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LONDON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 5, 1889.

though it reappears in another Arabian version,

viz., the Story of the Fisherman's Son,' in the CONTENT S.-No 158.

Wortley Montagu MS. of “The Nights '* - a NOTES :- Aladdin's Lamp, 1—The 'Ars Morlendi' Block second talisman was necessary to the hero for two Book, 2-Dickens and Figaro m London: 3Notes on purposes : (1) to enable him to escape from the Basb, 4 - Londonshire – Flies and Wolves - Taco-Casa- cave by means of the slave of the ring ; and (2) to doviana - Curious Etymology-Hampole's Version of the further his efforts to recover the magic palace and Psalms, 5-Pope's Vision Mediæval Names European his royal bride, carried away by order of the Women among Savages-Sheffield Plate-Marriage, 6.

magician as soon as he bad exchanged "new lamps QUERIES :-John Banyan-Monody on Henderson'-Bir A. Hart-Great Seal of Katherine Parr-Monte Video-Bishops for old” very advantageously. The slave of the of Norwich-Longitude and Marriage, 7—"A cool hundred lamp gives its possessor wealth galore and so forth. -Polydore Vergil – Death Warrant of Charles In-Cross But the great blunder is, that the genie is sumScapstone Figures – Medal Portraits – Water-marks-W. moned (like him of the ring) by rubbing the lamp; Fielding, 8 – Betham-Altar Inscriptions - Vertue-Mills while Aladdin found it burning in the cave, and * Logic - Capt. Marryat-Beveridge-Baptist May-Authors bad, of course, to extinguish the light in order to Wanted, 9.

carry

it REPLIES :-Wetherby, 9 — Egyptian Hierograms, 10 D whenever the lamp was lighted the genie would in.

away. And what the author forgot is that Lanthorn-Belgian Custom, 11-Sir M. Livesey -Chartist- stantly appear“ to obey,' &c.; and so he fell back - New English Dictionary - Constable's Pictures - Pits upon the usual manner in which magical rings are banger, 12- Kirk-Grims, 13-Quarles-Anonymous Poem- employed to summon their “slaves.”—by rubbing Children - Buonaparte's Habeas Corpus, 14 - Amsterdam them.+ In other versions or analogues of the story Bourse-Agincourt : Davy Gam-Herrick, 15-Beans in Leap of Aladdin—which is evidently of comparatively minster Library Hammonds—Poison-Aston's "Briel Sup- recent date—where a lamp is the wonder-worker it plement, 18- Nightcap Stratagem... Curiosities of Cata- must be lighted in order to summon its attendant

Bombastes Furioso" -Chaucer's Balade of Gentilnesse,' 17 spirit. Thus in the German story of the ‘Blue - Brussels Gazette '-" Our Father"-Arbuthnot, 18. Light,' in Grimm's collection, no sooner does the NOTES ON BOOKS:- Foster's Alumni Oxonienses' old soldier light the lamp he found at the bottom Loftie's ' Kensington, Picturesque and Historical.'

of the dry well than there appears before him “a Notices to Correspondents, &c.

black dwarf, with a hump on his back and a feather in his cap," who demands to know what he

wants, and so on. potes.

But there is an Indian story, in Mrs. Meer ALADDIN'S WONDERFUL LAMP.

Hasan Ali's 'Observations on the Mussulmans of I fancied that I had said “the last ” for a long

India ' (London, 1832), vol. ii. p. 324 ff., in which time to come about the story of Aladdin ('Alá-ed

a lighted lamp has the same property : Sbaykh Dio) and his lamp in my Popular Tales and Fic- Saddú, a bypocritical devotee, wandering into a tions, and afterwards in Appendix to vol. iii

. of neighbouring jungle one day, finds a copper cop, Sir Richard F. Burtou's 'Supplemental Nights”;

whereon were engraved certain characters which but I find that I have somehow overlooked what he could not with all his learning decipher. He how appears to me a very great absurdity in that takes it to his retreat, and at nightfall, being just Forld-renowned romance, as regards the mode of

then ip want of a good-sized lamp, he puts oil and using the lamp

a wick into the cup, and the instant it was lighted In by far the greater number of versions, variants, a.“ figure resembling a human being " stood before

him. “ Who art thou," demanded the shaykh, nd analogues of the story, both Asiatic and European, the wonder-working thing is a magical of a hermit ?" The figure replied: "I come at

