Imágenes de páginas

OBS. 3.---By a synæresis of the two short syllables, or perhaps by mere substitution, an anapest may sometimes be employed for an iambus; or a dactyl, for a trochee; as,

O'er manly a frol-zen, manly a fil-er-y Alp.

Order II.-Trochaic Verse, In trochaic verse, the stress is laid on the odd sylla bles, and the even ones are short. Single-rhymed trochaic omits the final short syllable, that it may end with a long one. This kind of verse is the same as iambic would be without the initial short syllable. Tambics and trochaics often occur in the same poem.

Measure 1st.—Trochaic of Eight Feet, or Octometer : “Once upl-on a | midnight | dreary, | while I | pondered, I weak and

weary, Over | māný å I quaint and cūržous | volume of for|-gotten | lore, While I | nodded, I nearly | napping, i suddenl-ly there | came a |

tapping, As of | some one / gently | rapping, | rapping | at my | chamber

| door.” Measure 2d.-Trochaic of Seven Feet, or Heptameter : “Hasten, | Lord, to | rescue | me, and I set me | safe from | trouble ; Shame thou | those who I seek my | soul, rel-ward their | mischief ! double."

Single Rhyme : “Night and ! morning | were at | meeting | over | Water|-loo; Cocks had / sung their | earliest | greeting ; | faint and I low they |

. crew.”

Measure 3d.-Trochaic of Six Feet, or Hexameter:
“On ă | mõuntăin | stretch'd běl-nēath ă i hòary | willów,
Lay a | shepherd | swain, and | view'd the rolling | billow.”

Single Rhyme :
“Lonely | in the forest, / subtle | from his birth,

Lived | a necrol-mancer, / wondrous , son of earth.”
Measure 4th.—Trochaic of Five Feet, or Pentameter:
“Virtle’s | brightning | rẫy shall | beam för | ever.”

Single Rhyme :
“Idle | aftěr | dinner, , in his chāir,

Sat a / farmer, 1 ruddy, I fat, and | fair."

[ocr errors]

Measure 5th.-Trochaic of Four Feet, or Tetrameter :

“Rõund à | hõlý | cālm dif]-fūsing,
Love of peace and lonely | musing."

Single Rhyme :
"Restless | mõrtăls | tõil fór | nāught,

Bliss in | vain from earth is | sought.
Measure 6th.Trochaic of Three Feet, or Trimeter :

“Whēn our hearts āre | mourning.”

Single Rhyme :
“In thě | dāys of old,

Stories | plainly | told.”
Measure 7th.Trochaic of Two Feet, or Dimeter :

“Fẵncy | viễwing,

Joys en -suing.”
Single Rhyme :
“ Tūmúlt | cēase,

Sink to | peace.”
Measure 8th.Trochaic of One Foot, or Monometer :



Order III.-Anapestic Verse. In anapestic verse the stress is laid on every third syllable. The first foot of an anapestic line may be an iambus. Measure 1st. —Anapestic of Four Feet, or Tetrameter : “At thể close 1 of thể dāy, | when the hām | lět is still, And mor|-tals the sweets of forget|-fulness prove.”

Hypermeter with Double Rhyme :
“In a word, . so complete l-ly forestallid | were the wish |-es,
Even har l-mony struck | from the noise of the dish |-es.”

Hypermeter with Triple Rhyme :
“Lean Tom, / when I saw | him, last week, , on his horse | awry,
Threaten'd loud |-ly to turn | me to stone | with his sors-cery."
Measure 2d.-Anapestic of Three Feet, or Trimeter :

“I am mon|-rch of all | I sŭrvēy ;

My right | there is none | to dispute."

Measure 30.-Anapestic of Two Feet, or Dimeter :

“ When I look | on my boys,

They renew | all my joys."
Measure 4th.Anapestic of One Foot, or Monometer:

“ On the lānd
Let me stand."

Order IV.-Dactylic Verse. In pure dactylic verse the stress is laid on the first syl. lable of each successive three ; that is, on the first, the fourth, the seventh, the tenth syllable, etc. Full dactylic generally forms triple rhyme. When one of the final short syllables is omitted, the rhyme is double ; when both are omitted, single. Dactylic with single rhyme is the same as anapestic would be without its initial short syllables. Dactylic measure is rather uncommon, and is seldom perfectly regular.

