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Punishment for the Crime of Lynching
SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE
UNITED STATES SENATE
CRIME OF LISCHING
Printed for the use of the Committee on the Judiciary
WASHINGTON : 1934
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PUNISHMENT FOR THE CRIME OF LYNCHING
TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 20, 1934
UNITED STATES SENATE,
Washington, D.C. The committee met, pursuant to call, at 10:30 a.m., in the caucus room, 318 Senate Office Building, Senator Frederick Van Nuys presiding.
Present: Senators Van Nuys (presiding), McCarran, and Dieterich.
Present also: Hon. Robert F. Wagner, a Senator from the State of New York; Hon. Edward P. Costigan, a Senator from the State of Colorado; Hon. Hamilton F. Kean, a Senator from the State of New Jersey; and Hon. Thomas F. Ford, a Representative from the State of California.
Senator Van Nuys. The committee will be in order. As is perhaps well known, we have met this morning for a public hearing on the bill S. 1978 to assure to persons within the jurisdiction of every State the equal protection of the laws, and to punish the crime of lynching. A copy of the bill will be inserted in the record at this point.
The bill (S. 1978) to assure to persons within the jurisdiction of every State the equal protection of the laws, and to punish the crime of lynching, introduced by Mr. Costigan and Mr. Wagner on Jannary 4, 1934, and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary is as follows:
(S. 1978, 738 Cong., 2d sess.)
A BILL To assure to persons within the jurisdiction of every State the equal protection
of the laws, and to punish the crime of lynching
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the phrase " mob or riotous assemblage", when used in this Act, shall mean an assemblage composed of three or more persons acting in concert, without authority of law, for the pur. pose of depriving any person of his life, or doing him physical injury.
SEC. 2. If any State or governmental subdivision thereof fails, neglects, or refuses to provide and maintain protection to the life or person of any individual within its jurisdiction against a mob or riotous assemblage, whether by way of preventing or punishing the acts thereof, such state shall by reason of such failure. Deglect, or refusal be deemed to have denied to such person the equal protection of the laws of the State, and to the end that the protection guaranteed to persons within the jurisdictions of the several States, or to citi. zens of the United States, by the Constitution of the United States, may be serurea, the provisions of this Act are enacted.
SEC. 3 (a) Any officer or employee of any State or governmental subdivision who is charged with the duty or who possesses the power or authority as such officer or employee to protect the life or person of any individual injured or