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obtained a royal charter, and with several friends came to Rhode Island. But his promised funds were not forthcoming, and at the end of seven years he returned. This poem was an expression of his enthusiastic faith in the scheme.
Sally in our Alley. Page 44. CAREY (d. by his own hand, 1743) was an Englishman and a musical composer.
Grongar Hill. Page 46. DYER (b. in Wales, 1698, d. 1758) was a landscape painter, but afterward entered holy orders. Grongar Hill is in Caermarthen, Wales.
A Soliloquy. Page 51. HARTE (b. about 1700, d. 1774) was a clergyman of the Church of England.
The Braes of Yarrow. Page 52. HAMILTON (b. 1704, d. 1754) wrote this ballad in imitation of an old one with the same refrain.
The Schoolmistress. Page 56. SHENSTONE (b. 1714, d. 1763) published this poem in 1742. Goldsmith said, “It is one of those happinesses in which a poet excels himself, as there is nothing in all Shenstone which any way approaches it in merit."
The Chameleon. Page 65. MERRICK (b. 1720, d. 1769) was an eminent Greek scholar at Oxford, and published a versification of the Psalms, and other poems.
Waly, Waly, but Love be Bonny. Page 68. Percy says the heroine of this ballad was the wife of James, second Marquis of Douglas. lady, married in 1670, was expelled from the society of her husband in consequence of scandals which a disappointed lover basely insinuated into the ear of the Marquis."
The Tears of Scotland. Page 69. SMOLLETT the novelist (b. in Scotland, 1721, d. 1771) produced a few poems, of which this, written just after the battle of Culloden, is the most successful.
Cumnor Hall. Page 72. MICKLE (b. in Scotland, 1734, d. 1788) was a printer, and used frequently to put his poetry into type without writing it. This ballad suggested to Scott his novel of “Kenilworth."
The Sailor's Wife. Page 76. This poem has been commonly attrib. uted to Mickle, author of “Cumnor Hall,” because an imperfect copy of it was found among his papers. He never claimed it, nor would he be likely to have written it, as he never lived in a seaport. Miss ADAM was a schoolmistress, who lived near Greenock, and died in Glasgow in 1765. She published a volume of poems, and claimed this as one of hers.
The Toper's Apology. Page 78. Captain MORRIS (b. in England, 1739 or 1749, d. 1838) published a great number of songs, scarcely another one of which rises above doggerel.
The Three Warnings. Page 80. It is said that Mrs. THRALE (b. 1740, d. 1821) was indebted to her good friend Dr. Johnson for much of the Anish of this poem.
Life. Page 83. Mrs. BARBAULD (b. 17-13, d. 1825) wrote numerous short poems, including some hymns. This one was greatly admired by Rogers.
When Shall we Three Meet Again? Page 84. There is no very satisfactory theory as to the authorship of this poem. The one which ascribes it to three early students at Dartmouth College rests on slender evidence.
Gaffer Gray. Page 85. HOLCROFT (b. 1745, d. 1809), author of "The Road to Ruin," was successively a shoemaker, horse-jockey, school. master, actor, playwright, and novelist.
What Constitutes a State. Page 86. JONES (b. 1746, d. 1794) tells us he got the idea of this poem from one of the extant fragments of Alcæus:
Ου λίθοι, ουδε ξύλα, ουδε
'Ενταύθα τείχη και πόλεις. To the Cuckoo. Page 87. LOGAN (b. 1748, d. 1788) was a Scottish minister. Edmund Burke, when in Edinburgh, sought him out, solely because of his admiration for this poem. Its authorship has been claimed for MICHAEL BRUCE (b. 1746, d. 1767), whose manuscript poems were entrusted to Logan for editing and publication.
Auld Robin Gray. Page 88. LADY BARNARD (b. in Scotland, 1750, d. 1825) published this ballad anonymously, about 1771, and it excited so much comment that a reward of twenty guineas was offered for discovery of the authorship. She never acknowledged it till two years before her death. Scott said, “ Auld Robin Gray' is that real pastoral which is worth all the dialogues which Corydon and Phillis have had together, from the days of Theocritus downwards.'
Mary's Dream. Page 89. LOWE (b. in Scotland, 1750, d. in Virginia, 1798) wrote this poem on the loss at sea of a young surgeon named Miller, the fiancé of a Miss McGhie in whose father's family Lowe was tutor.
