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or the like ; as, "His judgment as a critic was very reliable.” Here critic appears to be the object of the relation expressed by as, which must, therefore, be a preposition. There, certainly, is no connection of appositional terms, nor of any subject and attribute.--EDITOR.]
4. After than or as expressing a comparison, there is usually an ellipsis of some word or words. The construction of the words employed may be known by supplying the ellipsis; as, “She is younger than I" [am].--"He does nothing who endeavors to do more than [what] is allowed to humanity.”—Johnson. “My punishment is greater than [what] I can bear."--Bible.
Notes, or Subordinate Rules. I.—When two terms connected refer jointly to a third, they must be adapted to it and to each other, both in sense and in form. Thus, instead of, "It always has, and always will be laudable," say, "It always has been, and it always will be laudable."
II.—The disjunctive conjunction lest or but, should not be employed where the copulative that would be more proper : as, “I feared that I should be deserted ;” not, “lest I should be deserted."
III.-After else, other, rather, and all comparatives, the latter term of comparison should be introduced by the conjunction than ; as,
“ Can there be any other than this ?”. “ Is not the life more than meat ? ”
IV.-The words in each of the following pairs, are the proper correspondents to each other; and care should be taken to give them their right place in the sentence.
1. Though—yet; as, “ Though he were dead, yet shall he live.”John xi. 2. Whether-01'; as,
Whether there be few or many." 3. Either-or; as, “He was either ashamed or afraid."
4. Neither_101; as, “John the Baptist came neither eating bread nor drinking wine.”—Luke vii.
5. Both—and; as, “I am debtor both to the Greeks and to the Barbarians.”-Rom. i.
6. Such-as ; as, “An assembly such as earth saw never. 7. Such-that ; with a finite verb following, to express a consequence;
'My health is such that I cannot go."
8. As—as ; with an adjective or an adverb, to express equality ; as, “ The peasant is (18 gay as he.”
9. A8-80; with two verbs, to express equality or proportion; as, “ As two are to four, 80 are six to twelve."
10. So—as ; with an adjective or an adverb, to limit the degree by comparison; as, “How can you descend to a thing so base as falsehood ?"
11. So-as ; with a negative preceding, to deny equality; as, lamb was e'er 80 mild as he.”
12. 80-as ; with an infinitive following, to express a consequence ; as, " These difficulties were so great as to discourage him.”
13. So-That; with a finite verb following, to express a consequence ; as, “He was so much injured, that he could not walk.".
False Syntax. EXAMPLE.—The first proposal was essentially different and inferior to the second.
FORMULE.-Not proper, becanse the preposition to, is used with joint reference to the two adjectives different and inferior, which require different prepositions. But, according to Note I. under Rule XXV., “When two terms connected refer jointly to a third, they must be adapted to it and to each other, both in sense and in form.” The sentence may be corrected thus : The first proposal was essentially different from the second, and inferior to it.
I. He has made alterations and additions to the work. He is more bold, but not so wise, as his companion. Sincerity is as valuable, and even more so, than knowledge. I always have, and I always shall be, of this opinion. What is now kept secret, shall be hereafter displayed and
heard in the clearest light. We pervert the noble faculty of speech, when we use it to the
defaming or to disquiet our neighbors. Be more anxious to acquire knowledge than of showing it. The court of chancery frequently mitigates and breaks the teeth of the common law.
These paths and bow'rs, doubt not but our joint hands
are reverend. Whether he intends to do so I cannot tell. Send me such articles only that are adapted to this market. As far as I am able to judge, the book is well written. No errors are so trivial but they deserve correction. It will improve neither the mind nor delight the fancy. The one is equally deserving as the other. There is no condition so secure as cannot admit of change. Do
you think this is so good as that ? The relations are so obscure as they require much thought. None is so fierce that dare stir him up. There was no man so sanguine who did not apprehend some
So still he sat as those who wait
Rule XXVI.-Interjections. Interjections have no dependent construction; as, “ O! let not thy heart despise me."--Johnson.
Observations, 1. The interjection O is common to many languages, and is frequently prefixed to nouns or pronouns that are independent by direct
“ Arise, () Lord ; 0 God, lift up thine hand.”--Psalms x. “Oye of little faith !”-Matt. vi.
address ; as,
2. Interjections in English have no government. When a word not in the nominative absolute, follows an interjection, as part of an imperfect exclamation, its construction depends on something understood ; as, “Ah me!"—that is, “ Ah ! pity me.”—“ Alas for them ! ”—that is, “Alas ! I sigh for them.”-“O for that warning voice ! ”--that is, “O! how I long for that warning voice! ""0! that they were wise ! that is, “O! how I wish that they were wise !" Such expressions, however, lose much of their vivacity, when the ellipsis is supplied.
3. Interjections may be placed before or after a simple sentence, and sometimes between its parts ; but they are seldom allowed to interrupt the connection of words closely united in sense.
Promiscuous Examples of False Syntax.
LESSON I. It is here expected that the learner will ascertain for himself the proper form of correcting each example, according to the particular Rule or Note under which it belongs. There is a spirit in man, and the inspiration of the Almighty giveth
them understanding. My people doth not consider. I have never heard who they invited.
Then hasten thy return; for, thee away,
No lustre has the sun, nor joy the day. I am as well as when you was here. That elderly man, he that came in late, I supposed to be the superin
tendent. All the virtues of mankind are to be counted upon a few fingers, but
his follies and vices are innumerable. It must indeed be confessed that a lampoon or a satire do not carry in
them robbery or murder.
I saw a person that I took to be she.
punity, are knowledge enough for some folks.