The Environment and Science: Social Impact and Interaction
ABC-CLIO, 2005 - 299 páginas
The Environment and Science: Social Impact and Interaction explores the history of how science investigates nature and how those studies both shape and are shaped by the social attitudes, philosophies, and politics of their times. It follows the changes in perceptions of the natural world and humankind's place in it from the European colonization of North America through the Industrial Revolution and westward expansion, to the rise of the consumer economy and the recent hardening of the ideological battle lines over environmental policy.
Coverage includes the emergence of ecology as a science and conservation as a movement, the long history of conflicts between business interests and environmentalists, and the role of scientific studies in debates over atomic and nuclear power, pesticides, toxic emissions, and other human-made sources of environmental degradation.
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The ability to transform ecology in this way relied partly on ecologists '
development of the ecosystem concept , which ... Ecosystems Coined in 1935 by
Arthur Tansley , " ecosystem " did not immediately mean the same thing to all
ecosystem ” as an alternate term for the community as a superorganism . Tansley
had resisted philosophical claims that ecosystem was merely a new name for a
living community , which he believed brought ecologists no closer to an ...
Like his brother , Howard made significant contributions to the development of
ecosystem ecology . His particular interest in electricity led him to examine the
movement of energy through ecosystems as analogous to the movement of
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