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or the like ; as, "His judgment as a critic was very reliable.” Here critic appears to be the object of the relation expressed by as, which must, therefore, be a preposition. There, certainly, is no connection of appositional terms, nor of any subject and attribute.--EDITOR.]

4. After than or as expressing a comparison, there is usually an ellipsis of some word or words. The construction of the words employed may be known by supplying the ellipsis; as, “She is younger than I" [am].--"He does nothing who endeavors to do more than [what] is allowed to humanity.”Johnson. My punishment is greater than [what] I can bear."--Bible.

Notes, or Subordinate Rules. I.—When two terms connected refer jointly to a third, they must be adapted to it and to each other, both in sense and in form. Thus, instead of, "It always has, and always will be laudable," say, "It always has been, and it always will be laudable."

II.—The disjunctive conjunction lest or but, should not be employed where the copulative that would be more proper : as, “I feared that I should be deserted ;” not, lest I should be deserted."

III.-After else, other, rather, and all comparatives, the latter term of comparison should be introduced by the conjunction than ; as,

“ Can there be any other than this ?”. “ Is not the life more than meat ? ”

IV.-The words in each of the following pairs, are the proper correspondents to each other; and care should be taken to give them their right place in the sentence.

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1. Thoughyet; as, Though he were dead, yet shall he live.”John xi. 2. Whether-01'; as,

Whether there be few or many." 3. Either-or; as, “He was either ashamed or afraid."

4. Neither_101; as, “John the Baptist came neither eating bread nor drinking wine.”Luke vii.

5. Bothand; as, “I am debtor both to the Greeks and to the Barbarians.”-Rom. i.

6. Such-as ; as, “An assembly such as earth saw never. 7. Such-that ; with a finite verb following, to express a consequence;

'My health is such that I cannot go."

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as,

8. As—as ; with an adjective or an adverb, to express equality ; as, “ The peasant is (18 gay as he.”

9. A8-80; with two verbs, to express equality or proportion; as, “ As two are to four, 80 are six to twelve."

10. Soas ; with an adjective or an adverb, to limit the degree by comparison; as, “How can you descend to a thing so base as falsehood ?"

11. So-as ; with a negative preceding, to deny equality; as, lamb was e'er 80 mild as he.”

12. 80-as ; with an infinitive following, to express a consequence ; as, " These difficulties were so great as to discourage him.”

13. So-That; with a finite verb following, to express a consequence ; as, “He was so much injured, that he could not walk.".

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False Syntax. EXAMPLE.—The first proposal was essentially different and inferior to the second.

FORMULE.-Not proper, becanse the preposition to, is used with joint reference to the two adjectives different and inferior, which require different prepositions. But, according to Note I. under Rule XXV., “When two terms connected refer jointly to a third, they must be adapted to it and to each other, both in sense and in form.” The sentence may be corrected thus : The first proposal was essentially different from the second, and inferior to it.

I. He has made alterations and additions to the work. He is more bold, but not so wise, as his companion. Sincerity is as valuable, and even more so, than knowledge. I always have, and I always shall be, of this opinion. What is now kept secret, shall be hereafter displayed and

heard in the clearest light. We pervert the noble faculty of speech, when we use it to the

defaming or to disquiet our neighbors. Be more anxious to acquire knowledge than of showing it. The court of chancery frequently mitigates and breaks the teeth of the common law.

II.
We were apprehensive lest some accident had happened.
I do not deny but he has merit.
Are you afraid lest he will forget you?

These paths and bow'rs, doubt not but our joint hands
Will keep from wilderness.--Milton. -

III.
It was no other but his own father.
Have you no other proof except this?
I expected something more besides this.
He no sooner retires but his heart burns with devotion.
Such literary filching is nothing else but robbery.

IV.
Neither despise or oppose what you do not understand.
He would not either do it himself nor let me do it.
The majesty of good things is such, as the confines of them

are reverend. Whether he intends to do so I cannot tell. Send me such articles only that are adapted to this market. As far as I am able to judge, the book is well written. No errors are so trivial but they deserve correction. It will improve neither the mind nor delight the fancy. The one is equally deserving as the other. There is no condition so secure as cannot admit of change. Do

you think this is so good as that ? The relations are so obscure as they require much thought. None is so fierce that dare stir him up. There was no man so sanguine who did not apprehend some

ill consequence.
I must be so candid to own that I do not understand it.
The book is not as well printed as it ought to be.

