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A idle soul shall suffer hunger.
name of a gentleman ? Rhoda ran in, and told how Peter stood before the gate. What is latitude and longitude ? Cicero was more eloquent than any Roman. Who dares apologize for Pizarro,—who is but another name for rapacity ?
Doubt not, little though there be,
But I'll cast a crumb to thee. This rule is the best which can be given. I have never seen no other way. These are poor amends for the men and treasures which we have lost. Dost thou know them boys ? This is a part of my uncle's father's estate. Many people never learn to speak correct. Some people are rash, and others timid; those apprehend too much,
these too little.
to serve you.
Either of these four will answer.
Wert thou some star, which from the ruin'd roof
LESSON V. Was the master, or many of the scholars, in the room ? His father's and mother's consent was asked. Whom is he supposed to be ? He is an old venerable man. It was then my purpose to have visited Sicily. It is to the learner only, and he that is in doubt, that this assistance is
recommended. There are not the least hope of his recovery. Anger and impatience is always unreasonable. In his letters, there are not only correctness but elegance. Opportunity to do good is the highest preferment which a noble mind
desires. The year when he died is not mentioned. Had I knew it, I should not have went. Was it thee that spoke to me? The house is situated pleasantly. He did it as private as he possibly could. Subduing our passions is the noblest of conquests. James is more diligent than thee. Words interwove with sighs found out their way. He appears to be diffident excessively. The number of our days are with thee. Like as a father pitieth his children, so the Lord pitieth them that fear
him.-Psalms ciii. The circumstances of this case is different. Well for us, if some such other men should rise! A man that is young in years may be old in hours, if he have lost no time. The chief captain, fearing lest Paul should have been pulled in pieces
of them, commanded the soldiers to go down, and to take them by
Nay, weep not, gentle Eros ; there is left us
V.-ARRANGEMENT. The arrangement of words is an important part of Syntax, especially in the English language, in which, in consequence of the paucity of its inflections, the sense is made to depend to a very great extent upon the order of the terms.
This has been, in great part, already considered in the preceding rules and observations, but a few additional hints and illustrations are here inserted.
1. The subject noun or pronoun naturally comes before the verb; and the object or attribute, after it.
For cases of inversion of the subject and verb, see Observation 1, Rule VI.
Inversions of any of these are generally controlled by the law of emphasis, which requires an unusual position in the sentence for a word, phrase, or clause, which is to be made prominent. The following sentences will serve for illustration :
“ Into the valley of death rode the six hundred.”
“ When Thebes Epaminondas rears again." 2. On the same principle, the adjective which, in the natural order, precedes the noun, may be made to follow it, thus :
“ Across the meadows, fresh and green.” Also when the adjective is encumbered with one or more adjuncts, thus :
“To whom the goblin full of wrath replied.”
"A man wise in his own conceit can learn but littte.” 3. The relative should be as close as possible to its antecedent, and no other word should intervene that might be mistaken for the antecedent. The following are examples of such an ambiguity :
" It was David, the father of Solomon, who slew Goliath."
" All evils here contaminate the mind,
That opulence departed leaves behind.”
4. Adverbs, and all adverbial expressions, should be placed as near as possible to the words which they affect.
This is illustrated under the rule for adverbs. The principle is of general application to all classes of adjuncts, the position of which should be such as to show, with the greatest possible clearness, to what words
belong. The following sentence illustrates this principle, in the correct position of every adjunct :-“But now ye seek to kill me, a man that hath told you the truth which I have heard of God : this did not Abraham.”-John viii.
The following is a comprehensive canon for the correction of miscellaneous errors in construction not specifically referred to in the foregoing rules and observations.
Ceneral Rule, In the formation of sentences, the consistency and adaptation of all the words should be carefully observed ; and a regular, clear, and correspondent construction should be preserved throughout.
OBS. -In the foregoing pages, the principles of syntax or construction, are supposed to be pretty fully developed ; but there may be in composition many errors of such a nature that no rule of grammar can show what should be substituted. The greater the inaccuracy, the more difficult the correction ; because the sentence may require a change throughout. Sometimes the faults may be rhetorical rather than grammatical ; that is, they may have no reference to relation, agreement, government, or arrangement, but may be due to an improper selection of words or phrases. In that case, the application of other principles than those previously explained in syntax may be required.
False Syntax. EXAMPLE.—If I can contribute to your and my country's glory.
FORMULE.—Not proper, because the pronoun your has not a clear and regular construc. tion. But, according to the General Rule, “In the formation of sentences, the consistency and adaptation of all the words should be carefully observed ; and a regular, clear, and correspondent construction should be preserved throughout.” The sentence having A double meaning, may be corrected in two ways : thus, If I can contribute to our coun. try's glory-or, If I can contribute to your glory and that of my country. Is there, then, more than one true religion ? The laws of Lycurgus but substituted insensibility to enjoy ment.-Goldsmith.
Rain is seldom or ever seen at Lima.
indication of corporeal want.
sequently, entitled to the reward. The men had made inquiry for Simon's house, and stood be
fore the gate.--Acts x. Give no more trouble than you can possibly help. The art of printing being then unknown, was a circumstance
in some respects favorable to freedom of the pen. Another passion which the present age is apt to run into, is
to make children learn all things.-Goldsmith. He is always the severest censor on the merits of another, who
has the least worth of his own. Nor was Philip wanting in his endeavors to corrupt Demos
thenes, as he had most of the leading men in Greece.
Goldsmith The Greeks, fearing to be surrounded on all sides, wheeled
about and halted, with the river on their backs.—Id. Poverty turns our thoughts too much upon the supplying of
our wants; and riches, upon enjoying our superfluities. To obtain a correct style requires few talents to which most
men are not born, or at least may not acquire. That brother should not war with brother, And worry and devour each other.-Cowper. Such is the refuge of our youth and age; The first from hope, the last from vacancy.—Byron. Triumphant Sylla ! couldst thou then divine, By aught than Romans Rome should thus be laid ?-Id.