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lubjects, sufficiently beyond the intimacy of the populace to excite their curiosity. The showman commonly details so much concerning every thing in his grand exhibition, and so elevates each, as to interest his auditors to the height of desiring further particulars. The stories are printed separately in the shape of ballads or garlands, and "embellished with cuts;" by the sale of these to his auditors he obtains the reward of his oratory.
The qualifications for a German showman are a manly person, sonorous voice, fluent delivery, and imposing manner. In dress he if line a sergeant-major, and in address like a person accustomed to command He is accompanied in his speeches by a fiddler of vivacity or trick, to keep the people "in inerry pin." This associate is generally an old humourist, with a false nose of strange form and large dimensions, or a huge pair of spectacles. Their united exertions are sure to gratify audiences more disposed to be pleased than to criticise. With them, the show is an affair of like or dislike to the eye, and beyond that the judgment is seldom appealed to on the spot. If the outlines of the showman's stories are bold, and well expressed, they are sure to amuse; his printed narratives are in good demand; both exhibitors and auditors part satisfied with each other; and they frequently meet again. This is the lowest order of the continental stieet comedy. In England we have not any thing like it, nor are we likely to have; for, though strange sights almost cease to attract, yet the manager and musician to a ratinnal exhibition of this sort, in the open air, clearly come within the purview of recent acts of parliament, and would be consigned to the tread-mill. What recreation, however, can be more harndess if the subjects are harmless. "Death and the Lady," the " Bloody Gardener's Cruelty," and the numerous tribe of stories to which these garlands belong, cir.tinue to he pinned hi lines against a few walls of the meropolis, but they cease to attract. The
common people," as they are called, require a new species of street entertainment and a new literature: both might be easily supplied with infinite advantage to ■J e public morals.
N . Uralists' Calendar.
An appearance at this time of the year, already noticed, appears to have surprised our countrymen in Lancashire. Though there is no doubt that the authorities who communicate the intelligence believe it very remarkable, yet it is doubtful whether the occurrence may not be more frequent in that part of England than they have had the opportunity of remarking. Their account is to the following purport:—
On Sunday, October 1, 1826, a phenomenon of rare occurrence in the neighbourhood of Liverpool was observed in that vicinage, and for many miles distant especially at Wigan. The fields and roads were covered with a light filmy substance, which by many persons was mistaken for cotton; although they might have been convinced of their error, as staple cotton doe? not exceed a few inches in length, while the fiaments seen in such incredible quantities extended as many yards. In walking in the fields the shoes were completely covered with it. and its floating fibres came in contact with the face in all directions. Every tree, lamppost, or other projecting body had arrested a portion of it. It profusely descended at Wigan like a sleet, and in such quantities as to affect the appearance of the atmosphere. On examination it was found to contain small flies, some of which were so diminutive as to require •■ magnifying glass to render them perc , lible. The substance so abundant Mi quantity was the gotsamer of the garden, or field spider, often met with in the country in fine weather, and of which, according to Buffon, it would take 663,552 spiders to produce a single pound.*
Naturalists' Cai.fndar. Mean Temperature ... 58 . 45.
A Lying-in Custom.
A lady who is pleased to giace these columns by her per., 'ransmits a very minute description of a very " comfortable thing" at this time ot ."ie year, which may well be extended from a particular usage at an inteitsting |>enod, to a general one.
* Jivrrnool Mercury. Sir The TimTM, October 9.
Sugared Toast. To the Editor of ths Evcry-Day Book. If'estbury, Stptember 10,1826. Sir,—I suspect that although you solicit the aid of correspondents in furnishing jour excellent miscellany with accounts of iocal customs, you scarcely expect to ■ eceive one which appertains to that important time, when mothers increase their care, and fathers receive the additional "tender juveniles" with joy or sorrow, "as it may happen!" If you should give publicity to the following strange "feast," (more honoured in the breach than in the observance,) I shall feel gratified, as it may not only lead to an elucidation of its meaning and origin, but will tend to convince your readers, that you will not despise their efforts at contribution, however humble. I am not a native of this purl of the country, or, as the good people say here, I am not " one o' Westbury,' for I have resided till lately in and near London, where the manners customs, and habits, are a hundred years in advance of those of the western part of the kingdom; hence, many of the usages that obtain around us, which now excite my sin prise, would have passed as a thing of course, had I been always among them.
