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· So much for the poetry; but still where is the poet? It may be the biggest medias
pposed, by what has already been said, that he is not very readily Poice & II'. be found. Next to nothing has yet been known of him or his m. la tua pununts. It has been said that his poetry showed from internal evi
Art Dnce that he came somewhere out of the fens. In three-fourths of pintas jemam , verses there is something about "glooming flats," " the clustered ind in these arish-mosses ”—a poplar, a water-loving tree, that
** Shook alway, numen Tudo
All silver green with gnarled bark; e is nothingbok
For leagues no other tree did mark equalit kan
The level waste, the rounding grey." this lyric, tx T r a whole Lincolnshire landscape of tion. Here
" A sand-built ridge Fof Dates exte
Of heaped hills that mound the sea, Tant surt der
Overblown with murmurs harsh,
Or even a lowly cottage whence we see in hand
Stretched wide and wild the waste enormous marsh,
The trenched waters run from sky to sky." sed torrent for there are
• Long dim wolds ribbed with snow.
Willows whiten, aspens shiver;" jxor horough fen-land objects ;
" A still salt pool, locked in with bars of sand;
Left on the shore." umea breath
*These images show a familiarity with fen-lands, and flat sea-coast, to es are call certainty ; but Alfred Tennyson, after all, though a Lincolnshire we pant: firme'man, is not a native of the fens. He was born near enough to know
fete them well, but not in them. His native place is Somersby, a little
village lying about midway between the market towns of Spilsby fiz and Horncastle, and containing less than a hundred inhabitants. His No hitz · father, George Clayton Tennyson, LL.D., was rector of that and the for adjoining parish of Enderby. He was a man of very various talents
BSE something of a poet, a painter, an architect, and a musician. He was g stes 10 cm also a considerable linguist and mathematician. Dr. Tennyson was
the elder brother of Mr. Tennyson D'Eyncourt. Alfred Tennyson, parents one of several children, was born at the parsonage at Somersby, of
de which a view stands at the head of this chapter. From the age of jest. The leve, seven till about nine or ten, he went to the grammar-school of Louth,
in the same county, and after that returned home, and was educated F by his father, till he went to Trinity College, Cambridge.
po The native village of Tennyson is not situated in the fens, but in El Blixe a pretty pastoral district of softly sloping hills and large ash-trees.
It is not based on bogs, but on a clean sandstone. There is a little So pa glen in the neighbourhood, called by the old monkish name of Holy. he one well. Over the gateway leading to it, some bygone squire has put eta go up an inscription, a medley of Virgil and Horace-
• Intus aquæ dulces, vivoque sedilia saxo
Et paulum silvæ superest. His utere mecum: "
Id child mid,
and within, a stream of clear water gushes out of a sand-rock, and over it stands an old school-house, almost lost among the trees, and of late years used as a wood-house, its former distinction only signified by a scripture text on the walls—“Remember thy Creator in the days of thy youth.” There are also two brooks in this valler, which flow into one at the bottom of the glebe-field, and by thesthe young poet used to wander and meditate. To this scenery we find him turning back in his Ode to Memory:
“ Come from the woods that belt the grey hill side,
The seven elms, the poplars four
In every elbow and turn,
O! hither lead thy feet!
Upon the ridged wolds,
Forth gushes from beneath a low-hung cloud." In the church yard stands a Norman cross, almost single of its kind in England.
Alfred Tennyson spent some years in London, and he may be traced to Hastings, Eastbourne, Cheltenham, and the like places. He resided some time at Montpelier-row, Twickenham, and he now resides at Farringford, in the Isle of Wight. Still, it is very possible you may come across him in a country inn, with a foot on each bob of the fireplace, a volume of Greek in one hand, his meerschaum in the other, so far advanced towards the seventh heaven, that he would not thank you to call him back into this nether world. Wherever he is, however, in some still nook of enormous London, or the stiller one of some far-off sea-side hamlet, he is pondering a lay for eternity
“ Losing his fire and active might
In a silent meditation,
And luxury of contemplation." Having had an uncle in Parliament, Tennyson has received more government patronage than any other poet that we can call to mind at the same early age. He has enjoyed for several years a pension of 2001. per annum. On the death of Wordsworth, he was appointed Poet Laureate. He has also, since the last edition of this work, married, and has added largely to his fame by his poems, The Princess, and In Memoriam. We cannot say the same of his late production, Maud. That, thrown forth in the moment of war ferer, is a production which we could willingly see blotted out of the list of his works, and forgotten. We look in vain in it either for Teuny. son's usually exquisite melody of rhythm, or the soundness of his philosophy. It advances the monstrous dogma, that peace is the
t of all the crimes of society. If that be true, Christianity
*ot be so ; for its Author is styled the Prince of Peace, and the C h esied consummation of His kingdom is, “ Peace on earth, and Die Talwill to man." But if Tennyson's doctrine be true, the more penetrandvance in peace, the more we shall advance in social crime.
