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ACT OF 1913

ACT OF 1922

[No corresponding provision in act of 1913.)

And provided further, That the several charges against the bonds of any smelting warehouse established under the provisions of this section may be canceled upon the exportation or transfer to a bonded manufacturing warehouse from any other bonded smelting warehouse established under this section of a quantity of the same kind of metal, in excess of that covered by open bonds, equal to the amount of metal producible from the smelting or refining, or both, of the dutiable metal contained in the imported ores and crude metals, due allowance being made of the smelter wastage as ascertained from time to time by the Secretary of the Treasury.

ACT OF 1930

SEC. 313. DRAWBACK AND REFUNDS.

(a) ARTICLES MADE FROM IMPORTED MERCHANDISE.-Upon the exportation of articles manufactured or produced in the United States with the use of imported merchandise, the full amount of the duties paid upon the merchandise so used shall be refunded as drawback, less 1 per centum of such duties, except that şuch duties shall not be so refunded upon the exportation of flour or by-products produced from wheat imported after ninety days after the date of the enactment of this Act. Where two or more products result from the manipulation of imported merchandise, the drawback shall be distributed to the several products in accordance with their relative values at the time of separation.

ACT OF 1913

ACT OF 1922

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SEC. IV.

SEC. 313. That upon the exportation of articles 0. That upon the exportation of articles manu manufactured or produced in the United States factured or produced in the United States by the with the use of imported merchandise, the full use of imported merchandise or materials upon amount of the duties paid upon the merchandise so which customs duties have been paid, the full used shall be refunded as drawback, less 1 per amount of such duties paid upon the quantity of centum of such duties, except that such duties shall materials used in the manufacture or production not be so refunded upon the exportation of flour or of the exported product shall be refunded as draw. by-products produced from imported wheat unless back, less 1 per centum of such duties: Provided, an amount of wheat grown in the United States That where a principal product and a by-product equal to not less than 30 per centum of the amount result from the manipulation of imported material of such imported wheat has been mixed with such and only the by-product is exported, the proportion imported wheat. Where two or more products reof the drawback distributed to such by-product sult from the manipulation of imported merchanshall not exceed the duty assessable under this Act dise, the drawback shall be distributed to the sev. on a similar by-product of foreign origin if imported eral products in accordance with their relative into the United States. Where no duty is assessable values ai the time of separation. When the articles upon the importation of a corresponding by-product exported are manufactured or produced in part from no drawback shall be payable on such by-product domestic materials, the imported merchandise shall produced from the imported material; if, however, so appear in the completed articles that the quan. the principal product is exported, then on the ex tity or measure thereof may be ascertained. The portation thereof there shall be refunded as draw draw back on any article allowed under existing law back the whole of the duty paid on the imported shall be continued at the rate herein provided. material used in the production of both the principal and the by-product, less 1 per cent, as hereinbefore provided: Provided further, That when the articles exported are manufactured in part from domestic materials, the imported mate or the parts of the articles manufactured from such materials, shall so appear in the completed articles that the quantity or measure thereof may be ascertained: And provided further, That the drawback on any article allowed under existing law shall be continued at the rate herein provided.

(b) SUBSTITUTION FOR DRAWBACK PURPOSES.—If imported duty-paid sugar or non-ferrous metal, or ore containing non-ferrous metal, and duty free or domestic merchandise of the same kind and quality are used in the manufacture or production of articles within a period not to exceed one year from the receipt of such imported merchandise by the manufacturer or producer of such articles, there shall be allowed upon the exportation (or shipment to the Philippine Islands) of any such articles, notwithstanding the fact that none of the imported merchandise may actually have been used in the manufacture or production of the exported articles, an amount of drawback equal to that which would have been allowable had the sugar or non-ferrous metal, or ore containing non-ferrous metal, used therein been imported; but the total amount of draw back allowed upon the exportation of such articles, together with the total amount of drawback allowed in respect of such imported merchandise under any other provision of law, shall not exceed 99 per centum of the duty paid on such imported merchandise. [No corresponding provision in act of 1913.]

