The Environment and Science: Social Impact and Interaction
ABC-CLIO, 2005 - 299 páginas
The Environment and Science: Social Impact and Interaction explores the history of how science investigates nature and how those studies both shape and are shaped by the social attitudes, philosophies, and politics of their times. It follows the changes in perceptions of the natural world and humankind's place in it from the European colonization of North America through the Industrial Revolution and westward expansion, to the rise of the consumer economy and the recent hardening of the ideological battle lines over environmental policy.
Coverage includes the emergence of ecology as a science and conservation as a movement, the long history of conflicts between business interests and environmentalists, and the role of scientific studies in debates over atomic and nuclear power, pesticides, toxic emissions, and other human-made sources of environmental degradation.
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The U.S. Fisheries Commission had to answer to Congress for continued funding
, and , although in 1872 Congress granted $ 8,500 for scientific investigations ,
Baird realized that his agency would have to provide greater service to the ...
Powell's conclusions served as an example of how science could dictate policy ,
and opponents of governmental science believed people and policies should be
served , rather than driven , by scientific knowledge . As a result , many officials ...
Since reductionism also meant specialization and isolation of scientific
disciplines , Commoner believed the appropriate response to the environmental
crisis would involve more collaboration around problems of importance to
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