The Environment and Science: Social Impact and Interaction
ABC-CLIO, 2005 - 299 páginas
The Environment and Science: Social Impact and Interaction explores the history of how science investigates nature and how those studies both shape and are shaped by the social attitudes, philosophies, and politics of their times. It follows the changes in perceptions of the natural world and humankind's place in it from the European colonization of North America through the Industrial Revolution and westward expansion, to the rise of the consumer economy and the recent hardening of the ideological battle lines over environmental policy.
Coverage includes the emergence of ecology as a science and conservation as a movement, the long history of conflicts between business interests and environmentalists, and the role of scientific studies in debates over atomic and nuclear power, pesticides, toxic emissions, and other human-made sources of environmental degradation.
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Environmental science is the study of issues that affect the atmosphere,
waterways, soils, plants, and animals. Such studies ultimately include humans.
Environmentalism, on the other hand, is a social response to the findings of
... has taken on a wider range of meanings in more recent times, but for this
period, natural historians examined plants, animals, and minerals. ... The
common distinction “animal, vegetable, or mineral” comes from this phase of
Each volume dealt with a separate category of animals, approximately following
Aristotle's scheme: the four-footed animals that gave birth to living young, the four
-footed animals that laid eggs, the birds, and the fish. His travels to collect plants
Although he tried throughout his life to find ways of applying his general system
of categorizing plants and animals to the third great division of natural history, a
consistent arrangement for minerals eluded him. Neither the logic he employed ...
Living plants and animals possessed similarities to forms found preserved in
layers of rock that had been laid down in ages past. These similarities were
familiar to Linnaeus as well, although he had difficulty accounting for them.
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