[No corresponding provision in act of 1922.] (c) MERCHANDISE NOT CONFORMING TO SAMPLE OR SPECIFICATIONS.-Upon the exportation of merchandise not conforming to sample or specifications upon which the duties have been paid and which have been entered or withdrawn for consumption and, within thirty days after release from customs custody, returned to customs custody for exportation, the full amount of the duties paid upon such merchandise shall be refunded as drawback, less 1 per centum of such duties. [No corresponding provision in act of 1913.)

[No corresponding provision in act of 1922.)

ACT OF 1930

(d) FLAVORING EXTRACTS AND MEDICINAL OR TOILET PREPARATIONS.—Upon the exportation of flavoring extracts, medicinal or toilet preparations (including perfumery) manufactured or produced in the United States in part from domestic alcohol on which an internal-revenue tax has been paid, there shall be allowed a drawback equal in amount to the tax found to have been paid on the alcohol so used.

ACT OF 1913

ACT OF 1922

That on the exportation of flavoring extracts, On the exportation of flavoring extracts, medicinal medicinal or toilet preparations (including per- or toilet preparations (including perfumery) herefumery) hereafter manufactured or produced in the after manufactured or produced in the United United States in part from domestic alcohol on States in part from domestic alcohol on which an which an internal-revenue tax has been paid, there internal-revenue tax has been paid, there shall be shall be allowed a drawback equal in amount to allowed a drawback equal in amount to the tax the tax found to have been paid on the alcohol so found to have been paid on the alcohol so used. used: Provided, That no other than domestic tax- Such drawback shall be determined and paid paid alcohol shall have been used in the manu- under such rules and regulations, and upon the facture or production of such preparations. Such filing of such notices, bonds, bills of lading, and drawback shall be determined and paid under such other evidence of payment of tax and exportation, rules and regulations, and upon the filing of such as the Secretary of the Treasury shall prescribe. notices, bonds, bills of lading, and other evidence of payment of tax and exportation, as the Secretary of the Treasury shall prescribe.

(e) IMPORTED SALT FOR CURING FISH.-Imported salt in bond may be used in curing fish taken by vessels licensed to engage in the fisheries, and in curing fish on the shores of the navigable waters of the United States, whether such fish are taken by licensed or unlicensed vessels, and upon proof that the salt has been used for either to such purposes, the duties on the same shall be remitted. (No corresponding provision in act of 1913.)

Provided, That imported salt in bond may be used in curing fish taken by vessels licensed to engage in the fisheries and in curing fish on the shores of the navigable waters of the United States, under such regulations as the Secretary of the Treasury shall prescribe; and upon proof that the salt has been used for either of the purposes stated in this proviso, the duties on the same shall be

remitted: (1) EXPORTATION OF MEATS CURED WITH IMPORTED SALT.-Upon the exportation of meats, whether packed or smoked, which have been cured in the United States with imported salt, there shall be refunded, upon satisfactory proof that such meats have been cured with imported salt, the duties paid on the salt so used in curing such exported meats, in amounts not less than $100. (No corresponding provision in act of 1913.) Provided further, That upon the exportation of

meats, whether packed or smoked, which have been cured in the United States with imported salt, there shall be refunded from the Treasury, upon satisfactory proof, under such regulations as the Secretary of the Treasury shall prescribe, that such meats have been cured with imported salt, the duties paid on the salt so used in curing such

exported meats, in amounts not less than $100. (g) MATERIALS FOR CONSTRUCTION AND EQUIPMENT OF VESSELS BUILT FOR FOREIGNERS.—The provisions of this section shall apply to materials imported and used in the construction and equipment of vessels built for foreign account and ownership, or for the government of any foreign country, notwithstanding that such vessels may not within the strict meaning of the term be articles exported.