* 1.s he asserts, war be absolutely necessary to civilization, then are od *:* he arts of peace, and the efforts of education, vain. To maintain
TRElization, men must continue to murder, not incidentally, but in in wholesale line. When the nations are prepared to “beat their
rds into ploughshares, and their spears into pruning-hooks," we one for
st take care of ourselves; for we shall be overrun with burglars, for the entivo yo -throats, and domestic poisoners. That Millennium to which
istianity points us, instead of a time to be desired, is one of all V ers to be dreaded ; for peace being perfect and universal, on the Dawna - Inysonian theory, crime must be paramount and intolerable. The
losophy of Locksley Hall was something better than this. There ***Ovo poet looked forward
** Till the war-drum throbbed no longer, and the battle-flags were furled,
In the Parliament of man, the Federation of the world.
And the kindly earth shall slumber, lapt in universal law."
look onward to the great epic of Arthur, and trust in that to care the poet reappear in robust health and full glory, in a harmony
i numbers, and of spirit equal to the national utility of the theme.
ini e can allow Tennyson a speck or two in his disc, as we do at botte
I spent une me the
olume of Gazit:
HERE, for the present, 1 suspend my labours. The poetical commonwealth of England is so rich, that it is impossible to bring a tenth part of its affluence within the scope of any ordinary work. This work is not intended by any means for a biography, far less a biographical dictionary, to which, by attempting to include all, it would at once have been reduced. Detail would have been out of the question, and the main interest therefore destroyed. It is a work on the residences of eminent poets, including so much biographical and critical remark as seemed necessary to the full elucidation of the subject, or of the character of particular poets. Amongst both past and present poets there are some whose residences are little known; others whose residences, when known, have little of picturesque about them, or which are unattended by circumstances out of the ordinary routine. To detail merely that such a man lived in such a street, and such a house, would have answered no purpose, and could only weary. I resolved, therefore, to dismiss the dramatic authors at once, as a large body requiring separate treatment, and to add such poets in general as my researches in the main might show had homes and haunts, and circumstances associated with them, of such a nature as should make them matters of public interest
Amongst the past there are numbers of poets whose residences undoubtedly will furnish further topics—as Herrick, Waller, Parnell, Drummond of Hawthornden, Collins, Dyer, Young, Akenside, Allan Ramsay, Beattie, Pollok, and others. Amongst our illustrious cotemporaries, how many yet come crowding upon the mind, enow to
eate of themselves the fame of a generation. The moment we me them it will be seen that the introduction into this volume s been, in my mind, no evidence of my opinion of their lative merits. The question only has been, have these poets wything connected with their residences which will stand forth
its interest beyond the ordinary grade? The subjects already cluded have occupied me several years, and have led me to most every extremity of the United Kingdom. Unfortunately r the inquirer, poets do not happen to have been born, or to ive lived, just where it was most convenient to reach them. hey have not by any means lived all in one place, nor in straight pes and rows, so that we might take them in rapid and easy accession. On the contrary, they have compelled me to traverse ne kingdom from London to the North of Scotland, from the fiant's Causeway to the West of Ireland ; there is scarcely an English county into which I have not had to follow them, and often nto places most obscure and difficult of access. So far, however, he labour is accomplished : and when I turn to the names of those of our day, I see that the harvest is yet far from reaped. Indepen
lent of the dramatic poets, as Milman, Knowles, Bulwer, Talfourd, PLODING Bell, Miss Mitford, Marston, Herraud, Taylor (the author of Philip
van Artevelde), and others, we have yet to include in our catalogue many a brilliant name in the general walks of poetry—the venerable Bowles, Hood, Croly, Monckton Milnes, Bowring, Mackay, Philiu Bailey, author of Festus, one of the most striking and original spirits of the age; Horne, the author of the fine poem of Orion, and of ballads full of vigour, originality, and a sound and healthy senti
ment; Mrs. Norton ; Browning, dark but sterling and strong, with ht. I suspecJ . his gifted wife, late Elizabeth Barrett, whose poems reflect in the so rich, as clear depths of a profound and brooding intellect the onward spirit mithin the coup of the age. Lockhart, with his spirited Spanish Ballads ; Macaulay,
by any means "?' with his stirring Lays of Rome; Alaric Watts, with his Lyrics full to thich brot of fine fancy, feeling, and domestic affection; these, and Delta of
ad De Blackwood's Magazine, Tennant, Motherwell, Patmore, Dobell, Massey, apest Eberl Arnold, and many others, come rushing up in our recollection. eta in. There are some to whom the world has not yet done justice, whom Araw it will one day be a high gratification to introduce--such as William i nertical Scott, the author of that beautiful and very intellectual poem, The ome wbuk-Year of the World ; and Moile, the author of State Trials, a work hon bera of singular beauty, and which I rejoice to see advanced to a second attended edition. And are there not, too, others, some of those who have amelyek a risen, like Burns, from the ranks of the labouring people, whose u hores homes and haunts might be most interesting to trace ? There is there Thomas Cooper, the author of the Purgatory of Suicides, who could MATIAS unfold undoubtedly some singular scenes in his track of life; there mitchen are Bloomfield, and Nicoll, and Clare, now the inmate of an asylum, Tu and others who could furnish us with a scene or a passing glimpse, matrica perhaps, of more thrilling interest-like some of those in the histories
her of John Prince and William Thom-than any that occui in more Te are mais elevated walks. Many of our younger and more brilliant cotom
Fetail mererilor Duse, would have to be esolved, there . Tho
l as my resalches are Blos and circumstans and make them mates pork Pe are number of a
den, Collins Drets d others dmas" ome crowding a