberg, in the kingdom of Saxony, in 1764, and bred to the trade of a coach-builder; he came, early in life, to England, shortly before the commencement of the French Revolution, and for some time pursued in London the occupation of a carriage draftsman, which led to an acquaintance with artists, and to his settlement in business, as a printseller, in the Strand. Here, by indefatigable industry, intelligence, and enterprise, combined with inviolable honour and integrity in all his transactions, he created that flourishing establishment which has made his name, perhaps, more extensively known,

both at home and abroad, than that of any other tradesman in the British metropolis.

In the early part of his career, when the French Revolution had driven many clever and ingenious persons to this country, and when even some of the old noblesse were obliged to exercise their talents for a subsistence, Mr. Ackermann, by the extensive encouragement which he gave to the manufacture of egant fancy articles by them, raised that branch of business to an importance which it had never before attained.

His speculative and enterprising disposition showed itself in various ways unconnected with his trade. We believe that we are correct in stating that his was the first private establishment in which, before the formation of gas companies, an apparatus was erected for making gas for the purpose of domestic illumination. To him the country is certainly indebted for the original introduction of the lithographic art, to which he directed the public attention, not only by a translation of the work of Senefelder, its inventor, but also by the specimens which he produced from his own presses. As a publisher, his illustrated topographical works, especially the Histories of Westminster Abbey, the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge, and the Public Schools, are monuments of his spirit and taste. It is well known that his successful attempt to furnish, in the “Forget Me Not,' a worthy offering to an object of kindness and affection, has generated in this country a new class of elegant works, the Annuals, which in the last ten years have caused the circulation of a very large sum among those whose talents are required for their production. The ardour with which he embarked in the preparation of books, chiefly elementary, for the instruction and enlightenment of the people for the Spanish American States, and in the formation of establishments in some of their principal cities, is also deserving of mention.

But it is not for his spirit, activity, intelligence, and honour, as a tradesman, that his surviving friends will venerate the character of Mr. Ackermann, so much as for that genuine kindness of heart, that cordial hospitality, that warm beneficence, and that active philanthropy, in which it abounded. Never, perhaps, was the latter quality more strikingly displayed, and never were the exertions of an individual in behalf of suffering humanity crowned with such signal success, as when, after the decisive battle of Leipzig, Mr. Ackermann stood forward as the advocate of the starving population of many districts of Germany, reduced to the utmost destitution by the calamities of war. By his indefatigable efforts, committees were organized, and a public subscription set on foot, the amount of which was increased by a parliamentary grant of 100,0001. to more than double that sum. To the great honour of the Society of Friends be it recorded, that their contributions, wit eld from the encouragement of war, were most munificently poured into this fund for the alleviation of the miseries inflicted by that scourge. On Mr. Ackermann, as secretary to the western committee, devolved, in fact, almost the whole of the arduous duties connected with this subscription--the perusal of claims transmitted from abroad, the direction of the extensive correspondence to which they led, and the apportionment of relief to the suffering districts. By these labours his time was absorbed, during the spring and summer of 1814, to such a degree, that he abridged himself of many hours of natural rest every night to pursue them, till his general health and his sight in particular were materially impaired. How entirely his benevolent heart was engrossed by this business' may be inferred from a joke of his old friend Combe's (the author of Dr. Syntax), who one day observed—“I cannot imagine what has happened to our friend Ackermann-meet him when you will and ask him how he does, the only answer you can get is · Leipzig!''

It is not surprising that when he soon afterwards visited his native country, he was hailed as a public benefactor, who, under Providence, had been the means of saying thousands of his fellow-creatures from perishing. The scenes which he every where encountered during the journey were deeply affecting as well as gratifying to his feelings; and often have the tears started from his eyes on reverting to them in conversation with his most intimate friends. The city of Leipzig expressed its gratitude to him by a valuable present of vases and figures in Meissen porcelain; the King of Prussia sent him a costly ring; and the King of Saxony, who invited him to a personal interview, conferred on him the Order of Civil Merit, which he had just instituted.