" that dost thus intrude at this hour on the privacy em or ring, commonly obtained by the hero from the

summons of your lamp. I The possessor of that serpent, for services rendered "; and the hero laving befriended certain animals, generally a dog

vessel has four slaves, one of whom you see before od a cat, when his precious talisman is stolen you. We are genii, and can only be summoned by hese grateful animals recover it for him. I have the lighting up of this vessel. The number of your lsewhere pointed out that this is probably the slaves will be in due attendance according to the

number of the wicks that it may please you to riginal form of the story; and, if so, then it is cerainly of Buddhist invention. But in the tale of light. Demand our attendance at any hour you Waddin the young hero has two talismans, namely,

* This story is translated in Dr. Jonathan Scott's edi. be ring, which the magician gives him for his pro- tion of the Arabian Nights Entertainments, vol. vi. ection before he descends into the cave, and the pp: 210-212; and in Sir R. F. Burton's Supplemental imp, of which he becomes possessed through the Nights,' vol. iv. pp. 314-329. aagician foolishly shutting him in the cave--to according to the finger on which it is placed.

† Sometimes a magical ring has different properties Prish, as he vainly believed. As the element of

† Evidently it was a lamp, not a cup, as the shaykh le grateful animals is omitted in the story- supposed.

choose, and we are bound to obey." This wicked plate x., which, as is well known, has for year shaykh gives the four genii of his lamp many tasks been an enigma to connoisseurs. to perform, most of them such as were repugnant It may be well first to observe that the famou to them (for it appears these were very scru. original, purchased by the British Museum in 1879 pulous” genii, such as would not have suited Alad. for upwards of 1,0001., is a block-book, executed din's pretended uncle, the Maghrabl), and one of in the opinion of the Keeper of the Printed Books the tasks at once recalls Aladdin and the Princess in the best style of art prevalent at the time of Badr-ul-Badúr. He caused them to convey the king's its production," and consists of but twelve separate daughter to him," and she was his unwilling com- sheets, of two leaves each, printed on the inne panion" in his retreat. But there was soon to be side only. There are eleven illustrations, each an end of bis wickedness ; for when the genii, by occupying a whole page, opposite each of which is his order, were beginning to raise a remarkable given an explanatory letterpress. The Holbein mosque, situated at a considerable distance, in Society's reproduction of this small and unique order to carry it to the place where the shaykh volume has the great advantage of an introduction, dwelt, the devotee who had his abode therein, in which the writer, Mr. George Bullen, F.S.A., a man of undoubted sanctity-sent them off with besides giving much interesting bibliographical in a flea in their ear," in this wise : “Begone,” said formation, describes the various plates, and exthe pious man, in a tone of authority that deprived plains their often recondite meaning. them of their strength. “A moment's delay, and Having myself examined a good deal of this I will pray that you be consumed with fire. Would literature in preparing my Christian Care of the Shaykh Saddú add to his crimes by forcing the Dying and the Dead," I hope I may say, without house of God from its foundation ? Away this presumption, that the introduction seems to me to moment! else fire shall consume you on the spot.” be admirable, one explanation only, that of plate I., They fled in haste to their profane master, whose being excepted. It begins on p. 15 thus :rage was unbounded at their disobedience, as he termed their return without the mosque. He raved, angel who comes to support and console the dying man,

“Following this is an engraving (No. 10) of the good stormed, and reviled them in bitter language, while thus tempted to endanger his salvation through inwhile they, heartily tired of their servitude, caught dulging in the sin of avarice; the accompanying letter. up the copper vessel, and in his struggle to resist press being headed' Bona inspiracio ang'li contra avaricia? them he was thrown with violence on the ground, In this engraving the guardian angel stands, as before, in and his wicked soul was suddenly separated from front of the

dying man, with his right hand raised in ex

hortation, and with a scroll on the right of the picture his impure body.

bearing the words, 'Non sis auarus.'

