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to marginal notes. The section  and the paragraph , are also often used for marks of reference, the former being usually applied to the fourth, and the latter to the sixth, note on a page; for, by the usage of printers, these signs are now commonly introduced in the following order: 1*, 2 t, 37, 4$, 51, 67, 7 **, 8 tt, etc. When many references are to be made, the small letters of the alphabet, or the numerical figures, in their order, may be conveniently used for the same purpose.
18. [***] The asterism, or three stars, a sign not very often used, is placed before a long or general note, to mark it as a note, without giving it a particular reference.
19. [¢] The cedilla is a mark borrowed from the French, by whom it is placed under the letter c, to give it the sound of 8 before a or 0; as, in the words, "façade,” “ Alençon." It is also attached to other letters, to denote their soft sounds: as, çh as sh; $ as 2 ; x as gz.
For oral exercises in punctuation, the teacher may select any well-pointed book, to which the foregoing rules and explanations may be applied by the pupil. An application of the principles of punctuation, either to points rightly inserted, or in the correction of errors, is as easy a process as ordinary syntactical parsing or correcting ; and, in proportion to the utility of these principles, as useful. The exercise, in relation to correct pointing, consists in reading some passage, in successive parts, according to its points ; naming the latter as they occur; and repeating the rules or doctrines of punctuation, as the reasons for the marks employed. Written excercises are given below.
Exercises in Punctuation.
1.- The Comma. Copy the following sentences, and insert the comma where it 23 required.
Exceptions. One of the arts that contribute most to the cultivation of the human
mind is the art of language. To remain insensible to such provocation is apathy. He who strives to injure others cannot be happy.
He has passed it is likely through varieties of fortune.
Exceptions. 1. He that has far to go should not hurry.
Hobbes believed the eternal truths which he opposed.
Feeble are all pleasures in which the heart has no share. 2. A good name is better than precious ointment.
Thinkst thou that duty shall have dread to speak ?
The city army court espouse my cause.
Exceptions. 1. God will rather look to the inward motions of the mind than to the
outward form of the body. Gentleness is unassuming in opinion and temperate in zeal. 2. He has experienced prosperity and also adversity.
All sin essentially is and must be mortal. 3. One person is chosen chairman or moderator.
Duration or time is measured by motion.
The governor or viceroy is chosen annually. 4. Reflection reason still the ties improve. His neat plain parlor wants our modern style.
RULE V. I inquired and rejected consulted and deliberated. Seed-time and harvest cold and heat summer and winter day and night shall not cease.
With heads declin'd ye cedars homage pay;
In the same temple the resounding wood
Exceptions. 1. The last king of Rome was Tarquinius Superbus.
Bossuet highly eulogizes Maria Theresa of Austria. 2. For he went and dwelt by the brook Cherith.
Remember the example of the patriarch Joseph. 3. I wisdom dwell with prudence.
Ye fools be ye of an understanding heart.
I tell you that which you yourselves do know. 4. I crown thee king of intimate delights.
I count the world a stranger for thy sake.
Then active still and unconfined his mind
But there is yet a liberty unsung
My desire is to live in peace.
We come not with design of wasteful prey
RULE XI. Having given this answer he departed. Some sunk to beasts find pleasure end in pain. Eased of her load subjection grows more light. Death still draws nearer never seeming near. He lies full low gored with wounds and weltering in his blood. Kind is fell Lucifer compared to thee. Man considered in himself is helpless and wretched. Like scattered down by howling Eurus blown. He with wide nostrils snorting skims the wave. Youth is properly speaking introductory to manhood.
RULE XVII. He cried “Cause every man to go out from me.” " Almet” said he " remember what thou hast seen." I answered “Mock not thy servant who is but a worm before thee."
II.-The Semicolon. Copy the following sentences, and insert the comma and the semicolon where they are required.
RULE I. “ Man is weak” answered his companion “knowledge is more than
equivalent to force." To judge rightly of the present we must oppose it to the past for all
judgment is comparative and of the future nothing can be known. “Content is natural wealth” says Socrates to which I shall add "luxury
is artificial poverty.”