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There has been no adulteration of the ingredients of the dishes composing the banquet. I may, however, casually remark that some curious discrepancies are occasionally met with in the figures in appropriation Acts, for which the publishers and myself do not wish to be held responsible should any appear in the following pages. I abstain from expressing my own personal opinions, and, except to a very limited extent in the Introductory Chapter, do not refer to my individual experiences.

DUGALD J. BANNATYNE.

ALDRICH COURT, 41-45 BROADWAY, NEW YORK,

August 1887.

CONTENTS.

Description of the United States flag and seal .
Table of the states and territories, their respective land and water areas, &c.

PAGE
xix
XX

INTRODUCTORY CHAPTER.

PAGE

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State courts of record and not of

record, &c. .
United States courts, to be added
Systems of espionage--detectives,

officials, &c., forgetting decency,

&c., and a very flagrant illustration
Great number of place-holders, &c.
Smartness of young citizens
Universal distrust shown by poli-

ticians.

Shown in federal and state legisla

tion

Women suffrage in municipal elec-

tions in Kansas, &c.

Political influence, and machines

The new Labour party

An Act of New Jersey to regulate

primary elections in cities

Religion not quite ignored-separa-

tion of Church and State

Atheists rejected as would-be citi-

Vast amount of legal swearing, &c.

Enormous number of persons author-

ised to administer oaths, &c.

Perjury

Crime not greater among foreign

than among native-born inhabit.

ants

Some peculiar phases of crime

Political parties have no desire to

render trickery impossible

Paper on political reform in New

Îork, read to the Common-

wealth Club

Applicable to other cities

Address of the City Chamberlain of

New York to the Democratic

Club on political reform
Spirit of laws uncertain
Justices of the peace liable to be

biassed, &c.

United States justices, &c., appoint-

ed for life, &c.

Necessity for Law and Order Socie.

ties, &c.
Laws, &c., favour offenders more

than the law-abiding classes
Evil consequences of seeking the

protection of the laws, &c.

Good work done by Christian men

26 and women, &c.

26 Socialism, anarchism, &c.

Perpetual electioneering, &c.

“One day's news of corruption

37

27 Obstacles in the way of reform, &c. 38

29 Illustrations

38

29 No national bankrupt Act

41

Objections thereto stated by Chan-

29 cellor Kent

41

Mr Bishop on the legality of prefer-

30 ences to creditors in New York 41

Collecting judgments difficult, &c. . 41

30 Mercantile agencies, &c.

42

30

Marriage laws in the several states 43

30 Divorce laws in the several states 43

Polygamy and polyandry possible

30 in New York

44

28,000 divorces granted annually 44

31 Hon. Noah Davis, ex-justice, on

“Marriage and Divorce

44

32 No divorces among Roman Catholics 46

32 Percentage of divorces among adults 46

Appalling state of affairs

46

32 Curiosities in marriages .

46

32 A monarchy desired by some citizens 47

Designs of socialists, Knights of

Labour, &c.

47

33

Freemasonry

47

33 Great number of musicians and

bands.

47

34 Merit and demerit of trade-unions

cannot be treated of

47

The Grand Army of the Republic

34 Association

47

35 Confederate veterans, &c.

50

Good traits of the people cannot be

treated of

50

35 Reasons why ordinary travellers

35 books are misleading

50

What citizens have to do and face,

36 &c.

51

Impolicy of “ cutting” those who

36

overreach, &c.

51

Points for the

reader's attention

51

36 The writer's experience in sundry

matters,

51

36 Message of Governor Hill of New

York regarding abuses, state legis-

37 lation, home rule, &c.

52

.

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Constitution of the State of New

Ballot-boxes-poll-lists

434

York, in force as at 31st Decem-

Maintaining order at the polls,

ber 1886

373 canvassing votes, &c.

435

Vote of the people upon the con- County board of canvassers, pro-

stitution and its amendments 404 ceedings, statements, &c. 436

Several constitutions of the State of

County clerk's duties .

437

New York

405 Secretary of state's duties

438

How amendments are made

406 Board of state canvassers, pro-

State boundaries

407

ceedings, &c.

438

412 Election of congressional repre-

Sovereignty and jurisdiction of the

sentatives, &c. .

439

state

412 Election of electors of President

Ceded jurisdiction over parts to the

and Vice-President, &c.

439

United States

412 Meeting of these electors--organ-

The civil divisions of the state-

isation-proceedings, &c., of the

1. Counties-

electoral college

441

Boundaries of New York county 413 Election of United States senators

Concurrent jurisdiction of coun-

by the legislature

441

ties over waters

414 Election law offences, &c.

442

Erection of a new county. 414 Miscellaneous provisions as to in-

Cessions of territory by one to

spectors, watchers, &c.

442

another county

415 Watchers challenging voters 443

2. Senate districts

416 Filing, &c., returns and statements 443

3. Congressional districts

416 Ballots

443

4. Towns

416 Supreme court issuing mandamus

5. Cities

417 to com pel correction of errors 444

6. General provisions concerning Board of supervisors of county

the erection and alteration of

having 40,000 inhabitants de-

counties, cities, villages, towns 417 cide whether county judge act

7. Assembly districts

418 as surrogate, &c.

444

8. Judicial districts

418 Registry laws-

Census

419

Board of registry.

444

Rights of citizens and inhabitants Register of electors-making, fil.

of the state

420 ing, publishing

445

Indians within the state .

422 Correction of register, &c. 445

Public officers-

Poll - clerk's entries, challenges,

Legislative

425 filing poll-list and register, &c. 447

Executive

425 Registers in cities and incorpor-

Judicial

425 ated villages of 7000 inhabitants 447

Administrative

427 Taking census in a particular

General provisions

428

town in a county having 300,000

Elections-

inhabitants—formation of board

Other than for militia and town

of registry, lists of electors, &c. 447

officers

429 Correcting registries-officers ne-

Disqualification of voters

429 glecting duties, punishments,

Absent military voters can vote,

&c.

449

&c.

429 Board of register in cities having

Qualified voters on Indian lands: 430

16,000 inhabitants, election dis-

No court - no suits served on

trict officers - register – pro-

voters, &c., during elections 431 ceedings, &c.

449

General and special elections 431 Case of new election district, &c. 450

Elections in cities — wards in-

Voters not on corrected register

spectors

431 voting

452

Election in towns--districts

432 Military code-

Polling-places-inspectors of elec-

Contents

452

tion-clerks of the poll

433 Exemptions from military duty--

Challenging voters at the poll 433 general enrolment

453

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