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having been found guilty, and condemned to death, application was made to the council for mercy.
4. The evidence and the sentence were stated, and the president put the question whether a pardon should be granted. It was opposed by the first speaker: the case, he said, was perfectly clear; the act was unquestionably high treason, and the proof complete; and if mercy was shown in this case, he saw no reason why it should not be granted in every other.
5. Few governments have understood how just and politic 4 it is to be merciful: this hard-hearted opinion accorded with the temper of the times, and was acquiesced 5 in by one member after another, till it came to Mr. Edwards's turn to speak. Instead of delivering his opinion, he simply related the whole story of Jackson's singular demeanor, and what had passed between them in the woods.
6. For the honor of Massachusetts, and of human nature, be it said, not a man was found to weaken its effect by one of those dry, legal remarks, which, like a blast of the desert, wither the heart they reach. The council began to hesitate, and, when a member ventured to say that such a man certainly ought not to be sent to the gallows, a natural feeling of humanity and justice prevailed, and a pardon was immediately made out.
7. Never was a stronger proof exhibited that honesty is wisdom. And yet it was not the man's honesty, but his childlike simplicity, which saved his life; without that simplicity his integrity would have availed him little: in fact, it was his crime; for it was for doing what, according to the principles wherein he had been born and bred, he believed to be his duty, that he was brought to trial and condemned. This it is which renders civil and religious wars so peculiarly dreadful; and, in the history of such wars, every incident, which serves to reconcile us to humanity, ought carefully to be preserved.
1 High TRĒa'şon. The crime of at- | 3 CXŞ'Y-ẠL. Happening by chance ;
tempting to overthrow the govern accidental. meut.
| 4 PÕL'I-T°C. Prudent ; judicious. & EX-ĚC'Y-TĮVE. The person or per-5 XC-QUI-ESCED! ÎN Assented to i
sons that execute the laws of all agreed to. state,
6 DE-MEAN'QR, Behavior.
XLII. – THE ATMOSPHERE.
QUARTERLY REVIEW. 1. The atmosphere rises above us, with its cathedrat : dome, arching towards the heavens, to which it is the most familiar synonyme and symbol. It floats around us like that grand object which the apostle John saw in his vision -"a sea of glass like unto crystal.” So massive is it, that, when it begins to stir, it tosses about great ships like playthings, and sweeps cities and forests to destruction before it. And yet it is so mobile”, that we live years in it before we can be persuaded that it exists at all; and the great bulk of mankind never realize the truth that they are bathed in an ocean of air. Its weight is so enormous that iron shivers before it like glass; yet a soap bubble sails through it with impunity, and the tiniest insect waves it aside with its wing.
2. It ministers lavishly to all the senses. We touch it not; but it touches us. Its warm south wind brings back color to the pale face of the invalid; its cool west winds refresh the fevered brow, and make the blood mantle in our cheeks; even its northern blasts brace into new vigor the hardy children of our rugged clime.
3. The eye is indebted to it for all the magnificence of sunrise, the full brightness of midday, the chastened
radiance of the “gloamings,” and the “ clouds that cradle near the setting sun.” But for it the rainbow would want its “triumphal arch,” and the winds would not send their fleecy messengers on errands round the heavens. The cold weather would not shed its snow feathers on the earth, nor would drops of dew gather on the flowers. The kindly rain would never fall, nor hailstorm nor fog diversify & the face of the sky. Our naked globe would turn its tanned and unshadowed forehead to the sun, and one dreary, monotonous blaze of light and heat dazzle and burn up all things.
4. Were there no atmosphere, the evening sun would in a moment set, and without warning plunge the earth in darkness. But the air keeps in her hand a sheaf of his rays, and lets them slip slowly through her fingers; so that the shadows of evening gather by degrees, and the flowers have time to bow their heads, and each creature space to find a place of rest, and nestle to repose. In the morning, the gairish' sun would at once burst from the bosom of night, and blaze above the horizon; but the air watches for his coming, and sends at first one little ray to announce his approach, and then another, and by and by a handful; and so gently draws aside the curtain of night, and slowly lets the light fall on the face of the sleeping earth, till her eyelids open, and, like man, she “goeth forth again to her labor till the evening."
CA-THË' DRẠL. A church of very 3 MÕB'ÎLE. Movable ; light. large size.
| 4 CHĀST'ENED (chā'snd). Pure. 3 SYN'O-NÝME. One of two or more 5 GLOAM'ING. Twilight.
words having the same or a similar 6 DỊ-VËR'SI-FY. Give variety to. meaning.
17 GAIR'ISH, Gaudy; brightly shining.
XLIII. - SONG OF THE UNION.
CUMMINGS. [Rev. Dr. Cummings, a Catholic clergyman, was pastor of St. Stephen's Church, New York. He died January 4, 1866.]
1. ERE peace and freedom, hand in hand,
And make it their abode,
No king is feared but God.
2. Americans uprose in might,
For union made them strong;
· And crushed his hireling throng!
3. That word since then hath shone on high,
It is our country's name!
The banner of her fame?
4. The spirits of the heroic dead,
Would curse the dastard son
The charter' which they won.
5. From vast Niagara's gurgling roar
To Sacramento's golden shore,
From east to western wave,
“ The Union we must save!”
6. The God of nations, in whose name
Will bless our fond endeavor .
We will preserve forever!
1 CHÄR'TER. A written instrument, | 2 BLEND'ED. Mingled.
bestowing rights or privileges. 13 WEAL. Happiness ; prosperity.
XLIV.—THE BURIAL OF MOSES.
(" And he buried him in a valley in the land of Moab, over against Bethpeor but no man knoweth of his sepulchre unto this day.” — Deut. xxxiv. 6.]
1. By Nebo's lonely mountain,
On this side Jordan's wave,
There lies a lonely grave.
And no man saw it e'er;
And laid the dead man there.
2. That was the grandest funeral. •
That ever passed on earth;
Or saw the train go forth.
Comes when the night is done,