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LESSON LXI. A person often gives theinselves trouble to no purpose. His individuality, no less as his singularity, were remarkable. As you promised me the goods, I beg you will let me have it soon. He who now send you this message is true. An Act was obtained from Parliament, who willingly granted it. He was a member of the society to whom you sent the curiosities. Have you seen the house whom I lately entered? You should punish him which committed the fault, not I, which had no hand in it. The men who he praises are highly to be envied. You cannot be her. It was not him who was guilty of the crime. I am satisfied that either your brother or him did it. He took her to be I. I knew it to be they. You may rest assured it was not us. Whom do you mean, not she whom I saw yesterday? Whom did you say was found guilty ?
LESSON LXII. We ought love our enemies. He ordered me run and tell him. He bade me to stop the noise. I have seen the sun to sink behind the clouds. I perceived him to hide the book behind the desk. Better is a dinner of herbs than live in strife. Tell him depart. If I were her, I would not go. In the Pacific Ocean there are a vast number of islands. He sang very good. They coursed along very merry. Was he to make an offer, I might listen to him.
'Mid pleasures and palaces though we may roam,
Is it ever so humble, there is no place like home. There is now a great many men of his opinion. Here is a hundred soldiers, all marching in time. Neither you or I can do that. He forbade him never to do the like again. We shall not never look upon his like again.
LESSON LXIII. The wicked, which cannot cease from sin, is to be pitied. He was more bent to raise the wretched as to rise. He had no sooner tasted the wine, but he felt new life revive within him. Jane can do no other but weep. The king, than who a braver man never lived, died last year. It becomes her better than I. He was much more taller than me. The man and his wife quarrelled; the former declared she was right, the latter that he was right. I want that bunch on the counter, not this away in the distance. Every bank of the river was lined with soldiers. Each man retired to their post. Every man have their own share of happiness. I refused both his offers ; neither were suitable. Either road lead to the same place. He had no other motive for his conduct, but his extreme love of popularity.
LESSON LXIV. Cicero was a great orator and a statesman. His brother was the secretary and the treasurer to the society. A heir was born to the throne. He invited the two men—the ambassador and secretary-to London. Who, who ever saw him, could forget his face. He told the man, as he met on the road, to turn to the left. The man and the horse, whom you met, have not come back. Whomsoever shall do this, will be punished. I cannot, nor shall not, agree to his proposal. The great orator and the preacher has arrived. You read upon the monument simply the name and age of the deceased. I never heard the wind blow more loud. I will drown, and nobody shall help me. Will we set out to-morrow? He is as wild that ever he was. He was that angry, I could not speak to him.
ANALYSIS OF SENTENCES.
A Sentence is a complete thought expressed in words. Every Sentence must contain a Subject and a Predicate.
The Subject of a Sentence is that part of it about which any affirmation is made.
The Predicate of a Sentence is that part of it which contains the affirmation made regarding the Subject.
Fire burns is a Sentence. Fire is the Subject, burns is the Predicate.—John struck the table is a Sentence. John is the subject, struck the table is the Predicate.
LESSON I. In the following Exercise point out the Subject and the Predicate in each sentence:
The girl sings. The boy laughed. You broke the desk. The wicked cease from troubling. Man is mortal. The sky is clear. The sea is blue. The horse draws the cart. The cow gives milk. His hair is black. The house fell.
A Sentence may take one or other of these forms :
1. It may simply contain an assertion ; as, The sun shines. Such a sentence may be called Assertive.
2. It may ask a question ; as, Are you ill? Such a sentence may be called Interrogative.
3. It may express a command; as, Go away. Such a sentence may be called Imperative.
4. It may express a wish; as, May every blessing attend you ! Such a sentence may be called Optative.
LESSON II. Tell the form of each Sentence in the following Exercise, and distinguish between the Subject and the Predicate :
The king led on his men. The soldiers gained the victory. The grass is green. Has your father come? Is your mother at home? How old are you? Will you play? Do not hurry. Run away. May you be happy. May all good be yours. Turn round. Stand up. My blessings * on you.
LESSON III. Write six Sentences of each form mentioned in last Exercise.
A combination of words, which does not contain a Predicate either expressed or understood, cannot form a Sentence. Such a combination of words is called a Phrase; as, John having departed.
LESSON IV. Distinguish between Sentences and Phrases in the following Exercise :
The horse ran off. The mist having risen. The rain was falling. All the fishes in the sea. The king of England. The ship was wrecked. John having departed. Wiser than Solomon. Go on. May I come? Does your father know? In those quiet valleys. Too terrible for tears. Hush strife and quarrel. Melancholy lifts her head. In this sad and melancholy state. Love strong as death. Your sister loves you. Sad is my fate. Stop. God bless you.
The sun having risen. John having departed. In this wild country. On a raw and gusty day. The king separated from his troops. Morning on the mountain-tops. Turning his eyes to the south. The wind having fallen. In a few hours. Beholding the enemy approach. The cat having watched long.
* In Optative sentences the Verb is frequently omitted.
THE SIMPLE SENTENCE.
1. A Simple Sentence is one which contains only one Subject and one Predicate; as, The windows of heaven (Subject) were opened (Predicate).
2. The Simple Subject is either a Noun or any other part of speech used as a Noun. The Simple Subject may thus be
(a.) A Noun; as, Cæsar fell.
(e.) The Infinitive Mood with or without an object; as, To err is human. To do good is pleasant.
LESSON VI. Name the Subject in each of the following sentences, and tell of what it consists :
The mountains are high. The sea is stormy. He promised to come. She sang the song. You waited long. Your father has come. Depart in peace. Peace be on this house. Are the rich happy? The weary are at rest. The young die. Come along. Did you see him ? Walking is healthy. Reading aloud is useful. To run is exercise. To tell a lie is disgraceful. The poor have their trials. To talk idle words is wrong. Telling stories was his delight.
LESSON VII. Construct twelve sentences with a Noun as the subject, and twelve with a Pronoun as the subject.
LESSON VIII. Construct Simple Sentences from the following subjects :My sister. The opulent. To tell the truth. To read much. Speaking. Giving to the poor. King Alfred. He. They. The poor old dog. Sitting on damp grass. Thou? His uncle? To forget and forgive. Speaking evil. Riding. Playing at cricket. You.