Above the canopy Here we have the lamp of Aladdin, bat put to of the bedstead, on the right, is a representation of its proper use—lighted-in order to summon the the Blessed Virgin, and next to this, on the left, is a fullgenii; we have also the princess being conveyed to length figure of the Holy Jesus stretched on the cross (9). Aladdin, as I have before remarked, and a reflec. Next to this

on the left, somewhat lower down, are three

figures of sheep, shown principally by their heads. Next tion of "Magbrabl's causing the palace to be re- to these, on the left, are three figures, namely, of a man moved to a far distant place. It would be interesting and two women (c); just below the second woman is the to ascertain the source whence Mrs. Meer Hasan figure of a maiden (b), and above her, on the extreme Ali derived this singular story, which bears out, I left, is the head of a man (d). What this group of figures think, my opinion that the author of the tale of is intended to symbolize it would be difficult to conjecAladdin has greatly blundered in representing the and with a staff in his hand,

is perhaps a representation

ture. The man (e), standing as he doos next to the sheep, lamp as requiring to be rubbed, and not lighted. of a good shepherd. They all of them, however, appear The appearance of one or more of the four attend to look towards the dying man with feelings of compas. ant genii of the wicked shaykh's lamp, according to sion, Below this group is the figure of an angel, with & the number of wicks that were lighted, has its scroll bearing the words," Ne intendas amicis" (Do not parallel in another Asiatic story; but this note is both hands an outspread curtain, intended to conceal

concern thyself for thy friends). This angel holds with already too long.

W. A. CLOUSTON. from the dying man's view (a) two full-length figures, 233, Cambridge Street, Glasgow.

one of a woman on the right and the other of a man on the left; both possibly being disappointed expectants of

sharing in the dying man's wealth; or else the female THE “ARS MORIENDI' BLOCK-BOOK (1450),

figure representing his wife and the male figure that of

his physician. The latter appears to be exhorting bie PLATE THE TENTH,

female companion to depart from the scene, At the foot While examining not long ago a reproduction of the picture, on the right, is the figure of an ugly of Caxton's Trayttye abredged of the Arte to Lerne demon with a scroll bearing the words ' Quid faciam." well to Dye' (1490), for comparison with it I took I beg to offer the following as a new interpretadown the Holbein Society's marvellous facsimile, tion of the plate above described by Mr. Bullen. by Mr. F. C. Price, of the 'Ars Moriendi' named On reference to the work itself it will be found at the head of this paper. I was thus led to con- that the preceding letterpress contains Satan's sider again this fine work, pausing especially at temptation to avarice, with a plate (ix.) represent

ing various forms of self-seeking. Plate x. is a all transitory things wholly away like poison, and picture of self-renunciation, as appears from the turn his heart's affection to voluntary poverty, &c.

Bona Inspiracio” of the angel, which faces it, From this part of the angel's address the artist and of which a short account must now be given. completes his plate with a picture of the Eternal

* Turn thine ears (saith the angel] away from the Son giving up (f) the over-blessed mother that deadly suggestions of the devil......Put wholly behind bare Him--that Son of Man who for us men thee all temporal things, the recollection of which can fathomed the greatest depths of poverty, volunDot at all help thy salvation...... Be mindful of the words tarily renouncing upon the cross (9) all things that of the Lord to them who cling to such things: Nisi quis were His own, not retaining even dear life. renunciaverit omnibus quæ possidet non potest meus esse discipulus ' (St. Luke xiv. 33)."

As illustrating the foregoing view it is interestThe artist illustrates this principle by selecting ing to read in Caxton's Arte to Lerne well to some of the examples mentioned in the verse imme- Dye,' p. 8, that diately afterwards quoted by the angel, who saith:- "the fyfthe temptacyon that most troubleth the " And again, 'Si quis venit ad Me et non odit patrem outwarde thinges and temporall, as towarde his wyf his

seculers and worldly mon, is the overgrete ocupacyon of suum et matrem, et uxorem, et filios, et fratres, et sorores; chyldren & his frendes carnall / towarde his rychesses or adhuc non potest meus esse discipulus' (St. Luke xiv. 26)." towarde other thynges / which he hath moost loved in his The artist places in the forefront of his picture an lyf / And therfore whosomever wyll' well

' & surely deyo angel saying, "Do not concern thyself for thy he ought

to set symply and all' from hym all'e outwarde friends, and holding up, with both hands, & cur- god fully."

thynges & temporell’, and oughto all'o to commytte to tain (a) between the dying man and an elderly couple-his father and mother-to whom the sick

Those of my readers who are not yet acquainted man, to their own sorrow, has already bidden, it with the Ars Moriendi'can, I should think, seems, a glad farewell. I seo no medical emblems scarcely give themselves a greater literary treat with or near the man that would lead me to sup: the apparatus criticus provided in the edition I

than by making its acquaintance with the help of pose him to be intended for the physician. Next (b), above the foreground, is represented his wife,

