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THE VERB.

LESSON VII. In the following Exercise, write in one column all those Verbs which take a Noun after them, and in another column those which do not take a Noun after them :

John loves his sister. The horse runs. The horse bit the groom. The house fell. The man struck the table. The cow gives milk. Coal burns. The moon shines. Mary carries a doll. James hurt his finger. The lark sings. The king rules his people. The book has leaves. Soldiers fight. The pony eats hay. Mary wept. The wind blows. The river makes a noise. Bees gather honey.

LESSON VIII. Arrange, as in last Exercise, all the Verbs in your readinglesson.

LESSON IX. Write twelve sentences with Verbs which require a Noun after them, and twelve with Verbs which do not require a Noun.

DEFINITION 1.–Verbs which require a Noun after them to make the sense complete are called TRANSITIVE VERBS.

Transitive means passing over, for the action passes over to the Noun or Pronoun coming after.

DEFINITION II. — Verbs which have complete sense in themselves, and do not require a Nonn after them, are called INTRANSITIVE VERBS.

Intransitive means not passing over, for the action does not pass over to any Noun or Pronoun coming after.

LESSON X. In the following Exercise, write the Transitive Verbs in one column, and the Intransitive Verbs in another:

The gas burns brightly, and gives more light than many candles. The horse stumbled and fell, and in falling struck the rider. The king wore his crown on the day of his coronation, and its gems sparkled in the sunlight. The grasshopper chirps briskly. The glow-worm gives a light. Mary loves her little brother, and he dances with glee when he sees her happy face. Cæsar conquered Gaul, and died by the hands of conspirators. He drew his sword, and flung away the scabbard, and then sprung into the thickest of the fight.

Sir Ralph the Rover tore his hair,
And cursed himself in his despair;
But the waves rush in on every side,
And the vessel sinks beneath the tide.
Around the fire, one wintry night,
The farmer's rosy children sat;
The fagot lent its blazing light,
And jokes went round and careless chat.

LESSON XI. Arrange, as in last Exercise, the Transitive and Intransitive Verbs in your reading-lesson.

THE ADJECTIVE.

LESSON XII. In the following Exercise, point out the Adjectives which name the quality of the object or tell the number of objects.

John gave James ten large apples. Thirty soldiers, clad in long dark cloaks, entered the town by night. Eighteen long years have passed since I saw the beautiful home of my fathers. Thirty thousand black-faced sheep passed along the railway. Six lovely pigeons went flying past, and their snow-white feathers shone brightly in the sun. Friday was a comely, handsome fellow, with straight, strong limbs. He was tall and well-shaped, and about twenty-six years of age. He remained my faithful companion for ten years, and accompanied me to merry England, which we reached after a prosperous voyage of eightyfour days. On the second day after our arrival upwards of thirty persons came to visit us, and crowded our two small rooms.

LESSON XIII. Arrange, as in last Exercise, the Adjectives in your reading-lesson.

DEFINITION I. - Adjectives which express the quality of an object are called ADJECTIVES OF QUALITY, or ATTRIBUTIVE ADJECTIVES. DEFINITION II.-Adjectives which tell the number of objects are called ADJECTIVES OF NUMBER, or NUMERAL ADJECTIVES.

LESSON XIV. Tell which of the Adjectives in the following Exercise are Attributive and which Numeral :

The third day, in the morning, the sea was calm, and as the water was not over five fathoms in depth, I could see the sandy bottom. Numerous creatures were crawling about, and two in particular attracted my earnest attention. They had six long legs each, and their round horny heads were armed with two sharp spikes, which projected from the forehead. When the silver moon had risen, the smoke might be seen curling upwards from a thousand dwellings, which studded that lovely valley. King John led his ill-disciplined army, consisting of thirty thousand raw soldiers, into the town; where he remained ten days, during which as many as ten thousand soldiers deserted. After a weary walk of thirty miles he reached the small inn, which contained only two beds : he was obliged to resume his journey, and walked other ten miles.

LESSON Xv. Construct twelve sentences, introducing an Attributive and a Numeral Adjective into each.

THE ADVERB.

LESSON XVI. In the following Exercise, write in three columns respectively those Adverbs which specify the time, the place, and the manner of the action; or, in other words, which tell when, where, and how anything exists or is done :

The boy is going to school to-morrow. Water, water everywhere! The bird sings sweetly. The dog was left behind. The master arrived suddenly. The boy repeated his lesson well. The sun shone brightly in the heavens. He paid dearly for his fault. Come hither, come hither, my little foot-page. Merrily, merrily went the bark. The poor woman was meanly clad. Do not think highly of yourself. You must depart immediately. The king treated him cruelly. Go now. Go away. The frost was intensely keen. The wind was bitterly cold.

Till noon we quietly sailed on,
Yet never a breeze did breathe;
Slowly and smoothly went the ship,
Moved onward from beneath.
Around, around, flew each sweet sound.
Then darted to the sun;
Slowly the sounds came back again,
Now mixed, now one by one.

LESSON XVII. Arrange, as in last Exercise, the Adverbs in your readinglesson.

DEFINITION I. —Adverbs which specify the time of the action are called ADVERBS OF TIME.

DEFINITION II.-Adverbs which specify the place of the action are called ADVERBS OF PLACE.

DEFINITION III.-Adverbs which specify the manner in which the action is performed are called ADVERBS OF MANNER.

LESSON XVIII. In the following Exercise, tell to which class each Adverb belongs :

The struggle will soon cease. The army fought bravely, but was completely defeated.

She answered meekly, “How should I be glad

Henceforth in all the world at anything ?” The man was very poor, and one of those poor men who never make it any better. Always so laggard, he looked exactly as if he had come into the world with only half his soul.

Thus heavenward all things tend. For all were once
Perfect, and all must be at length restored;
So God has greatly purposed.
So toward that shrine, which then in all the realm

Was richest, Arthur leading, slowly went. After skating merrily on the ice for four hours, we came home dreadfully tired. Fair days have often contracted wind and rain. Dost thou already single me? How cunningly the sorceress displays her own transgressions! Thrice I deluded her. Nothing of all these evils hath befallen me but justly.

LESSON XIX. Construct sentences introducing one of the following words into each :-Gaily, twice, royally, always, tenderly, falsely, often, then, now, suddenly, never, sadly..

THE PRONOUN.

LESSON XX. In the following Exercise, point out all the Pronouns which stand for persons or things :

I went away, and he came back. You gave him an apple. We looked on him as he lay wounded on the ground. The king gave her a ring of pure gold. Thou art fallen from thy high estate. They were lost in the snow. He gave them one shilling each.

I know not if I know what true love is;
But if I know, then, if I love not him,
Methinks there is none other I can love.-
He paused, and in the pause she crept an inch
Nearer, and laid her hands about his feet. -
And he forgave me, and I could not speak.-
She said: they took her to themselves; and she

Dwelt with them, till in time their abbess died.
DEFINITION. - Pronouns that stand for persons or things are called
PERSONAL PRONOUNS.

The Personal Pronouns are, for the person speaking, or the first person, I, we; for the person spoken to, or the second person, thou or you, you; for the person spoken of, or the third person, he, she, it, they.

LESSON XXI. In the following Exercise, point out those Pronouns which stand for persons or things, and relate to or are connected with a word going before :

The man who gave me the horse ran away. The dog which was found in the street went mad. Those to whom we do a kindness ought to be grateful. The boy and the dog that you saw passed on. Solomon was the wisest man that ever lived. You envied the vigorous energy of those who can resist temptation. I had a dream which was not all a dream. The knights that gathered around stood silent.

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