That the provisions of this section shall apply to The provisions of this section shall apply to materials used in the construction and equipment materials imported and used in the construction of vessels built for foreign account and ownership, and equipment of vessels built for foreign account or for the government of any foreign country, not- and ownership, or for the Government of any forwithstanding that such vessels may not within the eign country, notwithstanding that such vessels strict meaning of the term be articles exported. may not within the strict meaning of the term be

articles exported. (h) TIME LIMITATION ON EXPORTATION.-No drawback shall be allowed under the provisions of this section or of section 6 of the Act entitled "An Act temporarily to provide revenue for the Philippine Islands, and for other purposes," approved March 8, 1902 (relating to draw back on shipments to the Philippine Islands), unless the completed article is exported, or shipped to the Philippine Islands, within three years after importation of the imported merchandise. [No corresponding provision in act of 1913.]

[No corresponding provision in act of 1922.) (i) REGULATIONS.— The Secretary of the Treasury is authorized to prescribe regulations governing (1) the identification of imported merchandise used in the manufacture or production of articles entitled to drawback of customs duties, the ascertainment of the quantity of such merchandise used, of the time when such merchandise was received by the manufacturer or producer of the exported articles, and of the amount of duties paid thereon, the determination of the facts of the manufacture or production of such articles in the United States and their exportation therefrom, the time within which drawback entries on such articles shall be filed and completed, to entitle such articles to drawback, and the payment of drawback due thereon; (2) the identification of merchandise withdrawn for consumption and returned to customs custody, for exportation, the determination of the facts of nonconformity thereof to sample or specifications and of exportation thereof from the United States, and the payment of the drawback due thereon; (3) the determination and payment of drawback of internal-revenue tax on domestic alcohol, including the requirement of such notices, bonds, bills of lading, and other evidence of payment of tax and exportation as the Secretary of the Treasury deems necessary; (4) the remission of duties on imported salt used in curing fish, including the production of proof that the salt has been so used; and (5) the refunding of duties paid upon imported salt used in curing exported meats, including the production of proof that the salt has been so used; and designating the person to whom refund or payment of drawback shall be made.

ACT OF 1922

ACT OF 1913

That the imported materials used in the manufacture or production of articles entitled to drawback of customs duties when exported shall, in all cases where drawback of duties paid on such materials is claimed, be identified, the quantity of such materials used and the amount of duties paid thereon shall be ascertained, the facts of the manufacture or production of such articles in the United States and their exportation therefrom shall be determined, and the drawback due thereon shall be paid to the manufacturer, producer, or exporter, to the agent of either or to the person to whom such manufacturer, producer, exporter, or agent shall in writing order such drawback paid, under such regulations as the Secretary of the Treasury shall prescribe.

The imported merchandise used in the manufacture or production of articles entitled to drawback of customs duties when exported shall, in all cases where drawback of duties paid on such merchandise is claimed, be identified, the quantity of such merchandise used and the amount of duties paid thereon shall be ascertained, the facts of the manufacture or production of such articles in the United States and their portation therefrom shall be determined, and the drawback due thereon shall be paid to the manufacturer, producer, or exporter, the agent of either, or to the person to whom such manufacturer, producer, exporter, or agent shall in writing order such drawback paid, under such regulations as the Secretary of the Treasury shall prescribe.

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ACT OF 1930

(j) SOURCE OF PAYMENT.-Any drawback of duties that may be authorized under the provisions of this Act shall be paid from the customs receipts of Porto Rico, if the duties were originally paid into the Treasury of Porto Rico. [No corresponding provision in act of 1913.)

[No corresponding provision in act of 1922.)

ACT OF 1930

SEC. 314. REIMPORTATION OF TAX-FREE EXPORTS.