Measure 1st.—Dactylic of Eight Feet, or Octometer : “Nimród the | hūntèr wás | mighty In | hūnting, ănd | fūmed as the |

rūlěr of cīties of | yöre; Babel, and | Erech, and | Accad, and | Calneh, from | Shinar’s fair |

region his name afar | bore.

Measure 2d. -Dactylic of Seven Feet, or Heptameter : “Out of the kingdom of Christ shall be / gathered, by / angels o'er|

Satan vicl-torious, All that of |-fendeth, that ! lieth, that I faileth to | honor his name ever | glorious."

Measure 3d.-Dactylic of Six Feet, or Hexameter : “ Time, thou art | ever in | motion, on | wheels of the days, years, and

| ages ; Restless as I waves of the ocean, when | Eurus or | Boreas / rages.”

Example without Rhyme : ** This is the | forest pris-meval; but | where are the | hearts that bel

neath it Leap'd like the | roe, when he hears in the woodland the voice of the | huntsman ?”

Measure 4th.Dactylic of Five Feet, or Pentameter: “Now thou dost | welcome me, I welcome me, I from the dark / sea,

Land of the | beautiful, | beautiful | land of the | free."

[ocr errors]

Measure 5th.—Dactylic of Four Feet, or Tetrameter:
“Böys will ăn|-ticipate, | lavish, and | dissipate

All thăt your | būsý påte | hõarděd wịth | căre;
And, in their | foolishness, passion, and | mulishness,

Charge you with | churlishness, I spurning your | pray’r.”
Measure 6th.-Dactylic of Three Feet, or Trimeter:

“Ever sừng | mẹrrily, | mỹrrily.”
Measure 7th.-Dactylic of Two Feet, or Dimeter:

“ Frēe frèm siltiếtỹ,

Care, and anxiety,
Charms in variety,

Fall to his / share.”
Measure 8th.-Dactylic of One Foot, or Monometer :

“ Fēarfüllý,


Exercises in Scanning. Divide the following verses into the feet which compose them, and dis tinguish by marks the long and the short syllables.

Alone thou sitst above the everlasting hills,

And all immensity of space thy presence fills:
For thou alone art God ;-as God thy saints adore thee;
Jehovah is thy name ;-they have no gods before thee.-G. B.

Up the dewy mountain, Health is bounding lightly ;

On her brows a garland, twin'd with richest posies :
Gay is she, elate with hope, and smiling sprightly ;
Redder is her cheek, and sweeter, than the rose is.-G. B.

The impenitent sinner whom mercy empowers,

Dishonors that goodness which seeks to restore ;
As the sands of the desert are water'd by showers,
Yet barren and fruitless remain as before.-G. Brown.

Holy and pure are the pleasures of piety,

Drawn from the fountain of mercy and love ;
Endless, exhaustless, exempt from satiety,

Rising unearthly, and soaring above.-G. Brown.

The bolt that strikes the tow'ring cedar dead,
Oft passes harmless o'er the hazel's head.-G. Brown.

" Yet to the general's voice they soon obey'd

Innumerable. As when the potent rod
Of Amram's son, in Egypt's evil day,
Wav'd round the coast, up call’d a pitchy cloud
Of locusts, warping on the eastern wind,
That o'er the realm of impious Pharaoh hung
Like night, and darken'd all the land of Nile.”Milton.

Thy name is dear—'tis virtue balm'd in love;
Yet e'en thy name a pensive sadness brings.
Ah! wo the day, our hearts were doom'd to prove,
That fondest love but points affliction's stings !-G. Brown.

Zephyrs, moving bland, and breathing fragrant

With the sweetest odors of the spring,
O'er the winged boy, a thoughtless vagrant,
Slumb’ring in the grove, their perfumes fling.–G. Brown.

DIVINE POWER. When the winds o'er Gennesaret roar'd,

And the billows tremendously rose,
The Saviour but utter'd the word ;
They were hush'd to the calmest repose.—G. Brown.

Come from the mount of the leopard, spouse,

Come from the den of the lion;
Come to the tent of thy shepherd, spouse,
Come to the mountain of Zion.-G. Brown.

In the days of thy youth,

Remember thy God :
0! forsake not his truth,
Incur not his rod.-G. Brown.

Constant and duteous,

Meek as the dove,
How art thou beauteous,

Daughter of love I-G. Brown.

« AnteriorContinuar »