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but rather to their condemnation do eat and 3. Of repairing and keeping clean of drink the sign or sacrament of so great a thing.

Churches.
Art. XXX. Of both Kinds.

4. Of good Works : first of Fasting. The cup of the LORD is not to be denied to

5. Against Gluttony and Drunkenness. the lay-people: for both parts of the Lord's

6. Against Excess of Apparel.

7. Of Prayer. sacrament by Christ's ordinance and com. mandment, ought to be ministered to all

8. Of the place and Time of Prayer. Christian men alike.

9. That Common Prayers and Sacra.

ments ought to be ministered in a ART. XXXI. Of the one Oblation of CHRIST

known Tongue. finished upon the Cross.

10. Of the reverent Estimation of God's The offering of Christ once made, is that

Word. perfect redemption, propitiation, and satisfaction 11. Of Alms-doing. for all the sins of the whole world, both original 12. Of the Nativity of CHRIST. and actual ; and there is none other satisfaction 13. Of the Passion of CHRIST. for sin, but that alone. Wherefore the sacri. 14. Of the Resurrection of CHRIST. fice of masses, in which it was commonly said, 15. Of the worthy receiving of the Sacra. that the priest did offer Christ for the quick ment of the Body and Blood of and the dead, to have remission of pain or

CHRIST. guilt, were blasphemous fables, and dangerous 16. Of the Gifts of the HOLY GHOST. deceits.

17. For the Rogation-days. ART. XXXII. Of the Marriage of Priests.

18. Of the State of Matrimony.

19. Of Repentance. Bishops, Priests, and Deacons, are not commanded by God's law, either to vow the estate

20. Against Idleness. of single life, or to abstain from marriage :

21. Against Rebellion. therefore it is lawful for them, as for all other

[This Article is received in this Church, so Christian men, to marry at their own discretion; far as it declares the Books of Homilies to be an as they shall judge the same to serve better to explication of Christian doctrine, and instructive godliness.

in piety and morals. But all references to the

constitution and laws of England are considered ART. XXXIII. Of excommunicate, Persons, as inapplicable to the circumstances of this how they are to be avoided.

Church, which also suspends the order for the That person which by open denunciation of reading of said Homilies in churches until a the Church is rightly cut off from the unity of revision of them may be conveniently made, the Church, and excommunicated, ought to be for the clearing of them, as well from obsolete taken of the whole multitude of the faithful, as words and phrases, as from the local references.] an Heathen and publican, until he be openly Art. XXXVI. Of Consecration of Bishops reconciled by penance, and received into the

and Ministers. Church by a judge that hath authority thereunto.

The Book of Consecration of Bishops, and ART. XXXIV. Of the Traditions of the Ordering of Priests and Deacons, as set forth Church

by the General Convention of this Church in It is not necessary that traditions and cere. 1792, doth contain all things necessary to such monies be in all places one, or utterly like; for consecration and ordering; neither hath it any at all times they have been divers, and may be thing that, of itself, is superstitious and ungodly : changed according to the diversity of countries, and, therefore, whosoever are consecrated or times, and men's manners, so that nothing be ordered according to said form, we decree all ordained against God's word. Whosoever, such to be rightly, orderly, and lawfully consethrough his private judgment, willingly and crated and ordered. purposely doth openly break the traditions and Art. XXXVII. Of the Power of the Civil ceremonies of the Church, which be not repug:

Magistrates. nant to the word of God, and be ordained and approved by common authority, ought to be

The power of the civil magistrate extendeth rebuked openly (that other may fear to do the to all men, as well clergy as laity, in all things like) as he that offendeth against the common temporal; but hath no authority in things order of the Church, and hurteth the authority purely spiritual. And we hold it to be the of the magistrate, and woundeth the consciences duty of all men who are professors of the of the weak brethren.

Gospel, to pay respectful obedience to the civil Every particular or national Church hath authority, regularly and legitimately constituted authority to ordain, change, and abolish cere. ART. XXXVIII. Of Christian Men's Goods, monies, or rites of the Church, ordained only

which are not common. by man's authority, so that all things be done to edifying.

The riches and goods of Christians are not

common, as touching the right, title, and pos. Art. XXXV. Of Homilies. session of the same, as certain Anabaptists do The second Book of Homilies, the several falsely boast. Notwithstanding, every man titles whereof we have joined, under this Article, ought of such things as he possesseth, liberally doth contain a godly and wholesome doctrine, to give alms to the poor, according to his ability. and necessary for these times, as doth the former Book of Homilies, which were set forth Art. XXXIX. Of a Christian Man's Oath. in the time of Edward the Sixth, and therefore

As we confess that vain and rash swearing is we judge them to be read in churches by the forbidden Christian men by our Lord JESUS ministers diligently and distinctly, that they Christ, and James his Apostle : so we judge may be understanded of the people.

that Christian religion doth not prohibit, but

that a man may swear when the magistrate Of the Names of the Homilies.

requireth, in a cause of faith and charity, so it 1. Of the right Use of the Church. be done according to the prophet's teaching in 2. Against Peril of Idolatry.

justice, judgment, and truth.