Upon the reimportation of articles once exported, of the growth, product, or manufacture of the United States, upon which no internal tax has been assessed or paid, or upon which such tax has been paid and refunded by allowance or drawback, there shall be levied, collected, and paid a duty equal to the tax imposed upon such articles by the internal revenue laws at the time of reimportation, except articles manufactured in bonded warehouses and exported pursuant to law, which shall be subject to the same rate of duty as if originally imported, but proof of the identity of such articles shall be made under regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury.

ACT OF 1913

ACT OF 1922

SEC. IV.

Sec. 314. That upon the reimportation of articles P. That upon the reimportation of articles once once exported, of the growth, product, or manufacexported, of the growth, product, or manufacture ture of the United States, upon which no internal of the United States, upon which no internal tax tax has been assessed or paid, or upon which such has been assessed or paid, or upon which such tax tax has been paid and refunded by allowance or has been paid and refunded by allowance or draw- drawback, there shall be levied, collected, and back, there shall be levied, collected, and paid a duty paid a duty equal to the tax imposed by the internal equal to the tax imposed by the internal reve- revenue laws upon such articles, except articles nue laws upon such articles, except articles manu- manufactured in bonded warehouses and exported factured in bonded warehouses and exported pur- pursuant to law, which shall be subject to the same suant to law, which shall be subject to the same rate rate of duty as if originally imported, but proof of of duty as is originally imported, but proof of the the identity of such articles shall be made under identity of such articles shall be made under general general regulations to be prescribed by the Secreregulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of the tary of the Treasury. Treasury.

ACT OF 1930

SEC. 315. EFFECTIVE DATE OF RATES OF DUTY.

On and after the day when this Act shall go into effect all goods, wares, and merchandise previously im. ported, for which no entry has been made, and all goods, wares, and merchandise previously entered without payment of duty and under bond for warehousing, transportation, or any other purpose, for which no permit of delivery to the importer or his agent has been issued, shall be subjected to the duties imposed by this Act and to no other duty upon the entry or the withdrawal thereof: Prorided, That when duties are based upon the weight of merchandise deposited in any public or private bonded warehouse, said duties shall, except as provided in section 562 of this Act (relating to manipulating warehouses), be levied and collected upon the weight of such merchandise at the time of its entry.

ACT OF 1913

ACT OF 1922

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SEC. IV.

Q. That on and after the day when this Act shall go into effect all goods, wares, and merchandise previously imported, for which no entry has been made, and all goods, wares, and merchandise previously entered without payment of duty and under bond for warehousing, transportation, or any other purpose, for which no permit of delivery to the importer or his agent has been issued, shall be subjected to the duties imposed by this Act and to no other duty, upon the entry or the withdrawal thereof: Provided, That when duties are based upon the weight of merchandise deposited in any public or private bonded warehouse, said duties shall be levied and collected upon the weight of such merchandise at the time of its entry.

SEC. 319. That on and after the day when this Act shall go into effect all goods, wares, and merchandise previously imported, for which no entry has been made, and all goods, wares, and merchandise previously entered without payment of duty and under bond for warehousing, transportation, or any other purpose, for which no permit of delivery to the importer or his agent has been issued, shall be subjected to the duties imposed by this Act and to no other duty upon the entry or the withdrawal thereof: Provided, That when duties are based upon the weight of merchandise deposited in any public or private bonded warehouse, said duties shall be levied and collected upon the weight of such merchandise at the time of its entry.

ACT OF 1930

SEC. 316. CUBAN RECIPROCITY TREATY NOT AFFECTED.

Nothing in this Act shall be construed to abrogate or in any manner impair or affect the provisions of the treaty of commercial reciprocity concluded between the United States and the Republic of Cuba on December 11, 1902, or the provisions of the Act of December 17, 1903, chapter 1. 1a

ACT OF 1930

ACT OF 1922

SEC. IV.