MARRIAGES AND DEATHS. Married.)-The Hon. Henry Butler, third In Woburn-square, Maria, the wife of the son of the Right Ilon. Lord Dunboyne, to Isa- Rev. R. Cattermole. bella Margaret Munro Johnstone, of Coxhead, At Dolgelly, Griffith Jones, Esq., banker. in Dumfriesshire, only daughter of the late At Tor, Devon, Frances, relict of the late J. Sir Alexander Munro, of Novar, Ross-shire. Sivewright, Esq., of Tavistock-square.

Henry Desborough, Esq., to Mary, daughter G. Cumming, Esq., formerly M.P. for Fortof the late Lieut.-General Desborough.

rose, Inverness, &c. At Paramatta, New South Wales, E. At Chittoor, East Indies, T. Gahagan, Esq., Thomson, Esq., to Anne Maria, daughter of Second Judge of the Provincial Court. Major-General Bourke.

In Strabane, E. Edie, Esq., Recorder. Christopher Alexander Hagerman, Esq., So- At Cheltenham, W. H. Cooper, Esq., brother licitor-General of Upper Canada, to Elizabeth of Sir A. Cooper, Bart., in bis 70th year. Emily, daughter of - Merry, Esq., of Lans- Lieut.-Colonel the Hon. Seymour Bathurst, downe-terrace, Cheltenham, sole Deputy Secre

third son of Earl Bathurst. tary at War.

Jane, relict of the Rev. Lucius Coghlan, Lord Visconut Netterville to Eliza, third D.D., and mother of the late Very Rev. Sir daughter of Joseph Kirwan, Esq., late of George Bisshopp, Bart., Dean of Lismore. Hillsbrook, county Galway.

Major-General Sir Sigismund Smith, ComAt Plaxtol, Kent, the Rev. W. Waldegrave mandant of the 3d Battalion of the Royal Ar. Park, youngest son of the Hon. Mr. Justice tillery, and Knight Commander of the Royal Park, to Elizabeth Jane, youngest daughter of

Hanoverian Guelphic Order. Edmund Yates, Esq., of Fairlawn, Kent, and Georgiana Eliza, eldest daughter of Sir Geo. of Ince, Cheshire.

and Lady Wombwell. At Paris, at the Church of the Assumption, At Florence, Mrs. Charles Rowley, wife of Fauxbourg St. Honoré, Baron Louis Robert Lient.-Colonel Rowley (son of Vice-Admiral Jaen de Noé, of the 5th Hussars, son of Count

Sir Charles Rowley, K.C.B.), and daughter of de Noé, Peer of France, to Louisa Helena, eld- the late John Evelyn, Esq., of Wootton, est daughter of the late John Burke, Esq., of

Surrey. York-place, Portman-square, and the island of At East Lodge, Enfield, the Hon. William Jamaica.

Fullerton Elphinstone, in his 94th year, The Hon. Edward Cecil Curzon, second son At his house in Montague-square, H. Wode. of the Hon. Robt. Curzon and of the Baroness house, Esq., eldest son of the Hon. Colonel de la Zouche, to Emily, sixth daughter of Jas. Wodehouse. Daniell, Esq.

At Bishop's Caundle, Dorset, the Hon. Mary

Digby, wife of the Rev. C. Digby, Canon of Died.]-At Albano, near Rome, the Most Windsor. Rev. Dr. Oliver Kelly, Archbishop of Tuam. At Cheverells, Herts, the Hon. Louisa Sneyd, In Paris, the Countess Walewski, formerly

relict of Walter Sneyd, Esq., and daughter of Lady Caroline Montagne, the youngest daugh- the late Lord Bagot, ter of the Countess of Sandwich.

