« AnteriorContinuar »
OBS. 3.---By a synæresis of the two short syllables, or perhaps by mere substitution, an anapest may sometimes be employed for an iambus; or a dactyl, for a trochee; as,
“O'er manly a frol-zen, manly a fil-er-y Alp.”
Order II.-Trochaic Verse, In trochaic verse, the stress is laid on the odd sylla bles, and the even ones are short. Single-rhymed trochaic omits the final short syllable, that it may end with a long one. This kind of verse is the same as iambic would be without the initial short syllable. Tambics and trochaics often occur in the same poem.
Measure 1st.—Trochaic of Eight Feet, or Octometer : “Once upl-on a | midnight | dreary, | while I | pondered, I weak and
weary, Over | māný å I quaint and cūržous | volume of for|-gotten | lore, While I | nodded, I nearly | napping, i suddenl-ly there | came a |
tapping, As of | some one / gently | rapping, | rapping | at my | chamber
| door.” Measure 2d.-Trochaic of Seven Feet, or Heptameter : “Hasten, | Lord, to | rescue | me, and I set me | safe from | trouble ; Shame thou | those who I seek my | soul, rel-ward their | mischief ! double."
Single Rhyme : “Night and ! morning | were at | meeting | over | Water|-loo; Cocks had / sung their | earliest | greeting ; | faint and I low they |
Measure 3d.-Trochaic of Six Feet, or Hexameter:
Single Rhyme :
Single Rhyme :
Sat a / farmer, 1 ruddy, I fat, and | fair."
Measure 5th.-Trochaic of Four Feet, or Tetrameter :
“Rõund à | hõlý | cālm dif]-fūsing,
Single Rhyme :
Bliss in | vain from earth is | sought.
“Whēn our hearts āre | mourning.”
Single Rhyme :
Stories | plainly | told.”
“Fẵncy | viễwing,
Joys en -suing.”
Sink to | peace.”
Order III.-Anapestic Verse. In anapestic verse the stress is laid on every third syllable. The first foot of an anapestic line may be an iambus. Measure 1st. —Anapestic of Four Feet, or Tetrameter : “At thể close 1 of thể dāy, | when the hām | lět is still, And mor|-tals the sweets of forget|-fulness prove.”
Hypermeter with Double Rhyme :
Hypermeter with Triple Rhyme :
“I am mon|-rch of all | I sŭrvēy ;
My right | there is none | to dispute."
Measure 30.-Anapestic of Two Feet, or Dimeter :
“ When I look | on my boys,
They renew | all my joys."
“ On the lānd
Order IV.-Dactylic Verse. In pure dactylic verse the stress is laid on the first syl. lable of each successive three ; that is, on the first, the fourth, the seventh, the tenth syllable, etc. Full dactylic generally forms triple rhyme. When one of the final short syllables is omitted, the rhyme is double ; when both are omitted, single. Dactylic with single rhyme is the same as anapestic would be without its initial short syllables. Dactylic measure is rather uncommon, and is seldom perfectly regular.
Measure 1st.—Dactylic of Eight Feet, or Octometer : “Nimród the | hūntèr wás | mighty In | hūnting, ănd | fūmed as the |
rūlěr of cīties of | yöre; Babel, and | Erech, and | Accad, and | Calneh, from | Shinar’s fair |
region his name afar | bore.”
Measure 2d. -Dactylic of Seven Feet, or Heptameter : “Out of the kingdom of Christ shall be / gathered, by / angels o'er|
Satan vicl-torious, All that of |-fendeth, that ! lieth, that I faileth to | honor his name ever | glorious."
Measure 3d.-Dactylic of Six Feet, or Hexameter : “ Time, thou art | ever in | motion, on | wheels of the days, years, and
| ages ; Restless as I waves of the ocean, when | Eurus or | Boreas / rages.”
Example without Rhyme : ** This is the | forest pris-meval; but | where are the | hearts that bel
neath it Leap'd like the | roe, when he hears in the woodland the voice of the | huntsman ?”
Measure 4th.—Dactylic of Five Feet, or Pentameter: “Now thou dost | welcome me, I welcome me, I from the dark / sea,
Land of the | beautiful, | beautiful | land of the | free."
Measure 5th.—Dactylic of Four Feet, or Tetrameter:
All thăt your | būsý påte | hõarděd wịth | căre;
Charge you with | churlishness, I spurning your | pray’r.”
“Ever sừng | mẹrrily, | mỹrrily.”
“ Frēe frèm siltiếtỹ,
Care, and anxiety,
Fall to his / share.”
Exercises in Scanning. Divide the following verses into the feet which compose them, and dis tinguish by marks the long and the short syllables.
And all immensity of space thy presence fills:
On her brows a garland, twin'd with richest posies :
Dishonors that goodness which seeks to restore ;
Drawn from the fountain of mercy and love ;
Rising unearthly, and soaring above.-G. Brown.
Innumerable. As when the potent rod
With the sweetest odors of the spring,
DIVINE POWER. When the winds o'er Gennesaret roar'd,
And the billows tremendously rose,
Come from the den of the lion;
Remember thy God :
Meek as the dove,
Daughter of love I-G. Brown.