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tion as provided in section 1,519 of the Political Code. [Amendment approved 1915; Stats. 1915, p. 759.]

Acts establishing and relating to normal schools: See Gen. Laws, tit. “Schools."

Legislation & 1489. 1. Enacted March 12, 1872; based on Stats. 1869-70, p. 788, 88 4–11. 2. Amended by Code Amdts. 1873–74, p. 75. 3. By Stats. 1887, p. 137. 4. By Stats. 1897, p. 234. 5. By Stats. 1899, p. 77. 6. By Stats. 1905, p. 25. 7. By Stats. 1913, p. 809. 8. By Stats. 1915, p. 759.

§ 1490. Regular meetings of board. Each board of trustees must hold two regular meetings in each year, and may hold special meetings, at the call of the secretary, when directed by the chairman. (Amendment approved 1887; Stats. 1887, p. 138.]

Legislation g 1490. 1. Enacted March 12, 1872; based Stats. 1869–70, p. 790, $ 16. 2. Amended by Stats. 1887, p. 138.

§ 1491. Special meetings of board. The time and place of regular meetings must be fixed by the by-laws of the board. The secretary must give written notice of the time and place of special meetings to each member of the board. Each member shall be allowed his expenses in attending the meetings of the board, the bills to be audited the same as any bills for the maintenance of the school. [Amendment approved 1897; Stats. 1897, p. 235.]

Legislation § 1491. 1. Enacted March 12, 1872; based on Stats. 1869–70, p. 790, $$ 16, 19. 2. Amended by Stats. 1887, p. 138. 3. By Stats. 1897, p. 235.

§ 1492. of whom composed. Meetings. Powers and duties. [Repealed 1915; Stats. 1915, p. 758.]

Legislation & 1492. 1. Enacted March 12, 1872; based Stats. 1869–70, pp. 788, 789, $$ 2–14. 2. Amended by Stats. 1887, p. 138. 3. By Stats. 1897, p. 235. 4. By Stats. 1899, p. 78. 5. By Stats. 1903, p. 161. 6. By Stats. 1909, p. 248. 7. Repealed by Stats. 1915, p. 758.

§ 1493. Apportionment of pupils. [Repealed 1874; Code Amdts. 187374, p. 79.]

Legislation § 1493. 1. Enacted March 12, 1872; based on Stats. 1869–70, p. 789, § 11. 2. Repealed by Code Amdts. 1873–74, p. 79.

§ 1494. General qualifications for admission as pupils. Every person admitted as a pupil to the normal school course must be:

First-Of good moral character.
Second-Of sixteen years of age.

Third-Of that class of persons who, if of a proper age, would be admitted in the public schools of this state without restriction. [Amend. ment approved 1874; Code Amdts. 1873-74, p. 76.]

Legislation § 1494. 1. Enacted March 12, 1872; based on Stats. 1869–70, p. 789, § 12. 2. Amended by Code Amdts. 1873–74, p. 76.

$ 1495. Teachers entitled to admission. Teachers holding valid certificates to teach in any county in this state, may be admitted to any state normal school in the state. (Amendment approved 1897; Stats. 1897, p. 236.]

Legislation § 1495. 1. Enacted March 12, 1872; based on Stats. 1869-70, p. 789, § 11. 2. Amended by Stats. 1897, p. 236.

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$ 1496. Pupils from other states. Persons resident of another state may be admitted upon letters of recommendation from the governor or superintendent of schools thereof. [Amendment approved 1874; Code Amdts. 1873–74, p. 77.]

Legislation § 1496. 1. Enacted March 12, 1872; based on Stats. 1569–70, p. 789, § 13. 2. Amended by Code Amdts. 1873–74, p. 77. $ 1497. Pupils to file certain declaration. Every person making application for admission as a pupil to the normal school must, at the time of making such application, file with the president of the school a declaration that he enters the school to fit himself for teaching, and that it is his intention to engage in teaching in the public schools of this state, or in the state or territory where the applicant resides. [Amendment approved 1897; Stats. 1897, p. 236.]

Legislation § 1497. 1. Enacted March 12, 1872; based on Stats. 1869–70, p. 789, $ 12. 2. Amended by Code Amdts. 1873–74, p. 77. 3. By Stats. 1897, p. 236. $ 1498. Competitive examinations before county boards. [Repealed 1874; Code Amdts. 1873–74, p. 79.]

Legislation § 1498. 1. Enacted March 12, 1872; based on Stats. 1869–70, p. 789, § 11. 2. Repealed by Code Amdts. 1873–74, p. 79. $ 1499. Manner of examination. [Repealed 1874; Code Amdts. 1873– 74, p. 79.]

