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18. The death of the lion had truly been a blessing, since it summoned up to my mind such pleasant remembrances of a far-away home, and of a mother whom I so dearly loved. No sweeter praise could have been bestowed; no greater triumph could have been won. 1 CÖR'PQ-RẠL. A non-commissioned | 4 Họ-'zon. The line where the sky officer, the lowest in rank, in

a a nd earth appear to meet. company of soldiers.

| 5 LÔÔMED ŬP. Stood up so as to be 3 CÄR'BĪNE. A small gun, in size be distinctly seen ; appeared larger

tween a pistol and a musket, car- than reality.
ried by cavalry.

6 UN'DY-LĀT-ING. Flowing; heaving • ÖVER-CAST. Covered with clouds. 1 as the waves of the sea move.

XXXVI. — THE WHALE FISHERY.

NORTH AMERICAN REVIEW. 1. The method of taking the whale, as practised by all nations, and for every species, is nearly as follows:- The whale is compelled to come frequently to the surface, for the purpose of breathing. The nearest boat approaches from behind, from which the harpoon' is launched into the huge carcass. This it is almost impossible to disengage, it being provided with two strong barbs”.

2. If not instantly killed, the whale sinks, and sinks often to a great depth. Exhausted by the immense superincumbent' pressure of the water, he sometimes comes up dead. Frequently he sinks only a short distance; but as soon as he rises, the whalemen endeavor to plunge into him the lance, an instrument of the finest steel, sharpened with the keenness of the surgeon's lancet.

3. Attached to the harpoon is a line, which, as the animal is disposed to sink or dash through the waves, is suffered to run loose around a small post in the stern of the boat; and it often flies with such rapidity that the harpooner is enveloped in smoke, and it frequently becomes

necessary to pour on water, to prevent the friction of the rope on the post, from generating“ flame.

4. If the line becomes entangled while the whale is sinking, the boat sometimes rears one end aloft, and makes a majestic dive into the deep. In the contest the boat is sometimes dashed to shivers, and the men experience no pleasant immersion", if they are fortunate enough to escape without broken limbs.

5. The whale, stung with the fatal wound, sometimes dashes along the surface with a deathlike energy; and the little boat, almost under water, flies with the velocity of the wind. If he escape, he escapes with a prize on which he has no cause of congratulation; for he carries, deeply buried in his body, one or more of the sharp instruments, and drags off several hundred fathoms of rope.

6. Our whalemen have found irons in the carcass of a whale, known to have been planted there several years before, on another ocean. As the warp flies, it sometimes throws its coils around the body of a man, and dragging him over in a moment, carries him into the ocean depths, from which he never more emerges. Sometimes it only dislocates or breaks the legs and arms of the unfortunate men who become entangled in the folds. · 7. A captain of a New London ship was caught by two coils of the warp, one around his body, and another around his leg. He had the presence of mind immediately to seize his knife, and after a while succeeded in cutting himself loose. He was carried, however, to a great depth, and when he returned to the surface, was almost exhausted.

8. The whale, when roused to desperation, makes an onset with his mouth only. Then he crushes a boat to atoms. A sperm whale once destroyed two boats of a Nantucket ship, and then attacked the ship; rushing with . tremendous force against her side, he crushed in her planks, and thus made a breach from which she soon sunk.

9. The whaler sometimes roams for months without finding his prey; but he is buoyed up by the expectation of finally reaping the profits of a great voyage. To some minds the pursuit of such gigantic game has a tinge of the romantic. There must be a thrilling excitement in the adventurous chase.

« The blood more stirs
To rouse a lion than to start a hare."

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10. Many become passionately attached to the business, notwithstanding its privations, and reluctantly leave it at last. They have moments of most pleasing anxiety, and mect with some incidents of the most enlivening cast.

11. On the south-east coast of Africa is Delego Bay, a calm, smooth place, frequented by vessels from various parts of the world. In this bay, a few years since,* a whale was observed almost equally distant from an American and an English ship. From both, the boats were lowered, manned, and pushed off in an instant. They sped with the velocity of the wind. The English, at first ahead, perceiving their rivals gaining on them, bore wide off' to keep them out of reach of the whale.

12. When the two boats were nearly abreast, one of the American sailors leaped from his seat, and with extraordinary agility hurled the ponderous harpoon over the English boat. It struck the monster in the vital part; the English boat shrunk back under the warp; the waves were crimsoned with blood; and the American took possession, while the whole bay echoed and reëchoed with repeated shouts of applause. I HÄR-PÔÔN'. A lance with a long strument for piercing, to prevent 6 ĮM-MËR'SIỌN. Act of putting wholly whale from which spermaceti is

shank, and a broad, triangular, flat its being extracted.

head, sharpened at both ends. 3 SŪ-PER-IN-CÜM'BÆNT. Lying over ? BARB$. Points turned backwards in or upon.

an arrow, fish-hook, or other in-/ 4 GEN'ER-ĀT-ING. Producing.

* Written in 1834.

under water or other fluid, or the extracted. state of being wholly under water ; 17 BEAR WIDE ÕPf. To keep away at a ducking.

I a distance from any thing. SPËRM WHĀLE. A blunt-headed | 8 PÕN'DER-OYS. Heavy.

XXXVII. — THE SOLITUDE OF ALEXANDER

SELKIRK.

COWPER.

[In 1704, Alexander Selkirk, a Scotchman, who was sailing-master of an English privateer, in consequence of a quarrel with the captain, was put ashore, at his own request, on the uninhabited island of Juan Fernandez, which lies about four hundred miles from the coast of Chili. He was well supplied with clothing, instruments, and arms, and remained on the island in solitude over four years, when he was taken off by an English vessel. His story is supposed to have suggested the well-known romance of Robinson Crusoe. This poem expresses the sentiments Selkirk may be imagined to have felt while on his solitary island.]

1. I am monarch of all I survey;

My right there is none to dispute;
From the centre all round to the sea,

I am lord of the fowl and the brute.
O Solitude! where are the charms

That sages have seen in thy face ?
Better dwell in the midst of alarms

Than reign in this horrible place.

2. I am out of humanity's' reach;

I must finish my journey alone;
Never hear the sweet music of speech;

I start at the sound of my own.
· The beasts that roam over the plain

My form with indifference see:
They are so unacquainted with man,

Their tameness is shocking to me.

3. Society, friendship, and love,

Divinely bestowed upon man,
O, had I the wings of a dove,

How soon would I taste you again!
My sorrows I then might assuage?

In the ways of religion and truth;
Might learn from the wisdom of age,

And be cheered by the sallies of youth.

4. Religion ! what treasure untold

Resides in that heavenly word !
More precious than silver and gold,

Or all that this earth can afford.
But the sound of the church-going bell

These valleys and rocks never heard,
Ne'er sighed at the sound of a knell,

Or smiled when a Sabbath appeared.

5. Ye winds, that have made me your sport

Convey to this desolate shore
Some cordial', endearing report

Of a land I shall visit no more :
My friends, do they now and then send

A wish or a thought after me?
O, tell me I yet have a friend,

Though a friend I am never to see.

6. How fleet is a glance of the mind!

Compared with the speed of its flight. The tempest itself lags behind,

And the swift-wingéd arrows of light,
When I think of my own native land,

In a moment I seem to be there;
But, alas ! recollection at hand

Soon burrios me back to despair,

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