W. H. SEWELL.

bave used. like himself young, who looks at him with piteous

Yaxley Vicarage, Suffolk, gaze, her hair being dishevelled—the usual sign of female mourning-anticipating the near approach

DID CHARLES DICKENS CONTRIBUTE TO 'FIGARO of widowhood. I do not think that dishevelled IN LONDON'?-In the elaborate and exhaustive hair is a form of mourning ever exclusively used Dickens Catalogue' (pp. 38), compiled and pubby "a maiden."

lished by Messrs. J. W. Jarvis & Son, 28, King Besides (as the angel continues), the Lord saith William Street, Strand, 1884, is a notice of Figaro to them who have renounced those things :- in London, with this remark :

"Et omnis qui relinquiret domum vel fratres, vel This was the precursor of Punch, and is full of Borores, aut patrem, aut matrem, aut uxorem, aut filios, chatty, racy anecdotes and jokes, said to be written by aut agros, propter nomen meum, centuplum accipiet, et Charles Dickens and Gilbert à Beckett."-P. 23. vitam eternam possidebit” (St. Matthew xix. 29). No mention of this is made in the list of “PublicaFrom this verse the masterly engraver enriches his tions to which Dickens contributed only a portion” plate with fresh instances of self-renunciation, (pp. 32–3), in Mr. James Cook's very valuable namely, (c) two sisters, with braided hair, stand- Bibliography of the Writings of Charles Dickens' ing a little behind the wife ; and yet further back (London, Frank Kerslake, 22, Coventry Street, (d) the dying man's brother, the expression of Haymarket, 1879, pp. 88). "I may remark, in passwhose countenance is very beautiful, of all of ing, that the excellent woodcut on. Mr. Cook's whom the sufferer has to take his leave. Children title-page, giving a most spirited likeness-bust of are not supposed to be born of so young a wife ; Dickens, was drawn by M. Faustin, and originnone are represented. But the dying man has to ally appeared in Figaro (Mr. James Mortimer's take leave of his lands, "aut agros.And these (e) London Figaro, on the staff of which I remained are represented by their occupants-sheep that for upwards of five years) on Sept. 27, 1873. The graze them and a bailiff who, staff in hand, shep-mention of this is suggested by the coincidence of herds the flock-perhaps so placed by the artist Dickens and the two London Figaros. not without a mystic allusion to the shepherd who I possess an original copy of "Figaro in London. in the deserts of the East has sometimes to give Vol. I. For the Year 1832" (William Strange, his life for his sheep (St. John z. 11).

21, Paternoster Row). It consists of fifty-six Remember also (adds the angel) the poverty of weekly issues, commencing with that for Dec. 10, Christ hanging for thee upon the cross, most freely 1831. There was a second volume, which, from giving up for thy salvation His most dearly loved Aug. 16, 1834, to the close, was illustrated by mother and His best beloved disciples. The angel Isaac Robert Cruiksbank in place of Robert Seybegs the dying man to imprint on his mind these mour, whose remarkably clever political caricatures things and the examples of the saints, and to put -coarsely engraved, and often at Seymour's own expense—had been the mainstay of à Beckett's is not new, however, for in a book of dialogues (in serial. It was continued under the editorship of Italian and English) between an Italian master and H. Mayhew, with Seymour once again as its artist; bis English young lady pupil, written by Joseph and I believe (query) that two volumes were thus Baretti (London, 1775), I find, in p. 168, the young published If such is the case, Figaro in London lady, whose real Christian name is supposed to be had an existence of four years, which included the Esther, called "Queeney” (sic) by her master, who period of the Sketches by Boz'and the wondrous says to her, rise of Pickwick,' with Seymour as its artist. “Reginuccia mia, a che state voi pensando?"

On Jan. 1, 1833, Gilbert à Beckett started “My dear Queenoy, what are you thinking about 1" Figaro's Monthly Newspaper, price threepence, It will be observed that the book is written by an and also edited the Comic Magazine (1832-4), to Italian, and that the Italian in this case precedes the earlier numbers of which Seymour contributed the English which is intended to be a translation numerous designs. It seems quite possible that of it. The question arises, therefore, Did Mr. Charles Dickens may have been a contributor to Baretti use “Queeney” because he had heard it Figaro in London. Is there any proof of this ? If used in England, or did he use it because in similar such was the case, it would be not a little interesting cases “Reginuccia” was then used in Italy? I to find that he and Seymour were engaged on the have some ground for supposing that he did find same publication while as yet Mr. Pickwick was “Queeney” in use in England, for I once met with unborn.