SEC. 320. That nothing in this Act shall be conB. That nothing in this Act contained shall be so strued to abrogate or in any manner impair or affect construed as to abrogate or in any manner impair or the provisions of the treaty of commercial reciprocity affect the provisions of the treaty of commerical concluded between the United States and the Rereciprocity concluded between the United States public of Cuba on December 11, 1902, or the proviand the Republic of Cuba on the eleventh day of sions of the Act of December 17, 1903, chapter 1. December, nineteen hundred and two, or the provisions of the Act of Congress heretofore passed for the execution of the same except as to the proviso of article eight of said treaty, which proviso is hereby abrogated and repealed.

ACT OF 1930

SEC. 317. TOBACCO PRODUCTS-EXPORTATION FREE OF DUTY OR INTERNAL-REVENUE

ΤΑΧ. . The shipment or delivery of manufactured tobacco, snuff, cigars, or cigarettes, for consumption beyond the jurisdiction of the internal-revenue laws of the United States, as defined by section 3448 of the Revised Statutes, shall be deemed exportation within the meaning of the customs and internal-revenue laws applicable to the exportation of such articles without payment of duty or internal-revenue tax.

ACT OF 1913

ACT OF 1922

[No corresponding provision.]

(No corresponding provision.)

ACT OF 1930 SEC. 318. EMERGENCIES.

Whenever the President shall by proclamation declare an emergency to exist by reason of a state of war, or otherwise, he may authorize the Secretary of the Treasury to extend during the continuance of such emergency the time herein prescribed for the performance of any act, and may authorize the Secretary of the Treasury to permit, under such regulations as the Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe, the importation free of duty of food, clothing, and medical, surgical, and other supplies for use in emergency relief work. The Secretary of the Treasury sha report to the Congress any action taken un the provisions of this section.

ACT OF 1913

ACT OF 1922

[No corresponding provision.]

SEC. 622. EMERGENCY OF WAR.-Whenever the President shall by proclamation declare an emergency to exist by reason of a state of war, or otherwise, he may authorize the Secretary of the Treasury to extend during the continuance of such emergency the time herein prescribed for the performance of any act.

ACT OF 1930
SEC. 319. DUTY ON COFFEE IMPORTED INTO PORTO RICO.

The Legislature of Porto Rico is hereby empowered to impose tariff duties upon coffee imported into
Porto Rico, including coffee grown in a foreign country coming into Porto Rico from the United States.
Such duties shall be collected and accounted for as now provided by law in the case of duties collected
in Porto Rico.

ACT OF 1913

ACT OF 1922

(No corresponding provision.]

[No corresponding provision.]

ACT OF 1930
SEC. 320. RECIPROCAL AGREEMENTS RELATING TO ADVERTISING MATTER.

With the advice and consent of the President, the Secretary of the Treasury and the Postmaster General, jointly, may, on behalf of the United States, enter into a reciprocal agreement with any foreign country to provide for the entry free of duty in the respective countries of dispatches or shipments through the mails of circulars, folders, pamphlets, books, and cards, in the nature of advertising matter (except such matter as may be printed, manufactured, or produced in a foreign country, advertising the sale of articles by persons carrying on business in the United States or containing announcements relating to the mer. chandise or business of such persons) to individual addresses, and may, in the event any such agreement is entered into, prescribe such rules and regulations as they may deem necessary relating to the customs and postal treatment of such matter in the United States.

ACT OF 1913

ACT OF 1922

[No corresponding provision.]

[No corresponding provision.)

10 See p. 298.

Part II—United States Tariff Commission

ACT OF 1930

SEC. 330. ORGANIZATION OF THE COMMISSION.

(a) MEMBERSHIP.-The United States Tariff Commission (referred to in this title as the “commission") shall be composed of six commissioners to be hereafter appointed by the President by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, but each member now in office shall continue to serve until his successor (as designated by the President at the time of nomination) takes office, but in no event for longer than ninety days after the effective date of this Act. No person shall be eligible for appointment as a commissioner unless he is a citizen of the United States, and, in the judgment of the President, is possessed of qualifications requisite for developing expert knowledge of tariff problems and efficiency in administering the provisions of Part II of this title. Not more than three of the commissioners shall be members of the same political party, and in making appointments members of different political parties shall be appointed alternately as nearly as may be practicable.