PROVINCIAL OCCURRENCES IN THE COUNTIES OF ENGLAND, AND IN WALES, SCOTLAND,

AND IRELAND.
LONDON.

tenements, composed chiefly of wood; Improvements in Westminster.—Church- and, when taken down, a range of hand. passage, St. James's, which is Crown some houses is to be erected on their land, is to undergo an important im- sites, and the old shabby court contigu. provement at the termination of the ous is no longer to remain. The new leases of the houses, which will shortly street will be a great improvement, and expire. They are in general ancient will form a most respectable communi.

cation between Jermyn-street and Piccadilly, instead of the present mean passage parallel with the east end of St. James's Church.

Knightsbridge.--A very commodious market is also projected at Knights. bridge, which will remove all those small houses opposite the barracks, and between the back of Trevor-square and Knightsbridge-green. This will also be a great improvement.

KENT.

The Greenwich Railway.-The viaduct of the Greenwich Railway is proceeding with great rapidity, and several of the arches are nearly ready for turning. At Canterbury, and other places in the country, meetings have been held, to continue the railway to Dover ; and if the French complete their railway from Calais to Paris, the metropolises of England and France will be within a day's ride of each other. The distance from Liverpool to London, by the Grand Junction and Birmingham Railway, will be 210 miles, and the distance will be accomplished in ten hours. From Lon. don to Dover, over the Greenwich Via. duct, will be 72 miles, and be performed in four hours. The steam vessels perform the 21 miles from Dover to Calais in two hours ; and as the 180 miles from Calais to Paris will be performed in eight hours by the intended railway, the traveller will be conveyed from London to Liverpool, via Birmingham, in ten hours; from London to Paris in fourteen; and the whole distance from Liverpool to Paris (483 miles) in twentyfour hours! Before the establishment of the railway between Whitstable and Canterbury, there was only one van, which carried 6,000 passengers during the year. Last year there were two Vans on the old road, which carried about 8,000 passengers; but the num. ber who travelled by the railway exceeded 44,000. A curious calculation has been made, showing that during the last twenty years the average number of persons who have annually crossed the Creek bridge, situated in an isolated part between Greenwich and Deptford, has been about 550.000, producing a revenue of upwards of 2,0001. per annum, at one penny each.

NORFOLK. Natural Phenomenon.-The Falmouth Packet states, that within the last few days a singular discovery has been made at Wheal Prudence mine, in the parish

of St. Agnes. Some men employed in extending the adit level found, quite unexpectedly, what was at first consis dered a communication with some old workings, but which turned out a small cavern, filled with impure atmosphere. This was remedied by the introduction of a fresh current, and the part explored. The bottom' was as complete as that over which the ocean rolls daily. So perfect was the state of the internal beach, that had there not subsequently been discovered a variety of conic pillars of oxide of iron, varying from 6 to 18 inches in height, (caused by dropping of water from the roof,) it would most certainly have been conjectured that the barrier between the cavern and the sea had not long been formed; these cones, however, together with the hard irony incrustations of some particular portions of the sand, put it beyond doubt that the present obstruction to the sea's en, trance has existed for many a long year, most probably for half a century. On proceeding southward about 120 feet, a very hard head of ground presented itself, which was at first considered to be the termination ; but, on stooping down, a small aperture was seen, through which the captain of the mine groped ; and, on raising his eyes, one of the most magnificent excavations ever beheld ex, panded to his view; the whole extent of the chasm measuring longitudinally 200 feet, varying from 30 to 70 feet in height, and in width from 20 to 40 feet. Many have been the visits already paid to this interesting spot; and amongst other things found is that of the skele. ton of a fish, measuring from the head to the lower extremity about two feet; its particular kind cannot be ascertained: the bones were apparently as perfect as possible, but the most trilling pressure would immediately crumble them to dust; with the exception, however, of the skull, which was as hard and firm as when first formed. It cannot yet be precisely ascertained how the avenue through which the sea originally made its way was closed; but the conjecture at present is, that by some tremendous north-western gale, huge masses of rock must have been jammed in between the aperture; which, with constant additions from the falling in of portions of the neighbouring earth, became at length so hard and immovable as altogether to put a stop to any further encroachments. The whole distance from the sea to the southern extremity of the cavern is 400 feet.