CUTHBERT BEDE. it in an English book of somewhere about the same NOTES ON EPICTETUS.- Mr. T. W. Rolleston, besides which, it is scarcely probable that an Italian

time, but, unfortunately, I did not take a note of it; in his admirable introduction to the recent volume writer should have introduced the use of an Engof the “Camelot Series,” entitled “The Teaching lish word into England. But "Reginuccia” may, of Epictetus,' has enumerated two previous Eng for all that, have been used similarly in Italy. lish renderings of the Helot sage,

the
one [he

F. CHANCE, says] by Mrs. Carter, published

in the last century,

Sydenham Hill. the other by the late George Long, M.A. (Bohn Series)." It may not be amiss to add that the CoLT, COLTES.- A recently published 'History translation of Mrs. Carter was first published in of Walsall' gives obscure details of some local 1758, and that many years anterior to this Dr. colts, by which it appears that a shilelagh, or club, George Stanhope, Dean of Canterbury, born 1660, is personified as a warrior. This seems to suggest died 1728, a yoluminous author and translator, a a reference to "a good thrashing," which I have prominent member of the Established Church, dis- beard termed "a colting," but do not see it so detinguished alike for the strength of his intellect and fined in Bailey, Halliwell, Skeat, or Stormonth. the refinement of his imagination, published a work We read that the excesses of the above colts bebearing the following title : “Epictetus his Morals, came a Star Chamber matter; that at one time with Simplicius his Comment. Made English their number amounted to a thousand; but they from the Greek by George Stanhope, 1694.” An- became extinct in 1870.

A. HALL. other edition of this, with a 'Life of Epictetus,' [In the 'Encyclopædic Dictionary' a rope's end followed in 1700, 8vo.

knotted and used for punishment is given as a figurative The translation of Stanhope is clearly the work meaning of coll.] of a purist, but of a purist who, with all his elegance of phrase and delicate turn of expression, tions be of use to Dr. Murray if he lives to get to

REVEREND AND REVERENT.—Will these quotadoes not lose sight of the real end of literature.

R? Anent the doctrines of the Pyrrhonists, which

Reverent for reverend: in the introduction of Mr. Rolleston are stated with clearness, brevity, and precision, we shall announced the universal corruption of the capital of the

" The contempt for female modesty and reverent age make no apology for inserting the excellent remark East.”—Gibbon, ‘Decline and Fall,' chap. xxiv. (vol. iv, of Plato :

p. 144, ed. 1788). “When you say all things are incomprehensible, do you Reverend for reverent :comprehend or conceive that they are thus incompre

Keep thou meek Mary's mien, divinely fair, hensible, or do you not? If you do, then something is

Thy Saviour to approach with reverend care. comprehensible; if you do not, there is no reason we should believe you, since you do not comprehend your

Williams, ' Cathedral,' p. 172, ed. 1839. own assertions."

C. F. S. WARREN, M.A. C. C. Dove.

Foleshill Hall, Coventry. Armley.

Bush.-Dr. Murray explains this word to mean QUEENIE AS A PET NAME.- Of late years the “a shrub, particularly one with close branches fashion has been somewhat prevalent of giving to arising from or near the ground; a small clump of little or young girls, instead of their own Christian shrubs apparently forming one plant. Nothing name, the pet name of “Queenie.” This practice can be more exact or accurate than this. He further

informs us that in the northern dialects the mean. true, our Australian cousins might try the experiing of bush is extended to include nettles, ferns, ment of straining wires, and thus protecting their and rushes. Probably the most widely known ex- sheep from the ravages of the dingo ; indeed, the ample of this use of the word occurs in the ballad Government should undertake the duty. of the Battle of Otterbourne,' where the Douglas

HENRY L. TOTTENHAM. says --O bury me by the bracken bush,

“Tace,” LATIN FOR A HORSELOCK. -The usual Beneath the blooming brier,

proverb or caution runs thus: “Don't you know Let never living mortal ken

that tace is Latin for a candle ?” In the 'Beaufort That ere a kindly Scot lies here.

