The Environment and Science: Social Impact and Interaction
ABC-CLIO, 2005 - 299 páginas
The Environment and Science: Social Impact and Interaction explores the history of how science investigates nature and how those studies both shape and are shaped by the social attitudes, philosophies, and politics of their times. It follows the changes in perceptions of the natural world and humankind's place in it from the European colonization of North America through the Industrial Revolution and westward expansion, to the rise of the consumer economy and the recent hardening of the ideological battle lines over environmental policy.
Coverage includes the emergence of ecology as a science and conservation as a movement, the long history of conflicts between business interests and environmentalists, and the role of scientific studies in debates over atomic and nuclear power, pesticides, toxic emissions, and other human-made sources of environmental degradation.
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Understanding the balance of these potential benefits became known as the
study of “ economic ornithology . ” Such an understanding required a closer
examination of multiple species , as Forbes had begun to demonstrate . The
Lacking scientific understanding of the habits and natural history of most
migratory species , fisheries officials could more easily displace the blame .
Without careful study of fish migration and life histories , states were unable to
identify the ...
Clements's theory of succession played a significant role in understanding what
was happening . He generally believed that agricultural practices had disrupted
the natural succession of the community . Tilling the soil and grazing livestock ...
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From Natural History
Ecology and the Foundations of Environmental Science
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