(b) TERMS OF OFFICE.-Terms of office of the commissioners first taking office after the date of the enact. ment of this Act, shall expire, as designated by the President at the time of nomination, one at the end of each of the first six years after the date of the enactment of this Act. The term of office of a successor to any such commissioner shall expire six years from the date of the expiration of the term for which his predecessor was appointed, except that any commissioner appointed to fill a vacancy occurring prior to the expiration of the term for which his predecessor was appointed, shall be appointed for the remainder of such term.

(c) CHAIRMAN, VICE CHAIRMAN, AND SALARY.-The President shall annually designate one of the commissioners as chairman and one as vice chairman of the commission. The vice chairman shall act as chairman in case of the absence or disability of the chairman. A majority of the commissioners in office shall constitute a quorum, but the commission may function notwithstanding vacancies. Each commissioner (including members in office on the date of the enactment of this Act) shall receive a salary of $11,000 a year. No commissioner shall actively engage in any other business, vocation, or employment than that of serving as a commissioner.

ACT OF 1913

ACT OF 1922

[No corresponding provisions.) ?

[No corresponding provisions.]

ACT OF 1930 SEC. 331. GENERAL POWERS.

(a) PERSONNEL.–The commission shall appoint a secretary, who shall receive a salary of $7,500 per year, and the commission shall have authority to employ and fix the compensations of such special experts, examiners, clerks, and other employees as the commission may from time to time find necessary for the proper performance of its duties.

(b) APPLICATION OF CIVIL SERVICE LAW.-With the exception of the secretary, a clerk to each commissioner, and such special experts as the commission may from time to time find necessary for the conduct of its work, all employees of the commission shall be appointed from lists of eligibles to be supplied by the Civil Service Commission and in accordance with the civil service law.

(c) EXPENSES.-All of the expenses of the commission, including all necessary expenses for transportation incurred by the commissioners or by their employees under their orders in making any investigation or upon official business in any other places than at their respective headquarters, shall be allowed and paid on the presentation of itemized vouchers therefor approved by the commission.

(d) OFFICES AND SUPPLIES. -Unless otherwise provided by law, the commission may rent suitable offices for its use, and purchase such furniture, equipment, and supplies as may be necessary,

(e) PRINCIPAL OFFICE AT WASHINGTON. -The principal office of the commission shall be in the city of Washington, but it may meet and exercise all its powers at any other place. The commission may, by one or more of its members, or by such agents as it may designate, prosecute any inquiry necessary to its duties in any part of the United States or in any foreign country.

2. The Tariff Commission was created by the Revenue Act of 1916, sections 700–709. The following provisions correspond to section 330 of the Act of 1930:

SEC. 700. That a commission is hereby created and established, to be known as the United States Tariff Commission (hereinafter in this title referred to as the commission), which shall be composed of six members, who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, not more than three of whom shall be members of the same political party. In making said appointments members of different political parties shall alternate as nearly as may be practicable. The first members appointed shall continue in office for terms of two, four, six, eight, ten, and twelve years, respectively, from the date of the passage of this Act, the term of each to be designated by the President, but their successors shall be appointed for terms of twelve years, except that any person chosen to fill a vacancy shall be appointed only for the unexpired term of the member whom he shall succeed. The President shall designate annually the chairman and vice chairman of the commission. No member shall engage actively in any other business, function, or employment. Any member may be removed by the President for inefficiency, neglect of duty, or malfeasance in office. A vacancy shall not impair the right of the remaining members to exercise all the powers of the commission, but no vacancy shall extend beyond any session of Congress.

SEC, 701. That each commissioner shall receive a salary of $7,500 per year, payable monthly.

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