On the " confinement'" of a lady,—but I must, before I proceed, define a lady "of these parts,'' by the unerring it*t of her husband's qualifications: if he can maintain his own, and her station in their little world, he is then " well to do,"— "a rich fellow enough, go to —a fellow that hath had losses, and which is more, a householder; one who hath two gowns to his back, and every thing handsome about him ;"—one who recreates in his own gig; keeps a "main" of company; patronises the tiny theatre; grows his own pines, and tries to coax his forced plants into the belief that the three dozen mould candles which he orders to be lighted in his hot-house every evening, are "shedding delicious light," left by the " garish god of day,'' for their especial benefit, during his nocturnal rambles !* The wife of such a man, sir, I designate a lady and when such a lady's accouchement takes place, her "dear five hundred friends" are admitted to sec her the next day. In London, the scale of friendship is graduated woefully lower; for visiters
• A ficl!
there, bear the pangs of absence from the interesting recluse a whole fortnight.
You are, doubtless, anxious to come to the " pilh and marrow'' of this communication, and I will tantalize you no longer. In "these" parts of the country, it is the custom, when a lady shall have been " as well as can be expected,'' for thirteen or fourteen days, for the husband to enjoy what is called "the gentleman's party," viz: all his friends, bachelor and Binedict, are invited to eat "sugared toast," which, (as the cookerybooks always say,) " is thus prepared"— Rounds of bread are " baked," (videlicit toasted,) each stratum spread thick with moist sugar, and piled up in a portly punch bowl, ready for action: "strong beer," (anglice, home-brewed ale,) is in the mean time heated, and poured boiling hot over the mound of bread; which is taken immediately to the expictant guests, who quickly come to the conclusion oi the goihic "mess.'' How they contrive to emancipate the toast from the scalding liquid, I never could, by any effort of ingenuity and research, decide to my own satisfaction. A goodly slice you know, sir, it would be entirely impracticable to achieve; for in half a minute from the time of the admission of the "hot beer,'' the toast must be "all of a swam," (as we elegantly say here,) and, resembling the contents of the witch's cauldron, "thick and slab." Whether a soup ladle and soup plates are in requisition on the occasion, I am equally unable to ascertain; but on they?/i«/ dismissal of this gentlemanly food, (for I by no means would insinuate that the congregation is limited to one act of devotion,) they magnanimously remunerate the "nurse," by oath putting money into the empty bowl, which is then conveyed to the priestess of their ignoble orgies! Of all the " mean and impotent conclusions" of a feast, defend me from that, which pays its "pic nic" pittance to an old crone, who is hired to attend the behests of the "1 dy," but who by some strange mutation becomes the directress of the " gentleman's" revels, and the recipient of the payment from his guests, for " svgar'd toast!''
Should this "custom," be thought worthy of being admitted into the EveryDuy Hook, you will " tell" of something more than Ilerrick "dreamt of in his philosophy;" and the following couplet might " blush to find its fame" among his descriptive lines tliat adorn your titlepage; afier
"Bridegrooms,bride*,and of their bridal cakes,'
"I tell of times when husbands rule the roast, And riot in the joys of ' sugar'd toast,' I tell of groves, &c."
I am, Sir,
Yours very respectfully,
Naturalists' Calendar. Mean Temperature .... 50 ■ 60.
Death Of The Lottery.
If any thing can be believed that is said by the lottery people respecting the lottery, before the appearance of the next sheet of the Every-Day Book the lottery will be at an end for ever.
Particulars respecting the last moments of this " unfortunate malefactor," will be very acceptable if transmitted immediately; and in order to an account of lotteries in the ensuing sheet, information and anecdotes respecting them are most earnestly desired.
Forced Notes In Shop Windows.
A newspaper of this day in the year 1818, contains a paragraph which marks the discontent that prevailed in London, in consequence of a regulation adopted by the Bank of England at that time.
"The new mode adopted by the Bank, of stamping the forged notes presented to them for payment, and returning them to the parties who may have received them, has at least the good effect of operating as a caution to others, not to receive notes without the greatest caution. It has, however, another effect often productive of public inconvenience ; for such are the doubts now entertained as to the goodness of every note tendered in payment, that many will not give change at all; and the disposition to adhere to this practice seems every day to be getting more general. In almost every street in town, forged notes are seen posted on tradesmen's windows, and not unfrequently this exhibition is accompanied with the words 'Tradesmen! beware of changing notes.' The operation of stamping the forged
notes, was at first performed by the hand, but now so arduous has this labour become, that a machine is erected for the purpose, and it would seem from the never-ceasing quantity of such paper in circulation, that it will be necessary to erect a steam-engine, so that hundreds may undergo the operation at once.'**
NATURALISTS CAM!. DA It.