THE

FORM AND MANNER OF MAKING, ORDAINING, AND CONSECRATING

BISHOPS, PRIESTS, AND DEACONS,

ACCORDING TO THE ORDER OF THE PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH IN THE UNITED STATES OP

AMERICA, AS ESTABLISHED BY THE BISHOPS, THE CLERGY, AND LAITY OF SAID CHURCH, IN GENERAL CONVENTION, IN THE MONTH OP SEPTEMBER, A. D. 1792.

THE PREFACE.

It is evident unto all men, diligently reading holy Scripture and ancient authors, that from the

Apostles' time there have been these Orders of Ministers in Christ's Church,-Bishops, Priests, and Deacons. Which offices were evermore had in such reverend estimation, that no man might presume to execute any of them, except he were first called, tried, examined, and known to have such qualities as are requisite for the same; and also by public prayer, with imposition of hands, were approved and admitted thereunto by lawful authority. And therefore, to the intent that these Orders may be continued, and reverently used and esteemed in this Church, no man shall be accounted or taken to be a lawful Bishop, Priest, or Deacon, in this Church, or suffered to execute any of the said functions, except he be called, tried, examined, and admitted thereunto, according to the form hereafter following, or hath had

Episcopal Consecration or Ordination. And none shall be admitted a Deacon, Priest, or Bishop, except he be of the age which the Canon

in that case provided may require. And the Bishop knowing, either by himself, or by sufficient testimony, any person to be a man

of virtuous conversation, and without crime ; and, after examin: on and trial, finding him sufficiently instructed in the holy Scripture, and otherwise learned as the Canons require, may, at the times appointed, or else, on urgent occasion, upon some other day, in the face of the Church, admit him a Deacon, in such manner and form as followeth.

THE FORM AND MANNER OF MAKING DEACONS.

When the day appointed by the Bishop is come, after Morning Prayer is ended, there shall be a Sermon, or Exhortation, declaring the Duty and Office of such as come to be admitted Deacons ; how necessary that Order is in the Church of CHRIST, and also how the people

ought to esteem them in their office. T A Priest shall present unto the Bishop, sitting which he ought not to be admitted to

in his chair near to the holy table, such as that Office, let him come forth in the desire to be ordained Deacons, each of them

name of God, and show what the crime being decently habited, saying these words : REVEREND father in God, I pre- . And if any great crime or impediment be

or impediment is. sent unto you these persons present, to

objected, the Bishop shall cease from Ordering be admitted Deacons.

that person, until such time as the party

accused shall be found clear of that crime. 1 The Bishop.

1 Then the Bishop (commending such as shall TAKE heed that the persons whom

be found meet to be Ordered, to the prayers

of the congregation) shall, with the clergy ye present unto us, be apt and meet for and people present, say the Litany. their learning and godly conversation, " Then shall be said the service for the Com.

munion, with the Collect, Epistle, and Gospel, to exercise their ministry duly to the

as followeth.
honour of God, and the edifying of his
Church

The Collect.
The Priest shall answer :

ALMIGHTY God, who by thy I HAVE inquired concerning them, divine Providence hast appointed divers and also examined them, and think them orders of ministers in thy Church, and so to be.

didst inspire thine Apostles to choose

into the Order of Deacons the first Then the Bishop shall say unto the People :

martyr Saint Stephen, with others; BRETHREN, if there be any of mercifully behold these thy servants you, who knoweth any impediment, or now called to the like office and adminotable crime in any of these persons nistration; so replenish them with the presented to be ordered Deacons, for the truth of thy doctrine, and adorn them

with innocency of life, that both by

The Bishop. word and good example they may faith- DO you think that you are truly fully serve thee in this office, to the called, according to the will of our Lord glory of thy name, and the edification of Jesus Christ, and according to the thy Church, through the merits of our Canons of this Church, to the ministry Saviour Jesus Christ, who liveth and of the same ? reigneth with thee and the Holy Answer. I think so. Ghost, now and for ever. Amen.

The Bishop.
The Epistle. 1 Tim. ïïi. 8.

DO you unfeignedly believe all the LIKEWISE must the Deacons be canonical Scriptures of the Old and grave, not double-tongued, not given to New Testament? much wine, not greedy of filthy lucre; Answer. I do believe them. holding the mystery of the faith in a

The Bishop. pere conscience. And let these also

first

WILL you diligently read the same

unto the people assembled in the church of a Deacon, being found blameless. Even so must their wives be grave, not where you shall be appointed to serve ?