OXFORDSHIRE.

The University of Oxford. We are happy to find. from the Oxford newspapers that have been put into our hands, that there is at length a prospect of the above establishment being placed on a more creditable footing. We believe that this celebrated university has the distinction of possessing the oldest museum, and the oldest botanical garden, belonging to any public institution in the United Kingdom ; but we confess that, when we visited that seat of learn. ing, some years ago, both these esta. blishments struck us to be chiefly interesting in an antiquarian point of view, namely, as specimens of what museums and what green-houses were a century or so ago, thereby marking the progress that has since been made in all which relates to the cultivation of natural his. tory elsewhere. We learn that, owing principally to the public spirit of two individuals, the former has now as. sumed quite an altered appearance ; but we believe the latter remains much in statu quo. The subscription now set on foot promises, however, to be consider. able enough to remove this blot from the academical scutcheon; for it would seem to be taken up warmly by nonresidents as well as by residents, by citizens as well as by gownsmen, by ladies as well as by gentlemen. spectus having been circulated just before the Easter vacation, the contributions are at present for the most part from individuals; but on the commencement of term, we cannot doubt but that the colleges will follow the examples set them, in behalf of an institution in which they have all a common interest.

The pro

SUSSEX.

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Destruction of the Cliffs beyond Kemp Town. — The rapid destruction of the Cliff's between Kemp Town and Rottingdean, says the Brighton Herald,' cannot but strike every one.

The road to the latter place has been three times encroached upon and destroyed within the last twenty or thirty years; and although the present line is so far removed as to be apparently beyond the reach of injury, at least for many years, yet since the last road was made a very great loss of the cliffs has taken place, and their destruction is in active progress.

This devastation is not occa. sioned, however, by the inroads of the sea, except in a trifling degree: the fol.

sea.

lowing is the real cause. The ancient bed of shingle which rests upon the chalk, and which supports the mass of loose materials of which the upper part of the cliffs is composed, consists of loose pebbles and large boulders, im. bedded in a very fine sand. This bed is exposed near the base of the cliffs, and is consequently very accessible; and as large flints are more readily obtained from it, than from the modern beach, the men employed to collect these materials are daily picking it out, and undermining the cliffs, which, from the want of support, fall down in enormous masses, and are washed away by the

It is a matter of surprise and regret that the lords of the manor allow This destruction to take place ; for admitting that the surface soil, which has been, and is still being destroyed, be, of no great value (although it must within the last twenty years have amounted to several hundred acres), yet ultimately the cliffs must approach the present road and the ground on which the gas-works and other buildings are situated. This destruction, we repeat, is not occasioned by the inroads of the sea : it is solely produced by the removal of the ancient shingle bed; and thus, for a few cart. loads of Aints, which could easily be obtained elsewhere, the cliffs to the extent of many hundred yards have been destroyed, and much valuable property endangered.

IRELAND

Irish Cattle.- The following is an ac count of the number of cattle, sheep, pigs, and horses, imported into Bristol from Ireland during the months of January, February, and March, 1834, as reported in the Bristol Presentment :Horses, 25; cattle, 146; sheep, 317; pigs, 45,398.

Charities. The Commissioners for inquiring into Charities in England and Wales have addressed a circular to che officiating clergymen of the several parishes, requesting to have a list returned to them of all the charities in their respective parishes, stating by whom and when founded, and for what purpose ; also the names of what persons as trustees, or otherwise, will be able to give information with respect to each charity. If there should be no charities in the parish, the clergyman is requested to send an answer to the Commissioners to that effect.

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