Mean Temperature ... 51 • :}2.
"Garrick was, and KemMe is no more."
On this day in the year 1741, the "British Roscius," as he is emphatically termed, made his first appearance as " a gentleman who never appeared on any stage.'' A remarkable event, precursing the revival of the drama, by Garrick, and its perfection by Kemble, deserves notice as a memorial of what " has been:" particularly as we have arrived at a period when, in consequence of managers having been outmanaged, and the public tricked out of its senses, the drama seems to have fallen to rise no more
Leadenhall-street, October, 1826.
Sir—The following is a copy of the play-bill that announced the first appearance of Mr. Ganick.
1 am, Sir, yours truly,
October 19, 1741. Goodman's Fields. At the late Theatre in Goodman's Fields, this day will be performed a Concert of Vocal and Instrumental Music, divided into two parts. Tickets at Three, Two, and One Shilling. Places for the boxes to be taken at the Fleece Tavern, near the Theatre.
N.B. Between the two parts of the Concert will be presented an Histoiic.il Play, called the Life and Death of Kino Richard The Third, containing the distresses of King Henry VI. The artful acquisition of the Crown by Kino Richard,
ITie murder of the young King Edward V.
and his brother, in the Tower. The landing of the Earl of Richmond, And the death of King Richard in the memorable battle of Bosworth Field, oeing the last that was fought between the Houses of York and Lancaster. With many other true historical passages. The part of Kino Richard by a Gentleman.
(Who never appeared on any ttage.) King Henry, by Mr. GirTard; Richmond, Mr. Marshall; Prince Edward, by MissHippisley ;Duke of York, Miss Naylor ; Duke of Buckingham, Mr. Peterson; Duke of Norfolk, Mr.'Blades ; Lord Stanley, Mr. Pagett; Oxford, Mr. Vaughan; Tressel, Mr. W. GirTard; Catesby, Mr. Marr; Ratcliff, Mr. Crofts; Blunt, Mr. Naylor; Tyrrell, Mr. Puttenham; Lord Mayor, Mr. Dunstall; The Queen, Mrs. Steel; Duchess of York, Mrs. Yates; And the part of Lady Anne, By Mrs. Giffard. With Entertainments of Dancing By Mons. Fromet, Madam Duvall, and the two Masters and Miss Granier. To which will be added a Ballac Opera of one act, called The Virgin Unmask'd. The part of Lucy by Miss Hippisley. Both of which will be performed gratis oy persons for their diverson. The Concert will begin exactly at six
Naturalists' Calendar. Mean Temperature ... 51 • 10.
Wrestling. A writer in a journal of this month, 1826,* gives the following account of several wrestling matches between men of Devonshire and Cornwall, on the 19th 20th and 21st of September preceding, »t the Eagle-tavern-green, City-road. He says, " the difference in the style of wrestling of these two neighbouring shires, is as remarkable as that of the lineaments of their inhabitants. The florid chubbyfaced Devon-man is all life and activity in the ring, holdiug himself erect, and offering every advantage to hi* opponent. The sallow sharp-featured Cornwall-man is all caution and resistance, bending
* The London Magazfnr.
himself in such a way, that his legs are inaccessible to his opponent, and waiting for the critical instant, when he can spring in upon his impatient adversary."