What is Time? Page 90. MARSDEN (b. in Dublin, 1754, d. 1836), who spent thirty years in India, was famous as an orientalist.
T'he Groves of Blarney. Page 92. MILLIKIN (b. in Ireland, 1767, d. 1815) was a lawyer, painter, and littérateur. The intention of this poem, written about 1798, was to ridicule the songs of the Irish village bards. There are several versions, and it is said that the fifth stanza was inserted by John Lander, when singing the song at an electioneering dinner.
Helen of Kirkconnel. Page 93. There are numerous versions of thh
poem. The one here given, by MAYNE (b. in Scotland, 1759, d. 1836), is metrically the most perfect. It was published by Scott, in the “Edinburgh Annual Register" for 1815, who says: “A lady of the name of Helen Irving, or Bell (for this is disputed by the two clans), daughter of the laird of Kirkconnel, in Dumfriesshire, and celebrated for her beauty, was beloved by two gentlemen in the neighborhood. The name of the favored suitor was Adam Fleming of Kirkpatrick ; that of the other has escaped tradition, although it has been alleged that he was a Bell of Blacket House. The addresses of the latter were, however, favored by the friends of the lady, and the lovers were therefore obliged to meet in secret, and by night, in the church-yard of Kirkconnel, a romantic spot surrounded by the river Kirtle. During one of these private interviews, the jealous and despised lover suddenly appeared on the opposite bank of the stream, and leveled his carabine at the breast of his rival. Helen threw herself before her lover, received in her bosom the bullet, and died in his arms. A desperate and mortal combat ensued between Fleming and the murderer, in which the latter was cut to pieces. Other accounts say that Fleming pursued his enemy to Spain, and slew him in the streets of Madrid." These events occurred in the reign of Mary Queen of Scots.
Connel and Flora. Page 94. WILSON (b. in Scotland, 1766, d. in Philadelphia, 1813) wrote several poems, but was only famous as an ornithologist.
The Soldier. Page 95. SMYTH (b. 1766, d. 1849) was an Englishman.
The Beggar. Page 96. MOSS (d. 1808) was an English clergyman. He published anonymously in 1769 a small volume of poems, of which this one alone has survived.
The Orphan Boy. Page 97. Mrs. OPIE (b. 1769, d. 1853) was the wife of a portrait painter of considerable celebrity. She was better known for her novels and tales than for her poems.
Night. Page 99. WHITE was born in Spain in 1775, and died in England in 1841. Coleridge considered this sonnet one of the finest in the language.
The Tears I Shed. Page 99. HELEN D'ARCY CRANSTOUN (b. in Scotland, 1765, d. 1838) became in 1790 the second wife of Prof. Dugald Stewart. The first four lines of the last stanza were inserted by Burns.
To an Indian Gold Coin. Page 100. LEYDEN (b. in Scotland, 1775) went to India as a surgeon in 1803, and died in 1811, of a malignant fever which he caught while searching the town library of Batavia, in the island of Java, for Indian manuscripts.
A Visit from St. Nicholas. Page 102. MOORE (b. in New York, 1779 d. in Newport, R. I., 1863) was a professor in the Protestant Episcopal Seminary in New York, and published a volume of poems in 1844. The Star Spangled Banner. Page 108. KEY (b. in Maryland, 1779, d. 1843) began writing this song while he witnessed the bombardment of Fort McHenry, near Baltimore, by the British in 1814. A collection of his poems was published in 1857.
Lucy's Flittin'. Page 105. WILLIAM LAIDLAW (b. in Scotland, 1780, d. 1845) was the amanuensis and confidential friend of Sir Walter Scott. “Lucy's Flittin'" was contributed to Hogg's “Forest Minstrel," and Hogg himself wrote the closing stanza.
A Litany for Doneraile. Page 106. O’KELLY published two volumes of poems in Dublin (1808 and 1812), the former of which contained this famous litany. When Lady Doneraile read it, she sent the poet a splendid gold watch,“ with chain and seal,” whereupon he wrote a palinode, calling down all sorts of blessings on Doneraile. When he was introduced to Scott, at Limerick in 1825, he got off, as impromptu, the following parody on Dryden's epigram:
of three different nations born, The United Kingdom in this age adorn : Byron of England ; Scott of Scotia's blood ;
And Erin's pride, O'Kelly, great and good. A Riddle. Page 109. This enigma has been frequently attributed to Lord Byron, and printed in two or three editions of his works. The answer is, the letter H. Miss FANSHAWE was a contemporary of Byron's.