Papers,' just published, pp. 48 and xvi, may be Scott, ‘Border Min.,' ed. 1861, vol. i. p. 360. found this anecdote :I have, however, come recently upon a very good “The reason of Edmond of Langley impress of the instance of it in reading Prof. Knight's 'Prin- Falcon in a Fetterlock was an intimac'on that he was cipal Shairp and his Friends.' Shairp and some shutt up from all hope of this Kingdom when his brother friends of his were in the woods near Loudoun John began to prtend to it: Whereupon observing his

sons to be looking upon this device sett up in a window, Castle, and he said to them :

Asked thom what was Latin for such an Horselock, “Now, friends, this is the last time we shall all meet whereat ye young Gentlemen considering: The father together; I know that well. Let us have a memorial of sayd, Well if you cannot tell me I will tell you, Hic ha's our meeting. Yonder are a number of primrose bushes. hoc Taceatis, as advizeing them to be silent and quiet, Each of you take up one root with his own hands; I will and therewith all sayd, Yétt Gód knoweth what may do the same; and we shall plant them at the manse in come to pass hereafter. (Thence perhaps may proceed remembrance of this day. So we each did, and carried the usual caution to keep a secret, which I have often home each his own primrose bush."—P. 27.

heard in Worcestershire and elsewhere attended with It would be interesting to know whether these these words, Tace is Latin for an Horselock).” primrose bushes are growing still in the manse gar- If my memory serves me, an explanation of the den. If they are, they form a pathetic living caution,.." Why is tace said to be Latin for a memorial of a man of whom all Scotchmen have candle ?” has been more than once demanded in reason to be proud. EDWARD PEACOCK,

your columns.

BOILEAU. Bottesford Manor, Brigg.

[See 7th S. v. 85, 235, 260, 393.] LONDONSHIRE.-The City of London, with its CASANOVIANA.—Mémoires,' vol. vi. pp. 46–47. liberties, is, or was, a county in itself, located in Scene, a court of justice :Middlesex. Our new jurisdiction creates a county " Au fond j'aperçus, assis dans un fauteuil, un vieillard of London, it being the

great metropolis minus the qui portait un bandeau sur la vue et qui écoutait les exCity, extending into Essex, Kent, and Surrey. plications de plusieurs inculpés. C'etait le juge ; on me Upon the precedent of Yorkshire, Leicestershire, dit qu'il était aveugle et qu'il s'appelait Fielding; J'etais &c., this new jurisdiction should be named London en présence du célèbre auteur de Tom Jones. shire.

A. H.

Casanova was in London in 1763. The author of

"Tom Jones' died at Lisbon in 1754. The judge FLIES AND WOLVES. —When visiting a friend bere mentioned was probably Sir John Fielding, last summer he called my attention to a curious half-brother of the novelist and his successor as a plan for preventing the plague of flies in his house. justice for Middlesex. Though blind from his The upper sash of one of the windows in his sitting childhood, he is said to have discharged his office room being open for ventilation, there was suspended with great credit, and died 1780. An error on the outside a piece of common fishing-net. My friend part of a foreigner easily accounted for. told me that not a fly would venture to pass

RICHARD EDGCUMBE. through it. He has watched for an hour at a time,

33, Tedworth Square, S.W. and seen swarms fly to within a few inches of the A Corious ETYMOLOGY.-If ever an etymonet, and then, after buzzing about for a little, logy” deserved to be “. gibbeted,” certainly the depart. He told me the flies would pass through following deserves it richly. It is from the Genthe net if there was a thorough light—that is, tleman's Magazine, Dec., 1888, p. 605 :another window in the opposite wall. Though the

One word in conclusion on the word gallows. The day was very warm, I did not see a single fly in the old word for the gibbet is galg, and gallow is the low or room during my visit, though elsewhere in the place for the gibbet.” town they were to be seen in abundance. I sup. It follows that gallows are " the places for the gibpose they imagine the net to be a spider's web, or bet,” which is highly satisfactory. In what language some other trap intended for their destruction.

the “old word " galg occurs in a monosyllabic My friend mentioned the curious fact that in form we are not told. Such is "etymology” in Rassia no wolves will pass under telegraph wires, the nineteenth century.

CELER. and that the Government are utilizing this valuable discovery, and already clearing districts of the HAMPOLE'S VERSION OF THE PSALMS.-I have country from these brutes. If this information be said in 'Specimens of English,' part ii. p. 107, that

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