The Environment and Science: Social Impact and Interaction
ABC-CLIO, 2005 - 299 páginas
The Environment and Science: Social Impact and Interaction explores the history of how science investigates nature and how those studies both shape and are shaped by the social attitudes, philosophies, and politics of their times. It follows the changes in perceptions of the natural world and humankind's place in it from the European colonization of North America through the Industrial Revolution and westward expansion, to the rise of the consumer economy and the recent hardening of the ideological battle lines over environmental policy.
Coverage includes the emergence of ecology as a science and conservation as a movement, the long history of conflicts between business interests and environmentalists, and the role of scientific studies in debates over atomic and nuclear power, pesticides, toxic emissions, and other human-made sources of environmental degradation.
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When confronted with the remains of species apparently no longer in existence ,
other naturalists made the assumption that those species had gone extinct due to
some unappreciated whim of God's will , or that those species still existed in ...
Within many of these layers , fossils provided evidence of the living organisms
that existed during the period of that stratum's formation . By comparing fossil
forms from relatively stable strata , naturalists could reconstruct many of the
Even where data from before 1950 existed , researchers could not readily
compare it to more recent data . In the early 1950s , they began measuring
surface water pH levels using an electrical device . Earlier data came from
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