Legislation & 1499. 1. Enacted March 12, 1872; based on Stats. 1869–70, p. 789, § 11. 2. Repealed by Code Amdts. 1873–74, p. 79. $ 1500. Persons passing to be admitted as pupils, in what order. (Repealed 1874; Code Amdts. 1873–74, p. 79.]

Legislation $ 1500. 1. Enacted March 12, 1872; based on Stats, 1869-70, p. 789, § 11. 2. Repealed by Code Amdts. 1873–74, p. 79. $ 1501. President to make annual report. The president of each state bormal school must make a detailed annual report to the board of trustees, with a catalogue of the pupils, and such other particulars as the board may require or he may think useful. [Amendment approved 1897; Stats. 1897, p. 236.]

Legislation & 1501. 1. Enacted March 12, 1872; based Stats. 1869–70, p. 790, $ 15. 2. Amended by Stats. 1887, p. 138. 3. By Stats. 1897, p. 236. $ 1502. Principal may be permitted to attend county institutes. The board of trustees of any normal school, or its executive committee, may grant permission to the principal, or any teacher of such school, to attend any county institute, and give instruction on subjects relating to education in the public schools. [Amendment approved 1893; Stats. 1893, p. 302.)

Legislation 8 1502. 1. Enacted March 12, 1872; based Stats. 1869–70, p. 790, § 15. 2. Amended by Stats. 1893, p. 302.

$ 1503. Issuance of certificates or diplomas of normal school. (1) The board of trustees of each state normal school, upon the recommendation of the faculty, may issue to those pupils who worthily complete the full course of study and training prescribed, diplomas of graduation, either from the normal department or the kindergarten department, or both.

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(2) Such diploma from the normal department shall entitle the holder thereof to a certificate corresponding in grade to the grade of the diploma from any county, or city and county, board of education in the state. One from the kindergarten department shall entitle the holder to a certificate to teach in any kindergarten class of any primary school in the state.

(3) Whenever any county, or city and county, board of education shall present to the state board of education a recommendation showing that the holder of a normal school diploma from the normal department of any state normal school of the state of California, or of a diploma from any other normal school, that the state board of education shall declare to be equivalent to a diploma from the normal department of a state normal school of this state, has had a successful experience of two years in the public schools of this state, subsequent to the granting of such diploma, the state board of education shall grant to the holder thereof a document signed by the president and secretary of the state board, showing such fact. The said diploma, accompanied by said document of the state board attached thereto, shall ne a permanent ertificate of qualification to teach in any primary or grammar school in the state, valid until such time as the said diploma may be revoked, as provided in section fourteen hundred and eighty-nine of this code, or until such time as the document issued by the state board, as aforesaid, may be revoked or suspended as provided in subdivision five of section fifteen hundred and twenty-one of this code.

(4) Upon presentation of the diploma and document referred to in subdivision three of this section to any county, or city and county, superintendent of schools, said superintendent shall record the name of the holder thereof in a book provided for that purpose in his office, and the holder thereof shall henceforth be absolved from the requirement of subdivision one of section sixteen hundred and ninety-six of this code.

(5) Said diploma of graduation from any state normal school in this state, when accompanied by a document granted by the faculty of the state university on or before the thirtieth day of June, nineteen hundred and three, showing that the holder of such diploma has successfully completed the course of instruction in said university prescribed for students who are graduates of a normal school of this state, shall entitle such holder to a high school certificate authorizing the holder to teach in any grammar and primary school, and in any high school in this state. (Amendment approved 1901; Stats. 1901, p. 667.]

State board of education: Post, $$ 1517 et seq.

Legislation § 1503. 1. Enacted March 12, 1872; based on Stats. 1869–70, p. 788, 87. 2. Amended by Code Amdts. 1873–74, p. 77. 3. By Stats. 1887, p. 138. 4. By Stats. 1893, p. 267. 5. By Stats. 1897, p. 236. 6. By Stats. 1901, p. 667.

$ 1504. Secretary and board of trustees. [Repealed 1897; Stats. 1897, P. 237.]

Legislation & 1504. 1. Enacted March 12, 1872; based on Stats. 1869–70, p. 789, $ 14. 2. Amended by Code Amdts. 1873–74, p. 78. 3. By Stats. 1887, p. 139. 4. Repealed by Stats. 1897, p. 237.

$ 1505. Supervision by superintendent of public instruction. The superintendent of public instruction must visit each school from time to

time, inquire into its condition and management, enforce the rules and regulations made by the board, require such report as he deem proper from the teachers of the school, and exercise a general supervision of the same. [Amendment approved 1897; Stats. 1897, p. 237.]

Superintendent of public instruction: Post, $$ 1532, 1533.

Legislation § 1505. 1. Enacted March 12, 1872; based on Stats. 1869–70, p. 789, § 14. 2. Amended by Code Amdts. 1873–74, p. 78. 3. By Stats, 1897, p. 237.