The account of the matches at the Eagle-tavern then proceeds in the following manner:—
The contest Between Abraham Cann and Warren, not only displayed this difference of style, but was attended with a degree of suspense between skill and strength, that rendered it extremely interesting.—The former, who is the son of a Devonshire farmer, has been backed against any man in England for 500/. His figure is of the finest athletic proportions, and his arm realizes the muscularity of ancient specimens: his force in it is surprising ; his hold is like that of a vice, and with ease he can pinion the arms of the strongest adversary, if he once grips them, and keep them as close together, or as far asunder, as he chooses. He stands with his legs apart, his body quite upright, looking down good humouredly on his crouching opponent.—In this instance, his opponent Warren, a miner, was a man of superior size, and of amazing strength, not so well distributed however, throughout his frame; his arms and body being too lengthy in proportion to their bulk. His visage was harsh beyond measure, and he did not disdain to use a little craft with eye and hand, in order to distract his adversary's attention. But he had to deal with a man as collected a.i ever entered the ring. Cann put in his hand as quietly as if he were going to seize a shy horse, and at length caught a slight hold between finger and thumb of Warren's sleeve. At this, Warren flung away with the impetuosity of a surprised horse. But it was in vain; there was no escape from Cann's pinch, so the miner seized his adversary in his turn, and at length both of them grappled each other by the arm and breast of the jacket. In a trice Cann tripped his opponent with the toe in a most scientific but ineffectual manner, throwing him clean to the ground, but not on his back, as required. The second heat began similarly, Warren stooped more, so as to keep his legs out of Cann's reach, who punished him for it by several Vic«.s below the knee, which must have told severely if his shoes had been on, according to his county's fashion. They shook each other rudely—strained knee to knee—forced each other's shoulders down, so as to overbalance the body —but all ineffectually.—They seemed to be quite secure from each other's efforts, as long as they but held by the arm and breast-collar, as ordinary wrestlers do. A new grip was to be effected. Cann liberated one arm of his adversary to seize him by the cape behind : at that instant Warren, profiting by his inclined posture, and his long <ums, threw himself round the body of the Devon champion, and fairly lifted him a foot from the ground, clutching him in his arms with the grasp of a second Anteeus—The Cornish men shouted aloud, "Well done, Warren!" to their hero, whose naturally pale visage glowed with the hope of success. He seemed to have his opponent at his will, and to be fit to Hing him, as Hercules flung Lycas, any how he pleased. Devonshire then trembled for its champion, and was mute. Indeed it was a moment of heart-quaking suspense.—But Cann was not daunted; his countenance expressed anxiety, but not discomfiture. He was off terra-firma, clasped in the embrace of a powerful man, who waited but a single struggle of his, to pitch him more effectually from him to the ground.— Without straining lo disengage himself, Cann with unimaginable dexterity glued his back firmly to his opponent's chest, lacing his feet tound the other's kneejoints, and throwing one arm backward over Warren's shoulder, so as to keep his own enormous shoulders pressed upon the breast of his uplifter. In this position they stood at least twenty seconds, eacn labouring in one continuous strain, to bend the other, one backwards, the other forwards.—Such a struggle could not last. Warren, with the weight of the other upcr: his stomach and chest, and an inconceivable stress upon his spine, felt nis balance almost gone, as the energetic movements of his countenance indicated. — His feet too were motionless by the coil of his adversary's legs round his ; so to save himself from falling backwards, he stiffened his whole body from the ankles upwards, and these last being the only liberated joints, he inclined forwards from them, so as to project both bodies, and prostrate them in one column to the ground together.—It was like the slow and poising fall of an undermined tower. —You had time to contemplate the injury which Cann the undermost would sustain if they fell in that solid, unbending posture to the earth. But Cann ceased bearing upon the spine as soon as
he found his supporter going hi an adverse direction. With a presence of mind unrateable, he relaxed his strain upon one of his adversary's stretched legs, forcing the other outwards with all the might ol his foot, and piessing his elbow upon, the opposite shoulder. This was sufficient to whisk his man undermost the instant he unstitTened his knee—which Wanen d.d not do until more than half way to the ground, when from the acquired rapidity of the falling bodies nothing was discernible.—At the end of the fall, Warren was seen spinwling on his back, and Cann whom he had liberated to save himself, had been thrown a few yards off on allfours. Of course the victory should have been adjudged to this last. When the partial referree was appealed to, he decided, that it was not a fair fall, as only one shoulder had bulged the ground, though there was evidence on the back of Warren that both had touched it pretty rudely.—After much debating a new referree was appointed, and the old one expelled; when the candidates again entered the lists. The crowning beauty of the whole was, that the second fall was precisely a counterpart of the other. Warren made the same move, only lifting his antagonist higher, with a view to throw the upper part of his frame out of play. Cann turned himself exactly in the same manner using much greater effort than before, and apparently more put to it, by his opponent's great strength. His share, however, !n upsetting his supporter was greater this time, as he relaxed one leg much sooner, and adhered closci to the chest during the fall; for at the close he was seen uppermost, still coiled round his supine adversary, who admitted the fall, starting up, and offering his hand to the victor. He is a good wrestler too —so good, that we much question the authority of " The Times," for saying that he is not one of the crack wrestlers of Cornwall —From his amazing strength, with common skill he should be a firstrate man at this play, but his skill is much greater than his counti ymen seemed inclined to admit.—Certain it is, they destined him the first prize, anil had Cann not come up to save the honour of his county, for that was his only inducement, the four prizes, by judiciously matching the candidates, would no doubt havt been given to natives of Cornwall.