Answer. I will. slanderers, sober, faithful in all things. Let the Deacons be the husbands of one

The Bishop. wife, ruling their children and their own

IT appertaineth to the office of a houses well

. For they that have used Deacon, in the church where he shall the office of a Deacon well, purchase to be appointed to serve, to assist the Priest themselves a good degree, and great in divine service, and specially when he boldness in the faith which is in CHRIST ministereth the Holy Communion, and JESUS.

to help him in the distribution thereof; 1 Or else this, out of the sixth Chapter of the and to read holy Scriptures and Homilies Acts of the Apostles.

in the church; and to instruct the youth Acts vi. 2.

in the Catechism; in the absence of the THEN the twelve called the multi- Priest to baptize infants ; and to preach, tude of the disciples unto them, and said, if he be admitted thereto by the Bishop. It is not reason that we should leave the And furthermore, it is his office, where word of God, and serve tables. Where- provision is so made, to search for the fore, brethren, look ye out among you sick, poor, and impotent people of the seven men of honest report, full of the parish, to intimate their estates, names, Holy Ghost and wisdom, whom we and places where they dwell, unto the may appoint over this business. But Curate, that by his exhortation they we will give ourselves continually to may be relieved with the alms of the prayer, and to the ministry of the word. parishioners, or others : Will you do And the saying pleased the whole mul- this gladly and willingly? titude. And they chose Stephen, a man

Answer. I will so do by the help of full of faith and of the Holy Ghost, God. and Philip, and Prochorus, and Nicanor,

The Bishop and Timon, and Parmenas, and Nicolas a proselyte of Antioch: whom they set to frame and fashion your own lives, and

WILL you apply all your diligence before the Apostles : and when they had the lives of your families, according to prayed, they laid their hands on them. the doctrine of Christ; and to make And the word of God increased, and both yourselves and them, as much as the number of the disciples multiplied in in you lieth, wholesome examples of the Jerusalem greatly, and a great company flock of Christ ? of the priests were obedient to the faith.

Answer. I will so do, the LORD being 1 Then shall the Bishop examine every one of my helper.

those who are to be Ordered, in the presence of the people. after this manner following:

The Bishop. DO you trust that you are inwardly WILL you reverently obey your moved by the Holy Ghost to take upon Bishop, and other chief ministers, who, you this office and ministration, to serve according to the Canons of the Church, God for the promoting of his glory, and may have the charge and government the edifying of his people ?

over you; following with a glad mind Answer. I trust so.

and will their godly admonitions ?

Answer. I will endeavour so to do, 11 The Communion ended, after the last collect, the LORD being my helper.

and immediately before the Benediction, shali

be said this Collect following: Then the Bishop, laying his hands severally

ALMIGHTY GOD, giver of all good upon the head of every

one of them humbly kneeling before him, shall say,

things, who of thy great goodness hast

vouchsafed to accept and take these thy TAKE thou authority to execute servants unto the office of Deacons in the office of a Deacon in the Church thy Church; make them, we beseech of God committed unto thee; In the thee, O LORD, to be modest, humble. name of the FATHER, and of the Son, and constant in their ministrativa, and of the Holy GHOST. Amen.

have a ready will to observe all spiri. 1 Then shall the Bishop deliver to every one of

discipline; that they having always th them the New Testament, saying,

testimony of a good conscience, and

continuing ever stable and strong in thy TAKE thou authority to read the Son Christ, may so well behave themGospel in the Church of God, and to selves in this inferior office, that they preach the same, if thou be thereto may be found worthy to be called unto licensed by the Bishop himself. the higher ministries in thy Church, I Then one of them appointed by the Bishop Jesus Christ; to whom be glory and

through the same thy Son our Saviour

honour, world without end. Amen. The Gospel. St. Luke xii. 35.

THE peace of God, which passeth LET your loins be girded about, and all understanding, keep your hearts and your lights burning, and ye yourselves minds in the knowledge and love of God, like unto men that wait for their Lord, and of his Son Jesus Christ our Lord: when he will return from the wedding; And the blessing of God ALMIGHTY, that when he cometh and knocketh, the FATHER, the Son, and the Holy they may open unto him immediately. Ghost, be amongst you, and remain Blessed are those servants whom the with you always. Amen. Lord when he cometh shall find watching: Verily I say unto you, That he and here it must be declared unto the Deacon,

that he must continue in that office of a shall gird himself, and make them to sit

Deacon the space of a whole year (except for down to meat, and will come forth and reasonable causes it shall otherwise seem serve them. And if he shall come in good unto the Bishop) to the intent he may the second watch, or come in the third be perfect, and well expert in the things watch, and find them so, blessed are

appertaining to the ecclesiastical administra.

tion; in executing whereof, if he be found those servants.

faithful and diligent, he may be admitted by

his Diocesan to the Order of Priesthood, at 1 Then shall the Bislop proceed in the Com. the times appointed in the Canon, or else, on

munion ;, and all who are Ordered, shall urgent occasion, upon some other day, in the tarry, and receive the Holy Communion the face of the Church, in such manner and form same day with the Bishop.

as hereaster followeth.