The Philosopher's Scales. Page 109. Miss TAYLOR (b. in England 1783, d. 1824) was a sister of Isaac and Jeffreys Taylor.
A Modest Wit. Page 111. OSBORN (b. in Trumbull, Conn., 1783, d. in Philadelphia, 1826) was editor of various newspapers, in Connecticut, Vermont, and Delaware, and published a small volume of poems in Boston in 1823.
Saint Patrick. Page 113. According to Croker, this ballad was com. posed by HENRY BENNETT and a Mr. TOLLEKEN, of Cork, who sang it in alternate lines at a masquerade in that city in the winter of 1814-15. They at first made only the first, second, and fifth stanzas; after it had become popular, Tolleken added the sixth at the request of Webb the comedian. The third and fourth are the work of some other hand.
The Cloud. Page 114. CHRISTOPHER NORTH (b. in Scotland, 1785, d. 1854) wrote an abundance of poems, long and short, but this sonnet seems to be the only one that anybody now cares to read.
The Bucket. Page 115. WOODWORTH (b. in Massachusetts, 1785, d. 1842) produced this poem by some happy accident. His other verses are scarcely more than doggerel.
The Soul's Defiance. Page 116. LAVINIA STODDARD was born in Guil ford, Conn., in 1787, and died in 1820.
The Mitherless Bairn. Page 117. THOM (b. in Scotland, 1789, d. 1848) was a weaver, and became a peddler, flute-player, and wandering poot. Speaking to a friend of this poem, he said, “When I was living in Aber deen, I was limping roun' the house to my garret, when I heard the greetin'o' a wean. A lassie was thumpin'a bairn, when out cam a big dame bellowin' 'Ye hussie, will ye lick a mitherless bairn ?' I hobbled up the stair, and wrote the sang afore sleepin'."
Stanzas. Page 118. WILDE (b. in Ireland, 1789, d. in New Orleans, 1847) came to this country with his parents when he was a small boy. He was a lawyer, and served several terms in Congress. These stanzas, which were intended to be part of a long poem, are supposed to be sung by a European held captive among the savages of Florida.
Afar in the Desert. Page 119. PRINGLE (b. in Scotland, 1788, d. 1834) spent several years in South Africa. The Beacon. Page 122.
This little poem has been persistently at. tributed to Moore. JAMES was a banker of Manchester, England, and was an uncle of the present Bishop of Lincoln. He first published this poem in 1810, and included it in his collected poems (1853). He died in 1854.
Mortality. Page 122. This poem owes its popularity to the fact that it was a favorite with President Lincoln, who found it in a newspaper and inquired in vain for the authorship. KNOX was born in Scotland in 1789, and died in 1825. The poem in its wanderings has become very much corrupted. I have here printed it exactly as it stands in Knox's Songs of Israel” (1824).
The Whistler. Page 124. STORY was born in Scotland in 1790, and died in 1859.
We'll go to Sea no More. Page 125. Miss Mitford quotes this poem in her "Recollections,” but does not mention Miss CORBETT's Christian name, or give any information about her; and I have sought it in vain
Geehale. Page 127. SCHOOLCRAFT (b. near Albany, 1793, d. 1864) married the granddaughter of an Indian chief, and became famous for his researches and publications concerning the red race.
I would not Live Alway. Page 128. DR. MUHLENBERG (b. in Philadel. phia, 1796, d. 1877) made several revisions of his famous poem. The versions in the hymn-books contain some striking lines that do not appear in his final revision, which is here presented.
Lines Written in a Church-yard. Page 130. KNOWLES (b. in England, 1798, d. 1817) wrote this poem, at the age of eighteen, in the church-yard of Richmond, Yorkshire.
The Mariner's Dream. Page 131. DIMOND (b. in England, 1800, d. 1837) was a theatrical manager.
Old Grimes. Page 133. GREENE was a lawyer in Providence, R. I. where he was born in 1802, and died in Cleveland in 1868. He is said to have written this poem at the age of fifteen.