§ 1506. Biennial appropriation to be made. [Repealed 1897; Stats. 1897, p. 237.]

Legislation $ 1506. 1. Enacted March 12, 1872; based on Stats. 1869–70, p. 790, $ 20. 2. Repealed by Stats. 1887, p. 139. 3. Repealed by Stats. 1897, p. 237.

$ 1507. Orders on controller, how drawn. Each order upon the controller of state by the board of trustees of a state normal school must be signed by the president of the board, and countersigned by the secretary. Upon presentation of the order aforesaid, signed and countersigned as aforesaid, the controller of state must draw his warrant upon the state treasurer in favor of the board of trustees for any moneys, or any part thereof, appropriated and set apart for the support of the normal school, and the treasurer must pay such warrants on presentation. (Amendment approved 1887; Stats. 1887, p. 139.]

Legislation $ 1507. 1. Enacted March 12, 1872; based on Stats. 1869–70, p. 790, $ 20. 2. Amended by Code Amdts. 1873–74, p. 78. 3. By Stats. 1887, p. 139.

CHAPTER III.

Public Schools.
Article I. State Board of Education. $$ 1517-1527.

II. Superintendent of Public Instruction. $$ 1532, 1533.
III. School Superintendents. $$ 1542–1553.
IV. Teachers' Institutes. $$ 1560-1566.

V. School Districts. $$ 1575–1584.
VI. Elections for School Trustees. $$ 1593–1602.
VII. Boards of Trustees of School Districts, and City Boards of

Education. $$ 1611-1625.
VIII. District Census Marshals. $$ 1631-1641. [Repealed.]
IX. Clerks of School Districts. $$ 1649-1652.
X. Schools. $$ 1662-1674.
XI. Pupils. $$ 1681-1687.
XII. Teachers. $$ 1696–1704.
XIII. District Libraries. $$ 1712-1717.
XIV. Establishment and Government of High Schools and High

School Districts. $ $ 1720-1752.
XV. High School Taxes and Funds. $$ 1752-1764.
XVI. County Boards of Education. $$ 1768-1779.
XVII. City Boards of Examinations. $$ 1787-1794.
XVIII. County School Tax. $8 1817–1820.
XIX. District School Tax. $$ 1830-1852.
XX. General Provisions Relative to School Funds and Taxes.

$$ 1857-1861. XXI. Miscellaneous Provisions Relating to Public Schools.

$$ 1867-1892.

ARTICLE I.

State Board of Education. § 1517. State board of education created. Vacancies. § 1518. Organization of board of education. Superintendent of public

instruction. Secretary. Meetings. $ 1518a. Annual meeting regarding normal schools. § 1519. Powers of state board of education, § 1519a. Free text-books for state institutions. 8 1520. Visits to elementary, secondary, and industrial schools. § 1521. Compensation. $ 1522. Traveling expenses of. (Repealed.] § 1523. [No section of this number.] $ 1524. [No section of this number.] $ 1525. (No section of this number.] $ 1526. [No section of this number.] § 1527. Preference given text-books written, etc., in California.

§ 1517. State board of education created. Vacancies. There is hereby created a state board of education to consist of seven members, who shall be appointed by the governor and shall hold office for a term of four years; provided, that those members first appointed hereunder shall be appointed within thirty days after the taking effect of this act; one shall be appointed to serve for a term of one year; two for a term of two years; two for a term of three years; and two for a term of four years. Thereafter, all appointments shall be for a term of four years. Should any vacancy occur, such vacancy shall be filled by appointment by the governor, the person so appointed to hold office only for the bal. ance of the period of time that his predecessor in office would have held had no vacancy occurred.

No appointive member of the state board shall during his term of office hold any salaried educational position. [Amendment approved 1913; Stats. 1913, p. 659.]

Education: See Const., art. IX.

Legislation § 1517. 1. Enacted March 12, 1872. 2. Amended by Code Amendments 1880, p. 28. 3. By Stats. 1889, p. 178. 4. By Stats. 1913, p. 659.

§ 1518. Organization of board of education. Superintendent of public instruction, secretary. Meetings. The superintendent of public instrucion shall within thirty days after the appointment of the state board of education, as provided for in section 1517 of the Political Code, call a meeting of such board in his office and said board shall organize by electing one of its members president.

At the first meeting following any change in the membership of the board, said board shall again organize in accordance with the above provision.

The superintendent of public instruction shall be secretary and shall act as executive officer of the board; he shall have eharge of all its correspondence and shall keep a record of its proceedings. It shall be the duty of the state board of education to determine all questions of policy; it shall be the duty of the superintendent of public instruction to execute, under direction of the board, the policies which have been decided upon, and to direct, under such general rules and regula

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