THE FORM AND MANNER OF ORDERING PRIESTS

When the day appointed by the Bishop is come, after Morning Prayer is ended, there shall be a Sermon, or Exhortation, declaring the Duty and Office of such as come to be admitted Priests ; how necessary that Order is in the Church of CHRIST, and also how the people ought to esteem them in their office.

I A Priest shall present unto the Bishop, sitting

1 The Bishop. in his chair near to the holy table, all those who are to receive the order of Priesthood

TAKE heed that the persons whom that day, cach of them being decently habited, and shall say :

ye present unto uš, be apt and meet for

their learning and godly conversation, REVEREND father in God, I pre- to exercise their ministry duly to the sent unto you these persons present, to honour of God, and the edifying of the be admitted to the order of Priesthood. Church.

followeth.

1 The Priest shall answer :

same also that ascended up far above all I HAVE inquired concerning them, heavens, that he might fill all things.) and also examined them, and think them And he gave some Apostles, and some

Prophets, and some Evangelists, and so to be.

some Pastors and Teachers, for the I Then the Bishop shall say unto the People : perfecting of the saints, for the work of GOOD people, these are they, whom of Christ; till we all come in the unity

the ministry, for the edifying of the body we purpose, God willing, to receive this of the faith' and of the knowledge of the day unto the holy office of Priesthood: Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto for after due examination, we find not the measure of the stature of the fulness to the contrary, but that they are law

of CHRIST. fully called to their function and ministry, and that they are persons meet for 1 After this shall be read for the Gospel, part the same. But yet if there be any of

of the ninth chapter of Saint Ma.iher, as you, who knoweth any impediment or notable crime in any of them, for the

St. Matt. ix. 36. which he ought not to be received into WHEN Jesus saw the multitudes, this holy ministry, let him come forth in he was moved with compassion on them, the name of God, and show what the because they fainted, and were scattered crime or impediment is.

abroad as sheep having no shepherd. 1 And if any great crime or impediment be Then saith he unto his disciples, The

objected, the Bishop shall cease from Ordering harvest truly is plenteous, but the la

that person, until such time as the party bourers are few: Pray ye therefore the 1 Then the Bishop (commending such as shall Lord of the harvest, that he will send

be found meet to be Ordered, to the prayers forth labourers into his harvest. of the congregation) shall, with the clergy or else this that followeth, out of the tenth and people present, say the Litany, with the prayers as is before appointed in the Form

chapter of Saint John. of Ordering Deacons ; save only, that in the

St. John X. 1, proper suffrage there added, the word Deacons shall be omitted, and the word Priests VERILY, verily, I say unto you, He

inserted instead of it. 1 Then shall be said the Service for the Com- that entereth not by the door into the munion, with the Collect, Epistle, and Gospel, sheep-fold, but climbeth up some other

way, the same is a thief and a robber. The Collect.

But he that entereth in by the door, is

the shepherd of the sheep. To him the ALMIGHTY God, giver of all good porter openeth, and the sheep hear his things, who by thy Holy Spirit hast voice; and he calleth his own sheep by appointed divers orders of ministers in name, and leadeth them out. And when the Church; mercifully behold these thy he putteth forth his own sheep, he goeth servants, now called to the office of before them, and the sheep follow him; for Priesthood; and so replenish them with they know his voice. And a stranger will the truth of thy doctrine, and adorn them they not follow, but will flee from him; with innocency of life, that both by for they know not the voice of strangers. word and good example they may faith- This parable spake Jesus unto them, fully serve thee in this office, to the but they understood not what things glory of thy name, and the edification of they were which he spake unto them. thy Church, through the merits of our Then said Jesus unto them again, Saviour JESUS CHRist, who liveth and Verily, verily, I say unto you, I am the reigneth with thee and the Holy door of the sheep. All that ever came Ghost, world without end. Amen.

before me are thieves and robbers; but The Epistle. Ephes. iv. 7.

the sheep did not hear them. I am the

door; by me if any man enter in, he UNTO every one of us is given grace shall be saved, and shall go in and out, according to the measure of the gift of and find pasture. The thief cometh CHRIST. Wherefore he saith, When not but for to steal, and to kill, and to he ascended up on high, he led captivity destroy : I am come that they might captive, and gave gifts unto men. (Now have life, and that they might have it that he ascended, what is it but that he more abundantly: I am the good shepalso descended first into the lower parts herd: the good shepherd giveth his life of the earth? He that descended, is the for the sheep. But he that is an hireling,

as followeth.

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