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had heard the proclamation of the abrogation of the ancient monarchy and the proclamation of the provisional protectorate of the United States; and it had seen the lowering of the American ensign by order of Commissioner Blount. Here, too, had been proclaimed the establishment of the Republic of Hawaii ; and here now was to be witnessed its end. It was not wholly a joyous occasion. Not a few tears were shed, even by some who had labored long and earnestly for the result which was now achieved.

Beneath the flag now to be lowered had been born the man who for five years had stood at the head of affairs, as President of the Republic. Beneath it had been born Chief Justice Judd, who was to administer to him and to others the oath of allegiance to the United States. It was little wonder, then, if a feeling of sadness pervaded the assembly when they saw the flag, which for so many years had meant so much to them, sink never to rise again.

Beside the chair of President Dole upon the platform sat the Hon. Harold M. Sewall, the envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary of the United States, who had

been charged by President McKinley with the duty of accepting the sovereignty of the Islands from the hands of their President. The ceremony was brief.

A certified copy of the joint resolution of the Congress of the United States accepting the cession of the Islands was formally presented to Mr. Dole by Minister Sewall. The President delivered in a few words the sovereignty of the Islands to Mr. Sewall, as the representative of the United States. A prayer was offered by the Rev. G. L. Pearson, of the Methodist Episcopal Church. The Hawaiian national anthem, “ Hawaii Ponoi,” was played by the Hawaiian band in the square. There was a flutter of a white handkerchief; and, as the bugle-call “to the colors ” rang out, the flag of Hawaii fell slowly on its staff. Then the same buglecall rang out again, and up to the summit of its staff rose “ Old Glory," and spread itself out in the Pacific breeze. Simultaneously upon the other public buildings of the city rose the American flag, and the national salute thundered from the guns of the American war vessels in the harbor. Upon one flag-pole was raised again the same flag which

had been hauled down from the same place by order of Commissioner Blount, and which had been carefully preserved for this occasion by Lieutenant Lucien Young, of the United States steamship Boston.

After the flag-raising the proclamation of the sovereignty of the United States of America was made by Minister Sewall, followed by a short address. The oath of allegiance was then administered to President Dole by Chief Justice Judd, Mr. Dole and the other officials being authorized by President McKinley to continue in the administration of local affairs until some form of government for them should have been adopted by Congress. The assemblage then dispersed. And thus the influence of the United States in the Hawaiian Islands, which had its inception in the coming of the little shipload of missionaries from Boston in the year 1819, had had its fitting culmination.

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