So still he sat as those who wait
Till judgment speak the doom of fate.—Scott.

Rule XXVI.-Interjections. Interjections have no dependent construction; as, “ O! let not thy heart despise me."--Johnson.

Observations, 1. The interjection O is common to many languages, and is frequently prefixed to nouns or pronouns that are independent by direct

Arise, () Lord ; 0 God, lift up thine hand.”--Psalms x. Oye of little faith !”-Matt. vi.

address ; as,

2. Interjections in English have no government. When a word not in the nominative absolute, follows an interjection, as part of an imperfect exclamation, its construction depends on something understood ; as, “Ah me!"—that is, “ Ah ! pity me.”—“ Alas for them ! ”—that is, “Alas ! I sigh for them.”-O for that warning voice ! ”--that is, “O! how I long for that warning voice! ""0! that they were wise ! that is, “O! how I wish that they were wise !" Such expressions, however, lose much of their vivacity, when the ellipsis is supplied.

3. Interjections may be placed before or after a simple sentence, and sometimes between its parts ; but they are seldom allowed to interrupt the connection of words closely united in sense.

Promiscuous Examples of False Syntax.

LESSON I. It is here expected that the learner will ascertain for himself the proper form of correcting each example, according to the particular Rule or Note under which it belongs. There is a spirit in man, and the inspiration of the Almighty giveth

them understanding. My people doth not consider. I have never heard who they invited.

Then hasten thy return; for, thee away,

No lustre has the sun, nor joy the day. I am as well as when you was here. That elderly man, he that came in late, I supposed to be the superin

tendent. All the virtues of mankind are to be counted upon a few fingers, but

his follies and vices are innumerable. It must indeed be confessed that a lampoon or a satire do not carry in

them robbery or murder.
There was more persons than one engaged in this affair.
A man who lacks ceremony has need for great merit.
A wise man avoids the showing any excellence in trifles.
The most important and first female quality is sweetness of temper.
We choose rather lead than follow.
Ignorance is the mother of fear, as well as admiration.
He must fear many, who many fear.
Every one partake of honor bestowed on the worthy.
The king nor the queen were not at all deceived.
Was there no difference, there would be no choice.
I had rather have been informed.
Must thee return this evening ?
Life and death is in the power of the tongue.

I saw a person that I took to be she.
Let him be whom he may, I shall not stop.
This is certainly an useful invention.
That such a spirit as thou dost not understand me.
" It is no more but justice,” quoth the farmer.

LESSON II.
Great improvements has been made.
It is undoubtedly true what I have heard.
The nation is torn by feuds which threaten their ruin.
The account of these transactions were incorrect.
Godliness with contentment are great gain.
The number of sufferers have not been ascertained.
There are one or more of them yet in confinement.
They have chose the wisest part.
He spent his whole life in doing of good.
They know scarcely that temperance is a virtue.
I am afraid lest I have labored in vain.
Mischief to itself doth back recoil.
This construction sounds rather harshly.
What is the cause of the leaves curling ?
Was it thee that made the noise ?
Let thy flock clothe upon the naked.
Wisdom and knowledge is granted unto thee.
His conduct was surprising strange.
This woman taught my brother and I to read.
Let your promises be such that you can perform.
We shall sell them in the state they now are.
We may add this observation, however.
This came in fashion when I was young.
I did not use the leaves, but root of the plant.
We have used every mean in our power continually.
Pass ye away, thou inhabitant of Saphir.— Micah.
Give every syllable and every letter their proper sound.

LESSON III.
To know exactly how much mischief may be ventured upon with im.

punity, are knowledge enough for some folks.
Every leaf and every twig teem with life.
I was rejoiced at this intelligence.
I was afraid that I should have lost the parcel.
Which of all these patterns is the prettier ?
They which despise instruction shall not be wise.
Both thou and thy advisers have mistaken their interest.

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